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mim -i mwDii jwtiwiiuyiifiil,B9r toMMmwmW' ''T1
UUHIIOP & Co., HANKKHH,
Honolulu, Hnuailnii l-lawl
I)im Ki 1 1 1 1 1 1 u on tin
ltiiuU of CJuliloi'iilu. S. 1
Anil thi'ir .tueiitx in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, MONO KONG.
Mmin. N. M.UolhsehlhKfcSon, London.
'I'lii' Commercial Hank Co . of Sydney,
The Coinmeri.'lal Hank Co., of Sidney,
The Hank of Nov Zealand: Auckland,
Chrltohuroh, mill Wellington.
Die Hank of British Columliln, Vic
torln, H. 0. mill I'tirtliinil, Or.
Transact u General B.iuking llu-iiif.
liCU ly 1 1
TIIK DAILY UULLFNN
ran tie hail fioin
.1. M.Oit, .lr., A: Co Mciehant st.
T. H. Tlirinn Merchant st.
Slw gnUjj aUk:Hn
Pledgod to neither Sect nor Fart;.
Bat established for the oneSt of MI.
WEDNESDAY, SKIT, ,'i, 1881.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Oalin Lodute, No. 1 K. of 1 7:IS0.
Bethel Prayer Meeting, :it 7:1)0.
Fori St. Church, Prayer Meeting
St. Andrew's Cathedral, usual
services, 7 :.10.
Regular Cash Sale, at Sales Room
of Lyons & Levey at 10 o'clock.
A CALM STATEMENT.
Yesterday's Advertiser makes what
we construe to mean an attempt to
intimidate the Hru.rnx, in an arti
cle tinder the heading of "Revolu
tionary Language." Several sections
of tlie Constitution are cited, which
cleat ly define the rights and privi
leges of the People and the position
and prerogatives of the Sovereign,
but have no more applicability to the
point in question than the "excess
of males over females." Then the
IJtiu.r.TiN is accused of having said
what was said by Mr. W. R. Castle
over his own signature, and special
exception is taken to the statement
that the Sovereign is "under the
law, and even though the law pro
vides that he is not criminally res
ponsible for its violation, yet he is
responsible to the people and every
tax-payer. Every person in the
Kingdom has the right, and it is the
duty of everyone to discuss the acts
of the King." Whilst admitting that
"there are two sides to every ques
tion," and candidly confessing that
wo do not fully agree cither with the
views of Mr. Damon or those of the
several gentlemen who have icplied
to him, we are not to be gagged and
silenced by the menacing utterances
of the Advertiser. We have no wish
nor intention to be abusive or insult
ing to anyone, not even to the mean
est subject in the realm : but our
columns arc always open to a calm
and respectful discussion of any and
every subject we deem legitimate
matter for public criticism.
Touching the portion of Mr.
Castle's letter, specially objection
able to the Advertiser, whatever may
be the views of people in this little
Kingdom, it is a subject which is
very clearly defined in the laws and
literature of the greatest empire in
the world. With regard to the
amenability of the sovereign to the
laws, Collier's History of England
says, "lie is bound, as much as any
of his subjects, to keep the laws."
Respecting the right of the people
there to discuss the acts of their
Sovereign, Green's History says:
"The prosecution of the North Bri
ton, in 176-1, first established the
right of the Press to discuss public
affairs. Six years later, the failure
of the prosecution directed against
an anonymous journalist, named
Junius,' for his letter to the King,
established the right of the l'rcss to
criticise the conduct, not of Min
isters or of Parliament only, but of
the Sovereign himself."
THE WHOLESALE VETO.
Uy our Legislative Report it will
have been seen that His Majesty has
disallowed no less than nine Acts of
the Legislative Assembly. Most, if
not all, of the vetoed measures
relate wholly to the most ordinary
matters of internal government.
They involve no important state or
constitutional issues. His Majesty's
advisers certainly owe it to the pub
lic to explain why the Legislature is
made subject to such trilling with
its actions as this wholesale disal-
lowttnec of ill laws. I'iiIom the
Ministry run be compelled to ivo c
pInitalioiK of I lie extraordinary pro
cedure, there is Miinutlilng seriously
at fault in our constitution. What
makes the case utterly Inexplicable,
in the light of anything that could
be called responsible government, 1"
the fact that some of the vetoed
Acts were supported, if not intro
duced, by Ministers themselves.
