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THE UN DAY HERALD, SUNDAY. MARCH 15. 1891.
AMONG THE THEATRES.
GOOD BIILS AT AM. THE HOUSES 3'Olt
Bernhardt at AllinuRli'H, ittnrsarot Mnthor
nt tlio Niitionul, Drama at tho llljcm,
and Vnvloty at lvoriian'8 Coining Con
verts. The diamatization of "Mr. Barnes of Now
York" comprises but a very limited numbor of
tho romantic incidonts in tho brilliant career
of that heroic gentleman, but it contains never
theless suniclent of tbo principal thread of the
original story to make it a highly interesting
stage production. It is n play smooth in action,
strong in plot, and effective in climax, and al
though having been seen here boforo drew very
good audiences Inst week at Albaugh's Grand.
Opera House, whero it was presented by a first
class company. Those whoso work is deserv
ing of especial commendation are Mr. James
Neill as Mr. Jiarncs, Mr. Sheridan Block as
Count Mutso, Mr. Fred Sockctt as Edwin An
struthcr, Miss Etolka Wardcll as Marina, Miss
Emma Field as Enid, Miss Annlo II. Blancko ns
Maud, and Miss Efllo Gcrmon nBLady Chartris.
The Bernhardt Engagement.
The engagement of Mme. Bernhardt at Al
baugh's this week, by tho advanco indications,
promises to be one of tho most interesting
over played by that tragedian in this city.
Bcrnhardt's piquant personality, her freaks,
extravagances, aud foibles may havo helped to
brine her before ttc public as an artist, but,
once having gained universal recognition, her
genuls would havo been sufficient to hold it
indefinitely. Tho success she has won has
been won against cruel disadvantages. Per
sonal beauty of feature she has none. Her
figure is fine, what thero is of it, and in tho
management of both face and figure sho shows
that Bheis a consummate artist, perfectly awaro
of her disadvantages, and knowing in every
instance how to make the most of herself in
their despite. She has been seen in "Washington
in only three parts, but in all tho Banio masterly
theatric art was displayed. As .Fedora she
threw tho glamor of art about hor unattractive
personality and pictured tho beautiful Russian
Princess with intense realism. A woman well
past forty, sho makes herself seem in ,lFrou
Frou" as tho young girl Oilbcrtc, and by her in-
cessant chattering, by her shy but triumphant
boaring in the presence of her scdato lover, and
by her mfinito variety of gesture she mirrors to
tho life the youug French girl. Aud finally sho
'Set the stamp of her rich genius upon "Camillo"
itself, and mado that poor old play, murdered a
hundred times a week by actresses of every
grade of ability, seem again a living and almost
respectable creation. TCho art of this groat
actiessis not aimed at tho gallery. It is quiet
and natural, even a ttiflo disappointing at first,
after performances pitched in a higher key.
The last lesson an actor learns is to be perfectly
natural, to represent upon tho stage tho precise
actions and suggtst the preciso emotions of peo
ple in private life, only so much exaggerated
and insisted upon as tho conditions of stage
life may require, and Bernhardt is one of a
scant half dozen known to tho American stage
who havo mastered that lesson. Sho is at all
times perfectly mistress of herself, but never
self-conscious or awkward. Her acting in tho
quieter scenes of a drama is no less of a revela
tion than the intenso and serpent-like involu
tions of her stage hatred, tho sharpness of her
simulated despair, or the abandon of her love
making, though it may bo less striking.
Margaret Mather's 'Joan of Arc."
Ours is an age of vindications and rehabili
tations, and many of us havo learned to reverse
the judgment of our youths upon names long
buried in tho dust of misconstruction and mis
representations. Mary Stuart is recognized as
altogether a martyr aud Mary Tudor as almost
a saint by many who had been brought up.in
tho unquestioning belief of tbo veracity of
Fox's "Book of Martyrs" and of tho genuine
ness of the forgeries of Cecil and Moray. The
material for tho vindication of tho fair fame of
Joan of Arc, the maid of Orleans, are both full
and now easily accessible. Hor trial lasted in
all four months. Unjust in substance, It was
conducted with scrupulous adherence to form.
