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THU UNDERSIGNED have formed
X u copartnership under tlio linn
name or " SPRECKELS & Co." for the
purpose of carrying on a general bank,
ing and cxcliango business tit Honolulu,
una such other places in the Hawaiian
Kingdom na may be deemed advisable
(Sigucd) CLAUS SPRECKELS.
Wm G. IRWIN.
P. P. LOW.
Honolulu, Jan. Mill, 1881.
Referring to the above wo bog to In.
form tho business public that we nro
prepared to make loans, discount approv.
cd notes, and purchase cxcliango nt the
best cunont rates. Our arrangements
tor selling exenauge on tnc principal
points in the United fcStates, Euiopc,
China, Japan and Australia are being
made, and when perfected, due notice
will bo given. We shall also be prepared
to leceive deposits on open account,
make collections, and conduct n general
banking and exchange business.
010 3mb (signed) bPREOKELS & Co.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
Draw Exchange on the
liiuilt ol Cftlil'oriiin, S. Jp.
And their agents in
'NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. 31. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, and Wellington.
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic.
toria, B. C. and Portland, Oi.
Transact a Gencral'BanUing Bushier.
CG!) ly b
THE 1A1LY KULLETIX
can be had from
.I.M. Oat, Jr, & Uo Meichanlst.
T. G. Thrum Merchant st.
Pledged to neither Beet nor Part) .
Bat C3tibllshed far the benefit of all.
SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 1S84.
THIS EVENINQ'S DOINGS.
Concert Music Hall, 7:30 .
, Drawing Class. Y. M. C. A. 7:30
Gospel Temperance Meeting at
Bethel, at 7:30.
Casino at the Park, open all day.
Bethel Sunday School, at 9 :45.
Fort St. Church S. S. at 9 :45.
St. Andrew's Cathedral S. S. 10.
Bethel, Service, at 11.
St. Andrews' Cathedral, service,
morning and evening.
Fort St." Church, service, morning
Prayer Meeting V. M. C. A.,
Bible Class at Fort St. Church
Vestiy. at G:15
MR. J. 0. GARTER AND MR. E. C.
The evident sincerity of the mutual
public endorsement which Mr. J. O.
Carter and Mr. E. C. Macfarlane
are giving each other is almost af
fecting; but is unnecessary. The
public will judge of each man's faith
rather by his works than his profes
sions. If the Advertiser, under its
new regime, intends to settle down
to a hearty condemnation of all that
is corrupt or irregular in officialdom,
it needs no urging to induce the pub
lic to approve such a course, and let
bye-gones be bye-gones.
THE EFFECT OF CABINET RESOLU
TIONS. Our meagre and otherwise un
satisfactory constitution is clear and
decided upon the point that no
money shall be drawn from the
Treasury except by authority of the
This piovision is the one great
safeguard which the people possess.
So long as the people hold the purse
strings, they have a guarantee against
.absolutism; but let that grasp
bo loosened, and the only defense
which we have against an abso
lute monarchy is taken aw'ay. If
men in this Kingdom
can get' together and vote away tho
hard earnings of the people, without
authority of law and against the
consent of the owners llieicof, the
Legislative power is a farce, and
bur so-called constitutional rights a
blind, behind which absolutism can
work its sweet will undisturbed. In
so much as tho great powers recog
nize this Kingdom 011 account of its
heretofore ability to govern itself in
a constitutional manner, the wilful
and continued violation of tiic con
stitution by tho Government will
result in the loss of tho independence
pf this Kingdom.
.' any fom
What Is a Cabinet Resolution?"
Tho Finance Committee Report,
the recent discussion and tho papers
have had so much to say about Cabi
net Resolutions, that it is well the
public should know what the article
consists of. It is in the nnturc of
an intermittent disease, and never
appears while an appropriation is
unexpended. But so soon as the
11101103' set apart by the Legislature
for a speciRc purpose is spent, the
members of the Cabinet Rather them
selves together and take counsel, one
with another, as to how they may
obtain more money to spend. They
resolve themselves into a self-constituted
Legislature, and arrogate to
themselves the powers expressly re
served, by the laws and the constitu
tion, to the Legislature, and being
thus in a position to act, they make
a resolution, in this wise:
"Whereas, Tho Legislature ap
propriated $10,000 for the purchase
of cannons and munitions of war,
Whereas, It is beneath the dig
nity of this nation to spend so insig
nificant a sum for that purpose, and
Whereas, The Legislature did not
know what it was about; therefore,
we, His Majesty's Ministers, hereby
resolve that 10,000 more shall be
spent for that purpose."
