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HAWAII, TUnsbAY, SttPTKMBUk ao, ton..
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" -.mj.M..- . B .-:iHMlMiAUBBr. & i M IMHIUHUMUV
Built Me Up !H0W WIRELESS
II mi xni boon ill'1 Art) ynti still
u -ik mill dluniirngtiil? lo not net
inigtli us fust us you think you
j-' lit ' Then tuku u good toulo,
Mtniritlilni: that will ulil your dltfos
lion uiul Imlld you up quickly.
Hern li a letter from Mr. It. llirtliolnmow,
,lr, Mi. l'oiicn,H.i.Aintrutl.i. IIiiiI9iiciiIi
" Aflfr a rry sevcro attack of rliMitiutli
fpvi-r I w in Ivftlna very weak cumlitluii. It
liinsl lli.it I roiild nut iKHMiny l'lin
l I'onlil i'i't nit lipfn from aiiv
I ltd mire tji.il unk'ns tlii'tu li.nl
I oi'ii u i'Iiiiiki JHt at Hut tliuu I ruiilil nut
lini- rt'. hi red. Hut a friftiil nl iiiliieli.nl
1 1 1. fti Ajer'it HinupirllU ami knew wlut a
ili niltil tunic It w is Kh lie urgei! mo to try
It I i'jii now tliltlifillly nay tliat 1 felt Ix-tler
i ipiiatter lli tint (line. Itnceliieil to Inillil
Hie rlKlitnp from the Mry start, aint iu a
Km ui-ils my recoicry was complete."
Ilium urn many Imitation Barsaiiarllbs.
Vriiniptly ntrniet any teiiilenry to conjtl
l.u.iiiiir liillciunis. A yer' Villi nro sugar
ru.i'ril, u.isy to take, ill 11 J Iu action.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Aytr Co., Lowell, Mm., U. S. A.
Fur Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
Sill I'M AN Strkkt
Open from s A.M. to it P.M.
At Moiknite Prices,
Mixun and Fancy Dkinks
I The Celebrated
Honolulu Primo Beer
Ten Cents a Class
J. G. SERRAO,
Matson navigation Go.
riti only Direct I.iue between San Fran
cisco uiul Hilo, Comprising the
following Past Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Hark RODERICK DHU
Hark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tuc CHAS. COUNSELMAN
itil other Specially Chartered vessels
in.ikes this trip with nt leabt one of ,these
bouts e.ich month, carrying both Freight
l'or elates of sailing and terms,
110. D. SpreclielS & Bros. Co,
327 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. OUARI), Agent,
Hi 1.0 Hawap
The 1,'irgest Importers of
Also, Dealers in Dales, Oranges,
Apples Lemons, Limes, Potatoes,
Onions and All Kinds of Nuts.
L. C. SRESOVICH CO.
Sun Piaiieisco. California
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GIRIMIU Ri Pfl I Til 'intention of the British fleet, for .distance, it was believed was too plek of these three men the Wire
. Ill Villi U UU., Llll, tj,e officers inspecting the press great for the direct transmission of less telegraphy has become an ac-
Si urn V Factors
nilgai 1 clClOlb,
Sole Agents for
ValiuiKil Cane Shredders,
Alex. Crass & SonV Sugar Cane
and Coffee Fertilizers.
IN WAR AND IN HAWAII.
Successful Employment of Wireless Telegraphy in
Modern Warfare An Explanation of Its Principles
-The Difficulties Surrounding Its Introduction
Untiring Labors of Manager Cross and Others.
Tlie recent successful use of wire
less telegraphy in the Russo-Japanese
war iu the transmission of war
news ftoni Fort Arthur ami other
points in the war zone, has created
a renewed interest iu theimpoitance
of this method of communication in
modern warfare as well as in the
commercial world. Japan has been
especially piogressive iu the utiliza
tion of the wireless and makes toe
boast that they are the first to use
wireless telegtaphy in war. Great
Britain claims the honor of being
the first nation to use telegraphy
in warfare, and besides the field
telegraph and telephone set vice em
ployed by the Japanese in the war
now in progress, they have an ex
tensive system of wiieless which
has taken a prominent pait in
Japan's naval operations.
