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TIIU WKUKt.V IIII.O TRMUNtt, 1III.0. HAWAII, FRIDAY, JUNK a., 1904.
FIRST BANK OF HILO
luonfpnnitetl I'mler lite Avr of llie
Territory l Hawaii.
riUCOCKN IILOCK, HILO.
I. PMCK lfwUt.
Q. li. KlWHHItV . .. I'm
JrtllJ T. .MOTM..MII lf-Prr
c. srninin cimwm
Tlir. C. HIIOTWAt, ttlity
J. . emri, John J ttincc,
II. V. I'fltltn,
W. II niilini(ili
Uruw Uxchuiie cm
The Itmik of Hnwiiii. Ltd lloimluli
WelK Forgo '.t Co. llatik...S.in FihiicNci
Wollt. Parjio it Co'h Hank New Vorl
The National Hunk of the Kc- '. t'liicnRii
niyiin, Mill, Currie fc Co London
Hongkong. Shanghai Hank- ( Hongkong
ling Corporation ) China.
llougknneShiluglmi Hank- ), Shanghai,
ing Corpoiiitimi ) Chum.
. ..1 1 1 11 ..1 ) Yokohama
llongkoiig-SlMnglnii Hank- (. nwX ,
lug Corporation j Jnm.
, SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Ueuled hy Hie Month 01 War. Tar
ticularii 011 Application.
Open from 5 A.M. to 11 P.M.
( WINES AND
At Moderate Trices.
Mixki) and Fancy Drinks
Honolulu Primo Beci
Ten Cents a Class
J. G. SERRAO,
Hatson Havigation Co.
The only Diietl Line between San Fran
cisco and llilo. Comprising the
following Fast Sajlers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bark RODERICK DIIU
Bark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tuz CHAS. COUNSELMAN
villi other Specially Chartered vessels
makes this trip with nt least one of thesi
boats each month, canying both Freight
For dales of sailing and term!),
no. I). Spreeltels & Bros. Go,
,1J7 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. GUARD, Agent,
4 '1 tit I .armit Ttnnnrl rfc. n!
ft ' -! -
Also, Iieahrs 111 Inies, Orange's,
Apples I.ciui.ii" Limes, Potatoes,
Onions and All kinds of Nuth
L. C. 1.RESOVICH CO.
Sin Fi.uielsro. - luliforiua
HACKS A SPECIALTY
SriUCTI.Y PIRST-CI.ASS WORK
Fornnrh with Kivirside Simp.
Ponohnw al and Volcano Sta
IIII.O SMAM, IWU.MIM'.
M I1.1I U Hi.' I'nwin'Pl for Ihr .Small
I'n nn i' r I '
The following interesting essay
deliicred hy Jeremiah Joshua, o.ne
of this year's graduates of the I Mo
Hoarding School, ghes an instruc
tive account of the cxpetiments in
small fat miti; carried on at that in
stitution: It is not my purposejin this paper
,to speak of the great production of
the Hawaiian Islands the sugar
cane. Tint lias been studied
horoughly hy the planleis through
heir scientific men and their ex
periment stations. Instead, it is
my puipose to speik of the possi
bilities lor a man who has .sin ill
funds and desires to do fanning 011
.1 small scale.
.Small lai tiling has been tried re
peatedly mid in many cases has
irovul a failure while in oth'rs it
has succeeded. I.ct us look nl
uune of the causes for these failures
mil see if we can find any remedies.
The causes seem to be first, the
condition of the soil, second, the
ignorance of the firmer, third, the
the many pes s which infest thee
islands, and the fourth the expense
if transportation and the lack of a
reidy ninrkefTor any large amount
' if produce.
' Xnw in regard to the soil, one
may discover by analysis ami ex
periments what plant foods are
licking. The small farmer seldom
has the' outfit for making such ana
lysis hut thcGoverment Kxperiment
Station will assist him in this and
he can ham from practical ex
periments. The station will also
give information as to what chemi
cals and fertilizers had best be ttsid
to convert the elements alieidy in
the soil into a form whi h cm he
taken up by the plants.
