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T3HCE SUNDAYHBRALD, SUNDAY. MAY 3, 1891.
Magnificent Scope of the
A GRAND SUMMER UNIVERSITY
Although tho newspapers of tbc city have
devoted much space to the splendid educa
tional enterprise now well under way on tho
upper Potomac, few people not directly Inter
ested have formed any adequate idea of tho
scope of tho planB of tho Glen Echo Chau
tauqua. In a general way most Intelligent
Americans are familiar with the Chautauqua
idea. They know that a vast amount of good
on educational and religious lines have been
accomplished by tho Chautauqua schools and
circles. Thousands of peoploinall partsOf tho
country have been stimulated to read, study,
and develop themselves intellectually by the
influences disseminated by the noble men and
women who have been leaders in the Chau
tauqua movement. Thev bavo been made in
this way better able to take care ot them
selves In tho battle of life, and they have be
come better men and women and better citi
zens. They have been brought into touch
with the great intellectual currents of tho
age and their lives have been broadened as
their minds have became trained, enlight
ened, and strengthened.
"Washington for many obvious reasons offers
peculiar advantages for a great Chautauqua
University. Not only is It the centre of tho
political activity ot the country, but it is fast
becoming the art, educational, and Intellec
tual centre as well. Here more and more
every year gather the best people of the coun
try, if not for permanent residence, at least
for prolonged sojourns. Returning to their
homes, they carry with them and disseminate
in every part of the land the Ideas they have
imbibed in Washington. Thus it wJH be seen
that the National Capital is admirably fitted
as a field for such a great Chautauquan uni
versity as that which a number of our public
spirited citizens have founded amid the
beautiful scenery of Glen Echo.
Perhaps the idea underlying the whole
Chautauqua movement can be most clearly
and readily convoyed in the words of itsnoble
originator, the Rev. Dr. J. H. Vlncojgfewho
began his great work nearly twenty-fiyf "years
ago. "It waB," Dr. Vincent said, "to Involve
a course of reading, and strictly covering the
principal subjects of the college curriculum,
but omitting of necessity its drill In languages
and mathematics, giving to the English reader
an outlook over the field of learning and 6omo
acquaintance with the masterpieces of
literature, ancient and modern, em
ploying hand-books and compendiums for
the mastery of outlines and appointing
more extensive work to be read a course
which the individual could pursue alone, If
necessary, yet adapted for associated study.
It was sufficiently simple to Invite tho masses
and to lead them on without discouragement
from Its difficulties or its extent, yet so
thorough as not to be deemed superficial by
tho more learned. Above all, it was to bring
the bIx secular days of the week into harmony
of purpose with tho Sabbath, not only by
recognizing the Bible as a department of its
Btudy, but more especially by having the
entire course penetrated with thespirit of ro
mance and faith,"
It was not until the year 1874 that Bishop
Vincent's ideas boro tangible fruit. In the
summer ot that year wa6 nold the first Chau
tauqua assembly at Chautauqua Lake, New
York. Then began that splendid develop
ment of Bishop Vincent's ideas, which has
6ince done such widespread good, and which
is now to receive a fre6h impetus at the GJen
The course of studies pursued at Chautau
qua, and which in the main will be adhered to
at Glen Echo, embraces the general subjects
of history, science, literature, and Bible study,
with a few branches which might be included
under home and character. Greece, Rome,
England, and America are the four leading
subjects in history, with an occasional histo
rical study. These sciences of astronomy,
geology, physiology, biology, natural philos
ophy, and political economy are treated in
science primers arid plain, practical philo
sophical works. Tho field of general literature
is surveyed by means of selections from the
greatest authors, translated from Homer, Vir
gil, Demosthenes, and Cicero, selected plays of
Shakespeare, poems of Milton, Macauiey's
essays, and extracts from the writings of the
most important periods of English history, as
well as manuals prepared especially for the
course. The studies are so arranged that all
the classes have an Interest in the focal circle.
Tho local circle is not a necessity but an ad
vantage. The opportunities for Interchange
of thought, the reading and discussion of
papers prepared by competent authors, the
stimulation to read, where one alone might
become discouraged and cea6e to pursue the
course, are 6ome of the many ways in which
it is helpful. In some cities, as St. Paul,
Minneapolis, and Pittsburg, a central circle is
formed.of all the local circles, for purpose
of union, conducting courses 01 lectures,
concerts, etc., especially adapted to
Glen Eclio Chautauqua.
