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HTMIE UNDERSIGNED have formed
JL a copartnership under the llrm
ntimc of " SfltECKELS & Co." for the
purpose oT currying on u general bank,
ingnnil oxchango business itt Honolulu,
una" such other places in the Hawaiian
Kingdom tis may Be deemed advisable
(Signed) OLAUS Sl'KKCKELS
Win. U. II1WIN.
" F. F. LOW.
Honolulu, Jan. Htli, 1884.
Uvf erring to the above wo bog to in.
form the business public that we arc
prepared lo make loans, discount approv.
ed notes, and purchase exchange at the
best current lutes. Our arrangements
for selling exchange on the piincipal
points in tho United State, Euiope,
China, Japan and Australia aic being
made, and when perfected, due notice
will bo given. Wo shall also be prepared
to receive deposit'1 on open account,
make collections, and conduct a general
banking and exchange business
(110 3mb (sigued) SPRECKELS & Uo.
BISHOP & Co., BANKEKS,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
Bunlc ol' Oulilbiruiu, S. E
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Son, London.
The Commercial Rank Co., of Sydney,
l'ho Commercial Bank Co., of Sydnev,
The Rank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, and Wellington.
The Rank of British Columbia, Vic
loria, R. C. and Poithind, Or.
TruiiMirt uJUeneral Banking Business.
COO ly b
'tfHK DAILY KIJULdETINj
can lie had fioin
J. M. O.it, .Ir, vV Co Mcichnnt st.
T. G. Tliruni Merchant st.
Pledged to neither Scot nor Patty.
Bat established Tor the benefit of all.
TIIUKSDAY. JULY 10, 1884.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Mystic Lodge, No. 2, 7:30.
Ladies' Prayer Meeting, Fort St'
Church, at 3 o'clock.
THE KING AND POLITICS.
It has been said that the papers
drag the name of the King into poli
tics ; that this is improper and un
called for ; that it is cowardly, be
cause the King cannot answer back
and is therefore defenceless.
This is all bosh. The King has
dragged himself into politics. If
he would conduct tiie government as
contemplated by the Constitution,
and leave the power in the hands of
a responsible Ministry, as the Con
stitution directs, and take the ad
vice of his Ministers, he would not
be ''dragged into politics" If lie
would but regard the principle, that'
the Ministers should retain office so
long as they retain the confidence of
the country, and no longer, his acts
would hot 1)Q open to the criticism
that they now are. This principle,
however, seems to be disregarded
by him. His course would simply
that lie deems the appointment and
dismissal of Ministers as purely a
royal prerogative, limited by noth
ing but his own irresponsible will.
If the King would keep himself
out of politics, lie would have no
cause to complain of being dragged
in. But when lie himself steps into
tho arena, influences elections, and
takes upon himself the responsi
bility of retaining corrupt olllcials
in ollice against the protest of the
whole country, he not only lays
himself open to criticism, but it be
comes imperative upon any journal
which pretends to deal with facts, to
discuss acts which are so vital to
the well being of the community.
So long as the King maintains tho
position of n politician, we shall
discuss him as such. When he
makes the will of the people, and
not his private preference, his guide,
lie need have no fear of being
dragged into politics, nor of having
his acts criticized.
Chakm:s T. Gulick, is more and
more shoNving himself to be a poor
failure as a minister. For a number
of years prior to 1879, he was Chief
Clcrk of the Interior Department,
, but was finally dismissed for negli
gence and incompetency. One cause
which led to his removal was the
attacks made upon him by Mr. Gib
son as Chairman of tho Committee
jrf Finance in tho Legislature of 1878
Mr. Gibson condemned him severe
ly, and. denounced the minister for
permitting the Department to bo io
It was this same Mr. Gibson who,
in August of lust year, look Mr.
Gttlick to be his colleague as minister
of the department from which he
had been expelled. Mr. Gulick is a
genial gentleman and has many per
sonal friends, and it was in opposi
tion to much remonstrance that he
took office. Mr. Gibson's manner
of administering the government was
such that uo honorable man could
associate with him as a colleague
and maintain his self respect or the
respect of his fellow citizens. How
ever high Mr. Gulick's purposes
may have been when he ilrst entered
tho ofllcc as minister, he must have
soon ascertained that such purposes
could not be executed. Be that as
it may, the result has shown that lie
has completely lent himself to Mr.