The navy of nearly every nation
is now equipped with wireless out
fits and the military authorities of
the world are equipping their most
important forts with the most prac
ticable systems procurable. Wire
less outfits are also made a part of
the signalling system for land use.
The apparatus for this purpose is
cartied in two carts, consisting of a
stiull engine, current generator, re
ceiving and transmitting apparatus.
Kites or balloons are utilized in
stead of poles which are not port
able and the results have been most
Wireless systems have been in
stalled on nearly all large ocean
going steamers, which can be put
into communication with the instill-
ments of many light house stations
and light ships. Several of the
press boats now plying in Korean
waters are equipped with wireless
instruments and have proven im
portant adjuncts to the speedy
transmission of war news. The
shore station to which the wireless by opening and closing the key as
war news is transmitted and thencan ordinary Morse telegraph kev is
cabled to various parts of the world, operated, the train of waves is
is situated on a cliff east of Wei- ( broken into what would correspond
hai-wei, in North China. The to dots and dashes of the ordinary
height of the wireless staff is about ' telegraph code,
one hundred and fifty feet or three A great deal depends upon the
hundred feet above sea level. This generator of the oscillations and the
affords a wide range of operation, height and arrangement of the
and messages are frequently ex- poles bearing the vertical wires. It
changed between boats and shore is believed that the greater the
at a distance ranging from ten to height of the vertical wires and the
one hundred and fifty miles. (.increased power ol the generator,
At the time that Russia an-' the longer the circuit over which
nounced that correspondents em-'messages can be transmitted. There
ploying wireless telegraphy in the are a number of systems of genera
war zone would be treated as spies, ! tors in vogue some of which are re
the London Times despatch boat I garded as better than others. Nearly
Haimun was on the Korean coast J every nation has a system of its
and received the interesting infor- own. In the United States there
mation by a wireless message, are the De Forest and Fcssendeu
Subsequently when the vessel was systems; in Great Britain, the Mar
overhauled bv the Russian warship coni and Lodge-Muirhead systems,
Hayau within twelve miles of Fort 'which have been consolidated into was that the company should lay a
Arthur, the war correspondent I what is called the Siemetis-Halske direct l"d telegraph from the wire
nimnni cm,) n wimlpss dismtch to i wireless systems: ill France, the ''ess station at Mahukona to Hilo.
j,v i j j ej,i,ty.five miles dis -
I, , 110tifvinir the: station there of
I t)ejr aagCr amj requesting that
I the operator ashore
the com -
, tnander of the British fleet and the
London Times, in the event he did
not hear from the press boat within
three hours. Shortly 11 reply cams i which was originally installed here j and Puako.
I from the Wei-hai-wei operator the spring 1900. The Inter-j Much credit for the success ol
'stating that the commissioner audi Island Telegraph Company, of j the Wireless is due to W. R. Far
J the British commander had been j which Mr. F. J. Cross is manager (rington and Clinton J. Hutchins,
I notified and the fleet were getting entered into a contract with Mar-' who by their unflagging faith in the
! up steam, adding "and that is no , coni whereby he was to install a j project have given Manager Cross
! dream." Kither the instrument on complete wireless system on five of1 their hearty cooperation when all
I the Russian vessel detected the 'the islands, viz. Kauai, Oahu, .others withdrew from the enterprise.
' message or received notice of the! Molokai, Maui and Hawaii. The I To the patience, perseverance and
boat were huriiedly recalled and
' the Russian warship steamed away
Imfnrf llw nrrtvfll
file greatest difficulty in the
practical use of wireless telegraphy
has been the "interference'' of
signals from other wiieless stations poor generators, coiurannlcitloii j , ;ese ,., ns pr0gre,ve
01 instruments. Onl recently at with the various stations was not j community, commercially andother
Honolulu the wireless operator obtained and the relays were short-I wise,
.UirfUu-' ; wi .: J& J 1
there picked up the U.S. S, "Sc
lace," two hundred miles off port,
but owing to messages arriving at
the same time from island stations,
nothing could could be made of the
jumble. This difficulty, however,
it is believed can be remedied by
by an atrangement of the wirelcw
circuits which is called "tuning."