ON THE UPPER POTOMAC
. During tho session of tho assembly tho com
ing suinmer someof the m6st eminent men In
tho country will appear in tho lecture and en
tertainment courses. Among them may bo
mentioned tho following, who have already
Dr. T. DoWitt Talmage, one
address and a
Dr. Lymau Abbott, one lecture.
Jehu DoWitt Miller, one of the most
cossful platform lecturers of tho day, a
llant ana versatile man.
John B. DeMotto, of DePauw University,
will deliver a series of lectures on scientific
subject, with the most brilliant experiments
Madame Lydla Von Flnklestlen Mamreov
Mountford, a series of brilliant costume lec
tures on life In tho Orient.
Dr. Lysander DIckorman, a course of four
lectures on Egyptology, Illustrated by stero-
optlcon views. Dr. Dlckerman is easily the
first Egyptologist of America.
Rev. P. S. Henson, D. D., of Chicago, tho
brilliant and witty divine, 60 widely known
as tho successful pastor of tho First Baptist
Bishop Vincent, chancellor of New York
Thomas Nel6on Page, tho well-known
author of "MarseChan" and "Meh Lady,"
will read from bis writings and lecture.
Maurice Thompson, whoso articles in the
Century and Scrioncr's and books have made
his name a household word, will give two
readings and a lecture.
Rev. Russell Con well, the brilliant and ver
satile lecturer, will deliver two lectures.
Dr. Jessie L. Hurlbut, editor ot the Sunday
School Journal, and principal of the C. L. S.
C.,wlll conduct the normal class for Sunday
Mr. Leon H. Vincent, of Philadelphia, will
deliver a course of five lectures on literary
Dr. W. L. Davinson, superintendent of
Mountain Lake Park Assembly, and an ac
complished traveler and student, will deliver
an illustrated lecturo on "Shakespeare and His
- Among other attractions will be the Royal
Hand-Bell Ringers of London, England; the
Swedish Male Quartette, tho New York Stars,
Nella Brown-Pond, the famous Ben Hur
Tableaux Company, Mr6. Mary Livermore,
and a first-class orchestra and band.
In addition to these, which will be In a large
measure of an interesting character, lectures
intended to be almost entirely educational
will bo delivered by a number of distinguished
men. First, there will be a course of lectures
on "Recent Archailogical Discoveries in Pales
tine," by the Rev. T. F. Wright, American
secretary of the Palestine exploration fund.
This series will be three in number, and tho
following are the titles:
I. "Recent Discoveries in Palestine."
II. "Palestine as it Was."
III. "Palestine as it Is."
Mr. Wright has also been engaged for a
series of philosophical lectures on the follow
I. "The Pre-Socratlc Period."
II. "Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle."
III. "The Middle Period."
IV. "The Modern Philosophers."
V. "The German Idealists."
The third series will bo upon the "Eco
nomic Problems of the Present Day," by Pro
fessor W. A. Scott, of Johns nopkins Uni
versity, and the topics will be:
I. "Causes for the Existence of the present
III. "The Single Tax."
V. "Labor Organizations."
At tho close of each lecture of this series a
printed syllabus of the lecture will bo distrib
uted to those in attendance, and at the close
of the course an examination will bo con
ducted upon the plan of university extension.
A fourth Berles, and possibly the most popu
lar of all, will be by Miss Jane Meade Welch,
of New York, on American history.
I. "The Making of the Constitution."
II. "Alexander Hamilton."
III. "Thomas Jefferson."
IV. "War of 1812."
V. "John Qulncy Adam6 and Andrew Jack
son." VI. "The Capture of a Commonwealth."
