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America's Greatest Favorite
H. HACKFELD & CO.,
Che Pacific Guano
arc the manufacturers of the w 11 known
Fertilizers made to Order
H. HACKFELD &CO.,
SOME belt dressings are 4ike
a whip to a tired horse
They stimulate, but at the ex
pense of the belt.
Dixon's Belt Dressing is like a
It restores the belt to its original
FUANUIIISKS IN l'Oii.O ItlVO.
Capital lit KitRor lo Inrrst It Money
In till! Islam! Now.
FOR SALE BY
OMMSO. H. :OAVI s CO., Iro.
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail SS. Go.
Steamers of the above line running in connection with the Canadian Pacific Hall
way Company, H. C, and Sydney, N. S. W., and calling at Victoria, II, C, Honolulu,
and Brisbane, N.
'..; are duo at Honolulu on or about the dates below
From Vancouver and Victoria B.C.
For Urisbane, Q., and Sydney:
From Sydney, Brisbane (Q).
For Victoria and Vancouver, II. C:
is now running dally
The magnificent new service, the
BETWEEN VANCOUVKR AND MONTREAL, making the run in
without change. The 'finest railway service in the world.
Through tickets .ssued from Honolulu to Canada, United States and Europe
I'or freight and passage, and all general information, apply to
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd., Gen'l Agts.
Enterprise Planing Mill Company.
GEO. MUMBY, Mgr.
Front ST., in rear of Hilo .Mercantile Co's Building
Planing, Moulbing, Scroll Work and all kinds of Turned Work, Window Frames, etc
WATER TANKS A SPECIALTY, llouseliold iind all kinds ol Jfilrulture,
Store Fittings, Counters, etc., made to order. Cross-cut Saws re-toothed and
made as good as new, at easy rates.
Manufacturer ol School Seats, Church Pews, and Redwood Gutteis, all sizes
Washington, May 9. When the
I American troops lauded in Porto
Rico there were only a few public
utilities in actual operation on the
island. Among them was a "dum
my rnllroad," six or seven miles
long, connecting San Juan with its
suburb, Sauturce. It ran 011 the
side of a public highway, and its
diminutive locomotives were encas
ed in freight cars. It had a time
table, and once in a while lived1 up
to it, but it soon became a saying
among the Americans that the dum
my was the slowest thing in the
tropics. On the San Antonio bridge
there is a switch track, where the
train going out, according to the
time table, waits for the incoming
train to pass by. Once, on this
bridge the passenger had to stay on
1 until the train moved in one di
rection or the other. The British
Consul having on one occasion been
held a prisoner on the bridge for a
loncer time than usual, asserted
with n sigh the had spent six years
in Porto Rico, and that two years
of that time had been spent on the
San Antonio bridge.
Besides this dummy road there
was the so-called French railroad
which was uu uncompleted line in
tended to belt the island; a road
running a few miles out of Baya
ruon; a small road from Anasco; a
gas works at San Juan, now de
funct; an electric light plant, and
three small telephone exchanges.
These make up the sum total of the
public utilities of the island. No
public franchises have been granted
so that when the American investor
entered Porto Rico in the immedi
ate rear of the American troops,
there was -a wide field for develop
ment; but James S. Harlan, the At
torney General of the island, who
recently resigned his' position, de
clares that in the management of its
franchises for public utilities Porto
Rico is far ahead of many Ameri
can cities, The principal has al
ready been firmly established that
no public rights or privileges of any
kind, however small shall pass in
to the control of private hands, ex
cept on the payment of a reasonable
compensation to the government.
The franchise granting powers
under the organic law of Porto Ri
co is lodged in the Executive
Council, Mr. Harlan, as Attorney
General was a member of the Coun
cil and chairman of its committee
on Franchise, Concessions and Pri
vileges, and it was largely through
his efforts that the principal of com
pensation was so firmly fixed among
the insular institutions.
"The change of sovereignty,"
said Mr. Harlan the other evening,
in discussing this feature of the
work of the civil authorities, "did
not interupt the operation of local
laws. Prsident McKinley, recog
nizing the danger of improvident
and possibly corrupt action during
the period of confusion attending
the military occupation, wisely en
tered an order on December 22,
1898, forbidding the granting of
any franchises except on the special
authority of the Secretary of War.
The Secretary of War with equal
wisdom, limited his approval to
to a few cases, and even in these
took precautions to preserve the
public rights intact., The result
was that when the civil government
was organized it not only found it.
self in possession of practically all
public rights and privileges, but
found capitalists ready to take them
up on such terms as might be
agreed upon as reasonable.
