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. fl IMfORTfMP A POPULATION f V
In their heavy, padded coats, thick
woolen .shirts, iur and astrakhan caps,
and long leathern boots they almost
made seem, unreal the warm sun, soft
breezes and waving palms of the Hawaiian
day. It was as if n village of
the Siberian sieppes had been transported
to the semi-tropics and set down bodily
in the midst of the City of Honolulu.
Some of them, mostly women and
children, were sprawled on the grass or
sitting patiently beneath the trees in the
old palace yard, but most of the men,
several hundred strong, were packed
like sardines in the large office of the
Governor, who was talking to them in
a language that, except through an interpreter,
they could not understand.
Governor Frear, facing them, was
facing at the same time new conditions,
and the most serious problem with
which the AVestern outpost of the United
States has to deal. He was confronting
not only a throng of newly-arrived
Russian immigrants, restless, dissatisfied,
suspicious, but also and more important
the problem and urgent necessity
of acquiring for his Territory a
"Men Wanted" Any Kind?
Hawaii, the Island Territory lying in
the midst of the Pacific, yet as much a
part of the United States as is Maine or
Illinois or California, is engaged in the
serious, difficult, and as recent events
have demonstrated, the dangerous business
of importing a population. She is
buying Men, in the hope that the purchase
will result in profit to the Territory
or if not to the Territory as a
whole, then to the sugar plantations.
And to get men the agents of the Bureau
of Immigration and of the Planters'
Labor Bureau are scouring the
earth. They arc shipping their human
cargoes from Europe and from Asia,
from the ultimate AVest and the Far
East. In ragged, hungry, hopeful
hordes the assisted immigrants have for
several years been pouring into the Islands
that stand as the westward sentinels
of the United States of Anierica.
They have been purchased Avith promises
of better conditions of life, with
hope, with the desire of change. They
do not know to what they are coming,
but most of them believe that, whatever
it prove to be, it can be no worse
than what they leave in the land of their
For many years Hawaii, as monarchy,
republic and now as a Territory of
the United States, has been engaged in
this pursuit of men, this importation of
a population. But it is only within the
past short time that the Government of
BY EDWARD P. IRWIN,
In the Pacific Monthly
the Territory has been directly concerned
in the strange traffic. Before it
became necessary for the Government
to lake charge of the assistance of immigration,
the sugar planters managed
the business themselves and for themselves.
In theory, the object of the assistance
of immigration to Hawaii is to build up
an American citizenship like that of
other communities of the United States;
to establish an independent, prosperous
population of families, each living on
its own homestead and earning its living
by the sweat of its collective brows
and the toil of its hands. AVhether or
not this is in reality the object most
sought may be best judged from the
methods employed and the results attained.
An Attractive Theory.
The theory is certainly an attractive
one. To collect in Hawaii people from
the four quarters of the globe and fuse
them into a homogeneous whole, make
of them a citizenship worthy of the
ideals of the greatest Republic on earth
what could be more idealistic?
But a theory to be worth consideration
must be based on something firmer
than an ideal. Utopia is not gained by
pursuing Utopian methods. In the attainment
of any object the laws of nature
must be considered; the experiences
of others should not be forgotten.
And it was long ago demonstrated
conclusively by experiment that no
good can result from an attempt to fuse
the blood of the white man with that of
the yellow and the brown. Yet the sugar
planters of Hawaii, while talking
enthusiastically about the Americanization
of the Territory, have filled it up
with Chinese and Japanese, Porto
Portuguese, Spaniards, Filipinos
and Russians, and would have the rest
of the community believe that from this
mixture of incompatibles they can concoct
an American citizenship worthy to
rank with the citizenship of other communities.
It may even be true Unit the majority"
of the immigrants brought to Hawaii
turn out to be peaceable, law-abiding
home-builders who really desire and
work for ihe prosperity of the country.
But they are not American in color,
ideas, ideals or customs. For the most
part they still remain Spaniards,
Filipinos, Porto Rieans, Japanese
whatever they were when their
passages to Hawaii were paid by a beneficent
Government or charitable sugar
planters' association. And the fact
that there is comparatively little intermarriage
among the various races,
though a disproof of the beautiful
theory of those idealists who believe
that all men are brothers and should
marry with their brothers' sisters of
whatever race, color or previous condition
of servitude, is probably the chief
redeeming feature of Hawaii's assisted
immigration work as now carried on.
Miscegenation is not looked upon with
favor in other American communities
and there appears no good reason why
it should be considered good for Hawaii.
Yet if the various races do not coalesce,
how is it possible to make one people
of them ? The Territory of Hawaii,
therefore, is impaled on the horns of a
A SURE WINNER
dilemma a most uncomfortable situation,
to put it mildly.
(To be continued)
AVhat is the honest opinion of the
citizens of Honolulu as to the character
of the last government-aided shipments
of Russian immigrants from Siberia.
AVere they not as a whole a
Can anyone deny that Democratic
"Boss" Mc'Candless steady hammering
on the land law didn't force the Republicans
to pass the present Homestead
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MONDAY "THE EASTERNER."
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AT NUUANU AND PAUOA ROAD, AND AT SCHOOL AND LILIHA STREETS
Tonight, October 28th
THE FOLLOWING CANDIDATES WILL SPEAK
AT SCHOOL AND LILIHA STS.
B. G. RIVENBURGH
OHAS. H. ROSE
W. W. THAYER
JACK S. KALAKIELA
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NUUANU AND PAUOA
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J. J. FERN
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J. 0. ANDERSON