Sho was interrogated repeatedly and minutely
as to tho particulars of her Hfo, and especially
as to her supernatural claims. Tho interroga
tions and her answers, taken down in French
by tho notaries on tho spot, wero turned into
Latiu, and embodied in tho formal record of
tho trial drawn up shortly after Its termina
tion. Several exemplifications of this record
under tho hands and seals of tho notaries and
tho seal of tho BiBhop B6auvais, hoi judge, aro
still in existence. A copy also exists of a great
portion of tho original minutes of tho questions
and answers in French quite sufficient to
testify to the general fidelity of tho Latin ver
sion. Twenty years after her death the tardy
justice of King Charles VII caused him to so
licit from Pope Calixtus III the institution of a
process for the revision and reversal of tho sen
tence passed at Rouen, After an examination
of the record of the former trial by tho Auditor
of tho Rota, and his report upon it, tho Pope
issued his brief for tho process of revision, and
after a long investigation tho former sentenco
was annulled and Tier good name fully re
stored. "Joan of Arc" will have its first pro
duction in this city at the Now National Theatre
to-morrow evening, whero it will ho presented
by Miss Margaret Mather, supported by Mr.
Otis Skinner and tho exact origiual New York
cast. The production will be complete in every
detail of scenery and costumes and will be one
of tho notable events of tho season,
'The Old Homestead."
This famous play, which comes to Albaugh's
immediately following tho Bernhardt engage
ment, has done more to revolutionize tho stago
productions of the present day, by creating and
fostering a desire on the part of theatre-goero
for something as an amusement that shall bo
pur o nml morally wholesome, thnu all tho ser
mons that could bo preached. Donfhan Thomp
son's pluy of Now England life, with Us clean
dialogue, puro motives, and healthy, hearty
liutnor, is acknowledged by clergy, public, and
pi ess to bo a thoroughly wholesomo as well as
amusing pi oduction. The characters aro clean
cut types of New England, quaint in their man
ner, honest in their convictions, and 6turdy in
their ideas of truth. Tho play itself is a series
ot pictures of home-life, calculated to bo true
to tho nature from which they aro drawu and
free from sensationalism.
Tho Hummel Concerts.
That tho great pianist Franz Rutnmell will
crcato a sensation hero in musical circles is evi
dent from tho numerous demands which have
already been mado for tickets. No ono who
heard him hero fivo years ago is likely to forget
tho wonderful Impression ho mado by his mas
terly and uncqualed interpretation of Beetho
ven's "Moonlight Sonata." Tbo concerts, from
a musical standpoint, can bocalled progressive,
as ho starts with compositions of tho old mas
ters, such as Couperin, (1CC8,) and gradually
works up to tho most billllant compositions by
modern masters, none tho least of which may ho
mentioned tho favorite "Tarantella and Gondo
llera,'' Liszt; "La Filouso," Raff, etc. Tho
magnificent sonata, Op. 35, Chopin, will bo on
tho second programme, and ho will repeat tho
beautiful "Moonlight" of Beethoven. Pamph
lets and programmes cannow bo had atDroop's,
025 Pennsylvania avenue, whero the sale of scats
will commence on March 17.
Xaver Scharwenka, tho eminent composer and
pianist, is to give a piano recital at tho Academy
of Music on Friday evonincr, April 3. His
American tour has been ono of the principal
ovents of tho musical season and crowded
houses havo greeted him everywhere. He has
prepared a programme of unusual brilliancy
for Washington. Copies may bo had at tho
music 6toreo. Metzorott will have tho tickets
on tho 23d.
Mr. Chailes Santley, who has for years been
the leading baritono in England, sails to-day
from Havre to give a series of twenty concerts
in this country. Ho comes hero on Apt 11 14,
with several artists accompanying, and will bo
assisted also by tho Choral. Society. Many will
lemember the concerts Mr. Santloy gave in this
country some twenty years ngo. Ho is still tho
popular, favorite that ho ha6 been for tho last
thirty years. On his return from his late
Australian tour ho gave a concert in Leeds,
England, and was given a hearty welcome. The
people of Leeds organized 'a totchlight pro
cession to escort Mr. Santley from tho concert
hall to the Great Western Hotel. When tho
concert ended the Town Hall and municipal
buildings wero lurid in tho light of over a thou
sand flambeaux carried by mon and youths, who
wore awaiting tho departure ot Mr. Santley ac
companied by the other artists.
The Adamoivslci Quartette Concert.
