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The Sunday globe. (Washington, D.C.) 1901-1901, May 12, 1901, Image 3

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THE SUNDAY GLOBE WASHINGTON D 0 MAY 12 121901 1901 1901F 8
F
THE THE TRUE TR TR1J TR1JOf E STORY STORYOf STORY STORYOf
Of the Escape of Gen John Morgan Morganfrom Morganfrom Morganfrom
from the Ohio Penitentiary PenitentiaryCONFESSION PenitentiaryCONFESSION PenttentiaryCONFESSION
CONFESSION OF SAM MILLER MILLERThe MillERhe MILLER1The
The he Convict Convktwho who Aided In the Escape Made to tothe to1he totho
the Editor Editor of The GlobeSnd for the theFirst theFirst theFirst
First Time Made Public PublicThe PublloThe PuIIoFhc
The raid of General Gener < 1 John Morgan orgal and andhis andbls andhis
his army through southern Ohio Ohio1 and an the thesubsequent theI thesutiequenI
1 subsequent capture of the famous band bandnni lJnd lJndnnl bandnfl
nfl their Imprisonment Imprionment In 11 the Ohio pent penitentiary penlI penttenttary ¬
I tentiary tentary has made ma o the most remarkable remarkablepages remtrkabeperhaPs markable markableIlsgep
pages perhaps In II our Civil Cvl War History HistoryGeneral matoryj lltstoryGeneral
j General Morgan organ anJ allsix six of hs most fav favored fdv fdvJ fvored ¬
ored captains cptalns escaped cc < pcd from the prison prisonsorno prson prsonSOI
J 4 sorno SOI time tme during durng the night nlsht of Novem November November November ¬
ber 27 1863 To o say that everything was wasconfusion wasconfusion wasconfusion
confusion and excitement exciement when on the themorning tbQmoring thesitorning
morning moring of November 28th the startling startlingdiscovery stnrtng stnrtngdiscovery startlingdtseovcry
discovery was made that the noted gen genoral gel gelcmllld
t oral cmllld had made ma e good goo his escape with six sisof sixI sixof
I of Ms confederates is not putting lJttng It Ithalf ItbM ithalf
half strong enough enoughMow olougb olougbHOlv enoughHOW
discOvered dlsc6vercdthrough discOveredthrough discoveredthrough
Mow the nlr passage was
through which Morgan and ald his men meninndu menmndl menmnd
inndu mndl mnd their th ir escape has always been a amysicry amystery
mystery to everybody everyboly Who told tol them themhow themhow themhow
how the cell cel block was constructed I IFor Iur 1Fur
For ur the first frst time tme time In the history of this thiscelebrated thisi
f i celebrated escape the real facts have come cometo comeII comel
II l to light lght and the tle true solution soluton has llu been beenarrived beenIi beenarrived
Ii arrived arrved ut B D Miller Mier a boy convict convictis
is the Individual Individua who furnished furl bcd the Con Confederate COi ionfederate ¬
federate fedcrte officers ofcers the case knives with withwhich wih wihwh withwhich
which wh h they theyrernoved removed the cement cemelt from the thefloors theoors thecoors
floors oors of their cells cels thus admitting a mltng them themto themto themto
to the air chamber or 0 tunnel running un under Ul uader ¬
der the cells cels to the female stockade stockde of the thereal thegrent thegreat
great real prison Miller Mier who is I now 10W a I bro broen broken broken
ken en down prson old 01 man mln furnishes the confes confession COfs COfssian ccmfsslon ¬
sion in this article artcle all 11 danger or fear on onhis onhis onhis
his part of being punished for his assist assistance Issllt Isslltance assistance ¬
ance to General General1organthirty Morgnnthlrtyclght borgnnthlrtelght eight years yearsago vents ventsago
ago having passed The following folowlg letter letterIn letterin leter leterIn
t In response to Inquiries In inpIrics Ilrles by the writer writercorroborates wrier writercorroborates
1 corroborates Miller lle s story stolyand and leaves no nofurther noI nofurther
I further room for doubt or speculation speculaton as asto nsto asto
to frther the manner in 11 which the Confederate Confederategeneral Confederategenerland Confederategeneral
general generland and companions escaped from the theprison theprison theprison
prison
SniiNOKiELU SlJNOFILl 0 May ay 0 1001 1001Dear 1001Dear 1001Dear
Dear Sir Sirs In 11 reply to your your our letter leter of in inquiry Il ini ¬
i quiry ulry enclosing encosing confession confession of tfumuel lumel D DMiller Dller Dlion
Miller ller a 0 former prisoner In the Institu Institution Instu Instuton institureason ¬
lion I desire to state that I have every everyreason everyreason every31111cr
ton reason to believe In 11 Us Is absolute correct correctness corect corectness correctSness ¬
ness
nessThe The air chamber chnm er tunnel was explored exploredunder explorel exploredunder
under my orders and uld supervision superision and andthe an anthe andthe
the case knives furnished the Rebel offi officers 01 oftico ¬
cers co were found covered covere with wih rust and andthe andthe andthe
the handles rolled roled off of The exploration cxplorallonwas explomton explomtonwas
was made ma e for purposes other than the theauthentication tbeluthentcton theauthentication
authentication luthentcton of Millers llers statement statementwhich statementI statementwhich
I which was not known at that time timeVery tme tmeVery timeVery
Very Very truly
yours yoursE yoursE yoursL
E G L COFFIN ExWarden ExWardenWhen ExWardenWhen Ex Warden WardenWhen
When Governor Goveror David Dlvld Tod wrote the theletter theleler theletter
letter leler of ff inquiry asking a full ful Investiga Investigation Ilvestga IlvestgatOl Investigation ¬
tion tOl of the occurrence he little ltle thought thoughtthat thoughtthat thoughtthat
that a prisoner a mere boy oy at It that time timehad tme tmehad timebad
had given glv n the Confederate officers ofccrB just justwhat justwhat justwhat
what they wished wlshel above a ove nil 11 things the thevery thevery thevery
very key to their thei unpleasant situation situationNeither siuaton siuatonNeiher situationNeither
Neither Neiher had ha Governor Tod the faintest faintestIdia faintestId faintestida
ida Id a of how the piisouers 11 Isone1 had hld received receivedthe receivedthe receivedi receivedthe
the valued vllued Information Informaton when he wrote wrotethis wrotethis wrotethis
i this letter leter to Warden Merion 1erlon after afer a asearching ascarchlng asearching
searching and thorough tlrougb Investigation Ilvestgaton had hadbeen Ild Ildbecn hadbeen
been made by y two State officers olcers and an the thepenitentiary tbepenientary thepenitentiary
penitentiary penientary officials officialsHero olelals olelalsHero officialshero
Hero Is a copy cop of the Governors auto autograph nutograph autograph ¬
graph letter which has never been pub published pubIshed published ¬
lished Ished before beforeoovEnNBiis beforeOOVRRNl1S beforeaovnBNEfls
oovEnNBiis OOVRRNl1S TODS LETTER LETTEIISTATE LETTEl LETTERSTATE
STATE OF OHIO OHIOEXECUTIVE 010 010EXEOUTVE OnoEXECUTIVE
EXECUTIVE EXEOUTVE DKPAUTMEUT DKPAUTMEUTCOLUMBUS DE1AUTJlnT DE1AUTJlnTCOLUNDUS DE1AsT1EnvCoLUMBUS
COLUMBUS Dec 11 1 1803 1803N 1803N 1803N
N MEUIOK 10N ESQ ESQWarden ESQWarden ESQWarden
Warden of Penitentiary PenitentiaryDear Penlentar PenlentarDear PenitentiaryDear
Dear Sir SIr Deeply chagrined and niortl niortlfled mort mortifled
fled fed as I was to hear of the escape esepe of ofJohn 01Jobn ofJohn
John Morgan 1organ and six other Confederate Confederatereport Confederateprisoners
prlsoler prisoners I am glad to know from fronitlie fronitliereport tbe tbeI
report of Messrs JesSs Wright and Hodman Hodmanjust Hofmnn Hofmnnjust lioflmanjust
I just handed to me that that there is not the theslightest thesUghtest theslightest
slightest evidence to be found of fraud fraudor fraudor
or corruption corrnpton on the part of any of the theofficers theolcer theofficers
officers olcer either civil civi or military mitary military con concerned concerne concerned ¬
cerned cerne in 11 their custody nor on 01 the the part partof partof nrt nrtof
of any individual or citizen clizen without or orwithin orwithin
I within wihin the prison but that thatlhe the sole sllo rca rcnson rmson rcason
son for their escape Is to be e found In the themisunderstanding themlsulderstandlng themisunderstanding
misunderstanding mlsulderstandlng between otwecn General Ma Maresponsible Mason In Inson
son and yourself as to which of yon yonsbould youshould
should aler alter the 3d of November be beresponsible e eresponsl
responsl responsible le for and have the care of the theinspection theInspectIon theinspection
inspection of the prison prion cells cola To avoid avoiddanger avoiddanger
danger ot a like lke occurrence I have now nowto nowto nowto
to request that you take upon yourself yourselftho yourselfthe ourelf ourelfthe
the entire entre charge chargeand and responsibility responsibity of oUhe oUhesafe the thesafe thesafe
safe keeping of the prisoners prsoners nrisoncrs That you youand youand youand
and you > ou mono nlone select and employ all allguards allguarus
guards guarus and other assistants which you youmay youma youniav
may ma niav deem necessary necessary for a faithful faihfl and andat andvIgilant andviiiant
vIgilant viiiant discharge of othls this duty dutyou
You ou are at liberty lberty to make requisition requisitionupon requisiton requisitonupon requisitionupon
upon mo for or everything everythlnl necessary necesary to en enable ena enable ¬
able a le you to comply with wih this request and andIt andIt andit
It It ahnll shal shall hn be nrnmntltr prompty promptly Curnlshcl furnished fnrnlalin1 you ri < I Ihave Ihave T Thave
have furnished Colonel Wallace Walace the now nowcommander newcommander nowcommander
commander of this post with wih a cony cOyof cOyofthis of ofthis ofthis
this letter leter of Instructions Instructons and ordered ordcred
him to conform his action acton thereto theretoRespectfully theretoUespectfly theretoRespecifliliy
Respectfully Uespectfly yours yoursDAYn voursDAVID ours oursDAVI
DAVID DAVI TaD Governor GovernorKillers Governorlers GovernorMillers
Killers lers confession Inj In inhis his own word Is Issubstantially Issubstantaly issubstantially