"The most interesting work I
had to do in Porto Rico was the
consideration of applications for
franchises that were presented to the
committee, and the preparation of
franchise ordinances for the consid
eration of the committee, and later
of the Executive Council. The
conditions before the committee
were almost ideal for the develop
ment of the theory of reasonable com
pensation for every grant of public
property, or of a public privilege.
When the applicant for a franchise
insisted, as often happened
during the first few months, that
he' could not afford to pay a royalty
or a percentage into the insular
treasury, we answered that if his
enterprise could not nfford to pay .. . --- . T
somc pccuiiiaryconsidcration for the VV JLl JD WAJLvJL) JfcL A WAll.
public concession, it was not a safe
in which hazard his capital. When
he responded that he was willing
I Directory of the Prominent and Progressive business men in the richest couti
I try In the Islands. If you have any tiling to dispose of It doesn't cost much to ad
vertise it in this department, Write for rates.
cane and vegetables are extensively cul
tivated. Regular stage lines connect
with all outlying districts. The 4U1
Circuit Court meets at Honokaa annually
In July, Regular steamers call to dis
charge and receive freight.
A. B. LINDSAY General Merchan
dise, Post Office, School Agent.
CHAS. WILLIAMS Attorney at aw,
DRS. GREENFIELD & R.G.CURTIS.
Physicians and Surgeons.
J. M. MOANAULI Attorney at Law.
R. II. MAKEKAU Attorney at Law.
A.J. WILLIAMSON C. E. and Architect
AH POO RESTAURANT Meals at all
hours. Tobacco and Cigars.
KWONG WAH CHAN Merchant Tai
lor. Coffee Saloon and Restaurant.
to take the risk, we told him that
we did not want any unsuccessful
or dead enterprises on the island,
and would not permit it. Slowly
we established the principle that , HONOKAA Is the most thriving com
the use of public property or the1 uiunity outside of Hilo on the windward
right to carry on a public utility I coast of the Island of Hawaii, it Is situ-
,,i,i .,, 1, ... , . ated 50 miles from Hilo at an elevation
could not be granted to any one ex-1 ,.,.,,, , ., ,. ,
, . J .of 1500 feet which rentiers the climate
cept on the paymetit of an annual M,ubrOUSi Abovc the calle ,ntuls are
royalty proportioned to the value numerous homesteads on which coffee,
and iuporancc of the privilege de
sired. So firmly did we insist on
this, that it has become an unwrit
ten law of the island and
the npplicatous now presented
always set forth the royalty or per
centage which the. applicant is will
ing to pay for his concession.
"An electric plant -was recently
authorized in Ponce, a town of less
than 30,000 inhabitants. It is re
quired to pay 5 per cent of its gross
earnings into the insular treasury.
A street railway connecting the
plaza of Ponce with the wharves in
the harbor, only three miles long,
and passing for the larger part of
the distance through unsettled
fields of sugar cane, pays 5 per
cent on its gross receipts. A gen
eral telephone company recently
organized to acquire the present
local exchanges and construct
others,vaud also to operate long dis
tance lines throughout the island,
made its first application early in
1902. Some of us from personal
experience knew the value of
the telephone franchises, and
that the stock of most telephone
companies is above par. Contrary
to the vigorous protest of the appli
cant the committee insisted that
not less than I2 per cent of the
gross annual receipts should be
paid into the insular treasury. The
applicant and the committee dif
fered so widely on the question of
royalty that the ordinance was de
clined. The committee adhered to
its decision, and had the satisfac
tion within the last few weeks of
seeing the ordinance accepted. The
company is now about to begin the
construction of its lines under an
ordinance that reserves to the Ex
ecutive Council the right not only to
regulate the tariff of telephone
charges and to amend and alter it
at any time, but amend, alter and
repeal the ordinance itself. It also
permits the insular government to
purchase the property at any time
on a fair valuation. Besides pro
viding that no stock 01 bond divi
dends shall be declared, the ordi
nance forbids the issuance of stock
Comprises five sugar plantations, viz:
Hawl, Union Mill, Kohala, Ilnlawu and
Niulii and the extensive areas of the
Woods' stock rneicli. Mahukona is the
port from which runs the Kohahi Rail
road connecting the plantations.
W. AKUI Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots
and Shoes', Ready Made Clothes und
S. NAKA Watchmaker.
J. C. BURGESS Painting, Graining, Pa
per Hanging and decorating.
HALAVA Joaquin Zablan Dealer in
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Hals and Patent Medicines,
NIULII Kimu Pake Dry Goods, Gro
ccrics, Hats, Shoes, Hardware.
