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THE-SUN-BAY HEIt'ALD, AUGUST 16. 1891.
EEAL ESTATE AND BTTILDING.
The Extreme Hot Weather Causes a Lull
FEW PERMITS FOR NEW HOUSES TAKEN OUT.
J Tulle A.loxl tlie JJxiliatiiK Trade Mnny 3?ulnteiH Ovrl
The summer dullness which for the past
month haB made the real estate market prac
tically inactive seems Anally to have struck
building operations, as evidenced by the num
ber of permits issued during the past week.
This condition Is probably indirectly due to
the intense heat of a few days of last week.
It is not unusual, however, at this time of
the year for the number of permits issued to
drop considerably for about a month. The
Inactivity will last no longer than a month, if
it does continue, as most of the business men
of Washington will have returned by the
middle of September and operations begin to
pick up atrain.
The total number of permits issued week
before la6t contrast strongly with those of the
past week. During the former period 37 per
mits were issued, covering the erection of 103
houses, to cost $190,SO0. Last week there
were but 17 permits issued for the construc
tion of but SO bouses, at a total cost of $78,
200. The difference is very marked. A pe
culiar fact is the absence of a single permit to
build in the Eouthwest section, where buildinc
has been so active 'during this spring and
summer. The houses for which permits were
taken out are all small ones, the most ex
pensive being that of Mrs. F. J. Tilford, at
1336 New Hampshire avenue, to cost $15,000.
The permits issued covered the erection of
13 buildings in the northwest section, to cost
$48,100; 6 in the northeast section, to cost
$18,000; 10 in the southeast section, to cost
$5,400, and 7 in the county, to cost $11,700.
THE ACTIVITY IN BUILDING.
More Xew Structures Goinc
Year Than Last.
"I find building operations just about
active this season as they were last," said Mr,
unanes .a. j,angiey in conversation with a
Herald reporter, "but the total number of
buildings, I think, will be in excess of that of
last year. This will be due to the large num
ber ot 6maH houses which are being erected
in the northeast and southeast sections of the
city. The readiness with which small, com
fortable and well-built houses are rented has
led many builders to construct row after row
of houses of this character. There are not
many large residences building here now,
though I have several large contracts on band.
The most important Is that of the United
Service Club, the construction of which, at
the corner of Connecticut avenue and I street,
I am rapidly pushing to completion. The
next house which I will erect will be that
which Mr. H. R. Dulaney, of Dulaney &
"Whiting, will build on "Washington Heights.
It will be a very handsome house, and will
cost in the neighborhood of $12,000. Another
element which is largely increasing the build
ing trade of the city is the suburban. Not
only are many houses building upon all the
well-known suburban subdivisions, but many
of them are large and handsome and cost
many thousands of dollars. The materials
which are used in construction change but
little, varying now and then in interior finish
ings, but mainly they are of the same general
kind. The price, too, has remained about the
same except in bricks. Not so many years
ago the demand for bricks was much greater
than the supply, and consequently the dealers
took advantage of the situation and run up
the price. Other firms, however, entered the
field, 60 that now competition is so great that
bricks can be obtained at prices from $2 to
$2.50 cheaper a thousand than formerly.
"Yes, I believe that the operations in build
ing are so active that but few laborers are out
of work, and I believe, too, that the Eight
hour law had the effect which was claimed for
it of giving more men employment as under
the new law the shorter time makes it neces
sary to employ one more man in every eight."
"If one can judge by the amount of supplies
we are providing local plumbers with," said
Mr. Charles McCubben, the "Washington man
ager of Henry McShane it Co., dealers in
plumbing, steam and ga6 fitting supplies, "the
plumbers of this city mu6t have plenty of
work on their hands. Our bU6ine6B has more
than doubled itself in the paEt year and now
that we have gotten into our new quarters we
can better supply our patrons."
MANY PAINTERS IDLE.
