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Uf (.lothenburtf, Sweden
Assets (Home Office) .... i7,$n,ol$.3()
A'sicln in U. S. (fur Atltlitlon.it Security of American I'oliey Holders) 656,678.43
Pacific Const In-pnrliuciit: UMVAKl) 1IUOWN & SONS, Gencrnl Agent
4U-413 California St., San I'raticisco.
H.'HACKrELD & CO., Ltd., Rosluont Agents, HILO
Nothing but the very best
of wheat is bought by the
millers who put up .
Every bushel used' must be sweet and souud, and
' kept so. Every grain of wheat is run through
four cleaning and four scouring machines, and is
thoroughly washed before grinding.
It is not enough that the dust is removed from the
- wheat, but each grain must be cleaned, and the,
crevices and irregularities of each grain scoured,
thus securing i CLEAN, PURE FLOUR.
You can always depend upon the HOLLY FLOUR
being all right. For sale bj' .
THEO. H. QAVIES & GO. Limited
1 havojrs rKJJrL I
-vy Beer I
f Ifl HI , $ && LI AGENTS HONOLULU I
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
Is that which has been manufactured for the past fifteen
years exclusively by the
California Fertilizer Works
SAN FRANCESCO, OAL.
When purchasing be sure that in addition to the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is ou .every
sack, otherwise you will not be getting the genuine article.
A large stock of our Diamond A and our
XX HIGH-GRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly ou hand and for sale at San Francisco
prices, plus only freight and actual expenses,
By Our Hilo Agents,
L. TURNER CO-
Ilonnl of AkiIciiIIiiic (lire Infor
tunium 011 lluMiiet In llinuill.
Honolulu, June 2. Messrs. J. D.
Dole tind J. F Hrowti, of the Com
mittee on Agriculture, hnvc pre
pared a letter in answer to n main-
inquirer who seeks informa-1
tiou in regard to the facilities and
inducements in Hawaii in the ba
nana industry. At a meeting
recently the Hoard of Agriculture
and Forestry authorized the dis
patch of the letter which is, in part, ' gen.
as follpivs: j A smoky chimney is not only an
W. Lewis Kvans, Esq., Hacienda 1 indication ofloss, but is a nuisance
"La Philadelphia," Hanana 'without excuse in a highly eulight
River, Costa Rica, C. O. , entd community. We know where
in order to make the subject I of we speak, having had for our
clear to you we will at o ce explain I next do6r neighbor all winter a
that while the bulk of the Hawaii-
tin bananas arc grown ou the
island of Oahu, and shipped through
the port of Honolulu, apparently
the greatest opportunity for de
velopment of the business is on the
larger island of Hawaii. Bananas
ate now being shipped from Hilo to
San Francisco, and also from the
port of Kahului, on the island of
Maui.' From these points steamers
do not at present make regular
.sailings more frequently than once
a mouth, so the difficulty is chiefly
one ol transput tatiou. It is however!
unlikely that there would be any
difficulty in 'obtaining transporta
tion for bananas, once there were
large shipments available.
Parts of the five largest islands
arc adapted to bananas.
It is difficult tto say what the
average value of banana land is.
The Territorial Government has
disposed of such laud at from $2 to
$4 per acre, and from that up to
$20 or $40.
Avenge wages are about 75
cents per day. '
Labor employed is chiefly Jap
anese and Chinese, the former pre
dominating. These laborers- arc
transient, for the most part, and
consequently the labor supply is
somewhat uncertain, and at times
is rather .scarce.
Most of the bananas now shipped
from Honolulu are cither raised iu
the close vicinity to the city, and
hauled to the wharves fn wagons,
or are brought into town on the
Oahu Railway. Rate from Hono
lulu to San Francisco is forty cents
per bunch, from Hilo, forty-five,
The average weight of banana
bunches is estimated at from fifty to
eighty pounds, and the number of
hands will probably fall slightly
Bananas are raised all the way
from sea level to an elevation of
two or three thousand feet.