substantially substantaly as follows followsHILLEMS Colows ColowsULLEUS followsMILLERS
MILLERS STATEMENT STATEMENTFor STATEMENTFor STATEaSENTFor
For the first frst time tme In 11 thirtyeight thirtyeightI thlrtyefgtyears thiirtyelg1tyears
years except to the members oC my own ownfamily
taml family who have wel well kept the secret
I will wl wilt now tell tel the true story of th thcape the es escape escape
cape of General GenerllJohn John Morgan from frol the
Ohio penitentiary penltentnry anti aUlmy my part therein
I want wlnt It distinctly distncty understood undertood that I Ithen Ithen Ithen
then did dl not know kDw or realize realze what whlt I w was s
doing when I gave them the only tools toolsthey toolsthey toolsthey
they had hld to make nll110 their escape with wih I Iwas Iwas Iwas
was then only a boy and what I did was
in a spirit spiri of adventure and for the pur purpose purpose purpose ¬
pose of breaking brelklng the terrible terrb e monotony monotolY
of prison prson life lo as it was wn then thel It I was not
becnnse I favored the bouth for foridift I did not
but butslmphy simply because they were as lS I was wasprisoners wasprisoners usprisoners
prisoners in 11 the Ohio penitentiary penitentary
General John II I Morgan and Ind over oversixty oversixty oversixty
sixty of his officers olcer have forgotten forgoten the thoexact tbeexct theexact
exact exct number numberlrrlved numberarrived arrived here as prisoners prisonersof prlsolcra prlsolcraof
of war on the 80th day of July Jul 1803
They They were locked In 11 the second and
third ranges on the south side of cast
hal hall Tn The T Toy ° y Su Shop ° P Coxpany was
locked In 11 tho first frst range now called clled first fr
B I was employed In the toy shop and andmy e1d e1dmy andmy
my work was to paint birds blrls and an flowers flowerson fowers fowerson flowerson
on baby carriages crrlages A M b Denlg and Dr
Ide were the contractors cntrctor
The prison prson officers olcer and Ind guards gUlrds had hadcharge hadehnrge hadcharge
charge of them for a month mOllh or two when hen
thoywere turned over to Iho care cre of sol soluesmes
Ilers dicta who aforwlrds afterwards guaded guarded them
uesmes leslaes hieskies the sentries sOltrles who guarded the theoutside theeutsldc theoutside
outside of tho stockado that enclosed
them they they put a soldier in tat each elch enclole guard
houso with wih with the wall wal guard guardAt g at atd atdAt
At first frt Morgan orian and his 18 men mel were al ¬
lowed a great many privileges prllege Inside Insidetheir llahlo llahlotheir iniidOtheir
their stockade stokade They were out of oCh their theirI lr
I
cells cels all al day and Ild s d were nut nt locked up upuntil upunt upuntil
until unt we were in 11 lathe the evening But when whentho whentbe whenthe
the soldiers took them In lnchargethoniost lnchargethoniostof charge the most mostof mostof
of their privileges prvloges were taken tallel away awayTho owoy owoyThe awayThe
The Warden War en Captain Marion Meron and the thocommanding tie tiecommanding thecommanding
commanding officer olcer receiving Instructions Instructionsfrom Instructols Instructolsfrom instructionsfrom
from General Burnsldes to allow alow no one oneto oneto oneto
to visit vfsl them to allow alow no clothing what whatever whatever whatover ¬
ever except needed underclothing No Nonewspapers Nolewspnpers Nonewspapers
newspapers lewspnpers were wer allowed I10we and all their theirletters theirletters theirletters
letters wore to be examined examinedThey examinedThoy examInedThey
They were very anxious olxlous to obtain obtall news newsof newsot
of the war very and did everything they theycould theycould theycould
could to obtain obtall news But they were wereclosely wereclosely wereclosely
closely watched wached1 and al there was only one oneway oneway oneway
way In which they tuey tfiey could couldbl by running a agreat 1 agreat
great risk talk to the State prisoners on ontho onthe onthe
the north side of the block blockWhen blockWhen lock lockWhen
When this cell cel block was built bult nut the nr architects nrchtects nrchtecta ¬
chitects Intended to improve the ventila ventilation velta veltaton ventilation ¬
tion ton in 11 the tie cells cels by having an air cham chamber chamber chainber ¬
ber running under the he lower cells cels the thelength thelength thelength
length of the block from this air cham chamber chlm chlmber chamher ¬
ber there was a hole running up to the thetop thetop thetop
top of the block This chamber ran ri up upto upto upto
to the Point where the corners corer of f four fourcells fourcels fourcells
cells cels met two cells cels on the south and two twoon twoon twoon
on the north side slle From Fromlhlscenter thlsccnter hole holethoro holethero holethere
there was an opening opellug to each cell cel This Thishole Thshole Thishole
hole was made small smal enough enougl to prevent preventan prevelt preveltan
an ordinary sized hand from from entering it itThrough ItThrough itThrough
Through this holo tho prisoners could couldtalk cOlld cOlldtllk couldtalk
talk tllk to each other but it had hn to be done doneIn donein Ole OleIn
In a 0 whisper for it was certain atd se severe scvere seveto ¬
vere punishment to be caught at It ItI ItI itI
I was here a prisoner prsoler when whcl this cell cellblock cel cellblock
block was wal built buit and saw sa just how 10w these theseholes theseholes theseholes
holes were arranged orrnged and ali I concluded concludedthat concludedUllt concludedthat
that Ullt If I could coul get my hand up to the thefirst thoflst thefirst
first turn I could get a wire over to the theopposite theopposie theopposite
opposite flst side I was but a boy and had hada hada
a opposie 0 very small sm1 hand haldlnd and by a little ltle turning turningand turningonl turningand
and twisting twistng I succeeded and after afer fish fishi lsh lshIng fish fishlog
onl > i i i ileading
log arouUl arountl my wIre entered the hole holeleadIng boleleading
leading to Capt D E Roberts cell celNo celNoO No
9 He le drew the wire over and to this thiswas thswas thiswas
was attached a thread thrcal which we left lef In Intho Inthe inthe
the hole lole I then prepared a bag or sack eackfrom sackfrtm sackfrm
from frtm oilcloth oicoth about obout six inches long and andIn andIn andin
In an elleptlo elepte shape the ends being gaUl gathered gaUlered gatliered ¬
ered together and wound so as to make maketho makethe makethe
the ends come cre to a point each end bay having bov bovIng baying ¬
ing n 0 wire rlngfastened rng ring fastened In it to hook n nstrong 0 aStrong
strong cord The white whl e thread that was wasleft wasleft washeft
left in fl the thehohe hole all al the thietlmo time tmo was broken ofl oflhigh eUblgh ofihigh
high enough to prevent prevelt preventit It I being beingsecn seen and andto aid aidto andto
to each end was attached atached the bobbin of a asewing asewing
sewing machine When either of us usould uswished uswished
wished to cl call the altentol attention ot the otherl otherlwo other otherwe
wo woul would ould pull pul the thread gently genty up and anddown anu anudown and anddown
down ana ald and the noise the bobbin made madenotified madenotfed madenotified
notified notfed us that there was WIS a 0 message I Ialways Ialways Ialways
always kept the sack In 11 my possession 1OisCaslonfor possessionfor p05esslol
for fear IClr It it might be e found if 11 left lef with withCaptain wih wihClptaln withCaptain
Captain Clptaln Roberts no erts as they Ihe were searched searchedquite searchedquite searchedquite
quite often oftenWo ofen ofenWe oftenWe
We corresponded every night and ol 1 1received 1recelvell 1received
received notes and nld letters leters from Colonel ColonelBasil Colonelasl ColonelBasil
Basil asl Duke General Generl Morgan Captain CaptainPerkins CnplalnPerkins CaptainPerkins
Perkins lilacs Unes Taylor TI ylor Colonel Dick DickMorgan DcklIorgan DickMorgan
Morgan lIorgan Morgan Major Bulllt Bull and anl several others otherpand otherI othersand
and andl 1 I wasaisured was aBsured by them that thatthero there was wasnot wasnot wasnot
not another man mal on our side correspond corresponding correspondIng correspondlug ¬
ing with them in this way for none nonecould nonecould nonecould
could get their hacd haclinto Into the hole 101e They Theywere TbeywerQ The3were
were very anxious to get newspapers newspapersand newspapersand newspapersand
and gave me the money to get them I Inight Igot Igot
got them through the draymnn for Do Donight Donight
night Idos contract contrct by paying him himwell himwel himwell
well wel But it was the next thing to death deathto deathto deathto
to have even eve a piece of newspaper found foundon fould fouldon foundon
on us those times timesOne timesOne
tmes tmesOne
One evening I received a note by by tel telegraph telegrph telegrapli ¬
egraph egrph as we named our way WiY of 0 cor corplan correspoudlng corresponding
responding from Colonel Bnsl Basil Duke In Inwhich inwhIch
which he asked mo If I culd could draw a aplan aplan
plan of the tie prison and Uld in particular of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the cell block lock we ve occupied ocupIed lie le asked me meabout menbout meabout
about the air holes llles In our cells cels and andwhere al andwhere
where they started from if under the thocells thecels thecelia
cells cels or Just from the tle lower range rnge up I Idrew Idrew Idrew
drew a 0 sketch of the prison Ilrlsol yard as It Itthen Itthen itthen
then was and nld also alo explained exp alned to him all allabout al allabout
about the air chambers under tho colt collblock coltblock
block telling telng him 11m I was hero when they theywore theywero theywore
wore dug and saw Just how they were werearranged werearmnged worearranged
arranged I sent this and a note the next nextnight nextnlghl nextnight
night and In a few days received recelvd a note noteof noteof noteof
of thanks from him himCaptain hll himCeptain
Captain Clptaln Roberts wrote me one evening eveningthat eveningthat eveningthat
