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THI WtiEKXY iilLd TRIBUNE, HILO, HAWAII, TUESDAY, MARCH 7. !9ty
Ijc Silo vUmu
TUESDAY, - MARCH 7, 1905.
Enteied at the rostofficc at Htln, Ha
wall, as second-class matter v
runusnnn kvrrv tuhsdav.
J. Castlk Ridoway - Editor
D. W. Marsh Business Manager.
THE I'KDAUOHUEH MEBT.
NO SIGN POSTS.
Comment hns been made by
passing tourists on the nbsence of
sign boards or guide posts on
Hilo's thoroughfares designnling
directions o' various points of inter
est in the vicinity. It is very prop
erly said that in the immediate
neighborhood of Hilo there are
many if not more novel and beauti
ful sights than can be seen In Hono
lulu, yet a stranger can only find
information regarding such places
by diligent inquiry, which often
results in discouragement or mis
information regarding the worth of
such trips. At present tourists to
the islands are informed about the
Volcano as the only object of inter
est on Hawaii, whereas there arc
many points which would attract
the tourists' eye, if pioper atten
tion were called to them. A
pamphlet or small guide-book de
tailing a few of the principal points
InMrnctlrfl Meeting of Trnclicr at
On Friday, March 3, 1905, the Hilo
Touchers' Union met at 9:00 a. in. in
their usual place of assembly, the Union
School, Vice-President Miss Ward pre
siding. About fifty members and visitors
The meeting was opened hy prayer
and the roll call answered hy the names
and effects of decisive battles. The min
utes of the last meeting were read and
approved. No new business was brought
before the body.
Itcfore taginnlni; the program proper
the Hilo Boarding School boys sang n
With a third grade class Miss Bonn-
enberg illustrated her way of conducting
a language lesson hy the five step
method. The subject was "The Little
Match Girl." Miss Bohucnbcrg stated
that children should nut Ik; interrupted
In telling n story for the purpose ol cor
recting their language, such corrections
should lie mnde from their written productions.
"Literature in Primary Grades" was
the subject of n lecture by Miss M. I'.
Potter. By the study of literature in our
schools Is meant the introduction of
chlhlrcd into book land the cultivating
of a friendship for authors. The chief
objects of the study were given to Ik:
1. Its ethical value. a. its) aid in the cul
tivation of memory. 3. Its aid to expres
sion. 4. High schools and universities
require It. 5. It is a preparation for life.
A suggestive and tentative list of poems,
stories and books, arranged to suit the
various grades was on the black boar.'.
These were divided into: 1. Memory
work. a. Story telling and reading. In
third year a sense of chronology
Historical Hkrleli of
Knrly HlniKKlo. '
Rev. Walter C. Stcwsfft gave a
brief historical sketch of the Wald-
enses, who played so important
part in the political and religious
history of Europe, and who arc
now carrying on a great religious
work today in Italy and other parts
of the continent. In opening his
remarks, Dr. Stewart said in de
scribing the Waldcnscs it vw im
possible to disassociate the people
from their church, nnd his sketch
treated as much of the history of
the church as of the people:
"In the region of the lower slopes
of the Cottinn Alps, some thirty
Ucattercd all over Europe. Italy
was naturally the chief field of labor,
and here the greatest persecutions
of these people occurred. Thirty
three regular persecutions are re
corded in the history of the Walden-
ses, besides numberless little iso
lated attacks at various times. For
four hundred years there is a cons
tant record of efforts to exterminate
these heretics from the faith. The
only thing to marvel at is the heroic
braver of these people in all the
fierce conflicts and the immense
slaughter they have sustained."
The speaker then recounted the
succession of persecutions, which
swept over these sturdy people,
from 1215, when the Latcrn Council
decreed their extermination "In
THE HILO TRIBUNE'S MAIL CHART
MAILS ARRIVE IN HONOLULU AND DEPART AS FOLLOWS:
nf itirrict nhmit IMo Olid llOW to
rpnoli ilipm. would be a valuable t,,u
investment by the Hilo Board ofk'ouW be developed. MlssPotter made
Trade. Where is Hilo's promotion
A BUMP AHEAD.
Because the public has shown
such patient tolerance for past de
lays in putting into execution a
system of county government, it is
no excusevfor further trifling with
the people's wishes and failure to
enact a bona fide county act at the
present session of the legislature. It
has been suggested that the major
ity of the legislators are not heartily
in favor of a county law, and pro
pose indirectly or otherwise to
mrike a county act which may be
become ineffective because of con fit ci
with the organic act. The repub
lican party is pledged to vcounty
government, and political treachery
although covertly done, will not be
countenanced by the voters.
