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THE UNDERSIGNED have formed
a copartnership under the- firm
nnmo of " 8PRECKELS & Co." for the
purpose of currying on a general bank
lngantl exchange business at Honolulu,
and such other places in the Hawaiian
Kingdom as may be deemed advisable
(Signed) GLAUS SPRECKELS
" Wm. Q. IUWIN.
F. k LOW.
Referring to the above we beg to in.
form tho business public that "we are
prepared to niaku loans, discount approv
ed notes,, ami pin chase exchange at the
best current rates. Our arrangements
for selling exchange on the principal
points in tho United States, Europe,
China, Japan and Australia arc being
made, and when perfected, due notice
will be given. We shall also be prepared
to receive deposits on open account,
.make collections, and conduct a general
banking and exchange business.
010 3mb (signed) Sl'RKOKELS & Oo.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands!
Draw Exchange on the
Uunlc ol" Culilbruiu, S. IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Son, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Rank Co., of Sydney,
This Rank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christohurch, and Wellington.
"The Rank of Rrillsh Columbia, Vie.
toria, R. 0. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Ranking RiiMiicas.
COO ly b
THE DAILY JBUIjUGTIIV
can be had from
Oat, Jr., & Co. .
. ..Merchant st.
Fledged to neither Beet nor Party.
Bat ostabliahsd for the bonofit of all.
THURSDAY. JULY 3, 1884.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Mystic Lodge, No. 2, 7:30.
Bant, Emma Square, 7:3.0.
4th July Exercises, Ilaw'n Hotel.
Pic-nic Pearl River.
THE BULLETIN BOYS.
There lias been such a rush for
the Bulletin during the last few
days, that the Bulletin Boys have
had to work night and daj' to keep
up with the demand.
They ate well nigh exhausted with
their patriotic endeavors to dissemi
nate a knowledge of the iniquities of
the Turkey Cabinet, and to uphold
the nation against tho assaults of
absolutism and monopoly. Tn view
of the hard work that lies before
them in that line, they will take to
morrow to recuperate in. There
will' accordingly be no paper issued
to-morrow, the 4th, but on Friday
an advance will be made all along
the line, and the battle- will he re
opened with renewed vigor.
IS THIS A FACT ?
are creditably informed that
the commissions of the new tax
assessors have not yet been deliver
ed to them. Are they being held
back until votes are no longer
needed? If this is so the bribery
is worse than we thought for.
THE FOURTH OF JULY BALL.
Tho wording of the invitations to
the Fourth of July Ball is unwise.
It reads, "Mr. . Your
company is respectfully invited to
attend the American Ball, etc."
Now this is not wise, for it is
rather rough on Mr. Blank to invite
his company to come and not to in
vito Mr. Blank ; and if he is a true
born American he may get up on his
ear about it and cause a disturb
ance. Moreover, the Committee
does not know how much company
Mr. Blank may have. It may bo
that Mr. Blank is the Minister of
TOnrnirrn A-ffnira nrl no Iii iq ontor-
frV. & w.
taming tho majority of the Legisla
ture at his hotibc, this might cause
an unexpected number of guests to
be precipitated uppn the Committee,
and a rush on the lunch table.
Again, Mr. Blank's Company may
not be congenial to the company at
the ball, and little unpleasantnesses
Altogether we think that it would
have been wiser if the Committee
had seen fit to invite Mr. Blank, and
luld omitted his company, or else
invited them by name.
A chinaman died on board tho
schooner Kekauluohi yesterday
morning, while she was off Waianae,
; bound from Ilanalci to this port.
Tho community is waiting for His
MajeBty'B action in regard to His
Patience haB characterised tho
attitude of the people during the
past two years, they have been long
Buffering, and they still wait.
His subjects have been law abid
ing and loyal, they have performed
their part with full regard to the
laws and the constitution; their
patience has been severely tried but
they have not failed in one jot or
tittle of their duty.
Now they ask for the simple right
to good government, and nothing
more. Thcj' seek nothing unreason
able, no special favors or unusual
privileges, but the bearest right
which is their due.
This cannot be long withheld from
them ; the principles of enlightened
constitutional government' have been
too thoroughly inculcated to admit
of unlimited submission to injustice
His Majesty should glory in the
spirit which animates his independ
ent subjects who demand constitu
tional government. It was the faith
of the Great Powers in the ability
of Hawaii to govern itself in accord
ance with these principles which
constrained them to recognize its
independence, and place it among
the enlightened nations of the earth.
The cause now pursued will be
observed by those Powers.
