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Till? WKKKLY HI 1.0 TUIBTNIt, Hi 1.0, HAWAII, TUKSDAY, DKCKM1IKK 20, 1904.
IN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
Conditions of Growth and Cultivation of This Valuable
Crop Marketable Qualities of Various Species of
Rubber Plants Possibilities of Its Cultivation in
Nil 1 r
A llttlo vanity Is a good tlilnp.
Every woman should try, nt nil times,
to look lior wry best. Hut llcortaluly
must lio ili.ooutugluK to liao your
mirror toll you thai your hair Is gray
whon you 010 only thirty or fifty I
(Iwy li.ilr adds twenty joars to tho
tigo. Why not look as young us you
ure, or ovum younger ?
Ayer's Hair Vigor
Always restores color to txr hair,
nlways. Ilrliigs hack all tlm deoj),
licit, beautiful color of ear ih.
Perhaps tho colorof you'- lialrsults,
but you aro losing tho hair lUolf. You
iiro threatened with thin hair, rough
lialr. scrnpclv hair. Your hair sooms
weak, not well nourished. Then glo
It Ayer's Hair Vigor, a truo hair
food. It stops falling .alr, makes
tho hair grow, and koops It soft and
Vttftni by Dr. J. C. Ayer Co., Lowell, Mill., U.S.A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
Direct Line between SAN FRANCISCO
Hark St. Cntluulne, Capt. Sauuders
Hark Amy Turner, Capt. Warland
Hark Martini Duvls, Capt. McAllman
For freight and passageapply to
WELCH & CO., Agents, San Francisco
0. BREWER & CO., Ltd., Agents,
H. Hackfeld &Co., Ltd.
flilo Electric Light Co., Ltd.
Houses Wired, and
In accordance with the rules of the Na
tional Hoard of Pi re Underwriters.
' A complete stock of
Fixtures, Shades, Table, lied and Desk
Lamps, etc., nlways on hand.
Fan Motors . . . $15
Fan Motors, swivel frame (8
Sowing Machine Motor 20
Power for operating them f 1 a month
Installation charged extra.
Estimates furnished on all classes ol
Electrical Work and Contracts taken to
install apparatus complete.
the Hawaiian Islands.
The following extract from an
article by John Kjdwell oti rubber
culture, in the November number
of the Hawaiian Forester and Agri
culturist, will be read with peculiar
interest by those who believe in the
future of the rubber industry on
Castilloa elastic.! is perhaps
among the more desirable kinds of
rubber producing trees, all things
considered, the one most likely to
give satisfactory results in this Ter
ritory. It it found growing wild
in Mexico up to 21 degrees nor'h
latitude, and reaches down several
degrees south of the equator, from
sea level upto mote than 3,000 feet
elevation, though it is said not to
yield much rubber nt anything
over 2,000 feet. The latter state
ment is, perhaps, very much like a
Scotch verdict, "not proven," the
evidence in the case being that an
isolated tree was found at the high
er altitude, and on tapping it
yielded no rubber; barren trees of
both Castilloa and Hevea have
been found growing side by side in
the forests with fertile trees, the
natives putting their private marks
on the barren trees, indicating that
they are not worth bothering with,
and they call them "male" trees,
although they bear seed as freely
as the prolific ones. In the East
Indies the preference has so far
been given to the Hevea, although
the Castilloa has its advocates
there also. In the West Indies
they seem to prefer the Castilloa,
but they are many exceptions there
also. In Mexico and Central
America the planters confine them
selves almost entirely to Castilloa'
elastica as a matter of course, the
tree being found right at their
doors. It is estimated that at least
twenty million dollars nave been
invested by the people of the
PAY FOR THE BEST
AND THAT'S Till? CLASS OF WOKK
FRONT ST., Of. SPRKCKKL'S BLOCK
Union Barber Shop.
CANARIO & STONE, Props.
Wo Shavo, Cut Hair and
Shampoo at Lot-Llvo Rates
All razors cleaned with antiseptics after
Perfumes of the finest quality kept in
stock, a trial of which is solicited.
We also takepartictilar pains with Chil
Union Building, Waianuemte St.
The partnership hitherto existing be
tween C. M. U-Bloud and V. II. Smith,
attorncys-at-hiw, is this tUy dissolved by
miituul consent. All accounts due the
firm are payable to C. M. I.eBloml, and
all accounts due from the firm are pay.
able by him.
C. M. L-HHI.OND,
V. II. SMITH.
Hilb, Hawaii, Nov. 30. 1994. 6.4
The Old Reliable Stand is
"azors honed, Scissors and all edged
toolb perfectly 1: round. Satisfac
United States in rubber plantations
in Mexico and Central America
during the last 10 years. Like al!
the forgoing kinds Castilloa will
grow readily from cuttings, but
planters general consider that
seedlings are to be preferred.
According to Mr. Koschny, a resi
dent of Costa Rica and a student of
the Castilloa elastica there arc two
kinds of this trees also, the light
and dark colored barks, but con
trary to the Hevea Braziliensis, in
this case it is the light bark that is
good, the dark ones, he says, are
not worth planting.
