Newspaper Page Text
THR VKKKI,Y HILO TRlilUNE, HILO, HAWAII, TUESDAY, DECEMHEU 19, 1905.
REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA.
Dr. Nicholas Russel, of Hilo, and His Reform Propaganda
in' Russia Russia Aflame with Fever of Revolution.
Remarkable Career of the Champion of Liberty and
the People's Cause.
"All Russia is aflame with the
fever of revolt against tyranny."
Thus writes Dr. N. Rtisscl to 0
friend in San Erancisco in a letter
which has been published in the
Call. The article referred to, in
is os follows:
11 Russia is aflame with the
fever of revolt against tyranny.
Suffrage seems to be almost within
the grasp of the people. An up
rising, with which nothing in the
history of the empire is liable to
compare, is now threatening Russia.
The seed that has been so often
sown is at last sprouting. I feel
that my own labors were not in
vain. My pen is working now
more vigorously than for years and
my heart beats nervously as I
anxiously yearn for that first hour
of freedom that all Russians will
enjoy when that awful reign of
tyranny is destroyed."
The news, from St Petersburg
htely has frequently mentioned the
name of Russel. It has told of the
secret issuance of his propagandas
that have kindled the fire of hatred
among his countrymen and stirred
them to revolutionary action. First
he was skirting along the southern
borders of Russia. Next he was
compelled to seek refuge in Japan,
where we have since learned of his
work among the Russian prisoners
of war, who, thirty-thousand must go."
s'rong, several days ago demon-. Not a long while after this in
stated their sympathy for the cident Vladimir was superseded by
revolutionists in Russia by singing Archmandrite Innocente.
the "Marseillaise" and waiving red The doctor had always main
banners bearing the symbols of tained that the education of his
liberty, as they marched through countrymen would eventually bring
the detention camps.
1'ew of the readers of the dis
patches have probably recognized
in this propagator of revolt the
same Dr. Nicholas Russel, a dis-
tiuguished and cultured oculist, 'and repeatedly expressed his op
who practiced for a number of 'position to their plots in the litera-
years in this city, with his offices
in the Phclau building.
Dr. Russel is a nobleman by
birth, a fact he coucelcd after his
arrival in San Erancisco. He had
been a graduate of the University
of Kieff. Dr. Russel, as many
others have done, incurred the an
ger of the Russsan authorities by
his seditious uterrances at a stu
dent meeting and his arrest was
ordered. Aided by a sister, then
but 16 years old, he escaped from
Kieff one night, disguised as a
Mahommedan, and fled to Rou
mauia. For her loyalty to her brother
Dr. Russel's sister was condemned
to imprisonment for five years, and
when he next heard from home
the estate of his father, who had
turned against the authorities be
cause of the brutal treatment of his
children, had been confiscated.
From Roumania the young fugitive
went to Bulgaria, thence to Greece,
where he married the woman who
has since shared with him the pe
rils attending his frequent journeys
to the Russian homers, and then
they went to Paris. At the end of
several years' practice as a physi
cran in the French capital the doc
tor and his wife came to San Fran
cisco. Mrs. Russel was an attrac
tive woman, who rapidly surround
ed herself with tiewmade friends,
who will reidily recall the happy
social events they enjoyed as the
guests of this entertaining hostess.
It was early in 1890 that Dr.
Russel first gained prominence
through the charges he made
against Bishop Vladimir of the
Greco-Russian church on Powell j
btreet. They were preceded by the
withdrawal of the doctor and his j
wife from the church and were fol- j
lowed by Russel's exconinninica-1
tion. By this time two factions in 1
the church had become arrayed
against each other and a bitter war
ensued, during which the edifice
caught fire one night and was ,
partially destroyed, This incident '
provoked more bitter criminations
and for a time it was feared that
blood might be spilled. Bishop
Vladimir was arrested on serious
cnarges but these were never p:es-
sed. Libel suits were also instituted.
About this stage of the contro
versy the Russian Consul, who had
been dragged into the affair, pub
lished an attack upon Dr. Russel.
He branded the doctor as a nihilist
and charged him with being a
fugitive from his native country.
In a scathing retort Dr. Russel re
ferred to the Consul as being be
neath him in social rank and
unworthy of recognition and
evidence of this charge he signed
his reply with his true name, thus
furnishing to the people the first
intimation that he 'was a nobleman
One day, Dr. Russel in his office
in the Phclau building was awaited
upon by two of Bishop Vladimir's
friends, who made an offer of 12,
000 to Russel if he would cease his
fight against the Bishop. Looking
his visitors steadily in the eye the
doctor replied in a voice that clearly
expressed his indignation:
' Tell your Bishop that this fight
is one of principle. All the gold
the holy synod has stored in its
vaults in St. Petersburg will not
sway me in this affair. Vladimir
to them the freedom that they had
long prayed for. He scorned the
principles of nihilism and anarchy,
declaring them' to be a menace to
the future welfare of the people
ture that was issued at regular
intervals by him.