The fifth series of lectures will beupon liter
ary characters to be delivered by Leon II. Vin
cent, of Philadelphia, His subjects will be:
V. " George Eliot."
In addition to these formal lectures there will
be the daily meetings of the C. L. S. C, which,
at Chautauqua and elsewhere, are known as
"round tables." They are gatherings of
students of this home college, each interested
in the same text books aud in the examina
tion which closes each year's work. At these
"round tables" topics are discussed covering
a wide range; methods ot organizing and con
ducting local circles of the C. L. S. C; dif
ficulties and advantages of the readings;
criticism upon the text books and the articles
in the Chautauquan bearing upon the subjects;
common errors of speech; difficulties of pro
nunciation, and kindred topics. On Sunday
this meeting takes a peculiar character; at 5
o'clock in the afternoon is held what Is called
the Chautauqua Sunday vesper service. A
printed form of responsive service, with
hvmns, is distributed to tho nudleuce, and
after this part of tho servlco is concluded
there is usually a brief address, or a series of
them, upon topics adapted to tho day and in
some wnys related to tho lines of work.
Of tho lectures mentioned above, nothing
need be said of tho Rov. G. Do Witt Talmage,
Chancellor Vlncont, of Chautauqua, and Rev.
Dr. Lyman Abbott. Their names are house
hold words in every home in tho laud. Al
most as well known is Thomas Nelson Pago,
tho Virginia wrltor, whoso exquisite stories of
soutucru me, mil ot quaint numor anu a pa
thos that no heart can resist, have ondoared
him to thousands of American readers and
given him a foremost position among tho lit
erary men of tho day. Maurice Thompson,
tho poet and general literary worker, is an
other gentleman who stands among tho most
noted of American nut dors.
Auother man not as well known here, but
sure to bo popular, is Professor John B.
Dcmottc, of the Do Pauw University, an ac
complished scioutist known by men of tho
laboratory and study on both sides tho Atlantic,
lie is one of tho most skillful manipulators of
scientific apparatus and popular lecturers in
the land. lie brings with him an immense
amount of valuable apparatus, including a
light-house lantern valued at 4,000. One of
his niOBt startling experiments Is tho projec
tion upon the screen in delicate and beautiful
geometric figure ot th sound of tho human
voico or musical instrument, showing for
each tone or half tone 'of tho'scalo a. distinct
figure. Dr. Lysander Dlckermau, tho famous
Egypt plogist, with the aid of sets of lantern
slides which ho has prepared at great expense,
will show us tho land of tho Pharoahs as 1
was when Moses 8aw it.
A name not yet mentioned, hut one that
is suro to attract as widespread interest
as any on tho liBts, is that of ox-Senator John
J . J.ngttll6, tno Driiuant .Kansas orator. iur.
Ingalls's lecturo will bo on "Tho Problems of
Our Second .Century."
These are only a few of tho noted men who
will appear during the sessions of the Glen
Echo Chautauqua, and contribute to its edu
cational features as well as to what may be
called the more intellectual entertainment.
Lighter entertainments of all kinds will bo
provided in abundance. There will be a large
number of musical entertainments during tho
sessions. There will be, for Instance, the con
certs to be given by a large chorus conducted
by Prof. C. C. Case, of Cleveland, who has
had twelve years of experienco in assembly
work. Ho ws one of the pioneer loaders of
music at Chautauqua, and resigned his posi
tion there three years ago to take charge of
tbo music at the Piedmont Chautauqua, near
Atlanta, Ga. Tho chorus will be supported
by a powerful pipe organ, for which negotla
tions are now in progress, and splendid or
chestra of twenty pieces, every man of
which is thoroughly familiar with Chautau
qua work, and ls'complete master of tho In
strument he bundles. There will be
solos by noted people, including Guiseppo
Vltale, of New York, a young violinist of
growing fame; Miss Anna Park, of Boston, one
of the finest lady cornetists in the country;
vocal solos by Professor Mark C. Baker, of
Elmlra, N. Y., a tenor of rare purity and
power of voice; Miss Gertrude Smith, of tho
Wesieyan University, of Delaware, Ohio, and
some of our own Washington favorites; con
certs by the Now York Stare, a company of
musicians of first rank, and the famous Swed
ish Male Quartette; piano recitals and lectures
on music by the well-known composer and
artist, Constantin Sternberg. The arrange
ments for the musical department are not yet
complete, but enough has been outlined to
make it certain that the music will be a most
delightful feature of the coming summer as
sembly. It is likely that among the musical
entertainments will also be included concerts
by the Marine Baud and the Washington
Choral Society, for which negotiations are now
While chief attention will be given to the
more intellectual forms of amusement, ath
letics and out-door sports will not be neg
lected at Glen Echo. A well-equipped gym
nasium has already been arranged for, which
will bo in charge of Dr. William G. Anderson,
of Brooklyn. While the building to be used
for this year will bo a temporary structure,
the equipment will bo in every way first class,
aud the fact that Dr. Anderson will have
charge of the department will insure its suc
cessful management. He will also have over
sight of tbo out-door sports and entertain
ments, Including base ball, lawn tennis,
archery, and other games. These sports and
contests of strength will be supplemented by
a great variety of entertainments.
