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THE WEEKLY IHI.d TRlBUNIi, illl.0, HAWAII, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY J8, 1905.
Can be greatly relieved, by our
Syrup oi White Pine
and ordinary coughs are
quickly cured. It is one of
those remedies that begin to
help from the first dose, nnd
the quicker you take this dose
the quicker you will be cured.
TRY IT NOW
II. L. SHAW, - Manager
SERRAO LIQUOR GO
Complete Stock of Finest Tnble
Wines, Beers, Whiskies, Gins,
Brandies nnd Liqueurs.
Sole A Kent for
Serrao Block, Shipuinn Street
Telephone No. 7
THE UNION SALOON
Always on Hand:
Of Wines, Liquors, Beers
Mixed Drinks a Specialty
Draught and Bottled
lOc Per Class
Telephone No. 7
J. G. SERRAO, - Manager
Direct Line between SAN FRANCISCO
Hark St. Catharine, Capt. Saunders
Hark Amy Turner, Capt. Warland
Iturk Martha Davis, Capt. McAllman
For freight and passage apply to
WELCH A CO., Agents, San Francisco
C. BREWER 4 CO., Ltd., Agents,
H. Hackfeld &Co Ltd.
Union Barber Shop.
CANARIO & STONE, Props.
Wo Shavo, Cut Hair and
Shampoo at Lot-Live Rates
All razors cleaned with antiseptics after
Perfumes of the finest quality kept in
stock, a trial of which is solicited.
Pompoinn Massago Croam
We also takeparticular pains with Chil
Union Building, Waiauuenue St.
WM. G. IRWIN& CO., Lid.
Sole Agents for
National Cane Shredders,
Alex. Cross & Sons' Sugar Cane
and Coffee Fertilizers.
All ireight sent to ships by our launches
will b charged to shippers unless nccom.
panie 1 by a written order from the cap.
tains of vessels.
jutf R. A. LUCAS & CO.
TO BE IN NAME ONLY
Commission's Compromise Bill Gives Form but not
Substance of County Government Power to Levy
and Collect Taxes Fundamental Principle of Self
Government Is Eliminated.
H11.0, Hawaii, Feb. 24, 1905.
Tim Editor Uii.o Tribune, Ililo,
Dear Sir: In your issue of Inst
Tttescjay, February 21st, you give a
summary of the compromise county
bill fiunlly agreed upon by the
County Act Commission. This
measure is made up of two drafts
heretofore submitted by the Com
mission, one known as Cooper-Wat
son bill and the other as the McCant
Stewart bill, and, like most com
promises, includes the woist feature
or the Stewart bill, 111 that way it'
deprives the counties of all revenue,
andlnakcs them depend upon the
bounty of the Legislature for the
means to carry on their govern
ments. I doubt whether many of
your readers have given any
thought to this feature of the bill,
or considered what the result nf its
passage would be; certainly I have
found very few who understood it.
A good deal of thought has been
given to the question whether there
shall be one or two comities on the
island of Hawaii; and still more on
the question of whether the super
visor's should be elected, but I have
found no discussion of the vital
principle of the bill the very soul
of local self-government except by
Mr. E. M. Watson, one of the
County Act Commissioners. He,
alone of the Commission, voted
against that provision in the com
promise bill, which, he said, robbed
it of the fundamental principle of
county government, and which, if
it remain in the Act, will make
county government a mockery.
The form and semblance of county
government wilt be there, but it
will be as lifeless clay.
The measure agreed upon by the
Commission, and which is to be
submitted to the Legislature, leaves
out all provision for county revenue,
and all returns from income taxes,
personal taxes, properly taxes,
specific taxes, inheritance taxes,
license fees, water rales, court fees;
all income, in fact, from whatever
source derived, is to' be turned in
to the Territorial treasury as at
The county act of 1903 contained
this provision for the maintenance
of the counties:
"The following funds shall be
paid into the treasury of the county
for the puipose of defraying county
1. All income taxes, pofl taxes,
specific tax on personal property,
and tax collected for county reve
2. All license fees except license
fees for the practice of medicine,
pharmacy, surgery and dentistry.
3. All fees nud costs collected
by the district magistrates or circuit
courts within the county.
4. All fees arising under anv
law relative to the storage of
5. All water works charges col
lected within the county.
6. All fees paid to the county
recorder for the registration of in
struments required to be recorded.
