Newspaper Page Text
THE SUNDAY HERALD, SUNDAY, JUNE 15, 1SQO.
r Kr A v r o P IrH HIr vH P IVirH Vh H
rQ - CO
" 5 E
w o (-;
y in s
.Ph g Q
tn t-i fn
a oj r
s .a o
C ,-5 -M
RECOIjLiBOTIOXS OF GKX. LiEK.
A Woman'8 Touclilnc Anecdotes of llio
FJglil About l'oterslmrs:.
Mrs. Itoeer A. Pryor iu Onco a Week.
His absolule freedom from all rancor raised
iblm above tbo prejudices uatural to a van-
quished party. He refused to accept anger or
hatred as guests into his bosom.
A widowed mother once brought him her sou
as a student in the college of which he was pres
ident, and bitterly expressed her indignation
.against the Government. "Madam," said Gen.
Lee, earnestly, "do not bring up your children
in hostility to the Government. We are now
one nation. Make your sous Americans."
A friend remembers a pleasant little incident
which occurred shortly before his death. Per-
ceiving him, at the gate of his home in Lexing
ton, in conversation with a poor tramp, to
whom he was giving alms, Geii. Lee explained,
"One of our old soldiers in want," presently
adding, "lie was not on our side, but that
doesn't signify." In this spirit he spent the
closing days o his life. In the- summer of 1S04
I lived in Petersburg, Va. Our men were iu
the trenches, frequent actions occurred between
the armies, and it was not unusual to leud our
bouses for tbo wounded and for the dead that
fell in battle. I often saw Gen. Lee, whoso
Iieadquarters were near me. When he assumed
command of the army he was fifty-four years
old, his hair and mustache were blacl:, and his
bright gray eyes shone under his dark brows.
Now, at the end of three and a half years, his
hair was bleached by anxiety, and although
nothing ever shook his serenity, his face had
grown gravo and lellectivo as he recognized the
serious position of his army.
Karly in September the shelling became in
tolerable and we retreated to Cottage Farm,
three miles from Petersburg. We had hardly
nnlved before- Gen. Leo made his headquarters
across the couutry road which passed in front
of the house, and Maj. Gen. Wilcox pitched his
tents up to our very doors. We had, in eiTect,
gone Into winter quarters with the army.
My husband was captured by the enemy in
November and incarcerated in Fort Lafayette.
The littlo family, overwhelmed by the news,
gathered around the hearthstone awaitiug en
couragement from the mother, who was com
pletely stunned by tlio sudden disaster, and who
was recalled at "last by hearing the clank of
spurs and a voice saylug, "Gen. Leo desires his
affectionate sympathies." The General had
paused at tho gate, where bo was waiting on bis
famous horso, Traveler, his face turned with
.sad interest toward my window.
Cottage Farm was on tho road between his
headquarters and Fort Gregg, tho fortification
which held Gen. Grant in check at that point.
1 saw Gen. Leo almost daily, going to this work
or to "llattcry Forty-live." On Sundays ho
regularly passed on his way to a littlo wooden
chapel, going often through sleet and rain,
bending his head to shield hib face from tho
.storm. Tho famine was severo that winter. Wo
lost all dread of tho thunderbolts in our light
with tho wolf at tho door. Wo subsisted on
bread from wbeateu Hour, unmixed with any
thing except this yeast which we made from a
little immortelle, tho "Life Everlasting," which
grows In tho fields of Yirgiuia. Occasionally
we were permitted to purchase, with flvo Con
federate dollars, tho head of a bullock from tho
commissary, every other part of the animal
being available for army rations.
Our breakfast was bread, and a drink which
avo made with one cup of milk, oue of molasses,
and plenty of hot water. For dluuer wo had at
HARRY BARTON and W. HENRY WALKER, Trustees.
ADDITION TO BBOOKLAND.
Situated immediately north of and adjoining the rapidly improv
ing' village of Brooklancl, and near terminus of the Electric Cars and
University Station. The most beautiful and most accessible to the
centre of the city of any subdivision in the District.
The cheapest lots, considering the character of the property, yet
For plats and terms call at the office of
BEDFORD W. WALKER, 1006 F street northwest.
first an island of bacon in a great sea of peas,
the island growing less as time went on, and
, finally disappearing altogether. For supper,
biscuits were toasted on the hearth and taken
j with the excellent eold water for which Cot
tage Farm is famous.
