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MMMWaBBMMWgMaaiBwwswsinujii iiiiijiiijtiii iiitmmapmammmBanmmmmmmmammmi n 'wwwwwwmijijuilhihi iwhuuiuibimaih mi i .igjiuBhiijijiJUjjiitajLiiijiiijtj.ujjujiiujuu.utiLiajiijtjjiiJi-ji'LiJ4.jjiiwiu.juwjiiii i uri.
THE UNDERSIGNED liuvc formed
a copartnership under tho ilrin
name of ' bPHEClvELS & Co." for tho
nuipoio of carrying on a general bank
lug and ovohnngo business nt Honolulu,
and such other places in tho Hawaiian
Kingdom as may be deemed advisable
(Signed) CLAUS SPRECKLI.S
Win. Q. 111WIN.
P. F. LOW.
Honolulu, .Ian. 14th, 1881.
Referring to the uhove wo beg to in.
form tho business public that we nro
prepared to make loans, discount npprov.
cd notes,. and purchase exchange at the
best current rales. Our arrangements
for selling exchange on tho piincipal
points in the United Stales, Europe,
China, Japan and Australia nro being
made, and when perfected, due notice
will be given. We shall also bo prepared
to leeclvc deposits on open account,
tnnko collections, and conduct n geneial
banking nud exchange busbies'.
(110 amb (signed) Sl'REOKELS & Co.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.'
Draw Exchange ou the
JBuitlft of Caliibi'niu, S. 1
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rotlischild &on, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Rank Co., ol Sydney,
'Hie Rank of New Zealand: Auckland,
ChriMchuroh, and Wellington.
The Bank of JliliMi Columbia, Vic
toria, R. C. and Roitlaud, Or.
Tran-act a General Ranking Hii-iiH-s
C'J ly b
TIIK DAILY ltlTMLFriX
("in he had fioin
J. M. O.U, .Ir, A Co Moichant t.
T. (I. Thrum Merchant bt.
SfolC $ttl $MttU,
PlcdgdJ to neither 8cct nor Tarty.
Bat established for tbo benoSt of all.
WEDNESDAY. JULY 2, 18S1.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Oahu Lodge, No. 1 K. of P. 7 :JJ0
Bethel Prayer Meeting, at
at 7 :30.
Clitirch, Prayer Meeting
We have been no apologist
Mr. Gibson and his Cabinet.
It is quite true that the Advertiser
has never apologized for Mr. Gibson.
On the contrary it lias steadily
upheld Mr. Gibson as a man for
whom no apology was needed. It
is only last week that it stated Mr.
Gibson was "an honest, energetic
and capable public official." A
public servant who combines all these
qualities certainly needs no apology.
We may add that a public journal
capable of giving such an endorse
ment to a man with Mr. Gibson's
record, has passed bcyend the stage
where any apology would be of tho
SHOULD THE MINISTERS VOTE UPON
A QUESTION OF WANT OF CON
FIDENCE IN THEMSELVES?
Unhesitatingly tho common sense
of every one answers, No? The pro
position is exactly parallel, of allow
ing a man charged with crime to sit
upon tho jury which is to decide
upon his guilt or innocence. It is
claimed that the Ministers do not
possess the confidence of the coun
try, and the constitutional method
of deciding this question is by a vote
of the Assembly ; now if a majority
of the Representatives and Nobles
vote against the Ministry, and the
Ministers by their own votes, nullify
the expression of the feeling of the
couutry, there can be no doubt that
the expression of the will of the peo
ple has been defeated.
The answer to the question is
then without doubt, that the Minis
ters onqif. not to vote, and the rules
of our Lcgislatuio should bo so
changed as to correspond with com
mon sense, and to execute and not
defeat the popular will
A CHANCE NEEDED HT A DISRE
We would urge upon the Assembly
t the necessity of changing the present
method of appointing tax assessors
, and collectors. Under the existing
.' system these olllccs are simply the
prey of the administration, parceled
out to personal friends, relatives and
political woikers, nud with few ex
ceptions, without regard to fitness,
character or intelligence on tho part
of iho appointees. The country now
needs all the income that can bo
made available but taxes will not
and can not bo equitably assessed
and properly collected by ignorant
and inefficient men.
