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THE WKBKLY HILO TRIBUNE, HILO, HAWAII, FRIDAY, MARCH 35, 1904.
FIRST BANK OF HILO
Iucorpnrated Under the I,nwi of the
Territory of .Hawaii.
PEACOCK BLOCK, HILO.
P. PKCK - Pretlilent.
C; C. KUNNKDY Vlce-J'res.
JOHN T. MOIK..inil Vlce-Pren.
C. A. STODIlt Collier.
TII08. C. RIUOWAY, Secretary.
J. . Ctmttio, John J. Orare,
F. 8. Lyman, II. V. Patten,
Wm. Pullar, W. II. Stilpman.
Draw Exchanse on
The Bank of Hawaii, Ltd Honolulu
Wells, Fargo & Co. Hank.. .San Francisco
Wells. Fargo & Co's Bank New York
The National Bank of the Re- ) cMcaco
Glynn, Mills, Currie & Co London
Hongkong-Shanghai Bank- ) Hongkong,
ing Corporation J China.
Hongkong-Shanghai Bank-1 Shanghai,
ing Corporation J China.
Hongkong-Shanghai Bank-) J"","
ing Corporation f, Jopnnf
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Rented by the Month oi Year. Par
ticulars on Application.
We have added a Starr
Oval and Circle Machine
to our Framing Depart
ment ... Over one hundred
styles of Moulding con
stantly carried in stock
Wall, Nichols Co.
HILO MARKET CO.,
Telephone No. 39.
Hilo, H. r
Pacific Heat Markel
Front St., Hilo, H. I
Choice Cuts of
POULTRY of all Kinds
FRESH ISLAND BUTTER
Fine Fat Turkeys.
. . Sucking Pigs.
a ww u
ROBERT INNE8 LILLIE
Exporter of Island Produce.
Books Kept and Audited.
Room 1, Spreckcls' Block, Hilo
S? a d
X I o ? ."g
mN the network of streams drain'
Iiir the eastern portion of Mich'
litnn nnd known as the Sag'
I 1 Inuw wnters the great linn of I
Morrison & Dnly had for many years
carried on extensive logging operations
lu the wilderness. j
Now at last, In tho early eighties,
they reached tho end of their holdings
Another winter would llnlsti tuc cut.
At this Juncture Mr. Daly called to
him John Kndwny, a man whom he
knew to possess extensive experience,
a llttlo capital and a desire for more of
"Uadway." said he when the two
found themselves alone in tho mill of-
flee, "we expect to cut this year some I
50000,000, which will Anlsh our pine
holdings in the Saginaw waters Most
of this timber Itaowin the Crooked
Lake district, and that we expect to
?!lL1UrSelJeBA W, ow?' hw,cver'
u,uw,uw uu tuu vus umuLu huilii wui
would like to log on contract. ould ,
you care to take the Job?"
"How much a thousand do yo
give?" asked Radwny.
"Four dollars," replied the lumber
man. "I'll look nt It," replied the Jobber.
So Rndwny got tho "descriptions"
nnd a little map divided Into townships,
sections nnd quarter sections and went
out to look nt It. He searched until he
found a "blaze" on n tree, the marking
on which Indicated it as the corner of
a section. Prom this corner the bound
nry lines were blazed nt right anglco
In either direction. Radway followed
the blazed lines. Thus he was nblc ac
curately to locate Isolated "forties"
(forty acres), "eighties," quarter sec
tions and sections la a primeval wilder
ness. The feat, however, required con
siderable woodcraft, an exact sense of
direction and a pocket compass.
These resources were still further
drawn upon for tho nest task. Rad
way tramped tho woods, hills nnd val
leys to determine tho most practical
route over which to build a logging
road from the standing timber to the
shores of Cass branch. He found It
to be an nffalr of some puzzlement.
The pines stood on a country rolling
with hills, deep with pot holes. It
became necessary to dodge Intnnd out,
here and there, between the knolls,
around nnd through tho swamps, still
keeping, however, In the same general
direction and preserving always the
requisite level or down grade. Rad
way had no vantage point from which
to survey the country. A city man
would promptly have lost himself in
the tangle, but the woodsman emerged
at last on the bnnkfl of a stream, leav
ing behind him a mcaudcring trail of
"I'll take It." said he to Daly.
