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THK NvU'lvKLY HllO TllinUNF, HH.O, HAWAII, TUHSDAY, JANUARY
l)c fiilo vibimc.
TUKSDAY, - JAN. 10. 1905.
P.ntciedattlic Postoflice at IIUo, Ha
wall, as second-class matter
r-uiit.isitr.n kvrhv tursuav.
J. CASTI.it Uidoway - Editor
I). V. Mausii lluilncss Malinger.
BOARD OF TRADE.
The report of the year's opera
tions of the Hilo Board of Trade
has demonstrated the usefulness of
tint organization in the town and
vicinity of Hilo. The F.xecutive
Council has worked industriously
and effectively and has a wide and
useful field befoie it. Its purpose
is to bring together more closely
those who are desirous f studying
the needs of the city and coin
tnunitv. The member of the
Board have displayed their interest I
. ., . , .-
ill me improvement ui uui iuwu
v and are manifesting such interest
in unintelligent and practical man
ner. The piesent officers who have
worked so faithfully for the past
year are re-elected for the ensuinir
term. This is as it should be and
those gentlemen who have the con
fidence of the membership of the
Board to be Selected as officers can
be relied upon to protect Hilo's and
Hawaii's interest wherever and
whenever it demands protection.
The Board of Trade does not
propose to take any part in politics
or political elections and should
have no candidates for any political
office. Its main purpose should be
to study the economic and social
conditions of the community with a
view to civic betterment, suggesting
remedies for present evils, such as
defects in street supervision and
public improvements, sanitation,
education, public health and public
morals. Having these objects in
view, such an organization can and
should accomplish a great work in
the improvement and upbuilding of
the community in which we live
THE HOME PAPER.
Publicity is the watchword. Only
a small percentage of the people do
not read and it is a rare thing to
find an illiterate person in any
community, especially in the Ha
waiian Islands. The home paper
is an institution which is a necessity
and should receive the hearty sup
port of the community in which it
is published. The farmer, the
laboring man, and the housewife
keep in touch with what is going
on in the community by reading
each week's issue from cover to
cover. They feel an interest in all
local affairs and the home paper is
a means of keeping the' citizens in
formed of things going on im
mediately around them. If the
average merchant would give as
substantial support to his home
paper by advertising m its columns,
the editor and the publishers
would not only be enabled to give
its readers a better paper and re
present their interests better but
the merchant would receive the
benefit in seeing his town improve
and its lnisiucsc increase. A
Hilo Federal Uull.llnu'.
President Holmes of tlie Hoard of Trade
has leeeived the following letter from
Delegate Kidlio at Washington, asking
for a detailed description of the govern
meiit land to lie used for the proposed
building. The matter has been referred
to the Mib-comniittec of the Hoard of
Trade with instructions to comply with
the Delegate's request. The letter is ai
Washington, Dec. 21, 1904.
Hoard of Trade, IIllo, Hawaii,
Dr.ir Sirs: It is my intention toamcud
my hill for n federal' building at IIllo by
adding a clause setting aside fur a Fed
1 ral building site the block which has
already been selected for that purpose.
My aim in this is to have this ground
definitely reserved for this use, so that if
theie should bo necessary delay in com
mencing a building, the laud would not
meauwliile lie tied up with new leases
m ule by the Trrriloii.il government.
To this end I ask that you furnish me
at once wlh a detailed legal description
of this entire block, together with the
limit li.iek (if iL itMclllIU' iloun to thr
river, as I understand tliat It is the wisli
. . -- - - - v " . . : . v
of your citizens that this part be reserved
which appeals to me as being very de-
bir"lllt'', Very truly your..
Get your fancy work L-oods at JWnsis ti
also as a son in paiK, uu urniiigeuieiii
THK HAT UATtillBIl 1IUSY.
IiitcrcHlitiK Report of Work
Mono Kurliiff December.
Few people ore aware that from
fifty to two hundred rats arc killed
every tnontu in Hilo, under the
supervision of Dr. C. L. Stow,
representing the Hoard of Health
and the wharf committee. A corn
tnittec of the Hilo Board of Trade
was appointed on Septcmher 2d
last for the purpose of raising
revenue to keep the port of Hilo
in a sanitary condition. This com
mittee known as the Wharf Cotr.
mittee, consists of K. N. Holmes,
chairman, L. Turner, A. Hum
burg, J. W. Mason, R. T. Guard,
Wm. McKay,, and Adam Lindsay.
