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ation. Tbero is a higher author
ity than any treaty tho Consti
tution of the United States. And
that Constitution according to
onr best jurists, gives to all in
habitants of this country, citizens
or aliens, the right to pass un
molested from one end of our
domain to the other. By annex
ation Hawaii becomes a part of
the United States, and her
inhabitants entitled to at least
tho rights of aliens, and
therefore the right of residence
in our midst
Hawaii onco annexed will be
come, whon delivered from the
ills of Territorial Government,
one of the States in this Union.
But a State separated from tho
Union to which it belongs by
2000 miles of ocean travel, so far
distant that it ever must remain
as foreign as if it were what it is
to-day a separate, and independ
ent nation. Thus tho very con
ditions peculiar to Hawaii con
spiro againgst her. They only
seem to strengthen the national
policy already declared.
The reasons from within are
not tho only ones that commend
to us our present territorial
policy. There are reasons of
equal importance from without
Thero are in tho world more
nations thau one. And tho co
existence of tho many nations
imposes upon all, certain inter
The complex territorial inter
ests both at homo and abroad
of tho European powers has
forced upon thosu powers re
lations of a most intricate charac
ter. Territory is the bone of
their contention. .No European
nation can view with unconcern
tho movements of its neighbors.
Tho supremacy of ono moans
tho annihilation of the others.
. In tho international disturbances
that arise, self preservation com
pels a policy of intervention
intervention to presevo tho Bal
ances of Power, that peculiar
institution which maintains po
litical oqnlibrium of Europo;
which protects all nations by
repelling tho agressions of any
particular one. It was to pre
serve tho Balance of Power that
England, Holland and Austria
combined against the continental
sdhenies of Louis XIY.; that all
Europe united agaiust Napoleon;
that in tho Crimean war, England
Franco aud Turkey allied
against Russia. Because of tho
complexity and proximity of
territorial interests thero are in
tho calendar of Europo man
days of blood and tho brightest
days are without tho clouds of
Intervention is tho policy of
European nations, but it is not
the policy of the United States.
Instead of being surrounded by
rivals wo iivoa in sphere essential
ly our own. No armies or navies
are needed to preserve a
Balance of Power, for there is
none to preserve. IVe are so far
distant from tho complications
of the other groat nations that
to us it matters not whether tho
star ascendant of Europe ba that
of Eagland, Prance, German,
Buissia or Austria. Oar territor
ial isolation has osnabled us to
parsne an isolated policy, a
policy of nou-infenranlion of
aeatrality. "Friemkhip with all
.asitoas aud, entangling aUiaaces
iwiik aose" he beea the Motto of
all ttlwiBtecrauoM fro that of
"Washington to that of G rover
And our people delivered from
tie desire and fear of war senti
ments, from standing armies, and
great navies have been free io
take the leading place in the
world's industrial development.
But a change of conditions must
bring a change of policy. The
ocean territories are largely in
the possession of other ' powers.
An extension of our domain into
the same regions, means nn iden
tification of our iuterests with
theirs, and the consequent en
tanglement and complication
which we have always sought to
Cannot the gentlemen see that
our interests in the Hawaiian
Islands are better oft" as they are?
That by annexation we lose in
our international relations the
advantages of Hawaiian in
dependence? In war between
us and a foreign power, the dis
tinct nationality of Hawaii
would constitute now her pro
tectiou. And since it is not our
desire to acquire that country,
but merely to withstand the
encroachments of other nations
there, as in San Domingo, Cuba
and Mexico, is it not national
wisdom to leave to her as wo
leave to them, the adjustment of
her international relations? And
thus maintain . as far as
possible our old and advan
tageous position of Neutral
ity? If intervention should bo
come necessary, the United States
will intervene in Hawaii as she
did in Mexico. .
Ladies and gentlemen, in this
debate wo have tried to rise
above the discussion of local
issues, if there are any, to those
purely national. Bather than
plead for tho interests of tho
1000 Americans who havo cast
their lot in a foreign laud, we
have plead for what we believe
tho interests of the 60,000,000
Americans who have stayed at
Why this greed for the Hawa
iian Islands? Is it a naval station
that is wanted? For that we have
no use. Is it a coaling station?
That we may have if we wish by
treaty. Is it tho island wealth
which so charms our senses?
That would leud to the annexa
tion of the earth. The shore
lines once crossed, wo cross for
ever. One acquisition leads but
No, the barterers of Hawaiian
liberty must return. As wo value
our national honor their blood
money we dare not touch. Even
though tho offering were the gift
of its owners still must we refuse.
For every consideration of our
internal peace and external safety
advise us against the change of
our present territorial policy.
S. I. SHAW, PsoraiETOK,
CHOICE LIQ UORS
and FINE BEER,
Corner of King aud Nuuanu Sts.,
Mutual Tel. 423. Honolulu,
Importers & Commission
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
MknxjdHring Jevxkr and
XalMcs; Sfeek. 45 fort Si, Hawick.