Ilereatthe llilo Hoarding School
wi are planting.'! great deal o taro.
Some of our fields are destitute of
bod lor the taro because we are
planting the same crop year after
This year we are planting beans
and cow peas in one of our fields
because the leguminous plants take
nitrogen from atmosphere and store
it in the si il. Nitrogen is one
of the most important elements
for plant food and one of the most
expensive elements in Artificial
fertilizers. We are doing this in
order to replace cheaply an element
which has already been taken out
by the previous crops.
Another difficulty which must be
int with, in every line of agricul
ture is the loss of plant food
o:cas.sioned by the physical con
dition of the locality. Nearly all
the agricultural districts in the
islands are located on decided slopes,
over which heavy rains wash carry.
ing off a large amount of the richest
soil. ,This is one reason why there
is the constant necessity of fertiliz
ing and with it, a consequent in
crease of the expense to the farmer.
In some localities il is not so much
the poor soil as it is the lack of
moisture. For the moisture quick
ly trickles through this porous
lava soil. Again there are other
localities where the rains are not
abundant, and flumiug and irrigat
ing become a necessity. In these
places the chances for the small
firmer, with out a water-right, are
It follows then that the farmer
must fully inform himself, regard
ing the conditions of the soil, the
time to plant the different kinds of
Tops, the kind of plants best
adapted to the climate, the kind
and amount of fertilizers to use,
and how to deal with the various
Different crops must be treated
with different fertilizers. A fertili
zer which would produce a good
crop of taro, may not produce a
good ci op of pine apples and
Thiee yearsngo wecxperiiuented
I at the school upon a field of taro,
j which was divided intoten sections.
And each section was treated
Nine months later, on pulling
the taro we found the largest ield
to I e from the section which was
neated with stable maiiuie applied
both before and after planting.
From this section we pulled fa'j
jibs of tnro. Tlu next hugest yicltl ,
was iroiu nie section wlueli was
lrcaU( wMt sla)k, mmillte applied
onlj before planting, yielding fioJ-S
ll)s. In those two experiments one
with one application nud the other
with two there was a difference of
only 2 lbs. While the ashes
apple I once produced almost the
same amount, namely, 60 lbs. The
poorest yield of 26- lbs was from
the section Heated with lime.
This last year we tried another
experiment upon a small patch of
taro using (our different kinds of
fertilizers. They were stable ma
nure, artificial fertilize, wood
ashes and lime.
Hefore we planted the htilis, we
put in the makaluas stable liinutuc,
a little lime, and a coni late aiti-
ficial fertilizer. A few. mouth's
after we Intel planted the htilis, we
applied artificial fertilizer again,
and the taro grew lapidly and, pro
duced a good crop. Hut on weigh
ing the same, we found il had
fallen a little short of that produced
by our experiment of tine yars
ago. I said in the beginning that
much information can be obtained
from the Kxperiment station but
yet, I believe what I heard one ol
the small boys reciting al seho 1
"Work and learn at firsi hand lik
a man. The best way to know is
liven after the fanner has caie
fully studied his soil and used wise
ly his'fertilizers, his'U'troubles are
not ended, for'.ihe pests ate still
with him. However, we may s.iy
right here that the plai ts which
are healthly and thrifty are the best
able to withstand the attacks of
the various insect pests. There
are many different kinds of pests
which afilict the different kinds of
crops, in tact, tuere are out lew
plants except the pineapples which
are free from enemies. Reports
from the farmers throughout these
islands to the Agricultural Iixperi-
mental Station, say, that the pests
are increasing. To show you how
ranidlv the leaf homier. ha inciMsedcood investment for a man with
,-.-.., - -.-. (-- - -- - -"----- '
during the past year. One of the
sugar planters reports that he lost
$50,000011 the last years crop on ac
count of this pest alone.
