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THE UNDERSIGNED have formed
a copartnership inulcr tho llrm
name of " SPRECKKlS & Co." for tho
purpose of carrying on n general bunk
ing ami exchange business at Honolulu,
and such other places In the Hawaiian
Kingdom as may bo deemed advisable
(Signed) OLAUS RPRECKELS.
" Win. G.IRWIN,
F. F. LOW.
Honolulu, Jim. 14th, 1884.,
Referring to the uboo wo bog Jo In.
form the business public Unit wo iivc
prepared to make loans, discount uppiov
cd notes, and purchase exchange at the
best current rales. Our arrangements
for selling exchange on the principal
points in the United States, Europe,
China, Japan and Australia arc being
made, and when perfected, due notice
will be given. "Wc shall also be prepared
to receive deposits on open account,
make collections, and conuuci a general
banking and exchange businoss.
010 8ml) (signed) SPKEOKEL
S & (Jo.
BISHOP & Co., BANKEKS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange ou the
Hanlc ol Oalilbriiiiu IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Mews. N. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
TJie Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
.Chrlstchurch, and Wellington.
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, B. C. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Business.
G09 ly b
Pledged to neither Beet nor Forty.
But established for the benefit of all
SATURDAY, APRIL 10, 1884.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINGS.
Drawing Class, Y. M. C. A. 7
Gospel Temperance Meeting
Bethel, at 7:30.
Casino at the Park, open all day.
Bethel Sunday Selrool, at 9 :45.
Fort St. Church S. S. at 9:45.
St. Andrew's Cathedral S. S. 10.
Bethel, Service, at il.
St. Andrews' Cathedral, service,
morning and, evening.
Fort St. Church, service, morning
Prayer Meeting Y. M. C. A.,
3 :30 p.m.
Bible Class at Fort St. -Church
Vestry, at 6:15
STRAICHT IN THE FACE.
How many of our business men,
wholesale or retail, mechanics or
laborers venture to look the present
condition of" the Hawaiian Kingdom
straight in the face? Some have
done so, but maivy do- not relish
what is seen in the minor and post
pone the examination, hoping that
the aspect of affairs will change.
The sole support of the country is
sugar. It was once the
fleet, but, whalers
us, we had tg discover a new in
dustry, and we found sugar. What
other industries have we to fall back
upon should sugar fail us? Noth
ing. Some will think it absurd to im
agine that sugar can fail us. It is
not absurd but a stern reality which
wc must face. The price of sugar
has decreased steadily for months.
It may rise again for a brief period
but it will be lower and remain lower
than it is to-daj'. Why? Because
there will be more competition and it
will be grown at less cost elsewhere
than it can be in this Kingdom.
The cultivation of sorghum sugar
has been pronounced a success, and
the cost of its cultivation is trivial.
It can be easily raised throughout
the United States and sold there at
much lower rates than we can afford
to sell our produce. The treaty be
tween the United States and Mexico
is a great blow to Hawaii. Mexico
will develop, by the use of American
capital, into an enormously produc
tive . sugar growing country. An
American authority on the subject
states that "sugars to polarize
89 to 90, color 10, are produced
on the prime lands of Mexico at a
cost of one and a half cents per
pound, and this figure will be loxo
' ered." There is not a planter in
the Kingdom who can compete with
such rates of production, omitting
the extra cost of double shipment
till our produce reaches Sau Fran
cisco. Another authority says :
"The removal of the duty on
sugar gives a great advantage to the
Mexican cane planters over those of
Louisiana, and, favored as they will
be by a virgin soil and tropical
climate, they may soon have the
sugar market of the United States to
themselves. Less than two million
acres of good soil, in n region neither
lmblc to bo injured by floods or
frosts, ought to easily produce nil
the sugnr that our people will enre
to use for some yours to come."
What nrc wc to .do ? Shall wc sit
down idly until tho crisis comes upon
us ? Why not nt once seek n, remedy
and be prepared for the inevitable?