that his bl companions as well ns himself himselfwould himselfwould himselfwould
would like 1te to see what kind of a looking 100kllg
boy I wtis and andasked asked if I could manage manageto
to get where they could get a look at me moNo meNo meNo
No prisoner prlsoler was allowed alowed to go on that thatside tbatside thatside
side of the block All the prisoners who whooccupied wbooccupIed whooccupied
occupied the cells cels above them were put putInto putInto putinto
Into other cells cels But I thought of ofapian ofapianMorgan apian apianMorgan a plnn plnnIorgan
Morgan und Cnd his officers olcers would go to the thedining thedining thedining
dining room for their meals immediately immediatelyafter Immcdlatelyafer immediatelyafter
after afer the prisoners had all allef left It On ac account accOlnt account ¬
count cOlnt of my being beln only n boy and the theyoungest theoungest theyoungest
youngest oungest prisoner in 11 here I was allowed alloweda alowed aloweda
a great grelt many privileges privieges So I wrote him himthat himthnt himthat
that next day while whie they were eating eutug din dinner dinner dinner ¬
ner I would come to the dining room roomwith roomnnd roomand
and would have a paddle painted red redwih iedwith
with wih the word pass pddle on it and a bottle bottleas botllcas bottleas
as I would make the excuse that I wanted wantedsome wantedsome wantedsome
some vinegar vID gnr I did IId so and that 111 night nightrccelvedn I Ireceived Ireceived
received n note stating that the men mel were wereall werenl wereall
all ancc nl favorably f vombl Impressed with vlh my appear appearancc appearnnce appearance
anccAbout
About the 1st of November my mother mothercame molhercnme mothercame
came to visit mo le and I of course told toldmy toldmy toldmy
my friends on tho outside of It Iland and tent tentthe scntover sentover
over whlt what I could to Captain hoberl oberts of ofthe ofthe
the good things sho brought me moThey meThey meThey
They asked me If I I could slip slp some let letters letters lettots ¬
ters to her and nndl If she would woul mall mal them themMy IhemMy themMy
My mother was WIS going to be there for forthree forthree forthree
three or four days and they allowed alowed tao ineto meto taoto
to see her every day during that tblt time tme so I Itold Itold Itold
told him to have letteis lelelS ready the next day dayas da dans layas
as 1 know knw mother would wo11 mall mal them If I I Iasked Inslled Iasked
asked her I intended to tell her they theywero theywere theywere
were letters leters written writen by State prisoners prisonersto
to their friends and she would be more moreapt moreapt moreapt
apt to do so from the fact ct that we wcre wereonly wcreonly wcreonly
only allowed nl0wed to write wrie once every three threemonths threemonlhs threemonths
months and Ind then thel only six lines lnes besides besidestho besidesthe besidesthe
the address addressTho address1he addressThe
The next night nlglt I received over our ourtelegraph ourtelegralJh
4 telegraph route three packages packagestwentyone packagestwentyone packagestwontyone
twentyone letters In all ali addressed nl ressed to topeople topeople topeople
people in Tennessee und nnl Virginia V Virginia Iglnla I can canonly cln clnonly canonly
only remember one address which was wasto wasto wasto
to Miss Misi Emma Oats 0 < t8 Montlcello Jontcelo Wayne
County Va VaThese VaThese VaThese
These letters lelers I did ld up In as small s1nl a apackage apackago apackage
package as os possible and when mother mothercame molherclme mothercame
came clme that afternoon nCernoon I slipped slpped them into Ilto
her muff mul as 18 I sat Stt by her side In the thoguard Ihegunrd theguard
guard room For or In those days the tbeguard theguard
guard room had no bars to separate separto us
from our friends I told tol mother motler to mall mallpart malipart
part of them in Crestline Orcstnc part In Mans Mansfield 1IIS 1IISIiold MansfIeld lal ¬
field and nnl the thereatin rest restln in Wooster In Inn a 0 week weekor weekor weekor
or so after afer 1 received word through Cap
fain mil Roberts that every letter leter safely
reached reneled Its Is place of destination destinationShortly destnaton destinationShortly
Shortly after afer this lila they asked If I could couldprocure couldirocuro
procure some knives for them such ns nswe n aswe
j
we used at the table only sharpened shnrpenel to a aa aa I II
I a I point They explained explnlner that before beforethey I II I Ithey
I they loft lef the table tlble every knife and fork forkwas forkI forkwas
I
I was taken up to prevent any an of them themsecreting tbemI tbemsecretng themsecreting
secreting secretng one and nnl taking It to their cells cels I IThere IThero
There was no such rules with wlb us and andevery andevery j i
every day I carried one or two to the theshop thoIhop theshop
shop and being alone In my room where wberoornmentel
I ornamented ornmentel the bodies of baby baby carriages clrrlagos >
I would knock tho handle oft of and drive drlv drlvtue I Ithe
the shank of the knife knJe In the edge e ge of my i iwork Iwork
work table tnbl die fle It I to a point Jolnl then put the I i
handle hanlle on and pass It over at night I Isent 1sent Isent
sent over fourteen in this thll manner and al1110 no
doubt would woul have kept on until unt all n1 of ofthem ofthem I Ithe1
them the1 would have been supplied supple with wih a
knife knie but the men who had them In Incharge Incharge Iacharge
charge maths nmdl nn unexpected search ono onoay
day < ay and Major Iajor Bulllt BuUt was WIS sounfortunato sounfortunatoas
as to have one found on Lira llm This hap
pencd near nea dinner time tme and after dinner dinnertho dlnler dlnlerthe dinnerthe
the ofllcers turned
omcer everything everythng upside upsideIown
down Iown In the cells cels and thoroughly search searched scnrchel searched ¬
ed el their persons in their tlclr endeavor to Had Hadmore tindmore ld ldmore
more knives kn rersons vcs But they found none for forwhat forwhat forwhat
what knives could coul not be secreted In 11 a asafe asafo asafe
safe place they took with them when
they tho went to dinner dInnlr and dropped drpped them
In fl the sawdust Illwdust on the diningroom floor foor
Major llajor Bullltt ultwas was placed in i the dun dUl dunV ¬
I
V
geon to nuke wIke him tell whore w ere ho got the theknife th thklle theknife
I knife klle Those were anxious days for us usall UIal u uall
all and In particular for mo but I was wasassured wasI wasassured
I assured al a8ure In by partcular the men that Major Bullltt Bulllttwould Bult Bulhitiwould
I would never tell tel They kept him In the thohole thehole thehole
hole lor forty ftrty days and Ind then earned earnedho caried carriedhim I
I him to the hospital to save his lfo life But Butho Butbe
ho never told or hinted hllted as os to how he hecame hacame I Icame i
came by tho knife I think tho Major Majorwas lIljor lIljorwos Majorwas
was wos in 11 tho hole when Morgan escaped escapedto csclpel
A few days aferWlrdl afterwards they alkel asked me meto mato I II
to send over two or three knives just justthey nIl nIlthey as asthey i
they wore but to get the longest ones I Icould Icould Icould
could I did dil so and these were the tools toolsthey toolsthoy toolsthey
they used use to dig their tunnel But ut I Ikuew Iknew Iknew
knew nothing about their plans as I did didnot didnot didnot
not ask osk but when on the morning moring of ofNovember ofNovember ofNovember28th
November November28th 28th 1803 180 I heard of the es escape eacape Cscape ¬
cape I understood for what purpose tho thoknives thokllves theknives
knives kllves wero used usedThat uled usedThat
That evening I got a message meengo from fromCaptain fromClptall froinCaptain I
Captain Clptall Roberts who told me of the fuss fussthey fussthey fussthey
they had when It was WIS discovered Ilscovercl in the themorning themorning themorning
morning that Genaral Genarll Morgan 1orgll and six of ofhis ofhis
his men bad escaped Bald ho in 11 his hisnote hisnote hisnote I
note Motion oscael the vigilant vigiant came rush rushing rusbIng rushing ¬
ing down to their quarters and ond ran rn to cell cel cella
35 a on the second rouge rnge revolver rcvolvcrln In 11 hand handand handaud handand
and looking in saw Colonel Dick Dck Morgan Morganand Morgnnald Morganand
and ald thinking It was WI the general generl went wentI wcntAck wentback
I back Ack saying 11 I dont give a 0 drain drI If Iftlmv I iftherall I
tlmv theX therall al nil tinil ha had got irnf ntvnv away an so Morgal Idorgan Mnrtmn Is lf lef left leftlhcn > ft ftThen
Then hen we commenced cOlmenced to sing such suchsongsas slch suchsongsas I
songsas Lock YourStable Door Morgan Slorganis Morgal
is Around Arould and Ind Look LookOut Out Morgan Is I I IComing
Coming for we saw sa w that ho had not yet yetif yetdiscovered et
discovered the change made by Generl Generland General Generaland I
and Colonel Dck Dick if But they soon found foundgone foundout foundout
out the fact that General Morgan was I
gone Then our feathers went up and andtheirs anl andtheirs
theirs went down We have havebeen been beel10ckel1 locked lockedup lockedup
up in 11 our cells cels nearly all 11 day and a sol soldier solIler aoldicr ¬ I
dier Iler is s marching marchmgup up and down own each range rangecareful rnge rangeall
uU tie the tme time We wi will have to be very verycareful verycareful I
careful for a few days until unt the Yanks YanksCot Y Yanksget nnks nnksIet
Cot over their soreness sorenessFor sorenessFor
Iet
For three thre or four days da days s wo did not use useCaptain useour useour I
our telegraph wbel when ole one evening
Captain Roberts gave me the signal that thatthere thatthere
there was a message gve I sent over the mail mailbag mal mailbag I
bag and anlll it soon came clme hack with notes notesfrom notesfrom notesfrom
from Captain Caplalllelklls Pet Ictkins kins and Captain Captall Rob Roberts Roberts Robotis ¬
erts Captain Caltall Perkins was sick and andasked andaslled andasked
asked me 1U if I could coul get him an al apple appleCaptain appleCaptlin appleCaptain
