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tfHii WEEKLY HltO TktfiUtfl, HILO, HAWAII, TUESDAY, JANUARY 30, 1906.
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Comfortable Rocrns ... Hot and Cold Baths ... A Well
Stocked Buffet ... Mixed Drinks and Fine Wines ... A
Cold Storage Plant on premises with all the Delicacies
of the Season ... Open Till Midnight
WAIANUENUE STREET, HILO
THE HENRY WATERHOUSE TRUST GO.
London Lancashire Flro Ins. Co.
National Flro Insurance Co.
Niagara Flro Insurance Co.
German-American Fire Ins. Co.
Pennsylvania Fire Insurance Co.
United States Fidelity Guaranty Co.
Continental Casualty Co.
IN ORDER TO. CLEAR
OUT OUR STOCK OF
we offer them at a very low price.
Though the price might indicate
that the goods are not in good
condition, such is not the case.
Our guarantee goes with every
THEO. H. DAVIES & CO. Ltd.
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A SPLENDID opportunity is offered to buy 82.8
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Order a case from your dealer or
Tins of Soups
1)11. MUE INTERVIEWED.
Sclontlilo 8tndy of Leprosy Fnthor
A well known former resident
of Hilo, Dr. Rice, has been given
an interview by the Milwakec
(Wis,) Sentinel on leprosy in the
Islands which the Doctor has
made a special study of. The
"So much progress has been
made in the study of leprosy that
a cure will be found and demon
strated in the near future," said
Dr. M. Rice, who has just returned
to Milwaukee from Hilo, Hawaii
after a six years' residence in the
islands, where he has worked
under the govcrment among the
lepers. In a private sanitarium he
was abfe to make daily and per
sonal observations and he gained
some encouraging results. Owing
to its loathsomeness and horrible
effects upon the person and its sup
posed contagion but little progress
has been made in its treatment.
For centuries leporsy has been
considered an incurable disease
According to Dr. Rice it is .a
constitutional afQiction, that pro
duces a peculiar life cycle of the
bacilli, and is not in itsclt directly
due to germ. The past treatment
has, therefore, been given to the
results of the disease.withoutgetting
at its cause. Leprosy is supposed
to be caused by uusanitary methods
of living, filth and vice. It is prob
ably a combination of diseases.
"All nation? have segregated its
lepers, because, while physicians
now believe that it is not contagious,
it is infectious, and therefore a
menace to the living world. The
Hawaiian lepers are confined to the
island of Molokai, where Father
Da mien, the Belgian priest, sacrificed
"The people in the islands love
the memory of FatberDamien," said
Dr. Rice. "At his own request he was
sent to the lepers by the Catholic
church in 1873. The Hawaiian
govcrment had established the leper
colony there in 1865. On the arrival
of the prist at the island he found
the condition wretched indeed.
The water supply was bad, the food
poor, and the lepers without medical
attendance. He labored to get more
sanitary conditions, hospital accom
modations for them. He went to
them as their friends, knowing that
when he set foot on the desolate
island that he could never return to
the world again."
Father Damien's work among
the lepers attracted widespread
attention in America and in Europe
and was brought to light through a
beautiful and pathetic letter from
Robert Louis Stevenson. The
good priest organized religious wor
ship, established schools, and
erected a shop for leper trade. He
lent his own hands to the building
of the church at Kalaupapa, the
leper city, and personally dug the
gravesofhuudredsof his parishioners
whom he buried, In the prose
cution of his work he gardually
gathered about him priests, lay
brothers and nuns, as associate
In 1884 he perceived thesymtoms
of the dread disease on one of his
hands, and after that he began
his sermons: "We lepers." He
succumbed to the disease in 1889,
after bringing comfort, hope and
cheer into lives which he found
dusolate, despairing and hopeless.
His simple, heroic life gained
for him the admiration and the
honor of the whole world,
"I shall never forget," said Dr
Rice, "my first visit to the island
of Molokai, the island of death.
It is entirely shut in by a huge cliff
over 500 feet in height, and has a
small harbor where the boats land.
The marine hospital comission visits
there once a month, and often takes
the friends of the lepers over to see
them for a short period. When
we approached we heard soft music
and coming nearer saw that the
leper band was playing. The poor
bodies were mutilated. Oue was
paying with but one finger on his
hand, another had part of his
features gone, and others hopped
along on deformed limbs. Yet
their music was sweet and in time.