The Auditor General in his repot t
says: "Our assessments have not
been made with that care and intel
ligence that our revenue system de
mands. We have every reason to
believe that property has steadily
advanced in value since 1870 ; our
exports show a steady gain ; the va
riation in the assessment must be at
tributed to the inefficiency of the
Assessors." Speaking of last year
he says: "The Assessors outside
of Honolulu, with a few exceptions,
were men entirely deficient of a
knowledge of their duties ; they were
tiot skilled as valuators of property,
on a large scale, and therefore want
ing in knowledge and force of
character to make them efficient
public officers, and thereby not only
was there no increase in personal
property heretofore deducted, but
the scncrul increase fell short of
former years." "The im
portance of selecting men qualified
to fill the office of Assessor is one of
more than ordinary importance;
nothing will irritate- the public more
than unequal taxation, which is cer
tain to be the case with incompetent
persons in office."
The whole burden of the lay is in
efficiency, ignorance, lack of char
acter. And yet inefficient, ignorant
nud characterless men aic year after
year appointed, and will continue to
lie appointed as long as the power of
appointment is likewise in the hnnds
of inefficient or unscrupulous jnen,
and as long as the tenure of the
office depends upon subset viency,
and a ictuui of political support for
Take away from the Minister the
power of appointing new men every
year, and one prolific sou ran of cor
ruption will be lemoved. Take
away from the tax assessors and col
lectors the power to act at the same
time as members of the Legislature,
and we shall have a truer represen
tation and less i ruckling to the
powers that be, for purposes of pri
The foiegoing article was written
over a month ago, and how truly
have events borne out the statements
We have scon the demoralizing
and disgraceful spectacle of nine
Representatives of the people, while
acting as Representatives, deliber
ately stultifying themselves and
abandoning the interests of their
constituents, at the beck of a shame
less and unprincipled official, simply
because he lias it in his power to ap
point the Tax Assessors.
It reduces our Legislature from a
"representative" body into a ma
chine, in which the will of the people
is a cipher, and the commission of a
Representative is simply a basis for
making money by selling the vote
incident thereto, to the Ministry for
an office. The remedy is not far to
seek. Let a law be passed for
bidding any man holding a Govern
ment office from being a member of
the Assembly. Let it extend further
than this, and forbid any person de
riving profit from the Government,
whether through contracts or other
wise, from holding a seat in the As
sembly. If the Ministry are deprived of
this power of buying votes, the prime
source of corruption in our Legisla
ture will be removed, and the sense
of decency in the community will
not be shocked by such shameless,
open, bare-faced bribery as that with
which it has been insulted within the
PRESIDENT RHODES' RULING UPON
THE QUESTION OF ALLOWINC
MINISTERS TO VOTE ON A QUES
TION OF WANT OF CONFIDENCE.
Mr. Rhodes' ruling was as fol
"Theio is considerable conllict
between our rules and those of for
eign nations, and the rules of foreign
nations conflict with each other.
The rule in the U. S. House of Rep
resentatives is that ' no member shall
vote on any question in the event of
which he is immediately and particu
In the British House of Parlia
ment, in questions of this description,
all members of both Houses vote,
including tho Ministers.
I If I M
"Our rule, 142, is ambiguous. It
rends, 'No member shall be per
mitted to vote on any question when
his private right, distinct from pub
lic interest, io immediately con
cerned.' I must, therefore, rulo in
accordance with tho English prece
dent, that the Ministers have the
right to vote."
Mr. Rhodes deserves the. highest
praise for his impartiality in the rul
ing made, as his own feelings and
prejudices arc all the other way, but
wc can not agree with him as to the
conclusion drawn. The Ministers
hold scats in the House under Art.
-13 of the Constitution, which reads:
"The Ministry hold seats cx-ofllcio,
as Nobles, in the Legislative As
sembly." They are not Nobles, nor
do they represent any constituency,
but they have n seat among the
Nobles simply by virtue of their
As they represent the policy of
the Government, it is proper that
they should be present to answer
questions, and to discuss questions
of policy. Rut when it comes to a
question of whether or not the
country has confidence in the Min
istry, it cannot be said that they
Ministers themselves represent any
body, that they should vote upon
the question. The English prece
dent cited by Mr. Rhodes would not
seem to be in point, for the English
Ministers hold their seats In the
House of Commons by reason of
their being elected representatives,
and not by reason of their being
Ministers; a Minister there does not
have a rcat cx-officio in Parliament,
and consequently when he votes on
such a question, it is not his own
individual vote, as is the case here,
but it is the vote of the constituency
which he represents.