Probably no other member of the Boston
Symphony Orchestra has as many friends and
admirers in Washington as Mr. Timotheo
AdamowskI tho popular violinist. All aro en
thusiastic over his playing, and tho younger
members of the gentler sox.are possessed of a like
degree of admiration of his personal charms.
Ono was overheard to remark at tho last con
cert, "I think Mr. AdamowskI plays beautifully,"
(the inflection on tho last word cannot bo ex
pressed in type.) "Ho is a second violin; you
see he sits in tho second row." In that light
tho sixth bench muRt bo sixth violin I Mr.
AdamowskI with his brother Josef, the 'cellist
and Messrs. Moldauer and Zach make up the
quartette which is to give a concert at the
Unlversalist Church on the evening after tho
next concert of thi Boston Orchestra. In ad
dition to quartettes by Boethoven,T6chaikowsky,
and Grieg, Mr. T. AdamowskI will play a
Romnza by Svendsen and a Mazourka by
Zarzycki. The 'cellist will also havo solo num
bers. Programmes and tickets at Metzorott's.
" Mr. Wilkinson's "Widows."
William Gillette, the well-known author of
"Held by tho Enemy," "All tho Comforts of
Homo," "Tho Pjlvato Secretary," etc., has just
completed a new comedy with tho abovo title.
Mr. Charles Frohman will produce It at tho
New National on Monday, March 23, with a
special company, which will form for him his
now comedy company that will remain in New
York all next season. It includes Joseph Hol
land, JjreaericK iiona, .Henrietta urossman,
Maude White, Annlo Wood, Thomas Burns,
Thomas Wise, George Thompson, Lillian Leach,
and others. Mr. Gillette will boon hand at tho
" Lights and Shadows. "
Tho attraction at Harris's Bijou this week
needs no foimal introduction to tho public. It
has beenJieralded from ono end of tho country
to tho other as ono of tho greatest plays of Its
class the country has ever known. In order to
score a success at the present time a melo
drama must have strongly-developed character
istics of its own. The hackneyed heroics and
trlto Eentimontallsms that onco easily passed
curront for popular approval will no 'longer
answer tho purpose. Elaborato scenery, stage
explosions, and wrecks at sea each had their
day. Then tho tank drama came, and then
camo "Lights and Shadows," with an improve
ment on what had boon considered tho crown
ing effort in tho direction of stage realism. Tho
real water scene in this play represents tho
inundation of Mother Meg's divo under tho
docks, and tho water comes pouring upon tho
stage with a force and velocity that makes the
danger of tho hero and heroine Imprisoned thero
seem genuine for tho moment oveu to tho most
calloused votoran in theatre-going. Tho com
pany has merited and received tho hearty ap
proval of tho press and public wherever It has
appeared. Tho incidents of the play aro woven
togothorin a highly interesting manner and
somo of tho episodes are novel to tho degree of
daring. "Lights and Shadows" is already an
established favorite with tho publicand a warm
welcome may be oxpected for it at Harris, Brit
ton & Dean'B cozy resort.
Boston Symphony Orchestra,
Tho next concert of tho Boston Symphony
Orchestra will be given at tho Academy of
Music, on Wednesday evening, March 25, under
tho conductorship of Mr. Arthur Nlkisch. Tho
bare announcement of this fact is sufficient to
insure a fine audience. Seats aro on Bale at
Ellis's, 037 Pennsylvania avenue.
Williams's Select Show at Kernan's.
Fresh features, added from time to time with
characteristic enterprise, have mado Harry W,
WJlliams's Own Specialty Company, which will
open at Kernan's Theatre to-morrow night for
ono week only, ono of tho most brilliant vaude
ville attractions in America. Coming direct
from his Academy of Music, Pittsburg, Pa., no
assurance is necessary. Among tho European
celebrities aro tho threo Brothers Byrne, whose
agility as acrobats is unsurpassed. Their trick
coach Is a model of ingenuity, and enables them
to display a degree of skill attained by no other
artists, as well as to create no ond of amuse
ment. Master Eddie, tho young prestidlgita
teur, will prove quite a novel feature. He is
only seven years old, hut thoroughly versed in
tho black art, ancient and modern, and has
created Bevoral mysteries which aro highly sen
sational. Prummond and Stanley, the musical
blacksmiths, uppearin a very pretty transforma
tion act. Among others afro tho AcmC Four,
Palles and Cusick, Billy Carter, Professor II. J.