Daly now proceeded to drive n sharp
bargain with him.
Customarily a Jobber Is paid a cer
tain proportion of the agreed price as
each stage of the work Is completed.
Daly objected to this method of pro
cedure. "You see, Radway," he explained,
"it's our last seoDou In the country.
When this lot Is in we want to pull
up stakes, so we can't take any
chances on not getting that timber In.
If you don't Anlsh your Job, It keeps
us here another season. There can be
no doubt, therefore, that you Anlsh'
your Job. In other words, wo can't
take any chances. If you start the
thing, you've got to carry It 'way
"I think I pan, Mr. Daly," tho Job
ber assured him.
"For that reason," went on Daly,
"we object to paying you as the work
progresses. We've got to have a guar
antee that you don't quit on us und
that those logs will be driven down the
branch as far as tho river lu time to
catch our drive. Therefore I'm going
to make you a good price per thousand,
but payable only when the logs are
delivered to our river men."
Uadway, with his usual mental atti
tude of one anxious to Justify the oth
er man, ended by seeing only his em
ployer's argument. Ho did not per
ceive that tho luttcr's proposition In
troduced Into the transaction n gam
bling element. It became possible for
Morrison & Duly to get n certain
amount of work short of absolute com
pletion done for nothing.
All this was In August. Radway,
who was a good, practical woodsman,
set about the Job Immediately. He gath
ered a crew, established n camp nnd
legan at once to cut roads through
the country he hud already blazed on
his former trip.
Radwny's task was not merely to
level out uud ballast the six feet of a
roadbed already constructed, but to
cut a way for Ave miles through tho
unbroken wilderness. The way had,
moreover, to be not less than twenty
Ave feet wide, needed to be absolutely
level and free from any kind of ob
structions uud required in the swumps
liberal ballasting with poles, called cor
duroyB. Not only must the growth be
j removed, but the roots must be cut out
j uud the Inequalities of tho ground lev
I eled or Ailed up. Rellect further that
1 Rudway had but u brief time at IiIb
disposal, but n few mouths ut most,
and you will then be In a position to
lentigo the first difficulties of those the
IXX Copyright, 1903, by ftart Edfard XVhttt .
American pioneer expects to encounter .
rr. . k, i . .
The Jobber of course pushed his
" . K.f u", ?"'". . ,
grently handicapped by lack of men
Winter set lu curly and surprised him
with several of , tho smaller branches
yet to finish. The main line, however,
At Intervals squares were cut out
itlongslde. In them two long timbers
or skids were laid andlronwlse for the
reception of the piles of logs which
would be dragged from the fallen
trees. They were called skldways.
Then Anally the season's cut began.
The men who were to fell the trees
Ilndwnv distributed nlone one bound
ary of a "forty." They were Instruct-
ed to move forward across the forty
'In a straight line felling every pine
tree over eight Inches In diameter.
While the saw gangs, three In number,
I feared to fell the Arst trees, other
uiL'ii ciliicu BWuuipcTS wt'iu uuay zuv
ting and clearing of roots narrow lit
tie trills down through the forest from
the pine to tho skldway at the edge
of the logging road. The trails were
perhaps three feet wide and marvels of
smoothness, although no attempt wus
made to level mere Inequalities of the
ground. They were culled travoy
roads (French travols). Down them
the logs would be dragged and hauled
cither by means of heavy steel tongs
or u short sledge on which one end of
the timber would be chained.
Meantime tho sawyers were busy.
Each pair of men selected a tree, the
first they encountered over the blazed
line of their forty. After determining
lu which direction It was to fall they
set to work to chop a deep gash In that
side of the trunk. N
Tom Droadhcad and Henry Paul
picked out a tremendous pine, which
they determined to throw across a lit
tle open space in proximity to the
travoy road. One stood to right, the.
other left, nnd alternately their axes
bit deep. Tom glanced up as a sailor
"She'll do, Hank," he said.
