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America's Greatest Favorite
H. HACKFELD & CO.,
inducement Tor them to come here
I from the South. ,
"Furthermore" he says, "apre-i
judicc hns always existed iu Ha-i
wall against the importation of1
black labor,, which has found
voice iu at least one occasion in a
special resolution of the legislature
negro an undesirable settler in the
islands-. The Hawaiians are not
allied racially with the negro. For
these reasons, political and social,
Hawaiian public sentiment con-
numerous homesteads oil which coffee,
. sidcrs it undesirable that an clement cane and vegetables nrc extensively cul-
Cbe pacific Guano
are tbe manufacturers of the w 11 known
Fertilizers made to Order '
H. HACKFELD &CO.,
KIM) AlUUU TO (JGJOIKMI.
ICnrrol l Wright' Report on Labor
j Carrol D. Wright, the Commis
sioner of l,ahor, docs not find any
I of the ab uses of labor which certain
"rntnrm. -ri" nl rpnlnlpit en ltir1teS-
!oilv at the time of the vUh to B.opposinB such immigration
ull r thn Mlmimti ....:, arc social reasons that make the i
t Commission. In fact he finds much
to commend and very little to con
demn. The material for the report,
copies of which hare just come to
hand, was collected by Victor S.
Coark, and the Labor Commissioner
recommends that hereafter annua)
reports be no longer required as
provided by the Organic Act. One
report iu four or five years, the
commissioner says "would answer
every economic and social purpose."
The report opens with the chapter
on the general condition of labor
and industry iu the islands, with a
description of geographical position,
population, soil, etc.
CONTRACT LA DOR LAWS.
There is a' full history of the
penal labor contract in the islands,
which a certain element has char
acterized as slavery. Mr. Wright
takeS an exactly opposite view.
The system arose in the first place
he says, from the fact that many of
the first plantation managers were
seamen' and the native kings finally
adapted the seaman's shipping law
to the whaling fleet, and it after
wards became the labor law of the
INFLUENCE OF MISSIONARIES.
The planting interests have long
constituted a sort of industrial oli
garchy in Hawaii," the report
Directory of the Prominent anil Progressive business men Iu the richest couu
try In tbe Islands. If you have anything to dispose of It doesn't cost much to ad
vertise It iu this department, Write for rates. '
HONOKAA is tbe most thriving com
munity outside of Hllo on tbe windward
coast or tbe Island of Hawaii. It is situ
ated 50 miles from Ililn at an elevation
or 1500 feet which renders tbe climate
salubrious. Above tbe cane lands are
SOME belt dressings are like
a whip to a tired horse
They stimulate, but at the ex
pense of the belt.
Dixon's Belt Dressing is like a
It restoresthe belt to its original
FOR SALE BY
THO. II. !DAri:E Xs OO., DLVr.
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail SS. Go.
Steamers of the above line ruuuiim iu connection with tbe Canadian Pacific Hull-
way Company, II. C, and Sydney, N. S. V and calling nt Victoria, II. C, Honolulu,
N. 7. ; are ctUO at MOIIOIUIU oil or iidoui llie nines uciow
From Vancouver and Victoria B.C.
For Ilrisbaue, Q., and Sydney:
The magnificent new service, tbe
From Sydney, Brisbane (Q).
l'or Victoria and Vancouver, 11. C:
AORANGI MAY 6
MOAN. JUNE 2
MIOWERA JULY I
"Imperial Limited." is now running daily
BETWEEN VANCOUVER AND MONTREAL, making the ruu iu 100 hours,
without change. The finest railway service iu tbe yorhl.
Through tickets .ssued from Honolulu to Canada, United States and Europe
For freight and passage, and all general information, apply to
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd., Gen'l Agts.
Enterprise Planing Mill Company.
GEO. MUMI1V, Mgr.
I'kont ST., iu rear of Hilo Mercantile Co's Huilding
Planing, Mouloing, Scroll Work and all kinds of Turned Work, Window Frames, etc
WATER TANKS A SPECIALTY. Household and all kinds of Furniture,
Store Fittings, Counters, etc., made to order. Cross-cut Saws re-toothed and
made O'l good as new, at e.isy rates.
Manufacturer ol School Seats, Church Pews, and Redwood Gutteia, all sizes
says, "and even their passive in
fluence has counted for much, both
in legislature and in hall of justice.
