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THE WEEKLY HILO TRIBUNE, HILO HAWAII, TUESDAY, JANUARY :6, 1906.
1 . f ' A
IN FRUIT CULTURE.
Wealth Derivable From Hawaii's Undeveloped Resources.
Results of Experimentation with Fruits Observations
on Fruit Growing and Marketing Present Advant
ages in the Canned Pineapple Industry.
The second ouly iu importance to
the sugar industry on these islands,
is the fruit industry. Small it is at
present, to be sure, but still estab
lished and giving promise of 'great
development with pioper manage
ment. The people of the islands
are waking up to the possibilities
. in this direction and to the opportu
nity here afforded for the establish
ment of an industry that should
give profitable employment, utilize
resources now undeveloped, and
britig in good returns to the islands
as a whole audio those engaged in
in the industry in particular. The
banana shipment business is already
well established, as is also that of
the pineapple, but in a small and
as yet not satifactory way, the
future success of the shipment of
'fresh fruit depending in large meaS'
ure upon adequate shipping facili
ties. As a more profitable means
of handling the pineapple crop
pending the improvement of trans
nortation service, the process of
canning this fruit has been taken
up, and the experiment has proved
most successful and promising.
Oahu has two canneries; the island
of Maui, also, has its plant of a
similar kind. The project is receiv
ing serious attention here. The
man on the island of Hawaii who
probably has studied the question of
fruit growing and shipment most
thoroughly, systematically and in
telligently, is ex-Sheriff L. A.
Andrews, of Hilo. He has turned
his attention to the pineaplle can
ning proposition and, as a result of
his investigations, has become
much impressed with the possibili
ties of the business in this direction
SHIPMENT OF FRKSII FRUIT.
In regard to the marketing of
fresh fruit, Mr. Andrews says that
the most important market is in the
United States, which already takes
a large amount of the product of
these islands; and that the demand
from there can be increased to an
almost unlimited extent, as soou as
we have crops large enough to com
mand the services of fast steamers
fitted up especially for the fruit
trade. The United States Depart
ment of Agricultural Farmers'
Bulletin No. 140, on pineapple
growing, states on page 18, as
"Pineapples will stand more
rough handling and keep for a
longer time than any other tropical
fruit that is transported iu the fresh
condition. Its ability to stand
rough handling and its good keep
ing qualities make it possible to
ship it to the centers of population
of all the great nations of the
world. Europe is supplied mainly
irom Northern Africa, the Madeiras,
the Canaries and the Azores; the
eastern portion of the United States
is supplied from the West Indies,
the Bahamas and from Florida, and
the western portion of the United
from the Hawaiian Islands. A
large area of the United States is
still left unsupplied."
It is well known that pineapples
have been sent from Honolulu to
to Washington, D. C, and arrived
in good condition.
ADVANTAGES OF CANNING.
The canning of the pineapple,
however, Mr. Andrews is assured is
the present requirement. He says
that the canned pineapple trade will
take all our output until we have
' enough to load fast fruit steamers.
Two such steamers coming here
would furnish a service every nine
or ten days. Three steamers would
furnish a weekly service. They will j
be here for the business as soon as
we have the loads for them. Then
we can deliver fresh fruit at all
points west of St. Louis and
Chicago iu the same length of time
it now takes to get to the Califor
Some of our conservative tneu
think, he says, there may be trou
ble in finding market for our
It js true that if several of the
large sugar plantations were to con
vert their fields from the cultivation
of sugar cane to the cultivation of
pineapples, it might not be long be
fore the American market would
be over-supplied with canned pine
apples. But the plantation owners
are not going to do that. They can
see, us well as others, that it would
not pay to raise fruit for a glutted
market, and the field is now open
for a Hilo company to get in on the
At present the United States sup
ply of canned pineapples comes
mostly from Singapore and the
British West Indies. The Florida
crop goes into the fresh fruit mar
ket. We have some advantage over
them, in that they cultivate under
the protection of sheds, which costs
from $350 to $600 per acre. We
have in the pineapple business the
benefit of a prosective tarriff of 35
per cent, on foreign goods, which
gives us a great advantage.
Some claim that the American
demand (or canned pineapples is
increasing so steadily that there is
no danger of our reaching the point
where it will be overstocked. Under
existing conditions, we can pro
duce and deliver perfect pineapples
to a caunery at less cost per ton
than the American canneries pay
for fine peaches and pears for can
ning. Our canned pineapples can
stand side by side with the Ameri
can canned fruits in the grocery
stores and sell at the same price
with a good profit to the merchants
and to ourselves.