That is, ihe.instruinentsof one cir
cuit will be so adjusted that they
will respond only to instruments
An instructive article appears in
the August number of .Review of
Reviewsupon "Wireless Telegraphy
To-day" by William Mover, Jr., to
which we are aie indebted for much
of the iulormation contained iu this
Wireless telegraphy is the trans
mission of intelligence at a distance
by electrical waves without wires.
Guglielmo Marco was the first to
announce the discovery nbOut ten
yeais ago, although prior to that
date there had been several fairly
successful attempts at communi
cation without wires, by means of
induction between parallel systems.
In its simplest form the electrical
oscillations arc generated iu a
vertical wire by an induction coil
or other electrical generator. The
electric wates are radiated into free
space and are transformed into
electrical ooscillutions iu a similar
vertical wire at the receiving station,
where they are detected by very
sensitive instruments. An ordinary
telegraph key is employed iu send
ing the messages. While the key
j is passive there is a continuous
traiu of electric current or os
cillations maintained iu the verti
cal wire and a corresponding train
of electric waves radiated therefrom.
When the key is opened the os
cillations and waves cease. Hence
! Ducretel and other systems. in
I Russia, the Popoff system and in
! Japan a wireless system has been
developed, tlie inventors ol winch
1 arc not definitely known.
I the Hawaiian Islands there is
i operation the Cross system, or a
i modification of the Marconi system
messages and a system of relays
! was established. A station was
LBti1iwi,p,i n n.,i nin..i
' . . . , , I
. Head, a second station was located'
nt Keoinuku on the is'aud of Lanai
and a third nt Mahukona, Hawaii.
, Kither from faulty installation or
1'ttf...'. u:.a. ,'fii,'; flfrjfr
eued by putting iu two stations,
lone at the lighthouse on
iiiui uiiijiiii:! in .illlKCli;
flllltllltlM mI f..1.....
Again failure met llieexperiinenters, i
mid in November, njoo, another
(expert arrived, who proceeded to
shift the stations and masts. This
proved effectual in a way for com
munication was set up between the
islands and continued iu a crippled
state for about a year, when it was
closed down by the company for
unreliability of the service.
It .seemed as though iu Hawaii,
where the conditions were most
favorable to the pructic.il demon
stration of the wireless system, the
efforts of Marconi and his repre
sentatives had proved a failure.
Then it was that the undaunted
courage and faith of Cross, in the
feasability of a practical system as
serted itself. He made several
trips to the states to learn what he
could iu regard to wirel ess teleg
raphy and its improvements.
Returning Mr. Cross took up the
work of experimenting himself and
perfected a coherer which has proved
successful in continuous actual use
ever since. This is the result of
the most trying endeavor on Mr.
Cross' part, and he has worked
night and day with the result that
he has a detector coherer in use at
each receiv ng station which is an
improvement upon all others here
tofore iu the field. Roth the re
ceiving andtransmittingiiistrumen s
have been brought to a high degree
of perfection, and with the relo
cation of the stations, the system is
as nearly perfect as it is possible to
The Waialae (Diamond Head)
station on Oaliti has been changed
to Barber's Point, from which
station it is possible to communicate
with Kauai, I.auai, Molokai, Maui
and Hawaii direct. The old Lanai
and Molokai stations have been
abandoned and auxiliary stations
established which communicate with
Lahaina. Besides these minor
stations, the system now con
sists of principal stations nt Barber's
Point, Oahu; Nawiliwili, Kauai,
Lahaiua, Maui, and Puako, Hawaii.
Messages are transmitted direct
from Oahu to Hawaii, and the
other stations are only used to
handle the business of the respective
islands. Formerly a message in
tended for Hawaii was subject to
four relays, first to Molokai, thence
to Lauai, thence to Makena, Maui,
and finally to Hawaii. The new
arrangement inaugurated by Man
ager Cross dispenses with these in
termediate stations so far as direct
messages are concerned, and the
instruments are so adjusted as
to "interfere" with the other
The Wireless in Hawaii is now
oraganized on a substantial basis,
but owing to the great expense to
which the Inter-Island Telegraph
Company have been put, to perfect
the system, without government
aid the venture would not be a
success. At the last session of the
Territorial legislature, a subsidy
(appropriation of $t,ooo per mouth
was passed for the continuance of
the service. One of the .conditions
I This was done by the Inter-Island
; Telegraph Co. but owing
change of the Hawaii station to
( nuiKo, me amnuonai instance nas
not been covered the entire
j NVhen this is complete the company
will have control of their own
telegraph with operators iu
'cotnplished fact in Hawaii and the
s'slem j" . operation unsurpassed
1 . Hi'Perionty by any other system
u vogue. The scientific experts
0f the various Kovernmeuts who
1 have inspected the service
1 voicing this sentiment, and tin
. tfa f --'j rilin j-iHiLr S
MoSiThe Delicacies of the
can be had clay
AX lMl'ltt-MIVK CKItr.MOXY.
