Newspaper Page Text
JVttir Jlltftftttg &itxn&l nklliKx:
JULY 20, 1SQO.
PAGES 9 TO 12
WILL the republicans under
take IT AT THIS SESSION?
They May, nnil then They May Not How It
Is Usually Done rowers of GongrcsB In
the PromlscB Former Reapportion
ments. Do the Republicans intend to pass a Re
apportionment act at this session of Congress,
based upon tho returns of the eleventh census ?
Rumor says they do, but Rumor probably ex
aggerates. It Is not impossible, however. All
that Congress requires for the purpose is to
know tho population of each State. The Con
stitution provides for taking the census every
ten years, and for reapportioning the House of
Representatives according to each census.
There seems to be nothing absolutely prohibi
tory of a reapportionment this year, but it has
not been customary to pass the reapportion
ment act until tho second year after the census
year. Tho last Reapportionment acts were
passed in 1802, 183, and 18S2, and it is probable
that tho work won't bo done in any greater "
hurry this time than formerly.
The Constitution gives Congress very wide
scope in determining how many members tho
llouso shall bo composed of. The minimum
limit is one member for each State; the max
imum limit is ouo Representative for every ten
thousand of population. According to these
limitations, and considering that we shall have
forty-four States represented in the next House,
and that tho census will show a population of
about sixty-five millions, Congress might de
cide that tho next House should be composed
or anything from 4,400 to 0,500 members.
The tendency, however, is not to decrease the
membership of tho House. For the present
House to voto, for instance, that Maine, which
has four members In the present House, should
have only two in the next would mean that
the present House would vote two Maine mem
bers out of office. The combination of selfish
ness and fellow feeling is generally strong
enough to prevent much of that kind of work.
The Maine members could not be expected to
voto for such a change, and they would have
probably enough sympathizers to defeat such .1
proposition. Tho present House has 330 mem
bers, and tho next one is liable to have close on
The first House of Representatives, which
was apportioned according to estimated popu
lation becausono census had yet been taken,
was composed of sixty-five members, 'distrib
uted as follows: New Hampshire, 3; Massa
chusetts, 8; Rhode Island, 1; Connecticut, 5;
New York, 6; New Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 8;
Delaware, 1; Maryland, 0; Virginia, 10; North
Carolina, 5; South Carolina," 5; Georgia, 3.
It will be noticed that Maryland, Virginia,
and Delaware had as many Representatives
then as they have now, and that New Hamp
shire and Connecticut actually had more then
The reapportionment act of 1S72 raised the
Houso to a membership of 2S3, and the act of
ten years later increased the number to 325.
The following tablo gives the apportionment
under the two acts, respectively:
Maine ! t
New Hampshire 2 3
Vermont 2 2
Massachusetts 11 12
Uhodelslagd 2 2
Connecticut 4 4
New York 32 34
New Jersey 7 7
Pennsylvania 20 28
Delawaro 1 1
Maryland 0 u
Virginia 0 10
North Carolina 8 0
South Carolina 5 7
Georgia 0 10
Alabama 7 8
Mississippi U 7
Louisiana 5 0
Ohio 20 21
Kentucky 10 11
Tennessee 0 10
Indiana 12 13
Illinois lit 20
Missouri 13 14
Arkansas 4 5
Michigan i) 11
Florida 1 2
Texas 0 11
Iowa 11 11
Wisconsin 8 0
California 4 0
Minnesota 3 ft
Oregon 1 1
Kansas 3 7
West Virginia 3 4
Nevada 1 1
Nebraska 1 3
On May 30, 1872, Congress passed a supple
mentary act adding nine members to tho Houso,
0110 each to Now Hampshire, Vermont, Now
York, Pennsylvania, Alabama, Louisiana, Ten
nessee, Indiana, and Florida, and raising tho
total membership to 292.
Tho reapportionment based on tho census of
18G0 was mado by an act of Congress approved
March 4, 1802. It was a very short act, merely
providing that after March 3, 1803, tho House
of Representatives should bo composed of 241
members, and that tho eight additional mem
bers should bo assigned one each to Pennsyl
vania, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, Iowa, Minne
sota, Vermont, and Rhode Island.
The Reapportionment acts approved, respec
tively, February 2, 1872, and February 25, 1882,
were longer documents, each containing a sec
tion provided for elections by tho State at largo
in cases whore the State Legislatures had not
redlstrlcted tho States before election day.
