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rpilK INDERKIUNED have founcil
X u eopaitncr-diip undei the H'lii
name of- SPKECKELS St Co." for the
puiposo of carrying on it general bank
nig and exchange buslines tit. Honolulu,
nutl such other places in tho' llnwnlian
Kingdom as may be deemed advisable
(Signed) CLAUS SPRECKELK.
Win. 0. 1UWIN.
V. P. LOW.
Honolulu, .Jan. lllli, 1884.
Referring to the above we.beg to in.
form the business public thai "we arc
prepaictl to make loans, discount approv.
ed notes, anil purchase exchange at the
best euricnt rate. Our nriangemenls
for veiling evehnnge on the piincipal
points in the United Stales, Km ope,
China, Japan and Australia aie being
made, and when perfected, due notice
will be given. Wc shall also be prepared
to receive deposits on open account,
make collections, and conduct a general
banking and exchange business."
1110 iinib (signed) Sl'RECKELS & Co.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.
Draw Exchange on Ihe
Uniili ol C'ivliloi-nia. S. l'
Ami their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild fcSon, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sjriney,
The Dank ol New Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, and Wellington.
The Hank "of British Columbia, Vic
toria, 11. C. and Poitlaud, dr.
Transact a General Hanking Business.
GOO ly b
can be had from
J.M O.U, .Jr, St Co Mei chant st,
T. G. Thrum Mei chant st.
Pledged to neither Sect nor Patty,
But e3txbli3hed for the benefit of all,
TUESDAY, JUNE 0. 1884.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINGS.
Bund, Emma Square, 7 :30.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., 7:00.
Hawaiian class Y. M. C. A. 7:30.
Bible Class at Lyceum at 7:30.
Meeting Slock Exchange, at 11.
THE REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT OF
THE DOARD OF EDUCATION.
The Board and the people arc to
be congratulated upon the general
efficiency of the English schools,
and also upon the marked ability
and worthy spirit of the teachers.
It is gratifying to learn also that the
late efforts to promote industrial
cducatian have succeeded so ad
mirably. The Inspector General's recom
mendation that all Government
English schools be made free is cer
tainly wise under existing circum
stance. But two things must be
borne in mind when such action is
taken. A considerable source of
school revenue will thus be given up ;
and an increase in the attendance at
English schools will surely follow.
Both of these facts look to increased
expenditure's for English schools.
It is interesting to see that the Board
of Education distinctly disavows the
responsibility of the diminished esti
mates for this purpose for the com
ing two years. It is to he hoped
that the Legislature will do nothing
to further cripple the schools.
The people are not to be congrat
ulated upon an unexpended balance
of some thirty thousand dollars of
the appropriation for English schools,
while nearly or quite one-fourth of
these schools are suffering for want
of suitable houses ; while children
are growing up in ignorance, or
worse than ignorance, for want of
these houses, and while many of
llie.se schools are still destitute of
school apparatus. Yet the report
says that such is tho condition of the
English schools. But it says noth
ing of the number of schools which
are now full, and which could lie en
larged were suitable accommodations
furnished. It says nothing of the
number of children growing up il
literate because there is not room for
them in existing buildings. It is
silent about the localities where
children of foreign parents are prac
tical!' denied till schooling, and
children of Hawaiian parents are de
nied the best school privileges, by
the absence of English schools. Pre
vention is better than cure. Schools
ate a better investment than prisons.
It is better to pay good teachers to
prevent crime than to pay policemen
and judges to punish it. The Legis
lature passed a liberal appropriation,
and the public would gladly sec their
money well and judiciously ex
pended. The fact that the balance
is reported under Ihe appropriation
for English schools, and not under
that for building and repairs of
school houses, does not in any way
justify the present slate of affairs.