It was significant that the Repre
sentatives of the United States,
Great Britain and France were in
attendance during the discussions
in the Assembly of the charges of
maladministration. Not only will
the course pursued be an indication
to this country of the spirit which
inspires iiis Majesty, but it will
meet with an attention abroad, which
will have a bearing on the relations
of the great Powers toward us in the
The btieugth and permanence of
the throne lies in the lo'altj' of the
people, and that can best be pre
served by the 103'alty of him who
sits upon the throne.
A GOVERNMENT BOOMERANG.
"When the Turkey Cabinet hatched
pout their little plan for buving up
votes, and bribed nine representa
tives to help whitewash their black
biennial record, by parceling out tax
assessorsships, they as usual forgot
to look up the law on the subject.
The law reads Section 32, "It
shall be the duty of the assessor of
each district to give public notice
fixing a time and place durinq
the month of July, at which such
residents shall render to such asses
sor a statement of all property be
longing to them," etc.
Section 35, "If any person shall
refuse or neglect to make and deliver
to the assessor within the time
prescribed," such a statement, the
assessor may make an assessment,
"and the same shall be final, binding
and conclusive and shall not be
subject to appeal."
Here then is a pretty state of
affairs. The Government has ap
pointed nine men as assessors, who
are at present Representatives, and
must attend the Legislature, which
will not terminate before the end of
July, aud neglect their duties as
ussessors, or withdraw from the
Legislature and thereby have their
constituencies unrepresented in tho
Legislature. There can be no doubt
that the permanent absence from the
Assembly, of these nine greedy mer
cenaries would be of infinite advan
tage to their constituents and the
country at large ; but the Govern
ment cannot afford to part with its
ill gotten and unprincipled support,
and the other horn of the dilemma
presents itself, viz: 1st. Tho
assessors will not visit their
districts during July, for the
simple reason, that they cannot bo
in two places at once ; 2d, The tax
payers cannot make returns during
July, becauso there is no one in the
district authorized by law to receive
the roturns ; 3d, Not having made
returns during July, the tax-payers
have no appeal from assessments
subsequently made by the assessor,
bo they eve$ so excessive arbitrary
How do yu like the taste of it Mr.
Tax-payer V Verily tins is the Min
istry in which tho tax-payer puts his
trust and confidence. This is tho
patriotic Cabinet which we long
have sought and mottrned, because
we found it not.
THE PROTECTION OF THE THRONE.
The Ministers and their defenders
make light of the fact that tho' law
has been broken and trampled upon
by the administration. Prominent
among the laws which have been vio
lated are the Appropriation Bill and
the Audit Act, tho direct, explicit
and mandatory requirements of which
have been disregarded.
Public moneys to the amount of
more than Two Hundred and Ticen
ty Thousand Dollars, which by tho
express provisions of the Audit Act
should have been paid into the office
of the Minister of Finance, were col
lected and not placed in the Treas
ury. And One Hundred and Eighty-Eight
Thousand Dollars of it
was disbursed illegally.
And further, Ninety-Five Thou
sand Dollars was drawn from the
Treasury without tho warrant of the
Appropriation Bill, and retained by
the Ministers to disburse at will.
Other instnnccs of acts equally il
legal have been exposed, which show
conclusively that the Ministers have
wilfully broken the law.
What is the significance of nil this?
Hon. W. O. Smith, in. summing
up the charges preferred by the Rep
resentatives against the Ministry,
diiiinc the discussion of the Resolu
tion of "Want of Confidence, spoke
forcibly on the point; he said: "The
Ministers have taken oath before Al
mighty God to support the Constitu
tion and laws, and faithfully and im
partially to discharge the duties of
then offices." "To support the
laic, the law which is our security ;
the security of every person that is
govercned, and of every person who
governs ; the law which is the guard
that prevents governors from becom
ing tyrants, and the govercned from
It is not merely a matter of dol
lars and cents ; it is not a question
of the objects to which the money
has been applied, but if permitted it
means revolution and disorder.
It was the majesty of the law alone
which placed the King upon the
throne, and it is that power only
which guarantees the power to him.
He cannot with safety consent to
any breach of the law in the admin
istration of the Government.
Retaining Ministers in office after
a knowledge of their infringement of
the fundamental law of the land, is
one of the severest blows at the sta
bility of his throne.
Break down the law which protects
the King and his humblest subject
alike, aud neither has any more pro
tection than the other.