But it does not necessarily follow
that this influence was detrimental
to public or private welfare, or ex
ercised as a rule for selfish and
short sighted ends. It doubtless
tended to preserve internal peace
and order under the monarchy,
hastened the material development
of the country, and was otherwise
potent in evolving modern civiliza
tion in the islands. But the com
mercial spirit has not dominated
alone. The missionaries brought
into Hawaii a temper of New En
gland altruism so practical and pro
gressive that it has always consti
tuted an efficient force in shaping
public policy and private practice
in matters of civil right. Local
public sentiment was strong enough
to correct evils that were arising In
1870, and there is little doubt that
such sentiment would have led ul
timately to a termination of penal
contracts even had no such emer
gency as annexation arisen."
THERE WAS NO SLAVERY.
Several individual cases of abuses
are cited but the report says "Phys
ical ill-treatment of contract labor
ers was the exception." Further,
"There seems no ground, therefore,
for believing that the former con
tract system in Hawaii was a sys-.
tem of quasi-servitude for laborers
after the reforms of 1872, or that it
was marked by extreme injustice
or brutality. Europeans who have
worked under it seem to regard it
with no special antipathy. A man
who had himself risen from the
position of a field cultivator to the
highest ranks of plantation adminis
tration, stated that he had seen
more abuse of men in a single
watch upon an American sailing
vessel than in twenty-one years of
life in the Hawaiian cane fields.
It was not a system that an Ameri
can would care to work under, or
one that it would be practicable to
revive, but it ought not go down
iu history burdened with any
particular odium. It was simply
an adaptation of a United States
statute to a particular situation
to an end no less exigent for the
country in which it was enforced
than is the end which justifies, in
the opinion of our Supreme Court,
the existence of our seaman's
shipping act, in spite of our con
stitutional provision against in
NO PLACE FOR THE NEGKO.
The report then deals with the
various efforts to obtain labor from'
abroad. As to the negro the com
missioner cousiders that there is 110
tivatcd. Regular stage lines connect
with all outlying district:). The 41b
Circuit Court meets at Honokaa annually
in July, Regular steamers call to dis
charge and receive freight.
A. B. LINDSAY General Merchan
dise, Post Office, School Agent.
CHAS. WILLIAMS Attorney at
DRS. GREENFIELD & R.G.CURTIS.
Physicians and Surgeons.
J. M. MOANAULI Attorney at Law.
R. II. MAKEKAU Attorney at Law.
A.J. WILLIAMSON C. E. and Architect
AH FOO RESTAURANT Meals at
hours. Tobacco and Cigarsi
KWONG WAH CHAN Merchant Tai
lor. Coffee Saloon and Restaurant.
V. HOLMES Dealer in Gencrol
Merchandise and Plantation Supples.
Fresh goods direct from San Fran
cisco every month.
GEO. KAI'ZER Prop. Honokaa Stables
Staging and Teaming at reasonable
rates in Kohala, Hamakua and Hilo
districts; boarding a specialty, in
quire for terms, contracts, etc.
be added to the population that
would be certain iu time to disturb
the existing happy conditions and
to create or emphasize unnecessary
SHOULD NOT DISTURI1 MAIN IN
DUSTRY. The commissioner finds that all
the planters do not favor Chinese
and points out some objections to
that class. As to Japanese he also
sees objection, and finds that the
Asiatic labor checks the emigration
of Caucasions and limits the market
for white labor "and thus tends to
hinder the building up of a strong,
self-governing community in the
mid-Pacific. Were Hawaii virgin
and unoccupied Territory it might
be questioned whether American
interests would permit a single
Mongolian upon its shores. But
now there are established industries
and interests urging their claims.
The sugar industry has been built
up upon Asiatic labor, that labor
cannot be withdrawn at once with
out ruining the industry, and with
it the economic prosperity of the
islands for many years to come,
Causes already sufficiently described
limit the industrial possibilities, and
no community, white or yellow,
can obviate these limitations. Cer
tain other conditions, sociological
rather than material, still further
restrict the industrial effort in the
islands. That labor policyis wisest
which, while recognizing existing
conditions and the natural limita
tions to productive enterprises
already mentioned, strives to main
tain the economic prosperity of the
Territory with the least possible
sacrifice of the interests of the
Caucasian working men."
WHITE MEN IN CANEl'IELDS.
The commissioner says that but
I ten per cent of the labor of the
plantations could be furnished
white men. and further that no
.' . . . " . .1 C. AHUNA (
supply ot tne Kiuu ot labor needed 'Tobacco and Cigars, Fancy Goods, Mer
can be taken from the states. ' chant Tailor. Kealakekua, Hawaii
He says: "Italy furnishes a!
large share of field bauds employed
Comprises fite sugar plantations, viz:
Hawi, Union Mill, Kohala, Halawu and
Niulii and the extensive areas of the
Woods' stock ranch. Mabukoua is tbe
port from which runs the Kohala Rail
road connecting the plantations.
