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THE SUNDAY HERALD, SUNDAY. DECEMBER 7, 189Q.
8H?ja SmrKn )&!&
iUjfiihj ilniionn1 Siiit-Uirjcitcer.
t'Kf NATIONAL INTELUI3ENCGR
THE SUNDAY HERALD
date red at the Post Olllco nt Washington,
n. C n Second-class Mnttor.
J. U. SOUIiE
A. T. 11ENST3T
Rrtttorl.nl nml Publication OOlcos, No. 409
Tonlli .Stroot Northwent.
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MAKE IT A 11U5IXESS SESSION !
While it i6 wholly true that this Congress, at
its second session, has, under the letter of the
Constitution, evory right to orlgiuato ami per
fect such legislation as a majority of its mem
bers approve, it may well be questioned whether,
in the circumstances, it is either wise or expe
dient to attempt the enactment of any measure
for which there is no popular demand, but
which may seem to he called for by the exigen
cies of party warfare.
Since the Force bill was passed by the House
and introduced into the Senate a general Con
gressional election has been held, in which it is
not unfair to suppose that the people acted in
the cognizance of and with full reference to
the proceedings of the first session of the Fifty
first Congress. That .they did not approve of
all those proceedings would seem to an impar
tial observer neither an unintelligent nor un
just conclusion from the results of that election.
A month ago the people declared in the most
emphatic manner their repudiation of the
present House of Representatives and elected a
new body, which, in political composition at
lea6t, will differ from it very considerably.
Any one who is not an extreme partisan cannot
fail to understand that the people by their
choice meant to show their desire that another
set of men should make their laws. They
could not take from the present Congress the
power to complete legislation of which they
disapprove, but they could and did give over
whelming evidence of their disapprobation.
In view of that disapprobation, and of the
further fact that a legislature truly performs its
functions only when it reflects the will of the
people, it would seem expedient for this Con
gress to devote the short period now remaining
to it not to discredited partisan measures, but
to such practical business as may be of benefit
to the country.
That there is no lack of such business is
shown by the number of measures now pending.
The Supreme Court needs relief. Commercial
interests demand a bankruptcy law. Labor
seeks the due acknowledgment of its rights.
Public buildings and improvements are re
quired at different points. The District of Co
lumbia stands in urgent want of long-delayed
but indispensable legislation. The several ap
propriation bills have to bo thoroughly consid
ered, and various other measures of a purely
practical and non-partisan character await dis
posal. The present time would seem to be
more favorable for accordant action on such
matters than for the adoption of doubtful
schemes for ostensible party advantage.
These considerations arc applicable to the
'Senate lb well as the House. It is very true
that the late upheaval did not as directly affect
the upper as the lower chamber, but the terri
tory concerned in it is represented in both, and
its indications should not go unheeded in either.
It is a curious fact, and it is here presented
for the consideration of the majority in the
Senate, that in the forty-four States for which
the Fift3'-second Congress will legislate only
twelve will send to the lower House delegations
in which Republicans have a majority. These
twelve States arc California, Colorado, Idaho,
Maine, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, Penn
sylvania, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington,
and AVyoming, containing in all a population
of 9,217,441. Assuming that the late elections
reflect the sentiment of the people on national
issuce, it follows that only twenty-four mem
beifc of the domlnaut party in the Senate are In
full .mil direct accord with the States they rep
resent. It further follows that this dominant
party, whatever Its numerical strength may be,
represents closely and directly only n little over
nine millions of people that is, so far as the
Senate is concerned, one-seventh of tho popula
tion legislates for the remaining fifty-three
It seems reasonable to suppose that a political
chauge so sweeping in Its range as to produce
the extraordinary result referred to might bo re
garded by the Senate as an admonition against
pi cf erring an extreme and impracticable
scheme, like the Force bill, to other useful leg
islation which ib urgently demanded. Thoio Is
no demand for tho Force bill. Exciting elec
tions have just been held in all parts of tho
country, with marvelous reversals of former ver
dicts, but without a suggestion of fraud or vio
lence. The present is, therefore, a very inop
portune time for pressing a measure to tako the
control of their elections from the people of
the State,. It is, on the other hand, most op
poituuefor bring!:)!: up tho anearsof practi
cal leglfclation, about which all parties are
agreed, and it is to be hoped that tho majority
in tho Senate will read tho feigns of tho time
aright and doits duty in tho premises wisely
The current number of liclford's Magazine
will be of more thau common interest to tho
historian nud military student. It contaius
two atticles touching "Lord Wot.ksi.kv as a.