Sir. aiacnlcltol Advances gome Reasons
for the Dullness in Ills Trade
1 'Have you all the men you need ?' ' asked two
journeymen paiuters of Mr, C. Macnicbol, jr.,
of the firm of Macnlchol fcgon, as he stood in
front of his office at 415 Tenth street north
west, a few days ago. They had their work
ing outfits under their arms and were evidently
prepared to go to work at once,
"I'm sorry to say I haven't work for any
more," replied Mr. Macnicbol, and the two
men turned away to ask the same question at
the next paint shop. "That is an incident,"
said Mr. Macnicbol to allEiULD reporter,
"which occurs here a dozen times a day."
Mr. Macnicbol is one of the Jaest informed
men in the painting business in "the cityj'7aud
Is Secretary of the Master Painters' Associa
tion. "This season," he continued, "has been
an unusually dull one for our business.
There are a larger number of painters out of
work in this city, than I have known for a
long time. The men travel in pairs as you
just 6aw those two, going from shop to shop
seeking employment. I can not estimate how
many painters arc out of work in the city at
present, as our relations with the journeymen
since the strike for eight hours was inaugu
rated has not been such that I could tell.
This strike had a bad effect on business. 13y
the way, on last Friday night the strike was
declared off as a failure. But there are more
painters in the city than were before. The
sprinsr Is usually our dull season In "Washing
ton, and at that time many of our painters go
Njrtb. The busy 6eason there ends in May or
June and then they return. This year, how
ever, they can find very little to do here.
What the reasons are for the dullness
In our trade this season I cannot say.
There are a number of apparent causes
but they don't 6eem satisfactory to me. Wash
ington has its periods of activity and dullness,
and this is one of the latter. We do a great
deal of work in all the largo business houses
in the city, and the dullness in their lines ol
business has its effect upon us. Then, too,
most of the building which is being done now
consists of rows ot small houses in which but
little painting is done.
"The change in the 6tyle of interior decora
tion has aided our business not a little. The
days of the wall paper are coming to a close,
and that Is why so many paper dealers and
paper-hangers now have added to their signs
the word 'decorator.' Everything now tends
toward an appearance of plainness and homli
ness in .vail decoration rather than gaudi
ne68. Elaborate frescoing and frieze work
have gone out of date, while plain wall6
painted in soft, subdued colors have su
perceded them. I do not know of but
one piece of fresco work that is being
done in this city. That is at the Capitol, and
It would not surprise me if this was the only
work of this kind that is being donejn the
country. Th6 elaborateness in interior decora
tion Is now accomplished In the furnishing of
the house and not in the decoration of the
lumber Inspector Riley Replies.
At the time Lumber Inspector Thomas R.
Riley submitted his aunual report 6ome citi
zens complained that he was in the habit of
employing an assistant to do most of his work.
The matter was referred to the Attorney for
the District who rendered an opinion that the
lumber Inspector was not at liberty to em
ploy an assistant and at the same time con
sistently attend to the spirit of the law as to
his duties. This was referred to Mr. Riley who
sent his reply to the Commissioners last
Thursday. In It he stated that he does not
habitually employ an assistant to attend to
his official duties, but gives them his personal
attention. He admitted that he has an assist
ant who, he said, is a practical and experi
enced lumberman, to mark lumber for him,
but ho does it under his personal supervision
and attention. Mr. Riley stated that under
pressure of work his assistant has marked and
tallied lumber, but that It amounted really to
his Inspection, as he was responsible for it.
Mr. Riley asks, if under a pressure of work,
he has the right to employ an assistant.
Auction Sales of Real Estate.
On account of the excessive heat and gen
eral dullness in real estate matters, the auc
tioneers appear to be those who make the
moBt sales. Among recent transactions Rat
cllffe, Darr & Co. report the following sales:
To James L. Barbour for James L. Norrls,
executor, brick house No. 225 E street north
west, lot 20x100, $7,200; to Smith Pettlt for
8wormstedt & Bradley, trustees, three-story
brick house, corner Fifth and F streets north
east, lot 15.8x05, $3,525; to A. Iludh lot 0,
square 835, fronting 52 feet on F street north
east by depth of 100 feet, for 78 cents squnre
foot; to Armat Stoddart three-story and man
sard roof brick house No. 826 Fifth street
northeast, lot 16Jx90 feet, $4,400; to R. B.
