Newspaper Page Text
Tint WMiqV HI1,0 TUI11UNK, hll,0, HAWAII, TUKBDAV, NOVUMIWR 98, 1905.
SUGAR PLANTERS DISCUSS
LABOR SAVING DEVICES
Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting H. P. Baldwin Elected
President Many Important Papers Read Cane
Loaders and Other Machinery C. C. Kennedy De
scribes Methods Used at Waiakea.
The following was the program for !
fn.1 1 AT ttnrw-trtc r! TTnllUntf "
I and Transportation Committee, and of,,
i tlic Manufacturing Committee.
I Tuesday A. M. Reports of F.xpeti.
! mvnt.it Slntion of the Directors of tlic ,
J Divisions of Agriculture, Kntomologv,
J Pathology nml Fertilization.
Tuesday 1'. ftl. V-Oim on uuic uis
1 ease, Craw on Hencficial Insects.
Wednesday A. M. Committee Re
ports on Labor, Unulmi; and Trans
portation, Machinery, Ily-ProducU,
Forestry mm l.auor having.
Thursdav A. M. Visit to Kxpcrl-
mental Station, where lunch was'
Thursday 1'. M. Hxccutivc Session.
Dinner at Yoiiiik Hotel, followed by
I smoking concert.
Priilay Clearing up icu-over oust-
The twenty-fifth annual meeting
of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters'
Association convened last Monday
at 10 o'clock in the rooms at the
Judil Building. President !. M.
Swanzy was in the chair and a
mong those present at the opening
of the meeting were l?. Forbes, II.
P. Baldwin, E. K. Bull, G. V. Da
vies. W. II. C. Campbell, C. F.
Kckart, J. Fassctt, A. Garvie, C.
C. Kennedy, J. McLennan, J. A.
Scott, V. Pfotenhauer, W. W.
Hall, J. F. Tyre, K. Madden, F.
Meyer, G. Ratten. W. O. Smith,
F. Webber, A. Gartenberg, J.
Hine, P. McLean. F. A. Schaefer,
J. G. Spencer, James Webster, J.
T. Moir, T. S. Kay, V. M. Gift"
ard and R. D. Mead, secretary.
The minutes of the last annual
meeting were read by the Secre
tary and approved as read.
The president read his annual
address announcing that the crop
was 426,000 tons of sugar which,
while not the largest on record was
most satisfactory. He noted that
the leaf hopper was gradually be
ing decimated by the parasites
found by Entomologists Koebcle
and Perkins in Fiji and Australia.
He dealt on the foundation of the
Pathological and the work of the
Agricultural division at the Experi
mental Station. The work was
greatly helped by V. M. Gilford.
A year ago he had announced the
price at 4.65 for New York centri
frugals but he regretted that he
could not say the same today, in
fact the price was so different that
he did not care to mention it at all.
He felt too that the tendency was
down rather than up. The ad
dress closed with a feeling refer
ence to the death of H. Alexander
On II. P. Baldwin's motion the
report was adopted and ordered in
corporated in the records of the
The secretary's report concern
ing the meetings of the board, the
yield of sugar for the year and
other matters of public record, was
read and adopted.
Senator Baldwin suggested that
there should be more uniformity hi
the manner in which reports of dif
ferent plantations are sent in. Some
plantations deducted for rock piles,
waste land, road and main ditches
while others did not. He thought
that the deduction of area should
be made as otherwise it would
make a difference of about ten per
cent. No action was taken.
On the motion of J. T. Moir the
following were re-elected trustees
for the year: E. D. Tenuey, F. M.
Swanzy, G. II. Robertson, F. A.
Schaefer, II. P. Baldwin, V.
Pfotenhauer, B. F. Dillingham, W.
G. Irwin and W. O. Smith.
On reconvening at 2 o'clock, the
secretary announced the following
elections by the trustees:
II. P. Baldwin, president; Geo.
II. Robertson, vice president; W.
O. Smith, secretary and treasurer;
E. Faxon Bishop, auditor.
A vote of thanks was tendered
ex-President F. M. Swanzy to
which the latter responded. The
new president expressed his thanks
for the honor conferred upon him
and then presented the report and
, year-book of the Planters Experi-
1 incut Station.
