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PR1NG FEVER THE FAF RLiS'L .,
Spring Fiver tscoiiHiiKml ii juke
when wiinnine i-Im; has 11 lull
tlii? condition I" In renlll) no Joke.
Spring I'Mi't Ii one or the li-rms
applied lo tlml nclii-rnl u-lnxed con
ililioii of the )KU'iii which ii so
cotiitnoti nt this M?non. II indi
cates, as a rule, a I"" "I iltilllv
mill ii ilionlered coiiilitiini if the
blond AiiL-irvcllvirviiik.il Should
lie promptly u-ed, becnUM- litis vnn
union iciwuj dl'viiiiivi tiiiimit.
It jul tin ritiiwl tiik-iliil. It aids
digestion, tones up tin- nvrvous
stem, purifies tin- blood nnil in-en-uses
vilalit Wc are so sure
tlml it will Ki' satisfaction in nil
cases Hint we sell It miner u losi
tlw Kii.itniitiv. Yiiiir iiiniiv luck
if it fails.
II. L. SHAW, - Manaokr
SERRAO LIQUOR CO
Complete Stock of Finest Table
Wine, livers. Whiskivs, Gins,
llraiulivs ami Liqueurs.
Sole Agent for
Serrao Hlock, Shipman Street
Telephone No. 7
THE ONION SALOON
Always on Haiul
Of Wines, Liquors, livers
Mixed Drinks a Specialty
Draught anil llottled
lOc Por Class
Telephone No. 7
J. G. SERRAO, - Manager
POR KATES, IILANKS, ETC.
E. E. RICHARDS
AGENT INThR.IM.ANJ) TELE
ORAl'H CO . IIII.O
Direct Line between SAN FRANCISCO
Il.ii-I. St. Cutliiirliie, Cnpt. Saunders
Hurl. A in) Turner, Cnpt. Wnrlnnd
It.ii-K .llurllui Din is, Cnpt. McAlhwin
For freight and passage npply to
WELCH & CO., Agents, Snn Francisco
C. HREWER & CO., Ltd., Agents,
H. Hackfeld &Co., Ltd.
1ft. i. i ..iWiii:h' hh.i.im
WiiHtHMliUnl liYTil tlWInVl'
The Fourth of a Series of Articles by Dr. Nicholas
Russel The People's Program is Nationalization
Technical Inventions and Modern Ideas the Causes
A System of Distribution Needed.
We have seen what the Russian
past was, both fiont the side of vest
ed rights and historical prerogatives
of the bureaucratic monarchy as
well ns from the -ide of economical
Now the question arises: What
will be the futuic? A legal mind, a
mind accustomed to build on the
past only, on founer rights, charac
ters nnil precedents, would most
consistently decide in favor of the
continuance of the sovereignity of
offiei.ils behind the back of an an-
toerat. Vested rights arc sacred
and must be sustained at nil costs,
though the heavens fall! This is
exactly the view that the C.ar, the
grand dukes and high officials take.
Autocracy has to be preserved at
"Considering the circumstances,
wc are willing to grant the people
all the liberties; we will enforce the
law, do away with the arbitrariness
of officials, make an end to religious
and national persecutions. We
may even call an Assembly of re
presentatives with consultive voice,
but the rights that I have inherit
ed from my forefathers, the sacred
rights must stand!" says the Czar.
Th'j poor fellow, with whom
"thinking" never was a strong
point, may mean it most sincerely.
He cannot understand however
that he is unable to fulfil his vows;
that autocracy means bureaucracy,
and bureaucracy means no law and
no liberty, but the sweet will of offi
cials! The people demand guaran
ties, an assurance that prospective
reforms will not be called back like
those of Alexander II have been.
And what guaranties will be valid
save the transfer of sovereign rights
to the people's representatives?
This is however the very thing that
the Czar stubbornly refuses to do.
In consequence the whole unyieldy
bureaucratic machine is set in mo
tion to invent such a trick that would
stisly the people without giving
them whnt they ask.
All efforts are directed towards
finding the way, to give them the
shell, while keeping the kernel; just
as with our Hawaiian county act.
1 It is not difficult to guess what will
I become of Russia if she follows the
course of natural evolution. Like
western nations, she has to become a
I plutocracy; either plutocratic consti
tutional monarchy, or plutocratic re
public, the latter amounting to the
same, lliecnainoi gold will re
place the one of iron; both equally
strong and equally inconvenient.