Abbott, Dagmar, Garnclla Bros., Byrnes and
Ileleue, and Austin and Matthew. Ladies'
tnntlnCes, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Ono of tho handsomest women and most musi
cal vocalists on tho vaudovillo 6tngo is Dag
mar, tho Danish beauty, whom Mr. Williams
brought to this country especially for his own
company. Her voice possesses a rich tone that
captivates everybody and enables hor to ren
der tho most difficult selections with raro suc
cess. Dagmar is quite a young woman. Sho
was born at Stockholm about twenty years ago.
From childhood sho displayed raro vocal gifts,
ond in early girlhood was in constant demand
at tho royal concerts which mado Stockholm
famous. It was during a visit to Stockholm
that Manager Williams persuaded her parents
to let him take her under his own protection
and introduce her to tho American public.
Next weok, Vaidis Sisters' Novelty Company.
Notes of tho Stage.
Tho gross receipts for tho four weeks' engage
ment of tho KondnlB at tho Hollis-Streot Theatre,
Boston, woro $43,000
Honry E. Dlxoy's manager claims that his
star's profits on tho road this season havo been
from $1,500 to S2.000 weekly.
Gornldino Ulmar declares sho will novcr return
to America novor, novcr. England is her homo,
sho says, henceforth and forever.
Gcorgo Edgar Montgomery, long dramatic edi
tor of tho Now York Times, has been appointed
dramatic critic of. tho Recorder, tho now Now
Jay Durham, well known in Washington, who
has been doing newspaper work In Now York,
has now resumed his position as advanco agent
for Julia Marlowe.
Tho prettiest apparatus over used in an aerlul
act is tho trapezono rotalrc, on which tho beau
tiful Vaidis Sisters perform. It Is their own In
vention and 1b mndo of solid Bilver.
Miss Mlnnlo Palmer, it is said, has by no means
given up her designs on comic opera. Accord
ing to tho latest, she is to appear In London
under tho management of Charles Abud.
Mr. Joo Frankau, who Is with tho "Crystal
Slipper" Company, will give up tho burlesque
business at the expiration of his present engage
ment and will take up legitimate comedy. His
friends in this city applaud his move.
Helen Wcthcrsbee, a member of W. J. Scan
lan's company, has had to give up work on ac
count of illness, Sho la said to be suffering with
consumption, from which disease her sister,
Eliza Wethersbeo Nat. Goodwin's wife, died
several years ago.
Wilton Lackayo did not study tho part of
Pierre in tho version of "Tho Clemenceau Case"
presented at Niblo's, Now York, last week, but
used tho lines from Mr. Floroh's edition. He
was enjoined from repeating tho performance
on Wednesday night, but ho studied tho now rOlo
and reappeared on Thursday.
Judge Freedman gave his decision last Monday
in tho suit brought by James C. Duff against
Lillian Russell, arising from tho prima donna's
refusal to wear tights in "Tho Queen's Mate,"
and from her subsequent breach of contract in
singing at the Casino. Judge Freedman decided
that Mana ger Duff was entitled to $2,000 dam
Haddon Chambers's adaptatlon'of M. Charton's
Franco-Prussian war drama, "Dovant L'En
nomi," failed on its first production at the Gar
den Theatre, Now York, Monday night last.
Tho original work contained but ono strong or
interesting act and Haddon Chambers did not
improve it in his translation, which is called
"Lovo and War."
That ro markablo actor. Mr. E. S. Wlllard, who
holds tho respect of tho Now York critics un
varyingly, whether his successive productions
win approval or criticism, seems to havo had
only moderate success in "Wealth," in which ho
appeared for tho first timo last wcok. Tho
drama la from tho productive and forceful pen
of Henry Arthur Jones.
Tbo Booth-Barrett engagement at tho Broad,
way Theatre. Now York, is not turning out well
Although thero are plenty of empty seats at
ovory performance, Lawrence Barrett got out of
patlenco ono night last weok whoa bo found
soventy-nlno complimentary tickets in the box
and forthwith suspended tho frco list, much to
tho dismay of tho good-natured and mild-man
nered Joseph Levy.