Gibson's schemes. He has been a
tool in the power of a stronger will,
and has proved himself a pliable and
weak man. He has been a party to
some of the most illegal and worst
nets of the Gibson administration,
and has completely indentified him
self with the man whose name will
go down through Hawaiian history
During the first part of the session
he kept silent and appeared as a
figure head, but since the House has
come to consider the items of the
Appropriation Bill under the Interior
Department, he has been compelled
to state what policy, if any, he had ;
and he lias shown himself unfit for
the ollice. He is weak, vacillatiug
and incompetent. However good
his intentions may be, he is so in
volved in the complex schemes of
his dictator, who is devoid both of a
policy and principle, that he is a
helpless pitiful object.
The Legislature spent nearly the
whole of its time yesterday over the
matter of a provision for roads aiid
bridges. The difliculty met, and
the discussion, brought prominently
before the Assembly borne of the
subterfuges of the ministry and their
utter want of principle.
The appropriation for roads and
bridges it one of the regular items
in the bill ; it is no more omitted than
arc provision for the police force,
the Board of Health, or any other
important public need. But this
puerile Ministry omitted the item
entirely, as also other large and im
portant items. There was no mis
take, oversight or forgetfulness in
the matter, it was intentional.
His Majesty, relying upon the
representations of the Premier,
stated in his address to the assembly
that the estimated expenditures of
the coming two years would be
within the estimated receipts. So,
in order to support the statement
put into His Majesty's mouth, they
had to omit larg amounts.
The purpose was divined imme
diately by many upon the presenta
tion of the Appropriation Bill to the
house, and now the whole miserable
subterfuge is coming to light. The
ministers in their corrupt blindness
thought that they could present an
incomplete Budget, and that the
representatives, in duty to the
country, would complete it. Thus
they, the ministers would appear as
champions of economy, and the
house be responsible for the large
Appropriation Bill. "While the minis
ters omitted items of pressing impor
tance to the people, they did not
hesitate to insert liberal salaries for
new ofllces in their departments, ami
to ask for large increases in salaries
The duty of the ministers to pre
sent to the House a financial budget,
containing all the estimated expen
ditures necessary for defraying tho
expenses of the government for the
new biennial period, is expressly re
quired by the constitution. It is the
expression of the policy of the gov
ernment, and is not optional with
th'cni, but is one of the most impor
tant duties of the minister of Finance.
Of course every one knows that the
present minister of Finance is in
capable of performing this duty, but
the other members of the Cabinet
should have attended to it.
Tho conduct of the ministers met
with severe and merciless condem
nation in tiie House, and the item
together with other similar items was
referred back to tho ministers for
them to report proper estimates.
The Bpcctuclo of theso grovelling
prcvarientitig ministers is humiliating.
TIIE OCEANIC SUBSIDY.
In addition to the privileges al
ready granted them, the Oceanic
Steamship Co. ask of this Govern
ment an annual cash subsidy of
$18,000, or 2,000 a trip. The
question resolves Itself info two
parts. First, can we afford, as a
business investment, to pay such a
a large subsidy. Second, under the
circumstances, is it a wise policy to
pay any subsidy to this Company.
In answer to the first proposition,
we would answer most emphatically,
that the country cannot afford to
pay such a subsidy or anything like
it. Our national debt has been
increased during the last biennial
period, over 8800,000. The decline
in value of sugar during the past
year is about $30 per ton, which on
the total estimated crop of $G0,000,
is a shrinkage in value of $1,800,
000. The decline in the value of
sugar, will decrease all sugar prop
erty in value, and the assessments
of cane land and growing cane will
neccessarily bo at a lower rate than
it was last year. This means a
large decrease in the revenue, which
must be provided for in same way.
The advantages specially claimed
for the Oceanic Company, arc that
it affords better accommodations for
passengers, and that mails arc
delivered oftcner than by other lines.
Admitting these arguments to be
true, is the advantage derived by
the general public by reason there
of, worth $-18,000 per annum. We
think not. The matter of better
accommodation is more or less of a
luxury from which the vast majority
of tax-payers receive no benefit;
$'18,000 "a 3Tcar is paying too dear
for the difference between the pas
senger accommodation of. the P. M.