Whether Mr. Rhodes is correct or
not, the common sense of the com
munity demands that their shall be
no longer an ambiguity in the matter
and that tho rule be made definite
that Ministers shall not vote upon
their own acceptability to the country.
THE POSITION OF THE CABINET.
The fact stands undenied, and it
is undeniable, that the Cabinet exists
solely by virtue of the individual
ballots of the members thereof.
Take away the four votes of the
Ministry, and they would be in the
minoritj', and a vote of want of con
fidence would pass against them
instantly. This being the case, is
it not a perfect farce to say that
this Government is a representative
one. When a majority of the As
sembly not only say that they have
no confidence in the policy of the
Ministry, but denounce them as in
competent, inefficient and dishonest,
and bring forward incontestable and
undeniable facts to substantiate such
charge, is it not an insult to the
public to have these four men calm
ly deposit their ballots in favor of
themselves, and by the power of those
ballots alone, retain their offices?
Yet this is the position of the pre
sent Cabinet, and because they say
that they have" confidence in them
selves, we arc asked by a sojcalled
independent newspaper to calmly
accept their verdict, as being a de
cisive and unaswerable reply to the
facts, not charges, which have been
shown against them.
"The condition of the Prison is
most creditable to Marshal Parke
and his assistants. Nothing could
be more cleanly than the cells and
corridors, and every part of the
establishment is in perfect order."
P. 0. Advertiser, July 2d, 1884.
In reference to the same subject;,
the majority Report of the Legisla
tive "Committee of Thirteen,"
says: "The accommodations arc
insufficient, tho crowded condition
of the Prison making it necessary
often to place 8 prisoners in a cell."
(The cells are 7 feet long and 4 feet
"There is no suitable place for
the occupants to take their meals ;
tj10 Wnter-closet ar
rangements are inadequate and in a
filthy condition, and located in such
proximity to the eating place as to
bo most objectionable." This is
the testimony of Governor Doininis,
the Attorney-General (Paul Neu
mann), lions. W. O. Smith, J. Kaae,
S. B. Dole, J. Kaunamano, Cecil
Brown and J. Nawahi ; and Doctor
Brodie, the attending physician,
says in his Report: "Increased
accommodation is necessavy, as at
times three prisoners have to occupy
one cell, while in my estimation,
there should not bo more than one
in a cell." lie says, further, that
"the building is almost constantly
overrun" with "bed-bugs" ; and,
that "the water-closets as at prcsciit
situated and constructed are a posi
"We can scarcely believe that all
of these gentlemen have deliberately
lied, the P. 0. Advertiser to the
AN OUTRAGE !
Law passed by tho Legislature
Making it Impossible to
!i Ian of
If He Enters a Pica of
If such a law as this were to be
passed by the Legislature, tho com
munity would rise as one man in
resistance to such a preposterous
and outragious violation of decency
and common sense ; for it is a mat
ter of demonstration and not of
aigument, that if a criminal can
avoid punishment by simply enter
ing a plea of not guilty, he will do
so, and justice no ucicatcu. jmu
yet this is precisely what is being
done in the Legislature! The Min
istry have robbed this country of
her credit and of her good name ;
they have robbed the people of their
right of representation, by publicly
seducing their Representatives with
office bestowed in exchange for
votes ; they have robbed the Treas
ury of public funds, bj' drawing
money therefrom, not only without
sanction of law, but in violation of
the direct command of laws so plain
that the English language cannot
speak plainer; and yet they have
been brought to trial, before the
only tribunal competent to take
cognizance of their crime, the Legis
lature, and by entering their four
separate pleas of "not guilty," they
have defeated justice and made a
conviction impossible. But for the
four votes of the four Ministers,
the vole of want of confidence
would have passed last Saturday.
Tuesday, July 1. Continueed.
Mr. C. Brown, in support of his
resolution said that by Section 32 of
the law relating to taxes, tliejr could
not be members of the Legislature
and Tax Assessors at the same time.
They should resign cither one or the
other. If they had any self respect,
they would never have taken the
office, nor would the Ministers have
conferred office upon them. It looks
as if the Ministers were trying to biry
Mr. W. 0. Smith, said, tins is not
a new thing, it never has done any
good and never will. It is highly
improper they should be appointed
assessors. The Tax Assessor by
Authority notice in the P. C. Ad
vertiser says : "All returns must be
made to the Assessor not later than
Jul' 81 or no appeals can by law be
If assessments are not made in
July people may refuse to pay their
taxes. The matter of taxation is a
very important one. If we are going
to lose money we had better look
Mr. Kaulukou' moved the resolu
tion bo indefinitely postponed, and
also the previous question.
