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,e r IIONOEULXT, II. I., SATURDAY JTOVlfoiBER 25, 1882.
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Mpppni to me nauy Miiei
, The' question pf paramount ini
portan.cc at Fiji Is (says our corres
pondent) tlio. supply of labor. The
Lands Commission finished its in
quiries nt the end of last ycai' most
of the anneals have been beards
thousands of acres, of vnl liable land
have been secured to their owners
by indefeasible Crown grants, and
all w now want ii enough capital
and labor to set us fairly on our
way.. The former can bo had readi
ly enough if the latter con be sup
plied, and we shall do well to get a
clear view of what is beforti its in
tills matter, and to consider" how its
difficulties may bo most easily 'and
effectually overcome. The sources
whence our labor supply is drawn
are three in number the natlvo
Fiitiuw, the so-called Polynesians
amongst whom, by the way, there is
not a Polynesian to be found), and
Indian coolies. Of these the first
cannot bo expected to do much for
us, though thoy may do a ilittlc.
According to the census of Inst year
tlicy' number 114,C35 all told, and
tlicso fluurcs. should civc us at the
outside from twenty to twenty-fiyc
thousand nblc-bodicd adult males.
These1 men arc the mainstay of the
entire population as regards food
production, tax-paying, and the
service rendered to the chiefs, which
is theirs by ancient hcrcditnry right,
and of which, under the present
condition of Fijian society, they
"cannot bo' deprived withdirt Injustice,
though' it will be necessary to keep
'the exercise of that ancient right
Within reasonable limits. ITencc it
Is evident that, out of so few men
'with so many home duties on their
hands, wo cannot expect'to secure
nny 'considerable number for our
planters. They may bd able to do
a certain amount of work by taking
contracts in the neighborhood of
'their own' Villages ; 'but as resident
and continuous workcrson our plan
tations wo may, for all practical
purposes, set them aside. A few of
them will be available, but not
'enough to nffect the' general qucs
Hion of labor supply. Our choice,
'therefore, is narrowed down to the
Polynesian and thc"coolies ; and
Were it only n matter of choice with
''us, we should iriost certainly choose
"the former. In spite bf Ids great
(susceptibility to epidemic diseases,
the Polynesian is preferable to the
conlic for Wairy reasons. lie is'
Cheaper, more ddcile, less self-assertive,
and far more profitable to the
revenue. Money is of no use to
him in his own country, and at the
lend bi Ins term- of service he lays outi
'all his little balance of wages in
articles' most of which pay heavily to
the Customs. Thus he contributes
nlikcto the revenue and to the storc
kecptr. The Indian coolie, on the
contrary, is profitable to neither. lie
spends next to nothing beyond what
is necessary to his blue sustenance ;
his chief expenditure is on food rice,
U6ur, &e. goods which cither free
of duty, or but lightly taxed1 he puts
by every sixpence ho can scrape
together, and when dn time up he
takes his hoard away with him' to his
, Our Noumea correspondent writes :
" Considerable anxiety is ueing
felt,, throughout New Caledonia
respecting the threatening results
especially to the mining and agricul
tural Interests of the stoppage of
"the native immigration from' the
,'Soutli, ben Islands. The subject is
,a most serious one, vitally so to the
"prosperity at the colony, which in
tlic.qplnion of all practical men here
Mill rapidly retrograde unless tills
jnyahiablc soUrco of labor is" res
tored. This rude check comes Just
ns the, country was recovering from
the crushing effects of the bank anil
Hijrsrinson took up; the
siwcdily allotted'.' So
minarics" ftrd concorfictl, -n great sue
cess has attended the company.