Climate excellent throughout the
Islands. There is little, if any
fever, except in low swamp land.
It isdoubtful ifsuitableland iu any
considerable amount can be had on
the island of Oahu, though there
are some lands that could be pur
chased, but would require irriga
tion, and would be held at not less
than $100 per acre.
There are no large syndicates
now engaged in the banana business.
Most of the fruit is ltowii by Chin
ese lessees of small hpldiugs.
At present the shipments of bana
nas are approximately as follows:
From Honolulu, 15,000 to 20,000
bunches per month; from Hilo,
3500 to 4500 bunches per mouth,
increasing; from Kahului, 1000 to
1500 bunches per month, recently
It is unlikely that a banana
planter could at present obtain em
ployment here as superintendent of
a banana plantation. Any opening
would have to be made by the
settler himself. We would recom
mend to you a personal inspection
of the field.
Vanzalen, June 2. The Japanese
are lauding another army of 50 000
Nagasaki, June 2. Transports
loaded with troops are leaving
western Japanese ports da ily.
St. Petersburg, June 2. General
Kuropatkiu telegraphs that the
situation is quiet at Fengwaugcheug.
The Japanese have evacuated
Saitnatsztt (Satnatki), which the
Russians have reoccupiel. There
is no change iu the situation at
either Newchwang or Kaihow.
I d'Ooil Advice 011 I'rrvnllliu; Annoy.
mice of Smoky (JlilitlurjH.
Dense clouds of smoke rolling
from a chimney signify that more
or less valuable fuel is escaping uti
Imrncd, and that either iiiMtflkient
air is being supplied or that the
gases have Ik come so chilled as to
check combustion. Thereareothcr
losses abo. An insufTicient air sup
ply usually means an escape of car
bon monoxide and unbunied oxy-
chimney which oucht to have been
taken iu charge by the smoke
spector some months ago.
What causes smoke? Just this,
and nothing more: Suppose the fire
is clean and iu good condition; the
fireman opens the furnace door and
covets that sure of the fire with a
layer of fresh coal, immediately re
piating the operation on the other
side. The entire surface of the file
is thus covered with a layer of fresh
coal. This is the time when ad
ditional air is needed to supply oxy
gen lor this sudden addition of fuel,
but this is just the time when an
additional supply of air cannot
reach the flames because the fresh
fuel has stopped up the air passages
through the grate. The result is a
If the fireman will put in two or
three shovelfuls on one side only,
leaving the other side with a bright
fire and his damper wide open,
there will be but little smoke; and
rwhat there is can be checked by
leaving the furnace door ajar about
an inch until the smoke burns off.
At the next firing let the other side
be treated in the same manner.
This method makes extra work for
fireman, to he sure, and is doubt
less the reason why there are so
many smoky chimneys.
There ate three fundamental
principles in smokeless firing: , A
thin bright fire, a good draft ahd
air over the fire immediately after
each firing. Some of the so called
automatic smoke preventers are
great aids iu securing perfect com
bustion, clean flues and rapid eva
poration, and this they accomplish
by supplying fresh air over the
grates after each firing. The
steam jets are started automatically
when opening the furnace doors, or
by hand, and at the same time a
flap on the door is opened for the
admission of nteam. After an in
terval of a minute or two both
steam and air are shut off automati
cally and the fire receives the neces
sary air" through the grate. The
steam jet alone has no value, but
serves only as a pump to draw in
the necessary air. The principle is
varying air supply to correspond to
the amount needed by the fuel.
Among the letters in the Idea
Exchange last month was a de
scription of an apparatus for ope
rating a steam jet. The device is
quite simple and any ingenious en
gineer should be able to make and
apply it or something like it him
self, thus obtaining better results
from the fuel consumed.
Newchwang, June 2. General
Stalkenberg with 14,000 Russians,
has marched south from Linoyang
in the direction of Wafantien.
