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The Couit mII to into inouiiilnj foi
th late lUuoriiil- Mr-. It-rnlrp PaimIiI
Utoliep from thin date until the ennml
ditvof NnM'inliri, ibS4
EDWARD W. Pl'llVIS,
11. M ' Vii'i-Cliiiiuborlnln.
tolniii PnlnM, Wi I. Uiili, IMS I
KIS1LOI & Co., 1SAXK12KS
llnnolulii. Hawaiian 1411111(1'.
Draw Evdiangr on the
Itiiuli il C'ulil'oiMilu. S. I
And tliclr agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON. HONG KONG.
Mejrs. X. M.Hollrscliilel&Snii, London, i
i no uommciciai naiiK uo., hi rviinr.y, m
Tlic'Conimcieiiil ll.inlv Co., of Syilnex, '
Tliu Hank of New Zealand: Auckland, I
Clir'flclitucli, and Wellington. i
The Hani; of British Cnlumlih, Vie. '
lorla, B. ('. and Portland, Or.
Transact n General B inking Business. I
(irtO lv i
(in In' li.id f i oin I
.1. M. Oit,.li A- Co Meiclunt st. i
T. t5. Thrum Meieliiuil si. '
.Vnd fiom the P.ipci Carriers,
eveky afternoon. '
Notice to Subscribers.
Mr. A. M. Melli3 is authorized to '
collect all back subscriptions for tho '
'Daily Bulletin," whoso receipt for j
the same vill be sufficient.
JAS. G. CLEVIOR, Manager.
Bulletin Office, Oct. 7, 1884 ',
PlsdgoJ U neither Ssct nor Party.
Bat esUblUhed for tho luaofit of all. i
FRIDAY, OCT. 17, 1881. I
THIS EVENINC'S DOIflCS. j
Imp. Order of Red Men, at 7:!iO.
Morning.Stnr Lodge, Kofi. 7:.'!0(l '
PROTECTORATE OF NEW CUIHEA. j
A few mails ago brought the in-
telligence that the British Govern- j
incut had decided to establish u pro-
tectorate over New Guinea and the ,
islands of the Southern and Western J
Pacific, if the Australian colonics i
would guarantee (M."i,000 a year for '
the expenses. Later it was .stated
that, live of the colonics had decided ,
to do s0 jointly, and now we learn i
that even Fiji, the youngest and I
smallest of the coloies, has deter- i
mined to bear her quota of the bur- I
den. This means for those islands
v'utnal annexation, and indeed is the
preliminary step to a formal union j
with the British F.mphc. It was at
first thought that the Dutch would '
dispute the contiol of New Guinea,
but the latest advices from the colo
nies show that the Dutch claims wcie
long ago virtually biirrcndeied, and
that the whole island wi'l theiefore
fall under British domination. This
step was taken mainly at the in
stance of the united public sentiment
of the Australian colonies, which
' became excited by tiic fear that
France intended extending her pos-
. sessions in the South Seas, with the
Acw of establishing fresh convict
, .settlements and enlarging the old
V 'ones, that had alreadj' proved a
source of anxiety' to the Colonial
Governments. But this can scaiccly
i bo regarded by studious men who
I liavo closely watched the commence-
i", ment and progress of events in con-
g nection therewith as the fundamental
r moving cause of the protectorate.
' For the Ficnch Senate, probably hi-
lluenccd by the opposition of a united
Australian people, had already so
far modified the Dill for sending con
i victs to New Caledonia and other
' islands of the South Seas, that the
greater pait of them should be
deported to Cayenne and a very few
to Now Caledonia, and none to the
other islands picviotisly determined
r on. Tho inference is that the Dritish
I- Government has decided not to allow
' an' other country to interfere with
, Dritish supremacy in the South Seas.