I'nless, in the case of these or even
of any of the measures, His Ma
jesty was able to show his Minister'
that the enactments were at variance
with any point of the constitution,
the Ministers arc simply in the posi
tion of advisers of the Crown whose
advice has been rejected, and if
they estimated the dignity of their
positions or the interests of the
Kingdom one iota above the emolu
ments and social honors pertaining
to their offices, their resignations
would have taken place in the hour
and a half between the announce
ment of the veto and prorogation.
Some confusion lias doubtless been
created in the minds of many people
by recent discussions, as to where
the responsibility of government lay
under our system. It seem to us
that the responsibility of the Min
isters has been too much neglected
in the able discussions of royal
privileges which have taken place in
these columns. The Ministers are
necessarily responsible to the Legis
lature, for they cannot administer
affairs without its concurrence. A
rejection of the Appropriation Hill
by the Assembly would render them
helpless to carry on affairs, and the
rejection of their other important
measures would seriously hamper
them. On the other hand they are
responsible by the constitution for
the acts of the Sovereign, whose
confidence is at. the same time indis
pensable to their remaining his ad
visers, but that confidence must
be supposed to be inspired
l3' the fact of the popular approval
of their actions or course as signified
through the Legislatmc. Let us
caution the reader that we arc not
discussing the merits of our consti
tutional system or its abuses in any
quarter. What we have been coming
to in the foregoing is that the Minis
try, by their ability to carry through
the Appropriation Hill and to carry
out their policy in general, have
shown that they control .a majority
of the Legislature. Upon the strength
of that fact we have seen clainfed
for them the continued confidence of
His Majesty, and upon that ground
they must be held responsible for all
the legislation effected. Being there
fore responsible on the one hand for
the acts of the Legislature, and on
the other hand for the acts of the
King, it is impossible that they can
have the confidence of both the Leg
islature and the King at the same
time in the case we arc considering,
where a huge volume of legislation
cifcctcd under their control and res
ponsibility is summarily nullified by
the royal veto. The only possible
view of the matter to take, therefore,
is that the King has snubbed his
advisers and thus made their retire
ment the only dignified course open
to them, or that the Ministers have
been traitorous to the Legislature in
return for its confidence in them. If
they have tacitly approved of legis
lation and helped in effecting it, and
then advised the King to annul it,
they have been guilt' of treason
toward the people as represented in
the Legislature. That the Legisla
ture did not demand an explanation
of His Majesty's advisers on the
spot, when the announcement was
made of the nullification, without
cause shown, of nine Acts solemnly
perfected by it, simply shows how
feebly the pulse of freedom beats in
our body politic at this moment.
A HORRIBLE REVELATION.
In the midst of jubilations over
the return of a portion of the
Cicely Expedition from the Arctic
seas, and of great celebrations in
honor of the commander, Lieutenant
Grecly, a black shade has been
thrown over the record which can
never be removed. It having leaked
out through the communicativeness
of sailors that the survivors had
saved their lives by eating the llesh
of their dead comrades, the relatives
of Lieutenant Kislingbury had his
body, which was brought home with
the remains of other victims, ex
humed and examined by surgeons.
The result confirmed tho worst of
the lilthutlo vnguc whispering!, the
fleshy parts of the victim being
found to have been skilfully cul off
with sluup iuatiiimcuK Painful as
this revelation was lo the public,
there was a disposition to excuse the
cannibalism on account of the
desperate circumstances of the
parties to It. Suspicion have, how
ever, been raised which relied very
discreditably upon Lieutenant (.rep
ly and some of his associates, but
which it is to be hoped may be
proved groundless. Lieutenant
Kislingbury's friends profess to
have reason to attribute his death to
the fact that the members of the
expedition were divided into fac
tions, the strongest of which, headed
by Lieutenant t.reely in whose un
favorable esteem Kislingbury is
alleged to have been from the first,
secured possession of tho food sup
plies and left the others to perish.
Yet another lamentable occurrence
is added to the gloomy picture, and
that also with a corollary of dark
suspicion. Lieutenant Greely lias
made an official report to the Adjutant-General
of the Tinted States,
giving details of the execution of
Private Chailes It. Henry, Fifth
Cavalry, for continued thievery. He
had been brought up two or three
times and proved guilty of stealing
food and other things, but cacii time
Lieutenant Grecly resisted clamors
for his death. The last time, how
ever, he was delivered over to three
men for execution, which was carried
out on the sixth of last ,111110. On
the last occasion but one on which
Henry was detected in stealing,
Lieutenant Grecly expostulated with
him and pointed out what must be
done for the preservation of the
party, if the offence was repeated.