Ibsen was given another chance in Now York,
or in Harlem, rather, last week. "Tho Pillars of
Society," ono of tho Norwegian's dramas in which
ho makes most clear just what ho Is driving at,
was presented by a company which numbered
among its leading members such actors as J. B.
Studloy, Henrietta Vaders, and Bob Hilliard, all
peculiarly unfitted for understanding or inter
preting Isben's work. Still thoy seem to havo
had some success with tho production.
The great and only American manager, Augus
tln Daly, is having failures enough these days to
satiato tho most ardont and cnthuslastio of his
ill-wishers. His oxpensivo pantomimic produc
tion of "A Prodigal Son" wan withdrawn after a
week and "A Night Off" put on as a stop-gap for
tho dozenth time. Daly is plainly sufforing tho
consequences of living in a too rarlfled and
etherial atmosphoro all by his lonelics. Ho has
got out of touch with tho world, as it wero.
Milton Nobles, tho well-known sonsatlonal
actor, has an ox-clergyman, J. Duko Murray, as
u manager. Tho story goes that Nobles, shortly
after ho had become an actor, mot Mr. Murray in
Kentuoky. According to a reliable authority
tho Rov. Duko sat daugliag his feet over a hotel
counter, whllo his body reclined in n chair a few
yards away. Ho waB telling anecdotes, and
everybody was laughing. Mi. Nobles, who
know that anecdotes aro everything !n a theatri
cal agent, began to pino for Murray to "boom"
his plays. Ho mado his acquaintance, tempted
him, and tho ltov. Duko suooumbed.
Every admirer of youth, beauty, and talent
will bo glad to know that Julia Marlowo Is en
tirely herself again. Sho raaio hor first appear
ance sinco hor Into serious illness at Ford's, Bal
timore, Monday night, in "As You Liko It," and
never appeared to better advantage us Rosalind.
Ford's was filled in every part. Another feature
which mado the occasion interesting was tbo first
appearance of Miss Mattio Ford, daughter of tho
vetornn manager, John T. Ford, who made hor
dfibut as Phozbe and mado a charming shepherd
ess. Tho foyer was decorated in honor of tho oc
casion with flowers and plants, and during tho
evening tho young dfibutante, as well as Miss
Marlowo and Creston Clarke, wore called boforo
the ourtaln repeatedly.
Thero Is anguish in the hearts of tho Now York
baldheadB. Manager Aronson, of tho Casino, an
nounces that thesuceessof "Poor Jonathan" has
resolved him to put his chorus girls in tights no
more. Henceforth all tho Casino operas will be
costumed in modern full dress. "When I brought
out 'Poor Jonathan,' " said Mr. Aronson, "I had
doubts as to tho results of tho innovation of tho
modern dress for tho singers. How tho public
would take to dress coats and ball dresses in
placo of picturesque and grotesque costumes I
didn't know. I find, though, that tbo publlo
takes kindly to tbo ohango, for tho business of
Poor Jonathan' up to date is SO per cent, ahead
of 'Ermlnio' and Tho Grand Duohesa' my prin
cipal successor hitherto."
W.A.4iiiivGr.Foiv city xasfTOTKr 03LTT:ra
"W-A-SX-IINGTOTST XKEDIISTG- .A-O-AJDEMY
JL mJT y
COO BEST DOGS IN AMERICA ON EXHIBITION.
JPItOIf1- IPAJRJKEDE&'S 33OO- OI3E&OTTS
EVERY AFTERNOON AT 4:30 AND EVENINGS AT 8. BRING THE CHILDREN TO SEE THE
GREAT-DOG CIRCUS. OPEN FROM 10 A. M. TO 10 P.M. ADMISSION, 50c, CHIL
DREN HALF PRICE. SEASON TICKETS ON SALE AT BOX OFFICE.
I I I
b a a
EMINENT GERMAN PIANIST,
Two Matinee Piano Recitals,
SATURDAY AND MONDAY AFTERNOONS,
MARCH 21 and 23, nt 3 o'clock.
Tickets onsale at Droop's Stolnway Piano
Ware-rooms, 025 Pennsylvania avonue, on and
after March 17.
