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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS,
Honolulu, llnwallau Island?.
Draw Lirliang on Hi
lttinlt of'Oilifbrtiiu, S. JT.
And their .igctils in
NEW YORK, BOSTON,. HONG KONG.
Me!M. N. M. Rothschild &Ston, London.
The Commercial Hani. Co., of Sydncj,
Tim Commercial Bank Co., of Sidney,
The Haul; of N'e Zealand: AucUlmid,
Christcliurcli, mid Wellington.
The H.mk of ItrllWh Columbia, Vlc
torln, 15. C. and I'oitliind, Or.
Transact a Ccm-ral raul:ln llmbou.
COO ly li
$- 'Tim daily miiiiiiynx
& run lie had trom
$ ' J. M.;0.it, .lr., A: Co MciflinnC.M.
T. 0. Tin urn Merchant t.
& KVJ:1Y AFTERNOON.
rio'lgsJ to neither Sect nor Tarty.
But estiMlthed for the cncSt of Ml.
THURSDAY, AUG. 28, 1881.
THIS EVENING'S D0II1CS.
Bnml, Hawaiian Hotel, 7:30.
Mystic Lodge, No. 2, 7:30.
Regular Cash Sale, at Stilus Room
of Lyons & Levey at 10 o'clock.
THE CROWNIND DISCRACE OF THE
It is a (it winding up of this session
that the cabinet should ly their own
votes force the Indemnity Hill
through the House without allowing
investigation or discussion of the
items, and without attempt at justi
fication. The hill parsed its third
reading thi-s morning, and the Cabinet
stand hijtiUti cleared of all responsi
bility for the illegal expenditure of
8174,000. Hut in the eyes of decent
and respectable men, such a course
on their part is a worse condemna
tion of themselves than any exposure1
of the objects for which the money
thus been spent could have been.
This Cabinet will go down to history
as the first one which ever stooped
.to deliberate fraud, and bribery to
smother the investigation of that
fraud. The inside histories of some
of the innocent looking items in tiie
Indemnity Hill are sullicient to for
ever condemn the Cabinet, in the
absence of anything else against
THE DEPUTY ATTORNEY-CENERAL.
Due thing that the Opposition has
accomplished is the striking out of
the Appropriation Hill on third read
ing, the proposed salary of the super
fluous Deputy Attorney-General; an
olllcer of Mr. Neumann'? creation,
whom lie consider necessary to the
nation's welfare ; that U, to the com
fort of the Attorney-General, in Unit
he can do the work which the Attorney-General
liim-clf is paid for
doing and ought to do. Although
Mr. Neumann has a clerk and De
puty at a higher salary than has ever
before been paid for similar services,
he lias employed .in additional de
puty ever since he has been in office,
at a salary of S 100 a month, al
though there is no appropriaton for
that purpose and the payment is
therefore illegal. No doubt lie will
continue to pay some body else, with
public money, to do work, which
he is paid for doing, as the
fact that there is no law allowing the
use of money for a desired put pose,
is the last thing that enters into con
sideration in the mind of a member
of the Turkey Cabinet.
THE INDEMNITY BILL.
The Ministers are expressly limited
by the terms of the Appropriation
Bill, to expending money as there
appropriated. Any expenditure in
excess, or for a different purpose
than that mentioned in the Appro
priation Hill is- illegal, and the
Minister of Finance is personally
responsible for any money which
may be thus illegally expended,
unless the Legislature shall subse
quently approve of such expendi
tures. This approval is called "in
demnifying" the Minister and the
bill is, called the "Indemnity Hill".
Such a bill is now before the Legisla
ture. It consists of 28 items rang
ing from S'JJI to S.rl,(i82.G3 and
amounts to 8171,102.-".!. It happens
at almost every session that some
matter of necessity lias arisen, or
that some needed work has run short
of money, and cabinets have taken
the responsibility of using money
for Uiose purposes, bringing in
an Indemnity Bill and a full explana
tion of the items, and the Legisla
ture lias never refused to pais (he
bill. Never before however, has
a Legislature becii asked to in
demnify a Minister to (he amount
of$171,-l02.2D nor for the number
of items now presented. Although
the bill was introduced early in the
session, no effort 1ms been made to
call it up until this the last week in
the session, and then lo the astonish
meut of every one, no explanation is
volunteered and no discussion is
allowed as to the propriety of the
various expenditures, but the Cabinet
by its own votes and those of its
whole shameless following, from
Macfarlanc and Walker up to Kama
kele and Gardner, pusscil the Hill
us a whole, without discussion,
over a motion to consider it item by
If c were to attempt to properly
characterize the small mindedness,
the meanness, the dishonesty of this
attempt to cover up their tracks on
the part of the Cabinet, the whole
available space of this paper would
be used up and then the subject
would not be half exhausted. The
fact is that there arc items in that
bill which will not bear investiga
tion, and the only way in which lo
have lliein passed without having
their full iniquity exposed, is to
crowd them through as a whole with
out allowing discussion or investiga
tion ; and that i the course which
was adopted on the second reading,
and without doubt will be success
fully adopted on its third reading.