S. S. Co. and the Oceanic. As to,
the carrying of the mails, the
Oceanic Company delivers them
more regularly than we have had
them before, but with the monthly
Pacific Mail boat, and the large
number of packets between here
and San Francisco, the advan
tage is certainly not worth
$1,000 a m o n t h. Like the
passenger accommodations the
service is superior to that hitherto
in existence, but $48,000 a year is
paying too dear for the whistle. It
is said that there is not 'business
enough to warrant the continuance
of the line without a subsidy. The
answer is, that there is not business
enough for a steamer of the size of
the "Mariposa" or "Alameda" leav
ing every two weeks, but there is
business enough for a monthly
steamer all the year round. This is
a fact which the Oceanic Company
knew perfectly well before they
began business. Because for a part
of the year there is more than suffi
cient for one steamer, the company
put on two, and took their chances
at getting their expenses paid during
the slack period bjT the general
Another objection to the subsidy,
is that it simply ignores the P. M.
S. S. line, which connects us with
Australia and New Zealand, and
will deprive us of the benefits of
direct communication with those
countries. The Oceanic Company
has bought or bluffed the old line
off, for its own personal advantages,
and not in the interests of the public.
But independent of the dollars and
cents question, the subsidy should
be refused on broader grounds. Who
ever tho Oceanic Company may con
sist of, Claus Spreckels is the domin
ating power which controls its
actious, .and we cannot afford to do
anything which shall increase his
power. The spirit which he has
shown is utterly inconsistent with
freedom of trade or of opinion. So
long as there is no opposition to his
will, everything is lovely, and iu his
way, ho is generous. His favorite
argument is, "do what I say or I
will ruin you. ' ' Less than two years
ago one of the planters declined to
to sell his crop to Mr. Spreckels,'
stating that he preferred to place it
on the open market. Immediately
Mr. Spreckels flew into a fury ; de
clared that tho planters were flght
mg him, but that ho would beat
them; that ho would break tho
treaty ; and ho left tho Islands with
that threat on his lips. Tho offend
ing, planter was upbraided on every
hand as a traitor to his country and
a public enemy, and eventually came
fn to line and sold his sugar at con
tract price to Mr. Spreckels. The
man who now asks this commu
nity to pay him $48,000 a year to
help run his steamers, without condi
tion on his part, is tho one who by
collusion with a corrupt Ministry lias
been enabled to pocket over $100,000
by his coinage contract, at the ex
pense of the tax payers, of whom he
now asks a favor. Ho is the man
who tried to railroad the infamous
bank charter through tho Legislature,
and who is now personally on the
ground to engineer the same thing
in another form. IIo is the man who
has over and over again exerted a
debasing and demoralizing influence
in our politics, and who gave orders
to his plantations at the last elec
tion, to work in favor of the govern
ment ticket. Had his orders been
successfully carried out, there would
have been no investigation and the
present Finance Committee Report
would never have seen the light.
Citizens of Honolulu and of the
Hawaiian Islands, we cannot afford
to place any additional power in the
hands of a man who already has the
crushing power of a monopoly ; who
already says to us, you shall sell
your sugar to me, and ship it in my
ships, or I will ruin you ; who is
now the power behind the tin one,
overshadowing the lawful incumbent,
and making and unmaking cabinets
at will. What we must do is to
resist this power in ovciy way that is
possible, if we would retain any of
the freedom which is still left lo us.
Wj:i)xi:si)ay, July 9 Continued.
Mr. Isenbcrg said I nm sorry to
find that all the items iu the Appro
priation Bill have been passed as
they came in. 1 thought the figures
would have been cut down. There
is no way of getting the revenue but
from sugar and rice. I have just
icturned from the Coast and fiud
that both are very low in the market,
and likely to be for some time to
come. The expenditures before the
House arc nearly as much as the
income. Arc they going to borrow
and run in debt? I do not agree
with the Appropriation Bill. It
should have been cut down 20 per
cent, from the King's salary down
wards. Minister Gibson said, the Hon.
