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rPHC IWDEUSIOXED have lornicil
-L a copal IncrMiip under the 111 m
name of ' SPKEt'KELS iV Co." for the
purpose oT cairying on n general bunk
lilt' ami exchange business nt llnnoluln,
ami such other placei In the Hawaiian
Kingdom as may be derined advisable.
(Signed) (.'LAUS Sl'UKCKKI.S.
Win G. 1MVIX.
1 E. LOW.
Honolulu, Jan. Mill, 1881.
Hefuniug to the above we beg to in.
form the business public (lint we live
prepaied to nuiko loani, dUeounl npprov
cd notes, and purchase cchangc at the
best current intes. Our arrangements
for elling echangu on the principal
points in the United Stites, Europe,
Clilnn, Japan and Australia ate being
made, and w lien perfected, due notice
will be Riven. We shall also lie prepared
to receive deposits on open account,
make collections, and conduct a general
banking and cxciianee buslius..
010 Stub (signed) STUECKELS A, Co.
Pledged to nelthor Eoct nor Tatty.
Bat established for tbo benefit of ell.
FRIDAY, FEU. 8, 1881.
THIS DAY'S DOINGS.
Mr. E. V. Admits will sell at 10,
at Sales Room, Wales Huckets, etc.
Ladies' Prayer Meeting, Fort Si.
Church, at ! o'clock.
Band, Emma Square, 7 :o().
Social at Miss BrceseV, r.'M.
Musical Society, Practice at 7 :'M.
Imp. Order of Red Men. at 7:30.
Morning Star Lodge, K. of P. 7 :30.
PRISONS AND PRISON DISCIPLINE.
Mr. W. U. Smith has contributed
to the Jlumn ii'in Monthly an aiticlc
on "Pri&ons and Prison Discipline."
The intrinsic merit of this article
entitles it to consideration. Cabinet
ministers, jail officials, and philan
thropists may find in it " food for
thought." The author has carefully
studied, from hooks, prison systems
and prison reforms abroad, besides
possessing the additional advantage
of experience in the management of
piisoners at home. Although not
disposed to accept unipicstioningly
- every conclusion at which Mr. Smith
and the writers quoted by him arrive,
wc consider his article a v::!:i.ib!e
and timely contribution to an im
port ant subject. For the benefit, of
those of our leaders who may not
have seen the Monthly, wo repro
duce that portion of the article which
has more particular reference to our
'Perhaps Urol in importance is
the need of seeming a trained prison
ollicer to h ive the charge of the
Oahti jail. Sueii a man can be. ob
tained from abroad for compensation
consistently within the means avail
able for pri-ini purpose:.; and he
should have guided oiliecrs under
him who could look t'onvaid to pro
motion. All should be well laid.
A well nrra.iqeil prison -ylein at
Honolulu would produce its icults
on the other linee main piisoiis of
the islands, at llilo, Wailiiku and
Next, there should beyond ques
tion be established a board of prison
inspectors; perhaps three inspector.-,
two'oi whom to be independent citizen-,,
all -erving without pay would
be well. This hoaid should make
frequent visits and rentier stated re
ports. Some of their repot ts, nt
regular peiiods, to be published.
And a thorough and intelligent ut
tempt should be undo to provide
work for the piUonern within the
prison walk. The established an
swer to this piopositioii is ihnl ' it is
no use to try it.' It wont pay and
cannot be done.' I can safely say
thai the expeiiinent has not been
tried tor very ninny years, and it is
doubtful if it ever was, thoroughly
tried. The- entire .system of send
ing out indhidun! prisoners to woik
for private parlies as home or yaid
servants is wholl.v unsound and is
subversive of discipline. Without
regard to the evils of this plan on
general principles, in actual fact
prisoners mo -elected for these in
dividual services according to their
aptitiido and hnudiucss titsiich work,
with little or no refeicnco to their
The law lelaling to commutation
of sentences, ivhicli was passed in
187-1 , should be obsoivod in the
spirit intended, ami not n- now used
for the benefit of all, or ueaily all,
without disci limitation. As now ex
ecuted it loses nearly all of its force
and value. The law reads; 'The
'Marshal shall require the keeper of
every jail to keep u record of the J
conduct of each conviel whoso Icrin
of imprisonment is not less than
three months, and for every month
that n conviel appears by such record
to have faithfully observed nil the
rules of the prison and to have con
ducted himself in all respects prop
erly, there shall ho deducted from
the whole term of his sentence as
follows: Two working days for
every thirty days. Said records
shall he shown in Privy Council
when considering petitions Cor Royal
The pri-oh records should contain
more than at ptescnl, and should be
The pardoning power should not
be exercised as freely as nt present
And it should hugely, if not alto
gether, be guided by thciccoidof
ihe.prisoner, and repot ts of the jailor
llawaiiaiis ate not tilted to be jai
lors, except only in subordinate posi
tions their whole training, home life
and association is not calculated to
make them disctcet disciplinarians
Maiy have been tried as turnkeys
and overseers, and with very few
exceptions they are found to be ei
ther too lax or too severe in their
government, and not suitable to be
entrusted with the care of prisoners
except under the immediate supervi
sion of superior olllcers. This expe
rience has been especially marked in
cases where the prisoners weie of
different races. The government
which might be deemed by some to
answer the purpose where all the
prisoners aie native llawaiiaiis, would
not be safe in case of foreigners of
Tumi Oni Own Cnrru-iionduiil.
