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THE SUNDAY HERALD, NOVEMBER8, 1891.
EDDOATINa THR MUSCLES.
AW IMPOBTANTPAHTOF THE rUBLIC
Developing tlio Body ns Well ns tho
Mind The System in Ubo in tho
Schools Hero Tho Totnl Enrollmont
of Fttplls in tho District.
It Js three years 6lnco physical culture bo
camo a part of tho public school courso in this
city. Miss Stonerona, who has chargo.of this
department, is a delicately built and refined
looking young -woman. While uot robust she
enjoys perfect health, an'l owes it largely, sho
eays, "to practiclnc what I preach and try to
teach." Sho Is a craduato pupil of Duddloy
Sargent of Harvard Collogo, and an en
thusiast in her profession. To a Heiiald
representative, a few days ago, sho en
deavored to givo an idea of tho health exer
cise system as practiced and which sho has
largely helped to develop.
Mias Stoncroad said: k(It is not so easy to
devise exercises that childron can practico
successfully between rows of benches. But
It Is essential that tired backs, cramped
lungs, and weary legs should have rest.
Hence, tho first thing all aro taught to do is
to stand correctly and then relax tho muscles.
After that the child must learn to rest his
lungs by taking long, deop breaths. Thero
aro threo assistants in my department, and
they each visit all tho schools in their re
spective divisions onco a month. They In
struct tho regular day teachers who. after tho
first lesson to tho school, instruct the pupils
in exercises, varying from 10 to 20 minutes
daily. Tho teachers explain tho reasons for
each exercise according to tho capacity or
ages of tho pupil. I also givo instruction In
tho Normal School, 60 that now tho young
teachers come each year Into tho schools
Bomewhat prepared for tho health exercises,
which are neither pure gymnastics nor are
they single calisthenics, but a selection or
elective system founded upon what is most
adaptable from each.
"1 visited Europe last summer to 6eo tho
application of tho 8wedlsh gymnasium sys
tem at home, and the German method in the
German schools. They each have separate
buildings for even light gymnastic exercises.
What we want to do is to counteract tho evils
of long sittings at desks over tho books and to
rest and develop the body into healthful
conditions, and through the DelBarto system
to cultivate grace of carriage and beauty of
expression. An attitude can bo not only
beautiful but part of a child's education in
higher things. The boy or girl who stands
correctly, Who uses tho vocal organs with
clearness of utterance, assumes a dignity of
manner and an elevation of mind by these
exercises that remains when these habits be
"I think you would get a bettor Idea of
our system of physical training by seeing a
little class practice," continued Miss Stone
road, as she led the way to a 6chool-ioom of a
Fifth erode school. "All over the city this
grade will have tho exercises which this one
will rehearse for our benefit," sho said.
The teacher softly said to her school.
"First position 1" and all the scholars sat up
straight before their desks. She then said
"Hands on hips I" and llko a wave the whole
school assumed her attitude. They then fol
lowed her lead, swaying backward, forward,
right, and left. "Books out I" and from every
desk a square book was brought out without
any noise or shuffling of feet or falling of
desk lids. "Balance books I" and up went
every book upon as many erectly poised heads.
Then they balanced forward, backwards, and
6ldeways. without touching or tipping the
books off. By sections the scholars rose, still
without noise, passed into the aisle and
marched round the room with the books on
their heads, and back into position and to
seats. It was a pretty sight and the move
ments were very cleverly dono by the children
who seemed to enjoy doing it.
In another room of tho Second grade Miss
Stoneroad drilled tho little ones herself. It
was a new school with not six pupils in It who
were with this teacher last year. Exercises
with them partookiof tho character of play.
The little boys and c Iris have learned to stand,
to sit straight, and to march beautifully; but
they liked best to get down on one knee and
gather pinks or roses from imaginary flower
beds and from them take long smells of
sweetness. They did everything just as they
were told in a charming manner.
The Central High Bchool Is but poorly pre
pared for physical culture. Tho Capitol Hill
High School, crowded as the rooms are In tho
reaDoay,mes to givo tue gins an equal cnance,
for they drill like tho boys. In Georgetown
the High School Is working for a gymnasium
and a gymnasium would bo very popular in all
tho higher grades of schools.
Miss Stoneroad considers the "eclective
system" in a sense hers by right of rearrange
ment, and new features added; and eho is
formulating the system and preparing a book
of instructions for tho use of teachers. "I am
assured," she remarked, "by the superin
tendent and trustees, and others Interested
in the physical culture movement that it has
already promoted the health of pupils, reliev
ing the monotony of 6tudy hours with oc
casional change of attitude and occupation
and amusing tho pupils with novelty and
variety which Js so restful to us all. It may
not be amiss to state that physical culture as
a branch of education is quite as new In other
cities as in the District. In Boston the system
has not been In operation as long as It has
here. Wo do not consider that our method Is
perfect, but we are aiming to make it practical,
and in every way suitable to tho needs of the
not got lessons with roiTcrcnco to his standing
in tho class or to bo ahead of othors. It of ton
occurs that tho one who seems to bo slowost
to learn his lessons Is really tho surest. Ho
has to work hard aud his record for various
reasons would fall far short of brilliancy, but
what ho loams ho knows and nover forgets.