! There was no formal report from
j the Committee on Irrigation, dis
cussion of the subject going over
I until the receipt of the report of the
Station. It was stated that many
of the plantations were doing en
tirely too much irrigating.
C. C. Kennedy, of the Commit
tee on Machinery, submitted a
lengthy report. He gave a most
interesting account of the improve
ments made since he was first con
nected with the sugar plantations
Mr. Kennedy's paper was illus
trated by blue-prints of different
forms of machinery. It was most
exhaustive and was heartily ap
plauded. The following report on Cane
Loading was submitted by C. C.
Kennedy and received close atten
tion by the members:
"The cane loaders at Waiakea
have done good work for the last
three seasons. All of our cars arc
filled by the loaders, the cane being
brought to the side of the railroad
either by sleds or low trolley carts.
We haul the cane between 500 and
600 feet, as the case may be, by
mule power, and having no port
able track (speaking as the term is
used on plantations where that sys
tem is carried on), we shift our
track, but always see that the road
is good for locomotives.
"Our cane is picked up loose and
placed on sleds or trucks with a
I sling under the cane, and after that
it goes to the side of the railroad
and the thing for the loa ler to do
is to take the cane and put it into
the railroad cars. This is done by
our loaders which are on a side
track parallel with the main line
about seven feet from each other.
"Capacity To give the capacity
of one machine (to pick this cane
off the trucks and drop it into the
cars), is to state that I have known
one to load 300 tons of cane into
cars in nine hours with three men
all told, working slings and empty
ing same (one man easily works
"Fuel It will use five gallons of
distilatc per day, costing us 17
cents per gallon.
"The regular amount loaded is
"No trouble is experienced for
cooling of the cylinder as the same
water is used over and over all day
and does not require renewing for
weeks, especially in the Hilo dis
trict where it rains considerably,
the water being caught from the
roof of the house over the loader.
"Shifting To shift the machine
is an easy matter no difficulty
whatever, since it weighs but 2400
lbs. Thus any Portuguese after a
little experience can do it, and not
requiring a special man for the pur
pose. "Labor Saving We claim a sav
ing of 60 men a day on Waia
kea, on 20 tons of cane handled,
since we got these machines.
"We use the loader to fill cars
with wood or anything else as well
"This machine is just like a loco
motive crane running by gas. The
best feature of the machine is tilt
ing the car a foot higher at one
end, thereby the crane is made to
work twice as fast as if it were on a
"Balance To balance a load of
1,200 to 1,500 lbs. of cane have the
engine and the water tank adjusted
so that when the weight of enne is
hanging on the crane, tlic cane is
the heavy end, and being the heav
iest will naturally work down eas
ier on the car. When the cane is
dropped the tank end is the licn
iest, and of course, it wishes to ge
to the low end in a hurry. So on
it goes, first the crane is the heav
iest, and then the tank, time about,
thus making it self-acting.
"Slings With the loaders, the
slings arc as important, so that as
soon as the load of cane is over the
car, and in position, the little cord
hanging down is pulled and the
sling opens in the bottom, one-half
going each way, hanging on the
"Improvements After three
years we have not been nble to im
prove on the machine.
"Engine We use the Union Gas
Engine, and find it all we need to
do the work, and gives no trouble.
"For picking up cane and filling
cars, I have not met its equal. As
for handling cane to the track,
we claim nothing in that line, but
for a loader I say this machine will
do the work. Our loader is for that
purpose only, and have not tried to
make do the hauling of cane, our
mules doing that at present.
"We arc now making a machine
half the weight of our present loader
to be placed on truck or cart to
pick up cane in the field and place
it on truck, to be taken to the larg
er loader along side the railroad.
"The light machine will not have
a water tank for cooling the gas
engine which makes it a very light
one to cart in the field, wc believe
four of such will do our work and
make a sa ing of 3 cents per ton of
"There is nothing like trying,
what are most of you doing on the
Islands? standing back, waiting de
velopments and laughing at failure?
"Let us keep at it.gentleineu, and
wc will get there, but all get to it.
One machine may suit one, and
not suit the other. Make up your
minds to try something, then work
on it till you succeed, for you will
never gain success until you do
A letter from Alexander Young
describing his invention of sugar
machinery, and another from "An
Engineer of Twenty Years' Ex
perience" on the setting of mill
rollers were read.