Captain Captlin Roberts wanted wlnte to know IIow If I I Icould IcouM Icould
could get my mother to come and visit visitmo visitnle visittile
mo If they gave me money to pay her herexpenses herexpenses I Iexpenses
expenses They wished to send some somemore somemore
more letters leters ou our and hud no way to do It Itbut Itbut itbut I
but by me i could get any letter of my myman myown
own tnhel inlica out an l mailed by the dray drayluan drayluau I
man for forollr our contract unl but lut I was WIS afraid afrid to torisk torisk torisk
risk any alY of their letters leler with wih him I had hadthe hadthe
the drayman bring brng mo In some apples the thounit tbenext thenext 1
next ilav day and aul Alan 010 mull mal a letter leter to mv mvmother my mymother mymother
mother telling telng her herto to come here imme immediately intnediately ¬ I Idlatcly
diately She came the tbl next no week and nld I Iwas Iwas II
was ready realy for her with several soverlleters letters my I
friends fiends had written writen Captain Roberts In Instructed instrueted ¬ i
structed me to be careful of them and If Ifthere Iftbero iithere
there was the least chance of being dls dl discovered 1 1covered Icovered
covered to bum bur them But 1 got them themto thornto i
to my 1Y mother all right I gave my mymother mymolher mymother I
mother eco CO of my money money as I was then thenmaking i i
making over a adollar dollar dolar a 1 day overtime overtimeThe overtimeThe I
The evening that I gave Captain Rob Roberts Roberts Roberts I
erts the message Iessngo that the letters were weresafely weresnfely weresafely i I
safely on 01 the way he wrote a long letter letteron leter I
on 01 the love of a mother for her child childOno ch1d chIldOne >
One part of ofit It I will wl never forgot It was wasas i I Ias I
as follows folows Oh who can el measure the thodepth thedepth thedepth i I
depth of a mothers love like lke the theboughs i I j I Iboughs
boughs of a tree that ore a1O ever extended extendedto I I Ito
to receive the weary of wing so are the thothe I I I
the arms of a loving and devoted mother motheroverextended motherever niotheover 1 1 <
overextended ever extended to welcome anl to her heart her herchild hieichild r I Ichl
child chl No matter mater if I he has broken all alllaws al 1 I Ilawshuman
laws lawshumaland lawshuman human and devlnc devlncho he is still sti her herboy herboy he heboy r
boy and all her mother heart goes out in inwelcome i I Lwelcome I
welcome to him himSome him80mo himSome
Some time tmo In II December Decenl er of the year r I I
1803 an unexpected change chane was made madeor i i I Ior
or r rather rther two changes for about a out this thistmo i I Itime j
time tmo Colonel Basil RSI Duke was taken to > I j I I
the old Illinois Iinois State prison prlsolat at Alton Alon that thatprison thatprison thatprison t
prison having been turned Into a military mllary mllaryprison militaryprison I Iprison
prison The authorities considering him i I Lthe j i
the brains of General Morgans command commandGeneral comman commanGeneral commandGeneral I
General Morgan Morgal having been nothing nothingmore 10thlDg nothintmore r I II
more than the workman workmal to carry crry out Col Coloncl Colonel Colend
oncl end Dukjs Dult plans They also alo said that thatColonel thaiColonel t I
Colonel Duke being removed from tho thoothers thoothers thcothers I
others there would bo no more well wel laid laidplans laidllians 1 l Iplans
I IShorty
plans for escape escapeShortly esclpo
Shortly Shorty after afer Colonel Cololel Duke Dull was taken tnkenawnyal i I Iaway I Iaway
away awnyal all the others were placed In 11 tho thowest Ihewest 3
west hall hal The prisoners prioners there having havllg havin havindeeri 1 I
dccn de en brought blQught from that hall hal and locked lockedup lockedup 1 L Lup
up in the cast and nnl middle halls hnls In the thewest thowest 0 I Iwest
west Hall Ial Morgans men rue had It all al to tothemselves tothemsehcs te J I Ithemselves
themselves and after lfer this I saw them no nomore ne J I Imore j
I
more I IS
S D Miller Uler was seut to the Ohio pent penttcntlary pooltentiary
tcntlary in 11 1859 from frm Cleveland on the thecharge thochnrge thecharge I Ifor
charge of kidnapping kldnlpplng He was sent up upfor ui uifor I
for seven years and ald was In the penitcn penlen penlenUnry penitentiary
tlary under the of S D 1
un < name Monty MontyHe Montylie onty ontyHe j
He Is now residing resldllg at Lancaster Illne < ler Ohio Ohioand j i I
and quite qule recently forwarded to the thowriter thewrier tuewriter 3 I
writer wrier in pursuance of a promise and andagreement andagreement 1 I I II
confessionwhich confession j jwhich
agreement the foregoing cnfeaslon I Iwhch i
which whch there Is hardly hadly the slightest slgh lest d t mbt mbtIs Hbt HbtIs ubt
Is tho true story in every particularof partculnrof the thocelebrated thej thecelebrated 3 I
celebrated cele rted escape of tho no less cele celebrated celebratel colehinted ¬
j hinted bratel Confederate Confedorte partisan General GeneralJohn Generll GenerllJohn 1 I IJohn
John Morgan Iorgln from the Columbus Collmbu9 Ohio Ohiopenitentiary OhiopenleuUnry Ohiopenitentiary
penitentiary penleuUnry on that eventful night In j I I1803Editor
1803 1863Edlor 1803Editor Editor Globe GlobeMARVELOUS Gohe GoheMARVEOUS GlobeMARVELOUS I
MARVELOUS MARVEOUS PERFORMANCES PERFORMANCESOf PERFRMANCES
Of Inanimate Things According to General and andAccepted andAccepted ant g I IAccepted
Accepted Spoken and Printed PrIntd Expression ExpressionThe Expreion ExpressionThe j I Ihe
The he wl wind nd whistles whltta and ald roars IOar9 the th thwaters I j
waters run rll th thf tbs snows 110WS fly ly the thunders thundersroll thlnders thlndersI I Iroll
I roll the waves leap and tho billows billowsI biows biowsI I II
I roar rills rUhand and cascades slug and Ild dance dancethe dlnce dlnceI danceI
I the he fields felds smile 8mle vines creep rains pour pourlights pOlr pOlrIlhts pourlights 1
lights Ilhts Hash IJah tho horse laughsand IRIJhsand clocks clockshave clockshave clockshave 1
have hands In melancholy Ileluncloly mood the thetempest thetempest >
I tempest moans UoRns zephyrs sigh brooks brooksmurmur brooks brooksmurmur brooksmurmur j
murmur the mountains moultaln8 frown and somo sometimes somoI somotimes ¬
times tmes look blue There lhere are are hundreds of ofpeople orpeoplo ofpeoplo r
I peoplo who have seen a watch spring a arope aI
I rope walk Bud a horse fly Others tea teatlfy tesI
I tlfy tf to the fact that they hoard a mill milldam mi millI
I dam a cod flsh fsh bawl saw un oyster fry CryI
I in I a match box a cat fish a peach blow a agun agnn agun
gun sling slnl a stono fence a cane calo break a abank aII abank
II bank run a shoo shop a plank walk wllk a aRuin agum aguii
Ruin boil bol tho Pacific Paclfo slope and Ind a unl unlform unl10rm unifort
form fort smile smie smieVe 01110 01110We I
We Ve have ourselves seen a sword fish fishand fsh fshand flaband
and hogs skin boots bots and old in I Florida l Jorlda we wesa wesaw
saw sa w the alligator alIgator hide shoes a tree bark barknnd barkand barkal1l
and bellow below as it I commenced comleneed to leave
holding 10ldln on 01 to Its It trunk which an UI excited oxelld
landlord was endeavoring endeavorllg to keep for
board And only a few ow days ago go some
little 110 boys bys up lp near tho capital capitl wore worowatching worewatching
watching buds shoot sbol a cabstand cabstnd n house housesign hOlso housesigi
sign sljn an ornugo orugo peel and while whie at Allan
tic to tb City Ciy last lat summer Sllller one little ltle follow followRaw felow felowfaw fellowsaw
Raw faw the ocean swell swel the surJs suns play the
tide tde go out Olt the sea culls culs uhis cry and a culm culmuoy I
uoy 10Y smoke smokeThe smokeThe I
lThe The now neI Washington Vnshllgton Isns says sats nn
English Englsh writer wrier in the London Londol Specta ¬
tor Is clean cleal and nd beautiful beuutul It I Is
boubtful whether any such delightful delightfulresidential delghlful delghlfulresieltal
residential resieltal street ns S Massachusetts Mnsslhusets nve nvenuo nvelue ayeflue
flue lue Is to be found fould Iu il the globe glob Amer Aniercan AmerCn Amercan
can Cn domestic domosto architect archlcct Is as successful successfulas succesful succesfulas
as public pu l0 architect archiect Is expensive exponiive nnd of ¬
ten bad but
In these the8 Washington ave avenues O OnUlslt ¬
nues nUlslt Ufa it is I carried to the height of com COI ¬
fort and beauty bauty The green grn well wel Wa va a
toted terd fenceless fencles lawns the tle grouping gruping pf pfgables pfgables pfgables
gables and nnl oriels the pretty porches porchesand poreheand
rrty
and exquisite oxqulsle trees trs and nn flowers fowers prcbe prcbeand coin coin
bine to give n most delightful dclghtful series of ofpictures oCpIctures ofPictures
pictures There here Is I not the ostentation ostentationof
of more New charm York or Chicago Chlcnlo but ostentton ostenttonDC theta ther Is
MERRY BELLS BELLSHow
How they are Made Now and in Ye YeOlden YeI YeOiden
Olden Times TimesPURITY TimesPURITY I Ii
Odel
PURITY PURIT OF TONE OBTAINED OBTAINEDi
The American Improvement in I Hanging HangingThe HangingTheAntqull HangingTheAntiquit The TheAntiquity
Antiquity Antqull of Bells Bels and the Largest Largestone largestone Largestone
one In the World In Mos Moscow Moscow Moscow ¬
cow Russia RussiaAn Rusia RusiaAn RussiaAu
An Au Incident Incdent trivial trlvblln In Its Is nature nuturl natureone 1t 1ton it itone
one on that Is II not seen every day du occurred occurredou
on the Aveuue recently recenl and put the tbowriter thewrier thewriter
writer wrier In the way wa vn3 of obtaining olainlng an Inter Interesting Intercstlg intereating ¬
eating cstlg interview A circus vehicle vehiclepassed vehiclelasseui chicleI
passed 1lssed tilong Ilolg the street on which was wasmounted wnsmounted vasmounted
mounted several largo belts beli the loud loudtlntannnbuluilou loudtntannabulu1 loudtititannabula
tlntannnbuluilou tntannabulu1 tititannabula Ion of which attracted attractedmuch atraetcd atraetcdmuch attractedmuch