7. All receipts from any county
8. All receipts from registry of
9. All receipts for storage of
powder under the provisions of any
10. All fees or costs collected
11. All fees arising 'rem the in
spection of weights snd measures.
12. All fees arising from sewer
age and garbage charges.
13. All fees or costs collected
by any county officer by virtue of
his office, or arising from the sale
j or lease of property by this Act or
any law of the Territory of Hawaii
placed under the control of such
Hut where do the counties come
in under the pending bill? .Why!
they must go before the Legislature,
by means of their representatives,
and plead for an appropriation for
this public improvement or thnt,
exactly as we have to do now.
Does anyone call that local self
t'ovcrnmeut? The only difference
between county government of that
brand nud the present centralized
government is that the puppets,
called supervisors, would be per
mitted to have the money pass
through their hands from the Tcr-
ritoiial treasury to the clerks uud
employes under them; to pass such
harmless police regulations as b -
long to a little town council in the
States; nud prepare an estimate of
expenditures for salaries and pay
rolls and fur public improvements
and submit it to the Legislature.
But as for power to make public
improvements, or to advance the
prosperity of their counties in any
way, there is absolutely none, lor
every power that they might right
fully possess, every opportunity to
advance the welfare of their com
munity, has been carefully elimin
ated from the bill.
If the County Act passes with
this provision in it the opponents
of county government will laugh in
their sleeves, for they will know
that they have as effectually killed
self-government as if the bill had
been lost by an adverse vote of the
Lcgisl?ture, or had been declared
unconstitutional by the supreme
court. A number of the members
of both houses of the Legislature
are opposed to county government,
in spite of their ante-election
pledges, and they will try to kill
the measure directly, for they have
not the courage to vote against it
directly, and they will all vote for
the bill with this provision in it,
fully aware that a county govern
ment without the power to collect
and disburse its own revenues will
be nothing but a stuffed image.
If we really want county govern
ment; if we want the right to con
trol our own destinies; if we want
to handle our own money instead
of having a bare pittance doled out
to us by the Legislature every two
years, now is the time for us to
speak, Every organization in the
county the Hilo Board of Trade,
the Young Men's Republican Club,
the men of the community without
distinction of race or politics should
speak now, and speak in 110 uncer
tain tones, in bitter opposition to
this scheme to give us the husks of
a county government with the very
essence of self-government lelt out.
We should send down a vigorous
protest to our representatives in the
Senate and House to oppose this
proposition, and even to vote ngninst
the county bill altogether rather
than accept one with the vital spark
killed within it.
An Old-Link Riu-uhlican.
PlantSoll From Olan.
A Hilo resident has received a
request for fifteen bags of Olaa
earth for use in a Honolulu garden.
It is staled that the decomposed
lava character of the Olaa soil has
growing qualities unexcelled by
sand or common earth, or a mix
ture of both. The volcanic soil re
tains the heat and moisture at the
same time, two qualities iudispensi
hie to plant life. For growing vio
lets, roses, house palms nud plants,
the correspondent says the Olaa
soil is unequalled.
A German friend admired the
beautiful plains grown in beds made
of a quantity of volcanic soil brought
from Olaa, and remarked "Achl
vat it iss, the violets up here so fine
do crow?" The writer risks that a
ton of the earth be shipped to him
at once, as he desires to make other
plants as well as violets "crow."
The shipment goes down by the
John Paul Jour.
"He did not fulfill his destiny,"
said Napoleon when reviewing the
short bill splendid career of John
I'nul 'Jones. "Had he lived to
command the French fleet nt Trafal
gar, the history of the world might
have been chnnged."
John Paul Jones was credited by
the master of the art of wnr witli
greater naval capacity than Lord
Nelson, n judgment in which some
cautious historians coincide. Al
though he rarely had a chance to
prove his worth, when life did get
it, even though his ships were out
classed by the enemy's, nnd in spite
of treason nt his elbow, he made
sea power felt as it had not been
felt before since the days of the
Armada. Few men ever fought
under more untoward circum
stances. Refused the command of
a frigate by - n Congress which
judged naval claims by n political
standard, he was forced to go to sea
in a third-rate ship, yet he did more
brilliant service than any of his
successful rivals for high place. In
the navy of France, though made a
chevalier by the King, the machina
tions of jealous ship-captains again
kept him from getting the ship he
wanted. As Lord High Admiral of
Russia, and the favorite of Cath
erine, lie was once more uaitceu by
the jealousy of his naval inferiors.
