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THIt WUHKIA IIII.O TRinUNIv, IIII.O, HAWAII, TUKSDAY, MAY 30, 1905.
qp Kif qg-r
R XiViiVl U u 's nn '''ca' family beverage
S Vfjtt nt UfZ mid sold by all hotels, bars
P I'? 1 lf nutl wholesale dealers. H
1 V h S
lgW58aaW3WWBC3P5Mag3lBIK? IMHIiUJH U? in
r Comfortable Rooms ... Hot and Cold Baths ... A Well
Stocked Huflet ... Mixed Drinks and Fine Wines ... A
Cold Storage Plant on premises with all the Delicacies
of the Season ... Open Till Midnight
I WAIANUENUE STREET, HILO
I CUISINE UNEXCELLED FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
That puts refresh
ing sleep within the grasp of the tired
worker is the world famous
It contains all the ingredients of a tonic
and in addition has a flavor that you'll like.
RAINBER BOTTELNG WORKS
? 9 GRANULATED
1 14 Oz. Packages
Five packages gratis in each carton.
1 23 Oz. Packages
Five packages Duke's Mixture gratis in each carton.
1 23 Ounce Tins
A high grade for pipe smoking.
THEO. H. DAV1ES & CO. Ltd.
Of (lothcnbiirg, Sweden
Assets (Homo Office) .... 7i3i'3.36
Assets in U. S. (fur Additional Security of American Volley Hidden.) 656,678.43
Pacific Co iRt Department: HOWARD JtROWN fc SONS, General Agents
4II-1I3 Califotiii.i St., San I'riiuciscn.
H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd., Rosldcnt Agonts, HILO
('till (if Illlstless Itomls In (.'nil
Costint; nulv linlf ns much ns
tuiu flult il 11r.mil. fir iiim ..nt.iwif 1. m
nun It s iiKpluilt, lliey wiilistnnd
liLMvy ironic nnri floods, and solve
the dust problem.
Williin the lnt live years the
California road makers have made
rapid advancements fiom ihe first
period, when oil was ned simply
to lay Hie dust, to n second and far
more momentous one in which per
manent roads are being constructed
with it. Kxnericnce proves a valu
able te.icher, and, indted, the only
available one, and even within this
short time the building of oiled
roads has been reduced to a science
imperfect, perhaps, but none the
less sound fundamentally. Certain
principles have been deduced ns to
the preparation of the road bed, the
the method and lime of application
of the oil, and the kind of oil best
adapted for rond-making.
California has been the pioneer
in this movement for two reasons:
her desperate need of getting rid
of the suininer dust, and her ex
tensive production of the petroleum
best suited to the purpose. Texas
also has experimented along this
line, but less successfully. Other
States where oil is produced have
used it on road-beds to a small ex
tent, as temporary relief from dust,
but not as a road-maker, for crude
oil having an asphaltum base is
necessary to insure a firm pavement,
and California furnishes the best
there is for this purpose.
Before putting on the oil, the
road-bed must be worked up by
plowing, harrowing, rolling and
grading, until there is a layer of
finely pulverized soil ten or twelve
inches deep over the whole surface.
This is to insure an even settling of
the road-bed to guard against any
uneveness in the oil crust, which
would mean a rapid wearing out of
the road. When the ground has
become- hard and thoroughly dry,
the oil is put on. Sometimes the
crude petroleum is used, and some
times asphalt rcsiduums. An oil
with a specific gravity of 12H. to
14IJ. is used most commonly, and
it is heated to from 175 to 250 and
even 300 degrees I The hotter
the better, for then it spreads more
rapidly, and is more quickly and
more effecthely absorbed by the
There is some difficulty at
tendant upon heating the oil, as
heating plants are extensive, and
the hot oil cannot be hauled to ad
vantage for more than eight or ten
miles There nrc those who advo
catc applications of cold oil on ac
count of the expenses of healing it,
but thus lar only hot oil is in use.
Prices of crude oil in California
range all the way from 05 cents to
$1 per barrel, and, of course, the
cost is greater with the increase of
the shippinir distance. But even
where the cost of transportation is
considetable, it is estimated by ex
perts that the oiled road Is less ex
pensive than stone covering. The
amount ofoil applied varies from one
hundred and twenty to three hundr
ed and more barrels for an eighteen
foot surface per mile, this being an
ordinary width for the oiled strip
through the middle of the road. In
California, the cost of application is
estimated at $15 per mile. Often a
second coating is given within a
few weeks of the first, to follow up
the advantage of the first.
In applj nig the oil, wagons with
tank and sprinkler attached, have
been iued. From 100 to. oo barrels a
mile hae been used on the first
application of oil to the road-bed,
depending to some extent upon the
width oiled, ordinarily twelve feet.