much attention IUentu Wel Vcll made bells bellsremarked 011 bellsremarked
remarked n bystander bstander turning turing to the thewriter thewrier thesriter
writer writerYes wrier wrierYes sriterYea
Yes as Of far ni a my 1 knowledge ltowled 0 of such sucharticles suchnrtcles sucharticles
articles nrtcles extends extelds was the reply rel Do Doyou Doyou
you OU know Itow anything about bells lels and andtheir andtheir ud udtheir
their manufacture manufactureWell
1 Well I ought to know something somethingabout somethingubout soinethin soinethinabout
about such sUlh matters luters as a I was wa connected connectedwith couneete couneetewith
with wih one of the largest Illrge t bell foundries in inthe Inthe inthe
the country for many I11Y years yenrjCan
I 1 Can you tell tel when the introduction introductionof Introducton Introductonof I
of bells bely dates from fromNo fromNo
IINi No sir nor can anyone lone Anti Antiquarians Aut Antiquanians ¬ I Iluarlnus
quarians luarlnus have hlve bothered their brains for foryears forI foryears
years Clrs about bout the antiquity autquityof of bells bels but butto butto butto
to no purp se Their helrcxplorltons explorations explorationsamong explorationstunong
among the mists mltl of o obscurity obseuJ have havethrown hle hlethrown havethrowi
thrown no 10 light lght upon the matter mter and andwe andwe nd ndwe
we must therefore therfore accept the fact that thatbelts thlt thltI thatbelie
belts have existed since time
bels tmo mime Immemorial Imle Imlemorlal mimemorhul ¬
morial The history of bells Is not notwithout notwlhont notwithout
without wlhont romantic romante Interest Interet and has hasbeen hasI hasbee
been bee productive productve of much literature literatureWhat Iteratlre literatureWhat
What country are they the supposel BUPPOSO to tohave tohave tohave I
have first fryt been produced prducl In asked nske the thewriter thewrier thewriter
writer writerl6
wrier
writerNothing l6 Nothing very er clear cear Is II known on outhat onthnt onthat
that point Bells of gold are mentioned mentionedin mentone mentionedIn I
in Exodus XXVIII XXVIJ They 1he were first firstused flt flt11sed firsttised
11sed used by b the Romans Homlns to summon Sll01 people peopletn
tn to tlin the rmlilln 11 vublie le lint baths ha mill ald hv by flpizrens flpizrensTheir degrcs degrees degreesiassed I
iassed 11sed into ue Use for relgious religious pUf1ses pUf1sesIhelr JurpDses JurpDsesheir
Their heir use wns known in Oriental conn eounI couutries I Itries
tries long before leror In Europe In 11 fact I Ibelieve Ibcloe Ibelieve
believe bcloe it It was WIS not until uut uroll the seventh seventhcentury seventhI seventhcentury
century that they tho wero introduced Into IntoEngland IntoEnglnml intoEngland
England Englnml Several very ery ancient bells bellsare bels belsare bellsare j
are In existence In 11 Ireland 1reh1d On one at atUelfast ntBelfast atBelfast
Belfast appear the date 1001 and Is Isornamented isornamented
ornamented oramentcd uJ11clr with gold glld and silver slver lIla IlianrAn ia iagree lIlagree
nrAn gree work wil and nuil Mm the lilnat Jost most mrtipiialvp expensive nf of ofgems i igems
gems AH tney tle have for ages nge been used usedi use usedto I
to summon soldiers soldlel to arms and citizens citizensto eltzcns eltzcnsto citizensto
to assemblages asemblnges bells bels have played an anmniportant j i
Ilmportnut important part in historical hitorlcul events and nnl antimany
many man a black Llnck and bloody blo chapter in Inthe inthe I Ithe I
the worlds history hlltor has ha been cn rung In inand i II
and out by 1 them In days da s of old oldI I II j
1 when knights were bold boll the bells heli of ofn ofa ofa
a conquered conquere people peple were always nlwas seized seizedby I II
by the conquering frces and melted melteddown meled melteddovn
down for or military mltar purposes Ou the theother theother theother
other hand it I was a custom when a nI arevolt
revolt revol of the people occurred oceurre to capture cnpturethe capturethe
the cannon cnnlon of the soldiery aoldler and melt mel meltthent
them to supply suppl bells els for the uses use of the thetown thetown
town The hl chief bell belot of a church was wa wasconsidered
considered consldcr d the property of the citizens citzens citzensIho citizensThe
The iullueuceot Intuenceof bells upon architecture architecturer nrchlecture nrchlectureIs
is worth remembering a as owing owln to toI totheir
their existence and uses u es we have all al the thetoweri thetowers
towers toweri antI steeples which servo cre to tobreak
break the monotony of space the world worldover worldoer worldover
over
I The ho bells bels of ancient olcleut make how do dothey
they the compare with wih those made uown now nowI nowadays
days dasln In workmanship worltmau hlp etoV etoVI eto1 ete eteSome
Some of lt the most ancient bells hels now nowextnnt nowextant
extant are made of thin V plates of iron ironrivlted Ironrvle Ironrivited
rivlted rvle together There lherl is a great art In InI inbell
bell be1 founding as a the quality qualty of n 1 bell belldepends bel belllepeuds
depends not only onl upon Ipon the casting entn and Ind Indr andilneusus
fineness lnenl s and mixture of the metals letllg but butupou butupon butupon
upon tho exact proportions prOIJortons of the com cornPOSItO
poslte parts of tlie tle lie bell bel Au expert can canreadily cnnI canieatiily
readily realm see upon examining exnllnllg the ancient ancfentl ancientleciInens
specimens that tlut the early earl bell bel founders foundersdid founderi foundersdid
did not understand uUlleritnud thoroughly the tueinixitig
mixing of metals and proportions llroportoI proportionswhich
which constitute consttute a bell bel perfect In tone toncI
I believe beleve it 1 Is generally genornly conceded coucell d by bell bel bellfounders
founders foundel that perfection perfecton In the art was wnsIJret wasPrettY
pretty IJret nearly uClrly arrived nrrvcd at In the thlslxteenth thlslxteenthcentnry sixteenth sIxteenthcemitury
century After Afer innumerable trials trlll an ani aniexperlencc I Iexperiences
experiences extending over centuries cenlurlesthe centuriesthe
the bell el of that lint period trlod may ma le le generally generallyconsidered gnerl gnerlI generallyconsidered
I considered a at finished lulshed types Inle of success successfill succesfullel suceesftil
I fill fullel bell founding foundingI foutiditigVhnt
What Is bell el metal composed of on onI ofiI J1 J1I
j I I I It I Is I a mixture mixtue of copper and tin tnln tnln11rollortons in inPrPortiO1l3
proportions 11rollortons of olubout about Ibout four to one Steel Steelj SleellIas steelhas
lIas has also Ilso been usel uBeli iu some cases with withsuccess wih wihsucces wIthsuccess
success the lie tone being el almost Ilnost equal to toI tothe
the best bet bell belmelnl metal Experiment have haveI havebei
bcu bzel made with wih glass glns and lud while wbl o the thebe I
be Is made of this lila material mnterlll wero vero flue fluesounding Ine finesounding
sounding their utility utlt was retarded by bytheir b btheir bytheir
their extreme liability lubll to crack crcl crackIa I II
iugV hug Ia Describe 1ecr e the Ito operation opcrton of bell bel found foundiugV foundIng foundhug 1
Well Wel the proesi n I very vr interest interesting Intercstlng Interestlug
lug and nd Ill Il detail detnl it as n near as posal pos posible l lI
ble A Achy cly bell beUls It made first Ilt This lhls Is Isthe isthe
the mold for the casting CJstlg of the bell bellproper bel bellProPer
proper A kind of wooden wooen compaSs compascalled COmlaS COmlaSclie compaSscalled
called clie a crook the legs of which are lre re respectlvely reo reoapeetely tospectively
spectlvely apeetely curved cUred to the shape ot the I Iinside i IInside
inside and outside outde of the bell bels is is pivoted pivotedou j I
ou a stake After Afer brickwork rckworK fs built builtround builtronmiti
round rt111 thl tiik structure a lire IN is I lighted lghted bui In inside I Iside I II
side llcc Tue be outside otitsld is covered with wih wihI itli itlilayers
layer Ilyerd layers of soft oft clay and hair mixed I Ihis Irj
rj I his his I Is ID pulled caled called tlin the PI Clr ere i Tim rbe iviri core la lacovered 1 is iscovered j
covered well wel with wih grease grele Bud the false falseclny falseI falseciay
clny clY bell bel tho outlines outnes of which are n1e de defined he hefIned ¬ I
fined Jne by b the legs of the compass compas is isfinished IsI
finished fnished After Afer being Olngeovcred beitigeovered covered with wih an auother anotber another
other laver la layer er of olnv clay I a tnn the lmliliio bnlll baking > umpo procS process processgoes a agoes
goes gOR on 01 and after the requisite rI1le degree dcgreeof degreeof
of hardness is obtained oltalned the mold is Isrcn Isready
ready rcn y for the metal By B the way email emailbells smll smallbells
bells bcls are Ir made mae in Italy Inly of baked earth enrthrboy earthThey
They ure made by a method known knownonly knownonl knowmionly
only onl to tothe the people of u 1 certain section ectlonotthaicountryatiul cton ctonof
of otthaicountryatiul that country and aul have a remarkably remarlbl remarlblsweet
sweet tone toueW toxicI
11 I What W lmt are they used u8e for forOh forI
1 I Oh they are arl simply slmpl < toy to bells bels In
this country lead leadlud and zinc are used in intho Inthe
the lie metal for the lie smaller eraler kind of b Us ls
Hut to return retur to founding foun lng The lhe time
for cooling coolng of ot oft takes tlltes several days dls tme or orI orwteks orveeks
wteks veeks according to the size or the
bel bell bellI
I JO Is J there illVit 1 1a Iny any operton operation of Jlnlhlngl finishing
a 1 lii i with wih other cuatfims C8tn castitutsI s V
I Not as 1 a C rule If Iproperl Ifproperi3 properly cast the I
bell bl should r rqUIre quire fulre no touching up but butshould butshould butshould
should bo e left lef In Its maiden state stnt us It
la h termed Now Nowl n t perfect prfect bell bel when whenstruck whenstruck a I