1 Hardly any gain at all. Should
1 such calamity befall the Russians,
they may join the Paris street boy
iu his popular song:
I It was not worth while,
I Oh, it was not worth while
' To change the government!
Unfortunately, or rather fortuna
tely for the Russian rich, they are
neither rich and influential enough
nor organized enough, to form a se
parate class of bourgeoisie; further
more, the educated classes are too
familiar with the old trick, the trick
that every school boy knows by
heart from the lesson of the French
revolution, that it does not pay the
people to take chestnuts out of the
fire for the bourgeoisie. Hesides,
as a nation, millennial history not
withstanding, quite a young nation,
Russia has but scant respect for
traditions and vested rights of any
description. Like all men the Rus
sians bow before the force, when
they cannot help it, but their hearts,
they keep free. In no other coun
try have I met men who look only to
the future for guidance so frequent
ly. Turning their gaze to the
West, these men witness the most
entielnsive demonstration that nei-
,. . , , ...
tiler political democracy nor point -
,.nl .l,i;,. nr,. ,ww,.lli1,i nr Jmncr!.,.
ahl, nt least iu our time, without
an ccomoinieal democracy or rcpub-
I ' . -"
JliUJ TIUHUfttt,. 1111,0, HAWAII, TUnflDAY, MAV
lie. While they recognize the ad
vantage of competition, the itilic
rent, natural rights of superior tal
cuts, intelligence, energies and 111
dustriousness, yet they think that
in this race, the running must be
fair and honest, and that men, when
born, must start on the same line.
Only thus can one really see who is
the better fellow. Titles, riches
and other privileges and exemptions
constitute so many powerful trumps
which give to one set of men hun
dreds and thousands of miles of a
"! start, and bring about the til
tunate ruin even to those favored.
They result in supineness, profliga
cy, parasitism and degeneracy on
one side, and in over-work, bestial
ity, ignorance and misery for the
other. Nationalization of laud and
industries economically, nnd on
this foundation, a federated repub
lic politically such is their pro
gram. There is another bugaboo in re
gard to the Russian revolution that
scares tunny at home and abroad.
Considering the remarkable analo
gy between the events in Prance in
1793, and those now taking place
in Russia, they arc afraid of anar
chy, mob terror and especially of
the ultimate concentration of power
in the hands of some new Napoleon.
They forget the difference of age.
When revolution broke out in
France, she was emerging from a
state of feudalism and without any
knowledge of principles of self gov
ernment. Such is not the case in
Russia.- The authority of the na
tional assembly always was and is
reigning supreme in the Russian
mind. The people are too familiar
with parliamentary institutions
from forty years experience in
county and provincial self govern
ment. As for Napoleons Russian
Napoleons are in the past, not in
the future of the history. All plu
tocratic and imperialistic possibili
ties have been studied and thrashed
through and through among Rus
sians for the last twenty-five years,
and the decision was negative.
Zemstvos are thoroughly demo
cratic; neither wealth nor class dis
tinctions play any part in them.
This fact is sufficient guarantee that
the future Federal Assembly will
also be neither plutocratic nor aris
tocratic. Intellect and education
are the only qualifications that arc
required and respected, and give
power and influence in Russia, and
one may reasonably expect that so
it will remain, and that Russia
eventually may furnish the world
with an illustration of the possibility
of a decent form of government.
Zemstvos are in excellent working
order, although their jurisdiction
and powers have been considerably
curtailed during the last two reigns
ny tnc Dureattcracy. All mat is
necessary now is to call the Na
tional Assembly (Zemsky Sobor),
who would take all national affairs
off the hands of the bureaucratic
machine into her own.
What makes me think that the
Russian revolution, it's relatively
peaceful course notwithstanding,
win ue 01 importance nnu uecome tne
starting point of a great tidal wave,
is the nationalization part of the
Russian program. In this respect,
not unlike the time of the great
French revolution, in Western
Kurope and the rest of the world,
too much of the inflammatory ma
terial has accumulated, material
that is waiting but for a spark to set
"The iiieauini; of this word as jjiven in
one of the Inst issues of the Tkuiunk, is
but partially correct. While "Zemlin"
really signifies "L11111I," there is 110 second
component of 'vojievt" (to yell) in the
woid at all. What it means is simply
"Land assemblies" or Provincial assem
blies. There are two decrees of them
I clcctLil county assemblies with resptc-
I uvc county iKMnis aim eiecieii county
pincers, exactly corresponding to our
'American county government, and nro
I VillCial IIMCIIll)lil!S IHCItlCr Willi Provincial
I lifvtrila mill nffinra pnrri.cimtiillttir In ni.