Peters forM. M. Parker and H. K. Willard,
trustees, frame cottage on Scott avenue near
Seventh street northwest, lot 50x100, $1,530;
to Calvin Payne for H. I. Meador, executor,
one brick house No. 910 M street southeast,
lot 10x75.0, $1,100.
. , . .
The District's Revenues.
The annual report of Collector of Taxes E.
G. Davis which was submitted to the Com
missioners on Friday shows that during the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, taxes to the
amount of $2,874,232, were collected. Of this
amount the realty tax was $2,094,492.66;
personal tax, $169,624.79; penalties, $67,147.29;
miscellaneous items, $272,100.80; water fund,
$270,866.47. Amount of reduction in assess
ments, $7,884.09; amount of uncollected taxes,
$736,564.42; making a grand total of $3,018,
180,52. William Wheatley has bought an undivided
one-eighth interest in part of lot 5, B, andH.
addition to Georgetown, from Rezln W.
Darby, for $4,000. The lot Is subject to a
trust of $10,000. It fronts 48 feet ou High
William B. Matthew and Carlton Spalde
have purchased for $9,400, from David G.
Swaim, a half interest in part of lot 25, in
Sherman'a sub. of land on Fourteenth street.
The lot fronts 50 feet on that street.
An IntoroBtlnfr Report Submitted by As-
Mntunt Kngincer Spnldlnj;.
Assistant Engineer Fred. P. Spalding, In
chnrgo of tho subdivision of -lands by tho En
gineer Department of tho District, in his an
nual report 6tates some facts of interest to
those engaged in real estate transactions.
Sixteen subdivisions wcro approved and sur
veys made and plats prcpnrcd showing tho
positions ot streets In fifteen cases whero no
subdivision has been made as yot. In tho
subdivisions approved during tho year devia
tions from tho direct oxtension of tho streets
as laid out In tho city was allowed in threo
instances. In the Palisades of the Potomac
tho situation of tho property was such that
tho streets running cast and west had to bo
deflected so as to run almost perpendicular
to tho Conduit road. At Inglesldo tho to
pography made it impossible to subdivide tho
land in accordance with tho regular system.
In tho case ot Brightwood Park it was de
cided to continue tho Pctworth plan as far as
Bhopherd's road and there change to the city
system. Tho report urges tho immediate
necessity of some definite action regarding
tho subdivisions, and especially those near tho
city, whoso streets are now laid out Irregu
larly. The element of uncertainty' In this
matter which now exists renders it impossible
to form rational plans for new subdivisions in
tho vicinity of these irregular ones.
The law, Mr. Spalding 6ays, which now reg
ulates the subdivision ot land In tho District
has been In operation two years, and has not
only been successful but very beneficial. Mr.
Spalding states that should the amount of his
work continue as great as it is at present his
department will suffer from too small a force
of employes. The report calls attention to
the necessity of some means of permanently
marking the lines of streets in new subdivis
ions, and provision should bo made by which
this department should establish such marks
in each case as might seem necessary to pre
vent the loss of the line of the new streets.
Mr. Spalding considers it of first importanco
that the work of diagonal avenues should be
extended and that new avenues should be laid
out upon the most available lines to facilitate
communication in all directions throughout
The report concludes with tho statement
that the subdivision of tho outlying parts of
the District is now progressing at a very rapid
rate, and whether or not the improvement
and occupation by residence of these new
subdivisions will be as rapid as Is predicted
by their promoters, the fact remains that this
development when it does come is to be upon
the lines now being laid down, and a proper
regard for economy as well as for the sym
metry and beauty of this great city of the
future suggests a careful consideration now
of the best means of controlling that most Im
portant factor in its well being the plan
upon which it is to be built.
DISTRICT BUILDING NOTES.
Mr. L. D. Wine has accepted his appoint
ment as a member of the vlsltinc committee
of the Washington Asylum.
