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title: 'Hilo tribune. (Hilo, Hawaii) 1895-1917, January 17, 1905, Page 6, Image 6',
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TIIK WEEKLY 1111,0 TRI11UNE, IIII.O, HAWAII, TUKSDAY, JANUARY 17, 1905.
Can be Rrcatly relieved by our
Syrup oi White Pine
mid ordiunry coughstire
quickly cured. It is one of
those remedies that begin to
help lrom the first dose, and
the quicker you take this dose
the quicker you will be cured.
TRY IT NOW
H. L. SHAW, - Managhr
SERRAO LIQUOR CO.
Complete Stock of Flmst Table
Wines, Peers, Whiskies, Gins,
Brandies and Liqueurs.
Sole Agent for
Serrao Block. Shipmuu Street
Telephone No. 7
THE UNION SALOON
Always on Hand:
Of Wines, Liquors Peers
Alixed Drinks 11 Specialty
Draught and Bottled
lOc Por Class
Telephone No. 7
J. G. SERRAO, - Manager
Direct Line between SAN FRANCISCO
Hark St. Catharine, Capt. Saunders
Hurk Amy Turner, Capt. Warland
Hark Martha Wat is, Capt. McAUman
For freight and passage apply to
WELCH & CO., Agents, San Francisco
C. BREWER & CO., Ltd., Agents,
H. Hackfeld&Co., Ltd.
Union Barber Shop.
CANARIO & STONE, Props
Wo Shavo, Cut Hair and
Shampoo at Lot-Llvo Ratos
All razors cleaned with antiseptics after
Perfumes of the finest quality ki'pt in
stock, a trial of which is soliciud.
V also take particular pains with Chil
Union Building, Wninnueuue St.
WM. G. IRWIN& CO., Ltd.
Sole Agents for
National Cane Shredders,
f Baldwin Locomotives,
Alex. Cross & Sons' Sugar Cane
and Coffee Fertilizers.
SILVER AND PLATED WARE
J.D. KENNEDY Jowolor
THREE REFUSE TO SIGN
PINKHAM'S LABOR REPORT
Members of Labor Commission Representing Trades and
Labor Council Do Not Agree With Report Gov-
1 ernor Carter Disappointed The Purpose of the
Labor Commission Outlined.
The report of the Piiikhnm
Labor Commission, which Presi
dent Piiikhnm of the Board of
Health is understood to have pre
pared for the Governor, does not
bear the signatures of nt least three
members of that body. The mem
bers who have not signed are T.
Calahau, Mnt Heffcrnan and J. J.
Maguire, the representatives fiom
the Trades and Labor Council.
Statements with which the labor
ing people did not approve were
the cause ot their refusal to sign
the report. The history of the part
which the laboring faction took in
the gathering of information and
their subsequent refusil to sign the
report forms quite an interesting
List August Pinkham stated to
the laboring people that he desired
to have three representatives from
the Trades and Labor Council ap
pointed by the chairman to serve
on a committee with three repre
sentatives from the Huilders and
Traders Exchange for the purpose
of investigating the labor condi
tions of these islands. There had
been, Pinkham is quoted as saying,
a lot of talk about the small farmers
and it was desired to prepare some
information on the ge era subject
for the Governor.
The Trades and Labor Council
was not averse to having three of
its members serve on the commit
tee, but the suggtstion that the
members be appointed did not meet
with general approval and after
discussing nud considering the pros
and cons and possibilities, it was
thought best that the representa
tives be elected by the council. The
men elected were Cnlahan, Hefier
nan and Maguire. It was also de
cided by the council that none of
these representatives were to sign
the report until after such report
had been submitted to the council
and the council had given its ap
proval for them to sign. , Pinkham
assured the council that the mem
bers of the council who served
would be paid tor their time
although at that time he did not
say lrom what quarter this money
would be forthcoming.
The commission as appointed
consisted of three members from
the Trades and Labor Council,
Thomas Calahau, Matthew Heffcr
nan and Thomas Maguire, and
three from the Builders' and
and Traders' Exchange, L. E.
Pinkham, J. Rosenstein and S.
When the report was ready Pink
ham was asked for a copy by the
labor members but he refused. The
council decided that a copy of the
report must be supplied to every
union represented in the council in
order that the document could be
thoroughly digested and considered.