Perhaps the safest plan to follow
in this case would be to secure a
supply of the light colored cuttings
for seed bearers, and a quantity of
selected seed, the product from
which could weeded out as soon as
they become old enough to show
their true character. Besides, the
cutting would probably produce
seed much sooner than the seed
lings would. The seed is said to
remain after becoming ripe, if
washed clean of pulp, and packed
in dry, pulverized charcoal, about
45 days, after which they soon lose
their vitality, and if they do grow
the seedlings are puny. In October
of la.it year the Department of
Agriculture at Washington issued
Bulletin 49, being a report by O.
K. Cook of his observations of the
Rubbjr Tree in Central America
under cultivation and otherwise.
This Bulletin is in the library of
the U. S. Experimental Station,
probably J. G. Smith, the Director,
would allow anyone who might be
particularly interested in rubber to
read it. Mr. Cook is evidently a
shrewd observor, and while he
Central America. In saying this
he desires it to be distinctly under
stood that he does not include all
of the rubber planting undertak
ings in this class. He is of the
opinion that Castilloa elastica does
not require a continuously humid
climate to grow well and be pro
ductive, nor does the falling of its
leaves during the dry season do it
any harm, but rather that it is
a protection against the drought.
Mr. Cook thinks that there is but
one excuse for planting Castilloa
under the shade of other trees and
that is to avoid the expense of
clearing the land. Castilloa thrives
best when planted in the open; any
shade that may be needed for the
ground can be secured by planting
the young treessiiear together, say
10x10 feet apart, with a view to
thinning them out later on should
it appear to be necessary. This
tree attains a height of Co to 80
feet and a diameter of 3 or 3.5 feet,
a yaid from the ground; the Hevea
grows somewhat larger The yield
of the Castilloa taking the year
through is probably about the same
as that of the Hevea, although
some wonderful reports have come
from Central America of Castilloa
trees having produced 50 pounds
of rubber each at one tapping, but
it does not appear that there were
any wituesses present. This tree,
like the Hevea, should not be tap
ped before it is 8 years old even
under the most favorable conditions
of growth, 10 years being a safer
age at which to begin tapping.
Little need be said at this time
relative to the processes of extract
ing the latex and preparing the
rubber for market; it is enough to
say that both are very simple, re
quiring more care than actual skill,
and as improved implements, for
tapping the trees and better meth
ods for coagulating the latex are
being brought into use every year
it will be safe to defer consideration
of this part of rubber production
until our crop approaches maturity.
In view of the long wait for a
crop of rubber, not to mention its
uncertainty, it would seem to be
well, if the Government could see
its way clear tQ do so, for it to send
one of its own men to Mexico and
Brazil to secure seeds and cuttings
of the best kinds of Castilloa elas
tica and Braziliensis in order to be
in a position to sell stock to those
who may be willing to try rubber
cultivation in this Territory; the
Government of Ceylon has found it
profitable to do so. There is cer
tainly a large area of suitable land
in these Islands where rubber trees
would be perfectly at home, which
cannot be put to any other use ow
ing to the roughness of its surface,
and it may yet be found that much
of the higher land which is not
suitable for sugar would be adapted
to the cultivation of rubber.
1'uhllu Wireless Stations.
The Navy Department has
authorized the commanding officer
on the torpedo station at Newport
to accept wireless dispatches to and
from ships at sea by way of the
Nantucket light ship, under re
gulations drawn by the bureau of
equipment to be published in a
notice to marines. Orders are being
prepared also, opening to com
mercial business the following
naval coast wireless telegraph
stations: Portsmouth, N. H.; Cape
Ann, Mass.; Boston and New York
navy yard, Cape Cod, Montauk,
New Christmas Goods
Ebony Combs and Brushes
Rocket Drinking Cups Manicure Sets
Toothpick Holders Perfumes
Leather Purses Slippers Embroidery Linen
Field Glasses Hosiery Handkerchief Linen
Ladies' Fancy Hats Men's Shirts Table Damask
Ribbons Belts Portieres
Handkerchiefs Suspenders Blankets
Pillow Covers Neckties Bedspreads
Shoes Bathing Suits
Xmas House Furnishings
A Fresh and'Complete Assortment of
Mats and Matting
Rugs and Portieres
Suitable for Christmas Gifts
No Second-Hand Furniture or Goods in Stock
Crockery and Glassware
Fancy Lamps Water Sets
Select Dry Goods and Groceries
i concedes that under favorable con-
Long Island; Navesink, N. J.;
ditions the cultivation of the rubbor ! ?! Heroy. Vo.; Dry Tortugas, .
oau juan, auieura, verua jjurena, '
Cal., and Mare Island navy yard.
people of the United States to go J
slow in putting their. money into ' "
any of the "get rich quick': pro-1 Subscribe for the Tkibunb. Sub'
positious now so rampant inscription 2.50 a year.
. N. HOLMES
tree is entirely practical, and may
prove to be profitable, he yet deems 1 -, . ' . . , , '
.',,.,.. 7, l Other stations will be opened
it to be hts duty to caution the ' , .