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The suburban citizen. (Washington, D.C.) 1891-1902, May 03, 1902, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016357/1902-05-03/ed-1/seq-8/

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WHERE INSTINCT INSTINCTBj FAILS FAILSBy
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Bj J Carter Beard BeardI BeardT
T ET the reader as he finds ocr oc ocI OCt OCtcnslon
U I I r n caslon and opportunity try trythe trythe trythe
° the following experiment experimentTake expellmentTake experimentTake
Take a deep wide vldemoutbed vldemoutbedar mouthed mouthedInr mouthedar
Inr ar say from seventeen to twenty twentylaches twentyktches twentybches
laches Ion long with a neck from five to
leven inches In diameter In this im imprison 1mprison Imprison
prison n bee and two or three flies fliesPlace 1IlesPlace filesPlace
Place the bottom of the Jar squarely squareligainst squarelytgalnst squarelytgainst
igainst a pane In the window Indo drop dropthe dropthe dropthe
the curtains about the jar and unstopIts unstop unstopUs nnstopIts
Its mouth The flies will invariably invariablynake Invariablynake invariablynake
nake the most of the opportunity given glventhem giventhem giventhem
them to escape the bee on the con contrary contrllry conCrary ¬
trary though popularly supposed to tooe tooe tooe
oe the wisest of Insects will buzz in innely Ins Inssnely Innely
snely nely about the closed end through throughwhich throughwhich throughwhich
which the light comes without seeking seekingto
to escape In any other direction Light Lightand
and liberty with the bee are synonyms synonymsand synonymsand synonymsand
and she will perish rather rn ther than provefalse
false to her convictions You can keep keepher
her confined with the back door of betprison
prison house wide open as long Ion I as you youchoose
choose she will never find her way wayout
out outMr Mr Ir Fly on the contrary an idle fel fellow CellOW fellow ¬
low a man about town whose ir irregular 11 11regulnr lrregular ¬
regular habits subject him to innum innumerable Innumerable inaumerable
erable perils has developed a facultyfor facult faculttor
tor getting out of scrapes which thouglperhaps
perhaps not equal to that he possessesfor
for getting Into them is superior tq t
first escaped from the jar made his ldsway hisway hisway
way These pitcher plants are the thetippling thetippling thetippling
tippling places of fast insects of var various varlous varsous ¬
ious sorts particularly dies Spreadabout Spread Spreadabout Sprendabout
about the opening to the vegetable saloons sa soloons saloons
loons is a regular tree freelunch lunch counter counteropeu counteropen counteropen
open to all comers Mr Ir Fly l < ly attracted attractedby attractedby attractedby
by the drops of nectar upon the cur curious curlous curbus ¬
ious leaf of the Sarracenla unsuspectingly unsus unsuspectingly unsuspectlngly ¬
pectingly follows the trail of treach treacherous hencherous treacherous ¬
erous sweetness to the portals of thevegetable the thevegetable thevegetable
vegetable saloon where the nectar Is Isabundant isa isabundant
abundant abundantHe a abundantHe b1ndantHe
He is a thirsty individual perhaps perhapshis perhapsIlls perhapshis
his free lunch makes him more so and andthe andthe andthe
the cool green depths of the pitcherplant pitcher pitcherplant pitcherplant
plant contain a store of tempting li liquid 11quid Ilquid ¬
quid refreshment He crosses the hos hospitable hos111t3ble boapitable ¬
pitable threshold and enters what is isto Isto isto
to him a I spacious and elegant apart apartment apartment apartment ¬
ment strolling along stopping here hereand herean hereand
and an there to sip a drop of nectar until untilhe untilhe untilhe
he is well within the walls of the en enfolded entallied enfolded ¬
folded leaf Here he encounters a aglazed aglazed aglazed
glazed zone a portion of the leaf ofsuch of ofsuch atsuch
such a peculiarly smooth and slippery slipperysurface slipperysurface slipperysurface
surface consisting of delicate over overlapping overlapping overlapping
lapping glossy hairs upon which even
he that can walk upside down upon aglass a aglass aglass
glass skylight finds it difficult to keep keephis Ieephis keephis
his footing He slips and falls but butspreading butspleadlng
