Newspaper Page Text
Hi, iihiffTriia-',Wfllir''Tnprr l.wqp1 "' " ' HP u """"i"!"1 '' "
The Justices of till! SupiClUe Omit
haw tliln day nppoinlcit Ilr.xnv 1'. Point
to be Second Deputy t'lcik f Mild Omit.
By the Court.
WILLIAM FOSTER, Cloik.
' Honolulu, Oct. 1st, 1831. 831 lw
'BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Hands.
Draw Exchange on the
I tunic ol'Culll'oniln, S. X
And their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Mesr.s. X. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial H.mk Co., of S.dne,
The Hank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Chiitchuioh, and Wellington.
Tho Hank of British Columlil.i, Vic
totia, 15. C. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Hanking Business.
OHO ly h
THE lAILY KITIiliKTIX
can he had fiotn
J. M. O.U, .lr., & Co Meichant st.
T. G. Thrum Merchant st.
And from the P.iper Carrier-,
Fledged to nelthor Sect nor. Party.
Hut tsUbllsheJ for the loneSt of nil.
FRIDAY, OCT. ."., IR8I.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Annual Meeting, L. & U.K.. 7:.'l()
Imp. Order of Ked Men, at 7 :.S0
Morning Star Lodge, Kofi. 7:30.
THE BRITISH SCIENTISTS. NO. 2.
Lord Knylcigh, the President, in
his opening address, took up the
important question of the power of
ships to force their way through the
water. He referred to the experi
ments of the late Mr. Fronde, proving
-that the only appreciable lesistanco
offered to a fairly-shaped body in
passing through the water was the
resistance caused by friction on the
"skin" of the vessel, and, incases
of high .speed, the loss of energy
from the sin face waves caused by the
ship herself. Mr. Fronde has proved
the truth of Hankinc's statement,
which was greeted with such sui
pric twenty yo.irs ago, that fiiction
is the only legitimate resistance to
the progress of a well-designed ship ;
but the nature of skin friction is
diffei cut according as the surface N
' rough or smooth ; but there is no
' reason to think that a surface could
be constructed so smooth that there
would be no friction whatever. These
results of scientilio investigation aie
'.commended to our ship-wiights and
boat-builders, sis disposing of some
superficial notions that are practi-
Ig'-'eally illustrated in the emasculated
models of many kinds of craft,
which fail in yielding the speed
sought by narrowness and sharpness,
because by going deeper they present
more "skin" or surface to the
water than more corpulent-looking
hulks. An evidence of the correct
ness of this scientific conclusion,
which Lord Knylcigh is not reported
to have cited, is recent in the case
of an Atlantic steamship we forget
name and line built upon a stout
model, winch in her initial trip this
year made the best time on rccoid.
Then theie are the old-fashioned,
squat river paddle-boats of New
.York, which made about double the
speed attained by the average slim
propellers of to-day. Experiments
"made by Mr. Tower for the Institute
of Mechanical Engineers, on the
r. liiiiwii uuLniuu wuuil suliiv;uo,
f .....4 . .... l.rti .il.. sx.lrwl t ..tir.wi.-tn
show that when the oiling is sulll
cient, the friction is nearly inde
pendent of the load, and much
smaller than is usually supposed.
When the layer of oil is well
iformed, the pressuie between the
gjplid surfaces is really borne by the
Klluid, and the woik lost is spent in
,shcering, that is, in causing one
stratum of the oil to glide over
another. Coming to the question of
Coptics, Lord Knylcigh rcfei led to a
'"question that happens to be now
engaging the attention of contri
butors to the JItncuiitm Monthhi.
lYAbbcy, Langley and Hocquerel had
jjbeeu experimenting, and Langley
Eftshows that if we could get np above
Rour atmosphere the sun would have
a ilecidcdly bluish tint. He des
cribed a beautiful plan by which
, , . . , j y. .
