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THIS WKKKI,Y HIM) TKIbTNK, HII.O, HAWAII, TUKSDAY, NOVHMBKR 20, 1904
Built Me Up THE CULTIVATION OF
Ilnvti yon boon 111? Aro ynu still
WtKik mid dlvoiirnged? Do not not
MnM:tli 111 fast as you think you
tdmuldV Tliun tnko 11 good tonic,
Miuiothiug that will aid your dlgos
lion uuil build you up quickly.
f ' 111
Hern la a letter from Mr. II. Itartliototnctr,
Jr., Mt. Torreii,8o Australia. Iloulsonuml,
"After ft very ovcro attack of rheumatic
lover 1 wai left In a very wralt condition. It
was fc.iroil tint I roulil nut iKmllily pull
tlmuiL-li. I cuiilil pet no help from nnv
lurtlluliie. I feci suio tint unlen4tlieroli.nl
lieeu n rh.iiiRU Just nt Ui.it tluio t could not
liao recovered. Hut n frieml u mine li.ul
taken Ajcr's Xarsaparilta nml knew mint a
uplemlld tonlo it was. Ho lie urp'il mo to try
It. 1 van now truthfully say that 1 felt better
even after tho first ilnio. It seemeil to huilil
me right up from tho very start, nml lu a
tew weeks my recovery was complete."
Tuero aro many Imitation Barsatarlllas.
Ho sure you get "Aycr'g."
Promptly correct any temleney to consti
pation or lilllnuitneo. Aycr'sVilbarosugar
coated, easy to tako, tnild In action.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Aytr Co., Lowell, M tsi., U. S. A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
FIRST BANK OF HILO
Incorporated Under the Laws of the
Territory of Hawaii.
PEACOCK BLOCK, HILO.
even ".renter distances. They may (
be ilauU'(l closer lliuu 0 feet x G
feet with n view to cuttitm nut n
large part of tlieiu after tin first
crop liai been harvested. Such a
practice, however, makes a heavy
tax upon the soil and must be ac-
,-,..... . r t.-.: -i c: - n jcompniilcil by thorough tillage and
vaiuniue ivepuri ui b,aFi uuuiiiai oiauuu uu uaiiuwa perll s j, . fertilization. Fur
Culture The Condition of Soil, Temperature and
Character of Plants Required Advice on the Selec
tion of Suckers, Etc.
I'. l'KCK -..., President.
C. C. KHNNHDY Vice-Pre.
JOHN T. MOIK-..HUI Vlcc-1'ro.
C. A. STOI1IK Cniililcr.
TIIOS. C. KIDOWAY, Sccrttnry.
J. . Cnnar John J. (trace,
V. 8. f.ymau, II. V. I'attcii,
Win. I'ullar. W. II. Hhipmaii.
Draw ISxchunKC on
I n Hank of Hawaii, Mil Honolulu
Wells, Fargo & Co. Hank. ..San Francisco
Wells. Fargo & Co's Hank New York
The National Hank of the Re-) ciiicauo
public ) K
Glynu, Mills, Currie & Co London
Hongkong-Shanghni Bank- (, Hongkong,
ing Corporation ) China.
Hongkong-Shanghai Hank- ) Shanghai,
ing Corporation J China.
Hongkong-Shnnghni Hank-) fft
ing Corporation j Japan?
by the Month or Year. Par
ticulars on Application.
Matson Navigation Co.
The only Direct Line between San Frnn-
cisco and Hilo, Comprising the
following Fust Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bark RODERICK DIIU
Bark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tuk CHAS. COUNSELMAN
ud other Specially Chartered vessels
makes this trip with at least one of these
boats each mouth, carrying both Freight
For dates of sailing mid terms,
Jno. D. Spreckels & Bros. Go,
327 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. GUARD, Agent,
Waiakea Boat House
R.A. LUCAS & CO., Prop'rs.
WAIAKKA liltinGK, HII.O
HAVF. NOW A FLF.KT OF
and Small Boats
FOR PUIILIC I1IRF.
I assengers and baggage taken to ami
from vessels in the harbor at reasonable
rates. Launches nud rowbnats to hire
tor private picnics and moonlight rides.
