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'pitH UNDERSIGNED lmvc foinin!
X n copartnership under the linn
name or " SPREl'KELS iSs Co." for the
iuipoc of currying on n general bunk
ing nnd exchange business nt Honolulu,
and uieh other places in llie Hawaiian
Klmnlom us inny 1e deemed advisable'
(Signed) CLAUS Sl'REOKELS.
Win. O. 111WIN.
F. F. LOW.
Honolulu, Jan. Mill, 1881.
lleferring to llm nbove wujbug to in
iorm llie business public lluil wo ve
prep.ucd to make loans, discount upprov.
ed notes, and purchase exelntngo nt the
best current rate. Our Arrangements
for selling exchange on the principal
points in the United States, Europe,
China, Japan and Australia arc belug
made, and when perfected, due notice
will bo given. We shall also be prepared
to receive deposits on open account,
make collections, ami conuurt a general
banking and excliuncc business.
ClOSJinb (signed) SlMtECKELS & Co.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Dr.vw Exchange on the
Runic ol' CnliJ'ornin. ,S. 1?.
And their ageuts in
NEW YORK. BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M.Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commcreial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Bank of Ncn Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, and Wellington.
The Bank Jof British Columbia, Vic
toria, B. C. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Businc.
009 ly b
TI1K DAYIV lHTIJMRTIX
e.au lie had lioiu
J . M. O.U, .1 r, it Ct Merchant, st.
T. G.- Thrum Merchant st
Pledgod.to neither Sect nor Party.
Bat established for the benefit of all.
SATURDAY, JUNE 7, 1S84.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINCS.
Lyons & Levey will sell at 7, at
Goo Kim's, Nuunnu st, dry goods,
Drawing Class. Y. M. C. A. 7:30
Gospel Temperance Meetinu at
Bethel, at 7: JJO.
Casino at the Parle, open all day.
Bethel Sunday School, at '.) :45.
Fort St. Church S. S. at 0 :4f'.
St. Andrew' Cathedral S. S. 10.
Bethel, Service, at 11.
St. Andrews' Cathedral, service,
morning and evcniim.
Fort St. Church
Prayer greeting Y. M. C. A.,
3 :30 p.m.
Bible Class at Fort St. Church
Vestry, at 6:1$
TO-NICHT AT THE LYCEUM.
This is a meeting of citizens, irres
pective of creed, nationality, trade
or profession. It is intended to
express the sentiment of the inde
pendent portion of this community
upon the subject of monopoly in
general and the Bank Charter and
its methods in particular.
Let there be no hanging buck or
uncertainty. This is the time to
speak and now is the time to act.
ARE CHARTERED MONOPOLIES JUSTI
FIABLE. As a rule, No. In exceptional
cases, yes. If a proposed enterprise
is sure of success, or its chances are
good, an exclusive franchise should
not bo granted. If however, a pro
posed cntei prise is one which will be
a public benefit, but there is so much
risk and uncertainty about its being
a paying investment that capital will
not be forth coming unless there are
extra inducements offered, then it is
proper to grant an exclusive fran
chise for a period of years, in order
to encourage capital to take a risk
which it would otherwise decline to
An exclusive franchise is proper
then, when by granting it, the public
will receive a benefit which they
would otherwise not receive.
SHOULD THE CAS FRANCHISE BE
As a whole, wo think that the
franchise asked for is a proper one,
and that it should he grnntcd by the
The principal privilege asked, so
far is it affects tho general public, is
that of opening tho streets for the
purpose of laying mains and connect
ing pipes. This will of courso occa
sion temporary inconvenience to
many, but the ndvnntagc which will
accrue to tlio public will more than
The objection raised that gas
should not uow be encouraged, but
that electricity should be the future
public light, is wo think, founded on
no good basis.
The company do not ask any sub
sidy, nor that the Government bind
itself to use their gas for street
There is' nothing to prevent an
electric company setting up its ma
chines nt any time nnd supplying the
electric light to whosoever desires it.
If such bo. the case, and the electric
light is preferred to gas, so much the
worse for the gas company. But
meanwhile gas is better than kero
sene, and if the public can have the
opportunity of choosing between
kerosene and gas, at no greater cost
than :t temporary disturbance of the
streets, we can see no valid objec
tion to a project which will give them
such n choice.