Nobles were giving good reasons
that the items should be referred as
proposed. If the House has to go
in for extraordinary measures, it
must be provided for by extraordi
nary measures, and not hy ordinaiy
Mr. W. O. Smith asked, if the
road and bridge matter was an ex
Minister Gibson That is only one
of the many items I am alluding to.
The Hon. Noble who spoke last has
just returned from the market, and
speaks seriously on tiie present aspect
Mr. Bishop said, the time is past
when the Ministers have no opinions
about expenditures of the country,
and are unwilling to take any respon
sibility. This thing, (the Appro
priation Bill) is presented to the
House as a Budget, called for by
the Constitution. What is under-"
stood by Budget? It is what the
Ministers lccommend to be passed.
Does any one believe that the Gov
ernment would have wished to have
had it passed as it is? Why have
they under the circumstances, pro
vided for new offices and the raisins
of salaries? In- 18G1 it was pro
vided that the Minister of Finance
should present a Budget. They did
so, and put in everything that they
thought was wanted and were able
to pay for. This document is put
in as an intention to economise, so
that if tho appropriation exceeds tho
revenue, tho responsibility will rest
with tho House. It is a clear in
stance of tiswiming a virtue and
having it not. The Budget is one
of the most important parts of a
Minister of Finance's duties.
Mr. Kalua moved that the con
sideration of tho balance of the
items in the Interior Department be
Minister Gulick then got up and
made statements showing why tho
twelve Items should be referred to n
Special Committee. Ho said esti
mates were all ready in his ofllcc.
Mr. Smith asked him why he
didn't bring them in?
Mr. Dole said, I support Mr. Ka
lua's motion. This Assembly has
never been treated before in this
waj' by a Hawaiian Ministry. I am
much relieved by the Minister stat
Iug he has mado estimates, as this
morning he said lie could not make
them, whatever mistakes were made,
they had never made the mistake of
not defining their policy in tho Ap
propriation Bill. It is the policy of
this Ministry that there will be no
roads or bridges made or repaired
during the next two years. That is
the logical conclusion to arrive at on
reading this bill. What is 'the use
of paying $19,000 for Road Super,
visors if nothing is appropriated for
roads and bridges. Did any one
ever sec n more inconsistent Appro
priation Bill than this? I believe the
Ministers have no policy except to
hold on to their positions and shirk
responsibility because they have
gone against their policy by raising
salaries. It seems to me they have
not moral courage lo shoulder large
appropriations, and are trying lo
throw the responsibility on to the
The motion to postpone the
balance of tho items in the Appro-
priation Bill was lost.
The motion to return the bill to
the Minister of Interior to be amended
was Carried. -
The Committee rose and the House
adjourned at 3:45 i m.
Thursday, July 10.
The House met at 10 a. m.
After prayer b the Chaplain,. the
minutes of the preceding day were
read and adopted.
Mr. Kcatt, on suspension of the
rules, presented a petition from the
district of Honolulu, that the Chi
nese Theatre be moved lo some
more suitable place, the noise pro
ceeding from it being a great nui
sance to the neighborhood. Re
ferred to Judiciary Committee. .
Mr. Kalua from Committee on
Miscellaneous Petitions, reported on
a petition introduced by Mr. Na
hinu, that $1,000 be appropriated
for a road in Kona, the same be laid
on table ; for an English School at
South Kona, be referred to Commit
tec on Education; also for a Gov
ernment pound at Kona, be inde
finitely postponed. The report of
the Committee was accepted.
Mr. Palohau gave notice of a bill
to amend Section -1, Chapter G2, of
the Penal Code relating to lepers.
Mr. Amara moved that a bill to
amend Section 498, Civil Code, re
lating to tho districts of Koolauloa
and Waialua, be taken from the
table and made order of the day at
an early clay. Carried.
Mr. Pilipo read first time a bill to
amend Article 20 of the Constitu
ion, relating to records. Read at
second time by its title and referred
to Judiciary Committee.
Mr. Palohau offered a resolution
that the pay of tho Interpreter be
increased to $15 per day from the
commencement of this session.
Mr. F. Brown moved as an
amendment that the Secretary be
Mr. W. O. Smith iroved the
resolution be indefinitely postponed.
He had the greatest respect for the
interpreter, but he has the pajr which
lias been given at previous sessions.