PRIVILEGES CRANTEDT0 THE OCEANIC
The following is the statement of
the Minister of the Interior, in re
ply to a Resolution introduced by
1-Cost of sheds erected on the
Steamer Wharf $ 7,198 22
1 -Lease to W. G. Irwin & Co.,
Agents, of lot corner of
Fort and Allen streets, Es
planade, for warehouse,
for 25 vcars, from Sept.
13th, 1882, at $500 per an
num, value for general
storage purposes, at least
2,500 per annum, privi
lege, say $2,000 00
2-Pilotage, $1.50 per foot
each way, instead of $100
each trip, say 0:. per trip,
24 trips per annum 1,512 00
3-Bnoys, Light Dues, Mail
Oaths-Free, $0 per vessel,
24 trips per annum 144 00
4 -Wharfage, free 1,940 tons
at 2 cents per ton per day,
$38.88, 7 days, $271.00 and
21 trips per annum, say.. . 0,518 40
5-Watcr, free. Tho water
supplied Alameda on her
last trip measured, by
meter, 18,277 cubic feet, or
140,210 gallons, at tho
usual charge to shipping,
i cent per gallon, $731
per trip, 21 trips per an
num, say 17,541 00
fl-Coal space, lot on Esphinad,
rear of space occupied by
tf. Ilaekfold & Co., 00x137
feet, free from Oct. 12th,
18S2, compared with other
spaees'leased for this pur
pose, say 150 00
l-Tfle Wharfage Receipts
from vessels from Foreign
Ports, for" quarter ending
March 31st", 1883, amounted
to $ 4,709 33
For quarter ending Mar.
31st, 1884 3,270 85
Decroafec for 1884..$ 1,408 48
2-Thc Pilot Fees decreased by order of
of the Government arc a loss to the
3 -The Huuiu privileges, as above stated,
viz : Wharfage, Light Dues, Buoys,
Water, Pilotage, &c, are accorded
to thcteamers of tho P.M. S. S. Co.
CiiAS. T. Guliok,
Minister of the Interior.
Wednesday, July 2 Continued.
The following items woro passed :
Salary Governoiof Oahu $3,(100
Salaiy (lovcrnbr of Maui il,C00
Salary Governess of Hawaii !J,C00
Salary Governor of Kauai 11,000
Salaiy Clerk Governor Oahu .... Sl.'lOO
Salary Clork Governor Maul.... 1,800
Salary Clerk Governess Hawaii. . 1,800
Salarv Clerk Governor Kauai .... 1,200
Salary Surveyor General 8,000
Government Surveying 85,000
Salary Postmaster General 8,000
Salary Assistant Postmaster Gen.
Clerks Poatofflcc 22,700
Mr. Knulukou said with regard to
the item of salaries for Post-Ofilce
Clerks, there were too many boys in
the Post-0lice, and also an old man
who was very slow.
The next item mail carriers $25,
000 was referred to, a select com
mittee as follows: Messrs. Kalua,
Kaunamano, Kupihca, Palohau and
Third reading of a bill to amend
Section 552 of the Civil Code relating
to the duties of Custom House
Second' reading of an Act to pro
vide for the descent of property to
the next kin. Ordered to be printed.
The House adjourn at i:15 v. m.
Tiiun&DAY, July 3.
The House met at 10 a. m.
Mr. "Wilder, from Sanitary Com
mittee, reported a petition relating
to kahunas practicing without a
license, that the same be laid on
table. Also, relating to the appoint
ing of a foreign doctor at Kalawao,
that the Board of Health is recom
mended to place a competent resi
dent physician there at once. Also,
relating to the appointing of resident
physicians at Waimcn, Ilanalci and
Koolauloa, the same be referred to
Board of Health. Also, relating
to the confinement and the discharge
of lepers, the same be laid on table.
Also, that a magistrate be appointed
for Kalawao, the same is not neces
sary. Also, relating to the Govern
ment physician at liana, the same be
referred to Board of Health. Also,
relating to the erection of hospitals, the
same be referred to Board of Health.
Also, relating to medicines being
furnished free of charge to Ilawaiians.
The President of the Board of Health
be requested to lay before the
House in printed form the instruc
tions given to government physicians.
The reports of the committee on the
above petitions were all adopted.
Minister Guliok presented a report
relating to the lighting of streets.
Laid on table.
Mr. Richardson from Revising
Committee, reported it had pleased
His Majesty to sign the resolution
appropriating $2,500 for the Postal
Money Order system with the United
Mr. G. Brown from Select Com
mittee, reported on three bills to
amend Sections 38, 45, 47,- 58, G7,
Chapter 43, relating to internal
taxes, that the same has been con
solidated into one bill. The new
bill was read a first time, and on
suspension of the rules read a - 2d
time by its title, and then referred
to Revising Committee.