"Wc may have a few years longer
lease of tho San Francisco sugar
market, so let us make the most of
that time. Every plantation in the
Kingdom imports what is required,
from year to year, to assist in its
effectual working. Many of these
imported articles might be grown by
tho planters themselves if they
would only set aside a small pro
portion of their acreage for the pro
duction of. crops other than sugar.
Wc could produce maize, all kinds
of fodder for stock, potatoes, flour,
grapes-und other fruits, and many
This "food for thought" will, we
know, have an unpalatable tnsjtc to
many, but we intend to refer to it
again as wc feel that the time has
come when every merchant and
planter must look his present condi
tion and his future prospects straight
in the face.
It is universally conceded by the
medical practitioners of these islands
that the national staff of life, poi, is
a wholesome ami nutritious food.
The well developed and powerful
muscular system of the native Ha
waiian, whose principal article of
diet is poi, is satisfactory proof that
the doctors are not mistaken. Many
foreigners who have come to these
sunny shores debilitated and in quest
of health, also bear testimony to the
recuperative effects of a poi diet.
Instances can be cited of persons
having sought in vain for the resto
ration of health and vigor in medi
cines, costly wines, and change of
climate, who have discovered the
desired blessing by the use of poi.
In short, extremely few find this
simple food to disagree with their
stomachs, or fail to derive benefit
from its use. "What wonder then
that it should form an important
part of the dietary programme of
many white, families on the islands.
It is a food which most foreigners
do not like at first, but soon acquire
a taste for when induced to try it ;
while children born of foreign
parents on the islands seem to take
as naturally to it as the pure blooded
Hawaiians themselves. The usual
method of manufacture, in which
the hands arc freely used for knead
ing and mixing, undoubtedly con
stitutes a strong and valid objection
to the use of poi as food. It is felt,,
and cannot be denied, that there is
danger of transmitting communica
ble distempers from diseased to
healtlry persons by this means. A
conviction of this fact has operated
very much against the use of poi
among foreigners of late, and also
among thoughtful natives. Probably
this fact induced the Aldcn Fruit &.
Taro Co., of Wailuku, to devise a
method of prepai-ation which is en
tirely free from the objectionable
feature just now referred to. By
this method the taro undergoes a
process of artificial drying, and is
theif ground into flour. In this state
,it may be kept for an indefinite
length of time, and can be converted
into poi as required for use, just as
easily as, in fact more easily than,
wheat flonr can be made into bread.
The taro flour can now be obtained
from any grocer in Honolulu, and
families can furnish themselves with
a pure .article of poi, eating to their
hearts content, without risk or fear,
by adhering to the following direc
tions: "Mix the flour with cold
water, making a thick paste. Place
the paste into a cotton cloth or bag ;
tic the cloth or bag with a string,
then immerse the whole in boiling
water for from half an hour to one
hour and a half, according to the
quantity. When thoroughly cooked,
take it out of the cloth, and when
cold stir with a stout spoon or potato
masher ; and when mixed, add water
THE PROJECTED AMERICAN TOUR.
A meeting of gentlemen connected
with the proposed visit of Australian
colonists to America was held at tho
Pastoral Chambers, when it was de
cided to postpone the affair for a
time. In consequence of tho protracted
drought and the passage of the Land
Ttill ilirnucrli "PftvlinnimiL if. wnM cnn.
sidcrcd that a number of influential
and desirable gentlemen could not bo
of the party, and who would gladly
join if the time of departure were al
tered. InthomeantimcMr. C. Kahlo,
U. S. Consul, will continue to inaluro
arrangements with his own country,
and arrange here with those gentle
men who may wish to join. Sydney
livening If exes.
MONEY TO LOAN
TN SUMS TO SUIT, ETC. INQUIRE
JL OF , J. WILLIAMS.
002 tf 102 Fort Street
SPECIAL MEETING of Honolulu
Engine Co., No. 1. will be held
Monday Evening, 31st iust.