J. It. Iliggins, horticulturist, of
the Hawaii Experimental Station
at Honolulu, has prepared an ex
haustive report on "The Haunua in
Hawaii," which is published as
Bulletin No. 7 by the Station, and
which contains much valuable in
formation of interest to banana
growers. A protion of this ex
cellent pamphlet is as follows:
Renewed activity in banana
growing has already begun and
the product will probably be doubled
during the piescnt year. This has
given rise to a demand for informa
tion regarding the care, cultivation
and management of a banana
plantation. The following con
tains the results of experience here
and in other tropical countries, and
is given in the hope of meeting this
There are two essential features
of a good banana soil. The first is
abundant moisture, the second,
good drainage. It is true that the
banana makes a large demand up
the fertility of the soil, especially
upon the supplies of potash; but if
there is a lack of plant food it may
be made up in fertilizers. It is of
first importance that there be n
plentiful supply of moisture at all
times, and quite as essential that
there should be good drainage.
Stagnant water is very injurious.
The virgin forest loam, with its
abundant humus, is therefore the
ideal, but a great variety of soils
may be used successfully.
The banana will endure quite
low temperatures, 'but commercially
it is a tropical plant aud grows
most rapidly and luxuriantly in
high temperatures. This is an im
portant factor in determining the
location for a banana plantation in
these islands. At sea level the
Chinese or Cavendish banana will
Truit in about twelve months from
planting, but as the altitude in
creases and the air becomes cooler,
the time required for fruiting is
greater. I he element of time, with
its results in the number of possible
bunches per year, is a factor to be
reckoned with when judging of the
suitableness of a given locality for
From what has already been said,
it is evident that an abundant rain
fall, well distributed, is necessary
to the highest success, unless it is
possible to irrigate. Whatever the
source, the banana should have
nearly as much water as sugar-cane.
An ordinary breeze is not pro
hibitive, but strong winds tear the
leaves into ribbons, which impairs
their, usefulness, and in fruiting
season the plants may be .blown
If the laud has been occupied by
forest it is best to clear this away
completely. Bananas do not re
quire shade, as coffee, and trees
are simply in the way and use up
food which should go to the crop.
To do this require some expense
at the beginning, but incomplete
clearing is a doubtful economy and
can only be regarded as a compro
mise to be made when capital is
lacking. A cleared field
1st, Cheaper tillage; 2ml,
pared for them at a considerable
depth, the result will be deeper
rooting and aud fewer losses from
wind. If it be so prepared all over
the field and not simply in a small
hole for each plant, the further re
sult will be a much larger root
.system, still more security from
wind and nioie feeding space for
The selection of Plants is most
important. At least three different
kinds of plants may be used to start
The old stumps of plants that
have already produced fruit.
Iarge offsets or suckers from six
to eight months old, with well
developed bases or conns,
Small offsets from a few weeks
to two or three mouths old and
from 8 to 30 inches high.
When the old stumps are chosen
for plants they are planted whole or
cut into several pieces. It is well
to see that each section is provided
with at least one good bud which
has never been cut back. These
pieces are allowed to lie in the sun
light for several days so that the
cut surfaces will heal or form a
callus. Otherwise there is danger
of decay. It is best to take these
conns from old and well-established
plants since they can better afford
to part with the nourishuwnt con
tained in them than can plantings
which have produced but one crop
Large offsets, from six to eight
months old and having wcll-de-loped
conns, have found much
favor in many of the best banana
growing, countries. Select those
whose first leaves are narrow and
sword-like. It is essential with
such plants that they be cut back
to within about six inches of the
conn. Some have failed by setting
large plants without cutting them
back and so have been led to be
lieve that the very small offsets are
better, inese larger plants are
further prepared by the removal of
all the old roots. It is regarded as
best to allow them to dry for at
least several days before planting,
aud many expeiiencetl growers pre
fer to place them in heaps eight to
ten deep, covering them lightly
with trail), and allowing them to
remain for a month before before
planting. After being set the
central shoot may or may not grow.