Here on the Islands the pests
have every opportunity to increase
rapidly because we have no winter
to kill them out. Scientific men
have found different ways of de
One way already mentioned is to
. . . ...
keep your plants in good condition
The second way is to use the vari
ous poisons, called "Insecticides."
This requires both time and ex
pense, but, the farmer who is de
termined to succeed will not stop
on that account.
All sorts of crops have been tried
by different farmers with varying
success, we can look at but a few
The experiments thus far in the
pineapple industry areencoiiraging.
For selling this product on the
Mainland, either in the fresh or
canned state, it has thus far been
made to pay. There are two can
aries in operation and several
planned or in process of construc
tion on the island of Oahu. There
are about 3,000 acres covered with
pineapples on that island. In fact,
most of the pineapples are raised
there. Pineapples grow at any ele
vation up to 1,500 feet above the
level of the sea. This crop needs a
rainfall of from 40 to 60 inches an
dually. The laud must be plowed
to the depth of 10 to 12 inches and
thoroughly cultivated. The shoots
are planted four feet apart and also
planted in rows. And the soil be
tween the rows must be kept in
good condition and free from weeds.
F.ach shoot may piodnce fruit fori
about two years. 1
Mr. W. Goodhue of Chicago re- Cjioi.ijua Infantum. This has
cently spoke of the possibilities for , long been regarded as one of the
the small farmer in Hawaii. Com-1 most dangerous and fatal diseases
paring the Hawaiian pineapples , to which infants are subject. It
with those raised in Cuba and the , can be cuied, however, when pro
Bahamas, he said, "Their's aie pet ly treated. All that is necessary
little scrubby things against your
beauties. Over there they manage
to make 2 Y cents apiece. If the
Hawaiian pineapples reached the
Chicago market they would sell f'ir
$1 apiece. The little fellows of the
Hahamas are not to be ranked with
the fine pines, I saw at Wahiawn."
The chances of making a piofit-
nlle industry in Imnftiins iiImi look
encouraging, iiitnaiius require a ;
rich soil, hlh temperature and
nhtiudnut laiufull or itrigatinti.
Thf Chiiiuse banana is the b si ex-1
port variety on those Islands. '
These arc set fen feel tip 11 1 and the j
ground between them must be kepi
in good condition, free from weeds,
and well fertilized. These suckers'
will biing forth fruit in fiomiStoi
24 months. Hauauas are selling in !
Sail Francisco market 11 1 from $1.25
to $2 50 per bunch. liven at a
lower rate there is a very good
margin of piollt. The growing c f
this crop although already large is
being rnp'.dly extended.
Sisal was introduced into thes.c
Islands by Dr. Heniy Ferine i . the
year 1893. The sisal is laigely
grown on the Island of Oalitt. It
grows belter on the poor soil than
on the rich. st has been raised
I successfully on the poorest soil of
I tbi K.lvn Siin.nr Plniitnlintt. A
.... ....... .-..r,... - ...v...
machine was invented for preparing
the fibres. This crop is icady to
harvest at the end of three years.
After the fust harvest, v crop may
be harvested every six months clur-;
nig four to eight years, or until the !
plant throws up its flower stalk.
They have tried making paper in
Honolulu, using the parts of the
plant which are not good for rope 1
fibre. Without proper machinery !v
the results were nevertheless en
couraging, as they have produced .1 j
grayish white paper somcwhit the
oiialitv of blotlintr tinner. It is be-1
lieved that v th proper machinery
a fine note paper ct 11 be manufac
tured from the refuse sisal. A few'
bales have been stnt to the Coast to j
be experimented upon.