THE INDEMNITY BILL.
The Minister of Finance is here
by indemnified and discharged from
all liability on account of the pay
ment of the following item", that is
to say :
Expe of -ttli Judicial Cir
IMirehiM' of Ordnance
Pay of .Mail Carriers
I!ullilliiir and Maintaining
Maintenance. Insine A-yliuu
.Support of I'l Noners
Kxpi'ii-e Korean Waterworks
Repairs of Wlmrve-
J. I-J2 o:t
Watei winks 2,1211 GO
New Palace 5.151 II
Expeu-e of Election ISS 2
Liiaii Act :i.005 25
Indemnity to I. MactavMi.. 2,000 00
Appropr'tiou by I'. Council.
(Sue.) ' :i,:i5l !)l
Interest on Special Loan.... 2,070 JO
Loan Act. Aug. 5, "S2 II ,052 00
hcpt 27,'7li 0,12;t 00
Indemnity of .linlil & Kapeua 1.02:! Ill
Apprnpilatiou by Cabinet
Council for Pn-t-Olllec. .. 2.0(H) ill
Incidentals, I'nicign Oillec. 100 00
(ioveriunent Ituilillngs and
llo.pltal- 5I.0S2 Oil
Miikliigiicw HomNi Bridges 10,077 57
Telegraphic and Telephonic
Coiuinunleatioii'- 7, I0S 00
DISCUSSING THE KINC.
The chronic cry of the Organ and
the Jfoopili mca ui contingent
whom it represents is "leave the
King alone. Do not discuss the
King." And wherefore should not
we discuss tho King? The King is
personally and individually responsi
ble for the continuation of the pre
sent disreputable and disgraceful
condition of affairs; why should we
beat around the bush and maintain
the fiction that Tom Dick and Harry
are responsible therefore when every
body knows that it is King and the
King only, actuated, as the vener
able President of the Assembly says
"by his own selfish desires" who is
maintaining men in ofllce who have
no honor and who arc known but
lo be condemned as Incompetents
and wilful violatosr of law, because
they are men after his own heart,
who will carry out his selfish desires
its honest men would not.
What tlioy have done is known to
the King. How they have done it is
known to the King. How they have
chocked off investigation by means
of their own votes and those of
bought and paid for olllce holders
and Government contract jobbers, is
known to the King; and yet he
maintains them in olllce and entrusts
to them the guiding of the destinies
of the nation. Is such a man to bo
religiously free from criticism, and
held to be above discussion by tho
very men who took him up out of
povctly and obscurity and placed
him in the position of trust which lie
now abuses? AVc say no! and wc
shall over continue to discuss, to
criticise and lo condemn the acts of
all public servants from the King
down, so long a9 such open, undis
guised and wanton disregard for
public opinion and the public wel
fare is manifested.
EDUCATION IN HAWAII NEI.
Education in these islands, as a
system, is yd somewhat in a transi
tion state. The state recognises,
olllcially, two languages. Both are
taught but under different rules.
One, (he Hawaiian, the people re
ceive free of direct charge to their
children. The Knglish, on the other
hand, is only taught to those able
to pay a small fee per annum. Yet
with all this disadvantage the num
ber of Government schools taught
in English lias grown from M in op
eration on March 31st 1880 to 11 in
operation on the same date of the
current year an increase of 30
schools in I years.
A movement is now on foot lo
still further increase this number by
making the Knglish schools free. If
this is done it will increase the cost
to the nation to some extent, but if
(lie people will think (he results will
justify (lie increased expenditure it
ought to be done.
The costs of schools have been
steadily increasing. From a careful
analysis of the figures supplied in
(he Hoard of Educations report to
the Legislature of 1882, the cost to
the nation, per head, of the scholars
in till the Government schools,
Knglish & Hawaiian, could not have
been much less than $17.70 per
annum for 1881 and 1882. A similar
analysis of the figures 1883-81
shows the cost to have increased to
S 18.2") per head per annum, and if
the Knglish schools arc to be made
free this will be increased.