The two then with a dozen half clips
of the ax removed the Inequalities of
the burk from the saw's path. The
long flexible ribbon of steel began to
sing, bending so adaptably to the hands
and motions of tho men manipulating
that it did not seem possible so mo
bile an instrument could cut the rough
pine. In a moment the song changed
timbre. Without a word the men
straightened their backs. Tom flirted
along the blade a thin stream of kero
sene oil from a bottle In his hip pocket,
and the sawyers again bent to their
work, swaying back and forth rhyth
mically, their muscles rippling uuder
the texture of their woolens like those
of a panther, under Us skin. The out
er edge of the saw blade disappeared.
"Hotter wedge her, Tom," advised
They paused while, with a heavy
sledge, Tom drove a triangle of steel
into the crack made by the sawing.
This prevented the weight of the tree
from pinching tho saw. Then tho
rhythmical z-z-z, z-z-z, again took up
When the trunk was nearly severed
Tom drove another and thicker wedge.
"Timber!" halloed Hank in a long
drawn melodious call that melted
through the woods Into tho distance.
The swampers ceased work and with
drew to safety.
"Crackl" called the tree.
Hunk coolly unhooked bis saw han
dle, and Tom drew tho blado through
und out the other side.
The tree shivered, then leaned ever
so slightly from the perpendicular, then
fell, at Arst gently, afterward with a
crescendo rush, tearing through the
branches of other trees, bending the
small timber, breaking the smallest
and at last bitting with a tremendous
crash und bang which Ailed the air
with a fog of small twigs, needles and
the powder of snow.
Then the swampers, who have by
now Aulshed tho travoy road, trimmed
the prostrate trunk clear of all pro
tuberances. It required fairly skillful
ax work. The branches had to be
shaved close and clear, and at the
same time the trunk must not be
gashed. And often a man was forced
to wield bis instrument from a con
The chopped branches and limbs bad
now to' be dragged clear and piled.
While this waB being finished Tom nnd
Hunk marked oft and sawed the log
lengths, paying duo attention to the
necessity of avoiding knots, forks and
rotten places. Thus somo of the logs
were eighteen, somo sixteen or four
teen nnd somo only twelve feet In
Next appeared the teamsters with
their little wooden sledges, their steel
chains and their tongs. They had been
helping the skldders to place the par
allel and level beams, or skids, on
which tho logs were to be piled by the
side of tho road. The tree which Tom
and Hank bad Just felled lay up a gen
tle slope from the new travoy road, so
little Fabian Laveque, the teamster,
clamped tho bite of his tongs to the
end of the largest or butt log.
"Aljez, Molly I" ho cried.
A lior.se, huge, elephantine, her head
down, nose dose to her chest, lntelll-
m u .1
gently spy fag !i r" step, movcrr. TTiej
log half rolled over, slid three feet and
menaced a stump.
"IJeiil" pried Luvenue.
Molly stepped twice directly side-
wise, planted her forefoot ou a root
he had seen and pulled sharply- The
end of the log slid around the stump.
"Allczl" commanded Laveque.
And Molly started gingerly down the
hill. She pulled the Umber, heavy aa
an Iron safe, here and there through
the brush, missing no steps, making
bo false moves, backing and Anally
getting out of the way of an unex
pected roll with the ease and Intelli
gence of Laveque himself. In Qve
minutes the burden lay by the travoy
road.' In two minutes more one end
of It had been rolled on the little not
voo&m tfae other cnd Ang,
" wns winding majestically down
hr ,he andenf fort
When Molly nnd Fabian had travoy
ed the log to tho sktdway they drew
It with a bump acroM the two parallel
skids and left It there to be rolled to
the top of the pile.
Then Mike McOovcrn and Bob Strat
ton and Jim Gladys took charge of It
Mike nnd Hob were running the cant
hooks, while Jim stood on top of the
great pile of logs already decked. A
slender, pliable steel chain like a gray
snake ran over the top of the pile and
disappeared through a pulley to an
Invisible horse Jenny, the mate of
Molly. Jim threw the end of this
chain down. Bob passed It over and
, unUer th , nud eturncd u t0 j,
,,, rencued f ,t ,th the
,10ok of m ,mpement. Thus the
j k f t m , ,
0 d of whIch Ied t e Invisible
horse, nnd the other Jim made fast to
the top of the pile. He did so by Jam
ming into another log the steel swamp
hook with which the chain was armed.
