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THE WEEKLY HII.O 'TRIBUNE, HILO, HAWAII, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1904.
Of (lotlienlnirjf, Sweden
Atsels(.llonieOl1lce) .... J7.3a2.063.3G
Assets in U.S. (fur Additionil Security of Auictiviiii Policy Holder) 656.67H.43
I'noific Coast liepartinciit: EDWARD DROWN & SONS, General Agents
41 1413 California St., San Francisco.
H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd., Rosiaont Agents, HILO
For Sale by
THEO. H. DAVIES & GO. Limited
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J3EJTTOFALL fMkl BOTTLING I
L-.raH WORKS fl
KIMHH AGENTS. HONOLULU f
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
Is that which has been manufactured for the past fifteen
years exclusively by the
California Fertilizer Works
SAN FRANCISCO, OAL.
When purchasing be sure that in addition to the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on every
sack, otherwise you will not be getting the genuine article.
A large slock of our Diamond A and our
XX HIGH-GRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly on hand
prices, plus only freight and actual expenses,
By Our Hilo Agents,
L. TURNER CO-
and for sale at San Francisco
N ATI) UK STUDY.
Inli-ri'sllntr I'tipor Until I.111I Tench'
Ily Ml.. Wnril, (Mm.
When a pupil readies the high
school or college he studies physical
geography, geology, physiology,
physics, botany, mineralogy, chem
istry, zoology, etc.. with their inter
lacing topic, niul thus his outlook
at the universe and the laws that
control it are broadened, his atten
tion enlisted, his interest engaged
iu proportion as his heart responds
to the many voices of nature that
cuter into his environment.
But when we estimate the small
percentage of pupils who partake
of the privileges of high school or
academic work, how important be
comes the consideration of giving
to the very large majority every
help toward becoming a little ac
quainted with the various natural
things around them; no .scientific
instruction, but simple studying
out and explanation enough to en
courage them to reason about the
why of everything for themselves.
The product of a thorough edu
cation is a cultivated man or woman.
President Kliot says: "Culture in
cludes a quick and wide sympathy
with men and nature. We have
become convinced that some inti
mate acquaintance with the earth
and sky adds greatly to the happi
ness of life, and that this acquaint
ance should begin iu childhood,
and be developed all through ado
lescence and maturity. A brook, a
hedge row.ior a garden is an inex
haustible teacher of wonder, re
verence and love."
He also gives as the four elements
of culture: character, language,
the store of knowledge and imag
ination. As we contemplate our
pupils of today, it seems beyond
the bounds of the most vivid imag
ination to sec even the smallest per
centage 01 them achieve any high
degree of this ideal culture. Let
us, nevertheless, the more earnest
ly strive that they may be lifted
some nearer the mediocre at least.
How shall we do this through
talks on nature? Of first import
ance is beginning with objects and
experiments that the pupils can see,
hear, and handle. Then absolute
freedom of expression on the part
of the child and how often we
find that he has sharper eyes and
quicker wit than our own. Observ
ing Arbor Day, Christmas Day,
Bird Day by emphasizing the
special thoughts of kindness to and
care and love of birds and flowers.
Line upon line. If the children
really believe that we read these
lessons ourselves, they will attempt
to follow us.
The language work may be
reached in a variety of ways. By
the Five-Step Method. Very short
reproduction stories to be read to
the class by one of the best readers;
then find out how much of it some
child can tell you. These stories
concerning some object previously
studied, give the slowest children a
better chance to understand and re
produce. Some mornings we have
three or four, and I ask the pupils
to tell me which words they wish
me to write upon the black-board.
These words are left there during
the day, and studied or written, or
sentences banded iu containing cer
Some days ten or fifteen questions
are on the board, 'and a pupil call
ed on to read one and answer it.
In this exercise, one purpose is for
the teacher to make no explanations,
but to have the closs work out sat
isfactory answers, fairly well ex
pressed. For two weeks we worked on
"The River," not geographically,
but its natural features.
Another method to develop lan
guage along this line of nature work
is from some poem. We studied
"The Wreck of the Hesperus" iu
this way. Undertaking it for the
Fourth Reader clajs, but finding
the Second Reader most attentive,
we suited it to all with much sat
isfaction. The following expres
sions gave material for several days'
work: the wintry sea, fairy flax,
icicles, white and fleecy waves,
sheathed iu ice, day-bieak, sea
beach, salt sea, brown sea-weed.
After this study, the close attention
given as the poem was then read to ;
them, showed a very different con
ception of the incident, than
possessed before the study.
Shortly after this I placed several
pictures on pupils' desks at inter
mission, and was surprised to hear'
some of these words used as readily
as they were.
We also make these words a
pincticc for phonics.