Military Critic" that are not ealoulatedlto mako
England's "only General" feel proud. Tho
first is by Gen, Longstkkut, who thus answers
some of Lord Wolksluv's strictures concern
ing him as a soldier iu a way which clearly
shows that the Old Lion of tho Army of North
ern Virginia can handle tho pen much as he
wielded his stainless sword. There has been
endless discussion concerning Pickett's fa
mous charge at Gettysburg, which, had
it been supported by LoNOSTnnr.T's whole
corps, might have been of somo use. It would
havo added to the historic value of Gen. Long
STiir.KT'3 article enormously if ho had explained
why it was that Pickktt's Division was per
mitted to charge alono a force of O.",000 men
and seventy-two guns, while three full divisions
looked on. The unmllitary reader will not
quite comprehend the use of this charge, even
though it was made by tho very fiowcr of tho
infantry of tho Army of Northern Virginia, all
Virginians, officers and men. Tho explanation
Gen. LoNGSTiiKKT gives, however, tho first
under his own signature that has been made,
will prove most interesting reading. Mean
time, both Confederate Gen. Lonostkkkt and
Federal Gen. Thumiuti.l, of Illinois, who criti
cises sharply Lord Wolesi.ey's Shiloh article,
will teach the English general that our coun
trymen, North and South, can uso pen or sword
with equal power and skill.
From the recently published interview with
Secretary Nom.u in regard to pension attorneys
it is made to appear that tho Washington
agents arc a set of cormorants who extort money
from poor soldiers and the widows and orphans
of soldiers, and that they divide among them
selves a certain percentage of the pension ap
propriations for which they render no service
whatever. There are no facts to justify these
insinuations. Under the present law if a
claimant desires to prosecute his own claim he
can do so, and he has the privilego of employ
ing an attorney if he wishes. the
feo being restricted to a small sum
and solely contingent upon successful
prosecution. No one cognizant of the
facts can deny that in case of success the fee is
well earned. Through the efforts of Represen
tative Dockeiiy an amendment to tho Pension
Appropriation bill was adopted by the House
last Friday, which makes it unlawful for any
agent or attorney to receive pay Tor his services
in certain pension claims. Ostensibly this is a
blow at tho claim agents, but in reality it is a
mean stab at tho claimants, whom Mr. Dockeiiy
seems to desire to deprive of the right of proper
representation at the Pension Bureau, knowing
that by so doing he will prevent the presenta
tion of claims, the majority of claimants being
too ignoraut of laws and regulations to he able
to successfully prosecute their own claims.
The Sunday Heiiaed takes the liberty of
pointing with prido to the great array of adver
tising which appeared in its columns last Sun
day and which may be found there again to-day.
As an evidence of the prosperity and enterprise
of our business men and their appreciation of
The Herald's value as an advertising medium
it is especially gratifying. The Heiiald circu
lates among tho best class of buyers, aud keen
business men find it an excellent medium of
making known what they have to offer. And,
although tho advertising department takes up
so largo a share of the paper, there is still ample
room for as extensive and varied an assortment
of interesting reader matter as any exclusively
Sunday paper iu the country gives its readers.
The passage of the International Copyright
bill by the House on Wednesday djd not create
much of a stir, as it Is a matter which does not
seem to appeal strongly to popular sentiment,
and tho interest in the measure outside of liter
ary circles was languid. Rut it was really an
event of importance and will occasion almost as
much discussion among intelligent and edu
cated people in this country and in Europe as
any action Congress has taken in a long time.
It places America in a better light before the
world, as willing to protect the rights of liter
ary workers as well as of all other classes of
workers, and as averse to gaining any advantage
from the labors of European men of letters for
which she did not pay.