All cffoi ts to induce France to annex (
tlicso islands having failed, the pro-.
motors of tills company havo the in-1
tcntion to follow the example given
by various pioneers on the islands,
wcrol Whose term of scrvico in Queensland number of Tntirm falnnflnrh boarded
far as prcli-r had expired. Shortly after leaving I the schooner aild incited the recruits
Maryborough an" insane islander ran j to seize tile vessel. When the boats
amuck, and tomahawked Mr. FeU , returned a serious conflict ensued,
lows, the Government agent. The The mutiny was quelled, but not bc
madmau was iinnjediatcly shot dead, fore three of the marauders had been
While the Roderick Dim was re- killed. A'.' M. Herald.
cruiting islnndcrs, her boats wcic,
t ..li.. !...! . t 11 1 '
iiuHUtiuij niuu iiymfi iiviu MlUNUOlUi
and bccoinb possessed by sucli means j nines nave Deconio so plentiful hit 'flic man who says tliat a woman
n1 .UA -T loy, of land on . the islands generally incited to for ,ins nuy . ,ivcllal nliylhl r b1iouU1
which to foiin establishments for labor, that recruiting 1ms become . . ; . . ,.,,,, .
illffnreiit industries, with the ul- cxcccdimrlv diflicult mid ihmrrnmiw. hblcn for n minute nt the key-hole of
-..7. ..-.' -. . i . t .: - --.. -.. ----- ------o - -;
tcrior view of their acquired rights borne
of "the Roderick Dim's the sewing society.
f DAM BMETIIf
If ' - ' BOOK JLND JOB ffi
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V Queen Street, - ,- - -
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(OPPOSITE O!. WEST'S OAltitrAGlE FACTOItY.),
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MQvy ' fieseritiGia Qf "
Executed with IJeatness and Dispatch,
PLANT-ATI01T ORDER, BOOKS
lioqvl?t (find, .delivery, J3oqH, Shipping: Kucoiptnj
Wsiy-Bills, LaljoV Conlracls, Agreomonla,
Bill Heads, Letter and Xote Headings,
Ball' Programmes, Visiting Cards, Business Cards,
Circulars, Tags, Envelopes, &u.. &ii,.
ula!ii Ornamental Pnr
mining failures a few years
n ilillillnont. ih till) ilmirrnr.
. uu ..........y..v - - -r I
ruinous In its prospective effects
upon the most Important interests of
tho country, that? n number of the
most influential people here, headed
by ty r, John IIiggiusont have formed
jv company termed' tho Oompagnlo
'Calodonjcnno, des Nquvclles Up
briilcs,' capital 20,000, for tho
piirpoao of colonising In the New
Hebrides, ' and Inaugurating a rcU
nblo' nnrt.vnobjqctioiialilo system pf
procuring laborers for this colouy.
' Jlulf the bUhvc& of the company Mv.
being lcspcctctl by any power that
may eventually annex, as was tho
case with tho plantcii; jn Fiji, mid
with one or two early colpintu
ATROQITEB IN OOHNEOTION WITH
SOUTH 0EA ISLAND LADOn.
A telegram was received from
Brisbane, dated UOth October, to
the effect that the Bchooncr iJodiirick'l
1)hu, cngag'e'd Mn .'tlie'lnb'orAtrado, i
had arrived -at MaryUorbiigh from
X'oIyiiQsln, On licr ou(,ward'oyngo
she. cahicd ' Unwber of natives
"return boys" were lauded at
l'mima, and immediately buized and
murdered, and afterwards eaten by
(he inhabitant. The .Roderick Dim
spoke the schponer Helena (also
from Maryborough), who reported
thatbpmc of per " boyH" were funded
at Apii, and immediately murdered
ly the people there. The bodies,
which were left on the beach, wcro
'recbvcr,c.d by a boat's crew from the
Helena and buried ut sea. Tho
JIccna fAithcr reported that whjo
tho bouts wcro twayrccniitiog a.
ly Illy Li ')
al Printing, f
Kpctlal for tlio Hilly lliillctln.)