Cornti ,is nblo to discover whether
any particular ray of light is due to
the sun or to our ittmosiihciu. Kc
gurdlng tltc velocity of light, Young
anil Forbes had come to tho conclu
sion that the blue rays travelled two
percent fatter than the red. Hut
Michelson has airhed nt tltc conclu
sion that no difference of anything
like that exists. The actual speed
of light may be taken as about 186,
200 miles per second. I'pon this
branch of his subject the Pi evident
observed that it was leinaikublc how
many of the playthings of our child
hood gave lisc to questions of the I
deepest scientific intcicst. The top
is, or may be, understood ; but a
complete couipichcnsion of the kite
and the soap bubble would carry us
far beyond our present stage of
knowledge. In spite of the admira
ble investigations of Plateau, It still
remains a mystery why soapy water
stands almost alone among fluids as
a inaleiial for bubbles. The beauti
ful development of color was long
ago ascribed to the intcifcrence of
light, called into play by the gradual
thinning of the film. In accordance
with this view the lint is determined
solely by the thickness of (lie film,
and the refractive index of the fluid.
Some of the phenomena arc, how
ever, so curious as to have led ex
cellent observers like Brewster to
l eject the theory of thin plates, and
to assume the existence of various
kinds of coloring matter. When the
thickness of a film falls below a
small fraction of the length of a
wave of light, the color disappears
and is icplaced by an intense black
ness. ProfcsMits Ueinold and Kuckcr
have by two independent methods
determined the thickness of the black
film to be between seven and four
teen millioulhs of a millimetre (a
millimetre being about onc-thiiticth
pai t of an inch ), o that the thinnest
films concspond to about one-seven-tielh
of a wave length of light. The
impoitancc of these results, in regard
to molecular theory, the President
observed, is too obvious to be insisted
HOW OREGON WAS WON.
The Chicago fnter-Ocmn tells a
graphic story of the way in which
Oregon fell into the Union instead
of into British possession. Prior to
1812. the United States and England
weic in joint occupation of the Ore
gon region. It was generally un
derstood that the country would be
English or American, according to
the tide of immigration. The Hud
son Kay Company, a Kritish char
tered company, occupied Fort Walla
Walla as a trading post. In 183(1,
Dr. Marcus Whitman and his part
ner. Spaulding, with their wives,
went to Oregon under the auspices
of the American Hoard. In Octo
ber. 1812, Dr. Whitman was called
on a professional errand to Fort
Walla Walla, twenty-live miles from
his home. At his arrival the Com
pany was holding a trade banquet,
iir.d he found himself the solitary
American at the feast. In the midst
of the festivity, an express
courier rushed into the fort and
shouted that :iu English colony of
MO persons was on jts way up the
Columbia. A young Englishman
excitedly jumped to his feet and ex-
"Hurrah for Oregon!
is too late ! We have got
the country!" As soon as possible
the doctor excused himself and,
mounting, was in two hours before
his cabin door upon his foam-llcckcd
stccd. He made known the Emrlish
plot before dismounting, and his
determination to set out for Wash
ington and return the next sum
mer with it caravan of immigrants.
None could dissuade him ; he must
go; the Wcbstcr-Aslibui ton Treaty
was pending; the Oregon question
must be settled before Congress
adjourned on the 1 Lit of March;
Oregon must be saved! In less
than twenty-four hours he was in
the saddle, galloping for "Washing
ton and Webster," attended by n
select companion and a guide.
Home midwife were behind him;
winter and 1,1100 miles boforo him.
The story of his Journey thiough
wood and wilderness, over mountain
and river, cannot be excelled in an
equal amount of fiction for deter
mination, endurance, heroism and
pluck. His guide and companion
both were left by the way. Once
ho was saued from death by the in
stinct of a mule, that led its driver
to his rescue when he was lost in
the snow. All along the way -lie
scattered Illinois of an immense
emigration to Oregon in the .Spring.