The culprit promised reformation,
but the commander, distrusting him,
issued a written order that the next
time he was caught he should be
shot. Lieutenant Grecly concludes
his report of the case by requesting
that a- court of inquiry or a court
martini should investigate the matter.
The sailors who- have been talking
with the rcpoitcrs have insinuated
that Henry was not .shot o much
for a breach of military discipline as
to fill the. stomachs of his starving
comrades, and scouted the idea that
his body was present at his funeral
that took place witli that of the
other victims. They talked of seeing
his clean-picked bones laid out on a
board on the Arctic snow. Secretary
of War Lincoln, General Hancock
and other army ofliccrs unconsciously
violated military rules by attending
the funeral of a soldier executed by
order of a court-martial. Very
much feeling lias been aroused in the
public mind against the conduct of
Admiral Nichols and Commander
Schley in attempting to conceal the
facts of the execution. It was only
Grccly's official report that com
pelled the divulgence, up to its ap
pearance those olllccrs having denied
the truth of the rumors that had
been set afloat. Until an expedition
can be despatched which shall be
invincible against such horrors, the
world will hardly want to hear of
further Arctic exploration.
It is with deep regret that we
announce the death of Mr. David
McCartney, Jr., which took place
last evening about 11 o'clock, from
malarial fever, with symptoms of
typhoid. He was at business as
usual on Thursday, but was com
pelled to take to his bed the follow
ing day. The deceased was a native
of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and came
to these islands a little over three
years ago. Ho was first connected
with Palmer & Co., and afterwards
with Hollister & Co., at one time
managing their Fort Street Store.
Latterly he has been a member of
the firm of Benson, Smith & Co.
lie was highly respected by everyone
he came in contact with. In musical
circles he will bo greatly missed,'
being possessed of a very line
baritone voice, which has often
given great delight to Honolulu
audiences. The deceased, who was
only 27 years of age, leaves a widow
who has the sympathy of the entire
community. The funeral takes place
this afternoon at 4 o'clock from his
late residence, Bcretania street.' The
.services will be conducted by the
Rev. George Wallace.
The net profits of tho Suez canal
for 1883 reached 30,000,000 francs.
REMENYI AS A SOLDIER.
An old comrade of Hip Hungarian
violinist wrilci us follow. "Edou
it ill Uemrnyi N n Hungarian by
hit Ih and education, He enlisted
as it "oldier (Ilonved) in IK IK, ami
fought brilliantly. Up became an
aide-de-eanip to General Gorgey
when Hip latter wits appointed commander-in-chief
of (he hern army of
Hungary. The writer, was nidc-dc-camp
aNo, and with ranked Remenyi.
We all loved and admired Romenyi
o much that we used to drive him
away from the fields of battle in
order to pare the world 11 master
piece of creation in music. Inci
dentally I will mention that on the
11th day of July one of the
bloodiest Atistro-lJussian and Hun
garian battles Gorgey forbade
Hemonyi lo follow us. Remenyi
followed us, nevertheless, and ap
peared among us in the white heat
of the conflict. Gorgey, on noticing
him, ordered two hussars lo drag
him off the bloody field under arrest.
"What Remenyi is now as a
musician I leave an intelligent pub
lic to judge. But I will ineiition
that, though at the time only a littlp
lieutenant of sixteen milliliters,
Remenyi used to delight us old
veterans, and make our hearts gay
and brave for the next day's fray.
His playing 011 the violin is a bou
quet of the most beautiful llowers."
LATE" F0REICN NEWS.
Fourteen border outlaws were
recently captured by a combined
force of Americans and Mexicans on
the line between the two countries.
Masked men attacked Mormon
missionaries in Lewis county, Ten
nessee, and in the scrimmage that
followed seven persons were killed,
including two Mormon ciders and
one of the attacking party.
At Chattanooga, Tennessee, a
duel took place between a young
man named Staples and Will II.
Rogerson, from Cleveland, Ohio, on
account of a slur cast upon the latter
by Staples, who was a cripple, and
both were shot dead at the first fire.