The.se copies were finally supplied
and were considered. The council
decided not to allow its representa
tives to sign the report. It was
claimed that the reason that this
position was taken was the fact
that there were some statements in
the report that were contradictions
and were incorrect. One statement
was the assertion that the Japanese
were not aggressive in seeking
higher positions in labor. It was
claimed that this statement was at
variance with the facts.
Governor Carter was much pro
voked at the action of the unions
in opposing the tcport and re
gretted that the work had come to
naught if such were the case. He
stated that he wanted to get at the
facts and it was while he was away
in the East that he wrote Acting
Governor Atkinson and suggested
the formation of the commission
along lines indicated, with Pink
ham in charge of the organization
of the commission's work. ,
With reference to his own por
tion in the matter, Governor Carter
authorized the following statement
"The 'Advertiser' is making a
great ado about the labor investi
gation, and I am perfectly willing
to be interviewed and give to the
public the facts, for it is unfortu
nate that those in control of the
Labor Organizations, while grop
ing and reaching out for better
conditions, should have turned
down a proposition greatly in their
interests; and the day will come
when they will sec their own mis
take and will realize that tin
Advertiser' has done them an ii.-
jury in its antugonism to Mr.
"When East, there was again
forcibly brought to my attention
the ignorance of the people and the
leaders there as to our conditions
here, and it was the impression on
every side that labor out here was
in abject slavery. It is not long
ago since a book was written on
Hawaii, where it told of the nrsenals
kept up by every sugar plantation
here; that the crack of the rifle
and the groan of the dying slave
who had unfortunately prowled
into the Manager's grounds was no
uncommon thing in Hawaii. With
in the last month the Sin Fran
cisco papers contained a statement
of some Porto Ricans from Hawaii,
which shows that the Sail Eran-
cisco papers are still of the opinion
that slavery, in its worst form,
exists in Hawaii. No other thing
impressed me so deeply as the
harm done to the community
through ignorance of labor condi
"While East, in discussing this,
an opportunity came for financial,
assistance to secure reliable data. I
accepted it, and cabled out here to
start an investigation for a report,
bringing the matter down to date,
and suggested Pinkham as the
most intelligent and best friend of
labor in Hawaii to organize it.
knew of no man in Hawaii suffi
ciently intelligent to collect the
data, who would give labor as fair
a representation as M. Pinkham
"The Lobar Organizations re
sponded heartily, and selected a
committee of their leaders, and
they went to work with a will. I
paid 110 further attention to it.
"It now turns out (like all men
enthusiastic in their work) the
matter developed from a simple re
port of statements, into a proposi
tion, made lately to the Planters,
to meet them half way on a solu
tion of the labor difficulties in
Hawaii, going beyond what I
"Their proposition, as I under
stand it, was that they recognized
in our industrial structure built as
it has been and the situation as it
is here, that common Oriental labor
was a neces-ity, and that they were
readv to recommend the admission
of Chinese, so that the balance of
power could be maintained in the
Territory, conditioned upon certain
requirements. The Planters de
murred at first, I am told, and
Pinkham hammered away at them,
and finally succeeded in securing
an arrangement, where practically
the two interests went into partner
ship on equal terms.
"An arbitration committee to
settle nil questions that in future
might arise between the sugar in
terests and labor interests in Hawaii
was provided for. I find thai they
have selected me as the fifth mem
ber or arbitrator; and as the thing
has gone by the board, I am glad
to be relieved of that responsibility.
"The proposition, as I see it, was
greatly in the interests of that re
sult which the 'Advertiser' has
held up as the main cause of its
fight for small farming, in that,
through the small farming move
ment, we would secure the middle
class which nil deem essential to
the well-being of our community.
"The report has grown into a
proposition that has that very
object in view, the increasing of
our middle class in Hawaii by the
plantation owners stipulating to
employ citizens or those eligible to
become citiens in all skilled and
semi-skilled positions surely some
thing that labor organizations
ought to be glad to see put into
"It provided that the Planters
should put up $25,000 to be ex
pended by this arbitration com
mittee in another earnest attempt
to secure common labor from other
than Oriental sources. It did not,
and dons not, express, on the ques
tion -of small farming, other
than the result of the expressions
of the small farmers themselves.