Every member is particularly requested
to be present. Business of Importance.
692 2t Per Order.
FOR SALE I
THE PLEASANT PEEM
ISES owned by J. BRAD
LEY, ESQ., on the corner of
Berctonia and Kccaumoku Streets, run
ning buck to Young Street.
The Cotagc (almost now,) two story,
contans nine Rooms, with Kitchen, Bath,
Stables and Carriage House., Grounds
newly laid out. Lot, being 100 x 800.
Garden shade trees, lo minutes walk to
The above premises are most desirable.
Terms reasonable. Owner sells on ac
count of leaving the Islands for a tcim.
V Apply to J. BRADLEY,
or to J. E. WISEMAN,
G92 lw General Business Agent.
Corner King and Fort Streets.
The above well known and Old Estab
lished Gallery for sale at once.
This Gallery has every convenient
facility, the Instruments being of modei n
make and in perfect order,. Will sell
the complete stock of Chemicals and
Acids, Goods, Chatties, Fixtures, Island
Curios, Views, Photographs, Goodwill,
etc. Also the STORE below with its
entire Stock and Fixtures. Lease of
premises reasonable and to run for more
than three years.
The owner (Mr. Montano) retires on
account of ill health. This Gallery hns
always flourished and paid handsomely,
and to the right man no better invest
ment could be offered. The location is
desirable and central, and the terms will
be made as reasonable as purchaser could
wish. Apply on the premises to
or to J. -E. WISEMAN,
(Ji)2 lm General Business Agent.
3 GOOD DRESS MAKERS. Apply
nt; MRS. A. M. MELLIS' Dresri
Making Department, 10 Fort Street.
COTTAGE of not less than four
Rooms in a respectable locality.
Addi ess Cottage this Olllce. 081) 1 w
A NICE SUIT of rooms, in a private
familj', for a maw and wife, with
the privilege of light housekeeping.
Address, L. T. S., P. O. Box 121, Hono,
lulu. 088 St
A HOUSE, 7 Rooms, Kitchen,
Pantry and Bath House, with
nice front garden. Also, one
Furnished Room. Apply at fj3 Emma
Streeet. 091 tf
FOR GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
to MRS. TURNER, 82 King Street,
nearly opposite the Windsor Restaurant,
COO ly b
ONE SIDE of that beautiful Office
now occupied entire by J. E.
Wiseman in the Campbell Block, Mer
chant street, with select office Furniture,
Apply to J . E. WISEMAN.
041 tf ' General Business Agent."
- i . .i v , , , t - ,
Tuition on the Zither.
GIVEN at pupils residence. For
particulars inquire at M. Echart's
Jewellers store, 00 Fort street. Terms
moderate. 082 2w
For Sale. '
A GENTLE FAMILY JERSEY COW,
4 years old for sale. Just suitable
for a family. Gives 0 quarts of milk
a day. Warranted a perfect pet. $70.
Apply to J. E. WISEMAN,
089 lw General Business Agent.
NOTICE ! ,
of tho Firm of
Htalhaiii & Co., I'Jaito nrumtrartiirei-H,
ol" Sun ITranolseo,
who for two successive years rocoived
the only Gold Medal for Pianos nt tho
for 1882, 1883, will visit Honolulu per
S. S Alameda, arriving on April 22nd,
and will remain hero for ten days, during
which time ho will undertake to repair
and tune Pianos, Organs, etc. Any one
requiring the service of a muster hand
will leave letter. Care of
O. E, WILLIAMS,
000 1W 1) Fort Street.
a?1 in ej
Ifl liivcstmciil, ft
TO RANCHERS GENERALLY
For Lease &, For Sale
nPHE MOKULEIA RANCH adjoin
X ing thoWiialun Plantation, Island
of Oahu, Covering HOOO acres more or
lcs", with live Dwellings, Outbuildings,
six Artesian "Wells supplying entire
premises, scvcrnl acres cultivated, to
Leake for a term of years.
