Newspaper Page Text
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Tim weekly hilo tuihune, nii.o, Hawaii, tuhsday, junk 13, 1905.
Spring 1 cirWetin1ik-tLilnjol.c
when Miiiicotii ilw h.n It Imt
the cumlitioii ii in rt.illly no joke.
SnrhiK l'cver is one or the tcrtin
nni'licil tothiitKeliernl n.lnxeil con
altiou of the sstcm which is so
cotumoii nt thU season. It Indi
cates, ns a rule, n loss ol vitality
and a disordered condition of the
blood. An effective reim d y should
he promptly nsed, hecnusc this con
dition reaaily hecomes chronic.
Is just the remedy needed. It aids
digestion, tones up the nervous
system, purifies the blood and in
creases vitality. Wc arc so sure
that it will give satisfaction In all
cases that wc sell It under a posi
tive guarantee. Your money bick
If it fails.
II. I,. SHAW, - Manaokr
CULTURE IN TROPICS.
Condition in Bluefields and Costa Rica Consumption
of the Yellow Fruit in the United States By
products and Varieties Cure for Drink Habit-
SERRAO LIQUOR GO
Complete Stock of Finest Table
Wines, Beers, Whiskies, Gins,
Brandies and Liqueurs.
Sole Agent for
Scrrao Block, Shlpman Street
Telephone No. 7
THE UNION SALOON
the former, makes very acceptable
cake and bread, and frequent men
Hon is made ot its 11.se by the na
tives by Stanley in "Darkest Afri
ca." The great value of the bana
na for this purpose is universally
appreciated, and numerous at
tempts have been made to produce
banana flour on a commercial ba
A German firm was said to be
about to undertake the products n
of banana Hour, conserves and
other .similar products, in Nicara
gua n few years ago, but whether
the project was ever carried out is
not known. However, there is lit
tlo doubt that this will become an
actual fact sooner or Inter. Thus
it will be seen that it is only his
Always on Hand:
Of Wines, Liquors, Beers
Mixed Drinks a Specialty
Draught and Bottled
lOc Per Class
Telephone No. 7
J. G. SERRAO, Manager
IglMnuiK of lire value of the fruit . dis,ut,i, , ,i,cr individual compi
Hilo Electric Light Co., Ltd.
Houses Wired and
In accordance with the rules of the No
tional Board of Fire Underwriters.
A complete stock of
Fixtures, Shades. Table, Bed aud Desk
Lamps, etc., always on hand.
Fan Motors . . . SIB
Fan Motors, swivel frame 18
Sowing Machine Motor 20
Tower for operating them fi a mouth
Installation charged extra.
Estimates furnished on all classes oi
Electrical Work and Contracts taken to
Install apparatus complete.
Direct Lino between SAN FRANCISCO
Hark St. Catharine, Capt. Saunders
Hark Amy Turner, Capt. Wnrland
Hark Martini Km Ik, Capt. McAllman
For freight and passage apply to
WELCH & CO., Agents, Sun Francisco
C, BREWER & CO., Ltd., Agents,
H. Hackfeld &Co., Ltd.
WM. G. IRWIN & CO., Ltd.
ational Cane Shredders,
Alex. Cross & Sons' Sugar Cane
and Coffee Fertilizers
Feeling that n few remarks te
gnrdiug the culture, handling and
marketing of bananas wottUI be in
teresting to our renders, wc take
pleasure in presenting an article on
banana culture in Central America,
which many will not only find in
structive but which will give them
an idea of the difficulties to be over
come before the fruit reaches the
market for distribution. Wc are
indebted to Robert Inucs Lillic for
the data given herein.
There was a time not so very
long ago, when men shrugged their
shoulders if the subject of banana
raising as a commercial speculation
was brought up; in fact, thirty-five
years ago, there were few people in
this country who could boast of
having sceti a bunch of bananas.
The fruit was pratically unknown,
indeed, less was known about it
than about the most rare fruits of
the Tropics at the present day.