Yet in spite of it all what he did on
the sea lives impcrishably in the
speech of men; and it was great
enough to have made Napoleon
salute his memory.
President Roosevelt's proposal to
search for the ashes of the great
commander nnd, if found, bring
them to America for burial under a
suitable monument, will please the
people to whose enjoyment of
political liberty the sea vktories of
John Paul- Jones so largely con
tributed. Jones, it is true, was not
American born. He was a Scotch-
man, and a citizen of the world,
but his fame rests upon the battles
he won under the Stars and Stripes.
Utopian Factory Town.
An industrial town unlike any
other in the world is about to rise
near Loudon. It is to be called
Garden City, because every house
will be surrounded by a garden.
Ebenezer Howard is the projector
of this Utopia and he has, after
many years, induced rich philan
thropists to form a stock company
and furnish the large capital neces
sary to begin the work.
There is to be one family to each
house, flats and two-family houses
being absolutely barred, the total
population is not to exceed 30,000
and a maximum of one-sixth of the
town area is to be given up to build
ings. There are to be factories,
but every window of these is to be
a window garden. Meat is to be
supplied direct from the surround
ing farms; each family is to grow
its own vegetables on its own land;
cows are to be pastured iu the town
and each house is to be hygienic
and pretty. Garden City is to be
governed by a board of managers
and is to be managed strictly as a
business enterprise. There is no
thing socialistic about it and the
residents will have little to say about
the government of the place.
The projectors expect to scatter
such Garden Cities all over Eng
Will Elect Olllcors.
The Hilo Tennis Club will meet
this evening nt the Board of Trade
rooms at 8 o'clock for the purpose
of electing oflicrs. All members
of the Club are requested to be
present as arrangements will be
made for a tenuis tournament to be
held some time during the mouth
of April. This tournament will be
confined to members only, the con
test open for all will be held prob
ably 011 the 4th of July.
The African explorer, Shillings,
has brought to Berlin an extraordi
nary interesting series of photo
graphs of wild animals taken by
themselves. His method was to
attach to a piece of meat a string,
which, on being touched, brought
on n flashlight exposure. Leopards,
hyenas, lions, apes, zebras and
other animals were thus taken iu
the most diverse attitudes.
HUltllKNDKKKIi TOO 1MKI.V.
Mm. HIocmcI Should Hut" livid
Mr. Ashmcad Bnttlctt, son of
Ashmcnd-Hartiett of the British
Parliament, and step-sou of the fa
mous Baroness Btirdett-Coutts, was
a through passenger on the Siberia
yesterday from the Far East to Lon
don. Mr. Bartlett has been reptcs
cntiiig the Loudon Times with the
Japanese investing nrmy before
Port Arthur, and entered the fnllcn
city with the victors on January 12.
"General Stoessel can only be
ranked as a second-rate defender of
a great fortress," said Mr. Bartlett
yesterday aboard the Siberia. "He
should have held out nt least three
months longer, but he came to the
dividing line between humanity and
military glory, and gave in. The
surrender was somewhat of a sur
prise, for it was bslieved that Stoes
sel would hold on like grim death
to the last ditch.
"There has never been a siege
like that nt Port Arthur since that
at Sebastopol. It was a great de
fense ns far ns it went, but Russia
loses the glory of it by Stoessel's
early surrender. My opinion is
that instead of attaining a first place
iu military annals as a commander
of n besieged fortress, Stoessel must
be content with a second place.
"Stoessel was far from being the
moving spirit in the defense of Port
Arthur Russians admit that Kou
drcchcncko, the engineer whe forti
fied Port Arihur, was the main
spring of the defence, and that
when he was killed the troops lo$t
heart. Even these officers," point
ing to a group of Russian naval offi
cers from the broken Port Arthur
fleet who-are through passengers
on the Siberia, "say that Kondre
chencko's death was the turning
point in the defense.
"As to the investing army, I do
not believe soldiers could be more
brave. The Japanese have shown
themselves wonderful fighters, and
in the long siege of Port Arthur,
with the deadly assaults, where
thousands and thousands were
slaughtered, they showed their mili
tarism to the highest degree.
"The. Russians, I feel certain,
had four mouths' provisions when
they surrendered. When I entered
Port Arthur the effect of the bom
bardment was shown iu the old
town. It was ripped to pieces in
places. The warships were all
sunk in the harbor. From what I
learned there most of them were
sunk by shells. These Russian
officers have admitted this to me.