j With this protectorate and the ic-
cently formed colonies iu Borneo,
tho Dutch Colonial possessions in
I tho Kast Indies arc hemmed iu by
the. Dritish. So that should Gcr-
l'. ninny or any other ICuiopcan power
h" annex Holland iu the future, Dritish
fr interests will tlemaiul that the Dutcli
(tomomImm Imll full to Kuglflnd. lo
nmkc one homogeneous Ptnplrc fiom
India to New Zealand. When (Ici
iimny t.'ly Molu n mm oh nn Kng
IhihI, mid umie.xcri Anjjrii I'eiptenu
Itay nml its MiiToiimliiiK shoies.
under gruiil from unlive clilof Itilns.
the Knjjlish (iovormneiil iniiuodiutol
imucd outers to the authorities nl
(lie Cape of flood Hope to annex
the land conlifrtiotis to the Angrn
l'oqtioim Hay lenitory, on all sides,
ho u lu effectually picvent thetcr
man colon fiom r.p:iiidiiij!, and
tliu cutting off the ICnglibh settle
incuts in Africa one fiom the other.
Whatever may lie said of Knglaiid's
loss of prestige and vacillating policy
under Gladstone".1? Administration,
the Kuglish nation remains the same,
and will not permit any other power
to interfere with or endanger the
ifetv of her children in other lands.
WILDER'S ICE WORKS.
This is the popular name for the
very interesting industrial establish
ment that bears the sijjn, "Hono
lulu Ice Manufactory." Anybody
who has been to the Pali docs not
need to be told where the works ate
situated, as, besides the sign, a
slrnnge-looking, cylindrical building
forming part of them is one of the
most striking objects by the side of
the Xuuanu-Pali road, a little above
the head of Nuuanu street. The
Ru.i.tnis representative was driven
out to this Arctic region the other
day, through the avenue of tropical
beauty, urban and rural, leading to
it, by Mr. Tucker, the versatile en
gineer whose familiar buggy is con
stantly Hitting fiom one to another
of the several centres of industry
included in the extensive operations
of Messrs. S. ?. Wilder A. Co.
Arrived at the Ice Woiks, M' J.
K. Wilder, the superintendent, and
Mr. Orth, the mechanical engineer,
gave us a friendly, yet, at the amc
time, rather cooling reception. As
the coolness was only due to the
frigid surroundings, it was over
looked with the conscious dignity of
the fighting editor, who only wanted
an opportunity of seeing .lack Frost
conjured up from the midst of trop
ical baliuincs". "With three uch
able preceptors as the gentlemen
named, it is needless to say that he
graduated, after a fifteen minutes'
course, a full-Hedged professor of
ice-jugglery, and indulgent attention
is aked to his maiden lecture upon
the art, delivered below.
Ice is manufactured at these works
lV the expansion piocess, the latent
heat being drawn from the water by
the expansion of ammonia. The
ammonia for the purpose is imported
in strong wi ought iron casks, each
containing 10(1 gallons, of which
"" parts are ammonia and 2.1 water,
At present there is iu use in the
Woiks three thousand dollars' worth
of the material, but the apparatus
once charged the subsequent expen
diture is trilling, as the leakage is
very slight. The diluted mixture
is I'o-st placed iu a retort in which
the gas is separated from the water
by heat. It is then anhydrous am
monia, or ammonia dcstituto of
water, and from the retort it is
pumped into the condenser. Tliu
latter is contained in the cylindrical
building mentioned above. This
building is 100 feet iu circu inference
and about .'SO feet high, and
around its inside circumference is
coiled 11,000 feet of inch pipe.
Though this vast circuit, then, the
ammonia is forced, becoming com
pressed in the process and trans
formed from a gaseous to a liquid
state. The coil is kept cool by a
revolving sprinkler, which is supplied
with water by a donkey pump
through a inch pipe. This, in pas
sing, is a part of the Works where
the visitor docs not care to linger,
unless preferring a shower bath with
his clothes on. From the condenser
the ammonia passes into two re
ceivers, whence it is pumped through
inch iron piping, from which a
quaitcr inch branch lends to each of
six tanks of pure water. Tho
branches suddenly widen to nn inch
iu diameter two feet or so above the
tanks, and when the ammonia reaches
the wide parts it expands, resuming
a gaseous state, and thus is con
ducted through the water by a
system of pipes, four times each
way from end to end of each tank.
