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Tim wi$kkiV into TumuNii, nao, hawaii, tuksday, nncHMimR 5, 1905.
HILO BOARDING SCHOOL
AND ITS BEGINNING.
Dedication of New Building Early Struggles of the
Boys' School and Its Founders Fathers David B.
Lyman and Titus Coan Sixty-nine Years Ago
Practical Education of Students.
The dedication of the new build
ing of the Hilo Hoarding School
took place last Friday afternoon at
3 o'clock. Sitting upon the plat
form in the main assembly hall
were Judge I. S. I,vman, presid
ing, Rev. C. V. Hill, Principal
Levi C. Lyman and members of
the Hoard of Trustees, Rev. C. IS.
Shields, S. I Desha and Judge G.
W. A. Ilnpai.
In his opening remarks Judge
Lyman gave a detailed account of
the origin, history and growth
of the Hilo Hoarding School. His
remarks were listened to attentively
by the assembled school and the
friends of that institution present.
Rev. S L. Desha spoke in Hawaii
an and was followed by Rev. C. W.
Hill who gave a brief address. The
formal dedication was made by
Rev. C. IS. Shields, all joining in
the doxology at the close of the
The Hilo Boarding School had
its inception in 1836, when Father
Titus Coan and Father D. B.
Lyman, early American mission
aries to these islands, established a
school of eight or nine Hawaiian
boys. Hilo was a mere village in
those days. There was only two
wooden houses in the place, the
Coan house built by Mr. Goodrich,
and the house built by Father
Lyman, now the Dr. Wetmorc
home. The streets of Hilo were
mere footpaths, and the villagers
lived in grass huts.
The first school building was a
grass house with thatched roof and
sides. The hoys slept within the
building and Father Lyman and
his good wife were the first teachers.
Two Hawaiian assistants, Kaapa
and Harcnaba, the latter having
been trained as an Hawaiian priest,
performed valuable service.
During the first year, the school
increased to forty students, when it
became necessary to seek larger
quarters. Tiiere were no carpen
ters at Hilo at this time, and the
only available lumber was the rough
hewn boards taken from the forests.
About this time an American car
penter, James Castle by name,
started a saw mill in the heart of
the wilderness about twelve miles
from Hilo on a branch of the Wai
luku river. He was engaged to
build the new school building,
which he completed in 1S37 on the
premises where R. A. Lyman now
resides. The new building was
one and a half stories high, 25 feet
wide by 75 feet long, floored with
ohia boards, having a thatched roof
and walls. The doors, tables and
desks were made from koa boards.
Another one-story building was
erected for father Lyman's resi
dence. At this time Mr. Wilcox, a teach
er of the American Board, establish
ed a small school in the former Ly
man home, and Mrs Coan started a
school for girls in a thatched build
ing on their premises, both oi which
continued for many years.
In a few years the growing classes
made it necessary to add a wing to
Father Lyman's Boarding School.
The membership then numbered
from 70 to 80 scholars. Whale oil
lamps and tullow caudles furnished
the light in those early days.
The boys raised the taro, bana
nas, sugar cane and other articles
of" foods as they do now. In 1848,
the advent of the American warship
"Independence", Commodor Du
pont, commanding, with a brass
baud, gave the inhabitants of Hilo
for .the first time the novel ex
perience of baud music. The stu
dents of the Hoarding School were
stirred to emulation and soon con
structed from squash stems and
bamboo reeds, a crude set of musi
cal instruments. They devised
flutes, fifes, cluriouets, flageolets and
even a sliding trombone, on which
they played. Subsequently and
from time to time, Father Lyman
picked up from passing whale ships
flutes and other musical instru
ments, until quite a respectable or
chestra, including a violin and bnse
viol, was created. These musi
cians led the choir in the Hnili
Church for ninny years. Most of
the boys bought their own instru
ments, which they took to their
i homes in various parts of the island.
In the fall of 1853, the thatched
school building was completely
burned to the ground and for a
time it seemed that
would have to disband.
erican Board of Missions had with
drawn assistance from the institu
tion, which was self-supporting. But
the 70 to 80 boys volunteered to
build a temporary school building,
which they did and used for several
Subscriptions for rebuilding the
school were received from Hawaii
to Niihau, and in 1856 a large school
building was constructed by Henry
Williams and Charles IS. Richard
son, two carpenters from Oahu.
