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THE WEEKLY HILO TRIIH'NE, HILO, HAWAII, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1904.
the Skin DR- RUSSL lectures
ON CHINA, THE RIDDLE.
fni I'liiitint Iwvn ti 1 tr:ir ami smooth
s1 'i uiili'is tlio blind Is pure.
liil)'litM, i-ruptluiis, inslipn. pimples,
il kIiou Iihw 1 1 1 1 J 1 1 1 u tlio llloird must
(ii'l nil linpiitilli's nut of your
UUhhI littfniu you uiu seriously III.
r,vyti T c"flKx)jlk
China's Conservatism The Mission of Civilization in
the Far East The Open Door is The Solution ofjjpnt to him the same
(I.. D1.1nn, rk!nn. 'Inrlttetnl CnKnm Q1n nf "YcS, tllCy do
1 me ri uvtuiii uiuiicw uiuuauiui uti uuni wiuv.
Theic was a select
1 guished gathering at
1 Mr. ami Mrs. Levy
1 Tuesday night to listen
the home of
to the lee-
ulation nlwnv.s was and tetnains
Mln Durotliy M.ilicr.nr t'ltzrny, Victoria,
duiiilt Iht hotiit;r.iili nml tlih letter i
"I I111I a trrrllilo erupt Ion nn my f.icr,
uliMi w.n of .i pry Irritating nature. I trieil
iii.my IiIihmI incilli'liio', lint nltlmtit roller,
1 ilemli tolil 11m to tryAjer'n N.irMi.irlll.i,
its It was a inot f.unmn lilnoil retneilv. I illil
bo, nnilnUi-r Ukliiiriinlv two liotlli'nl lirc-ui
to eo ;i envtt t'liinue. lly tin limn tli tlilril
li'ittlt .i ueil tlio eruitlon Iml entirely
ilKtii:ireil,:iiiit itlioii t le.ivlnj; niiurkim
lilt t:iee I am wt rprtlvttpll luiu'.miil I nttii
It .ill to till erc.it liliMid iiuriryliigiuinuily."
Tlicro am many Imitation Karoaiiarllla.
Ilo Hum jou ct"Aer'ii.
Correct any tciiilcnry to mtiMlpatloti ttltli
A ter'x I'lIK 'I liey are itupir-coalvil, easy to
take, inllil In action. A family laxative.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer Co., Lou dl, Mm., It. S. A,
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
FIRST BANK OF HILO
Incorporated Under the Laws of the
Territory of Hawaii.
PEACOCK BLOCK, HILO.
lure 011 "China, the Eastern Rid
dle," by Dr. Nicholas Russel. In
vitations were extended to the
members of the Teachers' Reading
Circle and a number of others inter
ested in the subject, who filled the
parlors of the Lyman home.
Dr. Russel has been milking a
study of the Eastern question and
his residence in Shanghai well
equips htm for a discussion of the
conditions existing there. The
lecture delivered last Tuesday even
ing was the first of a scries of Ear
Eastern sketches written by Dr.
Russel and ptoved to be a highly
his lecture, Dr
one of the most fundamental causes
or agencies of social progress.
By what ways home countries,
like niodet 11 Erance, contrive to
arrest this natural increase is far from
being clear, but it certain! v is the
only way to tccoiicile the necessity
of stagnation with the relative com
fort and prosperity; the only so
lution of the problem in cases,
when the improvement on social
organization, for some reasons or
other, becomes temporarily or per
Such is not the case with China:
Chinese are steadily propagating at
a considerable rate, and with
petrified social forms the equilib
rium is maintained solely through
Preliminary to ' social catastrophes and convulsions,
Russel gave an I resulting in the extermination of
ethical discussion of "conserva-; the surplus of population.
r. I'KCK i'rcMciit.
C. C. KKN.N'KDY Vice -Pres.
JOHN T. MOIR..J111I VICi"l'rc.
C. A. STOIIIH Cnhi:r.
TIIOS. C. KMK'.WAY, Srcrclnry.
J. .Cnnar John J. Orncc,
1'. S. t.ytiinti, II. V. Patten.
Win. 1'tillnr. W. II. Slilimnn
Draw Kxcliunue on
I n Bank of Hnwaii, I.ttl Honolulu
Wells, Fargo & Co. Hank. ..San Francisco
Wells. Fargo & Co's Hank New York
The National Hank of the Re-) chicauo
public ) 'h
Glynn, Mills, Currie & Co London
Hongkong-Shanghai Dank- ) Hongkong,
ing Corporation f China.
Hongkong-Shanghai Hank- (Shanghai,
lug Corporation ) v.1111111.
.. , .-i 1 i I, 1 ) Yokohama
Ho..KkonK.bhanKhai Hank- , , f
ing Corporation j Japan?