SrrrMnry Atkinson Feelingly Tells
of the Art of Piii'doiilng.
There was a dramatic scene when
Secretary "Jack" Atkinson stood
iu the Hilo jail yard tecently before
the prisoners who were drawn up
iu line, and read the petitions to two
Porto Ricaus who had received ex
"It was an impressive proceeding
to me," said the Secretary in telling
the circumstances to a group of
friends, "and it must have been to
some extent lo the prisoners when
they saw their two comrades step
out of their ranks as fiee men.
iien of their
"I had told Sheriff Andre
I intended to notify the men
paruons oy puuncly reading
Governor's proclamations to that
effect. There were Hawaiiaus, Ch
nese, Japanese and Porto Kicaus in
line, each nationality having its own'
"The two men had not been give
any idea that their freedom was so
near. A woman who had been in-,
teresting herself for mouths to have ,
the men pardoned, had been sent
for, and she came into the enclosure
knowing nothing of the success of
her etuleavois. When the pardons'
were lead a silence deep as the1
grave fell upon the assemblage, and i
the Porto Ricaus looked startled
when they were asked lo step for-'
ward. After a few words to them. Draught Boor IO Cents
in which I dwelt upon the oppor-1 , ..
lunity in life now offered them, I When you llecd a drink call
they started, from habit, back tojat the KEYSTONE, corner
their places iu the line. When they j , '
actually realized they were free, rout aud Pouohawai streets.
men, they almost became dumb and
the woman went into hysterics.
"I know this, that the whole as-!
scmblage of prisoners was affected
by the proceedings, for it made
them all fell that they had not been
Maul Republicans. ,
I.ahaina, Maui, Sept. 7. The !
Third District convention at its
session here yesterday completed
the work of naming the Republi
can ticket for the islands of Maui
At the morning session Hon.
Sam Kalama and A. N. Hayselden
were nominated for the Senate by a
unanimous vote. In the afternoon
the Representatives from the
different districts were named as
follows: Moses K. Nakuina, of
Molokai; P. Pali, of lahaiua; W.
J. Coelho, of Wailuku; G. Copp, of
Makawao; J. Kalino of Hamakua
poko aud Haia, of Haua.
V A AM ..-
SKM.S Till? IH?ST
At CheAjiest Prices. New Stock l?aeh
Mouth. Small Profits,
Front St., Sprockets' Block
iitBiiiiifibitrt",1'11 ; t1--"'
and night at
It is now recognized that nearly
nil diseases, esjieeially those ol an
iicute character, are due to germs.
The serins are leverywhere. No
amount of caution or ordinary
cleansing can get rid of them. It
is necessary, esjieeially nl this
lime of year, that disinfectants
and germicides be freely used
about the home. All niuks.'drains,
closets, dark and damp placet
should have attention. 'e carrv
..n ti H..I.I.. .ii. ... . .'
odorizers and germicides. If in
,loubt t.,,, to wlml lo Us: for any
,Mrliclllar j)Urpose we cn aMe
ii me ii-iiiiihc iiiMiiieciauis, lie-
a n j ta tj Q n j
sn'i H. L. SHAW. Manama
A first class line of
always on hand.
HILO MARKET CO.,
Telephone No. 39.
Bumnit St. - Hilo, H. I
Front St., Hii.o, II. I,
Choice Cuts of
1 Beef, Mutton,
1 Pork, Veal.
POULTRY of all Kinds
F FRESH ISLAND BUTTER
. . Sucking
t CRESCENT CITY
The Old Reliable Stand is
Kit7orN honed, Scissor.s mid all edged
tools perfectly ground. Satisfac
'" - ') h ''" '.