And forthwith the Minister of
Foreign Affairs draws 810,000 from
the Treasury and puts in his safe,
and pays $300 to the Advertiser and
$349 to the Elcle Poakolu, and
$7,000 to the coronation fund, and
pays the balance to Ilackfcld & Co.
for freight, and charges it all to ap
propriation for "purchase of can
nons and munitions of war." That
is a "Cabinet Resolution."
THE LEGALITY OF CABINET RESOLU
TIONS. By what right do the Ministers, on
their own responsibility, assume to
appropriate money from the Treas
ury. By no rifjht whatever. The
statutes forbid it. The constitution
forbids il. It is a plan concocted
by the Cabinet, in violation of every
law of the land bearing upon the
subject, to defeat the law and the
will of the people. The law regard
ing the spending of public money is
as clear as language can make il.
Article 15 of the Constitution says
no money shall be dutwn from the
Treasury withoul the consent of the
Legislature, except in case of emer
gency, "raid then not without the
concurrence of all the Cabinet, and
of a majority of the tchole J'rivy
Council." The Appropriation Act
of 1882 says, "The Minister of
Finance shall not cause or allow to
be paid from the Treasury any
money for objects not provided by
this law." Four boat boys on the
whaif would have no more right and
no more power to vote and appro
priate money than have the Min
isters. The phrase "Cabinet Resolution"
is unknown to the law ; the appro
priation of money by Cabinet Reso
lution is contrary to law ; and those
who made use of this illegal means
of drawing money from the Treas
ury are knowingly, of malice afore
thought, willful law breakers, and
subverters of the constitution.
THE REPORT OF THE FINANCE COM
MITTEE. ' 'Department of Foreign Affairs. ' '
"Tho accounts and vouchers of
this department have been carefully
examined and we find that confusion
exists, numerous transfers have been
made in the way of charging to one
appropriation payments that by right
belong to another, and it is only by
the most laborious and critical analy
sis that the true cost of a service
can be determined,"
More than one half of the Ap
propriation for Office Expenses of
Foreign Agents has been paid to the
Advertiser, say $1505.
"On looking into tho matter we
found that some bills had been paid
twice, and that by comparison with
the regular charges of other printing
olllces tho rates paid to the Advertiser
were much higher than they ought
to be ; in ono most glaring case a bill
for subscriptions amounting to $381
32 had been paid twice ; restitution
for this has, however, been mado
since we discovered tho transaction,
by tho payment of tho amount into
the Treasury as a Government Realization.
"The Coronation Appropriation of
$10,000 has all been expended, On
the 20th of August, 1882, Col. C. II.
Judd received tho sum of $7,000 ;
a Mr. Buckmann received $650 for
painting, a sum of $800 is charged
for entertaining Japanese guests,
and the P. C. Advertiser took $281
50 for printing and advertising."
"With regard to the appropriation
for "Expenses of Foreign Missions,"
the Report of the Minister of Fi
nance informs us that the sum of
$25,000 was drawn for this purpose,
but this statement does not agree
cither with the books of the Finance
Department or those of the Foreign
Office ; the actual disbursement was
$25,0!)5 58, and the books were made
to balance by drawing the sum of
$95.58 from the appropriation for
the "Encouragement of Immigra
tion," in the Interior Department,
and crediting the same to "Expenses
of Foreign Missions," a most extra
ordinary and unwarranted proceed
ing." "The appropriation for the
"King's Guard," according to the
Report of fhe Minister of Finance,
has been sufficient for the purpose,
but such is not the case, as a sum of
$1,159 49 was drawn from the ap
propriation for "Purchase of Ord
nance" and used to pay off the men
for the month of March. Amongst
the item charged to this account is
an amount of $G30 to the P. C. Ad
vertiser for printing a book of rules
for Volunteers, which was paid for on
the 8th of March, 1883, and delivered
in an unfinished condition on the 9th
of May, 1881 ; the proper charge for
doing this work has been estimated
by two practical printers, one of
whom quotes $280 and the other
$225. There was also used for this
account a considerable sum which
was drawn from tho appropriation
for -'Aid to Volunteers."