I am glad thero is no compotitivo system en
couraged hero as to honors, for I think It
always creates an unhealthy stato of mind in
tho school-room, and Is no fair test of scholar
ship." Ono of tho most pleasantly situated school
houses in the District is tho Webster Building,
corner of H and Tenth streets northwost.
Thoro aro fourteen schools under tho roof,
and Miss Kent is principal. Miss Kent has
an idea of practical value in hor room. Every
morning each girl is expected to bo ready to
talk three minutes with intelligonco on somo
topic of hor own solectlon from tho platform,
thus teaching them self confidence and to
think on their feet. Sho says tho talks aro
often very Interesting, A girl of Russian
parontago recently described tho Russian mar
rlago customs in a vory clever manner.
IN MUSICAL CIRCLES.
In tho first six divisions of tho public
schools under Superintendent Powoll's charge
thoro aro 502 schools with 602 teachers. Thlrty
nlno of these schools aro colored with
39 colored teachers, and aro located in tho
county. Superintendent Cook's Seventh and
Eighth divisions contain 11,540 pupils. Tho
wholo number of whlto and colored pupils In
tho public schools Is 35,455, an Increase over
last year's enrollment of 1.3S0, or a llttlo over
3 per cent. Sixty-five of tho 502 schools aro
High School Divisions or classes.
Tho total enrollment of scholars in tho first
six divisions is 23,909 pupils. Of these 22,
1CS aro whlto and 1,741 are colored children.
Public school pay-day did not arrive until
Wednesday, November 4, but to make amends
for this delay the second pay-day of tho month
will occur tho day before Thanksgiving No
Tho Thanksgiving holiday will continue
from Wednesday, the 25th instant, to the fol
lowing Monday morning.
Tho Christmas holiday this year will bo un
usually long, beginning on the evening of tho
23d and continuing until Monday, January 4,
as, by statute, one day preceding Christmas Is
Included in tho Christmas holidays.
On Tuesday, Wednesday, -and Thursday of
last week there were three teachers' meetings
held in tho Webster Building, corner of H
and Tenth streets northwest. They were
confined to the First, Second, ana Third
grades, and were conducted by Miss L. A.
Denny, supervising principal of primary
Schools, The meetings were of great Interest
to the teachers In those grades.
Mr. Hughes, of the Central High School,
who has been ill for over a week, has re
sumed his duties.
The High School cadets will come out in
bright new uniforms November 16.
Tho Central High School pupils will Issue
the first number of tho Review just before
Thanksgiving, aud thereafter twice a month
during the school year.
Tho "K 1" section of the Central High
School have just received their new silver
class pin. On It Is engraved the number
94 the year of their graduation.
Two former teachers in tho Henry School
Building married last week Miss S. M. Duran
and Miss Brooks.
Miss Scott, principal of the Henry Build
ing, on P street northwest, and of the O
street annex, has twenty schools in charge.
There are nearly 900 pupils in these schools
The four higher grades in tho Seaton School
(Second division), on I, between Second and
Third streets northwest, aro practicing for a
concert to be given early in December.
The second number of tho Owl, the Capitol
High School paper, is out.
The room that was designed to be used as a
gymnasium in tho Peabody Building, George
town, has, much to tho disgust of tho boys,
been taken for a kindergarten school-room.
Miss Amy Leavltt gave a fine piano recital
in tho Georgetown High School study-hall on
Miss Oflley, ono of the assistant teachers of
the West End High School, is ill with typhoid
Mr. J. G. Falck, clerk to Superintendent
Powell and secretary of the board of trustees,
seems to be the right man in the right place.
THE FRATERNAL CONGRESS.
WTiy Is it that tho music rondoredin tho ser
vlco at All Souls' Church hasforyoars boon
maintained at such a high standard I Is it bo
cause tho best musicians aro employed r
Hardly so, though tho 2crionncl of tho choir
has almost Invariably been oxcollont, and such
a quartette must, as a matter of courso,
render tho music satisfactorily. Tho chief
reason, after all, is that tho director, Mr.