Dy tho sudden transition of tho
article lrom liquid to gns ex
pansion, the latent heat is drawn
from tilts wnlor, through tho opera- '
lion of the well-known law that
llrpildn In pluming into a ntatc of
vnpor nlisuili n vml amount of heat.
Thcioby the toinpcrnluio of the
water iu tliu tanks is i educed below
tho frce.ing point of !J2 degiees, and
it crystallizes to iron plates on the
side next the conductors. From the
point of expansion the conductors
have a thick- and hard coaling of the '
puipbl white frost, caused by the '
moisture iu the surrounding air
ciystnllizing as it is robbed of its i
heat. The moisture is isiblc some
inches from the pipe, like a person's
breath in u winter atmosphere. This
phenomenon i also observable on
the conductors leading back to the
pump, but is absent on those leading
from the pump to the condenser,
where the ammonia has entered upon
the transition back to a liquid form.
From this curious condition, Mr.
Oitli calls one side of the pump
winter and the other summer.
Ficczing evenly from one side by
this process, any particles of foreign
matter being pushed to the outside,
tliu ice is as solid and pure as that
formed upon the rivers of the far
north. After completing its circuit
in the tanks the gas is drawn on" and
pumped back to the condenser to
resume its journey, the ammonia
being in constant circulation, iu its
different states, while a batch of ice
is making. Kach of the six tanks is
ten feet long, four feet deep, and
22 inches wide, yielding 'IS slabs of
ice, each weighing about 1800 pounds,
at each freezing, which occupies
from tlnce and a half to four days.
All the water remaining after a freez
ing is drawn off, and the tanks ic
plcnishcd for the succeeding opera
tion with filtered water. Air is ex
cluded from the tanks by plank and
When the manufactory started,
the process employed was that of
freezing in closed vessels, but that
was discarded as unsatisfactory, the
ice so formed embracing any imputi
tics that might be in the water and
the block being liable to be soft in
The motive machinery mainly con
sists of an upright engine, 10 inches
iu diameter and 21 inches stroke,
and a pump, 12 inches in diameter
and 2d inches stroke, woikingon one
shaft, having a massive lly-whecl of
four tons. Desides these and the
other machinery and apparatus al
ready described, tlieic arc complete
appliances for protection against fire.
The boiler, fi ft. x 10 ft., is in a
building by itself, mounted upon ti
substantial biiek furnace and every
precaution against file is observed.
One ton of coal is consumed for
every five tons of ice produced.
Theie are two stoie-iooms on the
premises, one 18 feel square and 0
feet deep, and the other 9 ft. x 18
ft., same depth, with a total capacity
of about 100 tons.
This manufactory has now been
established about twelve years, hold
ing the honor of having introduced
the luxury of ice to this land of
perennial summer. It is now in a
high state of cfllciency, under the
constant personal .superintendence of
M". .1. K. Wilder, and is in a posi
tion to challenge competition in the
quality of its product and otherwise.
To Mr. Tucker much credit is due
for the perfection of the process em
ployed, he having designed the whole
method and achieved success bjT
patient, experiment. As a useful
enterprise, which has overcome
foimidablc difllcultics, the Honolulu
Ice Manufactory is one of the most
deserving of success of all our local
industries. The firm wishes its
customers to understand that they
will be supplied with ice as cheap as
the cheapest offered by any other
J. A. PALMER7
Commission and Custom llouso Broker
and General Business Agont.
During the next fifteen days, I will
t;ivo particular ntloiiilon to tlio
Collection of Quarterly Bills !
.My commissions aro moderate, and
JJiihinesj Men and others ran bo sure
that all imittci.s Intrusted to mo will be
Promptly Atti'iidiMl to.
Office In Campbell' New Block,
815 tf Hooni No. 7, Un-Stnlrs.
BY A MAN (Ocrmuii) TO TAKE
UAHE of a Iloido and CUrrlago,
the O.iiden or is willing to do any kind
ot woilc, Enquire at No. 3 King street.