C. F. Eckart, Director of Agri
culture and Chemistry, read a
scientific paper on fertilizer. He
strongly recommended that apart
Irom the experiments made by the
Association station, individual plan
tations should make experiments as
the soil and climate at different
plantations vary so much. He ad
vocated the trying of by-products,
green manuring and stable products
should be tried and careful record
kept of the results. Letters of
fertilizing were read from James
Gibb and Andrew Moore. The re
ports were ordered printed.
Printed copies of the reports of
the Committees on Labor Saving
Devices and on Manufacture were
The former dealt with cane loaders
and cane cutters. As to the former
it suggested that the association
should appropriate a few thousand
dollars towards perfecting and put
ting into operation a device which
would pick up the cane from the
ground and elevate it into wagons.
Descriptions of a number of devices
now in operation were furnished.
The Ginaca Cane Cutter, invented
by a Honolulu mechanic, was men
tioned with reserve.
The report on Manufactures con
tained contributions as follows:
"Clarification of Raw Juice,"
William Stodart, McBryde.
"Recovery of Sugar from Scums
and Settlings," E. K. Bull, Oahu.
"Boiling and Drying No. 1
Sugars," E. Madden, Kukaiau.
"Treatment of Boiling of Molasses
Sugars," Mr. Williams, Puuueue.
"Preparing Product for Ship
ment," J. Watt, Olaa.
"General Control of Manufac
ture," J. Scott, Wainaku.
A report of factory work in
general made up from weekly bul
letins issued by the Experiment
Station is also attached.
Nothing To roar.
Mothers need have no hesitancy
in giving Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy to their little ones, as it
contains nothing injurious. This
remedy is not only perfectly safe to
give to small children, but isa med
icine of great worth and merit.
For Sale by Hilo Drug Co.
Now for the folks right here near your own vine and fig
tree. Our stock, received by the Enterprise, is adapted for use
here more than to scud away. Manicure Sets this year are
both attractive in appearance and serviceable. One should be
on the dressing case in every lady's boudoir. An Atomizer the
same. Ours are cheap and beautiful. For your husband or
brother there can be nothing better than a Shaving Set, if cither
shaves. For the library we have some beautiful Ink Stands
and Smokers' Sets. A box for holding collars and cufis would
be an acceptable gift for a gentleman. We have some beauties.
There are Dressing Sets for ladies, Mirrors in celluloid or stag
frames, Comb and Brush Sets and Puff Boxes, and if you arc
thinking of baby get one of the sets made especially for the
HILO DRUG CO., LTD.
NOAH W. CRAY
The hotel is n beautiful stone-front, stccl-frnined, upto-date fire-proof
building. Corridors, toilets and bathrooms are all wainscoted with Tennes
All rooms nre elegantly furnished and excellently well ventilated.
Gentle breezes waft through corridors nml sleeping-rooms day and night.
This hostelry, of already world-wide fame, opened n little over two
years ago, has been favored by patrons from all parts, who unite in the
opinion that its service, its silver and cutlery, its linen, its china, its crystal,
etc., nrc equal to those of the best hotels anywhere.
WATICR A three-million-gallon-a-day artesian well of one thousand
feet in depth supplies abundance of delightfully soft water of high chemical
purity, livery room in the building has hot nml cold water. All the table
water, as well as that supplied to the rooms for drinking purposes, is distilled.
HOTEL FARM The excellency of the table is much enhanced by this
hostelry possessing its own f.iriu, where, from a fine herd of Jersey cows, nu
abundant supply of milk and cream is obtained; a fine lot of poultry pro
duces eggs and nice broilers', n lot of choice runts produce the delicate squab
required; suckling pig and young pork nre produced by a herd of fine llerk
shire hogs, Fresh fruit and vegetables of all kinds nre daily supplied from
this farm; frogs and mullet from the ponds arc also supplied daily.
ROOF OARDIJNOn the fifth floor, in centre section of building,
there is n K001f GARDEN of one-third of mi ncre in area, furnished with
beautiful shrubs, seats and tables nre interspersed and refreshments nre
served by active mid obliging waiters nil day and throughout the evenings.
Awnings nre provided for shelter and band concerts nrc frequently given.
At one end of this garden there is n large dance pavilion, while at the other
end there is n similar room fitted with all the comforts for n louuging-room,
where billiards nml other games nre enjoyed by ladies nml gentlemen.