struck gives ghe out one note and nd any In per persou persn person I
son sn with a knowledge of music can dls
tingulsh tngulsh what it is f Whu the con conspuautns consonCntCslt consonaut
spuautns I sonCntCslt sonaut as it Is calloJ clleJ is distinctly 11stnety heard
then the tie bell hel is I true This keynote Kenot KenotIny
may Iny bo b altered alered by b cutting cuttng the Inner
rim i rll or by b tIling Ilng the Inside of the bel e 1
just j ust above the tll rim Then attention
must be paid to the hammer ntenton It too
heavy I heavy1 a crack In the bell bel will follow if
too I light Ignt the tone will wi not wi bs 1 folow p properl properly
drawn out outWhatkliulof outWhat
4 Whatkliulof What kind of bells belI are you ou speak ¬
ing l og of now nowWh7 nowI nowWhy uowU
Inr U Wh7 Why the large Ilrge kind such ns a church churchue1s
bells I ue1s Iu tn the hanging lamigingotboils of belU ls some ex
Pertness pertnes Is necessary neeeHr In olden times
this t his matter was Wa not gIven as a much mud tmes at atcttion ¬
tention tenton t as should have hlve been leen done An at
authority nuthorlt says ms There is hardly horly a 1 ca
thedral therl tower In Europe l where whert thus th
haugluR of bells els Is fl not urre imperfect nUll nudwhere nUllwhero andwlierts
where the oscillation osclnton of the tower towerIn towerInconsequenceIs towerIneOtieequeflccis Iu Iuconsequence
consequence consequenceIs eOtieequeflccis Is not complained compllne of1 of1American of
American AWtrlcnn bell btl founder pay l11Y great at at ¬
tention t to and have lutroducjii
tellon hoe IntrioJllnuler IntrioJllnulerous numer numerous nttiierUsnprovements ¬
ous improvements in the hanging of
bells lels
I Of course eOlle many customs attach atacb to tothe t tthe
the ringing rllglnK of bells bels In European ElrOpinn coun countries countries corntries ¬
tries which do not exist exit here hereOh heNOb heroOh
Oh yes C a great many On the thecontinent thecontncntot ii iiI
continent contncntot of Europe Eurpe bells bels have attained attaineda Itnlned ItnlnedI I
a I strong prominence prollnence from the USES nOd audceremonials nudceremonials nOdcerernoxitals L
ceremonials with which they have for forages forages foxages
ages been bee associated assolnted In many mnlY parts partswhen pnrtswhen
when a new bell bel Is f to be hung hUlg It Is Ischristened Isehrltened ischristened I
christened ehrltened with wih much luch ceremony ceremolY and andfrom nll andfrom
from tho existence of old leiwuds lelends and andtraditions andtraditons amidtraditions
traditions traditons they Ihe are ar supposed to be en endowed endowed endowed
dowed with wIh the power of driving away awayevil n awayevil wny wnyevlsplr
evil evlsplr spins 8 and dispersing dispersiugistorms storms You Youhave Youhne Youhave
have of course seen the expression expresllon to tocures toeLites
cures with wih bell bel book end caudle clhlic This Thisalludes Thisnludes Thisalludes I
alludes nludes to an fn old form of exorcism of ofancient ofancient
nncent ancient times tmes In which the bell bel was wasused wasused
used to drive out ou evil evi sphils sphls A very veryold veryold veryold
old custom clstomthat customthat that of tolling toing the lie passing lllllg
bell bel sit a burial BO f0 thn those tho e who heard heardit heardIt heardIt
it might pray for the soul of the de deinmed de111edst tiePflrodstll
111edst inmed Pflrodstll stll rmy prevails llrolls throughout througl1ut Eng England Elg ElgnUl ¬
land nUl In no other country countr has carillon carillonmachinery carion carionmnchlnery carillonmachinery
machinery been ben so perfected 1erreete as In Eng Elg ¬
land landWhat Ilm IlmI laudI
I What Is a 1 carl cnr10n cnr10nCnrlon carillon lion V VCarillon
1 Carillon Cnrlon Is the name given give to n nchime nchime achinie
chime of bells bels played by b clockwork clockworkThey clockworkrhe clockworkThey
They rhe are placed Illncd In n the towers of all al the thenubile thell theimbiio
nubile Ie buildings buidings of the principal prlelJI1 Eng ¬
ll lish Ish cities ctes and set to play pin n different differenttune dlrerent dlrerenttuue dutrerenttune
tune each day dn of the mjuth You can canimagine cnnImnglne canimagine
imagine how howenlenlng enlivening the effect el ct is isHas IsI IslIne
I Has JIU the iiistoin UStOI extended to this thiscountry1 thiscountry thiscountry
country country1Well countrycli
Well Wel cli there are a I few churches chuches In Ineastern Inelstc1 inenstern
eastern elstc1 cities ciies which have chime chlle but butnot butnot butmiot
not many 111 Why Viiy almost every ever church churchIn ehlreh ehlrehIn churchiii
In England has Its Its chime of bels ols amid audI
I can cln assure 18ure you ou the lie ellect upon a quiet quietSabbath quietSabbath ulct ulctSablJth
Sabbath SablJth morn mor Is most mot pleading to listen listento lsten lstento lisLe lisLeto
to the thechiurchi church Bell
bells lels eils rIng nel ringing rnging ringingropes
by b ropes is u 1 popular art among the theEnglih theEuglh theLugii
Englih Euglh Lugii h people pIoplc Regular associations associationsof asocltons asocltonsof
of bell el ringers rnger exist It I requires rquire much muchexperleuce muehexperIence muchexperience
experIence to become au expert eXle1t bell bellringer bel bellringer
ringer and conIes conte a often take ilnce > lace be between bctween betweet ¬
tween the companies eO11nles of bell hel ringers of ofdifferent ofdt ofdiffirnt
different dt r nt towns townsDo townI townsI
I I Do you youlmol you know anything of the knack knackof kuncl knackof
of handling hlUdllg the ropes ropesWhile ropesWhlle ropesI
I While I i am not nota a abcl bell ringer rnger ringermytelf ringermytelfI myself myselflnia my elt elt1hle
I lnia have lnjtn been I In vithi I l < I1 1 1 1 1men
1hle com company pan wih Elglsh Elglshmen English Englishtiien
men win wl1 whi were wer and nd learned BOIIH sOltthlng sOltthlngauoull till thing thingabout 114 114about
about auoull It The first r t half bul pull pul drops the thebell theel thebell
bell el the lie second I acts It I the Ito next nextswings lext lextsln8 nextswings
swings It to the bar then swings down downaud downand downand
and up to the other side sle the tongue tonguestriking touguestrIking tonguestriking
striking as it I ascends The terms used usedby l uedby ed edthe
by by the ringers rlngel to denote the different differentchanges tlilibrentchanges ll rent rentchnnges
changes are hunting buntng douglug dongiugsnapitig
1 snapping nnpJllg I plain bob1 bol bob triple trple bob bobbob bo boI bobbob
I bob ob major and nd numerous others otHrs I Idont 1dOlt Idont
dont dOlt remember rememberHow rememLerJow reniemberhow
How Jow may la J bells are there In the thecarillou thecarion thecarhlion
carillou carion carhlionThe V VThe I II
I The old carillon cnrlon used to consist coutl t of offour oCfOU offour
four fOU but eight are now used That Thatnumber Thatnumber Thattiuuber
number nmk 1akl s the most perfect peal pealTney pealrhe pealThey
They rhe are tuned In what Is I known In Inuiuic InUU it itmUsic
mUsic UU JC ns the diatonic dltonlc scale This scale scaleconsist senleconsist scalecoiislsts
consist of eight sounds with wih seven seeulu seeulutcnn iu interra
terra s two semitones selltne and live Ic whole wholetones wholetone wholetones
tones While Whie speaking of publ c bell bellringing bellringing el
ringing in Englaud I Iforgot forgot tor ot to mention mentionas melton meltonlS
as lS uu tl iistaiHo Istalce of its popularity populariy over overthere oerthcre overthere
there that the people peple raise rie money by bysubscription bysubscrpton bysubscription
subscription subscrpton for peals peul to be rung lUJ rom romtheir romtheIr routtheir
their church ehnrlh steeples teelles ou certain durs In Incomwemoraton iiicommemoraton
comrueuiorat ou of some event of na national natonal mm mmtional ¬
tional tonal or local rejiiclug rej Iell iciug In many manycases Inuy Inuycn tautlycases
cases cn es the peals are rung In 11 ii obedience obedienc to tothe tothe tothe
the will wi of some promluet llrmlnet cilzea cilzel de deceased deceMed tIeceased ¬
ceased who whl has bequeathed ucqll nthCI a sum of ofmoney ot10ner ofmnoue4r
money mnoue4r for that purp llrll se seWhich BeI I Ihleh
10ner world I Which idol is I the largest lorge t bell bel in 1 the theworld he heworld heworld
worldThe i
The rie one at lt Moscow Russia An Anin AnIn Anin
in crlptton crlptou shows that it I was cost cat In the thoseventeenth thesdvcnteenlb thesveuteenih
> seventeenth century eenlur It weighs 410
000 00 pound The Tie people call It Tsar Inrlolukol IaarKuiukol
Kulukol Jounl which translated truslnted means IElnS the thektna the1lng thekIng
ktna kIng nf of lialla bel ielis tud and imil rtn on fIstvul festlyxil faattvul rltivu df days S thav they theyvisit
visit Ielt the boll 11 considering cOlslderng It au 11 act of ofi oh ohAre
devotion devotioni
i devoton devotonI
j i Are there any an bells bels of urge tlze Ize In Inthis Inthis inthis
this country countl countlI countr3rI
i I I I Very Ver few Tha largest ever eat eati eathtere
i here wn vn the alarm Ilarm lire bell bel for New NewYork NewYlrk Newlurk
York Ylrk City Clt Its It weight Is 23000 2oJ p l muds mudsI ititidslhere
I There Is one in ii the cathedral cnthdrl at Mon Mantreal Montlenl Montreal
treal tlenl Canada weighing 29400 pounds poundsI poulds pouldsi poundsihoo
I Those used l etln Iu tie different < 1t r nt large cities citiesas cies ciesI I Ias
I as a lire tre alarms nlarlf aiarnisareusuaiiyofabont are usually usual of about nuo t 10000 10000i 1000 1000pJunds 10OtJClt1tIdS 3
i pjunds weight weightDiving weightD weightDiving
Diving D Iug bells bels I exclaimed exclnhled the talktr talktrupou talk talkemupon r rupn
upon tintinnabulation tntunnbulnton In reply rtpl to an 1 In Inqulryof Inq inquiryof
i qulryof q upn the writers wrlerSI wrlerSII I why diving dl vlng bills billscom b31s b31scom ballscona
com no more lor within wih with1 I the sjopo S of bell bellfouuding bel I L Lfouudiig