ON THE ABOVE RANCH, over 800
Choice and Select head of Cattle, lfl
Bullocks, -40 Horses, 100 Hogs, 5100 Fowl,
Wagons, Can '.ages, Carts, Implements,
and Goods and Chatties Generally. The
above extensive Ranch is now and has
been florishing prosperously for years,
the owner retiring on account of 111
health being the only reason for dispos
ing of his intcicsts. The stock is all
ilrst class Imported Breeding Stock.
The Ranch is laid out In Paddocks and
for a first class Cattle Hog and Dairy
Ranch it cannot bo excelled. For gen
eral Information apply to Joseph Men
donca on the Ranch at Waialua, or to
J. E. WISEMAN.
General Business AgontHonoluln.
FOUR FINE .BUILDING
LOTS at Punahou, Honolulu,
lying between tho premises of
Mr. B. F. Dillingham and Messrs. Grn
ham and Foster. Two of these lots have
each a frontage of 100 feet on Bcrctania
Street and a depth of T.00 feet, and two
have each n frontage of 103. 7 feet on
Bingham Street and a depth of 275 feet.
These four lots, adjoin each other and
will be sold cither separately or as a
Apply to J. M. MONSARRAT,
No. 27 Merchant Struct.
To Plaiers I Otes
Fine Lane Yoig
Apply to J. I. Jj&oivsett,
or E. A. JRralcaiv,
088 tf Queen Street.
Tregloan & Atwatar,
Have Just Received a Choice Lot o!
FOKT it IIOTETi STS.
000 3 m
OR THE ACCOMMODATION of the
Public the KIN AU will an i vein
Honolulu, Saturday, April 20th, at day
light, leaving Kawaihae at 10 a.m.,
Friday, April 20th, Malmkona at noon
same Ilav. Mnalaca Bav at.O n.m. Pas.
Pscnger train from Niulii at 8 a.m.,
Friday, Apia astn. uau at o
Notice of Removal.
W. II PLACE, of the EUREKA
HOUSE, Maunnkea Street, begs to in form
his friends and the public generally, that
he will remove to those central premises,
at the corner of Marine and Nuuanu Sts,
on the 10th inst., and will open the same
with a new stock of Cigars, Cigarettes,
Tobacco, Pipes, etc., all of the finest
brands. Further notice ol the opening
will be given. 082 td
A DIVIDEND of 3 per share will be
payable to the stock holders of E.
O. HALL & SON LIMITED, at their
offlco" Fridav, April 18th 1884.
L. C. ABLES,
090 31 Secretary.
THE STORE AND STOCK lately
carried on by Ah Moon, at Mann,
near tho Queen's Hospital, has been Hold
to2Y. Alan. 'All persons indebted to tho
said Ah Moon are requested to pay him
Honolulu,-April Mill, 1884. 087 lw
A DIVIDEND of Three Dolhus per
-OL share la -NOW PAYABLE
to tho shareholders of the Hawaiian Oar-
ago Manufacturers Company, Limited,
inoir oiuecjNO. 'u ijucen stieet
E. G. SCI1UMAN,
(582 3w Secretary & Treasurer.
IF YOUR HORSE IS SICK or-LAME,
pr any way out of older, call on A
T. BAKER, at Capt. J. C. Cluney'u sta
bled, corner of Queen & Punchbowl sts.
USrBrcaking horses to saddle or car
riagota specialty. 4 SO ly
J.M.OATA CO., NATIrAKKItft,
Loft in A. F, .Cookes Now FircProof
Building, foot of Nuunnu Street.
Honolulu, II. I.
Pings of all descriptions made and
repaired. ly b
Wolfe &, Edwards
Grocery and Feed Store,
Corner King and Nuuanu streets.
Fresh Groceries and Provisions received
by every Steamer.
P. 0. Box 130, Telephone 349.
Notice of RemoYal.