.The Hawaiian Si ml Co. have a 1
showing of 200 tons for this year's (
crop, which will net Si 65 per ton'
in San Francisco ;
Coff-e has been largely raised in
the districts o" Haiuakua, Kona
and Olaa. In sonic districts coffee
has been successful, while in others 1
it has proved a failure. So far, the
experiment about llilo is not prom
ising as ihe expense of gathering
the crop exceeds the pmcee'ls when
the coffee is sold. It is a crop
which requires five years to mature
and considerable expense during,
ti,js ,,,. to i.,.,, jt ; 0ier. Thus
far, we cannot mention coffee as a
A mill was established on the
Island of Oahu for the manufactuie
of castor oil from beans locally
grown. This crop has been successfully-raised
on that island. The
yield averages about a half ton an
nually. A plant will be at full
bearing at the end of three or four
The pfddticliou of vegetables for
the use of the home market is al-
"'.U:1V c,m,,:, ,'" "" u,,Hl" 'V
Chinese and Japanese. Ihev
rf-h ii rt4afelB I lik lrtal i Al-
raise principally cabbages, potatoes
melons, beans, eggplants, tomatoes,
radishes, and lettuce. These far
metsare settled in the diffeient
parts of the islands, very few are
making a paying business of it, be
cause each of these p'atits has its
own enemy. These pests are the
melon fly, which attacks the water
melon, and the poko worms, which
attack the beans, potatoes, etc.
The mealy bug and the black blight
which attack the fruits.
If the farmer will intelligently
and carefully study what products
are best adopted to the climate and
his locality, if he perseveres in the
proper use of the insecticides and
proper fertilizers, then small farm
ing need not he a failure. '
The conditions are brighter for
Hawaii nei since a steimer runs ili-1
rect to the coast carrying the pro
ducts. If the farmers would make .
it uecccsary by raising more pro-1
duces then more steamers would
These islands need the middle i
class the small fanners. 1 hey
iionil iwni1r wlin llfllif. i.llnrfru null
........ J...WJ..W ,, ..v. ....... ....... j,., ".'
it..t .i.ifl ...l.r. lm?, -. t r i..,i .1
Mini .I11VI ,, MIS VIV..1III. tw Wt.ll II
farm and work it themselves, jj
Such a laboring class would en-'n
courage the poor Hawaiiaus to 1
farm their own land as the for- M
eiguers do. Since most of the
Hawaiiaus own a little land oftheir
own, and when they see that their
while brother works his fai in sue-
cesstully they will be encourage lo
do the same.
J. J. II. MAMJS.
i is lo give Chamberlain's
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy and I
castor oil as directed, with each i
' bottle, and a cure is certain. Since '
this remedy has come into such j
geneial use, theie are very few
deiths f 10,111 cholera infinitum, and
none whatever when jt is given.
For sale by llilo Drug Co.
IIvn coitiliilxnrrt in Av, ,'m
rllla I! I in ln't'ii rttrtpK n- 1 ' i . I
lirt!t nf tlii Moil. I fur itvir.' i'.
I' It tin' HTvutost family in il,
tin- W'.ilii. It pitrltl.- . :ru' 1 1
uurichos, buihls up.
Mr. c or,-' '' Kuitaln, et Mt. Tan'.
A'lMra.i t, .11, j 1 .4 1 Mct-iim urn! uj.
I.imiihI..;; Ill' 1 ,
"Hi ..!.- vl t '.'if 1 f it-. -mn. Mi li
unit lnl tU in i)..,.i',- iii . i.'iiin
H'wr. I ti"ilMi . ' I-.1 nl li'ii.Plll -,
vmi'itu 1 Jll.'i, 1 r, 'iku ii ''f in'
lyl, 1!- nl 111. l.oriv u.i .inv. Mr incimIi
t ,1 1 111 1 t'.'ti tr .i - t-iWi'ii.lii '
I Irao-' ill ::, I ill. I i. I I' Hi.- iriir'i, 1 ill t
lull llHO HI'll II liitl.1i) liil' ill l'f I .1"' tr I
f- I (I'lil. !'.'.!l H I H III !I it nil lTI..,l
I 'mi ml ili.it uiiiTtiliH im1 Im. Hi.1 m 1 .
r I'ru Ih'i'i riliii? tn tlfiH'ir il t'.nk ,i'
l.t Inn ht l-i inil.i) . iiiniiilclo run'. 1
M 1 1 1- nmv inTfi'i'iiVftiixitli. riluot.ltr.iw
il.. 1 June nl my foiiucr ,i mli, ,"
'1 Iiimii nr i ii i'
t'r ..r.'J ' I),- J.