'rm.ii:cnoxs to Tim urn..
There are however objections to
the bill in ils present form, which
should be amended before it ts
1st. There should be a provision
making it obligatory upon the com
pany to furnish gas to every one
who wishes it and offers to pay for
it. Otherwise the company might
arbitrarily refuse gas to one whom it
disliked. This would place the com
pany upon the same basis as common
carriers, who arc obliged to take nil
freight, if pay is offered therefore.
2nd. Section o requires that the
Minister of the Interior shall keep
street lamps and posts in repair.
The argumeut in favor of this is,
that the company should not be
made responsible for accidents which
may happen through collision or
otherwise. ' It would seem however
that as the company is receiving a
valuable franchise, some return
should be made to the public there
fore, and that this section should be
3rd. Snc. 9 gives the company the
right to charge for making connec
tion with their mains, and for supply
pipes, at a price to be fixed by them.
This would give opportunity for
charging a higher price than others
would do the work for. Thci ex
planation made by the company is
that they will simply connect with
tho main, and carry the gas to the
limit of the street, and that from
there on the consumer may employ
either the compaivy's men or not at
his option. This does not remove
the objection. The company should
be limited to charging the market
price for any work done.
4th. Skc. 15 provide that the
Government may acquire possession
of the property of the company upon
payment, etc., and provides for
reference to three commissioners to
decide the price. The .last clause
reads, "and the agreement or deci
sion of any two of such commis
sioners shall be conolusive and
binding upon both parties." This
might be construed to mean that
after submission to the commis
sioners, the option of the Govern
ment ceased, and that it would then
be compelled to buy the property nt
the price fixed. There should be no
room for doubt that the purchase is
entirely optional with the Govern
ment at any stage of the proceed
ings. Concerning the request of the
company for an exclusive right for
twenty five years, we think there is
n room for a question. As the situ
ation now is, we are without gas,
and are likely to remain so unless
this company supplies it. It is
doubted by many whether a gas
works can pay expenses here, much
less pay a profit. It will require a
large capital to establish the business,
and the stock holders will run no
small risk in investing their capital,
nnd it is much more likely that
capital will be subscribed with a
guarantee that the subscribers will
reap the benefit if the concern proves
a success, than if a second company
is allowed to profit by the experi
ments of flic first.
We understand that amendments
have been made to the bill, by tho
committee to whom it was referred,
covering several of the above ob
jections, and making terms more
favorable to the Government.
Handkerchief flirtations at the
bench are sea waves that arc not sad.
THE BOARD OF HEALTH REPORT.
Kvcry one who has watched the
public career of Mr. Gibson for tho
last ten or twelve years is aware
that the character in which he has
been most anxious to figure is that
of tho Apostle of sanitary reform.
As a speaker and as a writer, in our
Legislative hulls ami in the editorial
chair, the resources of' his somewhat
picturesque and copious vocabulary
have been exhausted in portraying
and denouncing the shortcomings of
those who have had this branch of
the public administration in charge.
Their stupidity, their inolllciency,
their inhumanity, the absolute lack
of any intelligent plan or system in
their work, as well as the harrowing
sufferings of the unfortunate people
under their charge, have furnished a
never-failing subject for invective
and appeal. The abuses of our san
itary administration have furnished
the occasion and the inspiration for
a ceoslcss stream of eloquence, in
which red-hot indignation and heart
rending pathos have been ever
mingled in varying proportions. A
large share of Mr. Gibson's menial
force seems to have been expended
for years past in telling the world
how badly our health affairs were
managed, and how lovely everything
would be, if only lie, the great
Apostle aforesaid, were allowed an
opportunity to show just how the
tiling ought to be done.
This eminent champion of the na
tional life and health, .this eloquent
protector of the Hawaiian people has
now occupied the position of medi
cal dictator of this Kingdom, for
nearly two years, and we naturally
look with considerable interest for
the record of his proceedings during
that period. Suilicicnt time has
now elapsed for maturing and
carrying into effect of some of
those plans for ameliorating the con
dition of the people, with which, hi
times past, his brain appeared to
teem and his heart to be oppressed.
The time has now come for him to
give an account of his stewardship,
that we may see for ourselves how
well the performance tallies with
that amplitude of promise with which
we have all been so familiar. Our
curiosity has been especially whetted
by the extraordinary and unprece
dented delay in the appearance of
the Board of Health Report. This
document was only presented to the
Legislature, in its printed form, on
Saturday last five weeks after that
bod' was convened and nine weeks
after the close of the official year.