.M st itEt'iin i:i i'eh
rou sai.i; i
J. E. DOW5ETT,
Sirilm qrEKN hTUEET.
DIHECT FIIOM J1ADEIHA,
!! h. m. JSOKJDlSiVTX
A plciidld collection of 18 enint L'old &
silver Jewelry of, the latest designs,
rSe'IlJi'Ohi -with JLiix'lcctH,
Chains Stud", Uracelct", 1'nrfos, Scarf
Pins Crosses, Ear-rings, Thimble",
l2c.. J2U'.. Kle,
Call and cuminc this Superior Stock.
GONZALVF.S & CO.
811 NO. 57 HOTEL ST. lm
For Freight or Charter.
&?W FT A 7APTI"
g .Oa i J.1 A.V iXJ
Apply at ilu
81 1 lm 1'Acnic N wiiiAi ion Co.
A DIVIDEND OV ONE DOLI.AJI
andn IIAEK per shine will bo paid
to tho Stockholder of tlio Woodlnwn
Dairy it Slock Co., on SUurdny. Octo
ber 18. 1881, at tliu olUco or the Coin
panv, No 8!l, FbilSlict.
tMiiHt a. I,. SMITH, Sceiotary.
rpilE ANNUAL .MEET1NO OE THE
JL Share holders of tho Hawaiian
Carriage MtinufiiL-tiiriiig Company,
will bo held Sntiiiday, Oct. 18, 1881,
11 o'clock .m, nt their ofllce, No. 10
QiiCQii Street. E. O. SCMUMAN,
Honolulu Stock and Bond Ex
change. THE ANNUAL MEETING OP Til E
J IIOAHD will take plnce at the
rooms, of tlieJM.imcrV L'ibor & Supply
Co. on Wednesday, October 22, lfcSl.
All iiK'inbeis nro requested to lie lucsent
II. ItlEMENSCIINEIDEK, Scc'v.
813 lw J
ANY HILLS OWING IN HONO
LULU l.yW. Pcimell, should be
presented by the 20th lust, at his place
of bubbles), 02 King Slicct. where thev
will bo hour red. AV. PENNELL.
jrvft. -v LA HUH HOUSE, contain
,iVrf$Q intf l!i looms w ith l).uli-rooin,
av.K'-ffStrt kitchen, inntry, milk room,
servant's loom and every convenience,
with sl. lU'ics of land laid out in good
lylc as a jxtnlcii, euri'iase liou-e and
stabling, water and gas hild out all over
the house; l.itcly occupied by the late li.
P. Ilolloi. l'o-!Chlon given immediate
ly. Por fuither paiticulars, apply to
811 2v IJ. PltANK UOLLES.
Oatela or 1884.
for i-ul' 1-
12. 3?. A.IJMCS9
Tho Best Lunch in Town,
Tea and Coffee at All Hours
The finest Brands of Cigars and
Tobacco, nlwayb on iiund.
AT TlIU I'AIIK
IS OPEN EVERY DAY.
ESTTho onlv sca.sldc rcsoit in the
Kingdom. II. J. NOLTE,
Han pist leeched per .Maiipo-n,
tell Eastern Graiilicirics
C.ila Potatoes and Onions,
Star I lams, P. V. Flour,
S'Yosh ISuckulieat Flour,
.Maple Syrup, Cala Syrup,
N. 0. Molasses, Comb Honey,
Tniiio ami no Prims,
Jams and Jellies, Ac, &c.
A few more left of tho
oelebiated Old Virginia
Hiwoi mid Moai' I'icklos.
Lcavo oideis or ling up No, 110. Goods
delivered lo any part of the city.