When all was made fast the horse
"She's a bumper," said Bob. "Look
The log slid to the foot of the two
parallel poles laid slanting up the face
of the pile. Then it trembled on the
ascent. Uut one end stuck for an in
stant, and at once the log took on
dangerous slant. Quick as light Bob
and Mike sprang forward, gripped the
hooks of tho cant hooks like great
thumbs nnd forefingers, and, while one
held with all his power, the other
gave a sharp twist upward. The log
straightened. It was a master feat of
power and the knack of applying
At the top of tho little incline the
timber hovered for a second.
"One morel" sang out Jim to the
driver. He poised, stepped lightly up
and over and avoided by the safe
hairbreadth being crushed when the
log rolled. But it did not He quite
straight or even. So Mike cut a short
thick block and all three stirred the
heavy timber sufficiently to admit of
the billet's Insertion.
Then the chain was thrown down for
Jenny, harnessed only to a short,
straight bar with a hook in It, leaned
to her collar and dug her hoofs at the
word of command. The driver, close
to her tall, held fast the slender steel
chain of nn Ingenious hitch about the
ever useful swamp hook. When Jim
shouted "Whc-at" from the top of the
skldway the driver did not trouble to
stop the horse; be merely let go the
book. So the power was shut off sud
denly, as Is meet and proper In such
ticklish business. lie turned and walk
ed back, and Jenny, like a dog, without
the necessity of command, followed
him lu slow patience.
Now came Dyer, a scaler, rapidly
down the logging road, a small, slender
man with a little, turned up mustache.
The men disliked him because of his
affectation of a city smartness and be
cause he never ate with them, even
when the ro was plenty of room. The
scaler's duty at present was to measure
tho diameter of the logs In each skid-
"AUctl" commandtd Laveque.
way and so compute the number of
board feet At the oAce he tended van,
kept the books and looked after sup
riles. Be approached the skldway rapidly,
laid bis flexible rule across the face
of each log, made a mark on hks pint
tablets in the column to which the leg
belonged, thrust the tablet in tke pock
et of his cout, seized a blue crayon, In
a loug bolder, with which he made an
S as Indication that the log bad been
scaled, and finally tapped several
times strongly with a sledge hammer.
On the face of the hammer in relief
was an M inside of a delta. This was
the conipany's brand, and go the leg I
was branded as belonging to them. H '
(Continued on page 7.)
Of Gothenburg, Sweden
Assets (Home Office) .... 7,3",o6j.36
Assets in U. S. (for Additional Security of American Policy Holders) 656,678.43
Pacific Coast Department: F.DWAKD BROWN & SONS, General Agents
411413 California St., San Francisco.
H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd., Resident Agents, HILO
FIRE! FIRE! FIRE!
Is your property, household goods or
merchandise insured? IC IMT UUV IMT9
, In case of fire would Ir WUI ""' WUI
you be a heavy loser without a fire
THE HONOLULU INVESTMENT CO., Ltd.
General Agents of
The Insurance Company of North America
The New Zealand Insurance Company
The Westchester Fire Insurance Company
The Fidelity Insurance Company
The Canton Marine Insurance Company
- JUDD BUILDING. HONOLULU, H. T.
iu j For it is on
I T &t m iPJlo the top which
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS
Is that which has been manufactured for the past fifteen
years exclusively by the
California Fertilizer Works
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
When purchasing be sure that in addition to the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on every
sack, otherwise you will not be gettiug the genuine article.
A large stock of Diamond A aud our
XX HICH-GRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly on hand and for sale at San Francisco
prices, plus only freight and actual expenses,
By Our Hilo Agents,
L. TURNER CO. '
Enterprise Planing Mill Company.
GEO. MUMOY, Igr. Front St., in rear of Hilo Mercantile Co's BuildiuR
Plauiug, Mouloitig, Scroll Work and all kinds of Turned Work, Window Frames, etc
WATRR TANKS A SPECIALTY. Household aud all kinds of Furniture,
Store Fittings, Counters, etc., made to order. Cross-cut Saws re-toothed aud
made as good as new; at easy rates.
1 Manutacturer ol School Seats, Chuich
CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
Fews, and Redwood Gutteia, all sizes