Commissioner Ross, accompanied by his
family, left for Orkney Springs yesterday
morning at 11 o'clock. Ho will return next
A new sewer fifteen inches in diameter will
be laid on Eleventh street, between B and
Pennsylvania avenue, to replace tho old one,
which Is in such bad condition that It will be
filled in. The estimated cost of tho work is
Mr. Philip Young, of Georgetown, has
written a communication to the Commission
ers requesting that the Tennallytown road be
sprinkled once a day. He states that the road
is In a dusty and disagreeable condition. The
matter was referred to Mr. Arnold, superin
tendent of street cleaning.
The Commissioners have approved a recom
mendation recently made by Captain Luck
that the Washington and Georgetown Gaslight
Company be requested to forward each week
to tho Engineer Department the location of all
cuts that have been made in the pavement by
their employes In making repairs. This is
done in order that the accounts of street re
pairing can be more accurately kept.
The Commissioners have approved the ap
plications for liquor licenses of John C.
O'Donoghue, 1300: Thirty-fifth street north
west, wholesale; Philip Maloney, 2063 E street
northwest, wholesale, and Thomas P. Ryan,
027 Twenty-fourth 6treet northwest, retail.
They have rejected tho applications for whole
sale licenses made by John C. Clark, 2030 New
York avenue; Markus R. King, 1033 Third
street northwest, and Patrick McCormlck,
Seventh and B streets southeast.
REAL ESTATE NOTES.
Mobs Gunnell ha6 bought for $12,900 from
John F. Waggaman part of lot 20, in square 79.
Jean M. D. Lander has purchased from
Benjamin A. Colonna part of original lot 18.
in square 732, for $4,800.
Richard Robinson has purchased from John
S. Jenka et ux. for $15,000, lot 208, in square
132, of Jenks' subdivision.
John S. Swormstedt has purchased from
Grenvillo A. Whltaker for $9,800 lots 47 and 49,
in Barker et al.'s sub. of square 883.
Ieaac E. Rubeusteln has purchased from
George E. Emmons, for $7,500, part of lot 8,
in Taylor's subdivision of square 518.
Frederick A. Stier has purchased from
Harry W. Schneider for $7,500, lot 239 in'
square 862, of Schneider's subdivision.
A. M. McLachlen and R. White have sold
to Solomon Carr, lots 78 to 79, inclusive, in
square 1028. The price paid was $5,250.
John Tynam has purchased from Thomas
Joyce for $7,000 part of lot 0 in square 140.
The lot fronts 87 feet on L street northwest.
Hanora A. Rundlctt has purchased from
James H. Doty and Sherman A. Johnson east
35 feet of original lot 0, in square 183, for
The United States has purchased from
William J. W. Cowden parcel No. 34, con
tained within the limits of Rock Creek Park,
The United States has purchased from Mary
Landei s Beall parcel 80, containing 2.057 acres,
within the limits of Rock Creek Park for
$4,214. This property is on the Pierce Mill
Dr. Robert lloyburu will erect a private
stablo iu tho roar of his residence 512 Twenty
first Btreet northwest , to eo&t $750,
Tho Franklin Fire Insurance Company at
611 Twelfth street northwest, wlllexpcud $700
in adding a show window, 3x7 feet in dimen
sions, to their premises.
R. L. Parry will build for himself and II.
O. Willard two 8-story and a basement brick
dwellings at Nos. 923 and 925 S street north
west, at a. cost of $1,000.
Architect Charles E. Burden has completed
tho planB for a 2-story and cellar brick build
ing, which W. It. Coon will build for John F.
Waggainau, at No. $530 Spruce street, iu Lo
Droit Park, at a cost of $2,500.
Tho premises No. 017 F street northwest,
tho property of G. W. Johnson, will bo Im
proved at onco by an expenditure ot $1,000 on
general repairs and putting iu a storo in tho
basement. Tho work will be doho by Stewart
Langdon Park is to be Improved by tho
erection of a $1,200 frame dwelling for Mr.
