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This only event of the week iu Army matters
of nuy unusual note lins been the publication of
an order that was recently Issued by Gen. Gib
bon, conidg. the Dept. Cal., to the effect that
"Officers on duty on courts-martial are In
structed that nothing but the proTidence of
God or an order from a higher authority will cx
cuso them for absence." The Army is now try
Juir, between Us laughing, to discover what Is
the "higher authority."
First Lieut, it. E. Thompson, Cth Inf., acting
signal officer, has been ordered to report to Maji
Clifford Comly, Ord. Dept., member of the
board of control and management of the Gov
ernment exhibit to represent the War Dept. at
the World's Columblau Exposition, for duty as
a member of the board of officers appointed
Nov. C, 1S90, for tho purpose of preparing esti
mates for space-room, plans, etc., for the War
Tho leave of absence granted Uapt. G. A.
Dodd, 3d Cav., Is extended 2 months.
Second Lieut. II. M. Hoach, 1st Inf., is as
signed to duty at Fort Monroe, Ya., for the
period of 0 months, with a view to obserTatlon
and treatment by the post surg.
The leave of absence granted Capt. S. L.
Woodward, 10th Cav., is extended 3 months.
Leave of absence for 0 months on surg.'s
certificate of disability, to take efTect upon be
ing relieved from his present duties by Capt.
CF. Powell, Corps of Engs., it grautcd 1st
Lt. H. M. Chittenden, Corps of Engs.
An Army retiring board having found Capt.
P. H. Remington, 19th Inf., incapacitated for
active service, tho extension of leave of ab
sence on account of disability is extended until
Bids were opened at the Ord. Bureau Thurs
day for supplying armor-plercine projectiles for
the new steel guns now being constructed for
sea-coast defense. The bids received were as
follows: Carpenter Steel Co., of Heading, Pa.,
S-ineh shot, $150 each, 10-inch 6hot, $2S5 each;
Midvale steel Co., of Pa., S-inch, $150, 10-Inch,
$2S7; Sterling Steel Co., of Pittsburg, S-Inch,
$300, 10-inch, $575. For the purpose of secur
ing a supply of armor-pierciDg projectiles Con
gress appropriated $100,000 to decide tho ques
tion as to whether or not American steelmakers
can produce shot and shell equal to those made
in Europe. Tho projectiles used in the An
napolis armor tests with such success were of
European manufacture, and it is the desire of
the ord. officers to stimulate steelmakers to
produce an equally powerful projectile in this
country. Two of the bids are thought to be
reasonable iu amount, the average price being
about 50 cents per pound.
The Secretary of War has ordered the iirst
examining boards under the law providing for
the examination of officers for promotion. A
board to meet at Washington Barracks, D. C,
will be composed of Lt. Col. La It. L. Liv
ingston, 3d Art.; Maj. E. Bainbridge. 3d Art.;
iMaj. R. H. White, surs;.; Maj. W. H. Powell,
22a Inf.; Maj. J. K. Corson, surg.; l6t Lt. C. B.
Satterlee, adjt. 3d Art., recorder. The officers
who have been ordered before the board for
examination are First Lt. J. E. Eastman, 2d
Art.: 1st Lt. S. R. Jones, 4th Art.; 1st Lt. K. E.
Thompson, 0th Inf.; ,l6t Lt.. C. A. Booth, 7th
Inf.; 1st Lt. F. A. Smith, 12th Inf.; 1st Lt. D.
H. Clark, 15th Inf.; IstLt. C. A. Williams, 21st
Inf.; 1st Lt. C. D. Cowles. 23d Inf.; 2d Lt. E.
A. Millar, 3d Art.; 2d Lt. H. C. Davis, 3d Art.;
2d Lt. J. W. Kuckman, 5th Art.; 2d Lt. E. S.
Avis, 5th Inf.; 2d Lt. A. B. Scott, 13th Inf.; 2d
Lt. A. S. Rowan, 15th Inf.
Capt. C. S. Smith, Ord. Dept., is ordered to
the L.S. proving ground, Sandy Hook, N.J.jthe
Watervliet Arsenal, West Troy, N. Y., and the
Builders' Iron Foundry, Providence, II. I., on
public business in connection with tho manufac
ture and test of guns.