The Irish League Convention met
in Boston 'on August 14th. The
accounts stood auditing and showed
that S2!I,7G2 had been remitted to
lieland, leaving a balance of $12,
707. Father Canato, Treasurer of
the Parnell fund, reported that
$17,GG8 had been received and sent
to Ii eland. A letter from Michael
Davitt, one of the Irish agitators,
was received with an outburst of
applause. A scries of resolutions
were passed, congratulating the
people of Ireland and their leader,
Charles Stcwait Parnell, upon the
progress made during the year in
"placing the people of Ireland on a
higher plane, and securing for them
and their natural rights more adequate
consideration from the intelligence
of mankind; pledging tlie Conven
tion's moral and material support to
the struggle for Irish rights and
independence ; affirming the purpose
of carrying out a national policy for
Ireland, to Include the revival of
Irish manufactures and the exclu
sion of English goods ; expressing
unqualified approval of the course
of Parnell and the Irish Parliamen
tary party led by him ; congratulat
ing the American Irish League
for its success in having the
tide of pauper emigration to
America stemmed, and upon having
its opposition to land-grabbing
by aliens adopted as the doctrine
of the American people; noting with
approval the increased study of the
Irish language ; approving of efforts
in regard to Irish colonization in
America, and making personal
reference to William O'Brien, of
the United Ireland newspaper, the
olllccrs of the League and the late
Rev. Lawrence Walsh. Among the
speakers at the Convention were
'Messrs. Thomas Sexton and William
E. Redmond, members of the British
Parliament. Sexton in his speecli
said, "The next election will be
fought, not between Orangemen and
Nationalist ; it will be between
Ireland and England." At an
oratorical demonstration made in
connection with tho Convention
General Butler, candidate for Presi
dent of the looso fish generally, was
present. Mr. Cleveland, Democratic
candidate, sent a letter of regret at
being unable to accept the invita
tion to attend.
Tho America Political Alliance is
one of (lie factions going to take a
hand in the Presidential election,
it doctrine I "America for AmcrN
runs only," Its object lo prevent
any but Americans fiom holding
public nlllcu of any kind. Captain
Ellsworth, chairman of Hip executive
committee, says the membership of
the orders is more than 170,000, ami
they p-ppct to get General Grant lo
accept their nomination for 1 tic
For the month of August, 1881 :
Under t jear.... I! Fiom 80 to-10... (i
From 1 to ,1 1 1'ioin 40 toiiO... fl
Fiom r lo 10.... :i Pi oiii r.O loliO... :i
Pi 0111 10 to 20... 2 Pi 0111 00 to 70... B
From SO lo 0... (I Over 70 !1
Males,. ...27 Females HI
Hawaiian 28 8 S Islanders.... 0
Chinese I Great Hritaln... 1
Portuguese :i U.S. America... 2
Oilier nations '-'.
c.u'sr. or iii'.atii:
Accident !l Fever 1
Ileiilicrl 2 Leprosy I
Cancer 1 .Meningitis 1
Child Hlrll 1 Old Ago It
Consumption .... I Opium 2
Convulsions i Paralysis 2
Dysenterv 1 Scrofula 1
Disease of Heait 1 Syphilis 1
Debility I Tuberculosis.. .. 1
Number iinnttcmU'd HI
rOMI'AUATIVi: MONTHLY MOUTALITY:
Aug 1878 28 Aug 1881 Ill
Aug 187!) (!!) Aug 1832 It.".
Aug 1SS0 48 Aug 1 88U Ii(i
Aug 1881.... 10
J. II. Bnow.v,
Agent Board of Health.
THE WORLD'S FAIR.
The Southern Pacific Railway
grants free transportation for Cali
fornia exhibits at the approaching
World's Fair in New Orleans. If
the Hawaiian Government has any
intention of having this country
represented at the Exposition, as a
speech in the Assembly by Minister
Gibson seemed to declare, it may
not be too late to secure a like
Tin: Morning Guide a lly-shcet
issued five days in the week to the
subscribers of the Saturday Press
is a blind guide in syntax if the fol
lowing sentence from ycstcrdaj''s
issue is a fair sample: "The horses,
and Morse's near leg acted with the
elasticity of a spring cushion at a
very slight angle, caromed against
a big, slippery rock and went heels
over head down the bank." The
author of "An Act to organize"
must look out, for he has a danger
ous rival in this annalist of the ad
ventures of Capt. Morse. '
Engine Co. No. 2.
OEGULAR MEETING of Mechanics
J Euglno Co. No. 2, will take, place
Sept. Ilrd, at 7;'i'J sharp.