Considering the claims which Mr.
Gibson has always put forth as a re
former of abuses in this department,
and this long delay in the appear
ance of his report, we naturally con
cluded that a document was being
prepared to which he could point
with some measure of pride, as a
record of improvements made and
work accomplished ; something on
which lie expected to very largely
rest his claims to fame and to which
he would be glad to give the largest
possible circulation. Instead of this
we find, as we stated on Thursday,
that the report in question can hardly
be obtained for love or money.
Newspaper editors apply at head
quarters in vain, and even prominent
Government officials obtain copies
with great difficulty and only as a
personal favor. The whole attitude
of the Health Department is that of
men who have done' something of
'which they arc heartily ashamed,
whose operations will not bear the
light and who arc anxious by every
means in their power to keep from
the public the record of their doings.
Considering the notoriety which Mr.
Gibson has always sought in con
nection with" sanitary matters, and
considering also the general disposi
tion to pose nnd attitudinize before
the public, which seems to be inborn
and incurable, this course has aston
ished us not a little. Having, how
ever, succeeded in borrowing a copy
of the report and accompanying doc
uments, and having studied them
carefully,, our surprise has ceased.
We understand it nil perfectly well
now. We no longer wonder at the
eagerness of Mr. Gibson and his
secretary to suppress these reports,
and to prevent their getting into tho
hands of the people. Tho-picjiuro of
Mr. Gibson's administration us
President of tho Board of Health, as
written by himself and his various
subordinates, is damaging nnd dis
graceful in the highest degree. Jn-
cfliciencyj inhumanity and indecency
stand out upon tho pages of this
most extraordinary pamphlet in a
way which the most careless reader
cannot fail to notice. Mr. Gibson's
own report is well written in a lit c
rnry point of wiew, nnd roads plausi
bly and smoothly enough to any one
who docs not care to look below the
surface. Those who do care so to
look will probably discover that his
report is especially remarkable for
what, it docs not contain, that many
things which the public would natu
rally like to know, and have it right
to know, arc entirely omitted.
Smooth as arc its phrases, and well
chosen as arc its words, it is essen
tially weak and cowardly. "We look
in vain for any evidence of a mental
capacity capable of grasping tub sit
uation, of a moral courage capable
of facing it, or of an executive
ability adequate to mcctthe practical
questions of administration which
constantly press for settlement.
Any one who studies Mr. Gibson's
report in the light of the accompany
ing documents, and ol" information
obtainable from other sources, will
sec .that it is the production of a
weak and conceited man, who, hav
ing obtained an oflice which he is in
capable of filling, and assumed re
sponsibilities which he has neither
the virtue or the nerve to properly
discharge, is trying to cover up his
failure by mere plausible palaver.
The President of the Board is expert
in the use of words, and somewhat
adroit in the arrangement of figures,
but all his adroitness cannot conceal
the lack of any uniform or consistent
policy or of any unifying and con
trolling mind. Some of the reports
of the physicians in the employ of
the Board arc well written and cred
itable in every way, but there are
certain other reports which are of
such a nature that we can only
wonder at their ever being allowed'
to get into print. The matters
therein stated as facts, and nowhere
else contradicted, are such as should
make eveiy member of tho TJonrd
hang his head with shame.
This subject is too large and in
volves too many important points to
be dealt with in one short article.
We have marked various points in
this report and accompanying docu-a
ments for future comment. We in
tend to return to the subject from
time to time and treat it as its im
OPEN LETTER TO. A. MARQUES.
My object in answering your com
munications, is that if left alone,
you might influence some one person ,
against the gas enterprise and it
should be known, that anyone op
posing it, if they have not a direct
personal motive in so doing, perhaps
has a friend who has. The organiza
tion of the gas company will be local,
with local directors. When per
fected any person in this city will
have the privilege of becoming one
of the stockholders and consequently
one of those monopolists you so
fearfully dread. There is not ij civi
lized city in the world, to my know
ledge, as large as this, not lighted
with gas, nnd the gentleman who
says it is not a public benefit, to
say the least, is very narrow minded.
