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Whut 1m Bust for
Ih Uefal for Hllo
"Wliut Ih Beat for
1h B5Ht for Uh
HILO, HAWAII, HAWAIIAN ISLAND?,, FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1904.
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iunr.!siii kvki.v i'kiuav
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President -.C. Kknnrdv
Vlce-Prelilciit - It' E. KICHAMl
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Walanuenue Street, - Hilo
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WAIANUENUE STREET. HILO
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Insurance or requests for Exchange,
I, GEORGE R. CARTER. Governor
of the Territory of Hawaii, by virtue of
the Authority in me vested by law, here
by convene the Legislature in spcciul
session on Wednesday, the Sixth Day of
April, A. I). Nineteen Hundred and Four,
for the consideration of such flnnucinl
measures as may be brought before it.
In Testimony Whereof, I have hereun
to set my hand and caused tlte seal of ttic
Territory of Hawaii to be affixed.
Done at the Capitol in Honolulu, this
twenty-first day of March, A. D. 1904,
SKAL G R. CARTER.
Ity the Governor:
A. L. C. Atkinson,
Secretary of Hawaii ai-i
ScalediTendcrs will be received by the
Superintendent of Public Work9, for the
construction of 13,900 feet of Government
road in five sections, between Ookala nnd
Kukniau In Hamakua District, Hawaii,
up to 12 111. of Saturday, March 19, 1904.
Plans and specifications on file in the
office of H. K. Richards, agent for the
Public Works Department at Hllo, Ha
waii, nuil at the office of the Assistant
Superintendent of Public Works, Hono
lulu. Proposals to be endorsed on envelope,
"Tenders for Ookala and Kukniau Road."
The Superintendent reserves the right
to reject any or all bids.
Ci S. HOLLOW AY,
Superintendent of Public Works.
Department of Public Works,
March 8, 1904. ao-i
Opening of bids for the construction of
13,900 feet of Government Road in 5 sec
tions, between Ookula and Kukaiau in
Hamakua District, Hawaii, has been
postponed until 12 in. of Monday, March
C. S. HOLLOWAY,
Superintendent of Public Works.
March 11, 1904. 20,3
The opening of bids for the construe-J
tiou of 13,900 feet of Government Road
in 5 sections, between Ookala and Ku
kaiau in Hamakua District, Hawaii, has
been further postponed until 12 m. of
Monday the 28th of March, 1904.
C. S. HOLLOWAY,
Superintendent of Public Works.
March 14, 1904. 30-3
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
In effect July 13, 1903.
Pussenger Trains, Except! Sunday.
IV Hllo ar
3:40 ar Keaau ar
ar Keaau ar
lv Hllo ar
ar l'uiioa ar
ar Puna lv
ar ranon ar
ar Puna lv
Excursion tickets between all points
are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, uood for twenty-
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
W. II. LAMBERT,
Koa Lumber in small and large quanti
ties; well seasoned.
Furniture made to order, any style
wanted. Repairs made on any kind ol
furniture. Prices moderate.
Sorrao Cabinet Shop.
Apply to JOSE- G. SERRAO.
UoTPmor Curler drills Legislature
to Meet April U.
Honolulu, March 22. Governor
Carter, gave up all of yesterday to
to interviews with members of the
Legislature and business men invited
to the executive chamber for the
The purpose of the session is
proclaimed t be for the considera
tion by the Legislature of such
financial measures as may be brought
before it, when it meets April 6.
According to the opinions ex
pressed by members of the Legis
lature tcthe Governor, the business
can be dispatched within thirty days.
Some of them thought tendays.
After the Governor had made his
decision he dictated the following
statement for publication in the
"In a period of financial depres
ion partly caused by the low market
price of our principal commodity,
it is most unfortunate that the Terri
tory should be forced to increase
the difficulty of the situation by re
gistering all its warrants by prac
tic lly asking its servants and cred
itors to carry it until November
next, thus overtaxing the resources
of our banker id merchants.
"Blame whom you may, the fault
rests finally with the people, and
can be cured only through them.
We have overreached ourselves, the
demands made on our general funds
from every section and every class
have placed the Territory on a plane
of expenditure far in excess of its
income. Our position today is in
tolerable. To continue simply
means financial embarrassment.
For the Executive to retrench does
not solve the difficulty, for it simply
continues the present wide range of
public service and only cuts d6wn
the efficiency of each department,
and does away with necessary re
pairs and improvements. Of course,
much can be done where we are
now extravagant, and our watch
word should be 'a full dollar re
ceived for every dollar expended.'