This was a two story frame struc
ture, with stone basement and an
iron roof. During the process of
construction a mighty voltanic
eruption occurred, a lava flow
poured down irom the summit of
Mauna Loa. It stopped after a
year's duration, within seven miles
of Hilo, wiping out the south
branch of the Wailuku river.
This old school building still
stands in the rear of the present
magnificent structure, and has been
converted into a workshop for the
manual training departments.
The new Hilo Boarding School
building was completed September
1, 1905. It has two stories and a
basement and was built at a cost of
$16,682.68. It is an imposing
frame building, 126 feet long by
46 feet wide, having a wide ver
anda on the four sides. On the
first floor there is a spacious assem
bly hall, with a platform on the
side, and six class rooms, office,
library and reading room. Up
stairs, there is one large dormitory
for the younger students, two large
teacher's rooms and forty single bed
rooms. Each student's room is
10x6 feet and contains a clothes
locker, iron cot and mattress, each
boy furnishing his own bedding
and other furniture. They are
held individually responsible for the
care of their rooms and every room
is securely locked.
In the basement, besides the
lavatory and toilets, there is a large
dining hall having a seating capa
city for over a hundred persons.
The students do their own cooking
and wait upon the table in turns.
At present there are 62 students,
of ages varying from 18 to 20 years.
The school was primarily organiz
ed for the education of the Ha
waiian youth, but all nationalities
arc received. At present there 43
Hawaiians or part-Hawaiians, 13
Japanese, 3 Germans, 1 Chinese, 1
Korean and 1 Porto Rican.
Military discipline is the rule of
conduct, and the students have
organized a miniature democracy,
each member being a factor in the
government of the institution.
Judges are elected from their num
ber, who try cases of misconduct
brought before them. This court
sits once a week and is under the
general supervision oi the Prin
cipal. If offenders arc found
I guilty, suitable punishment is
meted out to them. A high valua
tion is placed on honor, and any
student who receives no discredits
is given special privileges which he
himself has earned.
The tuition is $35 per annum.
This covers board and room. A
hoy must bring with him a suit of
white clothes, two suits of khaki,
two suits working clothes, sheets,
pillow, pillow cases, blankets,
bedspreads, nightgowns and rain
coat. Boys may do their own
washing or hire it done by the
ISvcry boy in the school is re
quired to work three hours n day
on the school farm, which contains
40 acres, half of which is owned in
fee by the school and half held
under perpetual lease from the
government. The manual training
in the school is practical and com
plete. The boys raise on the pre
mises all of food consumed, includ
ing taro, vegetables and fruit.
Rice, sugar, bread and meats are,
purchased. The school conducts
its own dairy and are looking after
the experiments in cocoa, and
bananas being conducted by the
Hawaii Experiment Station in con
nection with the Hilo Boarding
In the workshop, the boys are
taught blacksmithiug, carpenter
ing, wood turning, printing, knife
carving nud tailoring. After a boy
has spent one year in each depart
ment, he is then allowed to chose a
trade, which he is permitted to
follow, his further education hav
ing in view the particular line of
The mental training of the young
men is not neglected, nnd the morn
ing from 8:30 till noon is devoted
to instruction in reading, mathema
tics, geography, history, language,
the science, drawing and' music.
Many of the graduates of the Hilo
Boarding School enter Kamehamc
ha School for Boys at Honolulu
and are widely scattered over the
A theological department under
Rev. C. IS. Shields has been inau
gurated during the past year, as a
post graduate course. Since the
inception of the Hilo Hoarding
School during its sixty-nine years,
the attendance has numbered one
thousand five hundred students,
each pupil remaining in the school
on an average of two and one half
The Principals from the organi
zation of the School to date have
been: 1836-1873, Rev. David B.
Lyman; 1874-1878, Rev. J. K.
Naeole; 1878-1886, Rev. Win, B.
Oleson; 1886-1890; , A. W. Burt;
1890-1897, Mr. and Mrs. W. S.
Terry; and from 1897 t dnte Mr
and Mrs. Levi C. Lyman.
The Board of Trustees consists of
Hon. F. S. Lyman, President; Rev.
hC. W. Hill, Secretary; Rev. S. L.
Desha, Hon. G. W. A. Hapai, N.
C. Willfong, Mrs. J. L. Richard
son, Dr. Frances Wetmore, Rev.
C. E. Shields, P. Peck, Rev. J.
Kauhane, W. W. Hall and Rev.