Widnoy, possesses and freely uses a talent
that Is all too raro among choir loaders that
of adaptation, Mr. Widnoy "knows a good
thing when ho sees It," and very many of tho
most pleasing selections rondorcd at this
church aro tho result of his culling from this,
that, and tho other mass or even from secular
compositions, and tastefully adapting sacred
words to them. Thero is another foaturo of
tho servlco at this church that might well bo
omul a ted by other choirs hero. Tho subjects of
tho pieces sung aro usually in touch, so to
speak, with tho toxts of tho sermons. This is
a point too frequently overlooked in choirs
and it Is rofreshtng to find ono whore this
most Important foaturo is carefully observed.
Tho residents of Capitol Hill may en
joy a really good concert this week without
coming down town for it, for at tho concert
tobo given at St. Peter's Lecture Hall, 8ocond
and C streets, on Tuesday evening, for tho
benefit of tho Sewing School for Poor Children,
many of our most popular musicians aro to
appear, among whom aro tho Schubert Quar
tote, Mrs. Kitty Thompson-Berry, Miss Hat
tlo Ritchie, Miss Marguento Nolan, Miss Mar
garet Blalno, and Miss N. R. Koaron; Messrs.
Harry Brandon, William D. McFarland, John
Nolan, and Frank P. Reoside. Mr. D. C.
Bangs will also contribute a recitation.
"While thoro is no rnlo or regulation for
bidding corporal punishment in tho Washing
ton public schools," said Principal Powoll to
a Hehal reporter tho other day, "it Is
rarely resorted to in tho whito schools, as tho
displeasure of the teacher is usually found to
bo 'sufficient punishment in case of misbe
havior. In case of continued misdemeanor a
Eupil would be suspended, but not more than
alf a dozen cases occur in tho school year.
No record is kept of the number of children
punished. In this particular Washington is
unique. Thero are Jess extremes of poverty
than in a commercial or manufacturing city,
and the average of intellleence and refinement
of the children is consequently higher than In
such a city as New York, for instance, where
a foreign population has to bo educated at tho
public schools; and the Washington pupil is
on an average 60 good as to need but little if
anv severe discipline"
When asked if any record was kept from
week to week of the progress made by pupils
in their studies, 60 as to stimulato rivalry, Mr.
Powell said: "I believe all medals, records,
and diplomas for that purpose to bo equally
hurtful. Tho pupil should bo carefully
taught tho value of the knowledge ho Is ao
quiring, theyalue ef it for its own sake, and
Elaborate Preparations Made Uy Xiocal
Societies to .Entertain the Delegated.
The officers and committees of the National
Fraternal Congress, which holds Its fifth an
nual session in this city at Wlllard's Hotel,
commencing on Tuesday, November 10, at 10
o'clock a. m., are as follows: President and
Conductor A. R. Savage, Auburn, Me.; Vice
President Adam Warnock, Boston, Mass., and
Secretary and Treasurer O. M, Shedd, Pough
koepslc, N. Y. Committee on legislation,
laws, and constitution John Haskell But
ler, Boston; W. Warne Wilson, Detroit, Mich.:
John Mulligan, Now York; S.A.Will, Pitts
burg, Pa.; John Otto, Newark, N. J.; John T.
Mlllburn, Louisville, Ky.jand M. G. Jeffries,
Janesville, Wis. On finance and creden
tials John J. Acker, J. E. Shepard, Laur
ence, Mass., and J. D. Irving, Toledo, Ohio.
On statistics and good of tho orders Enoch
8. Brown, New York; W, O. Robson, Boston,
Mass., and J. H. Wright, M. D., Allegheny,
Pa. On medical examiners and examina
tions R. N. Seaver, M. D Columbus, Pa.;
D. H. Shields, M. D., Hannlble, Mo., and Will
iam Pratt Read, Philadelphia, Pa. The import
ance of this organization, composed, as it is,
of delegates from what many suppose to bo
rival institutions, has been clearly demon
strated during the past five years. It is an
advisory body, representing a membership of
of over a million able-bodied men, bound to.
gether for mutual benefit and protection.
Organizations representing a noble charity, in
that it protects and provides for the comfort
of Its beneficiaries, tho widows and orphans of
deceased members, to whom was paid during
tho year 1890 over $20,000,000. The various
committees of tho D, C. A. F, B. S. having in
chargo tho matter of courtesies to be tendered
to tho congress are hard at work perfecting
details. Tho result of their labors will bo
alike creditable to the fraternal organizations
of the city and worthy tho high character of
tuo recireuts. Every effort will bo made to
reuder tW occasion pleasant and agreeable,
that tho representatives may retain impressious
of Washington, not only as to its beauty, but
also as to its eminent superiority as a conven
tion city. Local organizations not having
representatives In tho D. C. A. F. B. S. desir
ing any information will be cheerfully sup
plied on application to V. F. Bates, secretary,
207 Thlrteen-and-a.hnlf street southwest.
Tho choir of tho Church of Our Father
(Univorsalist), cornor of Thirteenth and L
streets northwest, shows a marked improve
ment since taken in chargo by Madamo
Szemolynl, whoso excellent reputation as
organist and vocalist is fully sustained in tho
results of her work with this promising young
choir. Its members aro all well known as tho
soloists of tho "Emanon Musical Club," which
was heard several tlmos last winter in Mr.