In case of au increased delegation the addi
tional members were to bo elected by tho State
at largo, and in case of a decrease tho entire
delegation was to bo elected by tho State at
largo. Tho new Reapportionment act soon to bo
passed will, of course, contain tho same pro
visions. Congress, while It has almost carle blanche to
determine tho aggregate representation, must
not discriminate between tho States, but must
give tho samo ratio of representation to all;
that is to say, equal population in South Caro
lina and Massachusetts must bo allowed equal
representation In tho House. Tho fourteenth
amendment to tho Constitution says:
"Representatives shall be apportioned among
tho several States according to their respectivo
numbers, counting tho whole number of per
sons in each State, excluding Indians not
Tho samo amendment, however, adds that
when tho right to voto is denied to any class of
citizens in any of tho States the representation
DOCTORS AND HYPNOTISM.
oojl. Io:BE:Ex, .ajnt hijs MICROSCOPE.
The Engineer Commissioncx Devotes Himself to Scientific Research, "While His Civil Colleagues Uoolc
Alter the Streets, Paries, ami Highways.
of the State in the House of Representatives
shall be reduced in proportion. The samo prin
ciple was reiterated in the sixth sectio'n of tho
Reapportionment act of 1872.
A serious question with tho Republicans now
is how they shall apply the principle to tho
Southern States in tho forthcoming Reapportion
ment bill. There is no doubt that some of the
Republicans contemplate reducing tho represen
tation of tho Southern States on tho presump
tion that large numbers of negroes are deprived
of the right of voting, and somo oven talk of
amending tho Constitution so that the represen
tation in Congress shall not bo based upon tho
population as shown by tho census, but upon
the voting population as shown by the'election
returns. Such an amendment of tho Constitu
tion, they think, would simplify the matter
greatly, and besides, they ask, Why should tho
representation be based upon population when
in many districts a largo proportion of tho pop
ulation aro not voters, nor even American citi
zens? Tho representation In Congress, they say,
should bo based upon citizenship In tho first
place, and regulated according to tho returns
of tho voting. A scheme based upon this idea
is certainly in contemplation by 6omo of the
With tho fourteenth amendment to tho Con
stitution threatening a diminution of represen
tation in proportion to tho suppression of
votes, with the same threat reiterated almost
word for word in tho Reapportionment act of
February 2, 1872, and with tho fifteenth amend
ment to the Constitution providing that tho
rights of citizens of tho United States to voto
shall not bo abridged by reason of raco, color,
or previous condition of servitude, tho turbu
lent spirits of tho Republican party now think
tho time has coino to "diminish tho representa
tion;" in other words, to cut down tho Demo
A Happy Party of European Tourists,
A congenial party of Washington ladles and
gentlemen sailed from New York on Saturday
by La Gascogno for a two months' tour of Eu
rope. Tho party consisted of Mr. Hralnard II,
Warner, Mr. Hralnard II. Warner, Jr.; Miss
Hesslo Warner, Col. George Truesdell, Mrs.
George Truesdell, Mr. George F. Truesdell,
Miss Anna Parker, Mr. John 13. Larner, Miss
Anita Ilendrio, Miss Lulu L. Wino, Mr. Walter
J. Willard, and Mr. John Joy Edson, Jr., of
Washington; Miss Bessio Hagcr, of Lancaster,
Pa., and Miss Llvlugood, of Reading, Pa.
The tour was specially arranged by Mr. Van
Wlckle, local agent of Henry Gazo fc Sons, tho
famous tourist agents of New York. They will
laud at Havro and proceed to Paris, where a
stay of a week will bo mado. Then a short
tour In Germany will be undertaken, stopping
at Mavcuce, Wiesbaden, aud Cologne, and
thence proceeding through Holland and Bel
gium to Englaud, Scotland, and Irelaud. Two
weeks will bo given to visiting the famous
cities and historic scenes in those countries.
Tho party will sail for home from Queenstown
via tho City of Romo aud Aurania on Septem
ber 7, reaching homo on the 14th. It cannot fall
to provo a delightful trlp.as Messrs, Gaze it Sons
have established an envlablo reputation for tho
caro with which they look to tho comfort of
those lu their charge.
Personally-conducted excursion Thursday,
July 24. Don't fail to secure seats in advance,
at 010 and 1351 Penusylvauia avenue. No extra
charge. Round trip, 1. Train leaves 1$. & O.
statiou at 10 A. M.