In addition to the future benefits to
be derived by the citizens, a good
light, and cheap fuel for cooking,
the building of gas works will put
at least S 100,000 in circulation, give
employment to hundreds of men,
and furnish so much more taxable
property in the city. You say it
would be impossible for the Govern
ment to adopt any other mode of
lighting without buying out the gas
company. This is ridiculous. Tho
gas franchise, interferes with no
other mode of lighting, and as e.lcc
tricity strikes you so favorably, I
quote from the Sanitary Engineer
published in New York and London,
ofMaj'lst, 1881. "An agreement
had been made by the British Elec
tric Light Co., to furnish tho Man
chester Royal Exchange with electric
light at the same rate us they had
previously paid for gas ; but it. was
subsequently found impossible for
the company to further supply the
Exchange, at even twice the price as
the cost of gas, though the electric
company offered the use of their
plant at the same time they fur
nished figures, that showed the cost
of producing the electric light was
some six times greater than the cost
You further wish to avoid cutting
up of the streets, etc. The same
authority, under date of April 17lh,
1881, says 'The Daly bill requiring
all electric wires in New York City
and Brooklyn to be put underground
before November lSSfi, has been
passed by the New York Senate."
That requires, tho digging up of
the streets, and many reasons can
bo given for the action of the N. Y.
Senate. I' have practical informa
tion that will be given, at the proper
place and time, on the subject, and
am only sorry that the practical
schemers against tho gas proposition
do not take the same channel instead
of rushing into print.
W. G. Klmokk.
Enrrou Hw.t.rriN : Yesterday's
Advertiser refers to the British Colo
nial practice of depositing public
funds in note issuing banks ; admit
ted. Will the writer name a govern
ment which selects a trading com
pany in preference to a legitimate
bank. Will he name a Colonial Gov
ernment which shows a pracliality
for one bank; 1 only remember one
in a Colonial experience of 20 years
and that ended in disaster.
The Queensland National Bank
started about 18G0 with English
capital, promising brilliant things for
Eastern Australia, with a Govern
ment guarantee on ils circulating
notes in exchange for the purchase
of government bonds. The result
was a sudden advance in the price
of land which having reached an
abnormal figure, the artificial bubble
burst, government bonds and bank
notes were sold at nominal figures
far below par and every one lost
but the large shareholders 'and the
wealthy knowing ones who bought
up their own notes, which the gov
ernment were bound to redeem at
their face value in gold. But there
the government had a reserve of
territory amounting to over 000,000
square miles to sell, a grand asset
for a National Bank.
It was a lesson about putting all
the government eggs in one basket.
Colonial banks must send sworn
returns quarterly or monthly to the
government, and cause the same to
be posted and published so that the
public maj' know their position.
The Australian Governments never
borrow from local banks, they simply
deposit for safety and for profit,
the large sums remaining unused
chiefly from the sale of public lands
and unused loans. In this respect
governments are in the same posi
tion as a private person, and all
banks must conform to a common
Act. Hawaii can never safely adopt
the Colonial note issuing system,
even under the same restrictions.
D. M. Crowley.
XTVoirfc ! !
At the Lyceum
On Saturday, June 7 111,
At 7:C0 p.m., to discuss the great
question of the hour.
Game One! Cnme AD!
Down with Monopoly and Straw
Down with the Bank Charter
And give us U. S. Gold Com or its
equivalent in icliirn for one day's l.ib.ir.
B A ul I ) A
500 Brls. White Bros. Cement,
500 Bales Wrapping Paper,
500 Boxes Blue Mottled Soap,
100 Boxes Sardmes,
500 Empty Demijohn and 1 Gallon,
50 Tons Fenco Wire No. 7 5 6,
10 Cases Plain Galvanized Iron,
10 Cases Sheet Zinc,
20 Cases C C Irons,
30 Cases Tin Plates,
25 Cases Saddles, ,
FOB BALK BY
va at jr. MiicUfcM & c.
AS I INTEN I) leaving this Kingdom,
all persons mo hereby requested,
to present their claims against me within
HO days of dute, if they have any, at tho
olllee of M. S. Grimbuum & Co.
J. P. MENDONOA.
Honolulu, May 10th, 1884. 717 lm
TO u. "V.
.'htut& . Jlk.i
-TO Hi: 11KLI) AT-
UNnr.it Tim auspices op tin:
Hawaiian JocKey CI.