Then that other exquisite bit of
Nature painting l)a -break
HA Wind rntni tit, nut tifllip spi
Anil said, '6 Mists, mike room for me." j
As we follow the morning
breeze on its mission of arousing
nature from the tranquility of the
departing ight, hailing the mar
iners, shouting to the forests, touch
ing the wood bird's folded wing,
whispering to the fields of corn,
reaching the farm, the haunt of
man, until he himself is awakened
by the chime from the belfry, our
spirits are prepared for the climax,
as "It crossed tlu church-yard
with a sigh, acknowledging that
hetc its power end. -d, that here to
arouse the sleepers must be felt the
touch of the supernatural or divine
Another gem is "The Chambered
Natilus," containing the history of
that "Child of the Wandering Sea,"
frail tenant of that "Ship of pearl,"
in gulfs enchanted near the coral
reefs, year after year, until he
steals with soft step its shining
archway through, bringing to the
thoughtful mind of the poet the
heavenly message he so grandly
sings for us.
Is it not by tracing such thoughts
as these that the soul really feels
the "sweet influence" of mothe
nature? And children are capable
of more iu this line, than is usually
accredited to them.
There are few exercises that so
surely arouse a cordial sympathy
between teacher and pupil and tend
toward that comradeship so much
to be desired, as the imformality of
the time devoted to investigation iu
and conversation about some na
tural object or phenomenon. The
pupils arc alert with interest, for
children as well as adults think
with greater pleasure and accuracy
when the mental activity is asso
ciated with the observation of some
concrete thing or action, and what
the reason does not understand,
the imagination supplies.
It is one of the inherent rights of
childhood to be happy. Froebel
says, "The things of nature form a
more beautiful ladder between Heav
en and eirth than that seen by
Jacob; not a one-sided ladder lead
ing in one direction, but an all
sided one leading iu all directions.
Not in dreams is it seen; it is per
manent, it surrounds us on all
sides." How much of happiness
comes to the children iu apprehend
ing the structure of this creation.
The habits of observation and
thinking started in childhood,
largely decide the tendency of the
reading in later years. And may
not the nature talks iu early school
life, prepare the abult to under
stand the beautiful thoughts of
writers, who have so fully spoken
of all phases of nature?
It is possible to prepare many
programs for Friday afternoon
rheioricals containing choice se
lections on nature subjects, easily
within the comprehension of the
youngest children. Ponderiug
these things tends to bring out the
noble iu thought and character. I
read the following a short time
since, on the idea some people hold,
that we should leave the taste of
the young to take its choice.
Coleridge tells of a friend who
thought it very unfair to influence
a child's mind by inculcating any
opinions before it should have come
to years of discretion and able to
choose for itself. Coleridge says;
"I showed him my garden, and
told him it was my botanical gard
en." "How so?" said his friend,
"It is covered with weeds!'"
"Ohl" Coleridge replied, "that
is only because it has not come to
its age of discretion and choice.
The weeds, you see, have taken
the liberty to grow, aud I thought
it would be unfair to prejudice the
soil toward roses and strawberries.'-'
Shall we have weeds or strive
for roses and strawberries?
1 riA j it iw i' 1
IT fev rjtwffllrf Drink to your
1 "" ' W H Y K K 1
1 WilM WATER 1
Ml fm M 1 Sparkling and pure IB
Wlj UlJ l with i delightful
Mi Ami II smack of its, own. H
mnwM rwHtw or sa n n first-class bars
Hi1 w IKmF an( ky I
fflkjf VJS) W. C. PEACOCK & CO., Limited I
HSSJ Ifa Agents, Hilo. . 1
J. C. Ohlanilt,
N. OHLANDT & CO.
Of finery Description.
Sulphate of Potash,
Sulphate of Ammonia,
Alaska Fish Scrap,
High Grade Tankage.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
137 Market Street.
Certificate of Analysis accompanies our shipments, wlilcli we guarautee
to be correct.
R. OP. GUARD,
Agent for the Hawaiian Islands
ORDERS FILLED AT SHORT NOTICE
Enterprise Planing Mill Company.
GEO. MUMIJY, Mgr. I'ront St., in rear of Hilo Mercantile Co's niiildinn
Planing, MouloiiiK, Scroll Work anil all kinds of Turned Work, Window Frames, etc
WATER TANKS A SPECIALTY. Household and all kinds of Furniture,
Store Fittings, Counters, etc., made to order. Cross-cut Saws re-toothed aud
made as good as new, at easy rates.
Manulacturer of School Seats, Chinch Pews, mid Redwood Gutteia, all sizes
HAND MADE SADDLES AND HARNESS
RICHARDS & SCHOEN,
Hilo Harness Shop, Hilo, H. I.
J. A. Ulick
C. 11. Ulick
and Ukai.kks in
Muriate of Potash,
Nitrate of Soda,
Indiana & Yolo Sis
Waiakea Boat House
R.A. LUCAS & CO., I'rop'rs.
WAIAKUA BRIDGE, HII.O
HAVE NOW A FLEET OF
and Small Boats
FOR PUHLIC HIRE
i l asseujjers and b.ij;Knj;e taken to and
i from vessels in the harbor at reasonable
'rates. Launches and row bouts to hire
lor private picnics and moonlight rides.
, RING UI ON TKMJPHONK
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-starter and reversible engine. Iu
practicability it is equal to the steam eu-
Igiue. Sies from li h. p. upwards.
lloats fitted with this engine or frames ot
any she to order. For particulars apply
to R. A. LUCAS, Mauuger,