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Rented by the Month ot Year,
ticulars on Application.
Matson Navigation Co.
The only Direct Line between San Fran-
Cisco and Hilo, Comprising the
following Fast Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bark RODERICK DHU
Bark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tujr CHAS. COUNSELMAN
4nd other Specially Chartered vessels
makes this trip with ot least one of these
boats each, mouth, carrying both Freight
For dates of sailing and terms,
Jno. D. SprecKels & Bros. Go,
327 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. GUARD, Agent,
Waiakea Boat House
R.A. LUCAS & CO., Frop'rs.
WAIAKEA BRIDGE, HILO
HAVIv NOW A FLF.F.T OF
and Small Boats
FOR PUBLIC HIRF.
ossengers mid luggage token to and
from vessels in the harbor at reasonable
rates. Launches and rowboats to hire
(or private picnics and moonlight rides.
RING UP ON TELEPHONE
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-starter mid reversible engine. In
nmi-tiraihilitv it is eciuol to the hteani en-
iiine. Sizes from 'A h. p. upwards.
tism," which he held was exempli
fied to the highest degree in the
Chinese character. Sociologically
conservatism means stagnation, and
China during all of its backward
history has stood ns the only real,
thorough and scientific conserva
tive nation, making, inventive gen
ius subservient to consistency of
thought and established institu
tions. His address on China is as
What is China? With all the
voluminous literature on the subject
it still remains a sphyux, an
enigma, a grateful subject for
further studies. Of all the books I
haveread, English, German, Erench
and Russian, that by Mr. Chester
Holcomb, "The Real Chinaman."
is one that I like particularly. It
gives such a deep insight into the
Chinese psychology and things
Chinese. With the genius peculiar
to Americans of saying multum in
parvo, our former representative in
China has succeeded in putting the
vast matter into a nutshell a
small but highly instructive and in
teresting volume. Among others,
he gives an excellent picture of the
methaphysical condition of the
Chinese mind, for whom the world
is full of Feng-Shotti ()
methaphysical substances, invisible
to us, but perfectly vivid and real
for a Chinaman.
Those ethereal substances, like a
net of mystical threads, fill out the
space in every direction, and, being
maliciously or benignly disposed,
compel the celestial to adopt that
tortuous course of behavior in his
simplest daily lite occurances,
which seems so comical and pre
posterous to us. After having
reached the methapysical stage of
evolution his mind's development
has been arrested, together with
the development of social forms
and social environment. The ques-
The best authority on China and
Chinese are the Catholic Jesuits,
who have been the first to penetrate
into the iuteriorof China, continued
to stay there ever since, and who,
certainly, are the only, to some ex
tent, successful missionaries. It is
true, they have been compelled to
make certain concessions both in
the dogma and the ritual to reach
the Chinese mind and Chinesepsyc
hology. All religious, no matter
how elevated might have been their
original conceptions and ideals,
have to stoop to the level of the
mass of the people in order to be
understood and find proselytes.
Here lies the fundamental dis
tinction N between religion and
sciencewhichneverstoops, for which
two and two make four under all
circumstances, which does not com
promise, but steadily and surely
pulls up the masses to it's own
level. There are several reasons
why Jesuit fathers are the only suc
cessful missionaries in China; they
have several points of contact both
China and the Catholic church are
thoroughly and consistently conserv
ative; both aie founded on the
principal of intellectual superiority.
Unfortunately this excellent piiu-
ciple has saved neither of them
from being arrested in their devel
opment, and from being frozen in
Jesuit fathers are a bad lot for an
interviewer. They are reserved,
reticent, unwilling to part with
their knowledge of things Chinese.
Still, like all human beings nihil
iiiiiiiuiiiiii mm me aliautiii pitlo
keep it down, in order to prevent
competition with the home factories
of their own."
A few days later I happened to
meet n German, also a resident of
China for 20 yeais, familiar with
the conditions of the interior of the
country and a specialistiinechauic
in cotton spinning machinery. I
f es, tiiuy iiy 11111 p;i uiu
'spinning in general, even at home,
pays poorly. All the money is in
"And where arc the threads
made that by the Lce-Htin-Chang
factories are woven into tissue?"
"In the interior of China by
"Why not by machinery?"
"Hecattsc hand work is cheaper.