spreading his wings flies and attempts attemptsto
to alight on the opposite side a littlefurther little littlei
I i further down perhaps to avoid the
anything of the sort his more indus industrious Industrlous Industrlous ¬
trlous compeer can boast of ofNear ofNear ofNear
Near the cottage where an experi experiment experlment experiwent ¬
ment similar to the one here described describedwas describedWill describedwas
was in pursuance of the suggestion of ofSir ofSir ofSir
Sir John Lubbock tried grew some somepitcher somepitcher somepitcher
pitcher plants and toward these as if ifto Itto Ifto
to show that the instinct of flies also alsota alsohAa alsohas
has ta it lie limitation lImUA tin tlm nrUnner that thatM
M xsauwm awaeoae4 + nea gsa
slippery zone but encounters a sur surface surtac surface ¬
face tac thickly set with stiff downward downwardpointing downwarllpointing downwardpointing
pointing hairs that affords him no nofooting notooting nofooting
footing and even if he succeeds with withthe withthl withthe
the greatest difficulty dii lculty In n alighting pre prevents preents prevents ¬
vents ents his progress upward Taking TakingBight Takingflight laklngllgbt
Bight again and pounding against the thewalls thowalls thewalls
walls bewildered tired perhaps stupe stupefled stupefipll stupefind
fled or Intoxicated by the food he ban h811I haslyy
I
+ lyy aqaxrreNxew + Lnvnxn L
taken he inevitably sooner or later laterfalls latertolls laterfalls
falls into the liquid at the bottom of ofthe ottbe ofthe
the tubular leaf a pool of death la lawhich 13which lawhich
which arc uro already imprisoned the thebodies thebodies thebodies
bodies of numerous previous victims victimsand victimsand victimsand
and so incontinently becomes a subject subjectto
to point a temperance lecture or adorn adorna
a tale taleSome taleSome talcSome
Some very interesting and amusing amusingexperiments amusingexperiments amusingexperiments
experiments have been mode in en endeavoring endeavorlng endeavoring ¬
deavoring to determine the nature of
the instinctive faculty that Impels the tbemason themason
mason bees to build their curiou curioustructures curious curiousstructures curlewsstructures
structures Mason bees fashion nest nestof neSts neStsot nestsof
of very solid masonry Ohalicodom Ohalicodommurarla Ohl1l1codomamurarla Challcodomamurarla
murarla is solitary in her habits sh shconstructs she sbeconstructs sheconstructs
constructs her habitation alone an anunaided and andunaided andunaided
unaided usually selecting a bowlder bowldeof bowlderot
of considerable considerable size as a solid basl baslupon basis basisupon basisupon
upon which to build an adobe edifice edlficof edificeot edificeof
of a suitable sort of earth moistened molstenewith moistenedwith moistenedwith
with her own saliva When this tblsls tblslsabout J Jabout is isabout
about an inch high she proceeds to fill fillit 1111It fillit
it about half full of honey and o opollen qt qtJollen of ofpollen
pollen Jollen lays an egg on it and close closeit closcsit closesit
it over with a root of cement After Aftcieight Aftel Afteleight Aftereight
eight or nine of these cells have bcei bceicompleted been beencompleted beencompleted
completed she adds nn additional pro protectlon ptotectlon potection
tectlon a thick layer of mortar placed placetover placedover placedover
over the entire construction constructionA
A cell in an early stage of construc construction constnlctlOD construen ¬
tion was taken away awayand and In place o oIt of ofIt ofIt
It was substituted one already built bullaud builtand builtand
and stored with honey and pollen One Otuwould Onewould Onewould
would In such a case naturally sup suppose suppose suppose
pose that the mason bee glad to b bsaved be besl1ed besaved
saved so much labor would slmpl slmplsupply simply simplysupply simplysupply
supply the necessary egg and seal ui uithe up upthe upthe
the cell But no indeed the regular regularancient reularancient regularancient
ancient and established custom In thrChallcodoma tileChallcodoma
Challcodoma order of procedure Is fa1 fa1too tar tartoo fartoo
too Important to be disturbed by bylittle a alittle alittle
little thing thin like IIkothls this the bee calml calmlgoes calmly calmlygo calmlygoes
goes go s on building until the cell is built bullup builtup