It is a matter of indifference 1
whether it does or docs not, for a
bud from the side will make an
Small offsets, from a few weeks
to two or three mouths old, are al
so used. The youngest of these can
not be recommended, but the older
ones make fair plants. They are
usually cut back when they are
dug. The old roots should also be
removed. Vigorous plants should
be selected with well-developed
corms, with steins tapering to a
point and the first leaves narrow
The matter of the selection of
plants is of great importance. Poor
plants arc often the cause of the
means: , unnecessary large number of
Hctter ferjor bunches in the first crop.
liter, the planter must see to it that
his courage does not fail him when
the time comes for the removal of
half the trees.
The size of the hole which it will
be necessary to dig will depend
upon the preparation which the soil
has already received. If it has
been poorly prepared, very large
holes must be dug. They should
be at least four feet square and a
foot and a half or two feet deep ac
cording to the character of the sub
soil. If thorough preparation has
been made by plowing and harrow
ing, only slight hand labor will be
required. If the subsoil is hard, it
will be cheaper to break it with n
subsoil plow than by hand labor.
A subsoil plow is an implement
made to run in the furrow after an
ordinary plow. It goes to a depth
of tS inches or two feet, breaking
the subsoil but not lifting it to the
This may be run through two or
three furrows for each row of
plants, after which the loosened
soil calf be rapidly thrown out to a
depth of one and a half or two feet.
The surface soil should be returned
to the bottom of the hole. The
laud being thus prepared by ma
chinery, holes of two or two! and a
half feet in diameter will suffice.
The top of the conn should not
be more than a fe.v inches below
the surface of the soil of the field,
oiau average about three inches.
Bananas arc planted at all seasons
of the year. Naturally the spring
is the time when they make the
most rapid start, but il planted too
late in the spring the tendency , in
these islands, is for them to mature
too rapidly, producing small
bunches. It is thought best by
some to time the planting so as to
bring in the crop during the season
of high prices, when the American
markets are not flooded with other
fruits. Uach planter must study
this subject for himself, knowing
how long the plant requires to ma
ture fruit in his locality.
i IM rM'UHHH
n -l 4
HILO MARKET CO.,
tillage; 3rd, Larger crops ol high- lnny case ,ie firsl crol, ;s 11()l nkely '
grade fruit; .jth, Greater facility in t0 contain as tnauy large bunches
handling the crop. Thorough deep , os ialcr crops produced after the ',
plowing and harrowing should plantation is well established; but i
follow. There are very few, ifany, 1 thi8 very f!lct 0illls ,0 Uie lltfC,j of I
banana soils in these islands that setting a strong plant at the begin-
(lo not require plowing uclorc set
ting the plants, and most of our
soils would be benefited by being
j. 1 Telephone No. 39.
In 1 Humoic St. - Hilo, II. I
Front St., IIn,o, II. I,
RING UP ON TKUSPIIONK
to be upon old land, plowing will
be still more necessary. The ad
vantages of plowing and tillage in
general are many, not the least ini-
Wolverine Gasoline Engine i,orl.n".torv,,llchisl,lc KcltimvM
ui iiiii iiiL.iiiuu mm uiiiui iiiciiiii;.!!
processes which set free plant food
for the crop. Again the banana
Distances between the plants and
the rnws vnrv willi llu rlmr:irtpr nf
twice plowed. If the plantation is, the soili lhe ain0lult of moislurc
Choice Cuts of
Self-starter and reversible engine. In
practicability it is equal to the steam en
gine. Sizes from )i h. p. upwards.
1 ... .....1 Itl. ,1.1 ....(.l.l.a ...- r ..K ...
any size to order. For particulars-apply ro(),s K where there is a loose and
to R, A. LUCAS, Maiiiigtr I inviting soil. If such a soil be pre-
available, the vaiiety of banana
that is to be planted, and with the '
ideas of different planters. The'
Chinese or Cavendish banana, ' POULTRY Of all Kill(lS
which is almost the only one grown
on a commercial scale 111 these 1
islands, is planted at such distances
as the following: G feet x 6 feet,
7 feet x 7 feet, 7 feel x 8 feet, 8
feel x o leet, 8 feet x to feet, and at
FRESH ISLAND BUTTER
NEW STYLES and