ALBAUGH'S GRAND OPERA HOUSE
Messrs. Honry E. Abbey and MaurlcoQrau
respectfully announce tho reappearance in
Washington, for ono week only, ot
In tho Following Repertory:
gggfifc" I LA TOSCA
Wednesday," 18 CAMILLE
Thursday, " 19 j EEDORA
Friday, " 20
Saturday" 21 CLEOPATRA
PRICES: Reserved Seats, $3, S2.50, and S2: gen
eral admission, $1.50; gallery, $1; family circle, re
NoxtWeek-THE OLD HOMESTEAD.
EW NATION AX. THEATRE.
Weok Commencing MONDAY, March 10.
Wednesday Matln6es Saturday.
Supported by MR. OTIS SKINNER and
her own Company, in an
March 23 Presentation of William Gllletto's
now Comedy, "Mr. Wilkinson's Widows."
XT ARRIS'S BIJOU THEATRE.
Mrs. P. Harris, R, L.Britton. and T. F. Dean,
Proprietors and Managers.
WEEK COMMENCING MONDAY, MARCH 10.
PRESENTED BY A STRONG OAST AND
MAGNIFICENT SCENIC EFFECTS.
THEATRE, lltlx St.
Week Commencing Monday, March 10.
Ladies' Matlu6es,Tuefl.,Tkurs., and Sat.
Holiday MatlnCoSt, Patrick's Day.
HAltEY W. WILLIAMS
OWN SPECIALTY COMPANY,
Direct from His Academy of Musla,
AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN STARS.
Next Week-VAIDIS SISTERS' NOVELTY CO.
U Thirteenth and L Btreota uorthwost,
THURSDAY, MARCH 20.
THE ADAMOWSKI QUARTETTE.
T. AdamowskI, 1st violin. M. Zach, viola.
A. Moldawer, 24 violin. J. AdamowskI, 'cello.
Members of Boston Symphony Orchestra.
Prices, 81, 75o., and 60o.
Programmes and tickets at Meteerott's, 1110 F
street northwest. mrl5-2M
Jl Q9 3L S5 SSCDb
INCOI.N MUSIC HAM.
ARTHUR 1KISC1I, Conductor.
Wednesday, March 25, 1891, at
8 O'clock P. M.
Reserved Beat tickets, 31, $1.25. and $1.50. For
sale at John F. Ellis & Co.'s, 937 Pennsylvania
mhl5-lt8 C. H. ELLIS, Manager.
7v-xg.MASONIC A SPECIAI, COKMUNI
IWBr cation of Saint John's Lodge No. 11, F.
A. A. M.. D. 0., will be held at Masonlo Temple
MONDAY, March 10, 1891. at 3 o'clock P. M., for
the TlUrnnftft nf nt.trnifUnrr tho fiinornl nf mil. 1nfj
brother, Charles M. Skippon. Members of
oiaer loagoa rraternauy invited. Dark clothing
will bo observed. By order of tho W. M. J. C.
FILL, Secretary. mhl4-lt5
MANY OF THE SADIES OF WASH
mgtonwill bo happy to hear that tho St. Rose
Industrial School, 2023 G street northwest, has
again reopened a Department for Children's
Work. ' mh8-2ml
Tho Now Banquet Hall being completed, we
beg leavo to aunounco wo aro now prepared to
Dinner Parties, Weddings,
Receptions, Germans, Etc.
- - -
LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S
Restaurant and Cafe on H Street.
Cuisine under direction of Raymond Wotzlor,
lato chef Tuxedo Club, Now York.
DEVINE & KEENAN,
Gents' Suits Scoured and Pressed,
3C. I. UAl.XHST,
703 Ninth stroot northwest,
425 North Eutaw st., Baltimore.
COATS, 60o. PANTS, 25o. VESTS, 2Co.
ALTERING AND REPAIRING DONE
IN THE BEST MANNER.
Goods called for and delivered,
Tolophono Call, 143-2, Washington. ool2-ly
UNITED STATES HOTEL,
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J.,
UPen February 14, and oontinuo to October
1, 1891, Now management. Elegant in all its ap
pointments; 800 rooms, largo and spacious; sun
parlors; steam heat In ovory room; oluvators
olectrio bells, eto. Unobstructed view, and only
one olook from tho ocean. Finest location on tho
Island. Lato dinner. NEAL & HAMILTON.
614: Eleventh Street Northwest,
Wasiiinertoii. i. o.