Z3T Full attendance is requested, as
Important business will bo brought be
fore the meeting.
FRANK HUSTAOE, Foreman.
A QUARTERLY MEETING of the
Trustees of tho Queen's Hospital
will be held nt the room of the Chamber
of Commerce, on FRIDAY, the ."itli Inst,
at tl u. in. For Order,
P. A. SOHAEFER, ,
Honolulu, Sept. !), 1S!M. 007 lit
Friday Evening, Sept. 5th,
MISS 1IATTIK DOWXTXO,
.HIS. ItlllMMil'U IIIMMKIt,
MK. 1SA1MHCK litrtiltSTOXK,
Solo Piniibl mill Musical dheclnr
Tickets ran lie
McOrew, Mrs. O.
hud f i oin Miv. J. S,
H. Iiis-lio';, anil at
A SUIT OF PHONT BOOMS, nicelv
furnished. Annlv at No. tt Kuku'l
.1 UST JLClOCldl V 10 1
, rim: ut ok
Second Growth Ash and Oak
For side nt lowel market iiilci
AIo .1 coinpb'lH Mock of
Carriage & Wagon Material
constantly kept on liiiml, nn, I
Tin, Coptior and Sheet Iron Worker
Plumber, Gas Fitter, &o.
Stoves and Jiang en
of all kinds.
Plumbers' stock and metals,
House Furnishing Goods,
7? Chandeliers, Lamps, fee.
Cabin oOma K'or
No.GH Hotel MieH,
Opposite Inlrrr.iitloiml Hotel,
Canes and Walking Sticks,
Mmle of every kind of
Ilraekels, Cornices, Curtain Poles, &c,
niiiile ot Ibc latest designs.
Honolulu Steam l'hmlng Mills, Espla
Manufactures. :ill kinds qf Mouldings,
Brackets, Window Frames, Blinds,
Sashes. Doors, and nil kinds of Wood
work finish. Turning, Scroll ami Hand
Sawing. All kinds of Sawing anil Pliii
mg, Morticing anil Tenanting.
Orders promptly attended to ami work
guaranteed. Orders from th6 other Is
Two Young; Men
DESIRES SITUATIONS. Cm do
tough work of any kind. Apply
to .1. E. Wiseman, General Huslucss
Agent, 23 Merchant st 805 fit
Dv. J. M. Whitney
WILL UE ABSENT fr
Sept. 1st to Sept. 2
from town from
9th. 80U lw
Promises to Let.
rPHE UOUSi: and prenibcs known as
JL the "Lemon Homestead, at Ma
klkl. Possession given Immediately.
Apply to P. A. SCUAEPEH .fc Co
Notice to Consignees.
The Am. bark " CEYLON,',
liarston, muster, from Hong
kong, is now readv to ills.
chnige her camo. and con.
signees are requested to present their
bills of lading, pay freight, and take
oidcrs for their goods.
C. IlllEWEK & Co.,
S00 lw Agcnlsbk Ceylon.
Dissolution ol Co-Partnership.
rpiIE Co-partnership heretofore exist
JL big between G. Engliiu; &, Charles
Smith, doing business In this city under
the linn naino of Engllng & Smith, Is
hereby mutually dissolved.
The business will be continued by (J.
Smith, who assumes all liabilities, and
will collect all outstanding accounts.
Honolulu, Aug. 27, 1881. 802 lw
MH. P. A. DIAS having made an
assignment of his propeily to Mr.
J. IIYMAN for the bcncllt of his credi
tors, all parties having any claims
against Mild Dlus aie requested to pre.
sent them to tho undersigned at the olhce
ofllyman Brothers, within thirty davs
from tills date.
Honolulu, August 20th, 1881. 781 lm
ATVJN II. KASEMANN
PAPER-RULER and BLANK-BOOK
Bonk Binding of all description neatly
and promptly executed.
Gazette Building . . Merchant street
G. II. ROBERTSON.
Drayman best teams
Olllce, Queen st. 15
Seasoned Algeroba Wood.
AnOUl' TWELVE CORDS or this
excellent wood for sale by Oalm
College. May he teen on the grounds
800 lw W. O. MERRITT.
JEJXOS &; CO.
NO. H E(iii; wtioet,
HNI3A.ll TllJiJ mti ix.-io.
Has Home dried
CALIFORNIA FISH !
!) cents per pound.
Bucota ami Skip-Jack,