The Longest Xiimo 011 Iteeord.
The following remarkable letter,
with its still more remarkable
signature, was received at the Gov
ernor's office yesterday:
"The Governor of the Govern
ment of the Territory, Greeting.
"Will you be kind enough, the
man in power, not to give the
Crown Lands to Lilikalani now
petitioning the United States Con
gress. Will you firmly hold this
Crown Lauds of Kamchameha in
the name of Kaaiiaanamokauea
halepobai. "I desire to see you. I am the
Hawaiian woman that hoisted the
American flag when the Hawaiian
flag was lowered, and I was the
one who made a speech at the tunc
the judge sailed on the steamer
Alameda last year. I am, yours.
KUHALIJI'OHAI." CRESCENT CITY
The Old Reliable Stand is
Razors honed, Scissors and all edged
tools perfectly ground. Satisfac
tmovi'v capitis is'r.
Koa Lumber in small and large quanti
ties; well seasoned.
'Furniture made to order, any style
wanted.- Repairs made on any kind ol
furniture. Prices moderate.
Sorrao Cabinet Shop,
Apply 10JOSE G, SERRAO.
A Life Saved
Novit clvo up. N11 iiiattor how 111
you tiro. Aer'.SaKatarill,tlmsruriMl
Mr. Tl'oi. II. Caihol, Barrel Creek, Drip
stone, New Boiitli Wales, wrltrsi
"I f vl It my duty t let sulfrrlnc; ikhipIo
l-.tior vlut 11 vriiiiilcrful IiIimmI tiurirylof;
til's! ii'tno liAycr's KirN-ip-trllla. My lllntss
liiuaii vltli slurp vain In tlio IIiiiIm, wliilo
1 hi li-iiiilllni; 't wixil. ATter a lUy or
li' 1 onltl lint wnlk.nnd mifTcrril tcrrllilo
Ul M faco liinioil nearly Mark, largo
it'll h' it'll' rat.io iiitull(ncriiiy lnly,Bnd
lli";i I iH'canioilclirltm. I was In two lion
11lt.1l fr mime tlmo, Mini fiery tiling was
trljil, lull I ;rmv tiiiker anil weaker. ami
lJ.lliif) cutiTlliiviI tint tmtlillitf coulil bo
iliui'i for me, I m lieanl m much alxnit
AyurVi RirMiurMU Hut 1 thought I would
pfvo Itu trial ns tlio laxt hflin. Alter taking
nun Imttlu I tliniiu'lit I ftilt a. little better.
Ki I (itorurcil aimtlier Imttlo, nnil tlicn an
iitliT, niul Mill another. I crailiully lin
irovoil, and in iluo tlmo left my Uil for
ill' 1IIAI IIIIIO 111 Hit milium. I mil lluw ia
K'xiil health, nnd I nay lo every ono that
1 t iir'a i. 1 ru inivllli uliul till 1 1 ft '
jvi MiimiMlili t cjivh vi
Tlicrn nr m-iti
ny Imitation RarMparlllij.
?i ififcl ty nr. 1. C. A) er Co., Lowell, Mui., U. S. A.
For Salo by HILO DRUG COMPANY?
Matson Navigation Go.
the only Direct Line, between San Fran-
cIsco and Hilo, Comprising the
following Past Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bark RODERICK DHU
Bark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tug CHAS. COUNSELMAN
nd other Specially Chartered rcssels
makes this trip with at least one of these
boats each mouth, carrying both Freight
For dates of sailing and terms,
(no. D. Sprechels & Bros. Co,
327 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. GUARD, Agent,
FOR RATES. BLANKS, ETC.
E. E. RICHARDS
AGENT INTER-ISLAND TELE
GRAPH CO.. HILO.
Waiakea Boat House
R.A. LUCAS & CO., Prop'rs.
WAIAKEA BRIDGE, HILO
HAVE NOW A FLEET OP
.and Small Boats
FOR PU1ILIC HIRE
I asscngers nnd bnggnge token to and
from vessels iu the harbor at reasonable
rales. Launches and rowbouls to hire
for private picnics and moonlight rides.
RING UP ON TELEPHONE
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-starter and reversible engine In
practicability it is equal to the steam en
gine. Sizes from l'i h. p. upwards.
Boats fitted with this engine or frames ot
any size to order. For particulars apply
to R. A, LUCAp 'Manager