Minister Gulick in answer to a
petition for a mail carrier between
Lahaina and Wailuku, presented a
communication from the Postmaster
General, which stated that the mail
service is efficiently attended to in
that district, and another mail
carrier is not required.
Mr. Aholo from Select Committee
on liquors, reported on two peti
tions relating to intoxicating liquors,
that the same be laid on table.
President Rhodes read a commu
nication from the Committee on
Fourth of July, inviting tho mem
bers of the Assembly to participate
in the celebration by attending the.
exercises and grand ball. The
Secretary was instructed to reply to
Minister Gibson offered a resolu
tion, that when the Assembly ad
journ to-day it adjourn over Friday
tho 4th inst. until Saturday the 5th
inst. at 10 a. m., out of respect to
tho celebration of independence of
the Republic of America the great
and good friend of the Hawaiian
Mr. C. Brown offered an amend
ment, that tho IIouso adjourn untU
Monday. Tho resolution as amended
The Attorney General gave notice
of bills, to prohibit tho smoking of
opium, to amend Chapter 30 Penal
Code, relating to gnming, and to
prohibit tho roaming of minor chil
dren in the streets at night.
Mr. W. O. Smith gavo notice of a
bill to amend Chapter 29 laws of
1882 relating to a ualional loan.
Mr. C. Brown read first lime a bill
relating to jurors. Read a second
time by its title and passed to en
grossment. Tho lion, member also
gave notice of a bill to amend Rule
42 of the House relating to the
Ministers voting. On suspension of
the rules the bill was read a first
The House took a recess at 12.
On rc-nssembling after recess,
Mr. Dole in support of the resolu
tion said: It is a matter of humili
ation, the necessity or proposing
such a resolution. It? ought to be
taken for granted that no circum
stances would make such a resolu
tion nccessarj as a rule. The ques
tion comes up in yespedt to tho late
resolution, a want of confidence in
the Ministry. -The acts of tho Min-
i i t rtti . I n
istcrs were on trial. xncre were -io
members without the Ministers, and
it was whether those 43 had confi
dence in the management of the
Mi ni s t r y. No one ever
doubted the Ministers had not
confidence in themselves.
The vote stood equal with the Pre
sident to decide, and we should
have ascertained whether the policy
of the Minister was right or not.
Under the technical ruling of the
President it was held over to the
discretion of the Ministers, abd I am
sorry to say they took the advan
tage. I would not have done so
under the circumstances. It is not
right for a man on trial to pass his
own opinion. "We should have found
out what was the feeling of the
House I do not know how Min
isters have acted in previous sessions.
I am sony this matter has been
brought up, no Ministry should have
done so. It is like operating so
many plugs just to keep themselves
in office. It is better for the future
that we lay the matter down in black
and white. Tt affects the future
management of this House and it is
a necessity. The present Ministry,
acting free from pressure, will say
exactly what I have said. The prin
ciple commends itself to their own
Mr. Kaulukou then spoke at con
siderable length in Hawaiian, and
moved tho resolution be indefinitely
postponed. At one point the hon
orable member was called to ol'der
by the President for being too per
Mr. Kcau moved the previous
Mr. C. Brown said the reason he
introduced the resolution, was to
save a repetition in the Legislature
of a scene which in itself was rather
disgusting. That was when four of
His Majesties Ministers decided bj'
their own vote on their own capa
bilities of administering in this
Kingdom. In previous Legislatures
this had arisen, and it was better
that the matter should be settled
once for all.
Ayes and noes were called on in
definite postponement as follows:
Ayes Gibson, Gulick", Kapcna,
Neumann, Parker, Bush, J. M.
Smith, Kaac, Walker, Macfarlane,
Kaulukou, Keau, Lilikalani, Baker,
Amara, Kaulia, Aholo, Kamakclc,
Gardner, Nahinu, Kaunamano, Pa
lohau, Kupihca, Nakaleka and Ka
Noes Bishop, Wilder, Dowsett,
Judd, Widemann, J. II. S. Martin,
F. Brown C. Brown, Kalua, Rich
ardson, Kanealii, W. O. Smith, Na
wahi, Hitchcock, Kauwila, Kau
hanc, Pilipo, G. Brown, Dole and
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE 0M POLICE
A Board of Inspectors of Oahu
Prison is recommended to make ex
aminations and publish semi-annual
reports, and to make a biennial
report to the Legislature.