RUNNING A, SUBURBAN HENNERY
Thoro is a Great Deal More Prose Than
Poetry About It. 22;
A setting hen is the contraricst thing' in tbo
world except a woman! Did you over try to
"break up" a setting hen? You could break
your heart easier. Pull her oil tho nest and she
will meekly squat down and hug the earth until
you aro out of sight, when sho will get back into
tho nest, unleES you are cuto enough to head her
off by shutting it up. Is that discouraging to
herhenslilp? Not a bit of It. She will make an
other nest in an ompty barrel, or find a hole to
crawl under the barn, and sho will "set" there,
out of sight and reach of tho longest pole, until
sho Is dead, dead, before sho will givoin to you.
There is a great deal more prose than poetry
about tho delights of a "hennery" In a suburban
place. At first Keeping poultry is ono of tho
leading motives for selecting u semi-rural home.
Visions of fresh boiled eggs they do not tnsto
like storo eggs to tho connoisseur and omelets
beguilo you. Another vision is of pretty chicks
just out of the shell, dotting tho spring green
grass with httlo puffs of yellow down that rival
tbo golden dandelions lu beauty. Still another
idyllic dream you lmvo of early "broilers" that
don't cost soventy-fivo conts apiece. Hut a delu
sion more dolusivo than either or these is of eggs
to dlsposo of at tho highest rates, and "broilers"
worth their wolght in silver to tho market man,
who will come to your door and get them, gladly
dopositlng"hls silver, thus saving you all trouble.
Delusions, delusions all.
In tho first place, you buy twelve Leghorn
hens, becauso they aro such good layers. You
pay ono dollar aulcoo for thom, with fivo dollars
extra for a pure-blooded cock totako caro of this
harem. Then you find out that ti Leghorn Is all
legs nnd no body, and never would do for a
"broiler," much less a baked hen; so you pou
this Hook in by themselves, with a good nursery,
and invest in twelve Domlnioks or Brahmins for
llcsh aud body. Thcsocost but Uttlo less thtiu
tho first batch, and they must havo a soparato
house, with all tho modern conveniences at
tached. Tho Leghorns do lay nice largo eggs,
but you have no deslro to eat up you stock (cap!
ital) tho first year, therefore you buy all your
fowls for tho tablo the first Blx months, and you
feed your hens. My hens nover stop as long iib
there 18 anything to eat. They are always hungry,
and pick awuy ut something from dawn to dark.
'Thoy uctually consume a bushel of hard food
and u bushel of soft food u week, besldo all tho,
bugs and worms. If I so much us appear in tho
doorway they gather ubout mo in tho most Rffec-
Hmnt tntinnnift anmnt 111 fit tnntn i rm 14-
Is awful discouraging to u kind-hearted person I
nover to bo able to uppcase tuo uusatisileu appo
tito of oven 11 hen. When ono hen makes up her
mind to "set," all the hens In that Hock wants to
do tho same thing. They don't cousidor tho in
terests of their employers foranilnuto, or that
eggs aro up in the market, and that now is tho
time for madam to make money. Not much I
Every hen "strikes" will not lay an egg for love
or monoy, whllo thosoarlstooratio Leghorns, who
despiso housekeeping, aud will not attend to a
brood of chicks, oven they stop laying, and will
"cluck" and pretend to set tor days at u time,
resisting all a woman's art, until they get satis
fied. Then they stop of their own accord, having
mado a respectable feint of obeying Nuturo's
great law of ltfo alter sylf-ureservutiou repro
duction. It must havo beoii Methuselah who said,
"Don't count your ohlckeus until they uro
hatched, " or was it Noah, who penned off a littlo
corner of tho ark for a heuuery, who first found
out that eggs would break, spoil for want of
fertilization, got eaten up by rats or weazels,
and in a hundred othor ways got off tho track of
incubation before nature had performed her
perfect work? This spring ten hnns of good bo
havior in tho past commenced their life work on
as many dozen fresh eggs, with lrom ono to
three extras In n nest for good measure. Thero
ought to have been n hundred chicks lrom that
lintch, but what really is to-day is this: Ono old
hen walks round with one chicken, making as
much ado over it as if sho had ad07.cn, and what
mukes her behavior worse is sho looks so aggrn
vatlngly self-satisfied. It is all a kind-hearted
human can do to keep from murdering her and
converting her useless body into a savory chic
ken pie I Another of that Hock of ten scttiug
hens has fivo chickens, while two moro havo
eight apiece. All tho rest of those precious eggs,
which might havo been given to the poor aud
mado good food, or sold tor a prlco about Easter,
werouddledor broken, orsodcUiOiy. Tomnkoono
remember, It wero .wisdom not to count ono's
chickens before they are batched. Tho good
hennery-keeper nlwnys keeps account of stock,
food consumed, price, number of eggs gathered,
chickens brought out. etc. Do my eyes decelvo
mo? Twenty-four hens actually laid filtccn
hundred eggs in 11 year! Can it be? Whatover
bocamo of those eggs in a small family ? Thlrty
soven dollars aud fifty cents' worth of eggs.