' " " i --.. -"i . t, '"
or rather Territorial
It 111 conflrtp.rnllon. It wtu stored
tllftc by the hnlf century's peaceful
work of economical evolution. J
Hoth present economical institutions
(trusts, syndicates, etc.), and peo
ple's ideas have reached that point,
where masses nil over the world are
ready for the unavoidable reform,
ready, together with the best part of
upper classes and with the people
of Russia, to exclaim: "No, we
cannot live that way nny longer!"
There is n substantial reason
why. Thanks to technical inven
tions, to the mastering of blind
forces of nature by the modern man
principally, almost exclusively,
during the XlXth century, our
capacities of production have in
creased enormously. Aided by
these inventions our workman can
produce tenfold of goods in com
paiisou with what he could, when
working with bare hands nnd prim
itive tools. At present every shoe
maker besides himself enn provide
shoes for nine other men, every
tailor besides himself can clothe
nine others. It is true, he docs
not create more values, since the
value of ten pairs, now made by
the machine, is the same as of one
that has been made by hand before.
Hut wc are consuming not values
but goods. We nre suffering from
overproduction iu every branch,
destroying wantonly our surpluses
or dumping them at distant foreign
markets, while our own people
(they say there are 10,000,000 of
them in the U. S.) go hungry and
in rags. Our difficulties arc not iu
the deficiency of production, but in
the absence of an adequate and just
system of distribution. If bond
slavery or wage slavery were a ne
cessity before, they are no longer
now. Masses of the toiling wealth
producing people, after thousands
of years of misery have gained their
point and arc entitled to more lei
sure, more prosperity and more of
a human-like existence. Modern
civilization can afford to grant it to
them even without disturbing much
the comforts of upper classes. The
theory of Malthus that population
increases in geometrical proportion
and the production of necessities
only in the arithmetical, never had
any scientific ground to stand upon.
But if Malthus were living and
could he see how wheat is produced
011 California bonanza farms; how
Niagara is saddled; how the surplus
of cotton is destroyed in the South
by fire; and the surplus of fruit
dumped into the ocean in the West,
to prevent prices from going down,
he would blush crimson for having
taken the nightmare produced by
indigestion, for a scientific truth.
In the Circuit Court of the Fourth Circuit
Territory of Hawaii.
At Chamiii'.rs In Prouatk.
In the matter of the Kstate of JOHN
1'IJTITION I'OR ALLOWANCE OI'
ACCOUNTS, FINAL DISTRI11U
TION AND DISCIIARGK.
The petition of Alexander Smith, Ad
ministrator of the Kstate of John Mc
Gillivray, deceased, having been filed,
wherein he asks that his accounts maybe
examined ami approved and that a final
order of distribution be made of the prop,
irty remaining in his hands to the per
sons entitled thereto, and discharging
him from all further responsibility as
such administrator, nnd that his bonds
men be released from all further liability
It is ordered that Tuesday, the 6U1 day
of June, A. D. 1905, at 10 o'clock, 11. in.,
is the time set for hearing said petition,
in the Courtroom of the Fourth Circuit
Court, at Ililo, Hawa.i,at which time ami
place all persons interested may appear
and show cause, if any they have, why
the prayer of said petition should not be
Dated, Ililo, Hawnii, April 20, 1905.
lly the Com t:
A. S. Li'JlARON GURNF.Y, Clerk.
Ily Chas. Hitchcock, Deputy Clerk.
W. S. Wish,
Attorney for Petitioner. 36-4
Notice to Creditors.
In the Circuit Court of the Fourth Circuit,
Territory of Havwiii.
AT Cuamiiuus In Pkoiiatk.
Iu the matter of the Instate of M. V,
HOLM HS, deceased.
Notice is hereby itvcn that the under
signed has been confirmed as Ex
ecutor of the last will nnd Testament
of M. V. Holmes, deceased, and that
all persons having claims ni;alust the es
tate of said deceased, whether secured or
otherwise, nre required to present them to
the iindersii;ued, duly verified, within six
mouths from the date of this notice,
otherwise said claims', if any, will be
F.VHRlvTT N. HOLMES.
Executor of the will of M. V. Holmes,
Attorney for Estate.