"Our experiment under the pres
ent form of self-government will
certainly fail unless the people can
be made to recognize the following
propositions: That they must,
through their Legislature, adj'ust
their own affairs; that whenever
the expenditure of a department
is increased, provision must be made
for it; that if a new service is de
manded of the Government, some
other less important function should
be abandoned, and the difference in
cost made good by a direct charge
or by increased taxation. And the
sooner the people of this Territory
and their representatives in the
Legislature recognize this the
"Much can be said in explana
tion many excuses can be offered,
but the real difficulty seems to be
that those who'have made these de
mauds on the Government in the
past are unwilling to pay more taxes
or to submit to special privileges
"Let us begin now to change
If a special service is
required, let those who enjoy it pay
for it or go without. To my mind,
uie loregunig illustrates one 01 tne
fundamental causes of our diffieul-
ties, and every opportunity should
be accepted to adjust such a matter.
' for deluv
is often procrastination.
retrenchment is not
permanent cure. I believe our
people feel as I do, that when there
is a difficult or arduous task to b
performed, the only course is to face
it squarely pud tackle it at once.
wieuimiornyiocaiitueLeg- Manchester, March 21. John
islature rests with me, I would not 1. 1 , , . ,. . .
feel myself true to Hawaii's best Kedmoud, leader of the Home Rule
interests if I failed to take this res-' PartV' addressed a monster demon
pousibility. If Hawaii is ever to fit 1 stration here 011 Sunday. He said
herself for aplace in the Union of that his party would overthrow the
sovereign States, we must show 1 present government and prevent
that we have a government here, I any government from succeeding it
not only of the people and for the unless Home Rule wus granted to
people, by BY the people." I Ireland,
II A.. 1. ..1 !.-. it . 1 ,
Nuvnl Secretnry Knows Nothlnir of
Washington, March 7. The
Merchants' Association of Honolulu
recently requested Mr. George B.
McClellau, who is here chiefly in
regard to legislation affecting the
electric lighting franchise, to call
upon Secretary of the Navy Moody
and ascertain the prospects for im
provement of the Pearl Harbor
station. He had an audience with
the Secretary, the result of which
Mr. McCIcIImi tells in hisowu words.
"I called by appointment in com
pany with Representative Colder
head, of Kansas, who was a close
personal friend of the Secretary
while he was in the House and also
in company with the Hawaiian
delegute," said Air. McClellan this
afternoon. "Although the Secre
tary received us with ercat courtesy,
and gave us nearly an hour's time,
yet the net results of the interview
held some very discouraging fea
tures as regards the outlook for any
immediate operations at the Pearl
Harbor Naval Station.
"It is significant,", ndded Mr.
McClellau, "that, although the naval
appropriation bill for this year, is
considerably the largest ever passed
by Congress, totalling almost $100,
000,000, it does not carry a single
dollar for the Pearl Harbor station.
This, the Secretary of the Navy
explained, is partly due to the fact
that the National development, has
made necessary the beginnings of
two new naval stations this year,
namely at Guautauamo uud Subig
Bay atid this, together with the new
construction work, and necessary
enlargement on existing stations,
and current maintenance of the
navy make up the large total of the
current appropriation bill.
"The Secretary of the Navy ad
mitted that he had not had time, as
yet, to go fully into the claims and
strategic advantages of the Pearl
Harbor Station but said with frank
ness that its advantages and claims
would be considered on their merits
as an integral part of the national
naval s stem. He intimated, how
ever, that the general board, whose
advice governs very largely as to all
questions of strategic value at diff
erent stations had made no specific
report on Pearl Harbor as they re
gard the Cuban and Philippine
stations as of prior importance.
HARDWARE WIND UP.
Concern Established n the Eighties
to Quit Business.
Honolulu, March 21. At a meet
ing of the stockholders of the Ha
waiian Hardware Company, held
last Saturday afternoon, it was
unanimously decided that the com
pany should go into liquidation.
While this will be done as soon as
possible it will not be done at sacri
fice price of the stock which the
company carries at present. The
capital stock ol the company is
$75,000. The stock on hand is
valued at about $100,000. The
principal stockholders of the com-
ilJ!y nre Cecil Brown, John Etia,
, the Campbell Estate and C. Afong.
The business was founded in the
1 ,. ......... ,- .1. : , . , ,.
f" ' '" ' ' ? e 8?, ,
1 edry. 110W U- Marshal.
I Theo. F. Lansing will take charge
'of wiuditn un the concerns affairs.
Cuna, March 21. The Russian
battleship Ossiliabya accompanied
by torpedo-boats has sailed for an
MOMJUITO IIUEEDINU SPOTS.
Inspector Ilowinnti Tells of Ills Cam
pnlffii Asrnlust Tests.
The campaign against the mos
quito in Hilo is being vigorously
prosecuted by Sanitary Inspector
Bowman and his assistant. The
town has been practically cleared of
tin cans and other rubbish that fos
ters mosquito breeding. A number
of loads of this material have been
carted away during the past month.
Next week, Mr. Bowman sxpects
to begin work on the canal through
Waiolama swamp, alter which he
does not believe mosquitoes will in
fest the place in such numbers.