H. F. BEBTELMANN.
CONTRACTOR AXD BUILDER,
SC King St., Bell Telephone 107,
-J3T TOXSORIAL ARTIST, 3-
No. oil King Street, Honolulu,
H. I. Give me a trial.
jNTota Public- -
Collector and General Bitsined
Mutual Telephone S. P. O. Bor 33$.
Merchant street, Honolulu.
Tueo. r. Sevebis. A. W. Bolster.
513 Fort Street. Ho.soi.CLtr.
Portraits & Landscapes
Finest Collection of Hawaiian Tiews.
P. O. Box 49S.
This First-class Bathing Eesort
has been enlarged and is now
open to the public. It is the
best place on the islands to enjoy
a bath and there is no better
place to lay otF. Special accom
modations for Ladies. Tramcars
pass the door oven half hour aud
on Saturdays aud Sundays every
ESTABLISHED A. D. 1SG3.
Ice Cream Parlors
F. HORN, Proprietor.
Confectioner i Oraamcnter
In all branches of the business on
AMERICAN. FRENCH, ENG
LISH .cm GERMAN
PASTRIES MADE TO ORDER.
Wedding and Birth-day
Made of the very best material,
unsurpassed in richness of quali
ty and ornamented in unapproach
able style, at lovror prices than
any other establishment in Ho
nolulu. FamiliJ (fnahug Fane Bread,
Manufactured ai my Estab
lishment are Guaranteed t" be Posrxrra.T
Puxe and sold ai price no
other establish est can
FACTORY Jb STORE,
No. 71 Hotel Street,
Bebreea Kbuib asdFort Streets
SOTH IXIXnNKES 5fo. 74.
CONSTAHT USE IF SCHOONERS AmplS OlpMIJ 6r Alt:
Owing to oar cousfcintly increasing oasies and the
great demand of uu appreciating community, we have con
cluded to offer an opportunity to all parties having capital.
Our LINE of SCHOONERS may be seen gliding' over the
BAR filled to their utmost carrying capacity with clear
cool and invigorating
At the "Anchor Saloon."
To accommodate our Vast Fleet of Schooners, vra have
built a fine large Refrigerator regardless of cost.
Is the only place where a Cool Glass of Eredericksbttrr
Beer on draught can be had in Honolulu. Step fonvuru
gentlemen, NOWS the Time. oclL 3m
A Postal Savings Bank Book
No. 405 has been lost at my resi
dence during this month. "Who
ever finds it and returns same at
nry residence at Heiu. Koolau
poko, Oahu, or at the law office
of Jas. 3v. Kanlia, in Honolulu,
will receive a reward.
Mrs. Mikala Kaulia.
Honolulu, Oct 23,1893.
SANS SOUCI HOTEL
JL'iist-uiass Accommodation tor
Tourists and Island Guests.
SUPERIOR BATHING FACILITIES.
Private Cottages for Families.
T. A. SIMPSON,
"Wine and Spirit
Campbell Fiit-proof Block,
MERCHANT ST. , -HONOLULU
NATIONAL IRON WORKS,
Between Alakea & Richard Sts.
THE UNDERSIGNED are prepared to
raalte ril kinds of
Iran Brass. Broaae. Zinc,
Ha and Lead Casting?. Abo a
General Repair Shop for Steam Ecriees,
IUco AMK Com Mills,
Water Wheels, Wind Mil6. etc
ilidaces for Jha Cleaning of Coffee.
Castor Oik, Beaas, lUznie, Siel,
Pineapple Ltw i: ether Fibres Piists.
And Taper Stock
Also Mae&Be for Extracting SUrefc tram
the Manioc, Arroir Soot, etc
All Orders prKpUr at leaded lo.
WHITE, RITMAN a CO.
WING WO I CO.,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Ladies', Gents' & Children's
No. 35, -flttt HohoIhIh,
Nnaana Street' pj. P. O. Box 193
Boote and Shoe zaada io order
is Beet Style, at Wholesale
asd Reiail Pric.
L. H. DEE,
Wines, Spirits anil Bcbk
Between Fort and Bethel Streets.
$9.00 per Cord Deilveredi
JNO F. COLD URN A CO.
' fti5 lm
Importer ancl Commission
J. & P. Ctfcu Machine Thread
Jonas Brock Machine Thread -Barbour
P. O. Box 35S. Mntnnl Telephone .V
OF ALL STYLES,
IK THE LATEST PATTERNS.
Hat Sewing Machines,
C?Ai2 Witts tke latest iBpro-resMatVtn
Aad Otter MkmbI Irste. ;
Wines, Liquors, Beer
ALWATS OX HAKD, AXD
TOX K T.T. ST
eb. mTfcnjEca i h.