The Hawaiians love music and
there are many good singers nmoug
them, most of them being able to
play some instrument. They have
amusements at the colony, and are
kept busy at school farming and
in other trades that help them to
The annexation of the Hawaiian
islands to the United States brought
the govcrment face to lace with
problem of the lepers and their care.
A comission was ordered in 1898,
consisting of physicians from the
marine hospital service to enumerate
the lepers and obtain the facts
about the disease. In 1898, there
were at the leper colony at Molokai
634 male lepers, 439 female lepers,
a total of 1,073 including 141 leper
boys, and 130 girls. Also of non-leprous
children of leper parents, 43
male and 18 female, a total of 61.
The annual expenses of maintaining
the leper colony is estimated at
$80,000. Under the new regu
lations visitors to the island arc not
allowed to embrace the lepers as
formerly, and they must see them
through a double wire fence.
leprosy is said to prevail in Brit
tany and Savoy at the present time.
Russian authorities report the
scourge in their provinces. At
least thirty lepers are known to
exist in Canadian cities, and the
United States marine hospital com
mission has reported having found
900 in this country.
"Leprosy has three distinct
forms," said Dr. Rice," and of
these the tubercular form is the
most to be dreaded as it affects the
skin and changes its texture,
thickening it and causing nodules
to appear on the exposed parts of
the flesh. The mucous membranes
of the nose, eyes, and mouth are
often affected, and loathsome ulcers
appear. The macular form is
characterized by dark red or black
stains, the anaesthetic by a loss of
sensation in the affected part. Some
cases unite all three forms and it is
the most malignant type. In the
macular-anaesthesia type, the chief
changes are in the nerves leading
to a destruction of nerve, fiber and
a consequent paralysis. The period
of the incubation of leprosy is from
three to seven years, the patches
first appearing on the unexposed
parts of the body with ulcers on the
upper part of the nasal passages,
thus rending detection difficult,
until it has made great progress."
The bacillus of leprosy was dis
covered in 1871 in Norway by Dr.
Hansen. Dr. Rice is of the opinon
that leprosy is a combination of
diseases, aud futher light will
eventually show medical men ways
of dealing with it. As exists now,
he considers it a menace to the
world. The fact that its true nature
is realized makes it easier to treat
and reach the real cause. Dr. Rice
had a patient who was a quarter
white, and who was afflicted with
leprosy that paralyzed his arms.
Alter two years' treatment lie was
able to use his fingers Other
physicians have gained like results
which, according to Dr. Rice, shows
a gradual conquest of the disease.
The Berlin law courts have de
cided against the claimant in an
action to recover five cents, the
value of a stamp sent to cover
postage for reply to a letter. The
court held that the stamp was the
legal property of the receiver.
SpoukB Well of (Jhnmborlnlu's Cough
Mr. John Main, Manager for P.
J. Petersen & Company, Bloemfon
teln, So. Africa, makes the follow
ing statement for the benefit of the
public: "Chamberlain's Cotrgh
Remedy has a big sale here and as
we have been handling it for several
yeurs, we can confidently say that
we sell more of it than we do of
any other peparation of that kind
"This medicine is especially recom
mended for coughs, colds, croup
and whooping cough and can be
given to the little ones with abso
lute security. For sale by Hilo
Drug Co. j
Subscribe for the Triiiunb
Island subscription $2.50 a veai.
furnished Uooms for Kent.
Large, nicely furnished rooms opening
on two verandas for rent very reasonable.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE FACT THAT
Is that which has been manufactured for the past fifteen
years exclusively by the
California Fertilizer Works
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Whcu purchasing be s.ure that in addition to the brand
the name of the California Fertilizer Works is on every
sack, otherwise you will not be getting the genuine article.
A large stock of our Diamond A and our
XX HIGH-GRADE FERTILIZER
Is kept constantly on hand and for sale at San Francisco
prices, plus only freight and actual expenses,
By Our Hilo Agents,
L. TURNER CO.
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail SS. Go.
Steamers of the above line runninc in connection with the Cannillnn Tnr!fif .
way Company, B. C, and Sydney. N. S. W.. anil
Suva and Brisbane, Q.; are duo at Honoluluou or about the dates below
From Vancouver and Victoria B. C.
For Brisbane, Q., and Sydney:
MOANA PEH. 10
AORANGI MARCH 10
MIOWERA APRIL 7
The magnificent new service, the "Imperial Limited," in now ninninn daily
BETWEEN VANCOUVER AND MONTREAL, making the run in 100 hours,
without change. The finest railway service iti the world.
Through tickets issued from Honolulu to Canada, United States and Europe
For freight and passage, and all general information, apply to
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