To the Russian, who had become
a fugitive from his country for
political reasons, however, the doc-
tor was most generously disposed,
and it was seldom that his house
on California street, near Polk, was
not affording shelter to some home
He wrote continuously on reform
matters, and through friends of his
cause in Roumania, Bulgaria and
Austria this literature was smug
gled into Russia and secretly circu
lated among the peasantry.
Education was the constant cry
of the persevering Dr. Nicholas
Russel. His slogan was taken up
by his secret followers at home,
who were wont to occasionally
write him encouragingly of the pro
gress of his good work. The Amer
ican friends of Russin, among
whom are Julia Ward Howe, C.
V. Folke and other notables lent
their assistance, morally at least, to
the educational cause.
Dr. Russel's life in San Francisco
had not been prolific of much pro
fessional practice, not that his prac
tice could have been made more
general, but because his active in
terest in the affairs of Russia made
the cause of his unfortunate coun
trymen the absorbing theme of his
mind. His constant contributions
of money, in various sums, to the
people of his race who sought his
assistance proved a serious drain on
his income. At times he was penni
less, but the fact did not seem to
disturb either him or his wife, for
their sentiments were one in all
questions that related to the welfare
of Russian subjects. It was not an
infrequent experience for Dr. Russel
to give his last dollar to a Russian
fugitive. He gave as he had it and
trusted to the morrow for assistance
for himself and wife.
In the latter part of the 'go's
Dr. Russel and his wife removed
to Hawaii, where in a modest home
but a few miles from the base of
volcanic Mauua L,oa he frequently,
. for a time, corresponded with his
'nt.t :... ..1,. :.. c... 1; :..
UIU lllWIUI.-i 111 OUU i'lilllUlSWU, iu
whom he confided many of the de
tails of tie inner workings of his
great scheme to promote revolu
tion in Russia. Finally his letters
ceased, and soon the name of Rus
sel became a matter of memory
with those who had been associated
Early in March, 1901, a steamer
from Honolulu brought the news
that Dr. Russel had been elected a
member of the first Territorial Sen
ate, of which he had been chosen
But the doctor, still wedded to
his revolutionary theories, soon
tired of Hawaiian politics and re
tired from the Senate and was again
lost track of by his former acquaint
ances in San Francisco. Four
months ago his friends in this city
were surprised by the rectipt of a
letter from the doctor in which he
referred to the approaching revo
lution in Russia, and predicted its
oubreak would mark the closing of
the Japanese-Russian war. At that
time he was in Japan, endeavoring
in every possible way to com muni
catc with Russian prisoners of war
and arouse within them the spirit
When the fact became known
that Pobiebonostzeff had refused to
acquiesce in the proposed overthrow
of autocracy and had relinquished
his post to emphasize this feeling
of antagonism, his act was hailed
with demonstrations by the stu
dents and masses, who, during
their shouts of derision, cheered
the name of Russel, their former
student of Kieff, and leader in the
Since then the mention of Dr.
Russel has been frequent in the
dispatches from abroad, showing
that his revolutionary work has
been bearing fruit, as he predicted
in his recent letter from Japan. He
has been generally accredited with
the revolutionary cause that is
threatening the existence of the
monarchy. Even the Czar, through
his various means of communica
tion with the balance of the world,
has attributed the present revo
lutionary spirit to the writings and
and missionary work of Russel and
his colleagues, among whom is
George Pieheklanoff, now exiled in
Switzerland, where his pen has
been working in harmony with
that of Dr. Russel's in supplying
reform literature to the people of
his native laud.
The latest achievement of Dr.
Russel was in the Japanese deten
tion camps at Hammadera and Hi
mcji, where, since the fall of Port
Arthur, he and his followers have
been working incessantly among
the Russian prisoners.
According to the dispatches from
Kobe, more than thirty thousand
Russian prisoners of war have been
organized under the revolutionary
banner and are daily singing the
songs of the new party while await
ing transportation to their own
country. In his several months'
work at Hammadera and Ilimeii
Dr. Russel is said to have been
assisted by the various revolution
ary parties in the United States,
which furnished him with adequate
funds and literature for this parti
Unc great lear lias been enter
tained by Dr. Russel is that, in the
absence of strong leaders at home,
the movement might be carried be
yond limit by the nihilistic element
in the empire and eventually recoil
with disaster upon the freedom
loving masses that are simply seek
ing relief from the autocratic power
that has dominated so cruelly in
Russia for centuries. In one of his
recent letters the doctor refers to
this possibility, which he says
would "end in the revolution de
vouring its own children."