Mr. Dole replied for Mr. C. Brown
the introducer of the resolution as
follows: It is plainly seen that there
is friction here, one. man has to
perform two duties at the same time.
The Hon. member for South Kona is
Tax Assessor for North Kohala. lie
simply represents nine members of
this House who are in the same fix.
Are the tax payers of North Kohala
to come to Honolulu to make their
statements to him? It would cost
them a great deal to come here. It
is an imposition. It looks as if a
large amount of taxes would bo lost
to the country. No man can be in
two places at the same time. This
action of appointing assessors from
among members of this House, is
consistent with the actions of this
Ministry for tho past two years. Tho
resolution is a thoroughly full one
J and a business one. It is on behalf
of tax payers and tho rovenucs of
tho country, and I hope it will pass.
The resolution was indefinitely
Mr. Dole offered a resolution that
after 18th of July, no bill shall be
introduced for consideration in this
Minister Gullck presented a report
in reply to a resolution, relating to
tlie contracts for Portuguese immi
gration. Referred to Committee on
Commerce. Also, a report in reply
to a lcsolution, rclnting to road tax
expenditure. Referred to Printing
First reading of a bill to amend
Chapter 84 of the laws of 1882, re
lating to the suppression of disense
among animals. On suspension of
the rules, the bill was read a second
time by its title and ordered to be
The House adjournd at 8:15 1 i.
Wednesday, July 2.
The House met at 10 a. m.
Prayers was said by the Chaplain.
Mr. Nahinu, on suspension of the
rules introduced a petition from
Honolulu for a light house at Kaka
ako. Referred to Minister of In
terior. Mr. Pilipo from Printing Com
mittee, reported that the Minister of
Interior's report relating to Govern
mental Land Sales and Leases had
been printed ; also, a report rela
tive to the privileges granted to the
Oceanic Steamship Co. Both
ordered to be distributed.
Mr. C. Brown gave notice of a
bill relating to jurors.
Mr. Pilipo read first time a bill
relating to a girls' boarding school,
District of North Kona. On sus
pension of the rules, the bill was
read a second time by its title and
referred to Committee on Education.
Mr. W. O. Smith read first time a
bill relating to powers of Sheriffs.
Ou suspension of the rules tho bill
was read a second time b' its title
and passed to engrossment.
Mr. Kanealii offered a resolution
that G08.93 be inserted in tho
appropriation bill for the purpose of
paying to J. Kauhano bis commis
sion as tax collector for the district
of Kau for 1882. Referred to
Mr. Palohau, $7000 for bridges,
and 500 for improving roads dis
trict of Kawaihac. Laid on table.
Mr. Amara read first time a bill to
amend Section 38G of the Civil Code
relating to fisheries. On suspension
of the rules the bill was read a second
time by its title and referred to
Mr. Kanwila, that 500 be appro
priated for anchor and buoys Poho
Mr. Kaunamano, 8450 be appro
priated for nssisting an English
school at Honokaa. Referred to
Committee on Educatiou.
ORDER OF THE DAY.
Consideration of the Appropriation
Bill in Committee of the whole, Mr.
Walker in the chair.
INTERIOR DEPARTMENT :
Salary of Minister 12000. Passed.
Mr. G. Brown moved that the
salaries of the clerks of the Interior
department be inserted in one lump
sum, and given out nt tho discretion
of the Minister.
Mr. Rowell moved that 15, GOO
be inserted for pay of Clerks, In
Mr. Aholo moved the items pass
as in the bill. Carried.
Chief Clerk $50,000
Second " 11,000
Third " 3,000
Fourth " 2,-100
Salary 5th Clerk, 1,800. Mr.
C. Brown moved this item bo struck
Minister Guliek said this was a
new item, but a clerk has been em
ployed for some lime past, whoso
particular duties art: classifying re
ports and copying, and is very useful
at times. With tho present amount
of Work this clerk can be fully oc
cupied. The House now took a recess for
one hour and a half.
On re-assembling aftec recess,
Mr. Kaulukou moved the item bo
increased to 2,000, as it appears to
be that this clerk would be able to
do a great deal of work.