"Meet us at Wc9tpovt on tltc Mis
souri next June good wagon road,"
was his cry in every settlement
when ho had got half-way, after
three months in tho saddle. He ar
rived in Washington on March :ird,
just live months from the day when
he spurred down (he valley from
Foit Walla "Walla. The treaty had
been signed and proclaimed as ihc
law of the land two months before
he had set out, and ratified while he
was lost in the mountains
weather-beaten, frost-bitten man
was, however, not going to have his
four thousand miles' ride for noth
ing. He rode about Washington,
proclaiming a great Oregon emigra
tion as he hud done through the
mountains and valleys. President
and secretaries became infected with
Ids enthusiasm. The British Pre
mier proposed to hold Oregon for
English emigrants. If Marcus Whit
man could get his emigrants there,
Daniel Webster proposed likewise
to stand by llictu. On the banks of
the Missouri in June, people were
gathering from the north, cast and
south. Jt must have been a proud
moment for the doctor when he saw
200 wagons wheeled into line, with
87.) emigrants and 1,."00 cattle
headed for the distant, lmlf-mythi-cal
Oregon. The Government de
tailed Captain John C. Fremont,
with several companies, as an escort,
but the vigorous doctor preceded his
escort by forty-nine days. Eleven
months from the day when he set
out. he returned lo his home.
flliiri. f.illriwAfl lifin inln llinl
.splendid valley in little companies,
and in long, weary file, jaded and
battered, and mended after moun
tain style, 200 emigrant wagons.
They emptied their families here
and there, the women and children;
and scattered all about were cattle
and dogs, while lank backwood-men,
with the inevitable rillc. lounged and
strolled. And they continued to ar
rive even after the light snows of
the country had come. It was the
army of occupation for Oregon.
The question was settled ; Oregon
was saved, and in three years made
the subject of a satisfactory treaty.
Kut alas! for her savior and his
noble wife! November 29, 1817,
and about a year after the treaty,
tlicy were massacred by the In
dians." TWO CARRIACE ESTABLISHMENTS.
Mr. W. II. Page's carriage manu
factory at 128 and l.'IO Fort street
dividing those premises with the Ho
nolulu Caningc Repository, owned
by Mr. F. .1. lliggins is one of the
first of the kind in the Kingdom. As
Mr. Page, the proprietor, and Mr.
lliggins arc affiliated in business al
though not in partnership, it will be
convenient for us to speak of the
two establishments at once. Enter
ing the yard, as may be done from
cither Fort or Union street, a great
array of deiclict vehicles first attracts
the attention from the lumbering
omnibus to the simplest sort of cart.
It is not necessary to be told that an
extensive repairing business is done,
for a more miscellaneous collection
of wheeled craft, waiting to have
every conceivable kind of damage
remedied, can nowhere else be seen.
There is also some new work out in
the yard, awaiting the finishing pro
cesses or ready for delivery. Here
is Mr. Fassett's break, broad, strong,
and well-rcinforccd for the burly
form it must whirl over the rough as
well us smooth ways of Honolulu.
A California buck-board, built on
the premises for Mr. James Gay,
displays some excellent original
points in improvement of that popu
lar class of rig, to make it suit the
requirements of its owner. It lias
leather dash-board and top, is fur
nished with removable curtains and
boot which ensure entire immunity
of the occupants from rain, and has
u comfortable, adjustable foot rest
for the lady's use. Our reporter
wns a ilav or twn Inn lain in ins.nnpl
, , .
ft very iiaiulsomo cut-under phaeton,
made to the special order of II. K.
II. Princess Liliuokalani. A wagon
ette for the Fashions Stables, seat
ing ten persons, is also a recent
master-piece of this factory, remark
able for strength and style. Before
leaving the yard we must not neglect
a thing of heauly, as well as of
utility, in tho shape of n vast spread
ing shndo tree, under which work is
done with greater comfort than under
a roof. Inside a shed finished woik
of various classes is stored, one arti
cle being a San J.candro village cait
(top), an elegant-looking and sub-
stantial vehicle. There is also an j
Opcnhcimcr carriage, of perfect
finish in every respect, which is
tiansfonned from single to double
scat, or the reverse, simply by a
turn or two of the wrist. It looks
as graceful, too, one way as tho
other. There arc expresses, pas-
scngcr and baggage, of the most
approved pattern, which the estab
lishment turns out nt the shortest
notice. A visitto tltc woodshop
and adjacent stock rooms lcvcals the
very best and freshest of stock, some
in the hands of the skilled artificers,
and tho rest neatly and system
atically slowed nwaj Besides rims,
shafts, top frames, spokes and hubs
(Brown's), the best the market
affords, there is a full stock of sea
soned carriage lumber unworked.