The famous "Alameda," between
San Jose and Santa Clara, is oiled
to a with of sixty feet. The oil is
heated by steam to a temperature
of 300 degrees at a cost of 8 cents
a barrel, the expansion resulting
being about 3 per cent. The quan
tity used per mile is estimated after
heating. Bakersfield oil is used,
of a specific gravity of 14 to 17 de
grees, costing yo cents a bauel and
upward, according to the distance
to be hauled from the raihoad
Coarse sand or gravel is spread over
the oil to aid in absorption and, in-
cideiitly, to protect passing vehi
cles nud Ih ir occupants fiom the
The oiled road costs about one
and 11 half cents per squire f")1'
while asphaltum co-its fifteen cenls,
nud a powdered granite road is
ncntlv twice as expensive as the
oil, where there is the same relative
situation as to material. It wears
well under the heaviest traffic, and
in time of flood it remains firm.
Sandy roads become indurated and
resilcnt with oil, and the resulting
dark-brownish tone is teslful to the
eye, being fieefromany glare. There
is absolutely no dust except what
may have blown on after the com
Ilor Volcano Picture.
A teacher in a Boston public
school was seeking to give her boys
a definite idea of what a volcano
was. Therefore she drew n picture
of One on the blackboard. Taking
some red chalk she drew fiery flames
pouring from the summit of the
volcano, and when the drawing
was done, she turned to the class
before her nud said:
"Can any of you tell me what
that looks like?"
One boy immediately held up his
hand, and the teacher asked,
"Well, Joey, you may tell us."
"It looks like hell, ma'am," re
plied Joey, with startling promptness.
b'lvo Clniiiilierlaln's t'nln Halm nTrlnl
No other liniment affords such
prompt relief from rheumatic pains.
No other is so valuable for deep
seated pains like lame back and
pains in the chest. Give this lini
ment n trial and become acquainted
with its rcmarkabla qualities and
you will never wish to be without
it. For sale by Hilo Drug Co.
Every inch one pushes off be
yond the normal distance of
twelve inches, after eye failure
begins, means an inch of dan
ger. Ninety nine persons out
of a hundred may do it safely;
you may be the one who can't.
Those having the best eyes
when old age comes will be
those who heed the first call
Kyes examined; Glasses fitted.
A. N. Sanford
Boston Building, Honolulu
OVI5R MAY & CO.
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Routo to Volcano
In effect July 1, 1904.
Passenger Trains, Except Sunday.
Wc have opened a choice lot, such as:
Carved Swiss Woodwork
Italian Statuettes, Husts, Vases, eie.
German Music Boxes'
Japanese Kancy Goods
Satsunia Ware, Vases, Cloisonne Ware
A new shipment of the favorites of Jlilo
smokers just to hand:
" La l'lanta "
" HI Belmont " Needles, Pcrfeetos, etc.
" Crcmo "
Call on us and inspect them.
H. Hackf eld & Co.
Waianuenue Street, Hilo.
444444 A A AAA)?
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
Is that which has been manufactured foi the past fifteen
years exclusively by the
California Fertilizer Works
8AN FRANCISCO, OAL.
lv Hilo ur
nr Kcaau ar
ar... I'ermlale ,..ar
The traiQR of this Company between
Hilo nml l'una will be run as follows:
Leave Hilo Station, by way of Rail
road Wharf, for Olaa and l'una, ujxu the
arrival of the Steamship Kinuu, running
through to l'una ami stopping at l'alioa
both K(i"K ""J returuiti);.
When purchasing be sure that in addition lo the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on every
sack, otherwise you will not be getting the genuine article.
A large stock of our Diamond A and our
XX HIGH-GRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly on hand and for sale at San Francisco
prices, plus only freight and actual expenses,
Dy Our Hilo Agon'ts,
L. TURNER CO-
lv Hilo ur
Hr.R. R. Wharf.ar
ar...01aa Mill. ..or
ar...- l'alioa ar
ar..l'ahou J linear
ar l'una lv
lv Hilo ar
ur... ..l'alioa ar
ar.. l'alioa Juuc.ar
nr l'una lv
Hxcursioii tickets between all point.!
are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, jjood
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, good for twenty
five rides between nuy two -points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
I), n. MKTZGKK.
Waiakea Boat House
R.A. LUCAS & CO., l'rop'rs.
WAIAKKA BRIDGIJ, HILO
HAVR NOW A l'LHHT OI
and Small Boats
l'OR 1'UilLIC IHRK
ansengers and bnggnge taken to and
from vessels in the harbor nt reasonable
rates, Launches and rowbouts to hire
for private picnics and moonlight rides.
RING UP ON TUUiPIIONIi
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-starter and reversible engine. In
practicability it Is equal to the htentu en
gine. Sizes from I h. p. upwards.
Bouts fitted with this engine or frames m
any size to order, l'or particulars apply
to R. A. LUCAS 'Munager
HILO MARKET CO..
The Old Reliable Stand is
Uazorn honed, Sciswirs and all edged
tools perfectly ground, Satisfac
Second Door Above Demosthenes' Cafe
Telephone No. 39,
nitiuc.it ST. - Iln.o, II. I
Pacific Meat Market
lfKONT ST., IIli.O, II. I.
Choice Cuts of
POULTRY of all Kinds
FRESH ISLAND BUTTER
NoTlCIt Neither the MnsU'in nor
Agent of vet.s'ls of the "MhImui Lino"
will be respoiihible for nnv dehls rim
trucled by the crew. R. 1'. OUAIll),
Hilo, April 16,1901 14,