Hi MAN BROSi
Ifl. 58 Queeji Street,
Next door to W. G. Irwin & Co.
Thanking the Public for their liberal
patronage dm ing the past seventeen
years, they will do their best to retain
the same at their new store.
The undersigned begs to inform the
Ladies aud Gentlemen of Honolulu and
the other Inlands, that he has once more
of the well'known
which are ready for inspection; such
Crochet and Embroidery Work, Fancy
Baskets, Willow Chairs
among them, tho
ColotraM Love Cliair,
and many other things. Also, a little
but worthy assortment, of
Gold and Silver Jewelry,
People who have been waiting for mos
of these goods, please call early, as to
secure their first chance.
P. A. DIAS,
King Street, near Castle & Cooke's
Honolulu. 081 2w
ALVIN H. RASEMANN
Wifehes to notify the public that he
Has Opened a Book Bindery
In the GAZETTE BUILDING, and is
now prepared to do all kinds of
Paper- Ru ing-
Magazines, Pamphlets, Catalogues,
Eeports Etc., Etc., Etc.,
Bound lo order in Sheep, Calfskin, Mo.
rocco, Leather or Boards.
BSfBy strict attention to business
and moderate charge, I trust to merit a
fair share of the public patronoge,C07,'lm
.AT Jr. &Co.
Denlers In all kinds of
Tho Latcest Foreign Papers always on
hand at tho Gazelle lilock, Merchant
Street. ly h
MewhnntH & Storekeepers
WILL TAKE NOTICE that t'heun
dersignud is prepared to arrange
Books and Collect Quarterly Accounts
with carefulness antV promptness,
J. E. WISEMAN,
General Business Agent.
Campboira New Block, Merchant Street.
A CHOICE LOT OK
A.B. OL GIIORN&CO.
78 King St.
078 King St,
.(Opposite Whitman & Wriglil.)
.lust Received Superb Covoiing'nnd
Parlor Sets, etc.. etc,
Cheaper Than Evor ! ! !
gfCnll and see our Goods and your will
buy direct from tho Makers, aswc are
hi Business in Honolulu and defy Con
tradiction on this point.
Iloiiaii,iii:, Itocovoriii"' sul
"IIOMTOX' and " CUAI-IiKXGK '
IVot 1olc iSvuvpsmsett
Crowley & Co.
fiOl 0m 78 King Street.
A largo and e.vliemply vailed
For Sale Very Low,
Call avul IDxrttsrsIiio.
M. A. GoNBAT.vns it Co.,
f9 Hotel Street.
Pern Stmr. Arabic
An Elegant Assortment of
Silks & Satins!
All Kinds of Colore & Sluules
For the Present Season
Garments of any design, either for Lady
or Gentleman, made in the highest style
o Art, and at the Lowest price.
King Lun Chong & Co.,
No. 78 Nuuanu Street.
The California Produce
anil lrovsion Co.
respectfully notify tho Public that they
have established themselves ut
73 Hotel Street Honolulu,
in part of tho premises occupied hy
Sresovicli Gray & Co.
Whero'can be found a complete
3?roliice and Gri'oceiie,
which will bo sold nt lowest market
Teloplione, No. 274. P. 0. Box, 120.
Address all orders and communications
070 8m Z. K. MYEKS Manager.
13nNtevn'liiie Suprar Kc;h,
In Shooks or Sot up, also
Eastern Pine Barrels for
Hoops IroV y JiJ, tin., 2 x MO, 2 x K,
For Sale Iy
080 8m b J. II. BRUNS, Senior.
A Good Pasture for Horses,
.. NJSAH TOWN.
A, A. MONTANO.
D. M, CKOWM5Y.
CROWLEY & CO
' ENGLItf G & SMITH,
Tin & Stat-Liii Workers ,
Roofers and Gasi Fitters.
All kinds of Tin-wnvo ready made
or mado to order,
No. 54 : : King Street,
0m Opposito Pojice Station. 035