Hub Smith's operetta, "A New Year's Recep
tion," and gratified their friends by rendering
that pretty composition with musical and
dramatic tasto and skill. The personnel of
the choir is as follows: Organist and director,
Madame Szemolynl; soprani, Miss Gertrude
E. Becker (soloist) and Miss Chandler; alti,
Miss Hattie S. Case (soloist) and Miss Tiche
nor; tenorl, Mr. Melville D. Hensey (soloist)
and Mr. Charles Thompson; bassl, Mr. Ed. B.
Fox (soloist) and Mr. McKce.
They failed to advertlso In The Herald, and,
as a natural consequence, tho entertainment
given by the Madamo Frey Concert Company,
at the Uniyersallst Church, on Friday evening
last, was not as well patronized as tho merits
of tho performance warranted. To show that
we are of a forgiving disposition, it is a pleas
ure to chronicle the fact that tho performance
was most excellent throughout. A programme
of eleven numbers, including instrumental
and vocal quartettes, flute and violin solos, to
gether with several readings was given with
an unexpected smoothness throughout. The
violin solo of Mibs Alta Frey and . a f omalo
quartette, "A Maiden's Defiance," were per
haps the best rendered of the musical pieces
but Professor Currle was clearly the star of
the occasion, his readings being very well re
ceived in splto of the fact that no offended in
the matter of dress by wearing an immense
four-in-hand tie with evening dress.
The programme for tho first concert of this,
the twelfth, season of tho Georgetown Ama
teur Orchestra is out, and Is an unusually
good ono. Professor Kaspar is to givo us ono
new orchestral number, tho overture from
"Phtfdrc," by Massenet; and another, which
is nearly new, although presented last week
by tho Hauk Opera Company tho intermezzo
smfornic from "Cavallerla Rustlcana." This
will bo presented for tho first timo horo with
full orchestra. Mile. Clementina Do Vese,
tho vocalist for this concert, will contribute
two songs, ono of which is tho lovely "Indian
Bell Song,"irom "Lakmo," and Mr. Anton
Gloetznor will render two numbers from
Henselts' concerto for tho piano, In F minor,
op. 1G. Tho remaining selections for tho or
chestra havo been heard in former concerts
given by this popular organization, and in
cludo tho "Marcho d'Inauguratlon," by Book-
eiman; ".uapsoaie jxorwegienne," by avena
sen, and Strauss' over fresh "Artist Life"
Mrs. Glllon, the organist at St. Stephen's
Catholic Church, has been confined to her
home for tho pa6t two weeks on account of
"Books of th'opprerl 'Talian'n'Engllsh
words! LIbberetters 'yorl" Thus have tho
small boys contributed their mites to thd
music of tho pa6t week, and it may bo added
that thoy havo shown an energy, which, if
kept up as thoy climb tho professional ladder,
will laud them at tho top as stars of dazzling
brilliancy. That they have sufficient voice,
none who visited Albaugh's Opera House last
week can deny. An opera without tho assist
ance of tho libretto boy would bo flat indeed.
THE FAIR means what they say.
Are so cheap there this week as to be almost
To purchasers. Our motto has always been,
and always shall be,
From tho long list of names of ladles closely
Identified with local music, it would bo diffi
cult to select that of one more cordially liked
and respected than Miss Mollie Byrne, whoso
marriage last Wednesday to Mr. Dominic I.
Murphy (Inadvertantly reported In last Bun
day's issue, as having already taken placo),
was mo occasion ior nunareas oi congratula
tions from the host of friends of both parties.
And hundreds more, who could not claim a
personal acquaintance with tho fair soprano,
but who know her through hor voico, unite in
wishing Mrs. Murphy all the happiness ob
tainable in this world.
Mr. Herman Rakemann, of tho Washington
Musical Club, was the soloist at a concert
given In Philadelphia by tho United States
Marino Band on tho 20th of last month. The
audienco was one of tho largest over as
sembled at the Academy of Music, and his
playing was most enthusiastically applauded.
Every number he gave was encored, Tho
talented young artist evidently made a most
favorable impression on tho music-loving pub
lic of Philadelphia.
Madam J. Esputa Daly scored a great sne
CC6S in Baltimore, on Wednesday night laBt,
before the Harmonic 8oclety,by her rendition of
"Mine Run' 1st bin," with orchestral accom
paniment. Her fine contralto and splendid
method elicited great applause from the large
and cultured audienco present,
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