The people paid for the rabble of
soldiers who went to Kohala to see
Kamchameha's statue stood on end,
the sum of $943, which account was
never audited or approved.
Of the appropiiation foi "Aid to
Volunteers" C. II. Judd received
$3,700. What he did with it does
not appear. All the volunteer work
he has been known to do was to
collect this money. The Kinifs
guard had new uniforms at the ex
pense of this appropriation. $004
was transferred to help pay fi eight
on Battery, $38G, "was spent on
incidental, and, on the principle that
every little helps, the Advertiser
tags in and takes all there is left,
"The appropriation for "Purchase
of Ordnance" was all expended for
that purpose. An amount, however,
was subsequently charged to the
account, say $1,159 49 and used to
pay off the King's Guard. The freight
on the Ordnance amounting to
$2,377 73 was devided as follows:
To Arms and Accoutrements. . 8 337 98
To Aid to Volunteers 001 75
To King's Giu'rd 215 00
To Attorney-General's Depart
ment 1,200 00
Here is a plain violation not 011I3'
of the law, and transfers not only
from one appropriation to another,
but from on department to another,
A proceeding in direct violation of
the law :
"The amount expended on ac
count of the appropriation for re
ceptions and incidentals is stated in
the report of tho Minister of
Finance to bo $19,993.05, but the
actual amount drawn from the
Treasury on this account was $20,
393.01; the excess of $100 being
covered br a Cabinet resolution
which appears in the Indemnity
account on page 33 of the Finance
"Some of the items of expendi
ture aro Us follows :
Coronation 310,083 72
Printing and advertising 1,115 05
Newspaper subscriptions 308 43
OIllco expenses 2,275 00
Carriage hhe 170 45
"As there was a special appro
priation for tho Coronation, the
amount expended as above for that
purpose is unauthorized, except that
portion of it used to entertain the
Japanese Embassy, amounting to
$3,951.31. An illustration of the
confusion of accounts is feen in the
fact that tho above amount was only
a portion of tho cost of entertain
ing tho Japanese Embassy, there
having been used for tho same pur
pose from tho appropriation for the
Coronation $706.40, and from the
proceeds of sales of furniture and
buildings tho sum of 8428.72, mak
ing the total expenditure 011 account"
of these visitors $5,149.13,
"The funds of the Coronation
expenses were derived as follows:
From Coronation Appr'llon 010.000 00
Receptions and Incidentals.. 10.035 72
Sales of furniture & bnlld'gs 3.S37 05
And besides these, thcie arc
liabilities .vet outstanding. 8,309 00
Total cost of Corountloii..$33,223 33"
Col. Judd received $7,000 from
the coronation fund, for which no
vouchers are rendered.
Various furniture and buildings
were sold and the sum realized $:!,
837 was immediately used for gen
eral expenses by the Government.
"The proceeds of these sales should
have been covered into the Treasury
as Government realizations; any
other disposition of such funds is
strictly prohibited by law."
The Committee were much delayed
by the unsatisfactory condition of
the books. There are 21 accounts
which do not agree with the books of
the Finnncc Department. "In our
opinion the errors arc caused by the
employment of young and inexperi
enced boys to do work that ought to
be in the hands of elllcicnt ac
counts." "The salary of the Minister has
boon overdrawn to the extent of
$500. No mention of this appears
in the Finance Report, but an inves
tigation demonstrated the fact. We
believe that the Hon. J. E. Bush,
who was Minister at the time, denies
the receipt of the money, but there
is ample evidence to prove that the
sum was paid to the chief clcik of
the Interior Department."
"A sum of $500 was also paid to
the P. C. Advertiser on the 1st of
March, 1882, as an advance on print
ing the Civil Code in Hawaiian, but
no work appears to have been done,
and a contract for printing both
versions having been made with the
Gazette office, wc recommend that
11 is Ex. W. M. Gibson the then
pioprietor of the Advertiser, be
made to refund the money."
Incidentals had been overdrawn
$11 1G, and well they might be when
$470 has been paid for express hire,
and $185 for piivato telephones.
"Minister Gulick absorbed $139.90
for telephones in Febiuary and
ROADS AND BRIDGES.
"In this district there was a sale
of four mules, carts, and harness
which were no longer needed, realiz
ing $1,418. This should have been
returned to the Treasury as a Govern
ment realization, but was used to
pay current expenses, the Supervisor
in Chief acting under instructions
from the Minister of the Interior."