Tho lot of tho poor Indian in these degener
ate and mercenary days is certainly not a
happy one. If ho is permitted to leave his res
ervation and hire himself out to a "Wild West"
circus he is starved, swindled, and maltreated
by tho enterprising managers. If tho Indian
remains on his reservation he is maltrnntfrr
swindled, and starved by the agents of tho
Government. There really seems nothing for j
the Indians to do but to become converted aud i
translated to tho happy hunting grounds, I
wuero tneir guost Uances will not disturb tho
neighbors nor endanger the settlers' cattle or
The latest Yankee knick-knacks In the way of
agricultural statesmanship are to be found in
the platform of the Connecticut Farmers'
League. They want tho State to insure their
buildings against fire and lightning, the election
of United States Senators by u body similar to
Presidential electors, and the passago of laws
by which land may be obtained by those who
desire to cultivate It in a manner 6omowhat
similar to that proposed by Utsnuy Geohge.
South Washington has a new post office,
which was formally inaugurated on Thursday,
much to the gratification of the good people of
that section of the city. All Washington is to
have a now post office some day, and then tho
whole city can rejoice. Meanwhile, as tho next
best thing, the city will rejoice on tho install
There arc few things that don't have to give
way before the stroug-mlnded woman. Death
wab apparently getting the better cf Dr. Mauy
Wai.kkii the other duy wheu tho little woman
suddenly aud peremptorily made up her miud
to live, aud she did. Long may sho wave, if
she will only shoot that hat and those trousers.
The Evening Star looks handsomer and more
prosperous than ever in Its increased size and
neat, new dress of type. It merits its wonder
ful success, and repays tho generous patronage
which tho reader, and advertisers of Washing
ton give It by printing ono of tho best evening
newspapers in tho United States.
An Ohio Republican confides to a reporter
that ex-Governor Fouakbu has pulled out tho
tail-feathers of his Presidential ambition and
chained up Ills mouth for keeps, All ho cares
for now is to muko money and capture Sueis
mak'h scat in the Senate.
Senator Gouman has beeu preseuted with n
hickory stick by admiring constituents. He
can find uso for it in stirring his fellow-Democratic
Sonators up to adequate resistance to tho
TALK OF THE WEEK,
A Chicago nowspapor man who accompanied
Speaker Reed on his tour through tho West dur
ing the lato campaign was in Washington tho
other day and dropped in to sco tho Speaker nt
tho Capitol. After shaking hands tho Speaker
drove his hands into his pockets and stood for
an instant cazlng quizzically nt his visitor.
"And you know all about it and wouldn't glvo
mo a hint, oh ?" Mr. Reed said at last in a half
reproachful tone. "Knew all nbout what, Mr.
Speaker?" tho Western newspaper man inquired.
"Why, tho storm, tho blizzard, the cyclone, or
whatover you call it," answered tho Speaker as
ho swayed his big body backward and forward
in a ponslvo sort of way. "You know tho earth
quake was coming and was going to scatter tts
all over tho faco of uaturo and bury us out of
sight, and you wouldn't oven glvo mo a hint."
Tho newspaper man laughingly admitted that
ho had half suspected election day would be a
cold day for the Republicans, but ho nover
dreamed hoiv cold. "Then you weren't playing
a big practical joko on me when you paraded
mo through tho West like a circus," tho Speaker
resumed, "only to have about every district that
1 spoke In go Democratic? Well, mayho you
weren't, but it looked a good deal like it to
me." Aud tho Speaker smiled one of his most
ironical smiles, and went on to show that it was
all an accident, which was not likely to happen
again in a hundred years.
Judge John Henry McCarthy, of New York,
is one of the Democrats in tho present Congress
who declined a rcnoininatiou. "I wish I was
coming back sometimes uow," he said the other
night, "just to bo iu a Congress that's almost
unanimously Democratic. I think I would have
run agalu If I had known how wo were going to
sweep the country. But I can't afford to be In
Congress. No poor man can. If I had plenty
of money I'd like to stay here, take up a hobby,
devote myself to It, aud try to make a national
reputation. As it is, I've got to look out for
my law practice in New York."