Sometimes a soldier would enter, and placing
upon the table a small parcel, withdraw too
quickly for remonstrance or thanks. This was
heart-breaking. The poor fellows were in the
! greatest destitution. The parcel would contain
, his month's ration of coffee, sugar, or candles.
Our only lights were from knots of pine
wood or a string, which, when dipped In wax,
I was wound round a bottle. The darkness of
, tho long nights, listening to picket-firing, was
1 harrowing to delicate nerves.
Things were in this condition when I was re-
questedto give a room in the cottage to a guest
of Gen. Lee's the Hon. Tom Connolly, Irish
M. P. for Donegal. A room ? yes, certainly !
but bow was I to feed the M. P. V I was re-
i lievcd by being told he would bo rationed at
Mr. Connolly often dropped in at our biseuit-
, toasting, and assured us wo were better pro-
, vided than the commander-in-chief. "You
i should have seen Uncle Robert's dinner to-day,
i madam. He had two biscuits, and he gave me
one." Another time Mr. Connolly was in high
I feather: "We had a glorious dinner to-day !
Somebody sent Undo Robert a box of sar-
' On fine mornings quite a procession of littlo
I negroes, iu every phase of raggeduess, used to
pass my door, each bearing a present, from tho
I farmers' wives, of buttermilk in a tin pail for
i Gen. Lee. The army was threatened with
scurvy, and buttermilk, hominy, and every veg
I etablo that could be obtained was sent to tho
A few days before tho fall of Petersburg an
! orderly entered my little parlor, saying: "Gen.
Lee wishes to make his respects to'Mrs. Pryor."
The General was Immediately behind him. Ills
i face was lighted with tho anticipation of telling
mo ms good news, with tuo iimu-ured courtesy
and kindness which always distinguished his
manner, ho asked kindly after my welfare, and,
taking my littlo girl in his arms, began gently
to break bis news to me.
"How long, madam, was Gen. Pryor with mo
before he had a furlough V"
"He never had oue, I think," 1 answered.
"Well, did 1 not take good care of him until
wo camped hero so close to you ?"
"Certainly," I said, puzzled to know the
drift of these preliminaries.
"I sent him homo to you, I remember," ho
continued, "for a day or two, and you let tho
Yankees catch him. Now ho is coining back to
bo with you again on parole until ho is ex
changed. You must take better care of him in
I was too much overcomo to do more than
stammer a few words of thanks.
Presently he added: "What are you going to
6ay when 1 tell the General that in all this whi
ter you have never onco beeu to see mo J"
"Oh, Gen. Lee," I answered, "I had too much
mercy to join in your buttermilk persecution."
"Persecution !" ho said; such things keep u
alive. Last night when I reached my headquar
ters I found a card on my table with a hyacinth
pinned to it and these words: 'For Gen. Leo,
with a kiss !' Now," ho added, tapping hie
breast, "I have hero my hyacinth and my card
and I mean to find my kiss!"
Ho was amused by tho earnest eyes of my lit
tlo girl ns sho gazed into his face.
"I'lioy have a wonderful liking for soldiers,"
ho said. "I know ono littlo girl to givo up all
her pretty curls willingly that sho might look
liko Custis. 'Thoy miijhi cut my hair liko Cus
tis,' she said. Custis I whoso shaven bead doe3
not improve him iu any eyes but hers."
His manner was tho perfection of repose and
simplicity. As ho talked with mo I remembered
I had heard of this singular calmness, liven at
Gettysburg and at tho explosion of tho Crater
he had evinced no agitation or dismay. I did
not know then, as I do now, that nothing bad
ever approached the anguish of this moment,
when he had come to say an encouraging and
cheering word to me after abandoning all hope
of the success of the cause.
After talking a while and sending a kind mes
sage to my husband to greet him on his return
he rose, walked to the window, and looked over
the fields tho fields through which, not many
days afterward, he dug his last trenches.
1 was moved to say, "You only, General, can
tell me if it is worth my while to put the plough
share into those fields."
"Plaut your seeds, madam." he replied sadly,
adding after a moment, "tho doing It will be
I was answered. I thought then he had little
hope. 1 now know ho had none.
He had already remonstrated against further
resistance, asaiust the useless shedding of blond.
His protest had been unheeded. It remained
for him now to gather his forces for endurance
to the end.
Twenty days afterward his headquarters were
in ashes; ho had, led his famished army across
the Appomattox, and, telling them they had
done their duty and had nothing to regret, bade
them farewell forever.
THE AVASHINGTON POST OFFICE.