At present scholars attending
these schools pay fees amounting lo
between $12,000 and S 15,000 per
annum. If the .-chools be made free
an addition of that amount must be
made to the appropriation at least,
as that amount is now received and
used. And then again in all proba
bility an increase of schools taught
in Knglish would result in an in
creased attendance. This would
mean an extra appropriation to pay
for teachers and buildings required.
Hut there is no doubt that this will
have to be done, if igl now, at least
in the immediate future. For at
present there are 111 Hawaiian
schools with a total of 2811 pupils
attending, and of these there are
only oil schools having anattendance
of 30 or over and none reach (o
over CO pupils; and if the cost of
these schools were fairly examined
and estimated it would be found im
mensely in excess of the value of
the work done in them.
At present our educational system
is ruled by a Hoard, and as at pre
sent constituted the members rarely
can find time from their other duties
to hold meetings for the transaction
of the educational business of the
country. The Board was constituted
as it is, we believe, to uphold (he
principle of Ministerial control.
The principle is right, but could it
not be met by the appointment of
one Minister as President ex-olllcio,
and filling the other appointments
by men of educational reputation in
our community who also possess (he
necessary executive ability to fit
them for Hoard work.
After the Hoard, and acting un
der its instructions, come the Secre
tary, the Inspector-General and tho
School Agent. Kach lias his own
sphere of duties, but these aro not
defined sharply enough from the
other, and the result is that there
are too many places from which
teachers may receive instructions.
The pay, position and promotion of
teachers are, at present, unequal in
their distribution, and the latter two
are too uncertain to render teachers
satisfied in their work. The aro no
rules publicly known which can be
appealed to in cases of dispute.
The annual public examinations of
the pupils is at present very defec
tive in method and unsatisfactory in
its results. Too much latitude is
given to individual idiosyncrasies
and,too little attention is paid to sys
tem und order.
Some improvements might, with
great benefit, be grafted on our pre
sent system. Theae for wnnt -of
space can only be indicated: For
economy's sake, the adoption in a
modified form of the 'apprentice or
pupil-teacher, system, and the estab
lishment of a good normal scltool for
training our Island talent in lite pro
fession. The adoption of a more
thorough system of Inspection and
Supervision, the regular examination
and consequent classification of all
teachers and children, by one central
body of examiners or its deputies ;
the institution of technical, indus
trial or agricultural instruction in all
schools compulsorily ; the adoption
of systematic rules known to the
public for the employment, promo
tion and payment of'all teachers, and
the institution of competitive open
examinations for Hie selection of
those Hawaiian youths sent abroad
at public expense. It would also be
as well lo increase the powers of the
present Secretary and make (he
Board more of an advisory body with
supreme power in case of appeal.
-mpl ! MWJIW.OT MW www
mv iwm Aimnn?
Vr.Dxi:iAV, Arnivr 27 Continued
An Act amending the law regu
lating victualling house licenses was
read a second lime and passed for
third reading to-morrow.
An Act relating lo communica
tions sent to foreign countries was
read a second time. It provides
that communications from tho For
eign Ofllce shall be written in both
the Knglish and Hawaiian languages.
.Mr. Kauliiknu moved the bill pass
Mr. Dole moved it be laid upon
the table. It bound the King con
trary to the constitution.
Minister Gibson considered the
objection was a pertinent one. His
Majesty's Knvoy at Moscow was
asked, when lie presented an auto
graph letter from His Majesty in
Knglish, if the native language had
been entirely discarded. A similar
question had been asked the Knvoy
to Servia by the Minister of Foreign
Atfairs there, and in both cases a
desire was expressed that such com
munications should be in Hawaiian
language, accompanied of course
with translations. These incidents
bad decided the King upon hcrc
alter writing his personal communi
cations in the native language.
Thus the chief object desired by
the author of the bill was to be
achieved without a law. If, how
ever, all communications from the
Foreign Office had to bo written in
Hawaiian, itwas unfortunate, in view
of the large number of consulates
abroad, (hat a secretary was not
provided for the Department, lo
duplicate in Hawaiian the volumi
nous foreign correspondence. He
would support the motion to lay the
bill on the table.
Mr. Dole's motion was lost, and
the bill passed to engrossment, to
be read a third time to-morrow.
The House took a recess from
12.1,'j to 1.30.