The prime cause of this was the
then seeming impossibility of trans
portation sufficiently rapid to land
fruit from the plantations in Cent
ral America and the Hawaiian Is
lands to the distributing points of
the United States and Europe, for
all fruits, bananas are the most
perishable. With the inaugura
tion of fast steamers, devoted ex
clusively to the handling of this
fruit, the building of railroads in
the banana growing countries, ex
tending from the interior points to
the sea coast and the united efforts
of the railroads of this country in
making express time on bananas
now shipped in train-loads, the
time required to place the fruit in
the hands of the consumer has been
sufficiently cut down to make bana
nas an important article of com
merce and with the result that nt
the present time, there is no cross
road More so insignificant or so far
removed from the usual paths of
civilization where bananas are not a
An appreciation of the import
ance this industry has been brought
up to within a short space of time
can be gained by taking the present
rate of importation of Central Am
erican fruit alone at 400,000 bun
ches weekly in round numbers
this being rather below the actual
amount than otherwise and figur
ing the mean weight of the bunches
nt from 45 to 50 pounds, 1 8 to 20
million pounds of bananas are now
provided for 75,000.000 people
every seven days. Added to this
is the Hawaiian and Mexican pro
ducts of which an average of about
15,000 bunches per month are re
ceived in San Francisco.
To the average northerner, the
banana is but a fruit, seldom eaten
in any other mauner than ripe. To
the natives of the Tropics, it is a
multum in parvo, often his entire
diet for weeks at a time; his daily
hi-Piwl. rmd the uses to which he i necessary to a proper understand
nuts it are inumerable. Taken in'i&of the planting opetation and
toto, dipped in lye and afterward its subsequent developments.
ered, and then rests oiim more to
await further developments, which
nature is not slow in supplying.
The rapidity of development from
the newly-planted sucker to the
tree in full bearing is little .short of
marvelous, and can be appreciated
only by one who has witnessed it.
Within a .space of six or seven
weeks the two or three foot plant
has more than doubled in size, and
a month or so nftcr this the leaves
cease to unfold, nud n spike appears
out of the center of the crown; this
is the future stalk of the bunch,
and carries 0 huge red blossom at
its cud. It develops rapidly, con
tinually bending more nud more,
until a short time, it has turned
completely upon itself, so that the
bananas grow end up, or in n posi
tion the reverse of which they arc
usually hung. At irregular
intervals along the entire stnlk, and
only extending part way round it
in any place, the bracts break fotth
tiny ridges of flower which arc
nlmo't immediately replaced by nine
to twelve or fifteen embryo bananas.
These are the future "hands" of
the bunch so called from their re
semblance to that member when
held in a certain position, and are
senarable from the stalk without
iug in n bunch of bananas, and
when discovered at the loading
point, the fact "snake in this car"
usually chalked on the outside make
the carriers handle the bunches
very gingerly at the wharf.
The United States takes practi
cally nil of the Central American
variety of banann. A few are ex
ported to the Huropcau mnrkcts,
but with the inevitable spoiling in
transit, as well as the heavy ex
pense of shipping bananas such a
distance tnnkes the price prohibitive
to the masses of Europeans, in con
sequence of which Kurope forms
but a small outlet. Not nlone does
the United Mates consume practi
cally nil of the Central American
bananas, but also those of the Ha
waiian Islands and Mexico as well.
If yniir nuncio aro soro, hones
nrlio. joints fool stiff, ami It pains
dart through yuurliody, It li probably
rlionnii'tlsin. Purify your blood, j;t
out nil tho rheumatism poison uo
uood of your suffering In this way.
other than in tts raw state, that
causes the northerner's lack of ap
Despite the fact that the millions
of bunches of bananas annually
consumed are almost wholly .
composed of one member of the
family the common guineo na
turalists have recognized and clas
sified as many as forty different
varieties, ranging from the Musa
Rosacea, a purely ornamental group
that docs not bear fruit, to the
Musa Enscte, or giant banana
the platauo of the Spaniards.