There may have been cases of indi
vidual successful farmers being left
out: but that is not its great object.
To my mind, it is not whether
small farming is a success or not
but to bring these two great
forces of capital and labor together
into harmony, and to provide a
path by which in future they can
keep in harmony.
"Through technicalities, and by
the influence of some percentage
(whether it is a majority or not, I
do not know), the matter h is been
turned down, and exposed by some
member of the Commission before
being presented to me. This is
unfortunate, and cannot be helped.
"Nevertheless, I want that re
port to be sent on. I want the
statement of those at the head of
the unions that turned it down to
go with it. I want the world at
large to know; the efforts we have
made in this direction, and the re
sult. There is nothing dishonest in
our efforts. I cauuot agree with
the 'Advertiser' that publicity is
needed for everything, and I pre
sume it was largely at the wishes
of the members of the Commission
that their plans were kept to them
selves. ''They did not take me into
their confidence and I do not be
lieve Pinkham has improperly
influenced the Commission in its
epdeavor to get at facts. We all
want the truth."
Tluit Armory Job
According to the Honolulu Star,
Superintendent Holloway has re
ceived the following letter bearing
on the Hilo armory contract matter:
C. S. Holloway, Esq., Superinten
dent of Public Works, Hono
lulu. Dear Sir: Reading your contro
versy with a Hilo contractor as to
the employment of Asiatic labor on
the Armory contract, I beg tb state
that I entirely support his views on
the subject and that the contract
should be immediately cancelled
for the further following reasons:
First. I can bring proof that a
keg of 8-penny nails used on the
building was manufactured in Can
ada and consequently was not man
ufactured by citizen labor.
Second. I can also bring proof
that material is furnished daily for
the support of citizen mechanics by
a Chinese, as these men are board
ing at a Chinese restaurant and
that consequently the material in
directly used by these men is not
produced by citizen labor.
Third. A prominent carpenter
working on this building is using a
hammer manufactured in Russia
and consequently cannot hit straight
In view of the above flagrant
breaches of contract, the only course
left open to joti is to immediately
cancel the above contract and give
the otheryinan a show.
In a short while the lumber used
on Government contracts will have
to be grown by citizen labor and
not by the Almighty God.
Trusting this time is near,
Another Unfortunate Contractor.
Germany's "little war" with the
Hottentots has already cost thirty
million dollars, and it may require
another fifty millions to restore
We fail to see wherein our Gor
man friends are making any better
showing in Afiica than did the
British, notwithstanding the boasts
of German generals of what they
could do if given the chance.
Paul Kruger, the late President
of the Transvaal Republic, left a
fortune estimated nt $3,750,000.
Poverty, at all events, Uul not
figure 111 his worries!
UKSTITUTK 1'OHTO ItKHN'S.
Arrive From Ilimnll to llecomo
t'liargr In California.
San Francisco, Dec. 14. In the
damp squalor of Hinckley nllcy
nud the narrow streets of Telegraph
Hill, 500 Porto Ricans are destitute
and near starvation. In a short
time they will dumber 5000 helpless
people in a strange laud. They
have come from the sugar planta
tions on Hawaii, where three years
ago 5000 Porto Ricans were teken
under contract to the sugar plant
ers. The contracts have expired
and the forlorn exiles have drifted
back to this city without money or
mean of supporting themselves.
Their only opening seems to be in
the ranks of the criminals, unless
the municipality relieves their piti
able condition, or the United
States Government comes tc the
rescue of the helpless people, who
arc practically its wards.
It is a social problem in destitu
tion the like of which San Fran
cisco has not faced belore.
The demand for relief is imme
diate and the hegira from Hawaii
is inevitable. When three years
ago the natives were persuaded to
leave Porto Rico it was a business
venture on the part of several
planters to secure expert sugar
workers, and the far-reachiuu
effects of the wholesale exodus
were not remolelyly appreciated.
The exiles do not care to return
to Porto Rico, save in occasional
instances, where family ties have
withstood the associations of exile,
for they say under existing condi
tions of change and adjustment
their daily wage would only be
from 10 to 15 cents.
There seems to be 110 inclination
to renew the Hawaiian contracts
from cither side. The inevitable
result is that the whole 5000 will
be dumped in San Francisco within
a short period for sufficient money
for the voyage across the Pacific is
provided in the stipulation. S. F.