'Hhey're gono into sundry boiled-egg breakfasts,
scrambled eggs, cake, ice-cream, and what not,
with nothing to show for them. On tho other
page I read that tho food for these chickens,
their warm breakfasts in winter, with moat once
a week, aud other luxuries, havo cost let mo
see. It can't be. Yes. it is sixty dollors in
round numbers ! Tho profits nro on tho wrong
side, but wo have had many a broiled chicken
and a roasted hen sinco first wo begun, with nice
white feathers saved for hummock cushions and
common pillows. Don't exclaim, oh, dainty
housewifo 1 Half tho geese fcathoisyou buy aro
only nicely propared Leghorn feathers. And
then wo havo learned a good deal about liens
that wo did not know boforo ! Experiouco Is tho
best teacher always. It is born in on our plastlo
mind that tho contraricst thing in tho univorHo
is u hen always excepting, a woman lor whon
sho will sho will and when she will not sho will
not that's tho ond of it !
Appendix Tho hennery is for Balo now.
Those contrary hens always wanted of all things
to bo in tho other Hook's yard. No inolosuro
could bo built high enough to keep thom ut homo.
And tho rooster had tornblo lights. Tbo dead or
dying hud to bo carried off tho filed by the exasper
ated keeper of tho honncrr. Thosnrvlvingcocks
all broke tho Elovonth Commandment more
than once, and now thero aro speokled feathers
on young Leghorns and long legs on Domlnlcks,
with hero and thoro a sporadic specimen of a
chicken that resembles somo romoto ancestor out
of whom Leghorns and Domlnioks wero origi
nally evolved. Thoy are living examples of tho
sins of tho fathers being visited upon tho chil
dren. Indeed, when in 11 moraliziug mood al
most any lesson In llfo can bo deduced from an
old poultry-yurd by ono experienced in tho poul
I. S. This lot will bo sold for half price, sinco
they aro not now of unadulterated breeds.
E. L. H.
Hot "Water for Sleeplessness.
From tho London Spectator.
A most wretched llcr-awako of thirty-fivo
years' standing, who for ten years has thought
himsolf happy if ho could got twenty minutes'
sleep in tho twenty -four hours, said: "I took hot
water a pint, comfortably hot, ono good hour
before each of my three meals aud one tho last
thing at night naturally, unmixed with any
thing else. Tho very first night I slept for threo
hours on end, turned around, and slept again
till morning. I havo faithfully and regularly
continued tho hot water, aud hayo never had
ono bad night 6luco. Pain gradually lessened
aud went, tho shattered nerves became calm and
strong, aud instead of each night being ono long
misery spent in wearying for tho morning thoy
aro all too short for tho sweet, refreshing bleep
I now enjoy."
Asaouroand preventive for spring lover
drink U. Portner Browing Co.'a boor.
WASHINGTON PHYSICIANS NOT PAY
ING MUCH ATTENTION TO IT.
"What Ono Physician Snw of Charcot' Kx
perimonts In Paris A Caso of Hypno
tism Hero Which Got a Youncr linn in
"Hypnotism has not been Introduced into
medical practice in Washington yet," said a
prominent young physician in answer to an in
quiry by a IIkhai.p representative the other day.
"It does not seem to attract attention among
the profession here In a serious way, although
tho medical .lournals havo devoted a great deal
of space of late to tho experiments of Charcot
and the other French physicians whoso names
are associated with hypnotism. Our medical
society has not discussed it at its meetings, aud
I don't think there is a physician in Washington
who knows anything of it experimentally.
"When I was In Paris several years ago," the
physician continued, "Charcot had already be
gun his experiments in hypnotism. This was .
long before tho papers took the matter up.
Charcot even then made use of it in treating
patients in tho clinic. I remember one day a
woman came to him saying she had severe neu
ralgic pains below tho region of tho heart so
severe that she was almost beside herself.
Charcot mado a few passes at her, In tho usual
style of the mesmerists or magicians, and told ' ,
her that she didn't feel the pains any more. .
She said it was true; the painshad left her as if,
by magic. 'Now, niadame,' Charcot said, 'you
will not have a return of them for two weeks
from this time, when you must come back hero ,
and see me.'
