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to obtain from New Guinea cocoanut
oil, palm oil, sandalwood, inahogany,
cedar, ebony, cinnamon, cloves, nut
megs, maize, arrowroot, sago, sugar
cane, bcchc-de-iner, pcarhhcll, tur
tleshell, and trcpang. "I pity them,"
Mr. M'Farlano wrote, "if they rely
upon nivythifig of the kind, for tlicy
will not be able to obtain any one of
these thiiigs. Even eocoanuts ,and
sugarcane are very scarce on the is
land and very dear. All may be had
on the mainland, no doubt, but will
it pay to collect them? For cocoa
nuts they must go to the west ; for
sago to the head of the gulf ; for
spices round to the west and north ;
for ebony round to the eastern side
of the peninsula where I got some
curiosities carved in that wood. For
sandalwood and mahogany I do not
know where they must go, for I have
not seen any on the island
There is" positively nothing to be had
on the south-east of the peninsula,
so far as we know, which is of any
commercial value. Pearlshell and
beche-dc-mer may be found on the
coast, and gold in the interior, as in
Australia. Cotton and coffee, &c,
may be cultivated, but labour would
have to be imported."
Sufllcieut has been' written to show
that settlement in New'Guinea will
not be unattended by danger to
health, and even life. Still the
knowledge we possess of the island
and its capabilities, limited as the
area is over t which travellers have
passed' shows' thut the difficulties in
the way of opening up the country
for the residence and industry of
Europeans are not insurmountable.
That which "is required more than'
anything just now is further inform
ation respecting the interior of the
island, for it' is away from the swampy
coast land and1 in the vicinity of the
hills anil mountains where the neces
sary aids to health and prosperous
settlement must be found. At the
sanie"titne one of the many writers
upon the subject xof New Guinea
has pointed out that people should
not be diverted by "piecemeal ex
ploration of the malarious, unhealthy
coast of South New Guinea from the
true' home of the future white inhab
itants on the eastern and north-eastern
shores of the island." Mr.
Macleay, writing to the "Herald"
after his expedition in the Chevert,
said that he was satisfied from his
own observations, and from what he
had heard from pearlshellers and
others who had visited various parts
of coast, that dread of hostilit' from
the natives need be no bar to the ex
ploration of New Guinea.
The intercourse which had sprung
HP between people engaged in pearl
fishing and the black lfapuans, from
Hampton to Deliverance Island,
shbwcs that the; hostility to strangers
hitherto ascribed to these people was
not in accordance with fact, while as
to the yellow inhabitants of the east
coast of, the Gulf of . Papua, tlieir
submission to, the presence of M. J)
-AUicrtis';' their' friendly conduct to
the missionaiies, and their unsuspi-'
cious reception of II. M.S. Basilisk,
and afterwards of the Cheveit, proved
that they had no antipathy to the
visits of foreigners. The real difli
cultics in the way of exploration,
Mr. Macleay considered, proceeded
from the climate and nature of the
country. The low-lying weedy
swamps which extended from the
head of the Gulf ofPapua westward
to the Dutch boundary line were not
only unhealthy but impenetrable,
and the interior of .this, the most in
teresting part of the island, couUt
only be readied by finding some
river which could be navigated
throughout the whole extent of this
enormous delta. The Fly, he believed,
would be the rivei by which this
might be effected. The' difficulties
in the waj' of exploration on the
eastern side of the gulf were, he
said,-considerably less. The country
was more penetrable, the 'climate
tolerably healthy ; the distance across
the island was very small; and the
ambition to ascend $he great mount
ain range would be so stimulated by
its proximity and apparent easiness
that we might expect before long to
hear of this .part of New Guinea
being thoroughly examined.
(To be Continued.)
E HAVE JUST RECEIVED a
lot'Of very fine '
And also, some
Very Fancy ladies' .Side 'Saddles.
245 . 8. Cleghoru & Co's.
C. U. GKJ4HCU. W. J. FAGKltHOOB.
GEMSCH & JjFAGERBOOS
arid "Jewelers, , .
No. 88 King Street, : r ;,- : ' Houolulti,
1 opposite J. T. Watcrhouse's. '
Watches of all kinds ropaired in a satisfac.
tory manner, and at
Island orders attended to with prompt
ness, and all worn done by us guar
428 anteed to give satisfaction. Cm
Jiall Programmca !
NEW DESIGNS, just received from
San Ffancisso. at Tub Daily Bul,
uktin Office '
JEWELER, JJkOPTI.G'I A.N,
Dealer in Hawaiian Curiosities,
Store In the "Hawaiian Gazette" build
44 ing, opposite the Bank.
F. HORN, Practical Confectioner,
-Pastry Cook and Baker.
No. 71 Hotel st. Telephone 74.
J. LYONS, L. J. LEVEY.
LYONS & LEVEY,
Auctioneers and General
Beaver Block, Queen St., - - . Honolulu.
Sales of Furniture, Stock, Real Estate
and General Merchandise promptly at
Sole Agents for American and Euro
pean merchandise. 318
CARPENTER & BUILDER,
No. 12 King st., near the Bridge.