i founding proper than taking OJO u photo photograph photogmllh Phloognql ¬
graph does doesSLEEP doesSLEEP
I loes loesI loesSLEEP
SLEEP AND DREAMS DREAMSSlumber DREAMSSlumber DREAMSV i I
Slumber Rests Rest the Will Wi and Relaxes Relaxesthe Rtlaxes Rtlaxesthe Relaxesthe 5 V
the Muscles Only OnlyTHE OnlyTHE
THE BRAIN AND ANDNERE NERVE GOES ON ONThe ONThe
The Significance Slgnlcance of Dreams Drems Sclentiflcallj Sclenttcalll En Expounded Enpounded
pounded b bl a Learned Physician PhJslclanln PhysIcianinstances In
stances Oiled of Remarkable RemarkableConnections Remarkble RemarkbleConnectons RemarkatleConnections
Connections Connectons Between BetweenDreams BetweenDreams BetweenDreams
Dreams and andReali andRea1ll andRealiIy
Reali Rea1ll Rea1llPrnl RealiIy RealiIy1roai
From Prnl the first lrst Eden day when the1 the1groat the thdgreat 5
great progenitor prgenItor of the Ito race awoke from fromthe Ito
the first rt recorded sleep to find nd a beauti benut ¬
ful companion cOUp1lol made ra l bone of ofitis his bone boneto boneto boneto
to the present time the subject of dreams dreamsh
h ts s been speculated < upon by y philosophers philosophersand phlosoJher
and scientists sclenl stl without their having ar arrived arrl arnied
rived rl ved at exact conclusions cOlcluslons as to their theircause theireauso theircause
cause or eflecti efc tl or as to why they are arosometimes aresomellmes aresoumetltnes
sometimes pleasant ptca8 lt dud sometimes 10l tme the thereverse thereverlo thereverse
reverse reverlo of pleasant pleuslnt without wlh ut any apparent apparentreason appontreMon apparentreason
reason A person persol In 11 splendid sllendld physical physicaland ph1slcalnnd physicaland
and mental health lealh will wi at times tmes dream dreamhorriblo dr dreamhorrible R1
horrible dream dret ml and aul sometimes sometmes tho thocouch thocOlcl thecouch
couch cOlcl of the sufferer will wi be visited viitd by
the most bcauliflc beauU o visions while whie his hissenses hissenscs hissenses
senses ate sealed in slumber slumberThat slum slumberlhat er erThat
That dreams drealS are ore Intimately Ilthnalely connected connectedwith connectedwfb connectedwith
with wfb tkoughtand thought al1 and the powers of reasoning
is Inferred by byscientists scientists scientsts upon good grounds
but la Just I on what way IY or by what whl subtle subtlerclalonshlp subte subterelaonsblp subtlerclaionship
rclalonshlp cannot cnlnot be 10 determined Ietermincil accur accurately Iccur Iccuratel accurntely ¬
ately atel because bceuse at the tlo intant the witness witnessbecomes wines witnessbecomes
becomes competent cOUpetent to testify he ceases ceasesto ceasesto ceasesto
to be a dreamer and can at < best only onlyguess onlygues onlyguess
guess gues Ut the cause cluse of the phenomenon or ortho orthe orthe
the relations rcltU ns it bears taf to the ordinary oldlnry ordinaryunctiotis
functions flnclols of the mind mindIn mindIn
Uln UlnIn
In conversation with wih < a wellknown wellknowncitizen weUknowncitzen welikuowncitizen
citizen citzen who is halt bal scientist solenllt hal physi physician plYII plYIIclan physiclan ¬
clan ho advanced advancd some novel theories theoriesupon theoriesupon theoriesupon
upon the subject 8u ject of dreams and fur furnlshed furnishcd
ulshcd some soml striking Instances of the tbopublication tho1111momenul theilieOmCauti
1111momenul ilieOmCauti thnt lint Ir am thought worthy of ofpublcnlol ofpublication
publication publcnlol In The Sunday Globe Go e for fortheir fortheir fortheir
their novelty H I for nothing 10thlng cite citePeople ele elePeople elseIeople
People talk tllk about abutdroanihessshecp abutdroanihessshecpsaid dreamless sleep sleepsaid sleep8uld
said the gentleman gel1lemal but there Is not notsuch notsuch notsuch
such a condition cnditon as s that In nature The Thomost Themost Themost
most prevalent prlvBlcnt theory about dreams Is Isthat I Ithl ithat
that thl thought begins egns with scrni semiconscious semiconsciousncss conscious consciousness ¬
ness and Ind that dreams drenls are tho lie records of ofthese ofthee ofthese
these thee thoughts upon UpOI the jnltul ot the thoawakening theawnkenlng Ito Itoawakeiing
awakening person Sometimes a person personupon 11ersol vorsonUpon
upon uwakeaiug uwakeallg from slumber slum er remem remembers remembers tomcatbore ¬
bers a chain of events that ends In 11 ob obHvlou obIvloo ohhlviou
Hvlou Ivloo aud he imagines that ho hohas has ceased ceasedto ceasedto
ceasel
to think thllk on account accunt of having alien lalellnto lalellntoa Into Intofulucis intoa
a deeper sleep at the point olut where forget forgetfulnes forgetfulness
fulucis ensues Thai Tha it I a 0 very reason reasonable reasonablo reasonable ¬
able theory but I do not believe belev It In II a atrue atrue atrue
true one Why W by Because dreams are aregoverned arogovered aregoverned
governed govered by natural noturallaws laws the lie same saDe as is iseverything Iseverything iseverytlting
everything else ele In the world That Thattheory Thnttheory Thattheory
theory seems natural naturl enough and an < if it itwas ItWIS itwas
was WIS the only test of dreams it I might mightstand mightStBII mightstand
stand StBII While Wblo dreams reams sometimes end in inoblivion Inoblvion inoblivion
oblivion oblvion they also olso sometimes sometmes begin begll In Inchaos Inchaos inchaos
chaos You 101 cannot Cllnot remember the begin beginning beginning egln eglnnlng ¬
ning of a 0 dream dram though you are satisfied satisfiedthat sntlted sntltedthat satisfiedthat
that there thee must havo hove been events ev9ats preced ¬
lag those that you can recall recal It I Is un unnatural Ul unnatural ¬
natural to t suppose that the awakening awakellng
thought caught up a chain of events in intho Inthe Inthe
the middle Old lo and carried them out to tho thoend thoend theend
end Do you catch etch my Idea t The last lastevents 1st 1stevents lastevents
events In the series or those that you youremember youremember youremember
remember and anl which you ou call cal a dream dreammust drom drommUlt dreammust
must have been suggested by others otherswhich otherswhich otherswhich
which preceded prece ed them and must have hlve oc occurred occurrd occurred ¬
curred currd even before befor that semiconscious semiconsciousstate sellconlcious sellconlciousstato semiconsciousstate
state ensued While Whie it I might not be bonatural benatural
natural to suppose that list a 0 dream Ireanl stopped stoppedwith stop stoppedwith led ledlth I
with lth the lie cessation ce8atlol of thought as we sink sinkto snkto sinkto
to sleep It Is unnatural to suppose that thattho tbatthe thatthe
the phenomenon henomenon we vo call 01 a dream should shouldbegin shouldbegin shouldbegin
begin with the beginning of the semi semiconscious semiconscious semiconscious ¬
conscious state as we commence C01nlence to wake wakefor waketor
for In many cases we are only cognlzant cognlzantat V
at the end of what must have been a long longrell longtlreain
dream dreamNow tlreainNow rell
< Now I will wl give you OU my theory We Wospeak Wespeak Wespeak
speak of going to sleep slee to rest the mind mindand mlnllnnd mindand
and body Now what function functlol of the thebody thebody thebody
body nod ani of ofthe the mind actually actlnly rest dur during durlug dothng ¬
lug tho hours hour devoted to tlecpt tlfe sheep t Just Justono Justone Justone
one of each Doesnt the circulation circulaton of ofthe oftho ofthe
the blood continue contnue through the night nightJust nightjust nightjust
Just the lie same as in day < ay T The lungs per perform perfern er erform ¬
form the lie same operation operton as In wakeful wakefulness wallefl walleflness wakefulness
ness the liver Iver go on 01 with wih Us Is secretions secretionsand secretons secretonsnnd secretionsand
and the stomach produce digestion digeston just justtho justthe justthe
the same Ime You YOI hear a loud noise nolsl and andyou nndou andyou
you ou dream of an In earthquake a light lght is isHashed Isnshed Ishashed
Hashed before your eyes and jou you ou dream dreamof dreamof dreamofaceing
of ofaceing seeing seeng a conllagratton conlngrton This proves provesthat prves prvesthat provesthat
that the nerves nerea do not rest but aro con constantly canslnntly coaatantly ¬
stantly carrying distorted sensations to tothe totho tothe
the brain tlaln No a single organ of tho thobody tbebody tlebody
body rests with lh perhaps the lie exception excetol of oftho oftbe oftime
time muscles which are relaxed to some someextent someextent someextent
musces
extent Every other organ and every everyother everyother everyoilier
other function functon i I is Just as busily busiy engaged engagedduring engnei ongaedduring
during durlnl sleep slcel as n In II it the hours of wakelul wakelulness wakelulless wakefulcss
ness nessIt less css cssIt
lessI It I Is just the tl same 8al0 with wih the mind mindEvery mindEvery mindEvery
Every organ orgll of the brain hrln hiui every function functionof flnctol ftutctiouofthm
of ofthm the mind with wih one exception excolton goes on onduring 01 onduring
during sleep just jlst as It docs when wheH wli i the lie per person Person or orBOlls ¬
son BOlls is wide vllo awake Iwake W Mti tii activity nctvlty Is IsCutzuou Isc iscntLu
Cutzuou c cntLu O Iuin UII uttt Dlrth nlth to death < eath though thoughthe thoughthe thoughlie
the lie operations oleratons of the mind 111 < arc not always alwaysrecorded al alwaysrecorded WIYS WIYSrecorded
recorded upon UpOI tho tablets of memory
Why Is it then thol that sleep 81eol refreshes rufrelhol memorY both boththe boththo boththe
the body and nld mind I mindt I Dl t Simply Silll Simplybecausotho Simplybecausothowill because beeuRe the thowill thewl
will wl the agent that directs all 11 tho func functions fUle fUleUon8 futctlotis ¬
tions of both the body and mind Iln < docs docsrest doesrest does doesrest
rest and la refreshed during turln thu hours of ofslumber ofHlumbor ofslumber
slumber The Theorgan organs of the body or ormind QrIlml orminl
mind Ilml do not 10t lire tro they tIle are Ire mere mechan mechanisms mechll tneclanisins ¬