It is claimed by some, that pine
apples can be made to ripen iu Hilo
every month in the year. This is
due to the peculiarity of our climate.
It has not been fully demonstrated
yet that we can mtike the largest
part of our pineapple crop mature
iu the. wiuter and spring. Some
plants will necessarily go over to
the summer crop time to bloom,
and some will bloom ahead of time
if planted for the winter crop. One
thing, however, is certain, viz.:
that we can with intelligent hand
ling, have our crop come along
throughout the year and thus a
cannery be able to pack many times
more per year, than where the fruit
ripens in three or four months of
the summer, and the same holds
good as to the fresh market.
The market is already waiting
for it, especially during the months
when the American fruits are out
of season from December .to May or
SOMB VAI.UAM.K BYH-FRODUCTS.
Pineapples make fine sweet
pickles and a large amount of our
fruit can get to market in that form.
The pineapple is one of the best
of fruits to use in the manufacture
of candied fruit. The demand for
this product is large and the market
price so high that there is much
more- profit in it than there is in
the canned goods.
Pineapples make a fine preserve,
somewhat like the Chinese pre
served ginger. The market in this
line could be worked up to a very
Vinegar made 'from pineapple
juice is of fine quality. It is claimed
that brandy distilled from pine
apples is the very best.
Pineapples will yield more tons
of fruit per acre than bananas.
And to raise pineapples for distil
ling purposes alone should be more
profitable than to raise bananas for
that purpose. The delicious odor
of the pineapple is located in the
peal or rind of the fruit. The ex
tract of this is valuable.
All the waste from pealing, sizing
and slicing of pineapples is utilized
by converting it into one of the
above named bye products.
The fiber of the pineapple leaves
is of extraordinary strength, fine
ness and beauty, being used in the
manufacture of the far-famed Pina
silk of the Philippines, w.hich com
mands wonderfully high prices.
Where the leaves are produced in
large quantities us will be here,
there is no reason why machinery
should not be made for extracting
this fiber and preparing it for fine
fabrics, baggings, twiue, cordage or
paper of high value.
As Viewed nt n Distance.
News correspondence from
Washington "from official sources"
contains some pretty straight talk
directed at the Hawaiian planters,
on the labor question. It reads:
Washington, Dec. 25. One of
the greatest questions that hus ever
beeq before Hawaii is the immigra
tion problem that now confronts
your local administration as well as
your planters It must be consid
ered in the intensity of its serious
ness. As I said last week: "If Ha
waii is going honestly into the ef
fort to bring white people there, it
must not fall in the same mistake
it has made in the past." It must
be in earnest.
An Associated Press dispatch,
that has been published here with
in the week, states that one plan
tation has arranged for the settle
meat ot a part ot its lands by one
thousand Japanese laborers; also
that the Japanese are acquiring
coffee and vanilla lands. If this
be true, it will hot help Hawaii in
seeking special legislation at the
hands of Congress duriug the pres
ent session. Such a policy is in
diicct opposition to the wishes of
the administration. Not this alone
It may lead to a closer invetiga
tion ot tuc metuods now in vogue
in Hawaii, whereby Japanese labor
is being regularly imported for
plantation purposes. This can be
Notwithstanding the official
sanction given to Hawaii, whereby
its Board of Immigration may se
cure European labor, it is not
knowu here that any action has
yet been taken in this direction.
It is only through the Territory,
and its officials, that labor will be
allowed to enter Hawaii. The' in
discriminate importation, for it is
no less, of Japanese labor will soon
be peremptorily forbidden, even if
the Commissioner of Immigration
is not already preparing instruc
tions to that end. There will be
no consultation with planting in
terests. Federal officials of the
Executive aud Immigration de
partments may soon receive their
orders, when the Territorial Board
of Immigration will be held strictly
responsible for any attempted tech
nical infringements, while the li
teral execution of all directions will
be under the immigration officials.
Plantatiou personality may be di
vorced from the Territorial Board.
Terms to be offered to European
immigrants are far from satisfactory
to the officials in Washington. But,
and solely through the vig
orous personality of Secretary At
kinson, they have been accepted as
a tentative effort in jthe direction of
more enlightened labor conditions
in Hawaii. A man can not sup
port a family on the limited laud
area that is now to be offered to
European laborers. Even the add
ed wage is insufficient to enable
this "on American lines." Plant
ers must remember that the days
of cheap plantation labor are ended.