"The expenditure for feed in Ililo
seems excessive, the amount charged
for that purpose being $2,1G2."
From January 2nd to March 12th,
1884, Mr. Arnold, Road Supervisor,
purchased 7,239 pounds of oats. He
had only four mules and one horse
belonging to the Government.
In more than ono instance the
total expenditure for a district during
a whole quarter was the salary of the
district road supervisor.
The travelling expenses, of the
various road supervisors in chief
were as follows:
Roap Supervisor In Chief, Ha
waii $ 021 50
Road Supervihor in Chief, Mini 17 00
Eo.id Supervisor in Chief, Oanu 00 00
Whether tho expenses of Mr.
Arnolds frequent visits to Honolulu
are included does not appear.
Friday, June 20. Continued.
Mr. Widcmann I stand here ly
appointment of IIisMajesty, and to
protect his prerogatives until my
last breath. If His Majesty was
surrounded by good advisers it would
be unnecessary for mo to speak. I
would ask several questions : First
Where is, and whence comes the
authority of tho Cabinet Council tp
appropriate Gove r n m 0 n t funds ?
Second Where is, and whence
comes the authority of the Minister
of Financo to disburse funds spe
cially appropriated by the Legisla
ture? Third Has this money been
spent or is it still in tho Treasury?
1 say this money is tho peoples
money, but the Ministers hold it in
spite of you. The power of this
Legislature is the power of the
purse. If you lose that you mil
never lBcovor it. I believe a deli
berate attempt is being made to take
that from you.
Mr. Nawahl said, this is the
second day the Assembly has been
weighing the Ministry. 1 have been
a representative for twelve years,
and on live different occasions 1
have been a member of the Finance
Committees, that have had to weigh
different ministries. The first two,
the decision of tho Committee was
sustained and tho Cabinet wont out.
The third lime an addition was
made to the Committee, a member
who is now Minister of Foreign
Affairs. Ho and I worked together
and wo found the ministers wanting
and the Cabinet wont out. Last
session, with the Minister in again,
wc prepared to weigh the Cabinet
but they left. Soon after my friend
wanted to get into tho scales him
self. Now it has come to pass, and
hero I am again on the Committee,
and called upon to weigh my friend.
I am not biased on this matter as
wc were in the same business once.
The first fire was opened by the
Ministry. I sat off on one side and
wasn't in range of them. The shots
seemed to fall short, and I am told
thej were only firing blank car
tridges. One result is they fired
down a lot of turkeys, bustles, cor
sets and then a bundle of news
papers. 1 have listened for a good
explanation against the charges by
the Committee, but the Ministers
cannot deny them. The Minister
said wo had been looking for a
needle in the haystack. I did see a
haystack piled under Mr. Gibson's
desk yesterday. The Committee
didn't find the needle but they
found over $300 mis-spent in the
haystack. Ilowimany treasuries are
we going to have for public funds.
The Attorney-General has said if
any of the members wanted to step
in his shoes, they were welcome. I
don't think any member wants to
step into a lame pair of shoes. Let
this Ministry keep their lame shoes.
The Minister of the Interior hasn't
said a great deal. In 1878 he was
Chief Clerk of the department he
is now at the head of, at that time
there was a good many little items
shown up. The Ministry must be
blamed for the way the monies have
disappeared. The Auditor-General
it was supposed would be a check
on the Ministers, but he had done
all he could to assist. We want
right not wrong. The Ministers are
public stewards, and jet they can
not account for the money. No
man would employ anyone with a
record like these Ministers. The
Minister of the Interior has over
drawn his salary $500. Where is
it? These deficiencies mentioned
in tho report cannot be denied bj
the Ministers. They arc supposed
to know the law, but their desire is
to break the law. We make laws
and these Ministers disobey them.
The law provides how monies shall
be spent. Mr. Gibson says the P.
C. Advertiser only received $13,000,
I would like to have him prove it
isn't $18,000. The only way ho can
make it so is by destroying some of
the vouchers. The Committee were
not animated by any animus, but
went to work faithfully. I am sur
prised any one should move the
report be indefinitely postponed.
If any member feels the report is
correct, he should get up and say so.
Mr. Hitchcock Tho question is
whether the repoi t is correct or false.