Patience has its limitations and
those legislators who now enjoy
political preferment, may, by their
dilatory conduct, get bumped some
fine day with such a jar as will last
them for many years to come.
1. 1 T3
Diversified industries is a broad
subject and outside of the sugar in
dustry offers a wide field of investi
gation and labor. No greater
service can be done the community
than disseminating such knowledge
as is asked for by the hat manu
facturers of Florence, Italy, con
cerning the supply ot island bam
boo. There are as many other lines
in which raw material producable
or now growing wild in Hawaii can
be converted into a profitable busi
ness by scores of people. Let us
develop our resources new latent
but stagnant for want of proper ad
vertisement and attention.
Judok Wjjavkr's recommend
ations for a modification of the
present lame homestead exemption
law, are timely and to the point. A
citizen should have reserved for the
use of his family, free from execu
tion for debt, the homestead which
he calls his home. Such a law ex
empting from forced sale, the family
homestead of a reasonable value or
area, could be enacted which would
be fair to the homesteader and
creditor alike. The present statute
is so ambiguous as to leave the in
tent of the legislature passing the
law, a matter of very grave doubt.
At TUB request of a number of
persons we print for the benefit of
Tribune readers a summary of
Rev. W. C. Stewart's historical
sketch of the Waldenses delivered
at the teachers meeting last Friday.
Aside from the difference of opin
ion as to the propriety of discussing
religious subjects before an assem
bly of teachers, the paper shows
a close research into the history of
the sturdy people of the mountains
of Italy who secured religious liber
ty after a long series cf struggles
dating from the fourth century.
Milton V. Holmks was one of
those quiet, gcntlecharacters, whose
friendship it was a pleasure to
possess and whose death is a loss to
the community in which he lived
and shed the kindly influence of his
a plea for preparation on the part of the
teacher. One should have a thorough
knowledge of the poem or prose extract
to be taught. Its setting should be clear.
Otic should cultivate the ability to read
to the class with effect jo as to secure
attention. First, middle and last, the
teacher should be enthusiastic. Before
hearing a poem or story read the class
may need some preparation so that they
will readily grasp the meaning of the
allusions therein. The setting should be
clear in their mind. In fact the story
might be told in a simple way but not so
as to reach the climax.
Rev. W. C. Stewart delivered n very
elaborate lecture on the "Waldenses,"
giving a most vivid picture of their
home, their character, their missionary
work and the brutal persecutions to
which they were subjected. The lecturer
was accorded a vole of thanks for his
The session after recess was opened by
a song by the Hilo Boarding School
Mr. C. O. Smith explained a few ol
the chemical and physical properties of
the air around u as he would in a talk
to his pupils. Many attractive experi
ments were performed to show the pres
sure of the air and the work oxygen has
to perform in the economy of nature.
Mrs. Hitchcock read a carefully pre
pared papeion "School Hygiene," show
ing the importance of a clear understand
ing of the subject by the teacher. The
school building should be so placed as to
secure the best sanitary results. Its
architecture should be such as to afford
proper lighting, ventilation and cleanli
ness. The sight is often impaired by
poor or glaring light, bad posture, in
ferior print and paper, smull writing and
pale ink. Simple tests were shown for
detecting normal or abnormal vision,
and the delicacy of hearing. When de
fects are discovered in the eye or ear a
properly qualified practitioner should
examitic the subject and administer
The next meeting will he held on May
19, with A. V. Carvalho and the Miss.cs
Sumner and Ewaliko as program com
Klunu Departures, Mnrch 8.
Mrs. J. W. Couradt and daughter, Miss
Lady Macfarlane, Mrs. K. P. Low, Mrs.
W. N. McKenzic, Geo. R. Field nnd
wife, S. Dowsett, Mis. R. D.Johns, Miss
S. Truelson, N. C. Willfong, O. Hillificld,
Rev. II. F. Clinton. II. F. Humphris,
Rev. Wingfield Digi.y, R. W. Hendry,
Miss Lena Deverlll, Mrs, Rcinhart, Sam
Wight, Mrs. J. T. McDonald, C. D.
Hunter, Jas. Hunter, F. C. Smith, O. E.
Wall, Capt. J, E. Eldert and two sons, J.
Nakookoo, MissS. L.Mitchell, Miss J.