A bill has passed the House es
tablishing this commission which is
to consist of the Police Judge of
Honolulu and two others to be nomi
nated by tho Attorney General and
appointed by tho Minister of the
Interior. Tho mcmbcis thus ap
pointed are to hold no other Govern
ment office and are to servo without
"Tho accommodations are insufll-
clcnt, the crowded condition of the
prison making it necessary often to
place three prisoners in a cell. There
is no suitable placo for the occupants
to lake their meals, there being
nothing but an open shed, insuffi
cient in size, without a Hour, and
having no tables of any kind ; the
water closet arrangements are in
adequate aud In a filthy condition,
and located in such proximity to the
eating place aB to bo most objec
tionable ; the bathing facilities arc
most primitive and scanty; and
oilier defects of a similar nature
indicate that decided reformation is
That some of the wants had not
been supplied, and evils remedied,
seems inexcusably, for these might
have been accomplished with but
trifling outlay, while the matter of
larger cell accomodations requires an
"We cannot pass unnoticed the fact
that since the 27th day of January
last, there has been no responsible
Governor of tho Prison in charge.
With the large number of prisoners
confined and the responsibilities in
volved, this condition of affairs is
The report is signed by W. O.
Smith, J. Kaac, S. B. Dole, Kauna
mano. C. Brown, Jos. Nawahi, P.
Neumann and Jno. O. Dominis.
Some minor differences of opinion
arc noted, and Neumann and Domi
nis think the Mounted Police should
The committee on music for the
Fourth of July had made all arrange
ments several days ago with Mr.
Yarndly to take charge of the vocal
music at the exercises. This morn
ing he sent a note saying he was
indisposed and could not attend to
it, a rather lame excuse under the
circumstances. However, our old
friend Prof. Bergcr has been engaged
to look after the entire musical pro
gramme so that nothing will be lost
by the change.
THE MOON INHABITED.
At the astronomical observatory
of Berlin a discover has lately been
made which, Avithout doubt, will
cause the greatest sensation not
only among the adepts in science
but even among the most learned.
Prof. Blendmann, in this city, has
found, beyond a doubt, that our old
friend the moon is not a mere
lantern, which kindly furnishes light '
for the loving youth and gas com
panies of our planet, but the abode
of living, intelligent beings, for
which be is prepared to furnish
the most convincing proof.
This questiQn has agitated
humanity from time immemo
rial, and has been the object of the
greatest interest. But the opinions
have always differed very widety,
and no two minds held one and the
same. Already in ancient times the
belief prevailed that the moon was
inhabited with somchigherorganized,
intelligent beings, somewhat re
sembling man, and in order to com
municate with them the earthly
enthusiasts planted rows of trecis,
several miles in length, so as to form
the figure of the Pythagorean the
orem. The .celebrated astronomer,
Schroder, in the beginning of the
present century, fancied that he
could detect places on the surface
of the moon which periodically grew
lighter and darker, and from this
fact he derived the conclusion that
the phenomenon was a proof of
existing vegetation. During the
last few decades, however, the idea
of life on the moon has been held up
to ridicule, and totally scorned by
men of learning. But, nevertheless,
it has now been proved to be correct.
By accident Dr. Blendmann found
that the observations of the moon
gave but very unsatisfactory results,
owing to the intensity of the light
power of the moon's atmosphere,
which is that strong that it affects
tho correctness of tho observations
in a very high degree. Ho then
conceived tho idea to make ' the
object-glass of the refractor less
sensitive to tho rays- of the light, and
for that porpose ho darkened it with
the smoke of camphor. It took
months of experimenting beforo he
succeded in finding his right degree
of obscurity of tho glass, and when
finally found, he then with the re
fractor took a very accurate photo
graph of the moon's surface. This he
placed in a sun microscope, which
gave the picture a diameter of 55J
feet. The revelation was most start
ling. It perfectly overturned all
hitherto entertained ideas of the
moon's surface. Those level plains
which formerly wore held to bo
oceans of water proved to be verdan
fields, and what formerly was con
sidered mountains turned out as
deserts of sand and oceans of water.
Towns and habitations of all kinds
were plahdy discernible, as well as
signs of industry and tralllc. The
learned Professor's study and obser
vations of old Luna will bo repeated
every full moon when tho sky is
clear, and wo venture to predict that
the time is not far off when we shall
know more about the man in the moon
than his being an agent in English
politics. -Ogle County Reporter.