Ex-Seeretary Lincoln was at tho War Dept.
Monday morning for a short time, and held
quite a reception among hU old official friends.
The body of the lato Gen. George Crook was
brought to tho city last Wednesday morning,
and at noon impressive services were held at
Arlington, where the casket was finally placed
The remains of tho late Gen. McKibben were
interred at Arlington Tuesday with military
honors. Tho pall-bearers were as follows :
From civil life Hon. G. O. Gorham, Mr. F. M.
Lewis ; from the Loyal Legion Adrn. J. J.
Almy, U. S. N.; Gen. I. N. Palmer, U. S. A'.;
Gen. Albert Ord way, late U. S. A.; Col. G. W.
Giie. l S. A.; Coi.G. A. Woodward, LI. S. A.;
Capt. R. W. Tyler, U. S. N.; Coradt. A. C.
Keilogg. l S. N.; Capt. O. P. Mannix, U. S.
M. C. 1 ho official committee from tho Loyal
.ucmuu iu uuoimuneo unuer us by-laws was
composed as follows : Gen. O. B. Wilcox, U.
S. A.; Gen. J. J. Reynolds, U. S. A.; Gen. D.
O. Card, U. S. A.; Gen. G. W. Clark, late U.
b. v.; Maj. 11. L. Cranford, late U. S. V.;
Adm. S. P. Carter. U. S. N.; Chief Eng. W. II.
Shock, U. S. N.; 1. A. Surg. R. T. E. Edes, L
Capt. J. F. Rogers, (J. M. Dept.; Capt. L. A.
La barrio, ust-t. surg.; Capt. W. L. Mnralmll,
Corps of Eiil'S., and Capt. C. W. Whipple, Ord.
Dopt., liavi been stalled forduty in connection
with the WorlrtV (tuluuibian Exposition, and
have been ordeied to report by letter to Maj.
Clifton Comly, Ord. Dept., representing tho
War Dept., lor instructions. These officers,
with Mjij. Comly us picMdent, aro constituted u
board to pirpuiv ibtunaU-s for space-room for
War Dept. exhibits, prepare tho exhibits, aud
detoi initio upon plmis for Government buildings.
Tlw following officer of tho Am7 have been
detailed at Willott' Point. N. Y., for instruc
tion In torpedo M'lvk-c: First Lt. Q. O'M
Gilinore, litli Cav.; 2d Lt. A. M. Hunter, -mi
Art.; Lt. ti L. Knisini, Hi Inf.; Herman Hall,
lth Jnr ; ('. II. ( 'oi-liruii, 7th Inf.; W. 11. Gor
don. lGtli Mil : W. K. Jones, Hth Iuf., and J.
U. I-Yer, 17th luf. '
Tho Ai my board appointed under tho provi
sions of u recent act of Congress, or which Col.
Cralguill, of the Eng. Corps, is president, to
investigate tho question of available sites for
gun factories, and which has already visited
Indianapolis, Rook Island, and tho Pacific
Coast, iu accordance with the terms of tho uct,
was in New Orleans during tho present week
for tho purpose of beginning an examination
of tho advantages of tho Gulf region.
Secretary Proctor has left tho city on a tour
of inspection, to bo gone a couple of weeks.
Gen. Grant is, as usual, acting as Secretary in
Upon tho recommendation of his co. conidr.,
Uprp. J. P. McCarten, of Co. D, 3d Batt., D.
0, National Guard, has been reduced to tho
rank of a private for irregular attendance at
THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.
Rear Admr. Charles Stcedman, retired, died
at his homo, in this city, Thursday evening.
His death was due to tile general breaking of
old age and a complication of diseases. Tho
funeral services will bo held at St. John's
Church at noon to-morrow. Tho remains will
be taken to Boston for Interment In Mount
P. A. Eng. Harrio Webster, late of tho Van
dalla during her Samoau experience, and now
of tho Nipsic, was In tho city during tho week
for a short time, on his leave. Ho is a George
town boy aud has inauy friends in this city.