A great deal of jugglery can be
practiced with the balance of school
money. Who docs not know that
the appropriation amounts to less
than half of the expenditure for
schools? School tax (an item of
about one hundred thousand dollars
for Ihe past two years, according to
the report) can be used, and is used
for all necessary expenses of Gov
ernment schools. It pan be trans
ferred, and it is transferred from
one district to another. It is an
easy matter, then, lo expend the
tax in such a way as to relieve and
exhaust certain appropriations at
will, and thus place the balances as
To our schools wc must look
more than to any one thing, for the
elevation and perpetuation of the
Hawaiians, and more especially to
industrial schools, from which shall
graduate men ready and willing to
take hold and work, with knowledge
how to work.
A SABBATH EPISODE.
Last Sunday morning at about 10
o'clock a party notables, soldiers
and others were seen wending their
way towards His Majesties boat
house. The most prominent mem
bers of the company were David
Kalakaua. King, Mr. If. "W. Irwin.
Hawaiian Consul at Japan, .J. Kaae,
member of the House of Nobles, J.
L. Kaulukou. member from Hono
lulu, Jno. Baker, member from Ho
nolulu, James Keau, member from
Honolulu, A. Kaulia, member from
Koolaupoko, J. Kamakclc, member
from Makawao. Joe Gardner, mem
ber from liana, Sam Xowlcin, Ser-geant-at-Arins
of the Legislature.
In compaii' with a number of sol
diers, armed with guitars, hula girls
and such like the band of pilgrims
embarked in the Kapiolani and they
sailed and they sailed to the island ly
ing opposite Ivalihi Valley. . Eatables
and drinkables, more especially the lat
ter, were here provided in quantities
sufllcicntly ample to produce upon
at least a portion of those present
the condition of mind known as
"full ; " the honorable member from
Koolaupoko, if report is truthful,
being unable to state with certainly
whclhei lie was on foot or horseback,
and the member from 1 ana was in
that happy condition that he did not
care whether school kept or not.
Kamakclc, the man who is always
armed wilh u petition, brought in a
petition with 1 13 signatures, that he
be excused from further work that
day. The petition was unanimously
granted, and being weary he imme
diately sat down on his back and
As at a certain classic merry mak
ing of ye olden time, the fun waxed
fast and furious, and the glad voices
of the happy Sabbath revelers to the
accompaniment of the tula hit were
wafted over the waters to the main
land, where the dwellers who are
told that the Sabbath is tabu and
sacred, wagged their heads and said,
verily the ways of the law and the
makers thereof arc past finding out.
The party adjourned at about v.
m. Such is Sabbath keeping in high
life in Hawaii.
Con-c-poudciice Is ol idled on the lop.
ie .M' the day, or what may become so.
Wc lescrve the right to excise purely
We do not hold ourselves responsible
for tho opinions cprewd by our cor.
CAS AND TRAMWAYS.
Ennoit Bi-m,i;ti.": Among the
numerous bills submitted to tho at
tention of our wise Legislators, I
have specially noticed one concern
ing the creation of gas works for
illuminating the town of Honolulu.
This is certainly a "luminous" ques
tion, and yet I would like you to
satisfy me by throwing a little more
light on it, and kindly answering the
following enquiries :
Don't you consider it a sinyulur
thing, that at a time when nearly all
the municipal corporations in Europe
are trying to throw off the yoke and
rid themselves of the tyranny of gas
companies, and when they arc anx
iously awaiting for the opportunity
of replacing gas by electricity, or
some other new invention, don't you
consider it, I say, a singular step,
not lo call it by any other epithets,
and a questionable time of introduc
ing gas here? The present system
of lighting up Ihe streets, although
very far from perfect, has given
hitherto sufllcicnt satisfaction and
has worked economically enough for
it to be warrantable to let it continue
a little while longer, until electricity
or something else "could be intro
duced. At any vote, if there are
people willing lo try the problematic
experiment of making ciiuai' gas
here, out of mon l'lticr.n coals, I
am far from making any objection.