Von see how it is done: In summer
season farmers nud land owners
employ the neighboring rural pop
ulation to raise crops. In winter,
when the crops are gathered and
stored in, the people remain with
out work. Then they go to weav
ing at their homes, and they man
age to keep the body and soul to
gether and work at 20 cents a
mouth. No factory can afford to
do it nearly so cheap. A factory
needs fuel, a certain number of
while skilled mechanics, adminis
tration, etc., and that will cost
My acquaintance left out of sight,
the fact that the same hands could
be employed in the factory the
whole year round, and at wages
higher not only than their present
winter pittance, but their summer
When you land in the Far-East,
and sec the amount ol human force
so lavishly and uselessly wasted,
when you see half n dozen men
doing the work that could be easily
done by pne or two, when you see
all freight and passengers carried
in jinrickshas and upon wheel
barrows, drawn by men, you feel
as in another world, and wonder
how these things can coexist side
by side with the modern civilization.
Our age is called the age of steam
and eclectricity; the age in which
the Far-East lives now is that of the
Painful to look at a man success
fully competing with a horse, and
driving another man, so to say, on
his back, at 5 cents a mile, at 10
cents an hour, or by the month of
12 hours a work day, Sundays and
holidays not excluded, at $5, while
single back is paid 50 cents an hour.
An ordinary coolie laborer may be
had at Shanghai for $3.50 a month
and his board. A grown up woman,
the best worker in silk cocoons,
gets not more than 15 cents a day.
In Japan, at the Tagashima coal
mines, that I visited, an average
laborer, who gives his 12 hours
a day to the disposal of the em
ployers, of which only 8 or 10 are
of actual work, gets 50 cents a day,
and women discharging coals and
after a good dinner and a bottle ol 1 transporting them in baskets 22
good wine.theycniinothclpdroppitig I cents. All these prices are calcu
n word at intervals. From this j lated in American gold values, and
quarter, though indirectly, I have 1 all laborers, except Tagashima
picked some interesting in formation. 1 mines, provide their own board "and
They say that during the last flood , lodging. The same Shanghai
on the Yantze river, that killed
crops of rice and cotton and re-
uut. , ..wbhw .w.i W..BI..U-, ".;sl,ltein an extensive
capaoie 01 resuming its lorwaru
march when rigid social forms are
There is an intimate relation be
tween the density of population and
the state of economical, political and
The larger the number of men
livinir on the same area, the more
. ' 1
perfect the, organization must be to
coolie, who works at home for
?3-5Q, when landed on the Hawaii-
famine for ' an Islands gets $17 a month with
several provinces, Chinese girls
have openly been sold for flesh 011
the markets. In commercial bul
letins of the local papers one could
read in the list of market prices:
"Rice nt famine prices."
"Human flesh 156 cash a pound"
I (10 cents).
house, fuel, water and free medical
help by the plantation, which alto
gether amounts at least to $20.
However young the machine indus
try in Japan is, one sees already
considerable difference in wages,
not only as compared with China,
but with their
Painful to look
own wages, 111
at men, some-
The whole girl could be bought
r ,.1 i.i,.,3 r,,- ( ,.i.i
1 .1 ,. .. , : :.. .11111 muiiuiiiv;ii mi aj Kuiu,
i ri!: Z :: ; r :. ,,. In entering one of the numerous , -re children, carrying heavy
' It is hard to 5nuiiic suchnouths of the Yantze river and ap-i'o0" lW'o "ticks, and, as
numbeis as could not be prosper- iPhing Shanghai, have passed jthey step moaning piteonsly their
ously sustained on a certain terri
tory with an adequately perfect
organization, ev.n with our present
preductive powers. The increase
of population so far constitutes a
phenomenon out of our
social forms must necessarily follow
it. They have to improve at least
in the same ratio with that increase,
I in order to avoid great social dis-
011 our right huge factory
ings with big1!! smokstacks.
were the well
English pilot, an
monotonous -o-i! o-tl o-il
When you express your disgust
known Lee-Hun-IIU uie S1S"1 0I s"c" UUES n
I r 11.1 . t. 1
factories. 1 local carrier 01 "tne wnue mans
old resident of ! burden," driven in an emblazoned
coach with two livened Chinese
1 ,. . a
....... ...t libhaneiai. was staudinc bv mv
There economical and I " "(1 1 Iiulred of him whether flunkey In front, and the others
they pay any dividends? lie re-! """ "K ; fo u y
from I A h. t). uiiwnrils. V (
Boat's fitted with this engine or frames 01 1 this Chinese word Feng Shoui bv the
any side to order, ror particulars tippiy r.ugusu uiu ui-uiiuiuur .uriu-iiiviiui
to R. A. LUCAS, Manager Ition),
"As one of the shareholders I am
sorry to say this concern is a dis-
j appointment; it does not pay."
My Chinese interpreter trauslotcs "Hard to tell. Some explain it
by the fact that English spinners
hold considerable interest in it, and
asters. Thus, the increase of pop-
'Oh, they are used to it, they like
Indeed, fish likes to be fried in
How powerful must be the in
stinct of self preservation with this
race, the anxiety to live at any cost,
Continued 011 Pugc Six,)
NEW STYLES and