W. AKUI Dry Goods, Groceries, Hoots
and Shoes', Ready Made Clothes and
S. NAKA Watchmaker.
J. C. 11URGESS Painting, Graining, Pa
per Hanging and decorating.
HALAVA Joaquin Zablau Dealer in
Dry Goods, Groceries, Hoots and
Shoes, Hats and Patent Medicines,
NIULII Kimu Pake Dry Goods, Gro
ceries, Hats, Shoes, Hardware.
KOHALA CLUB CO. First Class Hotel
Accommodations, Livery, Hack and
Freighting. Meets steamers regu
larly at Mabukona.
KUKUIHAELE is the most northern
of the Hamakua plantations. It is sit
uated on the brow of tbe great Waipio
Valley a distance of sixty miles from
TRY HAMAKUA SODA
G.JONES Dry Goods, Oroceries, To
bacco and Cigars, Patent Medicines,
Boots and Shoes, Feed.
A. ftlcKAY Saloon-Beer.
HALL Furnished Rooms to
WM. J. RICKARD Notary Public.
I QUONG CHONG CO. Dealers iii Gen
eral Merchandise, Drugs, Fancy
Goods, Chinese ami Japanese Goods.
WAIMEA.-Kamuola P. O.
This place derives its Importance from
being the chief port of South Kohala
through which Waimea and Puako Plan
tations receive and ship their freight.
Here mail is lauded and carried as far as
Honokaa by Vol. Stables stage line which
tuns through to Hilo.
WAH CHONG STORE Chock Hoo
Dry Goods, Groceries, Chinese and
Japanese Goods, Patent Medicines,
Kawaibae View Hotel and Restau
Public, Postmaster, Agent for Wil
der S. S. Co., und Light House
At an elevation of 37011 feet between
Muuna Kea and the Kohala mountains,
twelve miles from Kawaibae and twenty
miles from Honokaa, is tbe fertile plain
of Waimea, admirably adapted for the
cultivction of agricultural and vegetable
products, This is the centre of tbe
Parker Ranch. over which roam thousands
of animals. The climate is ideal for a
AH YAU Merchant Tailor, first class
suits at city prices.
INOUWE First Class Hair Dresser and
SAMUEL K. PUA Attorneyat-Law and
MRS. C. N. ARNOLD Onouli House
, 1 x'luiusiica uikju ULVUiuuiuimuuus lur
y I Tourists and Visitors. Kealakekua P. O.
HENRY WEEKS Kealakekua, Ha
waii, takes orders lor Bed steads, Tables
and Calabashes and Fancy Articles of all
in Louisiana, and Japanese cultivate Kinds, made of Native Woods,
the beet sugar fields of California.
The latter state furnishes a ready J
market for all the agricultural labor
that up to the present date has ever
reached its borders, at higher
wages that the cane industry can
afford to pay. American farm
hands cannot be employed and
small farmers from the States will
not occupy and till with their own
hands, cane lauds in Hawaii, until
some economic resolution is accom
plished by which workers are made
to move freely from a higher to a
lower market and from more profit
able to less profitable fields of pro
duction." He says also that white labor is
physically unable to perform some
of the plantation work.. Also
economic reasons have caused the
the preference for Asiatics and he
cites also a number of tests made
with white labor which were unsuc
cessful. CHINESE LABOR WANTED.
The report also says that the
planters are opposed to one class of
laborers, like the Japanese, for
there is already danger of a short
age. What tliey want most is
R. MAKAHALUPA Attorney-at-law
T. C. WILLS Dealer
Merchandise, Post Office.
OLAA SALOON AND CAFE at Nine
Miles Refreshments of all Kinds; Meals
at all Hours. Try our Hospitality.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
Is that which has been manufactured for the past fifteen
years exclusively by the
California Fertilizer Works
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
When purchasing be sure that in addition to the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on everv
Chinesi labor for agricultural pur- sack otherwise you will not be getting the genuine article.
poses only under restrictions1 -
imposed by Congress. "Such. a 1
law," it is pointed out would affect'
only Hawaii, says the commis-l
siotier. "It would have 110 in-1
fjuence whatever on the migration
df Chinese to the mainland, as they I
are not pemitted to enter California i
from the islands at the present
This, he says, is opposed by
many white people and by the
natives, though favored by the
(Continued on page 3.)
A large stock of Diamond A and our
XX HIGH-GRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly on hand and for sale at San Francisco
prices, plus only freight and actual expenses, "
ByOur Hllo Agonta,
L. TURNER CO.
i 'I ' ' 'l . ; jl JHPi l'PHHPMPT " ww i fill ' ijj I ' i rr TiMMrr rff? P' Tor