When on waiting orders n couple of years ago
he engaged in journalism In a very successful
manner. He will soon take station in the Dept.
on duty iu the Bureau of Steam Engineering.
The wreck of the British cruiser Serpent has
caused considerable comment among the offi
cers of the Navy, reflecting credit to some ex
teut upon tho new ships ot this Government.
Tho accident is taken as u further proof that
tho smaller ships of the British Navy arc too
light in their coustiuctlon, a fact that has been
suspected for some time. The plans of certain
of our new vessels have been based on English
designs, but iu every case the frames have been
strengthened, so that tho calamity need cause
no fear of a repetition on this sido of the water.
The President has appointed P. R. Alger to
be professor of mathematics iu the Navy, with
relative rank of It., from Nov. 1, 1S90, and E.
K. Rawson to be same, Oct. 2S, 1S90.
Lieut. W. P. Day has been ordered to duty In
the Bureau of Equipment.
Lieut. A. F. Fechleter is ordered to duty in
the Naval Intelligence Office.
Professor W. W. Hendrickson has been de
tached from special duty in the Almanac Office.
The new gunboat Concord having been ready
for trial, tho trial board, of which Capt. Silas
Casey is president, met at Chester, Pa., Nov.
10 to examine the vessel and prepare for the
trial trip, which will probably take place next
Ensign Leroy M. Garrett has been ordered to
examination for promotion.
Chief Eng. G. II. White has been detached
from the Richmond and ordered to examination
Tho Jamestown and Portsmouth have arrived
at Hampton Roads.
Chief Eng. David Smith has been detached from
special duty connected with tho State, War, and
Navy Building aud ordered to duty as a mem
ber of tho steol inspection board. He was iu
charge of the recent extensive improvements
to the steam plant of the Signal Office Building
on .u street, in ms annual report to the Sec
retary of War Gen. Greely pays a well-deserved
compliment to Chief Eng. Thorn Williamson,
superintendent of the State, War, and Navy
Building, under whose general supervision this
work was done. He not only accomplished
the $9,000 worth of repairs appropriated for,
but managed to get $4,500 worth more out of
Lieut. W. S. Hughes has been ordered to
duty in charge of the branch Hydrographic
Office at New Orleans.
The Petrel is at New York.
Surg. Howard Smith has been placed on the
retired list from Nov. 10.
Lieut. Shroeder, commanding tho Vesuvius,
has reported to the Navy Dept from Tompkins
vllle, L. 1., that Monday night a car flat and
tug struck the Vesuvius end on, twisting the
stem seven inches and dishing in two bow plates
on each sido badly for four feet, bonding the
frames and two diagonals. There was no In
jury under the water. The Tessel was sent to
North River to take coal aboard, as tho con
tractors refused to deliver it elsewhere.
Tho President has appointed E. H. Green a
surg. in tho Navy, with the rank of It., and G.
W. McEIroy a P. A. eng., with tho rank of lt.
of the junior grade.
Using; Cats us Clocks.
From tho N. Y. Press.
Every one knows that cats can see in the dark,
and the reason they can do so is becauso of the
peculiar construction of their eyes. You may
havo noticed that iu a moderate light tho pupil
or black part In pussy's eye Is small and of an
oval shape, while in a full glare of light it be
comes narrow. Now, in the dark it expands to
a circle and nearly fills tho surface of tho eye
ball. Tills peculiarity of the cat'6 eyes is
turned to account in a curious manner by tho
Chlueso. The Abbo Hue relates that when ho
was traveling in China ho asked his attendant
what time it was. Tho man went over to a cat
that was quietly basking In tho sun, and, exam
ining 116 eyes, told tho Abbo that lt was about
two liouis after noon, and ou being questioned
how ho knew that he explained that tho pupils
of a cat's eyes were largest in tho morning, and
that they gradually grew smaller as the light in
creased, till they reached their minimum at
noon; that then they began to widen again, till
at night they once more became large, lho
good Abbo was filled with admiration for tho
ingenuity of a people who could uso cats as
clo. Its. But It must bo admitted that this way
of telling tho tlmo of day is rather a looso ono
and could only be trusted iu very clear and
serene weather, for temporary gloom or tho
daiknessof a storm would sadly denmgo your
four footed clock and put it all wrong.
