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CULTURE OF MANGOS
A TROPICAL LUXURY.
Department of Agriculture
Promises to Be a Valuable Crop, But Its Area of
Cultivation is Limited
For Its Production.
The Department of Agriculture
wants to teach the American public
to appreciate mangos, and thereby
add another tropical or subtropical
fruit to the American market. This
Is not wholly a new idea. The de
partment has been working at
mango culture for about- fourteen
years and has one of the most com
plete collections of mango plants in
the world. But it is only in the past
year that the industry has really
begun to look up, and it seems as
thnncrh there were a chance of
making it a real commercial
The mango is almost entirely a
tropical fruit, so that there is little
of the United States proper that is
adapted to its culture. But Florida,
below the latitude of Palm Beach,
Porto Rico and Hawaii and the
Philippines are all good spots, and
it is expected that within a few
years the mango industry will be
worth reckoning with.
Since the war with Spain many
people have eaten mangos. Prior
to that it is doubtful whether many
people in the United States had
ever tasted them. Possibly it is
because of this more or less widely
disseminated knowledge that the
mango industry has not thriven as
it should. Yet that is more or less
of a libel on the mango. The fruit
grows wild in Cuba. In fact, if it
had not been for the mango Spain
might have still been in possession
of the islaud, for insurgents were
able to live on mangos wheu there
was nothing else for them to live
on. Probably every one of the
27.000 American soldiers who
poured into Cuba ate mangos. Some
of them never repeated the experi
ment. Yet there is a certain seduc
tive flavor to the fruit that makes
even civilized people eat, it. There
is a spicy, aromatic flavor to it that
is found in no other fruit and
which will make an otherwise re
spectable and well conducted per
son eat it a second or a third time,
even with the certainty that he will
have to turn the hose on himself
NATIVB INDIAN FRUIT.
But this is true only of the com
mon or garden mango. The De
partment of Agriculture has
collected mangos from all over the
world, and Mr. Oliver, who is In
charge of the tropical fruit work
and is himself a mango enthusiast,
says that there are many varieties,
two especially that can be eaten in
polite society. They are the Mul
goba and the Alphonos, and they
are the chief sorts that the depart
ment is trying to implant in the
southern regions of this country.
The best of the mangos come
from India, where they have been
cultivated for hundreds of years,
and the Agricultural Department
has got specimens of all the best
varieties. The common . West
Indian mango is more or less like
u short' length of hemp rope, soak
ed in turpentine and brown sugar.
But the department lias mangos
that have scarcely any of this
woody fiber in them, that will skin
like a plum and that have all and
more than the peculiar seductive
flavor of the West Indian fruit.
Altogether, ' there are sixty-two
varieties in the collection, and these
have come from all quarters of the
tropical world, from India, Africa,
Ceylon and the Malay archipelago.
When they have been brought to
the department they are grafted
onto the stock of hardy seedlings,
and from these cuttings can be
taken in great quantities and
"enarched" upon hardy seedling
stock. There is one tree in the
department green-house that has
furnished almost ioo cuttings, and
the average potted plant will give
from six to eleven "flushes" in a
Working With a New Fruit
Hawaiian Islands Suitable
season, each flush being a poteutia
cutting for euarchiug on a hardy
CIIKAP IN PORTO RICO.
The mango is a little slower than
the orange in coming to bearing
age. About six years is the min
imum. But the trees at that age
are prolific, and probably will prove
very profitable. One of the southern
growers has informed the depart
ment that from eleven trees he
shipped in one season $219 worth
of fruit in the fourth year, and an
other that at six years one of his
trees netted him $66. The fruit of
a very inferior sort has been ship
ped in small quantities to Chicago
and sold for sixty cents a dozen,
but mangos in Washington bring
from $1 a dozen up. A mango
plantation will take about forty
trees to the acre, but the industry
is so new that there are no reliable
figures to show what a plantation
ought to be worth per acre in this
The. native fruit in Porto Rico is
execedinly cheap, in some seasons
fetching from five to twenty cents
a hundred. But even at that figure,
with the inferior native fruit, the
department has collected statistics
to show that for preserving and can
ning the cheap native fruit has its
profitable uses. In fact, the depart
ment has collected a number of re
ceipts for mango marmalade, mango
jelly and mango chutney that sound
exceedingly well and indicate
that the preserves made at a very
small iutial cost in Porto Rico ought
to find a good market in this
Take it altogether, the mango is
a promising tropical fruit, if one
only selects the right varieties for
cultivation, and the Agricultural
Department by a long course of
experiments has succeeded in se
lecting the best varieties in the world
for use in the United States.