The blacksmith shop is roomy and
convenient, and well-stocked with
imported carriage iron of all sorts
order being the first law here as all
over the place. In the trimming
room a costly and varied stock is
carried in metal, leather, cloth,
hair, moss and fibre. Some of the
leather and cloth covciings shown us
arc supcib, and the proprietor as
sured us that no better stock was
used in any carriage factory any
where. Scat and back springs in
spiral copper are kept on hand, and
it is only necessary to refer to the
work in this department as a proof
that nobody can go further and fare
better. Carriage springs of superior
quality and make are imported from
Philadelphia. The brandies owned
by Mr. lliggins are the impoiting of
carriages and the painting depart
ment. In his warehouse, conspicuous
on Fort street, may be seen a laige
stock of carriages, including the
cut-under rockaway the prevailing
stylo of passenger express ; the Eng
lish coach phaeton, a substantial
and respectable-looking rig; other
phaetons, buggies, carts, etc. His
paint shop is full of new and old
carriages, in different stages of de
coration. The work done is artistic
to a degree, the principal painter
being a thorough master of his pro
fession. His work will prove to any
competent inspector that our words
arc not mere pulling. Mr. Page
keeps ten men at work, besides
working like a Trojan himself all the
time. Mr. lliggins employs four,
which makes the number of workers
in the combined establishment six
teen. The place being on the tele
phone circuit, persons meeting with
mishaps to their turnouts may depend
upon speedy relief by ringing up
Annual Meeting of the Hono
lulu library and flcnding
ripilE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE
X HONOLULU Libiary and Read
ing Room Association will take place
Thin Evening at the now Library
Building, at half-past seven o'clock.
The main bublness of the meeting will
he the election of officers and directors
for the coming year, and the i cuding of
the annual repot t.
A good attendance of members is de
sired H. A. PARMELISE,
S3) It Sccictnry.
ONE HUNDRED ACHES OF LAND
ADJOINING Kaplolnnl Park.
Apply to M. D. MONSAHRAT.
I70R GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
. to MRS. TURNER, 82 King Street,
nenily opposite the Windsor Restaurant,
000 ly h
A SUIT OE FRONT ROOMS, nicely
furnished. Annlv at No. 8 Kukui
- " .-... .
FOIt SAIdE Oil L13ASK.
A BRICK COTTAGE, at Lc-
,hi!ftW7J2"-ui "" mu '" I' "",
'41Hl..n .w..... .!. Uw... ir'...l'U frtt
snaritcuiars anniv to
T. W. HAAVLINS, Soip Work? .
A SMALL COTTAGE AT LELEO.
Apply to T. W. RAWLINS,
8:)1 tf ' Soap Works.
OR THREE FURNISHED
1 X ROOMS, iiulet neighborhood,
about fi 1111111116.- walk from tho Post-
Office, aUo stabling. Apply at this
Olllce. -. 8171m
House and Furniture to Let.
ON THE PLAINS, corner of Herein
nla and lCuniuauka Streets, fronts
I on three streets, known as Iho Bradloy
I premise. Hoihc is 'J hlory, contains 0
rooms, choke st ihlo, both garden mid
t-hriibhcry, furnished suitably. Rental
1 jJCO per month. Apply or address to
1 .1. E. WISEMAN.