isms Ims that tha may mlY wear out but will wi never neverbecome nevereoome neverbecome
become eoome wotry It Is tho thodirectlg directing agency agencythe agencytho ageicythe
the will wi power that becomes bccoloy tired tfd and andmust andmust andmust
must have hlo rest rest It Is said and said saidtruthfully snldtrutbfly saidtruthfully
truthfully trutbfly that a change ehlnJe of work Is as asKoodnsa asgood asgood
Koodnsa good lS as a rest and all why Simply Slmlly be because boo boocause because ¬
cause the will wi which has been intently intentlyemployed Intenty Intentyellloye intentlyOiullOyCd
employed ellloye In one direction directon so long IOlg Is re relieved reloved rehieved ¬
lieved loved by the theehnnge change Bet Setyourellown Setyourellownto Setyoursei yourscl down downto downto
to write wrlo a long article arlclo upon upolsomu some subject subjectYour subjectYour subjectYour
Your will wi directs your energies oner les in II ono onochannel ole oleehallel onechauel
channel ehallel It calls cals upon ulon your memory memoryyour memoryyour memoryyour
your Imagination Imagilatol and your powers powor of oflogic oflogic oflogic
logic to t do their utmost In collecting collectingfacts colectng colectngfacts colleotin colleotinfacts
facts fancies falcles and nut arguments to be used usedin usedII use usein
in II the construction cOlstruotol of the article arlele until untilyou unt untilyou
you say those functions fUlctol arc exhausted exhaustedand oxhaustel exhaustedand
and nnl your pencil penci drop from your weary wenl
hand Your brain braliis fs is weary you say and andneeds nld nldueed8 amidneeds
needs rust ro t You lay ly aside asile the article articlefinished nrtlclefnished articlefinished
finished fnished and ald converse cbuverse with your friends friendsor
or read some SOIO light lght literature lerture and au II the thoweariness theweariness theweariness
weariness will wi wear oil of to an al extent extentWhy extontWhr extentWly
Why I You think ns many thoughts twujhls per perminute lJermluute perminute
minute as you jOl did while vhlo writing writng the thoarticle theartcle thearticle
article artcle perhaps but butyou you aro not 10t tired Ired by bythem bythem y ythem
them Tho fact Is your brain was not nottired notUred nottired
tired before bfore but butyour your our willpower w1 will power because becauseof becuse becuseof becauseof
of the Intense application npplclun to your subject subjectwas subjectwas subjectwas
was exhausted That Is exactly oxacty what whatoccurs wbatoccurs wlatoccurs
occurs during your waking hours Your Yourwill Yourwl Yourwill
will wl power becomes ecomes exhausted lxllusled and Is Isrested Isrested isrested
rested rested and nul refreshed refreslel by sleep
What has ha all allhl8 this to do with wlh dreams dreamsJust dreamsJusl dreamitilJust
Just this Mental ellnl activity Iclvlty continues cntlues dur during duroIlg durIng ¬
ing Ilg sleep but thought thulghtls Is beyond eyondlhe the con control control control ¬
trol of the will wi and wanders whitherso whithersoever wbllerso wbllersoever whithersoever ¬
ever It 1 chooses No matter maUerhow how deep leep 1001 the thosleep thesleep thesleep
sleep Is the lie thoughts go o on onjust just the same samebut samebut samebut
but It U I only when the person Is semi semiconscious semiconscIous semiconscious ¬
conscious that the lie memory meUoly makes lakes a tee rccord record teeord
ord of the mental men til impressions and it is isfor Isfor ixfor
for this lila reason Iea ou that list dreams Mells are fragmen fragmentary Crgmeu Crgmeutnry fragmnemitary ¬
tary and anl that cither eiher the tltebeglnning beginning or the theend theend theend
end of the series of event may be lost to totho tothe
tho recollection recolecton of thin tle sleeper Dream Dreaming Drelm Drelming Dreamlog ¬
ing then is a constant operation olemton and nndls nndlsolly Is Isonly isonly
only olly a continuation cntllnaton of of the lie waking wakingthoughts wakingthoughts wakingthoughts
thoughts rendered free from control by bythe bytbe
the unconsciousness of the lie will wi powec powelwhich powoewhich
slumber slumberThen slumberrhen which is I resting restng and anl recruiting recruitng itself leeH In Inslumber inThea
I
Then you do not attach atach any signifi significance slgnlf ¬
cance Cllce to dreams drCln1 If they the are but uncon uncoi ueonrolled
trolled trulel thoughts of oftle the brain brin brinOn brainOn
On tho lie contrary I attach ntach great Big Bignlflcance slgnllence significanco
nlflcance nllence to dreams drelms though I have no nogood nogood nogood
good reason leson outside outide of ol my own ex exper experi experieace perl perlenco
enco to do 10 so There are few Important hl110rtant hl110rtanteeils importantevents
events eeils of ordinary or lnnr every ever day life e that ore oreuot aronot arenot
not foreshadowed foreslnlowel by these nightly vial visltois vll vlltOS vialtots
tots tOS Mind lnl I do tonot donot not say that Ihattho the events eventsaro eventsaro eventsnra
aro exactly exacty portrayed portfCI to me le In 11 advance advanceof all advanceofthieir vance vanceof
of ofthieir their coming but that In 11 their general generalfeatures genemlfeatures generalfeatures
features they are detailed Ietalel so that when whenthey 1hel whenthey
they come cDe they recall recnl my dream so viv vividly vlvIdly vividly ¬
idly that lint I can see the connection be between between between ¬
tmt counecton
tween tho dream drealan and the event I rarely rrely
dream drol dream of what I have thinking been of ofou ofou ofon
ou retiring Very few people peopll do I Ithink Ithink Ithink
think and the reason to me Is plain plainThe plainThe llainThe
The will wi during the day confines confnes the thothought thethought thethought
thought to certain subjects Ilbjectslud nud as soon soonas V Vas
as tho lie will wi loses control over the thl 1w thought Ibouhtthey thoughthey I
they naturally naluraly seek any other subject subjectthill1 subjecttlut subjecttht
thill1 tlut those home upon which they have been beenexercised j jcxerclscil I
exercised for or so many Uany hours hoursI
II I have dreamed if persons penonsand and things thingsof tblngi thingsof
of which I have not thought for or months monthsand 10nths 10nthsanl mnonthand I
and anl perhaps erhols the next day dlY some trifling trlflng
thing would call clI my attention nttenton to them themand themnnd Itemand
and then tbel ployly plowl but surely I would re recall recU rocall
call cU my drcanl dreal of ofthe the night nigh before which whichI whichI
I had teen Leon been perhaps all 11 the tlo morning mornIng try ¬
ing to remember Sometimes1 SomellnH At iI lit l this thiscase IbIscase thiscase I
case the dream dre I is 1 so faint fllnt as to require requiretho r qUlra qUlratbe
tho lie one furnished by the event to make makemo makoma makema
ma remember It I and sometimes the
dream drcsl Is so suggestive suggestve of oftio the event that thatI tbntI thatI
I look forward to it as something that lint I Iam Ial Iam
am al sure will wi happen happenI
I dreamed the other night nllht of being in ina Ina ina
a battle bate agiln agoll with wlh iny myoid old regiment in intho 11 inthe
tho Army ot the Potomac but among all alltho al allthe
tho faces flces that surrounded me I could couldpick couldpick couldpick
pick out but one that was as familiar flmlnr to me meand meand meand
and that ono belonged to a man whom I
had not seen seel since the war and had only
heard of Incidentally Ilcldentaly several years year ago as 8
being located in some ot the tie Western Westerntcrritorltlcs Westernlerrlorltes Westeraterritorities
tcrritorltlcs lerrlorltes Tho next n xt day I was M called caled 1
to see a family rumlyon on North Capitol Capiol street streetprofessionally streetprlfesslonnly streetprofessionally
professionally prlfesslonnly It was a 0 new family famiy I Ibad
bad called clel on and lud Is I my custom custOI under undersuch unier uniersuch undersuch
such circumstances I
elrcumstancls attempted atempted to get getacquainted getIlclualnted getacquainted
acquainted Ilclualnted with them and entered Into Intogeneral Intogeneml intogeneral
geneml general conversation cnversaton for that purpose purposelhe
The conversation conversnton finally fllly drilled around aroundto aruld aruldto
to army life le and I casually clsunly mentioned mentionedthe mentoned mentonedthe
the regiment to which I had belonged belongedand belongeand belongedand
and which I might mention mentol was not notraised notmlsed notraised
raised either In or about a out my former home
No sooner had I mentioned mentoned It than the
lady of the lie house spoke up and said sld
Why h that is tho regiment to which my
soninlaw belonged John Johl L and andsho audshe andshe
she mentioned the name n810 of the man mal of ofwhom ofwh01 ofwhom
whom wh01 I hid hl dreamed a few hours before beforeand beforeand
lefore leforennll
and nnll a name that I had ha not heard uttered utteredfor utered uteredfor utt00d utt00dfor
for nearly nearly SO years rClrs at least Why did dil I
dream of of him hllumong among all al my companions companionsof comp110ns
of the wart war Or dreaming of him why
was I called 0led the very next day to treat treatone treatone treatone
one of his relatives relatves verf I do not know but
I do know I have hao met with hundreds bunlreds of oflike ofIko oflike
like Iko Instances In my experience eperlenco I am amnot amnot amnot
not naturally natufly superstitious superstlltua and can cl not
believe beleve In supernatural agencies I am amsometimes al amsonietirnes
sometimes sometmes though impelled Impe ofencics ed to believe belevo
that our thoughts uncontrolled ulcontrolc by b the
dictates dlctte8 of our will wi become refined refne and andsubtle Ind Indsuble antisubtle
subtle monitors
suble and that our dreams dreals are
ae
the result resul of a more subtle subte reasoning reasoningcondition reasoningpower
power that we possess In our iormal iormalcondition
condition of wakcfulness I
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