A Danokkous Diskask. Kvey
one knows that cholera morbus is
one of the most painful and danger
ous diseases known to humanity.
The fact that it is so swift and so
often fatal iu its results makes it
more to be feared than almost ' any
I other malady. It often terminates
in death before a physician can be
summoned or medicine procured.
Attacks of cholera morbus come
unexpectedly and every family
should be prepared. Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Re
medy is a reliable and affective
medicine, and if given iu time will
prevent serious consequences. This
remedy never fails and is pleasant
to takrt. Kvery household should
have a bottle at hand. Get it today.
It may save a life. For sale by the
Hild Drug Co.
I SFf HITE ROCK '
1 WilA WATER
II ' fm VI I Sparkling and pure
I Ml' we'll it smack of its own. "
nM VD W C PEAC0CK & C0" Limited
J. C. Ohlamlt,
N. OHLANDT & CO.
Of Eoery Description.
Sulphate of Potash,
Sulphate of Ammonia,
, Alaska Fish Scrap,
High Grade Tankage.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
127 Market Street.
Certificate of Analysis accompanies our shipments, which we guarantee
to be correct.
K. Is. GUARD,
Agent for the Hawaiian Islands
ORDERS FILLED AT SHORT NOTICE
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail 8S. Go.
Steamer! of the above line running in connection with the Canadian Pacific Rail
wnv Company, It. C and Sydney, N. S. W., and calling at Victoria, U. C, Honolulu,
Suva and lirtsbane, Q.; are clUO at Honolulu on or about the dutch below
From Vancouver and Victoria B.C.
Kor Drishaiie, Q., and Sydney:
MIOWKRA JUNK 4
MANUKA ". J .MIA' a,
AORANGI JUIA' 30
The magnificent new service, the "Imperial Limited," is now running dailv
HKTWKRN VANCOUVKR AND MONTRKAL, making the run iu 100 hours,
without change. The finest railway service In the world.
Through tickets .ssued from Honolulu to Caunda, United States and Europe
I'or freight and passage, and all general information, apply to
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd., Cen'l Agts.
Enterprise Planing Mill Company.
GKO. MUM II Y, Mgr. Kkont ST., iu rear of Hilo Mercantile Co's Huildiug
Planing, Mouloiug, Scroll Work and all kinds of Turned Work, Window I'rames, etc
WATKR TAN.S A SPKCIALTV. Household and all kinds of Kurniture,
Store Pittings, Counters, etc., made to order. Cross-cut Saws re-toothed and
made as good as new, ut easy rates.
Manufacturer of School Seats, Chinch Pews, and Redwood Guttcm, nil sizes
" a "
OS n O .-
.22 i j '
o c a
m 5 r O flx S I
! 3 1 w 5 " '
I CO (DOT OO
""ZS :' wl
a -t1 '
" 3 2' I
2 ssi '
J. A. Buck
C. h. Uuck
and Oiui.kks in
Muriate of Potash,
Nitrate of Soda, -
Indiana & Yolo Sts
From Sydney, Brisbane (Q).
Kor Victoria and Vancouver, li. C:
MANUKA JUNK i
AORANGI JUNK 29
MIOWKRA JULY 27
Waiakea Boat House
R.A.LUCAS & CO., I'rop'rs.
WAIAKKA 11RIDGK, IIII.O
' HAVK NOW A l'l.KKT OK
and Small Boats
KOR PUniJC HIRK
1 assengers nud baggage taken to and
from vessels iu the harbor at reasonable
riites. Launches nud rowboats to hire
for private picnics nud inooijlight rides.
RING UP ON TELEPHONE
AOKNi'S FOR ,
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-stnrtcrand reversible engine. In
practicability it iscijual to t,he steam tu
gine. Sues from l)i h. p, upwards.
Iloals fitted with this engine or frames 01
auy sUe to order. I'or particulars apply
to K, A. LUCAS, Manager