1 General Business Agent, Merchant St,
The long looked, for opening of this
ktoro will ho on Monday, Sept. 13th,
wllh ft full stock of
ROBT. DONNOLLY, manufacturer
of Soda Water, Ginger licer, Root Beer
nnd Sprueo licer, will oiler to the public
on Monday, cooling drinks superior to
5 '.!., uVnniloned ahove re nmiuifae-
,rv bnc ofRo'e
iV.." ,n,-S,0r.",.Ar ".. -? Hn,i..
will pronounce it the best In the city.
My syrups are Imported from London,
comprise- the choicest of English fruit",
namelv Gooseberry. Cherry, Pear,
Raspberry, Strawberry, Lemon, Red
Currant, IHnek Currant nnd Pine Apple,
Sarsaparllla, Ginger, Orange and Va
nilla. Any of these fruits at
My mctto Is, to give a superior nitlclo
oven if It cost more, and thereby insuie
speedy e alc3
E rlSvL?SlC I
... .i.l... . ..!.. !. ....I.lln ,lri.il.-u .
un mum, eu us uj Kiu "" jiuuim ....... j
tliat will Uo ootli sircnguiening aim
mfreshliiL' In this climate. I L'tiarnnleo
them strictly VEGETABLE, o MINE
RALS employed. I uso homo of tho
finest medicinal herbs that grow in the
States. Tho public wants n drink with
some nutriment in It, this you find in
niv beers that strengthen the body ns
well ns dilute tho blood for put poses of
11 moiu easy How through the system.
They can he taken by any one ns they I
are absolutely pure. They aie the most
enjoyable tlilrH quenchers over inlro.
dueed. I will pell them at price- to suit I
one and all. '
Superior Gengcr Beer, 10c. per bottle.
Donnolly's Root Beer, ' ,
Donnolly's Spruce Beer, " " " I
Candies for the Million
On Sntuidny, at ihc Fountain. My as- j
sortment Is of Iho finest und purest des- ,
crlplion and will he sold at the lowest
possible price. Don't forget nnd enll
early to insure a jacket of these rare t
candles for the loved ones at hofne. I
have uNo an assortment of Don linns, '
Cloves and Nuts of all description!). ,
Smokers' Articles a speciality at tho
Fountain, nil descriptions of home ah 1
foreign Cigars, to suit the most fasti,
dlous. Best brands of Tobacco and
Cigarettes. Hoping lo gel a share of
public patronage by supplying a good
article, 1 remain,
BEOS to inform the public thai he has
per Mariposa, an elegant assortment of
Gents', Ladies', and Children's
Boots & Shoes
OF THE BEST QUALITY.
62 Hotel Street.
AS there is great competition In tl.c
Restaurant business at the present
time, wo shall REDUCE THE PRICE
OF BOARD TO
54.50 per week
From Ibis date.
Honolulu, Sept. 8, 1884.
A Largo and Commodious
HOUSE, centrally located,
newly papcicd snd painted.
1irgo yard, s tallies, &c. Possession
given Immediately. For fiirlhet par.
JNO. S. McGREW,
815J Hotel btr, bet. Fort nnd Ahikca
OFJFICK TO IiETi
ONE SIDE of J. E. Wiseman's, beau,
liful olllco to rent, with line olllce
furniture, chandeliers, consultation
100111, use of telephone, &q. To a suit"
able party reasonable terms will be
given. Apply to
J. E. WISEMAN,
Gcncial Business Agent, Campbell's
81fitf Block, Merchant st.
rpilE THIRD OUARTERLY D1VI
X DEND oNFivo Dollars per share
will be paid to thp Stockholder of the
Pdia Plantation, at tho olllco of Messrs.
Castle & f'ooko. Honolulu, on Oct. 1st,
1831. E. M. WALSH, Treasurer.
KNOW ALL PERSONS THAT .MR.
LU ONG has left my employ
ment on the RIth Intl.
Honolulu, Sept. Ill, 18-51. 817 lm
rpo WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
X All accounts .owing to the under.
signed for tho quarter ending Juno DO,
188), If not paid by October 10th, will
ho placed in tho hands f a collector.