But don't you think that what ought
really to be objected lo, arc the fol
First Of allowing a gas corpora
tion to be privilcdged here at the
expense of the public. Second Of
forcing as it were the public to use
the gaseous productions of this com
pany. Third "What is worse still,
of granting their franchise iu such
a way that at the expiration of the
delay, the Government will have lo
buy the works at an arbitrary valua
tion. If any franchise is granted for
such a length of time, ought it not
to be stipulated here, as it is always
done in Europe in similar cases, that
at tho expiration of the privilcdgc.
all the works will revert to the Gov
ernment as public property? In this
case the public would not be obliged
to buy up, at a fictitious valuation,
an industry which in 30 years hence,
with the actual probable progress of
science, will most likely be worse
than valueless, and at least no ob
stacles would then be in our way for
adopting any better or "more illumi
Another bill 1 have noticed, is
that relating to tramways about
which I have no questions to submit
to you, as it seems a good and desira
ble thing, though not without certain
inconveniences, a scheme really in
tended for meeting a public want
and for greatly adding to the comforts
of the Honolulu inhabitant. Only
one point appears to me to fall under
some of the proceeding observations
and that is about the termination of
the franchise. At the end of the
fixed time and if it be too short, let
it be lengthened the tramways, and
all their plants ought to remain pro
perty of the Government, agreeable
to the general usages of civilized
nations in similar cases, as a com
pensation to the public for having
alienated for so many years public
rights in favor of the few privileged
starters of the enterprise, who will
have had so much time for enjoying
the benefits of it.
Candid HawaiianLegislalors, when
you arc asked lo grant privileges to
a few against the public, remember
that it is your duty as public men
and politicians, to sec that the public
and the Government, whose interests
are here inseparable, will some day
be benefitted by the privilege itself,
in proportion to the gains which the
promoters expect to realize for them
selves. A. Mahqi'j.
THE WAY THE PEOPLE SEE IT.
Emtoii Btu.rrnx: In the cur
rency matter Mr. Dole's bill makes
provision for tho laborer, the man
who earns all our wealth, deny it
who can. That the earth is the
fountain of all riches let no one who
is far removed from manual agricul
tural toil attempt to rebut. That
the cultivator of the soil has a
primary right to be well remunerated
for his labor no unbiased man will
deny. That to agree to pay a la
borer $20 per month and at the end
of the time to slip into his hand and
compel him to take a coin that will
buy but four-iiflhs of its face is an
infringement on the contract any
sensible person will admit. Talk is
cheap and there arc those who will
argue till morning on the beauties of
the "national bunk system" but the
value of its paper will always be
measured by the value of the depo
sited bonds as offered iu open
Any bonds issued for less than
what is received for them should be
recalled or the holder notified that
the payment of them would bo re
pudiated. There never was better
grounds for repudiation than where
tho issue was unauthorized and
value not received. It is the peo
ple's promises to pay which is under
discussion and the people have tho
right to have some say about tho
matter. A Minister may overlook
the peoplo, his optics being occluded
by the nearness of some money
magnate, but lie could not have
devised a belter plan for undermin
ing the vlatus of a Government, which
is for the people and by the people
and not for the aggrandizement of
any family or set of capitalists.
That the people should be hum
bugged out of I heir rights of land, or
water, or of acquiring properly or of
deciding what shall be the coinage
of the country, by the action of a
Cabinet Minister is lo be condemned.
The people will have their rights
iu the long run even if a few para
sites should get fat in the interim.
HONOLULU FIRE DEPARTMENT
Held its meeting last evening for
the purpose of electing engineers for
the ensuing year. As predicted by
the Bru.r.Tix there was no change
made in the present officers. The
proceedings were carried out in an
orderly manner, the Reformatory
School Band was stationed outside
the building and enlivened the pro
ceedings with choice selections. The
polK were opened at 7 and closed
at!) o'clock, resulting as follows:
Chief Engineer John Noll. 2 1 ; First
Assistant Chas B Wilson, I fill ; Second
Assistant M 1) Monsarrat, l.r)3.