Mr. Dole thought tho Hon. mem
ber was thinking more of the man
than the office. I do not believe
this clerk is required, I am told that
two good clorks could do the whole
work of the Interior Department.
If the present Ministry arc In office
at tho end of the present biennial
period, which I hope will not bo so,
they will be probably asking for a
sixth or seventh clerk. I hope the
motion to strike out will be carried.
On o show of hands being taken
the item was passed as in order.
Snlarv Governor of Oahu $11,000
" Maul a,coo
Salary Governess Hawaii, $8,60u.
Mr. Kaulukou moved this item bo
increased to 4,000. I make this
motion becauso Hawaii is the largest
island, and it is expensive traveling.
On a vote being called it was
passed as in the bill.
Salary Governor Kauai, $3, GOO
Salary Clerk Governor Oahu, 82,
400. Mr. C. Brown moved it be the
same as in last Appropriation Bill
1,200. It was finally passed at
Wednesday, June 30th.
Moiki, Kalauki, ITopu, Knuilcla,
Nanina, Jack, G. White, C. Deni
scn and Kaaea were fined 0 each
Kaiwi, for disorderly conduct on
Ihc 28th inst., was sentenced to 48
hours imprisonment at hard'labor.
Kcaka and R. Beck, for an affray
on the 38lh inst., Kcaka was fined
10 and Beck discharged.
Wong Hui, for assault on a native
on the 29th inst., was remanded
until the 1st pros.
Kaiakianui and Daniels, charged
with larceny of a case of brandy,
valued at 30, from the steamer
Kinau on or about the 27th inst.,
were remanded until the 1st pros.
Maria,, for deserting her husband,
was sentenced to 20 days imprison
ment at hard labor.
Mr. Thompson, remanded from
the 25th inst. The certificate of Dr.
Martin having been filed stating that
the defendant is in such a condition
that it would not be safe for him to
come into Court, he stands remanded
until moved by the prosecution.
Tuesday, July 1st,
Kamawi, Antono and T. Grant,
for drunkenness, were lined 0 each.
Lazarus, J. McQueen and R.
Brims, charged with violating ex
press rules Nos. 12 and 24, were
Geo. Cavanagh, F. D. Catherell,
E. Edcty and Win. More, charged
with violating Rule G of express
regulations, were remanded until
the 2 inst.
Mrs. Jackson, assault and bat
tery on a Chinaman on the 28th ult.,
sentence suspended until the 5th int.
Kaiakainui and Daniels, remanded
from the 30th ult. were discharged.
Kaiakainui, charged with selling
a bottle of intoxicating liquor with
out a license to a native on board
the steamer Kinau, on the 2Gth ult.,
was remanded until the 8th inst.
Mahlena, for assault and battery
on a Chinaman on the '30th ult., was
Wednesday, July 2.
Geo. Cavanagh, F. D. Catherell, E.
Eddy and W. More, remanded from
the 1st inst., were remanded until
the 3rd inst., for Judgement. ,
J. T. Antono and M. Swie, charged
with adultery on the 1st inst., were
remanded until the 3rd inst., for
Chin Qui Lcn, for furious driving,
was fined 12.20.
A. Rehwald, an insane person.
Dr. Hagan states, I havo examined
this person, he is very violent and
mad, the only proper place for him
is the Insane Asylum, and it is not
safe for him to be nt liberty. Com
mitted to the Insane Asylum until
released by proper authority.
Paul Ilelmo, age 10 years, for
truancy, was committed to the Re
formatory School for 4 years.
The Honolulu Stock Exchange
held its regular session this morn
ing. Hid. As'd
Prlncovillo riant. Co 70
Wailuku Sugar Co ISO
Hawn. Agr. Co 100
YVaimannlo Sugar Co 110
Wnianne Co 120
Paukna Sugar Co 10
Koeipioeity Sugar Co 125
Ilnlawa Sugar Co 100
Paia Plant. Co 100 125
C. Brewer & Co 110
Inter Island S.N. Co 125
E. O. Hull & Son (Limited)... 100 110
Wildoi's Steamship Co 100 120
Honolulu lee Works Co 00
Woouhuvn Dairy Co 75
Kawailou Ranch Co
7 per cent. Haw. Gov. Bonds.. 100
0 p.e. fieo fiom Gov. Tax. ... 75
Onomea Sugar Co. Bds, I) p.e.
Huw. Agr. Co. Bonds, 7 p.e... 101
4, '. 'iiMbAJ.