From the Roof Garden the whole of the city and surrounding country,
with the sea on one hand and the verdure-clad mountains on the other, pre
sent n panorama of tropical beauty which for grandeur cannot be surpassed.
I.oug-distnuce telephone in every room.
Cablo Address "Young's," Honolulu
Amorican and European Plan
SPECIAL RATES TO ISLAND PEOPLE
All ireight sent to ships by our launches
will be charged to shippers unless accom
pauied by a writteu order from the cap
tains of vessels.
3otf R. A. MICAS & CO.
House on School Street, recently oc
cupied by F. Soua, Apply to
F. S. LYMAN
or II, VICARS
This is the season for cheer and
it should manifest itself in every
home in the land. It is the season
for an exchange of gifts, a custom
that has been in vogue since the
earliest days of Christianity. Here
in Hawaii much that is given at
this season comes Irom nway; arti
cles devised here make npproptiatc
gifts for friends at home. We have
an assortment of Island products
that may be transported by mail at
a trifling expense and the cost of
the articles is immaterial. They
will be as much cherished by the
receiver as if half a fortune was
PAY FOR THE BEST
AND THAT'S THE CLASS OP WORK
FRONT ST., 01', SPRRCKF.L'S BLOCK
When your vitality Is low, you
nro miserable nil tho time.
Yoti nro languid nn'l ilppreseil, your
ncrw am weak, nml jour sijijiotito is pour.
did for tho invalid daughter of a grateful
j "My itAtiRhtPr hid for a long tlmo been
tnml'Ied Ith violent liculaclics nml sleep-
I lt'anu4 Hlio was palp, li.nl no nppctlto,atit
I nis Inline tlcsli ranlrflv. HI10 tried various
rrincdli-i), I mt rccclM'd no ticnrnt until alio
I'oiiiiiiciiceil ujIiir Ajn's SarnaparllU. After
uklni; lalf a IkiUIo alio Iicj-an to feci latter,
lly a continued tmo of tlilt mcdlclno lier
nppctlto returned, Iter clireks began to till
out nml allow color, alio Kilned in atrciiRtli,
Iht liculaclics illappcarcd, alio alept bolter,
and now aaja alio feels llko a new person."
There nre many imitation
Bo suro you got "AYER'S." .
Prepared by Dr.J.C.Arcrt Co., LowiII.Mim., U.S. A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY.
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
Iu effect July 1, 1905.
Passenger Trains, Bxcept Sunday.
2:30,1V 11110 nr
3:15 ar Kcaau nr
3:30 ar... Penulalc.ar
3:55 ar..Mount. V'w..nr
4:15 ar.. Glcnwood...lv
lv llllo ar
nr.... Wniaken ...nr
,. Olaa Mill...
3:35 nr..Mouut. V'w-ar
The trains of this Company between
Hilo and Puna will be run as follows:
Leave Hilo Station, by way of Rail
road Wharf, for Olaa and Puna, upon the
arrival of the Steamship Kiunu, running
through to Puna and stopping at Pahot.
both going and returning.
A.M. FRIDAY: a.m.
6:00 lv Hilo nr 9:55
ur.U. R. Wharf.ar 9:50
6:06 'nr.... Waiakea. ...ar 9:30
6:28 nr...Olaa Mill...ar 9:10
6:58 nr..Pnhoa Juucar 8:42
nr Pahon nr 8:30
7:20 n r Puna lv 7:35
a.m SUNDAY: p.m.
9:00 lv Hilo ar 4:40
9:06 nr....Wuinkea...nr 4:35
9:25 W...01nn Mill...nr 4:15
9:50 ur..Puhoa June 3:47
10:20 'nr Pahoa ar 3.35
10:55 nr Puna lv 3:00
Kxcursion tickets liptupptt nil nnltita
nre sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, good for twenty
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets nre sold at very
n. K. MF.TZGF.R,
two ways of
looking at It."
is the average distance nt which
normal eyes see most easily,
holding book or paper
differently means eye-strain
! ..1.1 .... . !..!.. 1 . , ...
in juh iu Hire rigm, r.-aii ngllt,
nud feel right.
A. N. SANFORD
1I0ST0N HUILDING, - HONOLULU
ALL KINDS OF
GOODYEAR RUBBER CO.
R. H. PUASK, President.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., U. S, A,