Tin: regular monthly meeting of
the Trustees and Directors of the
Library Association will be held on
Thursday evening at 7:30 p.m. The
principal business will be the sub
mitting and approving of the accounts
of the late fair.
TRUSTWORTHINESS OF EARLY TRADI
TION. Tradition in our time is a very loose
and trivial thing. Everything which
it is important to have accurately
kept in mind is carefully committed
lo writing. All that is left to tradi
tion is the small gossip of the neigh
borhood, and incidents not worth
formally recording. Thus tradition
has become a mere plaything. No
wonder that those who judge only by
its operation in times of written
records do not think much of it as
a means of enabling us really lo
penetrate into the past.
I believe it can be shown that ancient
tradition, instead of being about the
same thing as modern, had hardly
anything iu common with it : that it
was a sacred thing, usually most
carefully guarded and transmitted;
and, therefore, that it is not lo lie
thrown aside as worthless unless
supported by contemporary records,
but rather to be regarded as itself a
species of record, and classed among
the recognized materials of history.
There is one great fact underlying
the whole subject, which seems to have
been almost entirely lost sight of;
that tradition, before the times of
writing, had a totally different pait
to play from anything required of it
now. Now, as has been said, it is an
accident, the mere fragmentaiy sur
vival of things which have not been
forgotten. Then it was an instrument,
a careful instrument for keeping in
mind those things which needed lo be
remembered. Somethings have to be
remembered among savages just as
civilized peoples, and remembered
accurately. Among these necessary
things aie the forms of their religion,
their laws, the boundaries and pos
sessions of tribes and families, the
names and deeds of their great men.
Ancient tradition was not merely
the history ; it was the only law, the
only record of possession," the only
title-deed of property. It may seoiii
to us a rude instrument ; but nothing
is more remarkable than the way iu
which, when man has only a rude in
strument, he often acquires such skill
in its use that it conies to supply his
need almost as well as (he far 'finer
appliances of civilization. Jicv.
lirool-e Jlerford hi the Atlantic.
A GIRL, about 12 or 1 1 years of age,
to mind a Biby. Adply at the
liui.i.i'TJX Olllce. 728 lw
ONE or two intelligent BOYS (white
prcfeuvd), fov ihe priming busi.
nesH. Apply Daily Buu.ktin Olllce.
OX MONDAY, a pair of Octagon.
Shaped Spectacles. The Under
will please leave same at the Bui.i.ktin
Olllce, and gel a UK WAR I). 729 lit
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that
wo the undersigned have up.
pointed Keau (k) of Ksikiiuko, asu Luna
over tho Fisheries of Knakaukukui aid
Kohololoa, leased by ub fioin . Pauahi
Bishop and Dowsetl and Sumner. Any
person or pen-ons who aro round fishing
or tieipassing will l.e pioseeulcd aecoid.
ing to law.
Signed, LI JUNO & Co.
Honolulu, June !Jrd, 1881, 730 2
75 Bbls. Lime,
67,000 It V Shingles,
ISO kales Best Hay,
100 cs. Medium Bread,
200 bbls Corn Flour
I'Oll SALE BY
IB. SGncfifcltf & Co.
In Itn ii'1m.
Bf & Co.
Have JuM received per
Blc Spica from Bremon,
and oiler for calc
Westphalia Mcitwurst h Suolzc,
German Vegetable in lins.
Pilsonor Boor in Quarts & Pints,
Lagor Beer in Quarts & Pints.
One lino Square Piano ol superior make,
One Cottago Piano.
A few OrchostrioncUes. a new Musical
IM. Bloirpulilaifft'ci1 & t,'o.
MOST deniable business propeity
Water IFront, iioeti Wtvoot.