It Tliimllcs matter that Ought to Yield an
Annual ltovenue of Over $3,000,000.
Some weeks ago the Postmaster General or
dered that all mall matter received at tho City
Post Oillco here should bo carefully weighed
during the thirty days endiug on Juno 4, for
the purpose of obtalulng a close cstimato of tho
actual amount of matter handled by tho office.
There is a vast amount of matter from tho
Government Departments and from tho Capitol
sent through tho Washington ofilce on which
no postage is paid, aud for which, consequently,
tho Washington ofilco gets no credit in tho
revenue showing of tho ofilce. Postmaster
Ross has prepared a statement of tho result of
the weighing ordered by tho Postmaster General,
and has transmitted ti to him in tho following
IIuii. John Wnnamaher, Postmaster General:
Sue; Tho report of tho weighing of maii3 for
the thirty days ended Juno 4, 1690, shows that
during that time 123,002 pounds of first-class
free matter wero despatched, which would
amount to 1,404,021 pounds per annum.
This at :)o. per lb. would brlnir to
this otllco an annual revenue of. . . .
Add 133 per cent., tho cstimato of in
crease if each uieco were weighed
and rated separately
Durimr tho samo thirty days olllclal
printed matter, (revenue stamps,
books, pamphlets, A:c.,) amounted
to 911.31)1 lbs., which would amount
for l:.' months to 10.030,33: lbs., and
atSe. per lb. to
Add cstimato us above, it welshed
separately, 10 percent., makintr...
Add registry feo on 218.208 ollleial
pieces, now registered free
The total number of prepaid pieces
Si (58, 180 00
for sumo period amounted to3,733,
3S7 (nostutro on samo Sl?,Uil.uO,;)
this lor 12 months would bo 41,800,
OUpiccesaml 511,813 00
Making tho grand total incomo of
tlie olliee for it year, upon the basis
ot tho last wolsrhhur S2,122,8T2 10
Tho estimated amount of $511,815 as com
pared with tho cashier's report of the receipts
of this oillco for tho four quarters ended March
31, 1890, $411,9S0.07, shows a considerable in
John W. Robs, Postmaster.
Subscribe for The Sunday Herald 20c.
per month, delivered at your residence
every Sunday morning.
AMONG THE STUDIOS.
James II. Moser expects to spend the sum
mer near Gloucester, Mass., and on the New
England Coast. Ho is confining himself strictly
to water colors. He sold his picture entitled
"Blackberry Jam." which was hung at the Buf
falo exhibition. Mr. Moser spent two weeks
of May in Cornwall, Conn., painting apple
blossoms. He is a hard student, aud is'making
very satisfactory progress in his art.
W. II. Holmes is doing a lot of work iu water
colors. His studio presents a panorama of
landscapes and figures exquisitely handled.
Mr. Holmes is one of our best water-color art
its, and Is quietly doing bis share toward mak
ing Washington a recognized art centre.
George B. Matthews has been up in Virginia
for some time filling some orders which he has
S. Jerome Uhl is doing a largo amount of
work just now, principally iu portraits, in his
usual 6trong manner, lie expects to leave for
the summer as soon as he can get the work fin
ished he has on hand.
U. S. J. Dunbar is very busy at present
roughing out llio bust of tho late Thomas A.
Hendricks iu marble for the LT. S. Senate. He
expects to be about three weeks yet in finishing
it if he has no interruption or accident.
Rlue Ridgo Park, on Stony Man Mountain,
near Luray, has lately become an object of in
terest to some of our art students, who have
formed a sketching party, which will spend
two or more delightful months studying the
landscape and tho quaint mountain characters
of tho vicinity. Tho party expected to bo off
by the 20th, but cannot now get away before
tho 1st of Julv.
Odd Attire in EnIuml.
From London Letter to Chicago News.
The English seem strangely indifferent to
dress. One can wear nlmost any kind of ap
parel here and not excite coninieut. I have seen
things parading tho streets hero iu London that
would create a riot in the States, yet hero no
body paid any attention to them. Tho moro gro
tesquely a man is clad tho less attention ho at
tracts. At tho theatres ono sees remarkablo
sights, malo and female. Tho women wear con
spicuous costumes. At the Criterion one even
ing I saw a scrofulous-red woman clad in a fiery
red gown, the corsage of which was actually
plastered over with diamonds not real dia
monds, for very few ladles wear tho genuine
diamonds to the theatres. In fact, it seems to
Lo quite tho thing to blossom out In paste. I
have noticed that scrofulous-red females aro all
too common hero in London; tho redder thofaco
the redder the gown. Yet there maybe philoso
phy in this. I recollect that Mine. Modjeska
once told me: "Red worn below the face dead
ens tho complexion, worn above tlio face height
ens tho complexion. If, therefore, a woman
wishes to subdue tho color iu tho checks sho
should wear a red gown or plenty of red ribbons
about her throat; on the other hand, if 6ho
wishes to give her face a certain touch of color
let her wear u red hat or redfiowersinherhair."