Some weeks before the election Representa
tive Washington F. Willcox, the member for
New Haven and tho oniy Democrat in tho pres
ent Connecticut Congressional delegation, vcu
tured the prediction that in tho Fifty-second
Congress tho proportions of Democrats and Re
publicans would bo reversed, and there would
be only ono of the latter nd three of the former.
For this Mr. Willcox was jeered at by tho Re
publican press of tho State aud informed that it
was iu very bad tastoto wound tho tender sensi
bilities of his colleagues in tho present Congress
by predicting their defeat. Mr. Willcox smiled
a quiet smile and waited, and tho election vindi
cated fully tho correctness of his judgment.
Democrats were elected from tho Hartford Dis
trict, now represented by Mr. William Edgar
Simonds, and the Bridgeport District, repre
sented by Judge Miles. Mr. Willcox has in
vited his newly-elected Democratic colleagues
to be his guests in Washington for a while this
winter, aud they are coming down after the
holidays to get their first insight into the way
things are done at the National Capital. Tho
new member from Bridgeport is Mr. Robert E.
De Forest and the Hartford man is Mr. Louis
There is a good deal of a probability that
Connecticut will also have one now representa
tive In the Senate iu the next Congress. Un
fortunately, the Republicans succeeded in cap
turing a small majority in the Legislature, and
he will not be a Democrat. But thero is a
strong anti-Platt faction among the Republicans
and tho Democrats ma' combine with them to
elect a less extreme partisan than tho grave and
pensive statesman who looks so much like the
great Lincoln. A good deal of strong feeling
has been stirred up in Connecticut against
Senator Piatt for his share in admitting tho now
States of Wyoming and Idaho, which, with
populations not as largo as the city of New
Haven, arc given two United States Senators
each. But while Senator Piatt is a strong parti
san he is an honest man, as is shown by his
poverty. He has been for years in tho Senate,
but grows poorer and poorer every year.
Pennsylvania seems to bo very prolific in
Pooh-Bahs. Politicians up that way aren't at
all modest about holding as many offices as
they can get their fins on. "Happy Jack"
Robinson, of Media, who will succeed Smcdloy
Darlington in Congress from the Sixth District,
is otherwise known as the Pooh-Bah of Dela
ware County. "Happy Jack" not long slnco
announced himself as a candldato for the
United States Senate against Don Cameron,
and it is said ho might havo given tho son of
Simon a good deal of trouble if Senator Quay
had not sat down on him. Quay invited Robin
son to come to Washington last week, and after
an interview with tho Boss at tho Capitol
"Happy Jack" didn't look as happy as he did
before, aud announced that ho would not bo a
candldato against Cameron. Robinson won
tho title of Pooh-Bah in thi6 way:
While he was a member of tho
lower branch of tho State Legislature, Tom
Cooper resigned his State Senatorshlp to accept
tho place of Collector of tho Port of Philadel
phia. Robinson immediately becamo a candl
dato for the vacant Scnatorshi p, and was elected.
Last fall ho was renominated for tho Senatorshlp,
and at tho samo tlmo for Congress to succeed
Mr. Darlington. Ho was electod to both places.
Immediately after election, not satisfied with
tho honors thus heaped on 3ilm, he announced
his candidacy for Don Cameron's seat. If he
had succeeded in knocking Cameron out. it is
understood "Happy .Jack" would havo re
garded himself a formidable candldato for the
Presidency In 1802,
More Successful Tests of Nickel.
Mr. Abbott, of Carnegie, Phlpps & Co,, had
a long conference with the Secretary of tho Navy
yesterday in regard to tho tests recently made
by that company of nickel steel with a vlow to
tho utility of plates of that metal for naval vos
sels. lie reported that tho tests demonstrated
even more successfully than tho recent Govern
mental tests ut Annapolis tho superiority of
that metal for naval purposes over any hereto
fore employed. The Secretary was very much
gratified over tho intelligence as tending to In
dicate great improvement iu naval architecture,
the more so as tho tests confirmed the views ex
pressed on tho subject in his last annual roport.
Resigned a $7,000 Oilice.