. Illl 'TluTI 1-
Ji. h f AiT
a; w.iDt ji,".. '.,t
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
In effect July 13, 1903.
Passenger Trains-, IJxcept Sunday.
I A.M. I' M.
n r 9:301 6:00
.arl 9:101 5:30
ar Kenan arl
a M. p.m. I SUNDAY.
H:oo 3:.V',lv Hilo at
8:20, 3:5onr...01na Mill...nr
:3p :oonr Kea.iul....ar
8:45 j;isnr... I'emdali; ...ar
0:00 .i:viir..Mouiit. V'v..lv
1 1 :jo .
lv 11110 ar
i.ir l'alioa nr
ar rtilia lv
A M I
.lv lino ar
, nr.Olnn Mill...ar.
...i.ir P.ihoa nr'..
... ar..P.iho.i Juucari.
...' 11 Puna lv .,
Exclusion tickets between all points
me sold on Si!utdny mil Sund'iyi, good
rciiu.iiUi;, iiiiui tiic lollowiug .Milium
Commutation tickets, good for twenty-
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
V. II. I.AMIU'RT,
! UM IR1AIM Ri Pfl I ll
Willi. U. W VX UU., LLU.
j Sugar Factors,
Sole Agents for
Motional Cane Shredders,
, Ai,,x. rniS(. o s , c ...,,. p..n
iind Coffee Fertilizers.
SF.I.I.S Till! ItHST
At Cheapest Prices. New Stoek K.ich
Mouth. Small 1'iolils.
Front St., Sprockols' Block KM
I " i
i l.i n i im 11 1 .1 looiI -t.tson to m
l.Ni t -l im II I ,1 K"M1 -I.IMHI to
own mid ne n i.iimciii II nlli'iils
conitaiit ilmtsion and hits a lefln
in bikI e'liieatiniial infhieiiec.
Tin re Hie tlloilsiudi of uiKerll
tliitiKs hIkhii yon now whieb a
riimrrii will help Mill to see; it
openii oni-'s ejus.
We entry sneh nn extensive
vatietj oreiuiieni thnl we ran suit
any one ai to (futility mid prire.
The inexpensive emui'ttm do really
good win k nud Hither than denv
ourself cmnern experience il is
iicllir lo statt with a cheap one
nud buy n better otie when you are
able. Drop in and let us show you
the orioit' sljles.
Prices rango form
SI.OO to $35. OO
H. L. SHAW, Manager
Draught Deor IO Cents
When you need a drink call
at the KEYSTONE, corner
Front and Ponohawai streets.
A first class line of
always on hand.
ILO HitET (10.,
Telephone No. 39.
Bkic:f, ST. - IIll.O, II. f
Pacific Meat Market
Front St.. IIii.o, II. I,
Choice Cuts of
POULTRY of all Kinds
FRESH ISLAND BUTTER
Fine Fat Turkeys.
. . Sucking Pigs..
Hilo Electric Light Co., Ltd.
Nouses Wired and
In iieeoidauce with the rules ol the Na
tional Hoard of Fire Underwriters.
A coinplet" stock of
Fixtures, Shades. Table, Ilcd and Desk
Lamps, etc., always 011 hand.
Fan Motors . . . $id
Fan Motors, swivel name, 8
Sowing Machine Motor 20
Powei tor operating them ft n month
lnstallatii.il ehmgiil extra.
Estimates furnished on all classes of
Hlectrical Work mid Contracts taken to
install apparatus complete.
PACIFIC TRANSFER CO.
Handle and Store HAflflAflE
I 120 KINC ST. HONOLULU M
Phone, Main 5 ' M
myywi f t hk