An Attractive Collection.
Messrs. Ratcllffe, Darr & Co., auctioneers,
920 Pennsylvania avenue northwest, havo on
exhibition at their rooms a very attractive col
lection of fine new and second-hand furniture,
etc., of every description. This collection is
intended for sale by auction on Tuesday next,
November 18, at 10 o'clock A. M., and will be,
as 16 customary with this firm, sold exclusively
within the show-rooms, thus making it com
fortable aud agreeable for their patrons while
attending sales. Tho exhibition will continue
until tho hour of sale ou Tuesday, and 6hould
bo visited by persons in seureh of lino furni
ture. Moisting True Commonwealth Club.
Tho fourth regular meeting of tho True Com
monwealth Club will be held at tho residence
of Dr.T. A. Bland, 1121 Tenth street northwest,
to-morrow evening. The opening address will
be delivered by Rev. Alexauder Kent at 8
PNEUMATIC GUN OA.R1UAG13.
Imminently Sutisfnctory Testa Intorview
"Wlth President Creccy.
Upon inquiry at the office of tho Pneumatic
Gun Carrlago Company as to tho result of the
recent tests at Aunapolls of tho eight Inch car
riage built by tho company under contract
with the Secretary of tho Navy for the uso of
the Navy Department, a SfNiiw nuu.vi.u man
was Informed by Mr. C. E. Creccy, tho presi
dent ef tho company, that the tests demon
strated the fact that tho carrlago possesses
numerous advantages over tho carriages used
here and abroad, and more than sufficient to
insure the adoptiou of the entire pneumatic
system on all ton-Inch and higher calibre gun
carriages which aro now manmuvred by steam
or hydraulic power, both hero aud abroad.
The pneumatic recoil and eouutcr-rccoil check
possesses such important advantages over the
hydraulic recoil-check ot all sizes of carriages
now used here and In Europe (which 13 tho in
vention of an Englishman named Vavasscur)
that Mr. Creecy predicts Its universal adoption
by all forotgn naval powers In less than ono
year from this date.
Mr. Creecy says ho has road the report of tho
board on tho trials, but as tho Secretary has
not acted upon it he is not at liberty to give
out Its contents for publication. Mr. Creecy,
however, says that It Is eminently satisfactory
to his company. Mr. Crceoy says that tho
great advantage that tho pneumatic recoil
check possesses over the Vavasseur hydraulic
check now in universal use is that by the former
the gun is automatically, safely, surely, and in
stantly returned into battery after each flro in
any and all conditions of tho keel or list of the
ship. In a roll of the vessel tho present gravity
return carriages cannot return their guns into
battery for loading until tho opportunity is
given by the downward roll of the Tessol, and
valuable timo is lost a vital defect in battle and
one which renders the elevated sido of tho ship
useless and tho ship practically at the mercy
of its opponents. Tho pneumatic recoil check
remedies these grave defects. Foreign govern
ments have long been vainly endeavoring to
find some cure for this vital defect. Franco
has only partly succeeded in doing so by tho
adoption of tho unsatisfactory system consist
ing of the use of hand-jacks as a meaus of
returning guns to battery.
Mr. Creecy says that tho cylinders of tho
company's carrlago at Annapolis during the
tests were filled with 550 pounds of air at fivo
minutes of 11 o'clock and the compressor dis
connected and after firing ten rouads of full
service charges for rapidity, the time bciug
nine minutes and ten seconds, and then firing
the rounds deliberately and testing the train
ing, elevating, depressing, etc., it was found
the cylinders had not lost a pound of air in the
four hours occupied by tho tests. This demon
strates beyond any question that with a hand
pump the pueumatic recoil cylinders can bo
filled in a short time with air with no more
trouble than filling the hydraulic recoil cylin
der now in use with oil or water, and onco
filled the air will remain there without loss for
an indefinite period of tlmo.
"The pueumatic gun carriage has come to
stay," said Mr. Creecy.