The Chinese New Year passed off
pleasantly and quietly in llilo, the
Chinese seemed disposed to comply
with existing laws and although the
great day commenced on Sunday
they showed a due reverence for
that day, (but the temptation to
make a big noise must have been
great), and alo a good deal of sense
was shown in treating their native
friends, to brandy and strong drinks
in moderation, as only one native
was known to be legally drunk.
Election matters are very quiet and
foreigners can have but little to do
with it, as this district which now
number-, about 0,000 inhabitants,
contains about 0,000 foreigners, and
of these only 2 are entitled to vole.
This is the showing of the tax li-t of
The sugar crop of llilo distiiet for
1883 81, will bo nearly 1.0,000 tons.
Ciops are good and things seem
pro-perou-. The gieat need of this
distiiet and llamakuais a Railroad.
It iinl'oitiiiiately happens that just
nt the. time the sugar crop begins to
come in and also in the Spring
months, the coast fiom llilo to Wai
pio is, for weeks together, inacce.-si
hie ft. mi heavy surf, anil sugar ac
cumulates in the planters' hands,
which could be di-posod oi imme
diately if a narrow gaue Railroad
i an past his mill taking it to "llilo,
where shipping can lie at wharves and
load with safely at all -casons of
year. The Railroad is the great
desideratum, anil whoever builds it
controls the sugar crops of llilo and
Ilainakua, as well as the .supplying
of nearly twenty plantations now
producing say 20,000 tons ir sugar,
to say nothing of the new ontei pri
ses which the opening of such a road
would develop, for "the whole dis
tance, say t"1) miles, is continuous
cane land, and also canable of pro
ducing colfeo and all 'sorts of tropi
cal fruits especially in the llilo dis
trict. The hi-hr Kuiin.t C'laudiiia sails
this week for San Francisco sho has
a full fi eight, !l."t) tons of sugar en
gaged. AUCTION SALE BY J. P. ADAMS.
Tin Plates and Buckets
On Friday, Feb. Stlj,
.( 10 n.m. at Ss.ih' IIokiii, 1 ill sell
at Public Auction,
For account of vho:n II may concern
Tim billowing niiiclu; ihiuugcl on
ui.vuuof importation fiom Liverpool,
iiltibli hurl; " Aboryj-twlth Onlle,"
HI liosui Olmruoil Tin ".'Jule-.,
II 1228-17 150 do. Ducket?,
15. J'. A damn, Auctioneer.
IJELFAST ilNGl.Il ALE.
l?n-s'' Ale, (Julncss's Stout,
.IcH'rey's Ale, .Icll'riy's Poller,
iii (nmrls and pint.
Scotch Whiskey, In cases and casks
Cognac l-l r
ChiroK etc., ntit.
Uy Hackielu & Co.
rpo LET, five minute walk from Po-t
JL OlUirc. Euquire at
022 tt .1. M.OA'LMr. &Cu.
United wc Stand, Divided we Fall!
THE ONLY RECOGNIZED
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENTS
IN THE HAWAIIAN KINGDOM!
THE NEW FIBM TAKE MITOH PLEASUBE IN STATING TO
JL the lluMuc-4 Community and the Public Generally, that they have llttcd up
one of the J'leganl Ground Kloots in the
NEW CAMPBELL FIRE-PRQ0F BUILDING..