President, J.m:s Cajhuiull.
Vice-President, F. S.iPuamt,
Secretary, C. O. Br.ituicn,
TienRiuor, C'r.ni. ttiinw.v.
Executive Committee, II. A. Wmwmnn,
C. ll.Jndd, Dr. J. K. McGituw.
Judges: Hon. II. A. AVidemann, J. D.
SritKOKEiAEsQ., F.S. Pjiatt, Esq.
Time Keepers: Cecil Brown. Esq., C. O.
Starter: Captain A. B. IIai.ev.
Clerk of Course: Ciias. B. Wilson.
Saddling Paddock: .James Donn.
Baccs Commence nt lOo'eloek a m, sharp .
1st Kaiulani Plate. $75.
RUNNING BACE; mile dnih; open
to nil horses bred in the Kingdom
that luivfc never run at Kapiolani
2nd- Kohala Club Cup.
A SWEEP STAKE of fi0 added.
One Mile mid a quarter Dash; free
for all ; weight for age. Sealed nonii.
nations enclosing a fewof $10, to be
mndo hi the Secretary of the lln.
wiiiian .Jockey Club, on or bofoic
2 p.m., on 4th day of .June. Pinal
acceptances with balance of Sweep
Stakes on or bel'oie 2 p in., on the
10th of June.
3rd. Queen's Purse. $125.
TROTTING II ACE; mile heats;
bests inU tohaincbs; free to all.
4th Princess' Plate $75,
TROTTING RACE; mile dash to
harness; free to. all 2 year olds bred
in llie Kingdom.
5th. Reciprocity Plate $150.
RUNNING RACE; mile heats; best
2 in : fiee for imported 'borfes
only; weiglit for age.
6th Queen Emma's Plate $75
HALF MILE DASH ; for 2-ycar
olds; Hawaiian In cd horses; cinch
7th Lunamakaainana Plate $100.
RUNNING RACE; mile dash; free
for Till horses bred in the Kingdom;
8tli Kahuku Cup and $50.
If MILE DASH; free for all 4 year
olds born in the Kingdom. '
9th Leahi Plate $25.
MULE .RACE; mile dash; free for
all; catch weights.
10th. Coronation Plate $100.
TROTTING RACE; mile dash to
harness; free for all year olds
bred in the Kingdom.
11th. Graziers' Plate $100.
RUNNING RACK; half mile dash ;
year olds; calch
12th. Amateur Plate. $50.
ONE MILE DASH; owners to drive
free for till pacers and trotters, to
Avagon, that have never beaten 3:50.
13th.-HawJn Jockey Club Plate-$125.
RUNNIN& RACE; mile cIubIi ;Trcu
for all 51 ycai olds bred in ihe Kinj:
14th King's Plate $150.
RUNNING RACE; 2 mile dash;
open for all; weight for age.
15th. Casino Cup and.$25.
PONY RACE, mile dash; open to
all ponies bred in the Kingdom,
not over 14 hands high; catcli
16th. Kamehameha Plate.-$200.
RUNNING RACE; mile heats;
best 2 in .1; free for all; weight, for
17th Express Plate. $50-
TROTTING RACE: mile dash ; lreo
for allc.pres horses.
FOOT RACE, 200 YARDS.-$30
2nd, Man $10.
-i.xi-jrr.;iA --sUk nsrj&m asa
-S. , . r...rzvu...'--'r-'""-
KfAll Running Haees lo bo under the
rules of the Hawaiian Jockey Club.
Rules now ready at the Secretary's Ollice.
Price 25 cts.
, All Trotting Haees to bo according to
the rules of the Natioml Trotting
Entries close nt 2 p. m., on Saturday
Juno 7th, at the olllco of C. O. Bcrger,
Sccreltiry, with the exception of Rnco
In all Races second horsa saves stakes.
Refreshment Booths at tho Pari;,
.ready to let, 20 ft. sections $10 each.
Entranco to Paik: For each Horso
fiO cts. Grand Stand Si. Carringes
, inside Track Circle $1.
Entrance fco, 10 per cent.
.B.JO. Wimmmii is appointed and
empowered by the tixuculho Committee,
and under the supervision of tho Secre.
lary, to niako all Paik and Racing nr.
langcmonts, subject to their approval,
C O. ftERGEIt,