Hawaii is now part of an enlight
ened nation. The policy of the ad
ministration will not be 'sidetrack
ed. Speaks Well of Ulmmborlnlu's Couch
Mr. John Main, Manager for P,
J. Petersen & Company, Bloemfou-
teiti, So. Africa, makes the follow
ing statement for the benefit of the
public: "Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy has a big sale here and as
we have been handling it for several
years, we can confidently say that
we s'-ll more of it than we do of
any c her peparation of that kind
"This tnedichie is especially rccora
raeni'ed for coughs, colds, croup
and whooping cough and can be
given to the little ones with abso
lute security. For sole by Hilo
Drug Co. '
Publicity v. Urn ft.
There is almost certain to be a
contest over the proposed enforce
ment of the law requiring nil
corporations in the Territory to file
annual exhibits of their condition
with the Division Assessor, accord
ing to the Honolulu Star, 011 the
grounds that the act was not legally
aud regularly passed. The recent
circular sent out lrom the attorney
general's office calling attention to
requirement and the $5000 penalty
for non-compliance, local Hono
lulu merchants characterize as a
bluff. Tliey do not want to file
returns annually as required, and
ihey will probably take the matter
into court. The case opens up
a possible contest over the legality
of the volume known ns the "Re
vised Laws" of Hawaii. It is a
compilation of all the laws of the
Territory, with numerous corree
tions, in one volume, It was made
up by a Code Commission and the
last legislature passed it in a lump.
by an act declaring it to be the laws
In the corporation law in ques
tion, there is an important amend
ment which was made by the Code
Commission. The law was broad
ened by verbal changes, made by
the Code Commission, so that the
failure to file a return is claimed to
be punishable, whereas only a false
return vas punishable before. It
is claimed that this amendment like
many others, was made without the
members of the legislature even
knowing they were doing it. The
laws iu question were never lead iu
either House and did not go
through any of the forms required
ordinarily in passing laws. Hun
dreds of amendments to laws were
made by the Code Commission and
then the legislature declared the
amended book to be the law of the
Territory, without reading it at all.
Governor " Carter has taken up
the matter aud is insisting that the
corporations be compelled to comply
with the law. "Openness uud
publicity," he says, "furnish the
best preventives of graft conditions
and the law must be complied
with." "The penalty clause," said
Attorney General -Peters, "applies
generally to any violation of the
law. It is not merely a petialty for
making a false return, but it is a
penalty for any failure of any kind,
to comply with the law. One of
the requirements of the law is the
filing of these exhibits, hence a
failure to file an exhibit is a failure
to comply with the law and subjects
those responsible to the fine."
At the Crater's Hrlni.
A party to the volcano watched
the old year out at the crater.
They sent a full account of their
trip in a communication to a Ho
nolulu paper and thus describe their
"There was a hurried unpack
ing of champagne bottles, a chorus
of popping corks, and with glasses
held aloft, we toasted Madame Pelc
an the tick of twelve, castiug bot
tles and glasses into the depths be
low. "As if in response to the toast,
the mists of the pit lifted, and we,
crouching on the crumbling brim
of the crater saw a fountain of fire,
rising, falling and rising again.
"It was a thrilling moment. The
guide, Hawaiian John, doffed his
hat and broke into wild song
whether an invocation to the God
dess of Fire, or a praise-song, we of
the 'Haole' knew not. But the weird
scene will ever remain stamped
"As we left the volcano, a soak
ing rain began to fall. Four miles
of brokeu lava to be crossed, and a
trail standing on end to be climbed!
We sang all the way to keep up
our horses' courage.
"It was the wettest rain in the
memory of old inhabitants; but the
game was work the candle, several
times over. We, the undersigned,
testify to it. J. T. Connor.
"Mr. and Mrs. George Lycurgus
of the Volcano House; Mr. aud
Mrs. II. W. Monuastes, Portland,
Ore; Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert N. Bat
chelder, Kohala, Hawaii; Kathe
rine Jenning, Portland, Ore.; J,
Torrey, Connor, Oakland, Cal."
Advertiser, lUmmwn i san FRANCISCO, CAfc., u, SA, MM
Cotton From Oahn.