Mr. J. L. Stackpolo, of Massachusetts, has
resigned his position as n member of tho board
of geueral appraisers under tho customs ad
ministrative act," and General Appraiser
Gcorgo C. Tlchonor has been assigned to duty
iu his stead as a member of tho auxiliary board
of general appraisers at New York until tho
vacancy shall havo been filled. Tho office pays
$7,000 per uunum, aud unless voluntarily re
signed, at iu tho present case, is subject to
change ouly in ease of moral delinquency ou
tho part of tho incumbent.
$100,000 for National Military Park.
Represeutatlvo Clements, of Georgia, has in
troduced a bill appropriating $100,000 to com
plete tho establishment and improvement of
tho Chlckamauga and Chattanooga National
35G Mombom, on a lint to of 173,5)01
Prompt Action Expected.
It is understood that tho Republican
members of thoConsus Commlttco have reached
an agreement upon a reapportionment bill
based upon a representation of 330 membors of
tho House. Tho present House consists of 83'J
members. This understanding has been arrived
at af tor mature consideration and consultation
with their party associates on tho lloor. Tho
ratio of representation i3 ono member to each
173,001 of tho population. This is about tho
lowest number which will permit each State,
during tho noxt decade, to retain its pres
ent membership. Tho States which will
gain iu representation mo: Alabama, 1; Ar
kansas, 1; California, 1; Colorado, 1; Georgia,
1: Illinois, 2; Kansas, 1; Massachusetts, 1;
Michigan, 1; Minnesota, i); Missouri, 1; Ne
braska, 3; Now Jersey. 1; Oregon, 1; Pennsyl
vania, 2; Texas, 2; Washington, 1, and Wis
consin, 1, or 24 in all. It is not at all likely
that any anti-gerrymander features will bo In
corporated in tho Apportionment bill. Thoro is
considerable divergence of opinion as to tho ad
visability of doing this, and in tho opinion of
somo members it is doubtful whether Congress
can enact any provision that will effectually
A meeting of tho Census Committee will bo
held next weok, and it is expected that n bill
and report will bo presented to tho Houso by the
end of tho week, and that before Christmas ac
tion will have been reached by tho House.
Representative Houk, of Tennessee, yester
day offered for reference tho following resolu
tion (promised by a recitation of tho Fourteenth
Amendment to tho Constitution.) "That tho
Committee ou tho Judiciary bo instructed to in
quire into, ascertain, aud report to this House
whether or not any one or more of the States of
tho Union has by any constitutional or statu
tory provision violated tho second section of
the Fourteenth Amcudmeut to tho Constitution
of the United States, so that proper apportion
ment may be made by Coneress. That tho said
committee shall have tho right to roport at any
Xiatc Naval Orders.
Assistant Surgeon Audiow R. Alfred has been
ordered to duty at the Naval Hospital, Nor
folk, Va.; Assistant Surgeon J. T. Kccney, to
tho training-ship Minnesota; Passed Assistant
Engineer James F. Barry to examination for
promotion. Civil Engineer T. C. McCallorn
has been detached from dutv at tho Navy Yard,
Boston, aud ordered to the Navy Yard at Ports
mouth, N. II.; Civil Engineer F. C. Prindle,
from tho Navy Yard, Portsmouth, and or
dered to the Navy Yard at Boston; Assistant
Surgeon II. N. T. Harris, from the Minnesota,
and placed on waiting orders; Assistant Surgeon
A. M. McCormick, from the Chicago, and
placed on waiting orders; Assistant Surgeon J.
M. Whitfield, from tho Naval Hospital, Nor
folk, Va., and ordered to tho Chicago. Lieut.
Albert Ross has been ordered to examination
for promotion; Passed Assistant Engineer Harry
Webster, as assistant to tho engineer board of
tho Newark. Assistant Naval Constructor
David W. Taylor has been detached from the
Bureau of Construction and Repair January 1,
and ordered to duty at the Navy Yard, Nor
folk, Va. Lieut. Commander Helman Vail and
Surgeon Henry M. Martin have been placed on
tho retired list.
Senator Ingalls Denies.
The attention of Senator Ingalls having been
called to the alleged statement of Secretary
Turner at the Farmers' Alliance Convention, at
Ocala, Flu., yesterday, that he had offered
.?5,000 for a roster of tho secretaries of tho Al
liance, ho said that Mr. Turner has been misin
formed; that ho had never himself offered, or
authorized anybody to offer, nor had anybody
in his name,or with his authority, or by his con
sent, over offered any money for such informa
tion. Ho is unable to see how it could be of
benefit to him in any manner in tho campaign
in which ho is engaged.