On Merchant, Street, Honolulu,
Where they will conduct their Itusliie-s bet caller, and be nio-l happy to -ee their
patrons and friend-' who desire tobe-tow on them their pationage. feeling assured
that all business tran-aetion- will be conducted by them in every paitieular lo the
bet of their ability, and on the mot rea-onalde b.i-i-.
Agencies : WeEEs, Eras-go & Coa,;
ILVNI13L.E & ST. JO, AND
CHICAGO, BURLINGTON & QUINCY RAILROADS,
IfEAL. ESTATE AND EMPLOYMENT,
Mutual Life Insurance Company, New YorJc,
CITY OF LGJOOH" FISS INSURANCE CO.,
, Money I Custom
atp-Special attention in the following iH'p.srtment will be our aim. and we
invite your careful peiual."H
WELLS, PAHUO & CO., GENERAL FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
AGENTS We deliver Letters, Packages, J'areels and Money all over the World,
-end oi del s direct to our Agents likewi-e. lobe tilled and letiirned. Ship through
out the Tnitcd .States and t'oieign Countiie Merehandi-e, Curio-. Are., from the
Kingdom. ftafAlwavs advise jour friends abroad lo -end Parcels. Packages,
Impoitant Letter- anil .Money to you tlnoiigh AVKLLS, KAItGO it Co.. who-e
Ageneie- are e-tabli-hed in all huge eitle- on the globe. Don't eon-ider the ex
peni when -ending through u, n- we will Guarantee you Sali-faetion hi every
particular, and bold ourselves re-pon-lble in all our uiuleitaking-.
AGENT -FOR THE HANIBLE AND ST JO , AND CHICAGO, BURLING
TON AND QUINCY RAILROADS. These Koad- are the most Comfortable and
Inviting Koadsgoing Ka-t. Tourl-t-will Ibid Ibe f-cenery. the l'alaee Cars, the
Station Kctaurant along these routes mo-t inviting and superior, and Letter-will
be given to all Travelers and Touri-ts going either a- I-t or Jnd ela-s i:i engers
to the J'rineipal Agent in San Franei-eo, who will take special pains in making
you acquainted with Hallway Olllchil- through letter-, -o that your nip will be
nio-t enjoyable to the end.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS "WE BUY AND SELL REAL ESTATE ill all
part- of the Kingdom, Search Jlecoid- and attend completely lo every branch
in Selling lie.il and Leasehold Property. Our ofllee will contain maps of all
Tropin tie- left in our chaigc. Wis make a specialty in Collecting JJent-. keep
ing Trenii-i's in lepair. I'ayiag and Discharging Taxes, "Water Hate- and eliecliug
Iii-uianccs. Owner-of Property -hould bear in mind that we will ic.lic.vc them
fiom given their atlenlion to l'ropeity, giiarantceing at all time- to act with care
anil for a nominal consideration lor services in this department. Rooms, Cottages
and Man-Ion- to let at all times on application lo us.
EMPLOYMENT AGENTS. "WE SUPPLY ALL KINDS OP KELP, both
.Male and IV male, in all the various branches of industry on the-e Islands.
Agents, Planter, and Merchants geneially should notify n- when vacancies
i-.i-t . as w e vv ill f iinii-li no help Mtch ab Ck rks, Salesmen, Hook-keepers. .Mechanic
or Laborer.- unices well i ('commended to Us.
Chinese Servant-and Female Servants will be supplied lo families at short
notice, for which a nominal eoumil--lou i- evicted.
LIKE AND FIRE INSURANCE AGENTS We feel it a duty to call every
man'- attention (p.irtlculaily a man of family) to keep hi- Life insured for the
benefit of his Family, who -o often are dependent upon his labors for their sup
poil. Young men and mechanics would liud it the mo-t pleasant duty of their
live to take out a Policy on the 'Tontine" principal, when, in a few year,
.should they live, thev will have sulllcient funds to engage In business, vvithii neat
liltle income to back them. We invite you to calll on Us when we will take
pleasure In illustrating lo you how benellcial it i for your welfare to be Insured !