A commodious boat-house will be erected on
the banks of the Potomac, where a number of
boats of tho most, approved construction for
beauty and safety will be kept in charge of
experienced boat-men, to whose charge chil
dren can be committed with entire safety.
A noble feature of the great amphitheatre at
Glen Echo will be '.a magnificent chorus pipe
organ, the contract for which was recently
made with the Burckhoff Church Organ Com
pany, of Salem, Ohio. This organ will bo a
thing of beauty as well as one of the most
Eowerful instruments in tho country. It will
ein place in the amphitheatre before the 15th
From the above will be gathered some just
Idea of tho educational scope of the splendid
enterprise which has been undertaken at Glen
Echo. It cannot bo doubted that great
throngs of people will gather at the beautiful
spot on tho Upper Potomac during tho entire
summer as well as during the sessions of the
To give a clear Idea to tho general public of
just what a day's proceedings at Glen Echo
Chautauqua will bo like tho following pro
gramme for June 17 is appended:
8 A. M. Class work.
0 A. M. Bunday-school, Normal Woman's
Temperance Training School; lecture, Mr.
Leon II, Vincent, "Hawthorne's Voice Culture
and Harmony Classes."
10 A. M. Lecture, Dr. William R. Harper,
Yale University, "Some Features of System
atic Bible Study."
Lecture, Mrs. Emma P. Ewing,
11 A. M. -Amphitheatre lecture, Rev. Rus
sell Conwell, D. D., "Acres of Diamonds."
2 P. M. Musical prelude, the Rogers Band;
Miss Alice Raymond, cornet solo.
3:30 P. M. Lecture, Dr. T. DeWitt Tal
4 P. M. Lecture: Miss Jane Mead Welch,
"The Making of the Constitution."
5 P. M. C. L. S, C. Round Table.
0:80 P. M. Eventide Concert. The Rogers
7 P. M. Chorus Rehearsal, conducted by
Professor C. C. Ca6e,
8 P. M. Lecture. W. L. Davidson, D. D.
In and about Shakespeare's home, with aseries
of fine sterioptlcon illustrations.
Tho following is an incomplete list of
lectures and entertainments:
Rev. Russell Conwell, D. D. Philadelphia.
"Acres of Diamonds."
"The JolJy Earthquake."
June 17 and 18.
W. L. Davidson. D D.
In and about Shakespeare's home; etereopticon
T. DoWitt Talmage.
Juno 1G and 17.
Hon. John J. Ingalls, Kansas.
"Tho Problems ot Our Second Century."
Dr. John B. Dcmotte, Do l'nuw University.
1. "Tho Light-house tho Sentinel of tbb Sea."
2. "Tho Witcbcrv of a Glance; or, How a
Beam of Light Tolls a Story."
8. "Enchanting Sounds and Those who Hoar
All brilliantly Illustrated by experiments
Juno 18, 10, and 20.
Thomas Nelson Pago, Richmond, Va.
"Readings from his own Writings and Lec
ture." Juno 22 and 23.
Georgo L. Spinning, D. D. i
"Rome" (not seriously considered.)
"Over the Alps Into Italy."
Juno 28 and 24.
William 11. Harper, D. D.
"Tho Study of tho Hobrow Psalter."
"The Divine and Human Element In Proph
ecy." Juno 17 and 18.
Swedish Male Quartette.
Two concerts, Juno 10 an 20.
Chancellor John H. Vincent, LL. J).
"Tim and His Teachers."
Juno 24 and 25.
Lyman Abbott, D. D., pastor Plymouth
Topic to bo announced.
Tho New York Stars Eleanor Beeby, so
prano; Miss Fielding Rosello, contralto; Mr.