T. S. Timoteo.
The faculty is as follows: Levi
C. Lyman, Principal; Mrs. Ella II.
Westervelt, Matron; Miss Ellen G.
Lyman, Clare F. Hitchcock, C. A.
Ned", Mrs. L. C. Lyman, and two
student assistants, Jeremiah Maluo
and Masaichi Yamamoto.
Caught Cold WI1II0 lluutliur IturInr
Mr. Win, Thos. Lanorgau, pro
vincial Constable at Chapleau, On
tario, Canada, says: "I caught a
severe cold while hunting a burglar
in a forest swamp last fall. Hear
ing of Chamberlains Cough Remedy
1 tried it, and after using two small
bottles, I was completely cured."
For sale by Hilo Drug Co.
DO YOU SMOKE?
We carry in stock every
variety of pipes, from the
cheapest that's made to the
elegant meerschaum. We call
attention especially to our gen
uine French briars, straight or
curved stems, with genuine
We can supply you with
the best grades of pipe tobac
co, all varieties.
Come in and look around.
The Hilo Drug Co.
Now for the folks right here near your own vine and fig
tree. Our stock, received by the Enterprise, is adapted for use
here more than to send away. Manicure Sets this year are
both attractive in appearance and serviceable. One should be
on the dressing case in every lady's boudoir. An Atomizer the
same. Ours are cheap and beautiful. For your husband or
brother there can be nothing better than a Shaving Set, if cither
shaves. For the library we have some beautiful Ink Stands
and Smokers' Sets. A box for holding collars and cuffs would
be an acceptable gift for a gentleman. We have some beauties.
There arc Dressing Sets for ladies, Mirrors in celluloid or stag
frames, Comb and Brush Sets and Puff Boxes, and if you are
thinking of baby get one of the sets made especially for the
HILO DRUG CO., LTD.
NOAH W. CRAY
The hotel is n beautiful stone-front, steel-framed, up to-datc fire-proof
building. Corridors, toilets ami bathrooms arc all wainscoted with Tennes
All rooms nre elegantly furnished and excellently well ventilated.
Gentle breezes waft through corridors ami sleeping-rooms day nud night.
This hostelry, of already world-wide fame, opened n little over two
years ago, has been favored by patrons from all parts, who unite in the
opinion that its service, its silver and cutlery, its linen, its china, its crystal,
etc., are eipial to those of the best hotels anywhere.
WATJ'.R A thrce-milllon-gallou-a-day artesian well of one thousand
feet in depth supplies abundance of delightfully soft water of high chemical
purity. Every room in the building has hot ami cold water. All the table
water, as w ell as thnt supplied to the rooms for drinking purposes, is distilled.
HOTEL FARM The excellency of the table is much enhanced by this
hostelry possessing its own farm, where, from a fine herd of Jersey cows, an
abundant supply of milk and cream is obtained; a fine lot of poultry pro
duces eggs and nice broilers; n lot of choice runts produce the delicate squab
required; suckling pig nud young pork ore produced by a herd ol fine Berk
shire hogs, Fresh fruit and vegetables of all kinds ore daily supplied from
this farm; frogs and mullet from the ponds ore also supplied daily.
ROOF GARDEN On the fifth floor, in centre section of building,
there is a ROOP GARDEN of one-third of an acre in area, Inriiisbed with
beautiful shrubs, seats ami tables are interspersed and refreshments arc
served by active and obliging waiters nil day and throughout the evenings.
Awnings are provided for shelter and baud concerts ure frequently given.
At one cud of this garden there is n large dance pavilion, while at the other
end there is u similar room fitted with all the comforts for a louugiiig-room,
where billiards and other games ore enjoyed by ladies nnd gentlemen.
l'rom the Roof Garden the whole of the city nud surrounding country,
with the sea on one hand and the verdure-clad mountains on the other, pre
sent a panorama of tropical beauty which for grandeur cannot he surpassed.
Longdistance telephone in every room.
Cablo Address "Young's," Honolulu
Amorican and Europoan Plan
SPECIAL RATES TO ISLAND PEOPLE
All ircight scut to ships by our launches
.lit ! rtlahbj.l - .it. iiKiiawA, ftlAC-a Anvft '
will lie unuiKlil lu BlllJ'I'cia iiiucon itiiuiu1
panied by n written order from the cap
tuins of vessels.