KOHALA CLUB CO. First Class Hotel
Accommodations, Livery, Hack and
Freighting. Meets steamers regu
larly at Mahukona.
KUKUIHAELE Is the most northe .
of the Hamakua plantations. It is sit-
1 uatcd on the brow of the great Waipio
i Valley a distance of sixty miles from
V. HOLMES Dealer in General
Merchandise and Plantation Supples. I
l'rcsli goods direct Irom ban Fran
TRY HAMAKUA SODA
cisco every month.
GEO. KAIZER Prop. Honokaa Stables
Staging and Teaming at reasonable
rates in Kohala, Hamakua and Hilo
districts; boarding a specialty, in
quire for terms, contracts, etc.
HALL Furnished Rooms to
WM. J. RICKARD Notary Public.
I J. G.JONES Dry Goods, Groceries, To
bucco and Cigars, Patent Medicines,
Hoots and buocs, Feed.
W. A. McKAY Saloon Handles Primo
QUONG CHONG CO. Dealers In Gen
eral Merchandise, Drugs, Fancy
Goods, Chinese and Japanese Goods.
WAIMEA.-Kamuola P. O.
This place derives its Importance from
being the chief port of South Kohala
through which Waitnea and Puako Plan
tations receive and ship their ireight.
Here mail is lauded and carried as far as
Honokaa by Vol. Stables stage line which
tuns through to Hilo. ,
WAH CHONG STORE Chock Hoo
Dry Goods, Groceries, Chinese and
Japanese Goods, Patent Medicines,
Kawaihae View Hotel and Restaurant.
JUDGE WM. 1J00KUANUI Notury
Public, Postmaster, Agent for Wil
der S. S. Co., and Light House
At uu elevation of 2701 feet between
Mauna Kea and the Kohala mountains,
twelve miles from Kawaihae and twenty
miles Irom Honokaa, is the fertile plain
of Wuimea, admirably adapted for the
cultlvctiou of agricultural and vegetable
products. This is the centre of the
Parker Ranch. over which roam thousands
ofauimals. The climate is ideal for a
AH YAU Merchant Tailor, first class
suits at city prices.
INOUWE First Class Hair Dresser and
SAMUEL K. PUA
MRS. C. N. ARNOLD Onoull House
Furnishes Good Accommodations for
Tourists and Visitors. Kealakekua P. O.
C. AHUNA Groceries, Dry Gocds,
Tobacco and Cigars, Fancy Goods, Mer
chant Tailor. Kealakekua, Hawaii.
Is that which has been in ami fact it red for
years exclusively by the
HENRY WEEKS Kealakekua, Ha
waii, takes orders tor Bed steads, Tables
and Calabashes and Fancy Articles of all
and bonds except in exchange for Kituls' atle ol NaUve Wooas
actual cash or property at a fair
valuation equal to the amount of
the par value of the stock and
bonds issued. As an additional, the
government, heads of departments
and police authorities have the free
use of the telephone lines in trans
mitting and receiving messages re
lating to the public business.
"This is simply an example of
the careful provisions contained in
all such ordinances. Public rights
are protected at every point. At
first investors were of the opinion
that we were too strict, made too
many demands and reserved too
many rights, but they have since '
learned that when the government j
accepts a royalty as its compensa-1
tion for a concession it becomes a '
partner in the enterprise, and a!
partner well worth having one 1
that works for success as earnestly !
as a private citizen coma, winie
we never grant any exclusive rights
in Porto Rico, nevertheless in prac
tice we permit no competition.
Having entered into the partner
ship, the government does not pro
pose to have its interests endanger
ed by competitors coming into the
same field. It can fairly take this
stand, because in the ordinances it
always preserves the right to regu
late charges. The public, there
fore, can be protected against ex
orbitant rates at the same time the
investor is protected against des
"As desirable a partner has the
Government become, that a few
weeks ago a prominent Spanish
company holding a lawful conces
sion of Spanish origin on which it
pays no royalty, voluntarily made
R. M AKA HALUPA Attomey-at-law
T. C. WILLS Dealer
Merchandise, Post Office.
OLAA SALOON AND CAFE at Nine
Miles Refreshments of till Kinds; Meals
at all Hours. Try our Hospitality.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
California Fertilizer Works
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
When purchasing be sure that in addition to the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on every
sack, otherwise you will not be getting the genuine article.
(Continued on page 3.)
A large stock of Diamond A and our
XX HIGH-CRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly on hand and for sale at San Francisco
prices, plus. only freight and actual expenses,
By Our Hlo Agonts,
L. TURNER CO.
1 . B$ri
1 1 1 mmm n UjJuMuutkLuu,