RECOltU OF KAINFALL AT HIM).
Uorortntr Fifteen Years I'repnroil
by Wulaken Mill Co.
The following statement of the
amount of precipitation during the
past fifteen years, prepared by the
Waiakca Mill Co. from records
kept at the plantation, is of interest
and has scientific value, the gov
ernment having no weather bureau
at this point. It is a noteworthy
fact that March was the dryest, as
well as wettest, month,during four
teen years covered by the observa
March 10.10 inches
April 10.68 "
May 5.07 "
June ; 5.71 "
July 9-75 "
August 12.34 "
September '. 14.92 "
October 25.27 "
November .. 10.46 "
December 25.42 "
March -. 10.89
January )... 1.71
May , 10.73'
hits ttMBUNrf, kiid,
June . .:..'. 8.00 '
July 7.17 "
August 6.03 "
September 5.20 ''
October 8.53 "
November 14-37 "
December ,..-. 6.13 "
May ' 1.87
November , 13.26
January 3.22 inches
February a. 10 '
March 6.23 '"
April 28.42 "
May 8.65 "
June 6.08 "
July 7.38 "
August ' 14.71 "
September 19-67 "
October 9.38 "
November 12.70 '
December 12.51 "
January 3.02 inches
February 12.00 "
March 13-42 "
April 18.05 "
June,...'. 7.67 ,'
July 6.84 '"
August 19-63 "
September 10.83 ; "
October 7.05 "
November 2.68 "
December 5.34 "
January 3.59 inches
February 11.20 "
January 4.78 inches
February 8.80 ' "
March 22,80 "
April 16.51 "
May I9;6r "
June 7.70 "
July - 5142 "
August 15.31. "
September 6.38 "
October 22.04 "
November 4.58 '
December 83 "
January..'. 2.72 inches
February 6.14 "
March '. 5.88
April 5.47 "
May 16.41 "
June 3.78 "
July 8.73 "
August 14.87 "
September 6.92 "
October 19.37 "
November 5-44 "
December 5.65 "
'- 1 1 1.38 inches
YEAR i 90 1.
January. 9.53; inches
Hawaii, 'rm&iAV, January
March 26188 "
April 12.85 "
May 3.53 "
June 3-45 "
July 4.76 "
August 6.86 "
September 4.69 "
October 12.10 "
November 36.09 '"
December 12.79 "
January 2.63 inches
February 3.56 "
March 55.16 "
April...; 9.48 "
May 13.35 "
June 3.09 "
July 12.82 "
August 18.39 "
September 10.18 "
October '2.37 '
November 10.36 "
December 15.40 "
January 3.99 inches
February 9.18 "
March 3.55 "
April.., 17.69 "
May 6.74 "
June 4.90 "
July , 20.13 "
August 7.32 "
September ...... 13.46 "
October 12.37 "
November 14.06 "
December 6.10 "
January 22.87 inches
February 11. 17 ' "
March 90 "
April 22.88 "
May 7.80 "
June 8.73 "
July 11. 42 "
August , 14.73 "
September 8.49 "
October 3.88 "
November 5.19 "
December 4.50 "
January 78 inches
February 5.93 "
March 6.04 "
April ." 5.69 "
May 6.89 "
June 7.80 "
July 8.31 "
August 1 11.53 "
September 19.06 "
October 10.08 "
November 26.03 "
December 13-49 "
14 years and 9 months: average
10.85 inches per month; average
130 20-100 inches per year.
The dryest month in 14 years
was March (1904) 90-100.
The wettest month in 14 years
was March (1902) 55 16-100.
UllANUKS IN THE TAX LAW.
Summary of Now Features State
inout of Taxes Collected. .
The new tax law that went into
effect on the first of January con-.
tains some important changes from
the former law. Assessor Willfong
has summarized the features of the
new law at the request of the
Tribunk, for publication, which
are as follows:
Property and income tax returns
are to be made as of January 1, and
filed at the tax office during the
month of January.
The personal tax (consisting of
$1, poll; $2, road, and $2, school)
is due and payable from and after
January 1; delinquent after March
Other specific taxes, including
dogs, carts, bicycles, carriages,
automobiles, and other vehicles,
are due aud payable from and after
January 31; delinquent after
One-half of the property and in
come tax, under the new law,
becomes delinquent May 15; the
remaining half becomes delinquent
The tax for road purposes,
known as the Road Tax. consists
of? the two dollars levied as part1 of
the personal; tax and the amounti
collectible on vehicles, including
bicycles and automobiles,
The new law specifies, in relation
to basis of value for Taxation, Sec.