Kvery man who owns Property should reinenibci' that "Fire." that glim
messenger often makes the rich, or wcll-lo-do, poor and poverty stiicken. Let
this be a warning to you, and call on u- at once and protect yourselves against
MONP.y TO IjOAN. FROM OlOO TO $10,000 ON FIRST-CLASS SECURITY.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKERS. "We have made special arrangement- wheiebv
we can enter Goods at the Custom House through Tower of Attornoy, and we cail
upon all Mcichants and .Store-keepers to make us their Agents at once. Our
Charge- forlhl- woikare veiy Iteasoirible, and wo will F.nter Hoods, Pay and Dis
charge Freight and Duty Mils and Deliver Your Goods dheet to your places of
business in prompt older. .Merchants and Store-keepers will llnd this of great ad
vantage lo tin m in every way.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENTS Our long aequilntanco with the Business
Community I- well known, and we iuvaiiably keep Inviolate nil business matters
of a private nature. Uusbie-s men who will Intrust their commercial matters to u
may alwav feel safe in so doing. Wo study the interests 'of our clients at all
time-, and adl-e on all bii-ine-s tuple, carefully, based on our best judgment.
In the General llu-hiess Depaitiueut wo attend to everything in the Commer
cial line, such as the following, viz : Hooks and Accounts Kept and Adjusted Ac
curately. Neatly and Satisfactorily, Hills Collected Piomptly. and Proceedings
Taken Against 'Creditors when compulsion joqiilros a speedy -I'ltleiuent. Legal
Papers of eveiy description, such a- Deed-. Honds. Mortgage-, Hills of Sale,
Lea-es, Will-, Partnership Papers, itc, ihawn. ALSO Advertisements, Notices,
Ai tides, Comiiiuiile.itious and Correspondence written. ALSO .Memorials
Drafted and Ihigro-sed, Drafts, Notes, Hills of lOxehange, Letters of Credit, and
Hanking Matters Geneially attended to.
All Orders from the various Islands to us will reeelvo prompt
ness. Wc can puicha-e ai the i.owkst MAitiurr kati:s, and much more reason
ably than j on can, and we inspect everything before we buy, and, therefore, It is
to your interest to send y our eiders to us, as we iheu become, le-ponslble, and the
small commission you pay us I- lc, than what your puichascs amount lo buying
a. you have been doing direct.
JSIfAII coiiespoiiileuce to us we lake pleasure in answering without delay.
Jcsy-We Invite everyone to in.pect our new and spacious olllccs, and have all
our dcpaituicnts working under a systematic rule, with polite assistants, central
location, and special advantages for conducting our business, wo feel that the
coimuimlty at lingo will he gratified hi knowing that such a beneficial Institution
ha been c-tabllshed, wheie the wants of all may be supplied by
Your Mo-t Obedient Servants, '
WISEMAN & ASHLEY,
denerul iitsinemi Ajents, UumnbclVs Xcio Jllocl,; Merchant Street.
P. O. nox inn, TLLLPJIO.Vi: I7i.
JKQyP, S. Our Chribtuias and New Year's Hooks arc ready, and on applica
tion or by letter we. tv ill present or send you one. duo,
REDUCTION IN riilCJBH.
Tregloau & Atwator,
Tailors and Clothiers,
Four & IToTnt. Sth. 0U0 out
jFt The American Ilk. OEYI.ON
vCS'iV nnvVdischaiging nt Brewer's
&r- ll!1 is c-H'cred for tide. The
arbrii? vm-el Is in complete older,
lav been ncwlv coppered, has a complete
inventory, and' lltlul for a voyage to any
part of the wot Id. For fin titer pnrtlru
lnrs apply to
C lUlEWEU & Co.,
()l!0 21 Agents Hark Ceylon.
DILLINGHAM & CO.'S
:OU OWN PATENTS:
Breaking Tmws, llice Plows fi to 11 huh, CiiIiImiIoih mid Hor e lliinnv.i.
4g',ieilt,,i.,l H!ii-xjUjbio1!1 &
A veiy complete A-hortinent
Miigneso Calcile Fire Proof Safes, abso
lutely (ire proof
HABKNESS FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
NEW DESIGNS IN SILVER PLATED WAKE.
Wiie Cloth, Wile Netting, Hico Cloth, Hinl Cnge.,
Black and Fencing Wiie, Tumps, "Windmills, Tanks,
Hydrauciic Rams, Skidgats Oil in Five Gallon Tins.
Kerosene and Lubiienting Oils a specialty, A good Slock on hand, and lo iirilvu.
CtiU find examine onv Xcw Goods.
DILLTNOIIAM & CO.