All kinds of Ice Chests, Refrigerators,
Bath Tubs, &c, &c, made and repaired
at moderate charges. 305 ly
ltnbcrt Lou ere, 0. M. Uooltc.
L ewers & Cooke,
(successors to Lowers & Dickson,)
Importers and Dealers in Lumborand all
kinds oi Building Materials, Fort street,
Honolulu - 1
TCTlIiDEB & CO.,
YY' Dealers in Lumber, Taints,
Oils, Nails, Salt and Building Materials
of every kind, cor. Fort and Queen sts.,
Honolulu. ' 1
BROWN & PHILLIPS,.
Practical Plumbeis, Gas Fitters
and Copper-smiths, No. 71 King St.,
Honolulu. B2F House and Ship Job
Work promptly executed. 17
J No. 80 Fort street, Honolul,1
Import er ;aud Dealer m Gent's, Ladies'
and Children's boots, shoes and slippers.
LAWRENCE 6s FREETH,
Plans and Estimates furnished for works
of construction. Civil Engineering &
Surveying Office, cor. Halckauwila and
Kilauea sts., next door to Widcinann's
300 P. O. Box, 101. ly
G. H. ROBERTSON,
, Drayman best teams
telephone No. G5'. 15
v-im .HONOLULU IKON WORKS,
jesSafiSteam engines, sugar'mills, boil
ers, coolers'; iron, brass and lead cast
ings; machinery of every description
made to order. Particular attention paid
to ship's black smithing. Jobwork exe
cuted at short notice. 1
No. C Qficeu street,. ..... .Fish Market,
. Dealer in choicest
Itccf, Veal, Mutton, Fish, Ac, Ac.
Family and Shipping Orders carefully
attended to. Live stock furnished to
vessels at short notice, and Vegetables
of all kinds supplied to order. J34G ly
Jj RITSON, ACCOUNTANT. .
.To ,bc -found at G. .H Robertson's
, office,' Q'ue'eVstreet." .' 334
W. E. HERR1CK
HAS KEMOVED 1118
From 110 Fort street,
TO I3JDXXXEL STRJEE-J?,
opposite the Bethel, next door to
Daiglo's machine bhop and Brim's Fur
niture Factory, where he will continue
to supply his customers with all kinds of
Wood and Ivory. Turning.
Tliankful for past favors, he hopes for
a continuance of the same. 300 d
BREWER & COMPANY,
GENERAL MeUCANTILE AND
LIST OK OFFICEKS:
P. C. Jones, Jr. . . .President & Manager
J. O. Cautku Treasurer & Seci clary
Hon. C. R. Bishop. Hon. H. A. P. Cahteii
Geo. W. Mncfarlanc. H. R. Macfailane.
G. W. MACFARLANE & Co.' " "
IMPORTERS, COMMISSION MER-
Fire-Proof Building, - 52 Queen stiect,
Honolulu. H. I.
The Waikapu Sugar Plantation, Maui,
The Spencer1 Sugar Plantation, Hawaii,
The Ileeia Sugar Plantation, Oahu,
Huolo Sugar Mill, Maui,
Huelo Sugar Plantation, Maui,
Puuloa Sheep Ranch Co., Hawaii,
J. Fowler & Co. Steam Plow and Port
able Tramway "Works, Leeds, r
Mirrlees, Watson & Co's Sugur Machin.
Glasgow and Honolulu Line of Packets.
Claus Spreckcls. Wm. Q. Irwin.
TXT G. IRWIN & COMPANY,
Y Y Sugar,Factors and Commission
Agents, Honolulu. 1
HHackfeld & Company,
General Commission Agents,
Queen street, Honolulu. lu
AS. CLEQHORN & Co.
Importers and Commission
Merchants, dealers in General Mcichan
dise, Queen and Kaahumanu sto.,' Hono
lulu. ' ' 78
DIAS & GONSAL.VES,
No. 57 Hotel Stieet, Honolulu,
Importers nnd'Dealers in Dry and Fancy
Goods, Inlaid Work, Embioidcry,
280 &c, &c, &c.
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
Importer and Dealer in General
Merchandise, Queen st, Honolulu. 1
S. GRINBAUM &c CO.,
Importers of General Mer
chandise and Commission Merchants,
MS. GRINBAUM & CO., , .
124 California street,
I Sau Francisco, Cal.
BROWN &-CO., , , .,
Wholesale Wine and Sp'irit
Merchants, No. 14 Merchant st.,
FT. LENEHAN & CO.,
... Importers and Commission
Merchants, Nuuanu st., Honolulu'; 1
S. N. Cubtlc. J. b. Athcrton.
CASTLE & COOKE,
Shipping and Commission
Morclmnts. Importers and Dealers in
General Merchandise, No. 80 King at.,
WING WO CHAN Ss CO.,
Importers and General Dealers
In Euglish, American and Chinese Pro
visions, Plantation Tea and General
Supplies. Also, white and colored con
tract matting, all qualities and prices;
JPST No. 22 Niuuiuii Street, opposite
Mr. Afoug's. 81