Seemingly the recent countless
disasters to the existing dynasty of
Russia have added strength to the
purposes of Dr. Nicholas Russel
and increased his eagerness to
avenge the brutal treatment of his
father and sister and score for him
self a settlement for the wrongs he
was forced to suffer.
Subscribe for the Tkijiunh
Island subscription 2.50 a ycat.
Now for the folks right here near your own vine and fig
tree. Our slock, received by the Enterprise, is adapted for use
here more than to send awav. Manicure Sets this year are
both attractive iu appearance and serviceable. One should be
on the dressing case in every lady's boudoir. An Atomizer the
same. Ours are cheap and beautiful. For your husband or
brother there can be nothing better than a Shaving Set, if either
shaves. For the library we have some beautiful Ink Stands
and Smokers' Sets. A box for holding collars and cuffs would
be an acceptable gift for a gentleman. We have some beauties.
There are Dressing Sets for ladies, Mirrors in celluloid or stag
frames, Comb and Brush Sets and Puff Boxes, and if you arc
thinking of baby get one of the sets made especially for the
HILO DRUG CO., LTD.
In a Reliable Insurance Company
Wo aro the Rosidont Agonts for the
Guardian Assurance Co. of London
Phoenix of Hartford, Conn, and
Svea of Gothenburg, Sweeden
H. HACKFELD & COMPANY, Ltd.
HAWAIIAN FERTILIZER CO., Limited
SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE: 218 CALIFORNIA ST.
Pnctory. South San l'rmicisco.
OF ALL KINDS IN ANY QUANTITY
Sulphate of Ammonia
Sulphate of Potash
At San Francisco Prices Plus the Freight and Charges.
Fertilizers of any required Analysis, with guarantee of same, furnished
at short order.
SEND IN YOUR ORDERS
H. DEACON, JVgserxt
This is the season for cheer and
it should manifest itself in every
home iu the land. It is the season
for an exchange of gifts, a custom
that has been in vogue since the
earliest days of Christianity. Here
in Hawaii much that is given at
this season comes Irom away; arti
cles devised here make appropriate
gifts for friends at home. We have
an assortment of Island products
that may be transported by mail at
a trifling expense and the cost of
the articles is immaterial. They
will be as much cherished by the
receiver as if half a fortune was
Constantly on Hand in Ililo the
Standard Brands of
WAIANUENUE STRICT, 1111,0 i
A life of suffering and misory,
without sleep, without
tite. Restored to
" I was crlcTmmly afflicted with bilious
ncss and llrrr complaint. My mouth was In
'a tcrrililo condition every morning, my
tongue thickly coated, my breath was oden-
slro, food distressed me, I sulTercd much
from bvadaclio, my rkln w.i- "allow, and the
many rumec!l" recommended mo did no
good. At last I coiiuiiineinl using Ayer's
HarK.iparlll.i, and my Improvement began
almost from tlio llrst dose, it relief eil tho
distress nliout my lUer, caused my food to
digest well, cured my be.idnclic, Improved
my complex Ion, ami restored my appetite.
Theno unlooked-for but grateful results
were accomplished by only tun and a half
hottlesuf Ajer's S.rsjparllla." Mils. l.VUIA
M.TAIIIMIX, Altliun.1, li.
There aro many imitation
Be suro youget "AYER'S."
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY!
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
In effect July 1, 1905.
Passenger Trains, Except Suuday.
.. I'erudale ...
Tlie trains of this Company between
Hilo and Puua will be run as follows:
Leave Hilo Statiou, by way of Rail
road Wharf, for Olaa and I'una, upon the
arrival of the Steamship Kiuatt, running
through to Puna and (topping at Pahou
both going and returuiug.
" , , .. - ,
A.M. FRIDAY: A.M.
6:00 lv Hilo ar 9:55
ar.R. R. Wharf.ar 9:50
6:06 ar....Waiakea..ar 9:30
6:28 'nr...01an Mill...ar 9:10
6:58 'ar..Pahoa Jutic.ar 8:42
'nr I'alioa ar 8:30
7:20 nr Puna lv 7:35
A.M SUNDAY: p.m.
9:00 lv Hilo nr 4:40
9:06 Jur....Vitinken...ur 4:35
9:25 'nr...01an MlU...nr 4:15
9:50 nr..Pahoa June 3:47
10:20 'ar Pnhoa nr 3.35
10:55 ..'nr. . . .Puua lv 3:00
Excursion tickets between nil points
are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, good for twenty
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
I). E. METZGER,
two wave of
looking nt It."
is the average distance at which
normal eyes see most easily,
holding book or papor
differently means eye-strain
niil you to see right, read right,
and feel right.
A. N. SANFORD
110ST0N IIUILDING, HONOLULU
ALL KINDS OP
GOODYEAR RUBBER CO.
R. H. PEASE, President.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., U. S, A,
""JTlliHmTlr"nrTffl"HII"ll li i'W'I i n