C. C. Ferguson, tenor; Mr. W, E. Harper,
bass; Mr. Victor Harris, pianist. Threo con-'
Juno 24, 25, and 20. ,
James A. Green, Cincinnati, Ohio.
"Tho People of London."
"Views Afoot In lrolaud," stereoptlcon illus
trations. Juno 20 and 27.
John DeWitt Miller.
"Tho Uses of Ugliness."
"The stranger at Our Gates."
Juno 27 and 29.
Readings from his own writings and lecture.
Juue 29 and 80.
Lysander Dlckerman, Now York.
"On the Nile in tho Time of Moses."
"Egyptian Art and Architecture."
Rev. Thomas Dixon, New York.
June 30 July 1.
Mr. H. A. Moore.
Two lectures on the great operas, with illus
trative selections by the chorus, and
projections of the stage settings.
"Tho Fatoof Republics."
Samuel G. Smith, D. D., St. Paul, Minn.
"Pray and Grow Fat."
"Tho Gospel of Dollars."
Juno 10 and 20.
Mrs. Mary E. Griffith.
"The Indian Problem."
Jane Meade Welch.
Five lectures on American History.
Mr. Leon H. Vincent.
Five lectures on "Literary Character."
Dr. T. P. Wright, Cambridge, Mass.
Three lectures on "Palestine."
Five lectures on "The History of Philosophy."
June 10, July 1.
Mrs. Emma P. Ewing.
Ten lectures on "Domostic Science."
Dr. John J. Lailerty, Richmond, Va.
Lecture and Sermon.
Date to be fixed.
Poter Von Tlnklesteln Mamreov.
Lecture on Oriental Life aud Oriental Mu
seums. Professor W. A. Scott, Johns Hopkins Uni
versity. Six lectures on Economic Problems of the
Some things are yet unsettled, and will be
The Musical Features Include tho follow
ing: 1. The great chorus under the direction of
Professor C. C. Ca6e.t
THE llXhlj OF
2, Organ recitals upon the splendid chorus
organ now being built by the Carl Burckhoff
Organ Company for the place.
3, Piano recitals by Prof. Constantin Stern,
8. Cornet solos by Alice Raymond, of
Washington, and Miss Annie Park, of Boston.
4, Violin solos by Guiseppo Vitale, a Now
York violinist of great ability.
Vocal solos by Prof. Marc C. Buker, tenor;
Mrs. Jennie Hall Wade, Gertrude Smith, bo
pranos, and many others,
Concert by the famous Georgetown Or
chestra. Tho band of publlc-spliited citizens who
are engaged in the great work of making this
invaluable addition to the attractions of the
National Capital havo taken amplo measures
to accommodate all who wish to avail them
selves of the varied advantages of Glen Echo
Chautauqua. They have planned and are
rapidly pushing to completion a number of
splendid structures, about which
summer colony will gather.
Chief of these structures is tho big amphi
theatre, which will bo capable of accommo
dating 10,000 people. This structuro will
necessarily bo of most Imposing dimensions,
and its design is a triumph of architectural
skill and beauty. Tho material, as of tho
othei main structures, Is granite, and will en
dure almost forever. Tho utmost caro will bo
taken to mako the acoustic properties of tho
great hall perfect, and tho seating arrange
ments will bo admirable. The nmphlthcatro
ts now rapidly approaching completion, and
Is expected to bo ready for occupancy by tho
first of June.
Next to tho crcat nmphltheatro In impor
tance will bo tho Hall of Philosophy. This
will .stand on tho summit of a blurt which
rUes to'a height of 100 feet above tho Potomac.
Tho architects plan is such as to mako tho
onter walls on the side of the hall next tho
glen follow tho contour of tho sldo of tho -cliff,
and as you stand below and look up it
seems as if the walls of tho building wero a
part of tho bluff. Tho rotunda is so con
structed in relation to tho rest of tho building -as
to mako one room of tho upper floor, and ,
the 6eats will bo so arranged that from every
part of tbo building the platform may bo seen
and tho speaker beard. Tho building'
Is two stories in height. In tho
lower story will be located a serieB
of class-rooms, a reading and writ
ing room, and an office for tho C. L. S. C.