up as much as a third more than tb tbproper the theproper <
proper height then although a su suflcleiicy sur surtlclencyot sufficiency
flcleiicy tlclencyot of provision for the larvae larvarhad larvaehod
had been already supplied she wastelabor wnsteslabor
labor In adding thereunto a sccon scconand second
and a supcrcrogatlvc store of food foodAnother tooeJAnother foodAnother
Another experiment consisted ct ofpiercing c cpiercing ctplerclnl
piercing a hole In the cell below tbi tbipart the thepalt
part where the bee had been working workingIn
In this case the bee Is s of the same samigenus sameenus
genus enus but of a different species from fronthat tromthat fromthat
that just described It is the Challco Challcodouin Cbollcodoma Challcodoma
doma pyrenalca This species build buildcells builds buildscells buildcells
cells as does the other but fills then thenwith themwith the thewith
with honey as she goes on raising tb tbwalls the tbewalls thewalls <
walls a bit blti then going on several ex oxpedltlons expedltlons expeditions
pedltlons for honey then building ui uithe UIIthe upthe
the walls again and so on until tb tbcell the thecell thcell <
cell Is finished finishedA
A cell was chosen which was almos almoscompleted almostcompletcl1 almoscompleted
completed and while the bee was awn awna awaa away awaya
a bole was pierced in the cell belovwhere below belowwhere belowwhere
where the bee was working allowing allowlnithe allowingthe
the honey In the cell to gradually es eacape escape escape
cape Entirely l < ntlrely Ignoring an incident incldcnso Incldenlso
so contrary contrarytoprecedentand to precedent and establish establishusage established establishedusnge establishedusage
usage the bee on her return calml calmlworked calmly calmlyworked calmlyworked
worked away as It nothing had hap happened hoppened happened
pened adding mortar to the edges o othe 01 01the ofthe
the cell and honey which immediately Immedlotelran immediatelyran
ran out leaving the nest empty Till Thliexperiment Tilleperlment Thuexperiment
experiment was repeated many time tlmowith timewith timerwith
with differences of details but non nonin nonlIn nonIn <
in the results As it might possibly blconjectured b bconjectured bl blconjectured
conjectured that the bee bad failed falleito tolleto failedto
to notice the Injury a cell was selectei selecteiwhich aelectecwhich electetwhich
which had but a very little honey ItIt Ii Iiit It ItIt
It it A large hole was made in this tbliwhich thl8which thiswhich
which the bee returning with the bone bonecertainly honeJcertainly
certainly noticed for she went dow dowto doWtto dowto
to the bottom of her cell and not on onexamined onlJ onlJeumlned onl onlexamined
examined the aperture carefully bufelt bu bufelt bufelt
felt Its edges eges with her antennae anipushed ani 4QI11ushed an anpushed
pushed them through it Did she then thenas thenas the theas
as might naturally be supposed sto stoit stol stojit stolIt
it up Not at all To do so o would b bto hito bto
to prove false to all the traditions o oher 0her oher
her face lacebe be a dioarture from the
memorial usages of the Ohallcodom Chalicodomfans Ohallcodominns OhollcodomInns
inns and Introduce a new new and a dls disturbing dlsturblng dlsturbing ¬
turbing element into the ancient and andhonorable andhonorable andhonorable
honorable order of mason bees beesHowever beesHowever beesHowever
However this is the poor devoted devotedcreature devotellcreature devotedcreature
creature went on emptying into this thisvessel tblscssel thisvessel
vessel cssel load oad after load of honey which whichas vhlchItS
ItS a matter of course escaped at the thebottom thebottom thebottom
bottom as fast as she emptied it at the thetop thetop thetop
top All of one long hot summer af afternoon ntteluoon attornoon ¬
ternoon did she labor at this bootless bootlesstask bootlesstask bootlesstask
task and began again next morning morningAt
At last wh when n regardless of the result resultshe resultsho resultshe
she had performed her prescribed duty dutyIn dutyIn dutyin
In the prescribed manner made die thecustomary tliecustomary diecustomary
customary amount of journeys and andsupplied andsupplied andsupplied
supplied the usual amount of honey honeyshe honeyshe honeyshe
she conscientiously laid her egg andclosed and andclosed andclosed
closed up the empty cell cellIt cellrt cellIt