Cheap Excursions to Atlantic City via
tho B. and O.
On Friday of each week during June, July,
and August tho Baltimore and Ohio R. R. will
sell excursion tickets to Atlantic City, good
going on train leaving B. and O. depot at 12
o'clock noon and good to return on any regular
train to and iucludiug tho followiug Tuesday,
at rate- of $5 for tho round tiip.
Subscribe for Tun Sunday IIbu aid 20c. per
month, delivered at your residence early Sunday
Q g c
.52 is -a
I I ! " I
I r M -a
o S 52 o
c u . ii u
.S "K is h
u aj o o ,u . 7
d - J3 c
O jc j X - CO 3
i3 p PQ
A NEW VIEW OF THE GYPSY.
A Writer "Who Declares Them to Ho the
I'urost Kaco on ISurth.
From tho N. Y. Commercial.
When one has earnestly studied gypsy chil
dren he has gained a deep knowledge of the
home ways and practices of the entire gypsy
race. Beginning the subject behind the little
ones the extraordinary physical temperance and
virtue of tho gypsy must be considered. A cer
tain kind of literature is full of romantic inci
dents based upon the irregularities of gypsy
female character. One and all they are con
scienceless libels upon the purest race that
exists. While gypsies are without law, as we
know it, no people live who moro rigorously
follow, iu fact and to the ultimate of spirit, the
highest and purest code of physical and moral
observance. They universally revere tho mar
riage relation. I say universally, and use that
word unqualifiedly. There is not an exception.
Tho religious faculty, as wo develop it aud dis
tort it, being wholly lacking in these nomads,
another seems to have taken Its place. That is
All this begins back of tho suckling babe at
its mother's breast. It is bred and iubrcd iu
pre-natal assimilated loyalty. The home gov
ernment being universally absolute and unques
tioning, and surveillance being ceaseless aud
almost merciless, gypsy children grow uncon
sciously, hereditarily, into virtuous lives and
loves. Believe it or not, gypsy men and
youths regard virtue of as noble perfection and
heritage in men as in sweetheart or wife; and
some idea of tho awful sacredness of that re
quirement in women may bo gained from tho
fact that infidelity on her part is punished by
tho most uneudurablo fate that can bv any pos
sibility come to her in this life utter and end
less expatriation. Moro than once tho lives of
such have been sacrificed with tho calm and un
varying approval of parents and friends, while
such a thing as disloyalty of wife to husband,
or husband to wife, after marriage has yet to
ho truly recorded of gypsy on tho European or
Press Department Providence and
Stoniugtoii Steamship Company,
New York, Pier :$0, N 11.
General Passenger Agents Briggs aud Bab
cock, of tho Providence and Stonington Steam
boat Company, are greatly pleased over tho
largo passenger business now being done by
their company. Tho steamers In commission
for tho season aro the Connecticut, Massachu
setts, Rhode Island, aud Stonington, They are
models of shipbuilder's art, elegauce, comfort,
and safety being tho prevailing features. Tour
ists and trav elers, and those Iu search of health
to tho noted watering-places in New England,
which these boats make the only direct couuoc
tlon, will fiud tho service of this lino on a high
order. Tho caffi dining saloons aud state-rooms
aro elegantly furnished and decorated. There
aro also set apart upon tho Connecticut aud
Massachusetts a section of state-rooms for ladies
who are traveling alone and who wish to bo
very exclusive, Tho state-rooms aro uuder tho
supervision of a capable and experienced stew
ardess, who attends to tho wauts of tho lady
passengers. Comfortable berths aro furnished
to first-class passengers free of charge. A fea
ture worthy of special meution is tho grand
concerts, uuder the direction of Professor Dou
niker. These boats leavo daily for Providence,
Boston, Bar Harbor, Worcester, Watch Hull,
Narragansett Pier, from Pier 29, North River,
New York City, at 5 o'clock P. M.
Why do I drink Tanuhauser beer?
it is tho best in tho market.