To Pleuso Men.
Those people who have never
been fortunate enough to visit
North Carolina will surely want to
go there after reading Mrs. Lindsay
Patterson's description of it at the
recent biennial of the National
Fedirationof Women's Clubs in
St. Louis, as the State "where
men still believe in God and read
"It is also a land where every
body is kin to everybody else," she
continued, "and where friendships
descend from father to son as a
most valuable family inheritance.
And what of the women? Well,
we do as we please, and we please
to please the men. Even at this
distance one can fancy what a
"turn" (that must have given the
assembled sisters. And why not?
They love us more smothered ex
citement in the audience, and if it
lay in their power, our pathway
would be strewn with roses from
the cradle to the grave. Now, if
you will remember that, whether
in the federation or out of it, our
men come first, you will under
stand why we, as clubwomen, do
some things so well, and do not do
other things at all."
Among the things that these
North Carolina clubwomen elect to
do is to manage travelling libraries.
Last year they sent out sixty-three.
Civil Service reform they let alone.
This is to please the men. "Civil
Service reform borders on politics,
and our men have spoken in no
uucertain terms concerning it."
Hygienic Value of Sunday.
Sunday is not only a religious
but a hygienic institution, according
to Lady Violet Greville in The
Loudon Graphic. It is beneficent
in its uses, morally and physically.
How workers should best spend
the Sunday is still a moot question,
but that it should be time of soul re
freshment and recreation, n moment,
as Miss Corelli expresses it, "for
standing nud taking breath on the
threshold of another week," a sea
son for thought, for intellectual en
joyment, for the solace of nature,
and the admiration of its wonders
and beauty, 110 sensible person will
be likely to deny. Whether motor
ing and card-playing is the best
wav to attain these ends must be
left to each individual's judgment,
If ynur muscles aro soro, bonos
nnho. Joint fcul stiff, and if tmlm
dart through )oiirhody, it is probably
rlieuini'.tlsin. Purify your blood, get
out nil tlio rheumatism poison ua
noud of your sufloring In this way.
Wo havo tho following tetter from Mr. It.
T. Kowald, of Mnnnum, So. Australia. Mr.
Kowald alto sonds bis photograph.
"1 Buttered Rrcatly with rheumatism,
which laid me up for a long time I tried a
I'reat many medicine,, but thoy were of llttlo
or no use. A friend who bad taken Ayer'a
lluraaparllla Induced mo to try It. 1 thought
It would lie Jmt like, all the other medicines.
Hut thoro wis a great and pleatant surprise
In itnro lor nio, for after taxing one bottle. I
was better, 'ibo swelling began to go down,
the pains liegau to leave me, and I felt better
In orory way. After Uklmj only llro bottles
1 was completely curod. While-1 was taking
tho Uarsaparilla 1 alvi took Ayer's Villa to
keep my bowols iu good condition."
Tbcro aro many Imitation RarsaparlUas.
Ho suro you got " Ayers.
"Vepifil ty Dr. J. C. A yer Co., Lowell, Mu U. S. A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY.
Matson Navigation Go.
The only Direct Line between San Fran
cisco and Hilo, Comprising the
following Past Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bark RODERICK DHU
Bark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tug CHAS. COUNSELMAN
nd other Specially Chartered vessels
makes this trip with at least one of these
boats each month, carrying both Freight
For dates of sailing and terms,
(no. D. Spreckels & Bros. Co,
337 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. GUARD, Agent,
FOR RATES, HLANKS, KTC.
E. E. RICHARDS
AGENT INTER-ISLAND TELE
GRAPH CO., HILO.
Waiakea Boat House
R.A. LUCAS & CO., Prop'rs.
WAIAKEA BRIDGE, HILO
HAVE NOW A FLEET OF f f
and Small Boats
FOR PUJ1LIC HIRE
J 1 assengcrs and baggage taken to and
j from vessels iu the harbor at reasonable
rates. Launches and row boats to hire
J lor private picnics and moonlight rides.
RING UP ON TELEPHONE
AGENl'S FOR '
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-starter and reversible engine. In
practicability it is equal to the steam en
gine. Sizes from I li. p. upwnrds.
Hosts fitted with this engine or frames ot
any size to order. For particulars apply
to R. A. LUCAS 'Mnutiger