Pace by John F. Ackers, the architect and
builder. Tho house will be a 2-story framo
and will be built at tho corner of Twenty
second and Cincinnati streets.
Mr. J. II. Lane Is tho architect, builder and
owner of two pretty dwellincB which will be
constructed In West Eckington, at Nos. 11G
and 118 R street. They will bo constructed of
brick and stone, will have two stories and a
cellar, and will cost$3,000 each.
Architect F. G. Atkinson has prepared plans
for a row of five two-story and cellar brick
dwellings which Myroil M. Parker will build
at a cost ot $13,000 at Nos. 715 to 713 Third
northeast. Each house will have a square bay
window with tho c irners cut off.
Architect B. Stanley Simmons has com
pleted plans for a row of five 2-story and base
ment brick dwellings, to be erected at Nos.
18 to 21 Q street northwest, by Contractor W.
A. Vaughn, for Mr. L. Simmons. Tho houses
will bo 17x32 feet in dimensions with a front
of pressed brick.
Mr. E. N. Waters, of the real estate firm of
Waters &, Thompson, will build for himself
at a-cost of $5,000 a handsome three-story and
cellar residence at No. 212 Eighth street
northeast. The front will be of pressed brick
and will have a large oriel bay window Its en
tiro length. Waters & Thompson will bo the
Mr. John H. Duvall will shortly begin the
erection for himself of a row of seven two
story brick dwellings in the alley in square
1075. The houses will have a frontage of 13
feet and a depth of 25. As there is no sewer
in this alley Mr. Duvall obtained the permit
upon his agreement to provide tho proper
sewerage, plumbing, etc. The houses will
cost between $4,000 and $5,000.
Builder Frank L. Harvey will 60on break
ground for a handsome residence which Mrs.
F. J. Tilford will have built at No. 1330 New
Hampshire avenue. The house will be three
stories in height with a basement and will
cost not less than $15,000. The cornice will
be of brick and ornamental, iron. The front
of pressed brick will be ornamented with a
large, circular bay window. Tho resldenco
will front 53 feet on New Hampshire avenno
and will have a depth of 50 feet.
Architect G. Friebus has just completed
plans for a very pretty residence which Darby
and Davis will shortly begin the construction
of for L. C. Rosenbush at 1700 Thirty-fifth
street noithwest. Thehouse will be of pressed
brick with a frontage of 28 feet on Thirty-fifth
street, running back 53 feet cm R street. At
the corner there will be a circular tower while
on tho R street side an octagonal shaped bay
window will ornament the house. It will be
two 6torIesin height with a cellar. The esti
mated cost is $6,000.
BUILDING PERMITS.' .
Permits to build to the following were
issued by Inspector Entwlsle for tho week
ending Friday, August 14.
Seven two-6tory brick dwellings, 13x28 feet,
at Nob. 409 to 421 in alley In square 1075. for
John H. Duvall, to cost $4,200.
One three-story and cellar brick dwelling,
20x36 feet, No. 212 Eighth street northeast,
for E. N. Waters, to co6t $5,000.
One two-story brick private stable. 16x32
feet, In rear No. 1115 K street northwest, for
Thomas P. Wiljiams, to C06t $550.
Five two-otory and basement brick dwelling,
17x82, Nos. 13 to 21 Q street northwest, foe L.
Simmons, to cost $10,500.
One two-story frame dwelling, 10x82 feet,
corner Twenty-second and Cincinnati street,
Langdon Park, for Mr, Page, to cost $1,200.
One two-story brick stable, 25x22 feet, In
rear of 412 Maple avenue, Lo Droit Prrk for
James L. Weaver, to cost $1,000.
Two three-story and basement brick dwell
ings, 20x35 feet. Nos. 923 and 925 S street
northwest, for II. Av Willard and R. L. Parry,
to cost $9,000. '
Two two-story and cellar brick and stone
dwellings, 20x31 feet, Nos. 105 and 118 R
stroet West Eckincton, for J. II. Lane, to
cost $0,000. '
One two-Btory and basement brick dwelling,
53x50, No. 1830 New Hampshire avenue north
west, for Mrs. F, J. Tilford, to cost $15,000.