Veeder, Mrs. S. L. Richards, A. Rich
ards, G. R. Richards; Mrs. C. II. Smith,
Mrs. W. W. Harris, Mrs. C. Brown anil
child, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Sheldon, Mrs.
C.Thayer, Mrs. Marstou Campbell, Dr.
W. A. Long, wife nnd child, Mrs. Hollo
way, Miss Hollowny, C. C. Von Humtn,
Dr. R. W. Anderson, Mr. nnd Mrs. W.
Love, A. Humburg, J. T. Moir, Samuel
Whooping Cough In Jtimnlcn.
During the epidemic of whooping
cough which was prevalent in Ja
maica, Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy was freely used. Mr. J. Riley
Bennett, Chemist at Brown's Town,
Jamaica, says of it: "I cannot speak
too highly for this remedy. It has
never failed in a case where I have
recommended it and grateful
mothers are daily thanking trie for
advising them to use it." For sale
( Dyrtlio Drug L'o.
those who.sav it
from the Latin 'valles
miles southwest of Turin, lying bc-t22othc inquisition was established
tween Mont Gents on the north and
Monte Vi.-o on the south, are three
valleys, where the Waldenses live
and move and have their home."
The speaker, said he had visited
these people and their history had
impressed him greatly. "The
scenery is mixed, combining the
rugged, rocky aspects of the Alpine
mountains with the more peaceful
and fertile features of the valleys.
This was a fit type of the characler
of the inhabitants rugged, yet
peaceful in their nature, but firm as
the rocks in their resistance to any
attack on their principles. This
limited rcL'ion has been the theatre
of some of the most horrible cruel
ties ever perpetrated in the sacred
name of religion.
"There is a difference of opinion
ns-to the origin of the name Walde
sian. There arc
densac' the dense valleys of Pied
mont and was applied to the dwel
lers therein. Others arc equally
positive that it was derived from
Peter Waldo, a merchant of Lyons,
who played a conspicuous part in
the propogation of the opposition to
the Roman clement in the church,
at the end of the twelfth century.
"The Waldenses belonged to the
primitive and undivided church.
They have always claimed an
Apostolic descent and remained
true to their origiual simplicity of
faith and practice. Their opposition
to any change from that simplicity
has in all ages been their character
istic mark. There are abuudent
proofs of their long fidelity to the
Bible and their constant protesta
tion against encroaching error on
the part o the Bishops of Turin
and Milan, commencing as early
as the fourth century and
continuing still uusileuced in the
ninth. Claude, Archbishop ol
Turin, a Spaniard by birth, was
one of the first most instrumental in
leading the opposition to the grow
ing innovations both as to doctrine
and ritual pratice by the Roman
section of the church. Claude's
first act after attaining bis Bishopric
was to destroy the images which
had been introduced into the chur
ches and to abolish all ceremonies
wjhjch he deemed contrary, to primi
tive use. After his death, protes
tations against pipal assumption
grew fainter and fainter until they
were entirely hushed, and the lone
ly Church of the Valleys became
the sole witness of the west to the
secession from the Catholic unity."
Later in the twelfth century, the
Waldensian sentiment revived, and
the struggle continued under vari
ous leaders, such as Claude, De
Bruis, Henri, Arnold, Waldo and
others. "For the next two centu
ries," said Rev. Stewert, "we find the
conditions peculiar and the doctrines
of the Waldenses resembling those
of the Wesleyan movement of later
date. For the majority of them
lived in outward communion with
the Church. They subscribed to all
the articles of the Appostles' Creed
and the decrees of the first four
councils. They revived the sacra
ments of Baptism and the Holy
Communion from the regular priest
hood, acknowleged the seven sacra
ments but gave them a spiritual
interpretation. It was as if they
regarded themselves as a society
within the Church, for the special
purpose of opposing false doctrines
and innovations in ritual and to
protest against the license of the
"From the Valleys of the Pied-.
uiont, the doctrine of the Waldenses
In Languedoc. Between 1230 and
1250 Gregory the Ninth directed a
fierce attack on the Waldencsian
settlements in the north of Italy,
and monuments in Florence today
commemorate the victories of Peter
of Verona over the heretics. On
Christmas day, 1400, the troops
came into one of the hamlets as
the people were celebrating the
day. They fled to the mountains,
but many were butchered in the
flight. In the year 1488 came one
of the fiercest persecutioua that the
Waldenses endured. Pope Innocent
the Eighth issued a bull for their
extermination, in which he said
The chief means of seduction by
which Satan has endowed these
heretics is a great appearance qf
virtue and godliness. Anyone who
will kill one of them will have full
pardon for all his sins, and if any
one will get hold of their properties,
they may keep them as lawful
possession.' After stubborn light
ing mid ulrrmjr ri;istnnrf tho trnntvs
... ....- ..-.. .- .-
prevailed, aim three thousand men
and women and four hundred
children were put to death with
torture." Other persecutions rav
aged these people, the last great
affliction in the sixteenth century
lasted twenty years, fron 1562 to
1582. Ten thousand were swept
away in 1830 by a plague brought
by the French soldiers.