A touching instance of maternal
affection is recorded in a recent num
ber of'a medical journal by a Man
chester physician. Dr. "Williain
"Walter, of that City", was sent for to
attend a young lady who was dying
from the ' effects df'severo hivinor
rh'age. "When the" doctor arrived his
patient wart'' lying still and uncon
scious!; her face mid lips wore
blnuchvd ; licr eyeb had assumed that
iluir niut lifeless 'npricKfailco Miicli
onh (tenth, or its ncar-'approachj can ,
produce. Bcspiration was scarcely
percoivablc, nnd tho pulse couiU(i -v
onlv nt intervals bo felt. .Dr. "Walter, 4 '"I,
whoso experience of such cases isi'.iiu
great, knew nt once that thcro was r,
only one chance for her viz, trans
fusion of blodd from tho arm of n
healthy person to tho blanched limb '
pf the moribund! The lady's bus- t
band cheei fully consented to give his '
blood to save his wife, but the mother
would not hear of iti Although she
knew the risk attending tho operation,''
she begged to be the donor. Doctors
nre not all made of cast-iron, aim
this one could not resist the. en
treaties of that loving mother who
offered her life's blood at any cost
to Bavc her darling child. Whilo
Dr. "Walter was performing vene
section on the mother in an adjoining
room, and before ho. had time to col- j
lect more than four ounces of blood,
his assistant acquainted him that 1i1b
patient was apparently lifeless. "WliO"
can depict the agony endured jby
husband and mother during tliC' next
fifteen minutes? Tho physician
hurried to the bedroom to prcparo
the lady's arm for the reception ,of -tho
blood. He found a vein not
without great difllcttlty isolated It
from tho surrounding tissues, mado
n small opening in its walls, and;
inserted tho silver nozzle of tho .
injecting apparatus. In from ten to
twelve minutes all the blood was
injected, aiid almost immediately
inspiration became distinctly' visible v
and audible j the pulse returned to
tho wrist, and in the course of a
'quarter of an hour the insensibility
gave way to odnseiousness, and she
was nblu to recognise her frindst
.Her convalescence was steady nndi
.uncomplicated, and within n month ,,
'she was able to walk, out Of tho
doors. . i i ,
Bcfor long the Salvation Army
will have a rival in a Church Army, '
.founded on the samd principles as"
those ho successfully inaugurated by
.General Booth, but free, as its pro-i
motcrs imagine, -from any extrava
gances. Laymen have becil holding
such services at Bcdminstcr, near
Bristol, and at St. Helens, Lan
cashire, with fair success; but a"
Church Parochial Mission Society'
for the development of ,f aggressive
mission work" lias been formed, of
which the two Archbishops, tho
Bishops of Lichfield, Rochester, '
Kipou, aim honor ami Man are -patrons
; while tho Ritualists arc said
to have a scheme for the same object
in preparation. ' ! "
The Married Woman's Property '
Act, which will come into force on"
tho 1st of January next, is one
which gentlemen who nrp bent upon
matrimony ciuinqt too carefully con-"
sider. The third sub-section of the'
first section is one of the most re
markable provisions that have over
figured in the statute book. It
enacts that ' every coiitract'cntcrcdr
into by n married womaij shall bo
dcqnicd to bo a contract entered into'
by her with respect to and to bind
ier separate properly unless the
contrary be shown.'' The trades-'
man who henceforth supplies' a wife'
with dresses or jewelry must look to
tho wifo alone, unless ho can dis
tinctly show that the bargain was
made 'with the knowledge and'
authority of her husband. The'
thirteenth and fourteenth sections are'
also somewhat startling to persons
with old-fashioned ideas,. If n
woman is iu debt when she mnrrjes,
she can bii made to pay out of'any
monoy which has been Bottlcdnipon
her, or which is her owif In virtue of
the Act. Her husband, on'tho father
hand, Is only liable for licr ante-,
nuptial debts to the extent of such
property os she may Imvo 'bfo'tlght'
him. With this Act In force it
would be impossible for milliners 'to'
nfinoy cither a wifo or husband, if
she has no flcpnraFc estate against
which lo'prefo? a' olnfnljnmr'lier
husband is free from her antd-iiuptinl
dcbt, bocauso she has brought Jiim
nothing with which to pn them;',
and he is free also from her post
nuptial debts, because tho contracts'
nic licr own and only bind herself.
This is husband and wifo limited
and limited very much indeed.
Thcro is also a section which will
greatly disappoint adventurers who
make it their business to marry a
singer, an nctrcssj or an artist, and
then, like Tlinckcray's Captain
Hookey Walker, to live oh her earn
ings. Any monoy Tvhiclin woman
may maker by any employment,'
trade, or occupation, or' by tho
exercise of ajiy literary, -artistic or
Bciontlllo skill these aro tho words'
of' the Aob belougs exclusively to
iU ' wto. . A- iii .