,t?'7-''-,'fc'l"--- L-.'ref-rtuf-tHVaL--.v-'vt.--gn ,--Wfc, v ( . ,,
A 2T22W INVOJCB OF
Embroideries and Laces,
Will lc sold at Bargains, at
A. EV3 MELLBS, 5 04 Fort Street.
HEADY P0B, FUMISHING- HOUSES.
Lambrequins, Cornices and Picture Frames
or l.vnuY di:scuii'tion' madi: to oudi:ii.
lO.I & 107 li'ort Slruoi, Honolulu, II.. 1.
EST Island Orders will receive Troinpt and Caioful Attention. (1.00 Dm h
Pioneer Carriage Maimfaetory,
75, '7? and SI
rMAN & WRIGHT,
All ordeis for Whccl-vehiclcs of every description tilled villi prom,!
dikpati'li. FirM-elass Mechanics employed all thy year lonnd
je- FINE CARIUAGrE "WORK A SrECIALTY.
Xolhiiurton hot or too hoavv for in. TUA.M CAUi OMN'IIiUl'sr.S 1'
TrOX WACJOXS, MULfi & OX CAHTS, made to order, alleicd.M u-
Our Iforso Shoeing Denartnient
Ih under the supervision of a practical
nave no in-u lor .so.ilviuj; Fcalils or lot tut
FINE TURN OVER
FOH SALL CIIFAr-manuf.n'iiiiid
THC WINDSOR RESTAURANT,
(i( . :oni.
8S NOW OPEN !
The reputation of the ahine-naiiicd
Obtnhllhhii out l(i'Sii culoi Meals is well
knovMi, ami rniuliib no fnitliet ion).
incur. i;io lin h
rgMlK ritock and jooil.vvill or a Shoe.
-ft. ii:iUti'M HIioji in Wulliiku, hiDliid
iu a Howe 1) Machine (now), Ueuelius,
Lisi, ete, A gi oil location; rent low,
and a jjood mi'to-u iraile. Iiujulru of
JJa lid ait, Ilonntiilu, or
II. L 'lOEXNILS,
O.ni, AVailuku, Maui.
it ur. jtuw.A'ivi' lias leinovcu ner
Dicsbiiiakiuu; Lstubllslimi'iil to
No. 51 Beretania Street,
Xext door to Mm, Dickson's,
77 ami 81
i i s. am!
man a lneolniiic Kcr.nd ton
k. All work Kiiaiantccd.
M'JIll'.MAIS J WlCIUllT,
7,-. 77 and PI KIiik
Olllco Siin't Water Works,
Honolulu, July 3, 1882.
LL pcrbons having "Water Ji jvilegca
. arc notillcil that their Water l!:itp
aiepayahle bemi annually, in advance,
at the oillce of the Supcrliitendent of
Water Works, foot of Nuiianu street,
upon the lbt day of Januarv nnd July of
eachvear. OITAB. J5. WILSOX,
Stlp't A aioi Vi'orki
ts. K. KAAI. Minister of Interior 2flt
Govi'.itNon's" OifKicr, Ifo:;o-)
mii,u, Sept. 21, ISSy. f
"XTOT1GK is lieiehyKiven that nodohta
-L contracted on Loli.ilf of the Ha
waiian hand will he reccgnled or paid
unless oi dircd hythe uiiUersigue.l.
tlM). O, )O.MINI3,
(iQvcrnor of Oahu.
ANYONE found on my iiicniii.es at
Moaiialuii wiihoutniv p"i mit-aion
will ho pio icutcd for irespnes.
O KA MEA o lima ana inulunu o ku'u
niii.i ma Moanalua, me ku'u no olu aku
o hoopiiia no oia no ke ).on,ohevvn
Jan. lfith, IBS I. oio jm
ALL 1I1I.LS due lo the Uudeisliijiid
up to Sept. 30th, 18s:), If not tct.
tied on or I eforo Fehruuiv Jtt, will he
placed in lliu hamU of a Collector.
02 J m y. j: FOSTJJlt.
WILL XOrijorespoiifcihle for any
J debts contracted in mv iiuino after
this date, without mv written nidcr.
Hoiinlulu, Jan.21, J891. 017 Hw
8 JO Ittiwu.-d.
T OST on Baturday nij;lil ou Hotel st.
yj A douMe EiikMsIi Traveling Hug,
a dyed sheciiskln loot rujj, and uu em.
hroideicd (hiet.wrap. The uhovo io.
ward will bo paid on returning panic, to
400 G. W. MACPAIiLANB & Co
if ,c- '