One two-story and cellar brick dwelling,
18x45, No. 530 Spruce 6treet, Lo Droit Park,
for John F. Woggaman, to cost $2,500.
Two two-story brick dwellings, 12x28, Nos.
745 and 747 alley in square 950 southeast, for
Joaeph Gillot, to cost $700.
One two-story and cellar brick dwelling,
28x53, No. 1700 Thirty-fifth street northwest
for L. C. Rosenbush, to cost $0,000.
Two two-story frame dwellings, 15x32,
Washington near Pierce street, Auacostia, for
B. Dawney, to cost $1,000.
Five two-Btory and cellar brick dwellincs,
16x32, Nos. 715 to 723 Third street northeast,
for M. M. Parker, to cost $18,000.
One two-story brick stable, 19x23, rear of
512 Twenty-first street northwest, for Dr.
Robert Reyburn, to coBt$750.
One frame dwelling 16x24 feet, No. 1021 E
Btreet southeast, for "II. F. Getz, to cost $500.
Two 2-story brick dwellings, 12x25 feet,
Nos. 2531 and 2533 D btreet northwest, for
Edward Temple, to co6t $1,300.
Mrg. P, P. Mullett has sold through Ken
nedy & Flcklen three lots on tho corner of M
and Twenty-fifth streets northwest for $10,000.
This property is in the rear of Mrs. Mullett'a
residence, and fronts 64 feet on Twenty-fifth
Btreet and 100 on M.
LOW CEILINGS THE STYLE.
ReanonH In Favor of Thorn Arc now Quito
Contractor and Builder.
A reaction has lately taken placo in favor of
low celllng6. Not very long ago architects,
sanitary engineers and physicians wcro almost
unanimous in favor of high ceilings for rooms
iu dwellings. Tho arguments iu support of
lofty ceilings were numerous, some of them
based upon tho superior hcalthfulness of such
rootn6, and others upon tho architectural
effects claimed. With tho Introduction of
the cottage style of atchitecturo ceilings havo
gradually becomo lower, and tho fashion hav
ing been set, reasons, scientific and hygienic,
have not been lacking In support of low
celllnged rooms. Low walls to rooms, it is
said, are being advocnted in Englaud as really
affordlug betttr ventilation throughout, in
prevent tig the formation of upper strata of
all but itnmovablo foul air, and tending to
prevent draft. This Idea Is very gladly taken
up by some of tho art journals, who rcjoico
that wo have probably koho to the oxtremo in
tho height of apartments, which has tho dis
advantage ot dwarfing the furniture which i9
placed In them, and which also falls to securo
the mo6t pleasing proportloua to rooms not
having laree area. Them Is a cosiness in a
low-cclllnged room which in a hlch-ccilinKed
room is sacrificed to emptiness. In discuss
ing this point reference Is often made to the
time of Queen Elizabeth and tho low wains
coted rooms that prevailed at 1,hat period.
j-uw ixuiugB were uie iuio, ana comiortublo
nil n luiposill
1 savft: in fiirniRhiiiir
-,- rw -"t5 -'' uiuuuudco'
Oflfi mffinnlrv tilmnRf. li,Tn-(n1l, .nf.nn,.
the decorator tho disproportionate height
of the ceilings with tho size of 'tho rooms. In
theA6tor houses, for Instance, the celliug&
are thirteen feet in height and tho rooms aro
of very moderate size. This, to au artistic
person, gives a feoling of discouragement at
the outset. Of courso tho effect may be greatly
obviated by a deep frieze; and the wall
hangers havo made quite a specialty in papers
that will lower or heichteu the effect of a
room. There is anothor way of bringing a
ceiling down to the required height which is
very pretty and Is not difficult to arrange.