The canal will be cleaned out and
the edges cut clear of grass and ob
structions, allowing a free current.
While in Honolulu, Mr. Bowman
discovered that cesspools are a pro
lific source of Mosquito supply.
They breed and multiply in these
places by the million. The mos
quitoes deposit their eggs in the
water in the flush tanks. These
eggs pass with the water into the
dark subterranean pool, where they
hatch in due time. They escape to
the outer world through the vent
pipes and fresh air inlets. In some
cases the cesspools arc not air tight
and mosquitoes enter from the out
side to deposit their eggs. Such
should be made air tight at once.
The best way to stop the mos
quito hatching business in these
places is to use petroleum or crude
oil. A quart of oil once in two
weeks, flushed into the cesspool
will annihilate the mosquitoes. Mr.
Bowman in his rounds will give
more particular instructions in these
matters. He hopes to have general
cooperation in ridd ng Hilo of mosquitoes.
LIVE STOCK ASSESSMENTS.
Uoreriior C.ii'ter Believes Cattle
Billed Too Low.
Honolulu, March 21. "Deputy
tax-assessors being about ' to start
out over the country on work of
valuation, Governor Carter this
morning called to the Capitol for
general conference on tax matters,
Treasurer Kepoikai, Tax Assessor
Holland the deputies above referred
"Governor Carter believes, and
so stated this morning that live
stock should be valued at a higher
rate this year than was the case
"We have been valuing stock on
an average of twelve and one half
dollars per head. The Governor
thinks this altogether too low an
estimate in consideration of the
present condition of stock and be
lieves the assessment should be
Boston, March 22. Win. R.
Hearst has started a daily paper
Tokio, March 21. The Govern
ment may abandon the proposed
Newchwang, March 21. The
foreigners have been lorbidden to
go beyond the walls of the city.
Tokio, March 21. The Japanese
Parliament was opened with much
ceremony. The Emperor opened
the diet personally.
St. Petersburg, March 21. The
reported battle along the Yalu river
is not confirmed. The situation
remains practically unchanged.
Johannesburg, March 21. The
bubonic plague has broken out in
the Indian coolie section. There
have been thirty deaths since
Paris, March 21. Russia has
protested against the action of the
Japanese fleet in shelling the quar
antine section during the Port Ar
WAR AND ITS RUMORS.
.Inimneso and Russians Have Not
Yet Clashed 011 l.nnd.
Yinkow, March 22. Heavy fir
ing is heard' down the coast.
London, March 22. An uncon
firmed story is current here that
the Japanese have occupied Port
Arthur, following laud and sea at
tacks on Saturday and Sunday.
There is also an unconfirmed
story that1, in n battle near Wiju,
600 Russians were killed.
St. Petersburg, Mar. 22. ArWd
Mongolians, disguised as pilgrims,
are concentrating on the Russian
Four thousand Russian soldiers
are arriving daily in Manchuria.
Moscow, March 22. Five mil
lion, five hundred thousand roubles
have been subscribed for patriotic
The British colony contributed a
field hospital with fifty beds.
St. Petersburg, March 21. It is
reported from Paris that an alliance
of Japan, China and Korea has
LABOR AND PANAMA.
Unions Object to Oriental Coolies
011 the Canal.
Washington, March it. Rear
Adrairal Walker, chairman of the
Isthmian Canal Commission, testi
fied before the House Committee on
Interstate and. Foreign Commerce
today that Chinese or Japanese
coolies would be required to work
on the Panama canal, in his opinion,
on account of the inability of Am
erican laborers to withstand the
rigors of that climate. He said
there were not enough West India
negroes to be obtained for the work,
which would require 30,000 or 40
000 men, before its completion.
This statement has already
aroused the labor unions and re
presentatives of organized labor
here declare that they will at once
begin agitation to prevent the en
actment of anv legislation that will
admit Chinese into the Panama zone.
They hold that the canal zone is
now the territory of the United
States and that the exclusion act
applies to it as well as to any other
possession of the United States. If,
however, it should be held that the
exclusion act does not apply, the
labor unions propose to fight for an
extension of the act to that zone.
There will unquestionably be op
position to the employment of Chi
nese coolies on the caual work from
other than labor organizations on
the ground that the proper sanita
tion of Panama would so ameliorate
the dangers of fever that white
labor couldi be employed. Admiral
Walker, however, clings to his be
lief that Chinese must be used at
laest for portions of the work. A
meeting of the Canal Commission
will be held here on March 22d and
the Commissioners will leave soon
afterward for Panama.
mi n j- jih l. j-j
A HOME COMPANY
Organized Under the Laws of the Ter
ritory of Hawaii.
Maturity Co., Ltd.
Loans, Mortgages, Securities, Invest
incuts and Real Estate.
Homes Built 011 the Installment Plan
HOME OFFICE :
Tho Hawaiian Ronlty and
Maturity Co., Ltd.
L. K. KENTWELL.