A tonnage tax of ten cents per ton
is being levied on all freights, ex
cept coal, lumber and sugar sacks,
coming into Hilo from Hono
lulu, San Francisco or other coast
fund is being
accumulated, which is in Treas
urer Lindsay's hands, out of which
is paid $200 or more a month for
the expenses of the local health
officer in his crusade against rats.
A systematic plan was adopted and j
a professional rat catcher has-been l
busy every day since extcrniiifat
ing the wily rodents, which are
regarded as the purveyors of' all
forms of disease and especially of
plamte. The Waiakea waterfront
was regarded as the most dang-
erous spot, for here myriads of J
of these animals were infesting the
wharves, warehouses and other
Sanitary Inspector Donald G.
Bowman has been working in
harmony with the Board of Health
agent, although receiving no addi
tional compensation for his work.
He has compelled many owners of
squalid and filthy quarters in the
lower part of town and elsewhere
to raise their buildings three feet
above the ground, permitting a
free circulation of air and access to
the homes of the rats.
The method of procedure of Rat
Catcher Joseph Oliva, a part-Hawaiian,
who is an adept at the
rat catching business, is to set a
given number of traps and place at
different points beneath a building
infested with rats, a number of
pieces of poison. A pail of water
is placed at a convenient spot near
the poison and the next day tells
the tale. To get relief from the
poison Mr. Rat will immediately
seek water and after drinking his
fill cwnll nn ntifl l?i 'Vhi mt!
...., ...It... .... ... ......
caught in the traps are killed and
the traps thoroughly disinfected to
prevent the spread of germs. All
dead rats are buried immediately.
Three days will be spent in one
ra'-iufectcd section, when it is time
to move, for the rat is a wary
animal and will fight shy of a
locality that appears dangerous to
his welfare. In this manner the
whole lower section of town is
systematically canvassed by Rat
Catcher Oliva several times a
mouth, A tabulated record is kept
of every piece of poisoned meat or
trap set, with the date and location
ami the results obtained.
Waiakea has practically been rid
of the rodent and lower Front
street is now found to be an active
field of operations. An instance
showing the success of the crusade,
in Waiakea where formerly seventy
or more rats were caught from
forty pieces of poison set out, only
twenty-five are now secured.
During the month of December,'
the report for twenty days' work,
50 traps were set, securing 20 rats.
Out of 1,555 pieces of poison dis
tributed, 771 were missing the
following day. Although it is not
always possible to get hold of the
dead animals dyjng from this
poison, many of whom die in
obscure places, the rat catcher dis
covered 39 dead rats during the
month of December.
Sanitary Inspector Bowman said
great care should be taken by
1 .. -. .... .. .
uouscuoittcrs in riUdltlg llieir
mises of rats, especially in the
rainy season when the rodents were
(,riven withi" do0rS Ie re'
ceptacles holding garbage are at-
tractive baits for rats and in order
' "ke the work' of the rat catcher
1 more efficient, every citizen should
provide his back yard with a air
tight garbage can, made of gal
vanized iron. He recommends
this as a precautionary measure and
is insisting on hotel managers and
restaurant keepers providing cover
ed utensils for their carbacc. In
this way, Inspector Bowman says
there is no other food supply for
the rodents, which will then at
tack the poisoned meat and traps,
which they will not do if there are
other menus of obtaining food.
The work is progressing nicery
and soon Mr. Rat will be a scarce
animal in Hilo's waterfront and
business section. The crusade in
the residence part of town must be
carried on by the individualcitizen,
to whom the health authorities
look for support and assistance.
The Department of Agriculture
lately issued a statement regarding
the effect of the decision of the
Supreme Court of the United States
Monday in the cases of the Ameri
can Sugar Refining Company and
others against the United States, in
which the court in affirming the
action of the court of appeals for
the second circuit sustained the
government as to sugar import
1 ne statement says mat ever
since the present tariff act took
effect and the polarization of sugar
have been in force importers have
protested against the rate of duty'
paid, saying that the regulations
secured a polarization which was
too high, and that the Secretary of
the Treasury had no right to right
to change the regulations or
methods of polarization. The chief
point rested on the effect of tem
perature upon polarization.
The department says that prac
tically all the duties paid on sugar
during the last five years have been
paid under protest, and adds: "The
amount saved during that time has
been about $300,000,000. A con
servative estimate of the claims
which would have been filed had
the decision gone the other way
shows the large sum of not .less
than five and perhaps eight million
Teachers on Hawaii.