CS1" STOHK ON KING STKEET. -H
FIIE EED SALMON
Bgto k Saloon
Adjnlnl.ip Dodd -,
123 FORT STREET.
The loiitf lookid for opening of this
ktoru will U- on MuuUny, Wept. 15th,
with u full ttock or
JIOHT. DONNOLLY. nuimifncturer
of Soda Water, Ginger lleer, Hoot Ilccr
and Spruce Hecr, will oiler lo the public
on Monday, cooling drinks miiei lor lo
tiny In the Hawaiian Islands. The
drlnk3 mentioned above arc lnunufitc
tuicd nt my Soda Work?, back of ltoe
Cottage. Ono trial of my Arctic Soda
will pronounce It the best In the city
My .vrup are Imported fiom London,
comprise the choicest of English fruits,
namely Uooseberry, Cherry, 1'ear,
lt'ispberrv, Strawbeny, Lemon, Hcd
Currant, Ulnek Currant and 1'inu Apple,
Sarsaparllla, Ginger, Orange and Va
nilla. Any of these fruits at
ctss pei Grlass.
My motto Is, to give a superior article
even If it cost more, and thereby ensure
With inv GINOElt IJEEH, HOOT
11EEH -mil Sl'HUCE HKEK, I have I
been at a heavy expense c.xpcilincnlliig j
on them, so as to give the public drinks
that will bo both strengthening and '
refreshing in this climate. I guarantee
them strictly VEGETABLE, no MINE- ,
HALS employed. I uo fonie of the j
finest medicinal hi-rlis thai giow in the
State;", riie puniic wants a urinic wun
some nutriment in it, this you Ibid in
my beers that strengthen the body as
well as dlluto the blood for purposes of
n nioio easy llow through the system.
They can bu taken by any one as they
aie absolutely pure. They mu the most
enjoyable tliiist (picnchers evtr Intro
duced. I will sell them at prices to suit
one and all.
Superior Gengcr Beer, 10c. per bottle.
Donnolly's Root Beer,
Donnolly's Spruce Beer, " " "
Candies for the Million
On Saturday, at the Fountain. My as
sortment is of tliu llnest and purest dcs.
cription and will be sold nt the lowest
possibles price. Don't forget and call
earlv to insuie a packet of these rare
candies for tho loved ones at home. I
have aNo an assortment of Hon lions,
Cloves and Nuts of all dcsctiptlons.
Smokers' Ai tides a speciality at the
Fountain, nil descriptions of home an 1
foreign Cigars, to suit the most fasti
dlous. Best brawls of Tobacco and
Cicuettes. Ilopiiii: to eel a share of
public pationago by supplying a good j
ai tide, I remain, '
814 mn HOBEHT DONNOLLY. I
A LL A CCO I 'NTS AGAINST MOHE I
A & CO., Machinists, will be col
lected by .1. A. Palmer. All accounts
heicafter will be payable monthly.
89 lw MOHE & CO.
A SMALL COTTAGE AT L12LEO.
Apply to T. W. KAWLINS,
8:il tf Soap "Works
A SUIT OP FHONT HOOMS, nicelv
furnished. Apply at No. 8 Kuku'i
street. 770 tf
170K GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
X1 to MHS. TUHNEH, 82 King Street,
nearly opposite tlio Windsor Kcbtaurant,
CDQ ly 1)
A Large and Commodious
HOUSE, centrally located,
newlv pancicd snd painted.
Largo yaul, stables, &c. Possession
given immcdintdy. Por fuither par
ticular.s enquire of
JNO. S. McGHEW,
815 Hotel sir, bet. Port and Alakca
House and Furniture to Let.
ON THE PLAINS, corner of Bireta
n la and Kiiamauka Sticcts, fronts
on three streets, known as the Uracil cy
premises. House Is 2 stoiy, contains 9
rooms, choke st.ible3, both garden and
tluubbery, furnished suitably. Rental'
50 per month. Applv or address to
.1. IJ. "WISEMAN.
General Business Agent, Merchant St.
FOK SAIill Olt I.KASI').
A UHICK COTTAGE, at Lo-
lleo, near tho Soup Works, for
"particulars apply to
T. "W. RAWLINS, Soup Works.
,NE HUNDRED ACHES OP LAND
ADJOINING Kaplolanl Park.
Apply to M. D. MONSAHRAT.
KNOW ALL PEHSONS THAT MR.
LU ONG has left my employ
ment on tho Kith in&t.