Ililo, May 1, 1905. 37-4
A Life Saved
NVker glvn up. No tuitti-i how 111
you nro. Aj-or's.Sarsapailllitl hhi-iip 1
Mr. Thou. It. Csutirt, llarrel Creek, I)rli
Utono, Now Botltli ales, v, r Itrs :
" I fcrl It my duly ti let niirrrltiR jirorlo
know wliit n wowlprful IiIikhI inirifjlni:
nioilk-liio I Ajcr'i HarMirtrilU. WJ IIIium
I'Okiiu ultli ntiirp imIiik In Hi" llml', vhllo
I s h nulling -t wikiI. Aflrr a iliy nr
two 1 cmilil not walk.nnil nilTcroil tcrrlMo
lulin. My f.u-o-tnriiul iioirly lilatk. Iitn
red Motclicn rainn out nil mrr my IkhIj-, nmt
limn 1 iH-k-aiiioilollrliiun. I wn In twu lion
iiIIjiIi fur homo time, nnil ('MrjtliliiR win
Irlcil, lint I I'rtiw nniki-r nnd wraUcr, und
Iki'.uiio convinced tli.it nnlliliiK mum l
diiuu fur hip. I hid lieird much nlxiut
Avur'A KkrMimrlll.i tint 1 thmiclit I wiuld
clvo Itn trill nn tlwli-d liopo. Aflrr Liking
into txitthi I thoiiKlit I felt n lltlln U-ttcr.
itllter. mill ntlll iitwillirr. I frr.lilt! lllv llll-
ni 1 priK-urcii nimiiier iimiio, nun uii-iiiin-
111 lived, und In dun tlmn left my In-il fur
llui tlrst tlino In rlx tmintlK. I nm now In
riHid IkmIMi, nml I my 1" fiery olio tlwt
A)ur's S.iriuurlll"i nivrd my life."
SI a a
Thero nro nnny Imitation RiriwtiarllUa.
llo nuro jmiKt"Aiir,."
Prepared by Or. J. C, Aver Co., I oirell, Haas., U. S. A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY!
NOTB Till? FOLLOWING
In Hilo Real Estate
can be bought on easy
HOUSE AND LOT, Puueo, good location; house
well built; house and lot for cost of house.
FIVE ACRES, Kaumaua, rent for $40.00 per
annum, for seventy-five per cent of the mort
gage; cleared and read' for planting cane; owner re
moving to Honolulu reason for selling.
It is said no fee simple property can be bought in
Hilo, but the above are actually for sale.
Look at these leases for sale also. If you have
any money at all I can show you how to flop it over
and everybody will make something. The experience
of every man who has ever bought anything since the
first crusade teaches us that now is the time to invest
iu Hilo real estate.
LOOK AT THIS!
A LEASE of 57 x 68 feet, corner of Bridge and King
streets, Hilo, at $12.00 per month for twelve
years; business propcity; can lie made to return $60.00
per month; for sale so cheap that the price is withheld
from the public only bona fide inquirers will be given
FIVE YEARS' LEASE of income-bearing property
on mauka side of Front street; buildings and
lease, $1200; will pay for itself iu rents long before
expiration of lease.
9 v vr v
buildings costing $1,750, at $25 per year ground rent,
paying $40 per mouth.
Tourists coining to town inquire for property; if
you have any to sell, list it now; it costs you nothing
to advertise if it is a good thing.
J. U. SMITH, Agent,
Telephone 129. Pitman and Waiauucnue Streets.
SPECTACLES Just Right
1 We fit l'.VfRlnsc nnd Spectacles
nml fit Uieiii Rieht- Jim Kit-lit.
, We fit pjassis to old i-i-a to iie
. bettir vision nnd to preserM- eji-
1 nii'lit. We fit glasses lo young ccs
for the removal of ej entrain nnd
1 nlteudniil evili.
I l'minci Uitjlil, I.euiei Weill,
Treatment Itieht, Prices Uight.
jA. N. Sanford
I Boston Building, Honolulu
OVP.R MAY & CO.
PAY FOR THE BEST
1 IT'S CHEAPEST
AND THAT'S Till? CLASS OI' WOK K
I J'.-M'.UUJl'.l) 11 V
l-'RONT ST., Op. Sl'RHCKKI.'S W.OCK
100x250 feet corner lot on
Front street, in heart of city ;
terms; will double in value in
Corner residence lot in Puueo, 75
x 150 feet, on main street; high
A choice Reed's Island lot, upon
easy quarterly or monthly pay
13 years' lease of business
pronertv at Waiakea. with 4