It N a substantial FIRE PHOOP
STOJIK, built of Ho-tonllard Finished
Bricks, and no belter built ttore in the
town. It was rented pieviou-, and up
lo the time of piuehrse, by 11. llackl'cld
ALSO A liltlL'K
ITii' Prool" "VIisiiIunKo
On Merchant Stieet, let for :j;fi0 per
month to a Whole-ale House.
also tiii: i.akoi:
Suildiiij;' uisri 1Lot
On Xniianu Avenue, now iued as a
"Warehouse. It was formerly used as a
Gymnasium (before it iizzlcil out) and
the up-tairs for a Billiard Kail attiiehed
to it. The building has been im.
proved within the last ihicc years.
Delivery lo be made the lat of
December of the present year.
Terms half cah on delivery, if preferred
.Toiix Thomas Watkimiousi:, Snx.
SEfpNonc but principals treated wilh.
The undersigned is willing to take
propeity in the United Slates of America
John Thomas "Watkiuiousi:, Si:x.
J8& A COTTAGE, suitable for a
i!$K!$ff$ "mall family, in a healthy
Bggsia locality, within ten minutes
quiet walk of the Posl-Ofllee. Imme
diate posse-sion given. Apqly lo
S. "W". 1LVWLINS,
TOO tl Soap "Works, Leleo Sheet.
tti&A. ' jn.J!w iiitiujv brums,
jfi!-jSKBl with Counter, Shelves, and
WgMSZk all Fixings complete. To a
good and satisfactory icnnnt will be
leased on very reasonable terms.
Apply to ,S. W. KAAVLIXS,
780 If Soap Works, Lcleo Street.
FOUH FIXE BUILDING
LOTS at Puiiahou, Honolulu,
lying between the remises ol
Dillini'ham and Mesis. Gra.
ham and Foster. Two of lhc-e lots have
each a frontage of 100 fed on Ueretania
Stieet and a depth of 1,00 feet, and tw
have each a frontage of 10J. 7 feet on
Bingham Street and a depth of 27C feet.
These four lots adjoin each other and
will be sold either separately or as a
Apply to .1. M. MOXSAltllAT,
(iS7 If Xo. '27 Merchant St rest.
,y.8vfv A VERY PLEASANT cottage
dt" NVwjB w"u il lul'n yard and agreea
Kxc&ia bio surroundings, on themakai
side of Uerntanin Street just Ik yon Pii
A GOOD HOUSE and ynid.ou Queen
Stieet near the Government Building,
recently occupied by Captain llemptcd.
Apply to W. II. CASTLE, Agent.
-!& TO LBT at tho ELEGANTLY
is!k I'nuf ished l o d g i x g
ai3 HOUSE known as the
11 Xnuuiiii Avenue, above Beretania
Street, also, some COTTAGE ROOMS.
Apply on the piemises to
7051m Mr. J. T. WHITE, Pmpijetoress
Collage to Lei and Furni
lure for Sale.
ENT VEKY .MODERATE, and tho
It furnituie will bo .sold at a BAR.
GIN. Foi particulars enqiiiio at the
Windsor Restaurant. 7211 tf,&
rPO LET, at the now Building Xo- 538
X Alakea Stivel, nearly opposite tho
.Mr. H. if.
Y. M. O- A. Huilding.
i .a. "$r.
jjMuii(iMiniiiirriii -fTTi - --"-- '-"--ri '
-to nr. iim.n at
1 Nl)l 1! Till". 1 s'l i:, or -1 HI-
Hawaiian Jockey CI.
President, Jami:s Camimii:m
Vice-President, F. S. Pit.vrr,
Secretary, C. O. Bnnor.it,
Tieasuier, Cum. Ilnow.v.
Executive Committee, II. A. 'iVidijuanx,
C. IL.Tudd, Dr. J. S. McGiti.w.
.Judges: Ho.w II. A. "Widumann, .). ).