From this giant the size decreases
more or less gradually until the
diminutive "finger" banana is
reached, the appellation of which is
sufficiently descriptive of its size,
but the lack of size is more
than compensated lor by its skin
and usual delicacy of flavor. Nor
are nil of the varieties of the same
shape; the arton and other species
grown in the mountains of Central
America are perfectly straight al
most as broad as long, and ns a re
sult do not lie along the stalks,
but stick straight out from it, giv
ing the whole appearance of a
bunch of short stubby spikes. This
latter species, as well as the plant
ain, is mostly grown in the interior
between rows of coffee trees, for
the double purpose of shade and
provision, and it is said to be the
most dangerous to partake of either
shortly before or after indulging in
spirituous liquor a fact concerning
the banana family of which few out
side of the natives and resident
physicians are cognizant. Alcohol
in certain forms when brought in
to contract with any kind of bana
na produces violent fermentation;
but it is the firm belief of the na
tives of the interior, particularly in
Costa Rica, that dining on one of
these stubby caricatures of banana
with which we are familiar, and
topping it off with a dose of aguar
diente the native strong water
is productive of fatal results within
a few hours.
A description of the tree itself is
dried in the sun, it becomes a
mouldy, shrivelled and most un
lovely looking morsel. Thus pre
pared, it will keep indefinitely and
is instantly ready for use by peel
ing and baking or boiling, where
upon it expands to two or three
times its original size and forms n
palatable food. This is n practice
of the mountain natives of Nicara
gua, and it forms a large pnrt of
their diet, supplemented by the in
evitable tortilla, when on his tra
vels. When almost ripe, the fruit
is cut into slices aud placed in the
still, which causes a certain amount
of its sugar to crystalizc on the sur
face; thus prepared, it is an excel
lent conserve. linked, boiled or
fried in cocoanut oil, it is a .staple
aiticle of diet the year around,
nud the Inst named is quite n deli
cacy, particularly fried plantains.
IJauann flour, or rather meal, as it
is not ground to the consistency of
The term is a misnomer, as it is
not n tree in the ordinary applica
tion Of the word at all, but a tight
roll of leaves which pushes upward,
at the same time unfolding the deli
cate green banners to form its leafy
crown. This is quite ornamental
at first, but wind nud rain soon
whip the tender leaves to shreds,
leaving but a mass of ribbons to
rustle in the trades. The base of
the well-grown plant presents a
bulb-like appearance and will carry ! ,nov,l,S
from one to three or more knoblike
excrescenses, which are termed
"buds" or "eyes.1
uetits. It is by means of these
"hands" that the fruit is classified
for shipping. A bunch of nine
hands or over, the average being
ten or twelve, constitutes a "first;"
between seven and nine a "second;"
anything under this minimum be
ing discarded by an inspector nt the
whnrf. Wc have seen bunches of
seventeen hands, but this abnormal
size is equally unfit for shipping
owing to the inconvenience of stow
age in the steamers hold.
Practically nine persons out of
every ten give expression to the
opinion "How much better a ba
nana must taste when nllowed to
ripen on the tree!" But the con
trary is the case, because the fruit
will not mature to perfection on the
tree; the skins burst, attracting in
numerable insects and birds aud
the weight of the bunch itself be
comes too great for the tree, either
one or both coming to the ground.
So the bunches are cut when the
fruit is half to three-quarters full, i.
e., matured, though still green aud
hard as nails, according to the
length of the journey they are to
undergo. It continues to feed from
the cut stock, which contains n
great amount of sap, until fully ripe,
but should the cutting have oc
curred to soon, while the fruit will
turn yellow, it will never attain the
flavor or softness or flesh requisite.
With the cutting of the bunch
ends the life of the tree, for it bears
but once and is usually cut down to
obtain the latter, or succumbs a few
days later to the cleaning process,
which is merely bringing the spent
tree to the ground. A few trees
spring from the center of the old
stump, and then there is an ever
lasting succession without further
effort on the part of the planter.
Cutting the fruit itself involves the
only careful labor on a banana
farm, as the bunches weighs fifty
to sixty pounds, and even slight
knocks are followed by bruised
spots, under which the fruit quickly
ripens and decays. It is for this
reason that laud adjacent to a water
course is most valuable for planting,
owing to its accessibility and easy
transport by vessels. However, by
the liberal use of trash (dried ba
nana leaves) the fruit is safely
brought to the railroad on pack
horses. Several of the large plan
tations in Costa Rica have been
equipped with complete outfits of
light portable railway imported from
Germany, this being moved about
as the cutting progresses.
At Minefields the steamer goes
up the river aud ties up at the farm,
to the next as soon as the
crop is loaded, and so on until a
cargo is obtained. Hut this is one
of the few places so favored. At
Port Union, the outlet of the Costa
Ricau trade, which is of consider-
C'outructrd Neuralgia Ourlug tho
"I had n bad case of neuralgia
which I contracted during the war.