1216: "That the combined prop
erty of every corporation holding a
public utility franchise and occupy
ing the public streets or highways
of the Territory, other than any
such corporatiou that by the terms
of its franchise is required to pay a
percentage of its gross income to
the Territory, shall be valued and
assessed at not less than the total
amount of the par value of the
capital issues emitted by such
STATEMENT OP TAXES COLLECTED.
The total amount of taxes col
lected by the assessor for the half
year, between July 1, 1905, aud
December 31, 1905, inclusive, is
$289,037.11. Under the County
Act, all of the taxes, excepting the
road tax, due prior to July 1, 1905,
belong to the Territory. Of these
there was collected ,$5848. 15.
Of the amount collected between
the latter date and January 1,
1906, excepting the $2 road tax,
one-half belongs to the County aud
one-half goes to the Territory. The
amount collected during this period
was $277,006.96 or $138,503.48
each for County aud Territory.
The amounts of road taxes col
lected between July 1, 1905, and
December 31, 1905, inclusive, were
North Hilo, District ;....$ 326
The auditor has placed these
amounts to the credit of the re
spective" districts, at the office of
the territorial treasurer, subject to
the order of the district supervisors.
The territorial auditor has for
warded to the county auditor by
warrants $78,503.48, the amount
from all sources due this county
less $60,000, which by a special
act of the legislature, was retaiued,
having been previously used, prin
cipally as this county's estimated
proportion of indebtedness on out
A Habit To He Encouraged.
The mother who has acquired
the habit of keeping on hand a
bottle of Chamberlain's Cough Re
medy, saves herself a great amount
of uneasiness and anxiety. Coughs,
colds and croup, to which children
are susceptible are quickly cured by
its use. It counteracts any tenden
cy of a cold to result in pneumonia,
and when given as soon as the
first symptoms of croup appear, it
will preveut the attack. This re
medy contains nothing injurious
and mothers can give it to little
ones with a feeling of perfect secu
rity. Sold by Hilo Drug Co
' i ILlJPBWIBg'PH'WWHWWW
While the Agents of many
Life Insurance Companies are
petitioning th'eir Officers for the
ANNUAL DIVIDEND policy,
it is a source of great satisfaction
to the Policyholders of the
Pacific Mutual to know that,
their Company has been issuing
almost nothing else for years.
No petitioning necessary for
liberality with the good old
The Directors of the Company
are by the California law made
jointly and severally liable for
all mouies EMBEZZLED' or
MISAPPROPRIATED by the
officers during the term of office
of such Director. Quite a pro
vision from the SECURITY
what has recently occurred.
The best policies are issued by
the best Compauy on Eurth for
THE PACIFIC MUTUAL LIFE
INS. GO. OF GALA.
CLINTON J. HUTCHINS,
02O Fort Stroet.
mm hi 1 1 iluuiimMmmmmmmi '.JBc'i
, fQBg' 1
Many people, aftor a long spell
of oppressivo boat, sufforfrom
lassitude, loss of spirits, and a
gonoral "run down" feeling.
Tlioy need a courso
of Ayor's Sawapa
rllla, a tnodloiuo
which Las rovlvod
and rostorod to act
ive llfo and health
thousands ot such
MUfurors. A lady
who rocontly ro
turnod to Eu aland
from South Africa writes concerning
this "wonderful vieillctne"'.
"Whllo In Capa Town tho past sum
mer I sufforod greatly from the long
continued heat I was completely
worn out) my blood soomed to bo
como as thin as water, and I lost all
enorgy and interest In life. My friends
and a courso of this wondorful modi
cine rostorod my hoalth and spirits.
My husband suffered in the satno way
as. I did, and ho ftlso was groatly bono
flted from tho use ot Ayer's Sarsa
parilla." Thero are many imitation
Be sure you get "AYER'S."
atiu's pu,i, th.b.trmiiriiiT.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPAftYj
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Ro'ute to Volcano
Iu effect July 1, 1905.
Passenger Trains, Bxctpt Sunday.
lv Hilo ar
lv Hilo ar
Ar.... Waiakca ...ar
The trains of this Company between
Hilo and Puna will be run as follows:
Leave Hilo Station, by way of Rail
road Wharf, for Olaa and Puna, upon the
arrival of the Steamship Kiuau, running
through to Puna and stopping at Paboh
lv Hilo ar
ar.R. R. Wharf.ar
ar..... Pahoa ar
ar Puna lv
lv lino ar
Excursion tickets between all points
are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, cood for twenty
five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
D. E. METZGER,
Call at Tribune Office
ALL KIND3 OP
COODYEAR RUBBER CO.
R. II. PEASE, President.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cfih., U. S, A,.
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