The Ministers have touched on little
trivial things, but have forgotten tho
ones. They say tho little
aro so trivial, we must not
look at the larger ones. In 1878
Mr. Gibson was chairman of Finance,
about ihe same question arises now
as then. What did he say then, and
what does he say now. He has
considerably changed in six yea.is.
Why were no books kept in one
department where over $600,000
was spent? Why were any trusfers
allowed? Freedom is tried to be
wrested from us. What need of
representatives, our last hope is gone.
They mo transferring monies with
out any authority.
Mr. Nakaleka 1 had good reasons
for moving the report bo indilinitely
postponed. The report is incom
plete, tho com mitt ce say it is thcie
foro that is one of my reasons.
Mr. Kauhane I have examined
the report carefully, ami only come
to ono conclusion, that this Ministry
mvc spent mid wasted n great deal
of money. The Ministers arc sup
posed to bo the public stewards of
tho countiy. I am not satisfied the
way public business has been carried
on. Look at the giving of contracts
to one man ; on nearly every page
of the report can be found tho name
of Ilayseldon. This manlier of con
ducting public business b neither
prudent or wise. One fault is their
waste and squandering of monej by
giving these contracts out in thiB
manner, it is almost worse than steal-
ing. This Ministry
have had tho
long enough. I do not think this
Ministry is furthciing the interests
of this country. The arc more like
furthering interests of one man who
is not in tho Kingdom. They can't
servo two masters, they should either
serve the Government or this man
with his money. I don't wish the
affairs of the Government to be
placed in such hands any longer.
Mr. Palohau I think the report
is a very good one, it shows to the
Ministers that they should turn over
a new leaf. If they are not to be
sent off, let this report be a lesson
to them. It is a Ministry that pays
attention to the native Hawaiian.
Why should we find fault with them.
Their evil deeds have been spoken of
but not their good ones.
Mr. Aholo I think tho House
ought to have plenty of time to
scrutunize the report carefully. If
this Assembly say they have no
confidence in this Ministry, it is in
order to introduce a resolution
stating so. I move the Committee
rise and receive the report and lay it
At 5 o'clock the 'Committee rose,
reported progress, and adjourned
until 10 o'clock Saturday morning.
Saturday, June 21.
The House assembled at 10 a. m.
After prayer bj' the Chaplain, the
minutes of the preceding day were
read and approved.
Mr. F. Brown asked for a recon
sideration of the bill to change the
Second Judicial Court from Lahaina
to Wailuku, which had been indefi
nitely postponed the previous day.
Mr. W. O. Smith thought the bill
had not been properly considered.
A petition would be received later
by the Kinau fiom Wailuku in favor
of the change. He regretted the
Governor of Maui was not present,
as lie had spoken in lavor 01 the
Mr. Kalua said that Lahaina was
the s.eat of the Government on Maui,
the Governor resides there, it is a
port of entry and a famous old
town. M3' constituents instructed
mo to oppose the change.
Mr. Palohau thought any recon
sideration was a waste of time.
The motion to reconsider was lost
by a vote of 18 to 20.
Mr. G. Brown wished to correct
himself in his remarks of the previous
day, referring to the item of $500,
salary overdrawn by the Minister of
the Interior, that it did not apply to
the present Minister, but to his pre
decessor. Also, if ho had used any
unparliamentary language he wished
to apologize for it.
Mr. Dole, from Judiciary Com
mittee, reported on the bill to amend
Section 782, Civil Code, relating to
time and places of holding elections,
that a now bill had been drawn out.
The new bill was read a first time,
and then by its title a second timo,
and passed to engrossment.
Mr. Bishop said he would intro
duce a joint resolution authorising
the Minister of Finance to pay over
to the trustees of tho Queen's Hospi
tal a balance of S7000 taxes col
lected at the Custom House.
Mr. Palohau offered a resolution
that tho appropriation bill be order
of the day for Mondays, Wednesdays
and Fridays of each week.
Mr. W. O. Smith thought the bill
should not be considered until after
the Finance Committees report was
The resolution was finally adopted.
Mr. Nakaleka introduced a reso
lution that $500 be appropriated for
building n bridge at tho leper settle
ment, Kalawao. Laid on table.
Mr. Keau, that $5,000 bo appro
priated for translating, printing and
binding tho now edition of tho Civil
Code into the Hawaiian language,
Mr. Kaunamano, that the Ser-geant-at-Arms
furnibh tho members
t V I
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