3otf R. A. LUCAS & CO.
House on School Street, recently oc
cupied by 1', Soiua, Apply to
- 1'. S. LYMAN
or II. VICARS
This is the season for cheer and
it should manifest itself in every
home in the land. It is the season
for an exchange of gifts, a custom
th.it has been in vogue since the
earliest days of Christianity. Here
in Hawaii much that is given at
this season comes from away; arti
cles devised here make appropriate
gifts for friends at home. We have
an assortment of Island products
that may be transported by mail at
a trifling expense and the cost of
the articles is immaterial. They
will be as much cherished by the
receiver as if half a fortune was
PAY FOR THE BEST
AND THAT'S THE CLASS OF WORK
FRONT ST., Or. SPRECKEVS BLOCK '
When your vitality is low, you
arc miserable all the time.
You nro I.ingulil nri'l depressed, your
norvr.4 nro weak, and your nppotito t poor.
did for the invalid daughter of a grateful
"My d.vtRlitcr had for a long time been
troubled with violent licutaclira mid sleep
Icmucim. Stio wan p.ilo, lud tiu appetite, and
wan Icnlnjr Heili rapidly. Hlio tried various
rrinudk'H, t nt t recched no lienellt until she
cnimiiciu'i'it lining Aycr'n Sariaparllta. After
uVlnj; lialf a Ixittlo alio lic;an to reel hotter.
Ily a continued uso of this inedlolno per
appctlto returned, licr elieeks liegan to nil
nut and allow color, alio gained In HreiiRth,
lier headache dliappc.ired, alio alflpt beltur,
ami now s.ijs alio fuel llko a new pel sou."
Thore aro many imitation
Be sure you got "AYER'S."
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY.'
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
Iu effect July 1, 1905.
Passenger Trains, Except Sunday.
" " !
7 19 8 10
A.M. P.M. STATIONS A.M. P.U.
7:00 2:30 lv Hilo ar 9:40 5:45
7:03 2:35nr....Waialcea...or 9:35 5:40
7:3a a:53ar...01aa Mill...ar 9:20 5:25
7:30 3!5or Keaau ar 9:15 5:15
7:46 3:30 ar... Ferudalc.ar 9:00 4:55
8:00 3:55 ar..Mouut. V'w..ar 8:50 4:45
8:20 4:i5ar..Glcuwood...lv 8:30 4:25
i a 4
a.m. p.m. SUNDAY: a.m. r.u.
8:00 2:30,1V Hilo ar 10:48 5:15
8:06 2:36 ar....Walakeo ...ar 10:44 5:n
8:25 2:55 or...Olaa Mill... ar 10:28 4:56
8:32 3:02 ar Kcaau ar 10:22 4:50
8:491 3:19 nr... I'erndale ...ar 10:06 4:35
9:5j 3:35arM""t- V'w..ar 9:55 4:25
9sl 3:55lar... Glcnwood...lv 9:35 4:05
The trains of this Company between
Hilo and Puna will be ruu as follows:
Leave Hilo Station, by way of Rail
road Wharf, for Olna and Puna, upon the
arrival of the Steamship Kiuau, running
through to Puna and stopping at Pauoa
both going aI,d returning.
a.m. FRIDAY: a.m.
6:00 lv Hilo nr 9:55
ar.R. R. Wharf.ar 9:50
6:06 ar....Wuiakca..,.ar 9:30
6:28 jnr...01au Mill...ar 9:10
6:58 ar..Pahoa Juuc.ur 8:42
'ar Fuhoa ar 8:30
7:20 ar Puna lv 7:35
a.m SUNDAY: r.M.
9:00 lv Hilo ar 4:40
9:06 ar....Vuiakea...ar 4:35
9:25 jar.. .Ohm Mill.,.ar 4:15
9:50 ar..l'ahoa June 3:47
10:20 'ar I'ahoa ar 3.35
10:55 !r .Puna lv 3:00
Excursion tickets between nil points
Are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, good for twenty
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
I). IJ. METZGER,
two ways of
looking at It."
is the average distance at which
normal eyes see most easily,
holding book or papor
differently means eye-strain
oid you to see right, read right,
and feel right.
A. N. SANFORD
IIOSTON I1UILDING, - HONOLULU
ALL KINDS OF
GOODYEAR RUBBER CO.
R. H. PEASE, President.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., U. S, A.