I tried several kinds of medicine,
but they did me no good until a
friend of mine recommended Cham
berlain's Pain Balm, which gave
me immediate relief. I have had
no trouble since aud must say that
I find Chamberlain's Pain Balm a
fine liniment. I have since used it
for other troubles and always with
good results." J. Vijoux, Jacobs
dal, Transvaal. For sale by the
Hilo Drug Co.
Wo liaro the following letter from Mr. U.
,1. Kovrnltl, or Maiinum. Hi). Australia. Mr.
lunaltl nlau ootids bis photograph.
I milTcrftl greatly with rheumatism,
wliloli liUd tuo up for a long timo. I trlod R
iTi'.it in my medicines, hut they wero of llttlo
or mi uo. A. friend who IliiI Uken Ayer'a
Sjrsiurllln Induced mo to try It. 1 thought
It wmilcl ho Just llko all the other medicines
Hut thcro was n great and pleasant surprlso
In store for me, for nftcr taking one buttle 1
wis letter. The swelling ln'irtti tneinhmp.
thnpilnsliegaii to le.io ine.and I felt better
In every w.ij. After taklngonly Ave bottles
I was completely citrod. while I was taking
tho UirsapnrllU 1 also took Ayer'a I'llU to
keep my bowels In good condition."
Thcro aro many Imitation RarsaparlUaa.
Ho auro you got " Ayers.
Prrred by Dr. J. C. Aycr Co., Lowell, Mm., V. S. A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
upward first, aud after throwing
r.nf CAi.nrnl Innvnc ennn arruu itwln.
. . , ' ,,' . ,,, 'able importance, the farms line the
pendent roots, so that they may be, ,. . ,
1 r .t .,.., i... . .-i I railroad for a distance of almost
served from the parent plant with-! , , , ,
. hm.. , .t. u,.....! fifty miles, and the bunches nre
out injury. Ihesenre the "suck- ,.'. ' . , .
,nd form the planter's chief ,,u:u ,,,u"""- """ .' .
U.III.Wlil Ullllia, 11 19 UUt 111111.111.11
capital. He sets them out in two
foot holes spaced fifteen to eighteen
feet apart until his acre or so is cov
for snakes, taranttilns aud similar
unpleasant customers to find a lodg-
NOTE THE FOLLOWING
Hilo Real Estate
R-vf fc C AAA 100x250 feet corner lot on
trvfi pk)jjj pront street jn llcart 0f cjtv:
can be bought on easy terms; will double in value in
Corner residence lot in Puueo, 75
x 150 feet, on main street; high
A choice Reed's Island lot, upon
easy quarterly or monthly pay-
HOUSE AND LOT, Ptjtteo, good location; house
well built; house and lot for cost of house.
RIVE ACRES, Kauniann, rent for $40.00 ' per
annum, for seventy-five per cent of the mort
gage; cleared and ready for planting cane; owner re
moving to Honolulu reason for selling.
It is said no fee simple property can be bought in
Hilo, but the above are actually for sale.
Look at these leases for sale also. If you have
any money at all I can show 3rou how to flop it over
and everybody will make something. The experience
of every man who has ever bought anything since the
first crusade teaches us that now is the time to invest
in Hilo real estate.
LOOK AT THIS!
A LEASE of 57 x 68 feet, corner of Bridge and King
" streets, Hilo, at $12.00 per month for twelve
years; business property; can be made to return $60.00
per mouth; for sale so cheap that the price is withheld
from the public only bona fide inquirers will be given
RIVE YEARS' LEASE of income-bearing property
on mauka side of Front street; buildings and
lease, $1200; will pay for itself in rents long before
expiration of lease.
13 years' lease of business
property at Waiakca, with 4
buildings costing $1,750, at $25 per year ground rent,
paying $40 per month.
Tourists coming to town inquire for property; if
you have any to sell, list it now; it costs you nothing
to advertise if it is a good thing.
J. U. SMITH, Agent,
Pitman nud Waianucnue Streets.
i&i&iipttrt'' , -.d-Ai. V. Jte'Mfri'iMvi!.. it&k&haVt4kSU&Mx