The following changes have been
made hi the teaching force 011 the island
Miss Amy P. Hill, late assistant in the
Kaiwlki School to be assistant in the
Ilnaheo School, taking the place of Mrs.
Annie A. Kui, resigned.
Albert Moscow, to be principal of the
Kaiwikl School, taking the place of
I Miss 1'lorence Hill, resigned.
Mrs. M. J. Haven, assistant in the
Holualoa School, taking the place of
Miss Ida Yowell, resigned.
Miss I.e Toler, assistant in the Ka
Miss Ktnma Porter to be assistant in
the Kaiwikl School, taking the place of
Miss Amy P. Hill.
Unique New Years Card.
W.S.Terry, of the Hilo Coffee Mills
is sending out to his various patrons a
unique New Years souvenir in the shape
of a postal card made .from cofTee wood.
The wood issmcjothly polished, showing
the grain and part of the bark of the tree.
On one side is a neat sketch of Cocoanut
Island done in pyrography, with the
compliments of the Hilo Coffee Mills.
Recently Mr. Terry deceived a letter
something as follows: "Dear sir I
want a ten pound of top notch coifee to
send to some friends at the Coast. Have
you got what I want? Put tne up a b ig
of the best and send to me, when I will
send check to cover." Mr. Terry says
he filled the order.
Alaiiia, Mrs. I.ousia
Audrade, Mr. I'raucisco Durate de
Kviuis, Mr. Win.
Hi, Simeon M.
Mansfield, Capt. Rowland M.
McQnaid, Mrs. W. x
Maldonado, Sr. Don Krnsmo
Martins, Mr. Manuel
iWi.J. N. Kaimi
I'ekc, Miss Alliili
Santos, Mrs. Raymond dc
Kiniiu Departures January IS.
R. fi. Henderson, J. II. Raymond, J.
II. Mackenzie. Mrs. (). I Desha, Mr.
and Mrs. S. 1 Saunders, M. D. Hall, A.
Alirens, Mrs. Geo. C. Heckley, Miss Jail
nita Heckley, Mrs. U. G. Carrera, Andrew
Idudsay. Adam Lindsay, Geo. C. Heck
lev. lienrv P. Hecklev. S. Parker lr.. aJIIK-' Dtcll RllSt IlldieS have 111-
W. Carter, Miss J. Renwlck, c. Ah Sing,
C. Ah Gett.
Subscribe fi.r the TumuNB, Islai dsut. '
I.AM SUN'S HK.MAI..
Hccluri's He Was Nol Inn Hrnt llli
A dispatch from Boston says:
In reply to an article published by
a local financial pnper Saturday,
purporting to be a full expose of
"Lawson's .. Manipulation," in
which the writer accused Thomas
W. I.awson of being a pait of the
"system which he affects to expose,
hut carefully conceals" and of
being used, wittingly or unwit
tingly, to further stock jobbing in
Wall street, Mr. Iiwsou says:
"I spoke my piece on Amalga
mated fairly and squarely in the
open. It was true, and Amalga
mated smashed; that was all there
was to it.
"Still, as a mighty effort is being
made to make it appear that it as
stock jobbing and manipulation
that brought about the smash in
stead of the people selling their in
flated securities, because they know
there is worse coining, I will clinch
what I have said.
"First I caught the 'Standaid
Oil crowd' loaded.
"Second Cdught the plungers
and bulls loaded.
"Third The selling was by the
people, who got good prices and
much higher than those that will
"If I sold a share of Amala
mated stock during the entire panic,
that is, from Tuesday morning un
til Friday night, directly or indi
rectly, or did anything in the
market in' Amalgamated in any
way manipulative or otherwise,
directly or indirectly, (except to buv
every tune the market got danger
ously weak, or if I had connection
directlv or indirectly with any
plungers or bears during the time
of the flurry Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday or Friday, or if I have
seen Henry II. Rogers or any one
connected with Standard Oil, or
directly or indirectly had any con
nection with them looking to a
truct or patch-up or endiug of my
fight, or if I ever do in the next
hundred years, I will, as soon as
any proof to th.it effect is produced,
pity overto any committee of editors
of the leading dailies $1,000,000, to
be used in any charitable way they
may deem best, and will give bonds
to that effect at once."
Consumption of Siikiw.