An Act to amend Aiticlc 01 of
the Constitution was rend a second
time. It provides that no insane
person or idiot, or person holding
any olllce or cinolumenL or pay from
the Government shall be eligible for
a scat in the House of Representa
tives. Mr. "W. O. Smith moved the bill
pass to engrossment. The Nobles
and Ministers hold their seats by the
will of His Majesty, and it was im
portant that the representatives of
the people should all be independent
and untrammelled. Even His Ma
jesty occupied the throno . by the
voice of tho people, and tho repre
sentatives should be above all in
fluences calculated to bias their
Legislative course. In the Domi
nion of Canada the Independence of
Parliament Act was so strict that a
partner in a printing concern receiv
ing Government patronage had to
withdraw from it before he could
hold his seat in the House of Com
mons. Members who held Govern
ment positions might vote against
tills measure, but ho was certain the
people would support it.
Mr. Kauliikou interrupted Mr.
Smith's remark about tho King's
representative position, saying lie
would bear it in mind. He was
called to order, and followed Mr.
Smith, but was repeatedly called to
order for personalities against that
gentleman and misinterpretations of
what he had said.
Mr. Richardson moved the indefi
nite postponement of tho bill.
Mr. Kalun opposed the bill, and
moved the previous question, which
Mr. Dole, the author of the bill,
availed himself of the privilege of
defending it. Members of the House
holding olllcial positions were apt to
sacrifice (lie public interests to their
private ones, and whore they did not
do so they were liable to suspicion.
While once it was necessary in these
Islands to have representatives cho
sen from the oflicc-liolding classes as
possessing a monopoly of qualifica
tions, now with the spread of educa
tion that necessity was removed. It
seemed lo him unreasonable that the
bill should 1)0 opposed.
'Tho motion to indefinitely post
pone the bill passed upon the fol
lowing division :
Ayes Gibson, Gulick, Neumann,
Bishop, Hush, Kaae, Kanoa, Walker,
Kauliikou, Keati, Liiikalani, Frank
Brown, Amara, Kaulia, Aliolo, Ka
lua, Richardson, Kanealii, Kama
kele, Gardner, Nahinu, G. Brown,
Kupihca and Nakaleka. 21.
Noes J. Mott Smith, Baker, C.
Brown, W. O. Smith, Nawalii, Kau
wila, Pilipo, Kaunamano, Dole,
Rowcll and Palohati. 11.
An Act to amend Section l, Chap
ter 30, Penal Code, relating to nui
sances, was read a second time and
referred to the Judiciary Committee.
It prohibits obstructions to traffic
on the streets and in the harbor of
all conceivable kinds, including
verandahs, balconies and telegraph
wires less than twenty feet above
the sidewalk, unmnnngahlc horses,
The Act to promote the construc
tion of a steam railway on the Isl
and of Oahu (Wilson's) was read a
third timo and passed.
At 2. to the House adjourned till
10 o'clock to-morrow.
Tiiritsn.iv, Ai.'OfsT 2S.
The House met at 10 a. m.
After the reading of the minutes,
it was discovered that there was no
quorum present. This state of affairs
lasted until live minutes to 11, when
the deadlock was broken by the
arrival of Messrs. Bishop and J.
The order of the day was taken
up, the first being tho third reading
of the Indemnity Bill.
Mr. J. Mott Smith moved an
amendment to the first section, that
tho following words be added,
"that the Minister of Finance shrill
render an account Of this sum S5-1,-082.
G3 for Government Buildings
and Hospitals to this Assembly at
its next session." He understood
that item to hnvc been explained at
the last session as for public build
ings in course of erection. The
House had no knowledge as to how
that monc3' l'nd Hccn expended up to
the close of the last period. Tho
sotting aside of public moneys for a
specified purpose and then taking
them out of the nccounts before they
are expended opens the door to a
great deal of suspicion to say the
least. It puts any Government that
practices it in an unfortunate posi
tion as regards their own characters.