A very interesting shipment iu
the cargo of a steamer from Hono
lulu recently was six bags of cot
ton grown in Nuuauu valley. The
cotton was the second crop that had
been obtained in that section aud
the raising is as yet in its experi
The tree were planted in Nuuanu
valley for the purpose of serving as
wind breaks but they have thrived
very well and from about 120 trees
240 pounds of cotton were gathered
this year. The particular shipment
will not britig very much in way
of financial profit for cotton sells for
3 cents a pound. The entire ship
ment is worth therefore about $8.40
However one fact is demonstrated
aud this is that an excellent grade
of cotton can be raised in these
islands. Some of the seeds were sent
to various people in Koua some time
ago with the request that experi
ments be made in planting.
It is not thought however that
the cotton industry is likely to cut
any material figure in the develop
ment of industrials in these islands.
Subscribe for the Tribune
Island-subscription $2.50 a ycai.
"!l"1 i-.-- - ...-...-,--.,
Notice to Creditors.
In the Circuit Court of the Fourth Circuit,
Territory of Hawaii.
Ax Ciiamdkhs In Probate.
Iu the matter of the Estate of ALBERT
O. ZIMMERMANN, deceased.
Notice is hereby glveu that the under
signed has been appointed executrix
under the will of the Estate of Albert
O. Zimmerman, deceased.
All creditors of said deceased are
hereby, notified to present their claims,
secured or unsecured, duly verified aud
with proper vouchers, if any, to the
undersigned at Mountain View, Hawaii,
T. H., within six months from and after
the date of this notice, otherwise such
claims, If any, will be forever barred.
Hilo, Dec. 26, 1905,
W. S. Wish
Attorney for Estate. 9-4
I have the Hilo agency for
the Insurance Department
of the Hawaiian Trust Co.
of Honolulu. Policieswrit
ten covering many kinds
of risks. Among the com
panies represented are the
Standard Life and Accident Insurance Co.
Prudential Insurance Co. of America
Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society '
English American Underwriters
Orient Insurance Company
Pacific Surety Company
Pacific Coast Casualty Company
Accident, Fire, Life, Sickness,
Marine, Plate Glass, Elevator,
Employers' Liability, Burglary,
Team and Automobile Insurance
Representing Cash Assets
of Over 1 10 nilllons
For further particulars
f Pyrogrphlc Outfit B-3150
- l"--i fllUffc.
" ' I II I.
Box, No. (188
special mMci?-i a
UOSLmJCBF -.- . . Sffl n
"-? Wanyiiii.il. ,2m '
TU tin Pnfntk 0M t4 VmitMtftt , -; ',
' illmmf fyM y w Alrflv KINDS OF i&ijff S
.SSSSkksss - RUBBER GOODS ' IB1
GALLAGHER BROS. ' GOODYEAR RUBBER CO. MMs
it Giant Avcaua Ska Ifaneltta. CiL , llJiJMl
I ' P. H. PHASE. Present. i , AJSImV
If you haver been very ill, and are not
recovering ai fast at you expected,
Ayor's Sarsaparillawill makoyour blood
pure and will glvo you strength and ,
Mrs. M. McShsno, Ilobart, send thU tat
ter, with her photograph:
"After rocoverlnc from a long attack of
typholfcfever I suffered from a poor appe
tite and great depression, and was no weak
I could hardly walk, Having eeen
advertised as such a good blood purifier
and general tonic, I thought I would try it.
I did ao, and soon my old strength came
back, my appetite returned, and before I
had finished the second bottle I could do
all my work just as well as before"
There are many imitation
Bo sure you got "AVER'S."
AYEJV8 PIIXS, th. b.it family Ui.tlT..
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY!
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
TIME TABLE .
In effect July i, 1905.
Passenger Trains, Except Sunday.
V Hilo ,
iv Iillo ar
ar Keaau. ...ar
ar... Ferndale ...ar
ar... Glenwood. Jv
The trains of this Company between
Hilo and Puna will be run aa follows:
Leave Hilo Station, by way of Rail-,
road Wharf, for Olaa and Puna, upon the
arrival of the Steamship Kinau, running
through to Puna and stopping at Pahoa
both going and returning.
Iv Hilo ar
ar.R. R. Wharf.ar
ar..... Pahoa .....ar
ar Puna Iv
lv Hilo ar
ar... Pahoa...,. .ar
ar Puna lv
Excursion tickets between all points
lie sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until tbe following Monday
Commutation tickets, good for twenty
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
D. E. METZGER,
Call at Tribune Office
A M. P.M.
aiimMutmimiuuMimmim ' 'w 4
v . y.