SiMiKCK'iu.B, Esq., F. S. Pit.vrr, Esc..
Time Keepers: Cm i. Brown. Eso., fj.
Starter: Captain A. B. ILvi.kv.
Clerk of Course: Ciias. B. Wilson.
Saddling Paddock: .Lvmks Dodd.
Races Commence at 10 o'clock a m, sharp
Jli IS 11,1884,
1st Kaiulani Plate. $75.
RUNNING RACE; mile dash ; open
to all horses bred in the Kingdom
that have never run at Kapiolani
2nd. Kohala Club Cup.
A SWEEP STAKE of o0 added.
One Mile and a quarter Dash; free
for all; weight forane. Sjaled noini.
nations enclosing a fee of $10, to be
made to the Secretary ol ih( iu.
wniian .Jockey Club, on or before
'2 p.m., on 4th day of June. Final
acceptances with balance or Sweep
Stakes on or befoic 2 p m., on the
10th of June.
3rd- Queen's Purse $125.
TROTTING RACE; mile heals;
best 2 in :j to harness; free to all.
4th Princess' Plato $75,
TROTTING RACE; mile dash to
harness; fiec to nil 2 year olds bred
in the Kingdom.
5th Reciprocity Plate $150.
RUNNING RACE; mile heats; best
2 in ; tree for imported liorses
only; weight for age.
6th Queen Emma's Plate. $75.
' HALF MILE DASH ; for 2..ycnr
olds; Hawaiian bied hoisrs, c'atcli
7th. Ltmamakaainana Plate $100.
RUNNING RACE; mile dash; free
for all horses bred in the Kingdom
weight for age.
8th. Kahuku Cup and $50.
If MILE DASH; free for all -I y,.;,,
olds born in the Kingdom.
9th . Leahi Plate .-$25.
MULE RACE; mile dash; free for
all; catch weights.
10th. Coronation Plate $100.
TROTTING RACE; mile dash to
harness; fiee for all :t year nhk
bred iu the Kingdom.
11th Graziers' Plate $100.
RUNNING RACE; half mile dash ;
free for all 2 year olds; mid,
12th Amateur Plate $50.
ONE MILE DA&II; owneis to drive
free for all pacers and trotters, to
wagon, Unit have never beaten 2 tin.
13th.-Haw,n Jockey Club Plate-$125.
RUNNING RACE; mile dash; fiee
lor all a yrai olds bred in ihe Kina
dom. 14th King's Plats. $150.
RUNNING RACE; 2 mile dash;
open for all; weight forage.
15th Casino Cup and $25.
PONY RACE, mile dash; open to
all ponies hied in the Kingdom,
not over M hands hi eh; catch
16th. Kamehameha Plate $200.
RUNNING ItACE; mile heals;
best 2 in !3; free for all; weight for
17th Express Plate. $50-
TROTTIXG RACE: mile di.shj .
for all express horse-.
FOOT RACE, 200 YARDS.-$30
1st, Man 20.
2nd, Man 10.
All Runniim- Races to bo under the
rules of the Hawaiian Jockey Club.
Rules now ready at the Secretary's Olllce.
Price 25 cts.
All Trotting Races lo bo accoiding to
(lie rules of the Nation-il Trotting
Entries clo-e at 2 i m., on Saturday
Juno 7th, at the olllce of C. (). Bergor,
Secretary, with ihe exception of Race
In ail Race second horse saves slakes.
Refreshment Booths at tho Purl;,
ready to let, 20 ft. sections 10 each.
Entrance lo Park: For each Horse
fiO cts. Giand Stand $1. Cariiugcs
inside Track Circle 1.
Entranco fee, 10 per cent.
.P. fi'l. Wimi'iiihji ih appointed and
einnowered by the E.vecullvo Committee,
and under the supervision of HieSecrc
tary, to mnku all Paik and Racing ar
niiigenieuts, subject to their approval.
C. O. JSEKGJSJt,