The second story is ono large room, and will
accommodate 400 people. From it a most in
spiring viow of tho Potomac and tho Virginia
hills on tbo opposite side can bo had. while its .
elevation makes it certain that at all hours of
the day it will be delightfully cool and pleas
ant. In addition to these buildings others
will bo rapidly pushed to completion for a
normal school to accommodate 400 people, an
art school, and a number of other buildings
for educational and other purposes.
Tho Glen Echo Chautauqua Is tho fifty
third of theso institutions that havo been-i
founded in the United States. It is chartered
under tho laws of Maryland. Tho charter
makes provision for $1,000,000 to bo used in
the construction cf buildings, together with
the necessary improvement of tho grounds,
etc. Tho incorporators arc B. H. Warner,
John W. Thompson, S. W. Woodward, Maj.
John W. Powell, Commissioner of Education
William T. Harris, A. T. Brittou, Bishop
Hurst, Dr. A. H. Gillet, Rev. Dr. Georgo -Elliott,
Rev. Dr. Hershey, Rov. Dr. Corey,
Rev. Dr. Sunderland, Rev. Dr. Baldwin, Rev.
Dr. Naylor, Rev. Dr. Newrnau, Rev. Dr. Ham
lin.Rev.Dr. Bartlett, Rev. Dr.Butler,Rcv.Dr..J.
H.EllIott. Rev. Dr.McKim, Elijah W. Halford,
Rev. Dr. Shippen, Rev. Dr. Power, Dr. Green,
Dr. William A. Hammond, George Peter,
James B. Hondersou, Hattersly W. Talbott, ,
James Anderson, Thomas Anderson, William
V. Bouic, Jr., Judge John Vinson, Adam S.
Pratt, Gen. Drum, Edward Baltzley, Robert .
Ball, Arthur B. Cropley, H. Bradley Davidson,.,
L. de F. Jennings, Fletcher Johnson, Georgo
A. Jordan, Edwin Baltzley, Louis D. Wine,
John W. Warner, Nathaniel B. Fugltt, Robert .
Bradley, J. F. Stoek, Spencer Watklns, J. H.
Miller, Beriah Wilklns, Rev. Dr. Douglas,
Frank S. Osborn, and others.
A board of five trustees, consisting of Hon. .
William T. Harris, Dr. A. H. Gillott, A. S.
Pratt, James B. Henderson, and E. Baltzley,
will conduct the business of the association.
Mr. Harris is United States Commissioner of"
Education. Dr. Gillett for slxten yeara
past baB been engaged in Chautauqua work,
and is tbo field secretary of the Chautauqua
Literary and Scientific Circle. A.S.Pratt is.
the senior member of the well-known firm.of"
A. S. Pratt & Sons. James B. Henderson is a
well-known Rockvillo attorney. Dr. Gillett
has been chosen chancellor.
It Is needless to say that the people o"
Washington have already become very enthu
siastic over the varied attractions that Glen.
Echo will offer as a summer resort and resi
dence, as well as over its splendid educa
tional facilities and sources of entertainment.
To those who have ever visited the spot little -need
be said of the ravisbiug natural charms,
of the wooded heights, the quiet dells, the
bold bluffs, and the river winding in majestic
beauty down below. Assuredly thero is no
spot within many miles of Washington that
offers anything like tho natural attractions to
be found about Glen Echo. When to these
are added the picturesque and imposing build
ings, the shaded wilks, and tho Innumerable
other Improvements contemplated, Glen
Echo will bo like a dream of fairyland
realized. Not only Washington peoplo per
ceive what a delightful and profitable summer
residence Glen Echo will be, but people from
HAIX OF PHILOSOPHY V
all parts of tho country as well. Tho de
mand for building sites has been very brisk
ever since the great project took form, and
those who wish to secure them at first hand
should not delay applying at the offico of tbo
secretary. In tho Baltimore Sun building on F '
street. There is not a doubt that after the
lots have passed out of the bands of tho asso
ciation they will quickly jump up to tho fan
ciest kind of fancy prices, as has been tho
case at the original Chautauqua, Tho lots are
limited In number and at the rate at which
they are now being disposed of all will be
snatched up lu a short time.
To those who may bo unable to erect cot
tages upon tho lots which they purchase for
the coming session the association will bo
able to rent high-walled tents at very reasona
ble cost. The delight of camping will be
greatly enhanced by the fact that these tents
can be furnished with electric lights at a
reasonable additional cost,