This is done by lowerlug a square of canvas,
which can be decorated In any way you like,
from the four corners of tho room. Ono room,
managed in this way had a light gray linen
square on which wcro painted very boldly
wild roses of a delicate shade of pink. A
deep frieze of the same design was placed a
couple of feet from tho ceiling, and the rest
of the wall was hung with a baimoniously
tinted Japanese chintz, meeting a wooden
wainscoting painted in white enamel. The
furniture was covered with gray cretonne,,
over which the wild roses rau rampant,,
and the whole effect was exceedingly pretty.
.Some Valuable Hints About ItsArnnge
inents. Acnes B. Ormsbee In Harper's Bazar.
When the housekeeper has bought, built or
hired her house, after due consideration of the
family need6 and tastes, and after careful ex
amination of the locality and construction of
the chosen home, her earliest attention should
be directed to tho cellar, as that part of the
home which is most often neglected, and where
order and convenience combined add no small
amount to the comfort and healthfulness of
all parts of the house.
The arrangement of tho cellar takc3 time
and attention rather than any great outlay of
money. The windows should first ho seen to.
A stuffy, unventllated cellar, full of dead air,
is an abomination. The windows should be
so bung that they can be removed from tho
Inside, and during all but tho extreme winter
months should be taken out, and even then in
mild days theyshould be opened in the middle
of the day. Tho outside of the windows
6hould be protected by galvanized wire win
dow netting, costing two and a half cents the
square foot. A heavier, coarser-meshed qual
ity can be used instead, if great strength is de
sired. This quality costs six cents the square
foot. The hatchways of city houses are
troublesome in cold weather. Both the rear
and front hatchways admit a great deal of
wind during the winter, in spite of the wooden
covers that are fitted to them, and make tho
kitchen and dining-room floors draughty and
cold. This can bo remedied by covering the
iron grating over each hatchway with several
folds of old carpeting or furniture Backlnc:,.
and then fitting the cover down tightly. The
hatchway on the sunny side of the house mu6t
be frequently opened for air. The cellar cell
ing and walls should be thoroughly white
washed, two heavy coats being enough.
All city cellars, and many in the country
towns and villages, are cemented, which un
der most conditions is the safest and cleanest
flooring. But in the country where the ground
is not poisoned from leakage of sowers or the
foul gases of cesspools, and where, yet further,
tho cround is dry and sandy, a cellar bottom
of well-beaten earth is not unwholesome, and
has a mj'sterlouB capacity of keeping fruits
and vegetables beyond that of cemented cel
lars. Such a cellar should have boards for
walks to bins, barrels and cupboard, to keep
the house mother from fretting over the dirt
"tracked up." If these boards are occasion
ally turned over when swept, there will be no
trouble from dampness or "6aw bugs." Rais
ing them up slightly from tho ground by Inch
cleats nailed to tho under sides of tho boards
Is another and better method.
In a cellar whero there is a furnace, it is a
great help to household management to have
a portion of the cellar divided from the fur
nace portion by a tight board partition, with a
padlocked door opening into it. The boards
used may be rough and cheap, costing two
cents a foot, but the partition mu6t be tight,
bo as not to admit tho warm air from the fur
nace Under ordinary circumstances tho ex
pense need not be over $10, and in many cases
In this cold cellar the vegetables and ap
ples, butter and preserves, may be kept, and
even in the city the uncomfortable habit of
living from hand to mouth might bo changed
to a great degree. Hero the time-honored vin
egar barrel or keg may havo Its place, giving
out its Bupply of "pure cider" vinegar when
ever needed. Near by should be the ewinging
shelf and cupboard, and the old time feeling
of plenty and comfort, which the memory of
the well-filled cellars of country homes always
brings, would return to the household,
A quorum of the board of directors of the
District Real Estate Association, of this city,
being present in Atlantic City last week, a
regular monthly meeting of tho association
was held in the parlors of the Kuehnle'B Hotel.
Besides the transaction of routine business
the sale of their property in square 924, in
this city, at $1.25 per square foot, amounting
to $15,000, and the purchase ot the premises
248 Eighth street, at $5,000, was authorized,
and their agents, Weller & Repetti, requested
to carry it into effect. Those present were A.
B. Cooper, A. J. Clark H. W. Sohon, Honry
Busher and George R. Repetti.