"The woman went away," the doctor contin
ued, "apparently very much relieved. "We were
all a good deal interested intliecxpeiimcut, my
self especially, as I understood nothing about
tho matter at that time, and looked on it rather
incredulously. So I made it a point to be o"n
hand two weeks from tho day on which the
woman came. She returned, sure enough, and
exactly at tho hour which Charcot had named.
She said she had had no return of the pain and
had been In her usual health. Charcot told her
the pain would not come back, aud we after
ward heard it had not."
-.UHutrisn't it. a far.t.doctpUiBkodherejBjijgiSBS ,
porter, "that those who are susceptible to tho
hypnotic inlluence are people of rather weak in
tellects or whoso nervous svstems arc shat
tered?" "Not as I understand it," the physician an
swered. "I believe almost anyone may be hyp
notized. Then there aro people whom it is ab
solutely impossible to bring under the inlluence.
High-strung, nervous people are more suscepti
ble to it than tho phlegmatic and dull. Brain
workers, people who lead sedentary lives, and
intellectual people generally are more apt to bo
subject to the hypnotic inlluence than workmen
and persons of that class. Women, too, are
more subject to It thau men."
"But Isn't It dangerous to the health of sub
jects?" "Some doctors say it is; that it not only in
jures the physical health of those who are hyp
notized, but fenpairs their intellectual poweis.
Others Insist that it does no harm at all; that
subjects havo been repeatedly hypnotized with
out showing the least injurious effects, cither
physically oT mentally. I'm rather inclined to
take this view of it myself, although, as I tell
you, 1 have nover experimented with hypnotism.
All I know about it I learned while in Paris and
from what I have read in tho medical journals
"Do you know if any American physicians
havo taken tho matter up practically at all?"
tho reporter inquired.
"Yes, I bcllevo something has been done with
it at Bellevue Hospital in Now York and in
Philadelphia. But no physicians aro willing as
yet to introduce It in their privato practice. Tho
exact nature of hypnotism and tho extent to
which it can bo used with safety aro not yet de
termined, and physicians aro chary about tak
ing it up. As it is easy to see, there are a great
many objections to tho introduction of any
thing of this kind into privato practice. Tho
uses thut might be mado of It by evil-disposed
people aro incalculable. This has been recog
nized in France and Germany, where, I believe,
laws have been recently passed forbidding
hypnotism In private. For this reason nearly
all tho experiments are conducted in the hos
pital clinics, oven by such men as Charcot."
"Did you ever know of an Instance in your
own experience where hypnotism had been
"Yes, thero was a caso hero a fow ycar6 ago,"
tho doctor answered. "It was a serious caso,
too, although there may havo been some doubt
as to whether It was really hypnotism or not.
But from what I could learn 1 think it was
something of tho kind. I knew tho youug
man who was accused of practicing it. Things
wero mado so warm for him by the relatives of
certain young ladies that ho had to leave town
and go West. Ho hasn't come hack yet, either.
I don't know what became of him. If tho
practice of hypnotizing peoplo over becomes
common it would bo very serious. I havo no
doubt wo will have a law against It in this
country before man years."
Summer Tours Along the Border.
Tho art of adveitislng in theso days lays
under contribution all tho graphic arts, aud tho
results are frequently nothing shoit of ex
quisite. A notable example of It is tho largo
volume on "Summer Tours" put out by tho
Rome, Watertowu and Ogdensburg Railroad.
This road, with Its immediate connections,
reaches all tho noted summer resorts of the
Northern lakes, tho River St. Lawreuce,
Canada, and northern New York and
Now England. Niagara Falls, tho Thou
sand Islands, the beautiful Adirondack Wilder
ness, Lake Champlaln, Treuton Falls, all aro
touched by tho road aud Its branches. This
road Is excellently managed, its cars are of
modern construction, and its summer tourist
rates aro low. Tho book of "Summer Tours" is
profusely and artistically illustrated, so that
glanciug through its pages ouo is filled with
an almost Irresistible impulse to drop work in
the heated city aud ily away to tho cool north
ern lakes aud forest glades. The book mav be
obtained by sending eleveu cents, in stamps, to
Theodore Butterfield, general passenger agent,
Oswego, N. Y.
Ratcllffp, Darr & Co., auctioueers, will sell on
Tuesday morning, July 22, at 10 o'clock, at their
sales-rooms, Uo l'cnusy lvnulu aven jo nortkwes
a collection of household goods.
fiir TffiUft m it,