This was not tho first time in the
history of the Government that the
practice had been followed. In a
former case it was a matter that was
deprecated very strongly by this
Minister Gibson interjected a com
ment upon this statement, when
Mr. Smith, continuing, said he
was not referring to this Govern
ment, It was due to this Assembly
and to future ones that moneys
should not bo expended in accord
ance with the terms of their appro
priation and that when appropria
tions aro diverted accounts of their
expenditure shall be rendered to tho
Assembly. At the last session the
Appropriation Bill was amended so
as to take away entirely from the
Ministers tho power of transferring
appropriations, and it was thought
that would act as u check against
tiny appropriation not authorized by
the bill. Tho transfer system, though.
disappointing, was followed by the
indemnity system, which was as
dangerous as the transfer system. It
was impossible for that deliberative
Assembly to pass appropriations tlmt
would meet every exigency of Gov
ernment. While, However, me as
sembly would overlook ordinary cases
of diverting appropriations in emer
gencies, it was too much to ask
members to suppoit the Government
in the misapplying of such a large
amount as this. He would have
liked to have these items explained
at length mid voted for their dis
cussion in detail the other day.
Mr. Dole understood tills wa-i
money drawn from the treasury just
before the close of the last biennial
period. Money was taken from its
ostensible purpose not expended
but kept in an envelope, perhaps
and unless that money can be ac
counted for it might be spent for
any possible purpose, or even stolen,
because it has been reported to this
House as expended for hospitals and
public buildings. He was not quite
satisfied that an account of that
money would be given next session,
but if (lie amendment carried it was
(lie best they could do.
Minister Neumann said the Audit
Act did not prohibit the withdrawal
of moneys from the general fund
which had been appropriated by the
Legislature. This was notan instance
where a Minister lias drawn funds
which were committed to his care
and placed them to his own account
in the Bank. After those contracts
had been entered into the Minister
of Finance asked him what ho should
do after the amounts were exhausted,
and ho told him to draw from the
general fund to meet those payments
Under Section 11 of the Act of
1882, creating the olllce of Auditor
General, could be found full war
rantay for everything that had been
done with reference to that 851,000.
At first it looks like a good question
to attack the Ministry on, but it
would look better if those members
had made a fair and full statement
to the Assembly. The accounts of
every transaction could be found in
the olllce of the Minister of Finance
and of tiie Auditor-General.
(The conclusion of this discussion
will appear to-morrow. The amend
ment, which was seconded by the
Attorney-General, passed, and the
bill passed as amended, and a motion
to reconsider it was lost.)
The Honolulu Stock Kxchnngc
held its regular session yesterday
. 100 110
. 125 12j
Walltiku Sugar Co
Hawaiian Agricultural Co..
Wuiinaiialo Sugar Co
Paclllc 31111 Co
Grove Ranch Plantation Co.
Star .Mill Co
l'ni'kuii Sugar Co
Halawa Sulrnr Co
Hawa'n Dell Tel. Co
Hilo & Haw. Tclo.&Telcir.Co
C. Urowcr & Co. (Mercantile) 100
K. O. Hall & Son (Limited)... 10.1
Wilder' Steamship Co
Honolulu Ice Works Co....
AVoodlawn Dairy Co
10 shares Pala Plat. Co. at 512,-!.
10 shares Wabnanalo at 100.
Oiiiidi) sale reported
10 shares li. O. Hall & Son nt $110.
Premises to Let.
THE IIOUSK and premises known as
the 'Lemon Homestead, at Ma
klkl. Possession given immediately.
Apply to F. A. SCIIAEFKK '& Co
ALL MEM11EUS of Protection Hook
and Ladder Co. Xo. 1, who aro In
ancars of 'dues will he expelled at our
next Regular Meeting, Monday, Sept. I,
without further notice, unless they nav
up. Per order, l
b0- " Foreman.
Furniture For Sale ami
Cottage to Let.
rpilE furniture In a very desirable
X Cottajro on Emilia .slri-et. i.,h,u.
lng of very nice black walnut bedroom
set, black walnut pailor set, nice draw-
Dissolution of Co-Partner-sliip.
rpiIE Co-partnership heretofore exlst
u, '"S 1iutwceii G. Eiigilng &. Charles
hmltli, doing business In this city under
tho firm namo of Engllug A; Smith, Is
hereby mutually dissolved.
Tho business will bo continued by !.
Smith, who assumes all liabllltles.'and
will collect all outstanding accounts.
,, , , G. EXOUXG.
Honolulu, Aug. 27, 1881. 80t! lw
G. II. ROBERTSON,
Drayman best teams
iiik sei, soon .stove anil llxturos, bath
tub, &e., for salo with priyilege of vent
Inn cottage, at a very cheap rent.
l'or further particulars apply at T. O.
'1 brum's Fort street store. S02 tf
Ofllce, Queen st. 15
i'iMItii .-. . i$it&4,ij M.b&Aj-Jix'dj u 'A-.,ij
j.'w mMu . .. .