It is quite common to speak of the theintelligence thelntelllgenc theintelligence
intelligence of insects Ins cts but It really reallyseems renllyseems reallyseems
seems In the light of recent scientific scientificinvestigations scientificInvestigations scientificinvestigations
investigations almost as correct tospeak to tospeal tosl1eal
speak of the Intelligence of a watch watchInsects watchInsects watchinsects
Insects doubtless accomplish wonder wonderful wonderCuI wonderful ¬
ful results but such results seem tobe to tobe tobe
be effected as are the equally won wonderful wondertul wonderful ¬
derful adaptations of means to an end endby endby endby
by the vital organs In our own bodies bodiesby bodIesby bodiesby
by automatic unconscious and unln unintelligent unlntelllgent unlntelligent ¬
telligent obedience to Internal or ex external ex external external ¬
ternal stimuli stlmullSclentlfic Scientific American AmericanPUMPKIN AmericanPUMPKIN AmericanPUMPKIN
PUMPKIN THATS A WHOPPER WHOPPERA
A FonrYear Four FourYearOld YearOld Old Girl Can Stand Inside InsideThis InlldeThl mildThis e
This Thl California RecordBreaker RecordBreakerAt Iiecord Breaker BreakerAt
At the exhibition of farm products productsheld prcductsheld productsheld
held last fall under the auspices of the theAmerican theAmerican theAmerican
American Institute in New York City
a pumpkin raised on Long Island wasexhibited was wasexhibited WIlSexhibited
exhibited and was the centre of inter interest Interest interest ¬
est to the farmers who attended tho thoshow thoshow theshow
show This pumpkin was about twoand two twoand twoand
and a n half feet in height and was con considered consldered considered ¬
sidered a wonder wonderCalifornia wonderCalltornla wonderCalifornia
California however produces pump pumpkins pumpklns pumpkins
kins that put tho Long Island product productto
to shame One was exhibited there thererecently thererecently thererecently
recently which was a whopper Itwas It Itwas Itwas
was so large that after an opening had hadbeen hadbean hadbeen
been made in the top nnd the pulp re removed reo reomoved removed ¬
moved there was room enough inside insideto Insideto insideto
to allow a fouryearold girl to stand standthere stanllthere standthere
there Photographs were taken to toprove toprove toprove
prove how large the pumpkin really reallywas reallyvas reallywas
was so that not even the sceptical scepticalfarmers scepticaltarmers scepticalfarmers
farmers of the East can express doubts doubtsabout doubtsabout doubtsabout
about it ItNew New York Sun SunGeographical SunGfJoltraphlca SunGeographical
Geographical Centre or the Union UnionThis UnionThIs UnionThis
This monument at Fort Riley Kan Kanmarks Kanmarks Kenmarks
marks tho geographical centre ntre of the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States It wa wall not erected for
the purposes of designating such suchtalrt a afact
fact but was placed there out of at affection attectlon atfectlon ¬
fection on the part Jart of Joseph O Saw Sawyer ¬
yer railroad builder for Major Edmund Ed Edmund Edmund ¬
mund Ogden U S A who died at atFort atFort
Fort Riley in 1850 1850A 185GA
A Jar That Whittle WhittleThe WhIlUeThe SvhladlenThe
The piece of Inca pottery here shown shownsays shownsays
says the Southern Workman Is an in interesting Interestlng inwhistling ¬
teresting whistling water croft con ¬
sisting g of two water jars connected connectedby connectedbYIl
by bYIl a handle One jar has for the stop stopper stopper
per a bird that whistles as the water waterIs waterIs wateropposite
Is poured Into the tube of tho opposite oppositejar oppositejar oppositemany
jar Very few museums have many manyt manyperetct
t perefct specimens pf the black Inca Incapottery I C4 C4pottery
pottery The Peabody Museum of ofr
r Harvard University probably has the thebait thebnlt
bait collection in the United States
A AWEBER AWEBERH r WEBER WEBERHard WEBERHardware
Hard Hardware H ware D DPaints Paints
813 IflRYLM r ARYLA D AVE N E EManufacturer EManufacturer Ea EaManufacturer
Manufacturer of Ready Mixed Paints Home Wall WallColors WaIlColors WallColors
Colors c cISHEO cy
y Pg1J5HFp ISHEO F e < 5peci 3pecial Special d Offer OfferaRIaet fer ferFor
+ M raaaaas raaaaasFor
aRIaet For all Dental Work Will Save Saveall saveall saver