The motion to indefinitely post
pone was carried. '
Mr. C. Brown gavo notice of a
bill to amend sections 5G and 69 of
the Civil Code.
Mr. Keau moved the order of the
Second .reading of a bill relating
io currency. a
Mr. Mott Smith moved the House
resolve itself into committee of the
wholo, to consider the majority re
port of the committee on currency.
Mr. Widemann moved that the
majority and minority reports be
roturned to the committee to bo
made into one bill.
Mr. Mott Smith said as this was
one of the important measures of the
session it ought to bo considered in
committee of the whole, to give every
one a chauco to speak.
Mr. F. Brown' said ho signed the
majority report, thinking that half a
loaf was better than no bread at nil.
Two of his Majesty's Ministers had
signed tho report and ho thought
that a groat achievement. Ho would
support the minority report.
The motion to consider the bill in
Committee of tho whole was carried.
Tho House resolved itself into
Committee of (he Whole, Mr.
Palohau in the chair. Tho first
section . was then read. From
and after the Ilrst day of October,
in the year of our Lord eighteen
hundred and eighty-four, the gold
coins of the United Slates of America
shall bo the standard, and a legal
tender, at their nominal value in the
payment of all debts public and
private, within the Hawaiian Kiug
dom. Mr. Mott Smith said the time has
come when it is necessary to deter
mine what we will have in future for
currency. We have drifted into a
currency which is useless. Silver is
not a coin we can use lo any advan
tage. Wo arc reduced to a currency
that lias only a fluctuating value in
our own country. The conditions of
the business of this country are such
that wo must have a currency which
we can use abroad as well as for
domestic purposes. Nine-tenths of
our business arises from our business
abroad, and therefore we must use
a coin which has a value abroad.
Taking all into consideration our
safest plan is to get a gold currency.
As the law stands at present every
debtor is obliged to pay a large
portion of his debts in gold and we
have no gold here. Wo can't pay
debts in a currency we have not got.
We must make a provision to get
gold into this country. In this con
fusion of affairs which exists I will
stale that the Oceanic Steamship Co.
has got out new freight bills, and
stipulates that freight must be paid
in United Slates gold, a proper tiling
for them to do. It is impossible to
tell the value of a fluctuating coin.
Another illustration is with regard
'to the Japanese immigration con
tract, which states that the wages
must be paid in United State gold.
People abroad don't know the value
of our coin, but the' do of United
Slates'. Whatever point in view, if
we can get on to a gold basis, it is
now our duty to do so. If we pass
the first section, it is our bounden
duty to provide the people with gold.
A number of different kinds of silver
coins are in the country to the value
of about $100,000. If we get all
this silver -and turn it into gold,
we are on the right way. I should
propose that all outstanding silver
certificates be redeemed by U.
S. gold. I think it can be dis
tributed in this wa' without any
Mr. Isenbcrg asked the Hon. No
ble how much loss would there be
in turning this silver into gold.
Mr. Mott Smith thought about 12
per cent., perhaps a little less.
Mr. F. Brown thought, that Octo
ber 1st. did not give time enough,
he would move as an amendment
January 1st., 1885.
Mr. Bishop thought this was the
most important measure 3ct brought
before the House. We ought to be
patient and careful in consideration.
It will bo time well spent if we corne
to a sound measure. It is a question
which ho discusses with great diffi
dence, it is very puzzling and a diffi
cult measure. He would second the
motion for January 1st., 1885.
Mr. Dole thought January 1st.
too late. This law going into effect
will relieve matters, especially ex
change. If so, wc should have tho
benefit at an early dale. He would
move it be made December 1st.,
The motion 'for January 1st. 1885
was carried, and the section passed
At 12 o'clock, the Committee took
a recess until 1.30 i m.
On re-assembling after recess
Section two was read.
The standard silver coins of tiie
United States of America, and tho
silver coins of the Hawaiian King
dom shall be a legal tender, at their
nominal value, for any amount not
exceeding ten dollars in any one
Mr. F. Brown moved that Section
2 of the minority report bo substi
tuted for Section 2 of tho majority
Section 2 of the Minority Report
reads as follows: The standard
silver coins of the United States of
America, and those silver coins of
like respective fineness and weight
therewith, which were lately coined