The following despatch in yesterday's New
York Sun was shown to Mr. Creecy, and his
comment was that tho article was substantially
correct and evidently It was written by an ex
pert who know what ho was writing about:
Slnco the famous armor-plato trial at Annap
olis there havo been various other experiments
on tho sarao grounds which, although less sensa
tional in result, havo yet been important.
One of thesois tho tost of tho pneumatic gun
carriairo by u board of officers consisting- of
Capt. E. O. Matthews, Commander w. U. rjridg
man. Lieut. C. G. Bowman, BnsiirnP.lt. Alirer.
and Ensign It. I). Dashlell. In tho former trial
of this carrlago it had shown Bomo decided ad
vantages, but it was not recommended for adop
tion. In tho trial made tho other dny
tho pneumatic carrlago worked hotter, and
twenty rounds were llred from an 8-Inoh gun
mounted upon it. While tho report of tho
board is not yet made public, an iraprovemont
in the carriage over last year's trial seems to bo
conceded. In this system the work or loading,
depressing clovntlng, and aiming tbo gun
und of cheeking the recoil is effected
by tho pneumatic apparatus. Thero is
a gain in weight, but tho groat fcaturo
is that ono map can raanago both tho elevating
and traversing npparatus. and handlo tho car
rlago with ease and nccumcy. Of courso sucli a
result, If It can bo regularly relied upon, is of
great importance. Again, ainco tho recoil is
taken up by compressed air, which forms an
elastic cushion, both the carriage and the declc
aro relloved from sudden strain. In hydraulic
carriages tho gun is made to recoil up an incline
so that it may conio buck Into battery, and this
produoes a diagonal strain which comes partly
upon the deck. In tho p'nourantio carrlago tho
slides aroparallol to the deck nnd tho air com
pressed by tho rocoil sends tbo gun baok into the
battery. The facility of training was com
monded by tho board lust year, as well as tho re
duction In tho forco ot men rcauiroa for hand
ling, so that if tho objections then made to tho
carrlago havo ainco been overcomo tho result
will bo gratifying.
Ileal EkIiUc, lioanH, ami Iimiiranci.',
Loans negotiated at 6hort notico on approved
real estate security at low interest. Estates
carefully managed and insurance effocted.
Agent for tho People's, tho Columbia, and
other first-class flro insurance companies, also
agent for tho American Accldont, of Louis
ville, ivy. Special attention given to lho col
lecting und renting of property, and quick re
turns made for the same. Houses and lots for
sale in all parts of tho city at low figures and on
easy terms. Some raie bargains forinvestment.
Owners of property for rent can securo through
mo first-class and piompt-paying tenants. I
am also having dally demands from purchasers
for pioperty iu the noithwest and northeast.
If you havo property for sale it will pay you to
call on me, and if you wish to buy I can suit
you, I am sure. Remember tho name and
Place, H.utuv W. Dowi.ino,
Real Estato and Loans,
1003 G street northwest,
See advertisement in another column.
For the Most Popular Hoy or Girl.
Tun Sunday I1i;iui. Is going to give a mag
nificent present to tho Washington boy or girl
who obtains tho largest number of votes in a
contest which begins to-day. Read tho full par
ticulars of it on tho eleventh page of to-day's
Mrao. Rlbat, from Paris, at No. 203 D street
northwest, gives Pretich conversational lessons
at her pupils' residences. Prices moderate.
W. H. WAED,
Repairing Neatly and Promptly Done.
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ACADEMY OF THE HOLY CROSS, 1312Mass.
avenue, embraces thorough Preparatory
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Special attention given to tho supply of Family
Private Cellars Furnished. Sweet Wines and
Brandies Furnished in Wood.
Telophono Call. 908-3 do22-ly(i
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Pro!'. J. M. E. HALL'S
Institute i'or Medical Gymnastics
Diiiiciiig and Fencing School,
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Dunoinir Monday, Thursday, and Sat
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Gcnls' Suits Scoured and Tressed, 11
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How Lost! How Regained,
THE SCIENCE OF LIFE
A Scientific nnd Standard Popular Medical Treatlso
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