For the Widow of Justice Miller.
Representative Gear, of Iowa, introduced
yesterday a bill granting to tho widow of the
lato Justice Samuel F. Miller tho Jsum tof
$10,000, being a 6um equal to ono year's salary
of tho deceased.
Gen. Stonenmn's Retirement.
Tho House passed tho Senate bill for tho re
tirement of Gen. Georgo Stoneman with the
rank of colonel.
Minister Fred. Douglas silled yesterday for
his post In Tlayti, His wife accompanied him.
James E. Stuart, chief post office inspector of
Chicago, has been stopping at Willard's tho past
Mr. T. Fisher Latimer, son or Mr. M. D.
Latimer, is now associated with The Sunday
non. William Walter Phelps, Minister to Ger
many, sailed for Europe yesterday on tho
Mr. T. O. Ebaugb, chief book-keeper in tho of
fice of tho Comptroller of tho LCurrenoy, loft last
Wednesday for Now York City to spend a tcn
days'1 vacation ut his old home.
Mr. Herbert J. lirown, ono of tho proprietors
of tho Uoanoko Times, has been ill with malarial
fovcr at his homo in this city for sovcral weoks.
Ho is now convalesent and ablo to bo about agnln
Mr. W. U. Wilder, of Portsmouth, Va., nnd edi
tor of tho .Sentinel, of that place, paid us n visit
yesterday. Mr. Wilder was a pago in tho House
of Representatives during tho tlmo Blalno was
Mr. R. C. L. Monourc, who has been connected
with tho firm of V. Baldwin Johnson for sovcral
years, has resigned his position, and will leavoin
u fow days for his country home, in Stafford
Mr. Frank Pickoll, who has been connected
with The Sunday IIehald, in tho capacity of
book-keeper for some tlmo, has severed his con
nection with said puper to accept a uosition with
tho Evening Star.
Professor L. JVAurla, an eminent consulting
civil engineer, of Philadelphia, and a contributor
to luuding seientillo magazines, Is Injtho city, tho
tho guest of Engineer Commissioner Robert,
No. 1812 M street northwest.
Professor M. Weil, tho optlciun, formerly of
this city, but now of Wilmington, Dol was iu
Washington onaviBlt yesterday. Tho Doctor
whb recently elected to bo commander of U. S.
GrautPostNo. IU, G. A. It., of Wilmington.
While in this city he was a membor of Kit Carson
Mr. O'Nell having resigned his position us city
editor of tho Critic to accept a similar one on
tho Post, tho vuoanoy on tho Criffc has been filled
by tho promotion of Mr. W. 0. MoGill, who has
filled u desk in tho editorial rooms. Mr.McGIll
brings to his now field an oxperlonco ot many
years, und will mako tho city dopartmont a
No. 818 FOURTEENTH STREET.
The Cottage Market is daily
receiving a full and extensive
asortment of all goods in its
THE FINEST BEEF,
LAMB AND VEAL.
ALL KINDS OF FRESH
MEATS OF THE BEST
FISH OF ALL KINDS,
SHRIMPS AND SCALLOPS.
GAME IN EVERY VARIETY
VIRGINIA & MINNESOTA
PIN, At all prices. We Viae on
hand a stock of the finest Poto-
mac River Terrapin ever
brought to this market.
TURKEYS AND DUCKS.
A fine stock of Canned
Goods. Every variety of Vege
tables. Hot-house Tomatoes and
Brussels Sprouts and Cauli
flower. Fruits of all Kinds.
The finest Florida Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Mandarins and
Tangerines, Malaga, Tokay,
and Catawba Grapes.
The Best Brands of Print
COW and SHEEP PRINTS.
THE O. K., AND E. B.,
B. B. AND BLAKE.
In short everything to be
found in a first-class market,
constantly on hand.
All sold at reasonable prices.
Our deliveries are prompt.
Give us your orders and we
will try and please.
Dinner Parties a Specialty.