HENRY MAY is CO.
Sept. 25, 1891. 820 tf
J. E. WISEMAN'S
Ready for Active Work Again.
riMIE Business Community and my
X Patrons generally Ihtougbout the
Mauds will please take notice that I
hove returned from my trip to Iho Coast
and with improved taelllticn for con.
ducting my General Office Business. I
most respectfully toltclt In tho future
tho patronage heretofore extended to
me during my buslne-.s engagement In
tho Kingdom for the past live years.
In addition 10 my various depart,
incuts, I hnve hcon appointed sole Agent
for the HU.loiK linnniuni 111111 1110 uiu-
I Blon and Qulncy Rail Roads, also,
soliciting Agent for iho Fun Francbeo
Illuminating Card Advertisement Com-
pany. orders lor uoous, vvnres anti
Merchandise of every kind and i.ature
scut to the Coast, anil satisfaction
guarantied and on the most icabounldr
In my Real Estate Department, I have
always on hand choice piopeily to sell
nnd Ilouses, Rooms and Oillces lo leape
and let. 1 collect lent?, pay nnd dls
chargctttxes, insuranto nnd older neces
sary icpalrs when required. Landlords
nnd Owners will find thnt it will be to
their advantage- to place their Real Es
tate intcicsis in my nanus, as 1 win
Custom. House Entih .xecu.ed a,
Books nnd Accounts kept and uilluM-
cd, and Quarterly Hills dlstilhuled and
collected accurately and 1 romptly.
Soliciting Agent for the Mutual Life
Insurance "Co. of New York, also Flic
Don't forget that I do business on
busbies principle?. Give me a call.
.1. 13. AVIS13iIVIST,
The only recognl7ed General Buslaos
Agent in the Kingdom.
OIllccs, 23 Merchant Streel, Cainpliell'u
File Proof Block, Honolulu.
P. O. BoxiltC Telephone 172.
'pilOSE SPACIOUS STORES now
X occupied by Win, G Irwin S. Co.,
will he leased foru term of year.
Possession gien the 1st Jan'y, ISST.
For lei ms, apply to
825 2w .1X0. II. PA7Y.
Honolulu, Sept. 2y, 1681,
O. O. Jlr.iiOLii, Esq.,
Agent City of London nnd South lt!i
lish and National Flic Inimance Co.
Dear Sir: 1 beg to oll'ir my hea
thanks for th? prompt settlement of los
1 sustained through the disaslious lire
which occurred in my torc on the 2IJrd
Tho total amount of insurance I held
in tho dlllcrent companies yo'i repicscnt
was 8,000, tho receipt of which sum 1
beg to acknowledge herewith.
I remain. Denr Sir.
r.. ' .. ..
P. A. DIAS.
a nun lot or-
Second Growth Ash' and Oak
Kor sale at lowest market i.ntcs.
Also a complete stock of
Carriage & Wagon Material
constantly kept on hand, and
740 for sale. 3m
W. H. PAGE?
HONOLULU CARRIAGE HANUFACXORY
NOS. 128 mid 130, FORT STREET
(opposite Pantheon Stables)
HONOLULU, II. I.
The Manufactory contains a complete
C.irtiage Shop, Blacksmith Shop, Paint
Shop, and Trimming Shop.
DRAYS AND TRUCKS,
HAND CARTS, &U., &0,
Made to Order on jnost favorable leruu
nnd nil work guaranteed.
Tim lllONCMt Attention (lieu to re.
linlr work or all kliulu.
Having been in busbars on tho Island
for 11 number of jenru employing none
but tho most Skillful of Mechanic, and
using only Al Mnterlal, 1 can Plrlctlv
gunrnnteo all woric leaving my Manu
factory. Give me a call beforo purchasing
Don't forgot tho pliiuo.
128 nnd 130 FORT STREET.
OI'l'OSITi: UODD'S STAIILL'3.
W. H. Page,
504 Cm PROPRIETOR.