Tlie sugar consumption of the
United States in the current year
seems likely to exceed that of any
previous year, both in quanti'y
and per capLta. The total quantity
of sugar brought into the United
States in the nine tnnjuhs ending
with September, 1904. is 4 billion
pounds, against 3 billion pounds
in 1903, the high record importa
tion of sugar in the corresponding
period of earlier years. Qf this
enormous quantity of sugar
brought into the United States
during the nine mouths practically
one-fourth came from the non
contigious territory of the United
States Hawaii, I'orto Rico, and
the Philippine Islands; more than
one-half came from Cuba, and the
remainder chiefly from other isl
ands of the Kast and West Indies.
The value of the sugar brought
into the United States during the
nine mouths, ending with Septein-1
her, 1904, is 101,116,717, of
which $32,223,075 was from the
island territories of the United
States, $23,139,212 being from!
Hawaii, $9,083,863 from Porto!
Rico, and $342,440 from the Philip-1
One especially interesting fact
shown by a study of the figures of,
the imports of sugar is that the
second largest importation (oinmit
ting from the consideration the
sugar brought from the nonconti
guous territories of the United t
States) was from the Kast Indies, 1
chiefly Java, the largest being, as '
already stated, Cuba. The lotal '
imports of sugar into the United '
States under the title of "Kast In
dies" during the nine months end
ing with September, 1904, tuti-
ounted to 259,774,777 pounds, j
valued at $4,319,463, and this is
chiefly from Java. I he imports of
sugar into the United Slates from
creased very greatly dining recent
years, the total in the fiscal year
1893 being 183,492,432 pounds, and
in the fiscal year 1903, 891,758,090
v ''. "w
. --flw. o
THE HILO TRIBUNE'S MAILJ5HART
MAILS ARRIVF. IN HONOLULU AND DHPAUT AS l'OU.OWS:
S. M. ' T. W. M T. , F. S.
f I ! ?
f i f) Q llMongoliai R Alaincila 7
f I L U j 4 U G SDorlc f
j 8 9 Vox Mr ir " ,aH
" "Alameda ' "Monclir'af
i 18 ! 16 fi"" SS" 19 20 nSSJ
f I 'Sonoma
22 ! 23 '24 25" 26 yu'w?2"
i Korca I
1)0 j Q Q-jy Ncvadan Fob. 3 Doric i
j j j UU fllA Fob. 2 "Coptic Fob. 9 i
S Vessels whose names nppear OVER the date AUU1VK from the Coast. K
Vessels whose names appear I1F.LOW the date DEPART for the Coast. f
Destination of Vessels () To S.m Francisco; (t) To Colonics; (1) To 6
. Vlrlnrin! H. r.' Ml Tn Vn1,,hn.nn
S. S. Kiiiau departs from Hilo for Honolulu every FrMnv at lo:ooa. in. f
H. S. Malum I.oa'smail closi.s in Hilo
(X) at 3:15 p. 111., arriving in Honolulu
E. N., HOLMES
FINE DISPLAY OF
Gossamer Wool Underwear
Scrivan's Drawers Pajamas
Cugot Suspenders Night Shirts
Crown Suspenders Bathing Suits
President Suspenders Sweaters
Hosiery and Cloves
E. N. HOLMES
M HAWAIIAN FERTILIZER CO., Ltd.
For Cane, Vegetable and Banana Fields.
Soil Analysis Made and fertilizer l'urnished Suitable to Soil, Climate and Crop
( FOR THE LAND'S SAKE
Sulphato of Ammonium
Sulphato of Potash
Fertilizers for sale in large or slnall quantities. Fertilize your lawns with our
v Special I.awn Fertilizer. '
P. O. IlOX 767,
C. M. COOKW, President.
F.. F. IlISIIOl', Treasurer. ,
0. II. KOHK-RTSON, Auditor
a" SL ff g" 0)
; 1 r? m
h1-frflf ftritftf-ift fckhMftlfcUfc;fcl
Subscribe for the Tribunr
Island subscription $2.50 a year.
on Siitiitduvs unit Tutsdnvs umrkril
at daylight three days Inter.
Lawn Ties 3
USE OUR FERTILIZERS
Nitrato of Soda
H. C. Phosphates
I). TF.NNIJV. Vice-President.
WATF.R I IOUSF,. Secretary. .
M. ALP.XANDF.R, C. II. ATHRRTON
Call at Tribune Office
All Height scut to ships by our Inunchi s
will be charged to shippers unless accom
panied by a written order fiom the cap
tain of vessels,
3otf R. A. LUCAS & CO.
t .A a