r all teeth that is possible A good set setof setof setof
of artificial teeth for 5 All Al workguaranteed work workguaranteed Workgu
guaranteed guaranteedThe gu guaranteedThe ran teed teedThe
The Evans Dental ental Parlors
1309 F STREET N W WNO WNO V VNO
i
NO BRANCH OFFICE
VVVV YJrtt7 r1rYYYYYtLarfYCYYyVV r1rYYYYYtLarfYCYYyVVAS
HAS AS WE JOURNEY THROUGH LIFE LIFELET LIFELET LIFELET
LET US LIVE BY THE WAY WAYWE WAYWC Jt JtWf
WE HflYE Hnv THE TH VEHICLE END Or 0 ITIn IT ITIn ITIn
In our salesrooms sales rooms you will find on exhibition exhibitionPLEASURE exhibitionPLEASURE exhibitionPLEASURE
PLEASURE am amCARRIAGES and andQRIYING asaaxdIXRIVIATG
QRIYING IXRIVIATGCARRIAGES
i CARRIAGES CARRIAGESOf CARRIAGES CARRIAGESOf
Of various grades in suitable variety varietyW We e build buildwork
0 work to order and sell manufactured goods such as asHarness asHarness
0 Harness Whips Laprobes Blankets c cBLflCKSniTHINQ ci cDLRCKSMITIIINC
i BLflCKSniTHINQ IN ALL ILL ITS BRANCHES BRANCHESJ IlANtHfsJ
J Aa A WINEBERGER WINEBERGERX600
5600 600 BRIGHTWOOD AVENUE N W WDONT Wua WDONT
ua z JB LilI LilII
I DONT EAT < < Only the Best BestPOOR BestPOOR BestPOOR
POOR MEATS MEATSWHEN
WHEN YOU CAN BUY FROM US USDelicious usI USDelicious
Delicious I > Hams Tongues TonguesMildCured ronguesMildCured TonguesMildCured
MildCured Bacon Prime PrimeBeef PrimeBeef PrimeBeef
Beef Fresh Pork and andReliable andReliable andReliable
Reliable Sausage SausageANDREW SausageANDREW
1 ANDREW LOEFFLER LOEFFLERWholesale LOEFFLERWholesale
Wholesale and Retail Dealer DealerSTANDS DealerSTANDS DealerSTANDS
STANDS
640 643 64 Centre CentroMarket Market 7 71 O OStreet Street Market Market6I8
618 626 6a N L Harket 65 5 Western Market
33 Northeast Market MarketResidence MarketRCJldenco MarketResidence
Residence and FactoryBRIQHTWOOD Pactury RlottTWOOD AVENUE AVENUEssfflBsssrasssa AVENueNilfi3
ssfflBsssrasssa Nilfi3 Q4
I
4
l
THE GREAT GREATTONIC GREATTONIC GREATTONIC
TONIC LAXATIVE LAXATIVEIf
If you have sour stomach Indigestion biliousness bllIousneSllconstipatlon constipation bad badbreath bactbreath badbreath
breath dizziness inactive liver heartburn kidney tremblco backache Ions Ionsof JOGsor Ioe9of
of appetite Insomnia Insomnla1tck lack of energy bad blood blotched or muddy aUn aUnor eJdnor 5 5or
or hay symptoms and disorders which tell the story of bad bowels and an animpaired 811impaired anImpaired
impaired digestive system Lazakola WIU Cure You YouIt YonIt r rIt
It will clean out the bowels stimulate tho liver nnd kidneys strengthen strengthenthe
the mucous membranes of the stomach purify your blood ADd put you youon youon youwon
won on your feet again Your appetite will return your bowels move regu regularly regularly regularly ¬
larly your liver and kidneys cease to trouble you your you akin will clear ana annfreshen anafreshen Anllfreshen
freshen and you will feel tho old time energy and buoyancy buoyancyMothers buoiancytoUler buo ancy ancyldothers
Mothers toUler ecoldnff tho proper nodldno to giro their llttlo ones Gnc for constipation constipationdtanbea conatlpnUoDdlllnbea constipationd
dtanbea d snt a coUo and studio UntI r trouble will CAd loxnkola MI Wool medicine tor children ohlMronIt
ccta M WI a general tonlo oaslsUi oaslsUinature I88I aselatanature taJ taJDAtura
It keeps their bowels bow U regular irtttont I1t2JoU 1 > oln or grinlns
too oooted tongue reduce forte forteca taverc fevereaaeoe
nature aids dlaoattoa relieve rcsttca raetlneeuea8 A > M clear
ca c eaaeoe retreehlDg refrc UngTOetfnlBle rodtI1I deep < 3iirndmato and makes tiwmwell Com vclJ happy an4 hearty I3T OMMrvn OMMrvnHI 01lUdrmHob oAudrenIk
HI Hob Hand U and ad cat d fcrtt fcrttFor for 0 a aI itFr
I For Sato S by II Druggists Generally Generallyth c cIkda j jh
Ikda h Dot 0017 th the he mart oOletaol e IcI o vi tame fuallr 11 remtdkf uu but tk tke < moil I economic ecoaomkal ollleal tacuiM bec h hl hs rm rm1
l UnMrc now and nj s lade I rics and it t on one prim pm prj e JBc IIIc or Me Ac Al druggfcu Seed lor er Ira IraKOLA tin tina
10 a LAXAWLA KOLA OQU3 041 Aw Ion ueq N Y VaneS and mention Ion Ik the MM nec gf < your drvr drvrprose drunrttt dIU
prose 10 U1 addaw a rMCIpt d 110 000 < 10 nempa PI a poet cola all c olmaa pea PNP PNPI 1 117b
I 17b tin bath d lankoladaeleat Iualtola IdeDt fa Ian lot alOflC lord IbD time
11 y
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