Honolulu, Sept. 13, 18SL 817 lm
Notico lo Subscribers oi'
the Hawaiian Bull
JE. WISEMAN IS AUTHORIZED
to collect accounts due tho Haw
aiian Hell Telephone Co. for uso of Tele
phone, and subset ihers may apply at bis
olllco and settle their quarterly accounts
for which ho will give the necessary ie
eelpt of tint Company.
President 11. D. T. Co.
Olllco of J. E. Wiseman,
CamphoU's Ulock, Merchant Street,
J. E. WISEMAN'S
Ready for Active Work Again.
MMIE llusneK Community and my
X Patrons giiiuiall.v tluoiiglioul tli'e
Islands will please take notice that 1
have letitrned from my trip lo the CoaM
and with Improved facilities for urn.
dueling my General Olllte Hiuhicss. I
most respectfully solicit in the futuie
tho patronage heretofore extended (o
me during my buiiies engagement hi
the Klnijdoiii "for the past live years.
in addition to my various depart,
incuts, I hae hccintp'polnled Mile Agent
for the St. Jo Si Haiinllial mid the liur
llngton and Quiiicy Hull Hoads, nlso,
soliciting Agent for tliu San Frimcluo
Illuminating Curd Aiheithciiicnt Com
pany. Orders for Goods, Wares and
Merchandise of uu-ry kind and nature
sent lo the Coast, and satisfaction
guarantiee! aim on tliu inot leakOualile
Ill my Heal Estate Depaitincnt, I haxe
always on hand choice property lo sell
and Houses, lloomt and Olllces to lease
and let. I collect icntf, pay and dis
charge taxes, Insurance ami older neces
sary repairs when recjulrcd. Landlords
and Owners will Ibid that it will be to
their advantage to place their Heal K
tate Interests In my hands, as I will
carefully attend to this hianch of my
buslncsj lo their entile satisfaction.
Custom House Entilr exceuled at
Hooks and Accounts kept and adust
ed, and Quarterly Hills distributed and
collected accurately and promptly.
Soliciting Agent for the Mutual Life
Insurance Co. of New Yoik, also Pbe
Don't forget that 1 do business on
business principles. Give mo a call.
a. 13. Avisi3aiA.:rv,
The only recognized General Buslucs
Agent iu the Kingdom.
Olllces, 28 Merchant Stieet. Campbell's
Piru Proof Block, Honolulu.
P.O. Box 1)15 Telephone 172.
EGS to infoim the public that he hab
per Maiipoa, an elegant assoitment of
Gents', Ladies', and Children's
Boots & Shoes
OF THE BEST QUALITY.
62 Hotol Street.
AS there is great competition in the
Restaurant business nt the pic&cnt
time, wo shall REDUCE THE PRICE
OP HOARD TO
$4.50 per week
Prom tLls elate,
Honolulu, Sept. 8, 1881.
W. H. PAGE,
HOtU CARRIAGE IMMFACK
NOS. 128 and 130 PORT STREET
(opposite Pantheon Stables)
HONOLULU, II. I.
Tho Manufactory contains a complete
Carriage Shop, Blacksmith Shop, Paint
Shop, and Trimming Shop.
DRAYS AND TRUCKS,
HAND CARTS, &C, SiO.
Made to Order on most favorable terms
and all work guaranteed.
The ClOHcHt Attention clveu to re-
pair work or all UIikIh.
Having been in business on the Island
for a number of years employing none
but the most Skillful of Mechanics, aud
using only AI Material, I can strictly
guarantee all woru leaving my Manu
factory. Givo mo a call beforo purchasing
Don't forget the place.
128 and 130 PORT STREET.
OITOSITK PODd'h STAW,i:s.
W. HL Page,
OFFIOK TO itirf.
ONE SIDE of J. E. Wiseman's beau,
liful olllco to rent, with line olllco
furnituic, 'chandeliers, consultation
room, use of telephone, A-c, To a suit
able party reasonable terms will bo
given. Apply to
J. E. WISEMAN,
General Business Agent, Campbell's
8H5tf Ulock, Merchant st.
j' t Jl .
.. , tfWl ?' junl'jiMAr