"A massacre in 1655 is called
'The Piedmontese Kaster,' and
was so atrocious that protests came
pouring into the court of Savoy
from every Protestant power, and
the English ambassador delivered a
peremptory demand from Cromwell
for its cessation. It was this mas
sacre that moved Milton to write
the poem commencing:
Avenge, O Lord, Thy slaughtered saints,
Lie- scattered on the Alpine mountains
"Innocent the Tenth had recalled
the privileges of worship which had
been granted by their Princess, and
a society had been established in
Piedmont for the extinction of the
"On the eve of Easter day the
massacre commenced. Seven thous
and were slaughtered on that day,
babes torn from their mothers'
arms and dashed against the rocks,
aud girls, women, and old folks
tortured with every circumstance of
fiendish barbarity. Because of the
protests of other nations, the Duke,
in August, consented to peace aud
permitted the Waldenses to return
to their homes, giving them some
liberty to worship.
"Forty-two men in all survived
who had been living in the moun
tains for mouths, feeding on the
flesh of wolves. This little company
was allowed to emigrate to Switzer
land, where, later, they were joined
by 3,000 more from various places.
It was in 1986 that the Waldenses,
through the intervention of the
foreign powers, had made secured
peace on the condition of emigration.
"Not till 1840 did the suffering
for their faith cease," in which year
Charles Albert issued an edict of
emancipation, conferring on the
Waldensiansfull liberty of concience
aud making them in all respects the
political equals of the .rest "of his
subjects." When peace was re
stored the missionary zeal of the
Waldenses led them to establish
missions throughout Italy and
other countries of Europe, and a
handsome church edlfic now stands
on one of the principal streets of
the Eternal city.
Vessels whose names appear OVER the date ARRIVE from the Coast.
Vessels whose names appear BELOW the date DEPART for the Const.
Destination of Vessels!) To San Francisco; ft) To Colonics; (1) To
Victoria; II. C; () To Yokohama.
Si S. Kinau departs from Hilo for Honolulu every Friday at 10:00 a. in.
S. S. Mauna Loa'atnail closes in Hilo on Saturdnva ami Tuesdays marked
(x) at 2:15 p. tu., arriving in Honolulu at daylight three days later.
E. N. HOLMES
FINE DISPLAY OF "
Negligee Shirts Collars
Golf Shirts Cuffs
Dress Shirts Neckwear
Lawn Bows Lawn Ties
Gossamer Wool Underwear
Scrivan's Drawers Pajamas
Gugot Suspenders Night Shirts
Crown Suspenders Bathing Suits
President Susnenders .Sweaters i
Hosiery and Cloves
E. N. HOLMES
THE HAWAIIAN FERTILIZER CO., Ltd.
J SPECIAL FERTILIZER
For Cane, Vegetable and Banana Fields.
Soil Analysis Made and Fertilizer Furnished Suitable to Soil, Climate and Crop
I FOR THE LAND'S SAKE USE OUR FERTILIZERS"""
Subscribe for the TitinUNR island sub
Sulphate of Ammonium
Sulphate of Potash
Nltrato of Soda
H. C. Phosphates
Fertilizers for sale In large or small quantities. Fertilize your lawns with our
special wwn fertilizer.
P. O. BOX 767,
C. M. COOKE, President.
E. F. BISHOP, Treasurer.
G. II. ROBERTSON, Auditor
E. D. TNNEY, Vice-President.
J. WATERHOUSE, Secretary.
W. M. ALEXANDER, C. H. ATHERTON
tr mmm 1
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WE ARE SPECIALISTS
In Lenses for the eyes. The
fitting nnd milking of glasses
is our exclusive business.
FACTORY ON TIIK PRQMISKS
A. N. Sarrford
Boston Building, Honolulu
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- ALL KIND3 OF
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R. II. PEASE, President.
SAN1 FRANCISCO, CAL., 'U. S, A,